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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
? F I I a. a .a & . a a - ...
VOL. LVII. NO. 17,728.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
PRISONERS OF WAR
HOPS AT SILVERT0N
SELL AT 35 CENTS
TRIBUTE TO LANE
IS PAID BY SENATE
RIOT ENDS PEACE
' COUNCIL MEETING
124,000 TO STRIKE
UP 10 PER CENT
WITH ADVANCE WORKERS GO
PRICE IS HIGHEST PAID FOR
SEW CROP SINCE 1903.
SPEAKER AND CHAIRMAJT AT
ON EIGHT-HOUR DAY.
HARTFORD, COSX., ARRESTED
Says Time Is Ripe.
CABINET OF FIVE RULES
Kerensky Solves Difficulties
When Efforts to Compro
mise Prove Failure.
KORNILOFF REVOLT .OVER
Premier Sends Ultimatum to
Rebel and Surrender Is
Result in Two Hours.
PETROGRAD, Sept. 15. (Delayed.)
Russia has been proclaimed a re
public The provisional government
tonight issued the proclamation,
dated September 14.
The proclamation follows:
"General Korniloff s rebellion has
been quelled. But great is the con
fusion caused thereby, and again great
is the danger threatening the fate of
the fatherland and its freedom.
Republic Is Proclaimed.
"Holding it necessary to put an end
to the external indefiniteness of the
state's organization, remembering the
unanimous and rapturous approval of
the republican idea expressed at the
Moscow ' state conference, the pro-
visional government declares-that the
constitutional organization, according
to which the Russian state is. ruled,-is
republican organization, and it hereby
proclaims the Russian republic.
v "Minister and President.
"Minister of Justice."
The title "Minister and President"
affixed to Premier Kerensky's signa
ture to the proclamation probably re
fers to his position as President of
the Ministry rather than of the re
public. PETROGRAD, Sept. 16. The pro
visional government today announced
that all the affairs of state had been
entrusted to five members of the Cab
inet. Five in Cabinet.
The following communication was
"Pending the definite constitution
of a Cabinet and in view of the pres
ent extraordinary circumstances, all
affairs of state have been entrusted
to M. Kerensky, Premier; M. Terest
chenko. Minister of Foreign Affairs;
General Verkhovsky, Minister of War;
Admiral Verdervski, Minister of Ma
rine, and M. Nikitin, Minister of Posts
Premier Kerensky's attempt to form
a coalition government failed, but the
crisis has been solved temporarily in
the form of a Cabinet reduced in size
and of virtually non-party character.
Compromise Is Impossible.
This decision became inevitable
when the Council of Workmen's and
Soldiers' Delegates informed Premier
Kerensky that they agreed with the
Social Democrats and the Social Rev
olutionists in opposing the entrance of
the Constitutional Democrats into the
Negotiations lasted until early in
the morning. Pramier Kerensky then
found it impossible to obtain a com
promise on a coalition basis, admitting
both right and left ministers, and de
cided temporarily to create a Cabinet
of five members.
As Terestchenko and both the de
fense ministers count as members of
no party and as Nikitin and Kerensky
are Social Revolutionists, the Cabinet,
as far as it is a party one, is Social
Revolutionist. The portfolios of the
other departments will be allotted by
the Cabinet of five, but the occupants
will rank only as directors of depart
ments. Election of the constituent assembly
again has been postponed, because the
work of organization throughout the
country has not been completed. Elec
tions to the assembly now are fixed
for November 12, and the members
are to convene November 28 (Russian
PETROGRAD, Sept. 15. After the
(coocuded on Fm 4. Column 1.)
John Tait Points to Increase of 2 00
to 400 Per Cent In Supplies
as - Justification.
Now comes a 10 per cent advance In
laundry prices. Commencing: with bills
now being sent out. every laundry In
the city is adding1 to the regular
charges an addition of 10 per cent. The
bill Is figured up at the old rates and
the 10 per cent added to the total.
With the change the laundries will
put an eight-hour day into effect to
day. Employes who have been work
ing nine hours will work only eight
hours from now on. and will receive
the same wages. The working hours
will be from 8 A. M. to 5 P. M., with an
hour off at noon.
.John Tait. of the Troy Laundry, said
yesterday that the 10 per cent Increase
in prices is necessary to cover the in
creased cost of materials and supplies
and labor. "The eight-hour day in all
the laundries In Portland goes into ef
fect tomorrow with wages unchanged,"
said Mr. Taft yesterday: "This means.
virtually, an 11 per cent Increase- to
"The laundries will maintain .their
oil rate cards, hoping to return to
these rates as soon as possible. The
advance will be covered by adding a
flat 10 per cent to the total amount of
the bill. The Increase is absolutely
necessary.- In addition to the wages
which have advanced about 20 per cent
1 the last two years, everything else
has gone up from 200 to 400 per cent. '
"Soap, for example, has risen from
4 cents a pound in 1916 to 15 cents a
pound now. Wrapping paper In a year
has jumped from 4Vi cents to 11 cents.
Everything else used in the laundry
business has gone up at a correspond
ing rate. The 10 per. cent advance in
prices really does not .take care of the
increased cost to the laundries." .
PRICE ON; KAISER'S HEAD
Labor's Loyal Legion Offers $1000
to American Capturing Monarch.
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.. Sept. 16. La
bor's Loyal Legion, recently organized
here, will pay i'OOO to the American
soldier who may succeed in capturing,
dead or alive, the Kaiser or the Crown
Prince. This was decided at a' meet
ing of the executive committee last
night The legion will pay 1500 to the
first American soldier to take prisoner,
dead or alive, a member of the general
staff of the German army, and f ZOt 'to
the first American soldier who captures.
dead or alive, a German soldier.
A telegram notifying him ot the of
fer was sent to President Wilson.
$5000 NO ARMY SESAME
Man Physically Unfit Rejected De
1 spite Offer of Money.
ST. ' PAUL, Minn., Sept. It Grant
Le Molne, who had traveled nearly 700
miles to St. Paul to enlist In & rail
road regiment, offered 15000 for the
privilege of going to France, after
being refused yesterday for physical
reasons. " .
Le Moine's last railroading, was in
Mexico, after which he entered busi
ness at Frold, Mont. Ills age, coupled
with slight deafness, proved Insur
"Tou let me go and I'll give you
$5000." Le Molne urged George McCree.
In charge of recruiting. McCree could
TEUTON PEACE NOTE VAGUE
Fall of Riga Deters Germans From
. .Making .Definite Concessions.
AMSTERDAM. Sept. 16. The Ger
man answer to the peace note ot Pope
Benedict, according to the correspond
ent In Germany of the Amsterdam Tijd.
Is less favorable than the peace advo
cates desired and the Pan-Germans
feared, as. the result of recent events
like the fall of Riga, the disunity of
Russia and the reply of President Wil
son to the Pope.
"From the practical region of defi
nite concessions, the correspondent
adds, "it has been reduced largely to
the well known- theoretical peace as
surances." RICH DRAFT EVADER IS HIT
Jacob Baltz, Son of Brewer, Indict
ed for False Statement.
PHILADELPHIA. Sept. 16 Jacob B.
Baits, son of a wealthy brewer, was
indicted yesterday by the Federal
grand Jury for making false state
ments in his claim for exemption from
Baits swore before the board that
he was the sole support of his wife
and two children and that he had no
other income beyond that - derived
from his mental and physical labors.
It developed that he has been receiv
ing a yearly Income of $20,000 from
the brewing company of J. & P. Baits.
FARMERS BIG BORROWERS
2 Million of Eastern Money Poured
Into 'Washington Farms.
SPOKANE. With, Sept. 16. Up to
the close of business yesterday 869
farmers of the Northwest had borrowed
approximately $ J, 000, 000 through the
Federal land bank here.
Virtually all of this amount repre
sents -Eastern money which- has- been
brought into the Northwest by the land
bank for agricultural development
through sales of bonds of the Spokane
Classes Are Formed in
OLDER MEN TEACH YOUTHS
Orchestra and Dramatic So
FOOD - OF POOR .QUALITY
Xo Food Except Black Bread Served
That Could Not Be Eaten With
Spoon Wounded and Sick
Prisoners Are Exchanged.
BT JAMES W. GERARD.
American Ambassador to the German Im
perial Court. July 28. 193. to February 4.
11T. (Copyright. 1917. by tbe Public
In Rubleben the educated prisoners
volunteered to teach the ignorant; 297
different educational courses were of
fered to those who desired to improve
their minds. A splendid orchestra was
organized, 1 a dramatic society - which
gave plays in French and one which
gave plays In English and another one
which gave , operas.
On New Tear's day, 1916, I attended
at Ruhleben a really wonderful per
formance of the pantomime of "Cinder
ella, and In January. 1917, a. perfor
mance of "'.'The Mikado" in a theater
under one of the grandstands. In
these productions, of course, the female
parts were taken by young men and
the scenery, costumes and accessories
were all made by the prisoners.
" Camp Library Established.
There was a camp library of more
than 5000 volumes, sent over by the
British government,, and a reading and
meeting hall erected by the American
Toung Men's Christian Association.
There was even a system. of postal serv
ice, with special stamps, so that" a pris
oner in -one barracks could, write -to a
friend Hi another and have a letter de-'
livered by the camp postal authorities.
The German authorities had not hired
the . entire racetrack from the Race
track Association, so that I made a spe
cial contract with the racetrack own
ers and hired from them the Infield
and other portions not taken over by
German authorities. Here the prison
ers had tennis courts and played hock
ey, football and cricket and-held ath
letlo games. Expert dentists In the
camp took care of the poorer prison
ers, as did an oculist hired by me with
British funds, and glasses from the
same funds were given the poorer pris
oners.' Special Accommodations Provided. '
The prisoners who needed a little
better nourishment than that afforded
by the camp diet and their parcels from
England could obtain cards giving them
the right to eat in the casino or camp
official restaurant, where they were al
lowed a certain Indicated amount of
(Concluded on Pace 3. Column )
Nv-!LOW M WERE HERBERT "T ml 11' ' ' W
3 Ysg j 'A
Seventy-Six Bales of 1915 Crop
Bring 16 Cents; Growers Anxious
to Sell While Price Is Up.
SILVERTON, Or, Sept. 16. (Special.)
The hop market was opened in Sll
verton yesterday when K. M. Morley
and W. C Mount, local hop buyers,
purchased 130 bales of 1917 hops from
Ray Morley for which they paid 35
cents per pound. This is said to be
about the first lot of 1917 hops pur
chased this year, and the price is the
higheBt paid in SUverton since 1903.
Morley & Mount also purchased 15
bales from O. E. Vick, of McKee, pay
ing 34 cents, and bought the R. M.
Harding 1915 crop, comprising 76
bales, at 16 cents per pound. They
also purchased the balance of August
Elton's 1916 crop, but the price paid
is not known.
Great activity is manlfetsed in the
hop business here, as growers are
anxious to dispose of crops while the
price Is up.
MOUNTAIN RESORT BURNS
Forest Fire Escapes and Sweeps
Over Two Slopes of Peak.
SAN DIEGO, Cal., Sept. 16. A serious
forest fire, developing from what was
thought at first to be a harmless brush
blaze, swept today across the top of
Palomar Mountain, well-known pleas
ure resort in the ' eastern part of San
..The fire today went up over the
west side of the mountains and came
down on the east, throwing off denBe
clouds of smoke as it raged through
the heavy timber.
TYPHOID EPIDEMIC FEARED
Prominent Physician Latest Rose-
burg Victim of Disease. '
ROSEBURG, Or.. Sept. 16. (Special.)
Dr. A. F. Sether, a prominent Rose-
burg physician, was taken to a hospital
today suffering from typhoid fever.
This is the sixth case reported in
the past 10 days to the City Health
Officer, who has ordered drinking wa
ter boiled and other precautions taken
to prevent an epidemic of typhoid.
MISSES LANSING IN FRANCE
Sisters of ' American Secretary go
to Front for Ked Cross W'ork.
PARIS, Sept. 16. Miss Katherine T.
Lansing and Miss Emma 65. Lansing.
sisters of the American Secretary of
State, who arrived at Bordeaux Fri
day with a party of American Red
Cross workers, departed Saturday for
They intend to establish aid sta
tions there for French soldiers.
BERLIN PAPERS SQUELCHED
Three Prominent Publications Halt
ed by Military Censor.
COPENHAGEN, Sept. 16. Publication
of three Berlin newspapers, the Tages
Zeitung, Boarsen Zeltung and Frelsin
nige Zeltung, has been stopped by the
WHILE THE WAR WAGS ON.
Eulogies Are Led by
SOME TURN GUNS ON PRESS
Five of "Wilful Twelve" Loose
Attack on Newspapers.
MOTIVES ; ARE PRAISED
Impatience Under Restraint and
Determination to Follow Own
Course of Action Are Re
called by Speakers.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Sept. IB. The United States
Senate, at a special session lasting
nearly four hours, today paid its last
tribute to the memory of the late Sen
ator Harry Lane, of Oregon.
The solemn occasion was seised upon
by five of the "willful twelve" Senators,
made famous at the close of the last
session of Congress, to lambast' the
American press, and by indirection the
Administration as well, though this
censure was carefully Interwoven with
a defense of and tribute to the bravery
and fearlessness of the deceased Oregon
CkftmberUls. Tribute Touching;.
Senators La Follette, Reed, Vardaman
and Norris bo far forgot the proprieties
of the occasion as to indulge in bitter
and at times vituperative condemnation
of American newspapers, and La Fol
lette later read a similar speech pre
pared by Senator Gronna, another of
. Senator Chamberlain opened the cer
emonies with a beautiful tribute to
his colleague, and towards its close
asserted that the "unjust attacks"
made upon Senator Lane, because of
his stand on the armed ship bill, "un
questionably hastened his end."
Lonr Tirade Are Hear.
Senators Jones, Phelan and Kenyon
all paid appropriate tribute to Senator
Lane, dwelling largely upon his well
recognized honesty, his goodness ol
heart .and his determination to do the
right as be saw it. - . -
Similar tribute came from the five
Senators referred to, but their eulogies
were brief as compared to the extrane
ous portions -of their speeches, the
longest ever heard on similar occasions
in the Senate.
Senator Chamberlain reviewed the
publio career of Harry Lane, both as
a state and a National figure.
Zfelsrabors Revere Memory.
"The best testimonial of Harry Lane's
worth." said Senator Chamberlain, "is
to be found in the love which was
entertained for htm by his friends and
neighbors of a lifetime in the state of
his birth. . He was the very soul of
honor. No one at any time questioned
(Concluded on Pa.it 4. Column 4.)
Woman Condemns Conduct of War,
Conscription and XT .S.. Aims.
Audience Rushes at Her.'
HARTFORD. Conn.. Sept. 16.
Riotous scenes marked a meeting here
today of the Hartford branch of the
People's Council of America for D
mocracy and Peace, culminating in the
arrest of the speaker, Mrs. Annie R.
Hale, of New Tork; the chairman. Al
fred E. Whitehead, of this city, and
the abrupt ending of the meeting: by
Police action was taken after Mrs.
Hale had criticised a high Government
official and the war, condemned con
scription " and declared the United
States had no right to go abroad to
fight Germany because of a belief that
"50 years hence" Germany might make
war on this country. v
When Mrs. Hale was ordered to stop
there was an excited rush by the audi
ence to the platform. One man, shak
ing his fist at the speaker, declared
she had insulted the President.
Mrs. Hale and Whitehead were taken
to police headquarters, charged with
breach of the peace.
WILSON BACK AT DESK
Reports of tJ-Boats and President's
Possible Sea Trip Alarm.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 16. President
Wilson returned to Washington from
New Tork by train tonight, ending the
longest stay away from his desk since
There had been no announcement
concerning the President's movements
since yesterday, and in view of un
confirmed reports of submarines off
the coast the possibility that he might
return on the yacht Mayflower was
discussed by the public here with no
The President and Mrs. Wilson left
Washington a week ago Friday for a
trip to Gloucester, Mass.
AMERICANS ARE WOUNDED
Eureka Soldier at Front Slightly
Hurt by Shell Which Hits Auto.
PARIS. Sept. 1. Paul Bentley. of
Chicago, and Carson Ricks, of Eureka,
CaL, both members of the American
Field Service, were wounded on Fri
day. A shell struck the automobile
In' wnlch they were riding. , "
Both were taken to a hospital at the
front. , Their injuries are not serious.
RUSSIANS STAND FAST
Stubborn Fighting Repels Assaults
Along Two Fronts.
PETROGRAD, Sept. 18. Stubborn
fighting Is in progress on the north
ern end of the front in Russia. To
day's official statement says the Rus
sian troops are fighting with deter
mination, repelling German assaults.
Attacks on the Rumanian front were
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 82
degrees: minimum, 61 degree..
TODAY'S Fair and cooler; moderate west
erly winds. ,
Russia proclaims Itself a republic. Face 1.
- Foreign. .
Berlin's reply to Argentina Is not satisfac
tory. Page 3.
Three resents to guide Poland through
early struggles. Page 6.
French officials to take action In Tunnel
case. Page 7.
Educated war prisoners form classes to
teach youthful and ignorant. Page 1.
Navy-yards are to give 10 per cent advances.
Senat pays tribute to Harry Lane. Page 1.
Nineteen cities. Including Seattle, selected as
sites for rehabilitation hospital.. Page 4.
Congress plana to adjourn in October.
Chairman Hurley seems to have taken over
functions of labor adjustment board.
Japanese mission pays tribute at tomb ot
Commodore Perry. Page 2.
Domestic. San Francisco shipyards to be tied up by
strike today. Page 1.
Blot ends meeting of People's Council for
Peace. - Page 1.
Eastern milling centers report growing
scarcity of wheat and flour. Page 7.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 2-0.
Los Angeles 0-1; Oakland 8-2. San Fran
cisco 1-1; Salt Lake 2-7. Vernon 3-5.
Giants and White Sox increase leada
Oaks to open series In Portland tomorrow.
Golfers have busy day. Page 12.
Record price of 35 cents paid for hops at
SUverton. Page 1.
Industrial Workers decide to "strike on the
job." Page 6.
Portland and Vicinity.
Laundry prices raised 10 per cent. Page i.
Portland men now In' Marines qualify as
marksmen. Page 6.
Change in building code expected to pro
mote Improvement of old properties.
Veteran police officers loath to leave service
they love. Page 10.
Rental scale for Public Auditorium to be
fixed. Page 10.
Roman Catholic priest is lecturing to non
Catholics. Page 1L
Rev. "W. B. Brink man takes "worry" as text
of Sunday sermon. Page 11.
Coastwise and foreign shipments of fir and
spruce are increasing. Page 13.
Jewish New Tear being celebrated. Page 13.
Strikers to put out pickets at shipyards, but
operators look for no trouble. Page 5.
Alcazar Players will have as leading woman
daughter of Louis James. Page Id.
Member of Soldiers' Auxiliary asks aa to
duties and responsibilities. Page 0.
Ancient Order of Hibernians hold Initiation
and give banquet. Page 6.
Socialist party expels Victor McCone as
traitor to Its cause. Page 10.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 13.
III SAII FBAIICjSCO
Union Men in Shipyards
Will Walk Out Today.
MEDIATOR'S MISSION FAILS
Leaders Refuse to Delay Ac
tion Pending Conferences. ,
SETTLEMENT STILU HOPE
Work Under Way on $150,000,000
Worth of Government Ships Af
fee ted and Operators Say
They Will Close) Plants.
SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 16 All worle
on $150,000,000 Government shipbulld'
Ing contracts in San Francisco and tho
bay region will be suspended Indef
initely a; 9 o'clock tomorrow morn
lng, when 24,000 members of unions
affiliated with the Iron Trades Coun
cil here strike for a higher wage.
According to a statement Issued by
the Employers Association tonight a
final conference today, held at the sug
gestion of James Lee Ackerman, spe
cial representative of the United States
Emergency Fleet Corporation, failed to
bring about an agreement. Labor lead
ers present at the conference declared
they could not postpone the strike.
TCnloma Refuse Postponement.
Mr. Ackerson suggested that a set
tlement might be arranged through
conferences with Government officials
conducting similar negotiations in the
Seattle shipbuilding strike and that
the strike be- postponed pending- the
outcome of these conferences. R. W.
Burton, president of the Iron Trades
Council, said a postponement of the
ordered walkout was Impossible.
Announced plans for the strike call
upon all men to report for work as
usual. At 9 o'clock they will walk out,
if no agreement has been reached.
Both sides tonight said the promulga
tion of a new agreement was possible
before that time. - -
Plants Will Close Down.
The California Metal Trades Asso
ciation, the employers' organization,
announced that the plants would - be
closed after the walkout and no at
tempt would be made to operate with
Conferences between representatives
of the men and the employers will con
tinue despite the strike, it was an
nouncd. The first of these will be held
tomorrow, with Mr. Ackerson presiding.
The working agreement of unions
affiliated with the Iron Trades Council
expired last night. Conferences look
ing toward the reaching of a new
agreement have been held continuously
in the last two months without tangi
ble result. The men demanded a mini
mum wage of 16 a day, an advance of
B0 per cent. An offered Increase of 10.
per cent was rejected. It was esti
mated that 90 per cent of the 24,000
men ordered to strike were engaged In
Troops JV'ot to Be Requested.
No request for Federal troops to
guard the plants affected was contem
plated, said members of the employers
conference committee tonight. It was
pointed out that because of the great
volume of Government work in process
of construction, Federal authorities
might throw guards around the plants
on their own initiative.
The statement of the employers said:
"We have determined that Inasmuch
as the United States Government would
be the principal sufferer from the.
strike, on account of the cessation of
work, it should be the one to adjudi
cate the points at issue, and we would
abide by its findings. This plan has
apparently not met with the approval
of the Iron Trades Council and we re
gret that they feel a strike should ba
Exemption Flea Withdrawn.
Applications for exemption from
service in the selective draft armies on
occupational grounds, which have been
made by the Union Iron Works on be
half of 800 employes, will be withdrawn
because of the ordered strike, it was
announced late tonight by J. J. Tynan,
general manager of the concern.
This action was in accordance with
a promise to the Federal district board
and will apply not only to those em
ployes whose applications are pending,
but also to those men that have been
granted exemption already, said Tynan.
REPUBLICAN LEADER DIES
W. F. Stone, Noted G. O. P. Chief
tain of Baltimore, Passes.
BALTIMORE. Sept. 16. William F.
Stone, for 17 years collector of the port
of Baltimore, and sergeant-at-arms of
the last three Republican National con
ventions, died here today following a
surgical operation. Mr. Stone was a
native of Maryland and in his 62d year.
He is survived by his widow, one son
and two daughters.
Since 1895, when the old Democratic
organization was overthrown and a
Republican Governor, Legislature and
Mayor of Baltimore city elected. Mr.
Stone had been a prominent Republi
can leader In this city and state. Presi
dent McKlnley appointed him collector
of the port in 189S and he was re-appointed