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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
i 1 A , .
VOL. LVII NO. 17,688.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WKDNESUAI, AUGUST 1, 1917.
PRICE FIVTC CENTS.
"WAR BRIDES" MAY
HEAT WAVE III EAST
CAMP STUDENTS TO
GET NEW CHANCE
SEATTLE STRIKE IS
VIRTUALLY AT END
READY FOR I.W.W.
AIDING IX EVASIOX" OF DRAFT
XOX - COMMISSIONED APPOINT.
' MEXTS TO BE OFFERED.'
WALTER B. SCOTT LOST WHILE
BATHING AT FORT STEVENS.
M DRIVE GIVES
ALLIES 10 TOWNS
Third Lines Are Taken
on 20-Mile Front.
ALL OBJECTIVES ATTAINED
Plans of Generals Haig and
Petain Carried Out With
Surprisingly Small Loss.
BESISTANCE IS DESPERATE
Early Stages Indicate One of
Greatest Conflicts of War
. Is in Progress.
By the Associated Press.
British front in France
AND BELGIUM, July 31. An epoch
making offensive, launched by the
British and French against the Ger
man lines between the river Lys and
Boesinghe at daybreak has, with few
exceptions, accomplished all that had
been planned for the first day of this
battle, which, in its early stages, gives
promise of being the greatest conflict
of the war.
Roughly speaking, the British pene
trated positions held by Crown Prince
Iiupprecht, of Bavaria, between Boe
singhe and Warneton, and at the time
of the filing of this dispatch were in
possession of the first three lines of
the German trenches at most points
throughout this front.
French Cross Marshes.
Reports received from the French
troops, which' are attacking over the
difficult territory between Dixmude
and a point near Boesinghe, say that
they have forced their way across this
marsh-studded and partly inundated
region, .and captured -the first two
lines of German trenches.
The casualties of the entente allies
have been surprisingly light, and the
morale of the men continues at the
highest pitch. The contact between
the British and French armies has
been constant and excellent.
Late today it was reported that the
Germans had begun a heavy counter
attack, at a point where the entente
allied forces join.
Trenches Torn by Gunfire.
The German front line trenches,
which had been torn to pieces by the
preliminary bombardment, offered re
sistance, but, once the allied forces
had penetrated beyond them, they
met with fierce resistance at many
points. Directly east of Zillebeke, and
again a little to the north,' the British
were temporarily held up by a heavy
machine gun fire, but only tempor
arily, for the troops charged through
the rain of lead and forced the Ger
mans from their positions in hand-to-hand
Again, at a redoubt which was
strongly held in the German line and
defended by concrete fortifications,
the British were brought to a stand
by machine gun fire. But they
charged with bayonets and dislodged
Charge Made Through Barrage.
One of the most striking and spec
tacular events of the day's . fighting
occurred at the so-called Menin tun
nel, a great underground fortification
constructed by the Germans on the
Menin road, opposite Hooge. The
British preliminary bombardment had
forced the Germans to hold the line
thinly here, and the British division
which was to attack at dawn, lay out
all night in shell holes within 25
yards of the German line, waiting for
the signal to advance. When the time
arrived for the charge, and the Brit
ish gunners had dropped a protecting
barrage on the German front trench
ahead of the British troops, it was
seen that the Germans had taken to
their heels and were fleeing.
The British, seeing their prey escap
ing, went mad, and charged directly
through their own barrage, fortunate
ly without heavy casualties. The
Menin tunnel, which was expected to
be occupied by several hundred Ger
mans, was found to hold only 41, the
rest having retreated.
Many Prisoners Mere Boys.
It was only at the second ine that
the British met resistance, and here,
after sharp hand-to-hand fighting,
they forced the Germans again to
No check has yet been made on the
' (Concluded on Page 2, Column 1.)
Provost Marshal-General Rules De
pendence, Xot Marriage, Is
Basis for Exemption.
"WASHINGTON, July 31. Hasty mar
riages made since July 20, the date of
the Army draft drawing. In an effort
to escape conscription through the
claim of a dependent wife, will not be
considered ground for discharge un
less the wife Is actually dependent on
the husband's daily labor.
Prompted by reports from many
cities of marriage license bureaus be
ing besieged by men Included in the
first draft call. Provost Marshal-General
Crowder today ruled that "mar
riage is not of itself a valid ground
for making claim for discharge."
Dependency Is a matter of fact, not
of law. General Crowder pointed out.
"A man whose wife is mainly de
pendent on his daily labor for sup
port," he said, "may claim exemption
on that ground. Only the exemption
boards can determine this fact. When
dependency is claimed and circum
stances show a marriage hastily con
summated since July 20 by a man
whose number is high on the available
list, the actual fact of dependency must
be closely scrutinized."
Moreover, General Crowder declared,
women who marry men merely to aid
them to be slackers are liable to prose
cution under the draft act.
FOOD PLACES TO BE RATED
City to Examine Groceries and Kes
taurants for Sanitation.
Rating cards for grocery stores, res
taurants and other places where food Is
sold are to be established by the City
Health Bureau. The cards will Indi
cate to the public the degree of sanita
tion existing In the place.
, Neat cards resembling bonds will be
furnished, giving each place a rating.
Places thoroughly sanitary will be
marked either "A" or 90 per cent.
Places less sanitary will be marked
"B" or 80 per cent, and places still less
sanitary "C" or 70 per cent.
SLACKERS LACK "CARDS"
Xew York Officers Frighten. Off
Marriage License Seekers.
NEW YORK, July 31. United States
Marshal Thomas D. McCarthy, with 15
of his deputies, appeared at the mar
riage license bureau this afternoon,
where scores of young men of the draft
age, with their prospective brides, were
waiting for licenses, and .within IS
minutes cleared the room -and hallways
of half their number.
He ejected from the place every man
who was unable to produce bis blue
JULY CASUALTIES 71,832
Britain Reports 2 5 03 Officers
Killed, Wounded or Missing.
LONDON, July 31. British casualties
in all theaters of military operations
published in the newspapers during the
month of July total 71,832 officers and
The officers killed, wounded or miss
ing total 2503, while the men number
CUBA HANDS OVER SHIPS
German Merchant Ships AVill Be Re
paired and Used by U. S.
WASHINGTON, July 31. Cuba today
turned over to the United States the
five German merchant ships seized in
Cuban ports when Cuba declared war
The ships will be made ready for re
pair and operation.
THE FAMOUS BLACK BAG.
James W. Gerard, former Am
bassador to Germany, in his "My
Four Years in Germany," which
starts as a serial feature in The
Oregonian next Sunday, August
5, will reveal the secrets of the
now famous black bag, which,
on his trip from Berlin to Wash
ington, caused curiosity and
Questions without end from al-
most every , newspaper corre
spondent and official whom he
"My Four Tears in Germany"
tells of Germany's ambition. It
is a news story that rivals any
fiction and is held, to be the
crowning news feature to come
out of the great war. Mr.
Gerard tells for the first time in
this story ' of Germany's plot,
intrigue and ambition. Mr.
Gerard answers the questions
that all along have been puzzling
America. He explains why the
war was started and what Ger
many hoped to gain by it. He
explains why Germany chal
lenged the United States and
how Germany conspired to make
the United States fight.
It is an "Inside" story, here
tofore known only to a hnndful
of diplomats and the German
Mr. Gerard tells the public in
his book, which will be re
printed in generous installments
in The Oregonian daily and Sun
day, beginning August 5. much
that he told President Wilson ,
when he returned to Washington.
Chicago Reports 20
- Deaths in Day. .
MERCURY 102 AT CLEVELAND
Affected Area Increasing and
More Torridity Predicted.
CORN CROP IS BENEFITED
In Striking Contrast to Conditions
Elsewhere Are Oregon and AVash-
ington, Where Tender Vegeta
tion. Is Damaged by Cold. '
PARTIAL TOLL OF THE HOT
City Deaths, tions.
Detroit ....... ...
Jersey City, N. J.
CHICAGO. July 31. (Special.)
Eleven additional deaths from the
heat were reported to the police this
evening, making a total of 20 in Chi
cago in the last 24 hours. Seventeen
of this number were men and ' three
women. No account Is taken of the
numerous deaths of babies in the con
gested districts. Of the large number
prostrated many will die.
The heat wave is general over all
the area between the southern half of
Minnesota to the Atlantic Ocean,
spreading far up into Eastern Canada.
Cleveland, C. reports maximum tem
perature of 102 and 14 deaths Including
11 babies. In Detroit the street ther
mometers show 10G with 34 the offi
cial figure. There have been nine
deaths in Detroit. Pittsburg reports
the hottest day of the year and- eight
Manufacturing centers In New Jersey
(Concluded on Page 7. Column 2.)
BRITISH COMMANDER WHO LAUNCHES MONSTER NEW OFFENSIVE
i . . ' -" It. I V 7 - . .
tfp y eyy rj- a a a
Seventeen Thousand Men Will Be
Left When Officers Are Se
lected After Training.
'. "WASHINGTON, July 31. The 17.000
men at the officers' training camps who
will not receive commissions or be se
lected for further training at the sec
ond series of camps are to receive of
fers of appointments as non-commissioned
officers in the National Army,
with chances - of promotion later to
commissions. Coupled with the offer.
acceptance of which requires enlistment
of the man at the conclusion of the
camp, August 15, is a renewed assur
ance that after the second camps close
promotions all will be made from the
ranks of the regular . Army, National
Guard or National Army.
A circular issued today by Major
General Bliss, acting chief of staff, di
rects commanders of officers' training
camps to Invite student officers falling
to receive commissions "to enlist in the
foot service at the close of the present
course of training, with the under
standing that they will be transferred
on or abont September 1, 1917, to units
of the National Army to be organized
in their local training areas."
The non-commissioned grade to
which each man will be appointed is to
be determined by recommendation of
the training camp commander.
MILK PRICE IS ADVANCED
Xew York Consumers Will Pay
$7,300,000 More in Year.
NEW YORK, July 31. An advance
of a cent a quart, making the price
of milk 12 Mi cents, will cost the con
sumers $7,300,000 a year, it was esti
The advance effective tomorrow is
the fourth since last October.
GERMANY T0PAY BILLS
War Expenses of Turkey and Bul
garia for 1917-18 Guaranteed.
ZURICH, July 30. (Delayed.) Ger
many has notified Turkey and Bulgaria
that, she will assume all expenses in
curred by these countries in the cam
paign of 1917-1918.
DRAFT NUMBERS PRIXTED
The complete official list ot the
10,500 numbers drawn in the war
. draft"-are printed -in The Ore
gonian today on pages 8 and 9.
Ottawa t Jx. ,
GEJNEKAL SIR DOLGLAS HAIG.
Satisfactory to All.
TRACTION HEAD TO SIGN PACT
Recognition of Unions on All
Points at Issue Conceded.
CARS MAY RUN TOMORROW
As Soon as Final Word Is Received,
Agreement Will Be Submitted
to Mass Meetings of Car
men for Ratification.
SEATTLE, Wash, Aug. 1. At an
early hoar this morning President
Leonard's name had not been attached
to the agreement, lie has been in con
ference for several hours with Charles
A. Reynolds, attorney for the strikers,
and Clinton W. Howard, of counsel for
the traction company.
SEATTLE, Wash., July 31. Await
ing only the signature of President A.
W. Leonard, of the Pugct Sound Trac
tion, Light & Power Company, and rat
ification by the striking streetcar men
of Seattle and Tacomx, "-.e strike which
has tied up the car service of the two
cities for more than two weeks 13 prac
A proposed agreement, drawn up at
a conference late today of representa
tives of the company and the men, al
ready bears the signature of James A.
Duncan, Jolm Morgenthaler and A. A.
Whlteley, representatives of the strik
ers, who thus approve and recom
Arbitration Flan Approved.
Today's agreement would sulmit to
arbitration the question of wages and
working conditions. The agreement
further unqualifiedly admits the right
of the employes to join any union; pro
vides for the reinstatement of men dis
charged in Seattle and Tacoma; recog
nizes ' the open-shop policy; promises
deportation of strikebreakers, and pro
vides for the appointment ofa griev
ance committee for the men. The agree
ment Is lo'last for one year."
If, as is expected, the agreement Is
signed by President Leonard tonight
(Concluded on Page 3, Column 1.)
AGAINST GERMANS ON WEST
? - ",v -
X A -Cv
W : -.V.i.-y.y.ti
V - : . '- ..'-:x. .-x J v r
Four Comrades Who Attempt Res
cue Have Narrow Escapes, One
Being Brought in Unconscious.
FORT STEVENS, Or.. July 31. (Spe
cial.) Walter B. Scott, a member of
the Eighth Company, Oregon Coast Ar
tillery, of Portland, was drowned late
this afternoon while bathing in the surf
near camp and four of his comrades
had a narrow escape from similar fate
when they attempted to rescue the
Sergeant William L. Miller, of Port
land, who was one of the four men that
went to the rescue, was unconscious
when carried In by Corporal Ralph
Durgan. Tonight he is resting well
and will suffer no ill effects from his
experience. The four men who went to
Scott's rescue were:
Sergeant William L. Miller, mechanic;
Carl Pfeifer, acting corporal; Ralph
Durgan and Private Albert E. Dugan.
Gloom prevails over the entire camp
tonight. This was the first accident to
happen at the fort for many months.
About 15 members of the Portland
company were bathing at the time of
the accident, but the fact that the
bathers were strung out over a consid
erable distance made it impossible for
others to give assistance. A strong
wind, aided by an outgoing tide, made
bathing rather perilous. The Fort
Stevens life-saving crew was Immedi
ately notified, but their attempt to re
cover the body was in vain.
PEACE RUMORS REPEATED
Vienna Paper Asserts Berlin Will
Heed Overtures From There.
COPENHAGEN. July 31. The semi
official Vienna Fremdenblatt says it Is
able to announce authoritatively that
Germany gladly will act upon peace
overtures coming by way of Vienna.
The Cologne Gazette, a copy of which
has been received here, reproduces the
MILLIONAIRE'S SON ENLISTS
Robert Ankeny, of Rickreall, Joins
Navy as Second Machinist.
SALEM. Or.. July 31. (Special.)
Robert Ankeny, owner of an 1800-acre
farm near Rickreall, and son of Levi
Ankeny, Walla Walla millionaire, has
just passed the examination here to
Join the Navy as second machinist and
has gone to Portland to report.
M0NS CITIZENS DEPORTED
Germans Take 129 Men In Single
Day Xor War Service.
HAVRE, July 31. Deportations of
civilians from Mons, Belgium, continue,
the German government sending away
129 men on June 26 and 39 on June 28.
It is probable they will be made to
work on the German front In France.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 81
deffrees. minimum, ot degrees.
TODAY'S Fair and warmer; moderate
English and French advance to second and
hird lines on lio-mile front. Page 1.
Military exports hclltve Tueton right flank
vulnerable. Page 6. j
Cavalry block line of retreat of 2,000.000
Russians. Page 4.
American destroyers engage, two German
submarines. Page 7.
Gigantic tasks await Engineers Corps in
i'rjr.ce. Page 12.
Arctic explorer returns year before time ex- (
pected. Page 4.
Steps taken to finance next liberty loan.
Food bill conferees unable to gree on. war
expenditure committee. Page -.
Senate committee revises war tax bill to
raise L'.0OO.0O0,000. Page 2.
Creel suggests dropping censorship. Page 15.
Women marrying merely to aid men to be
slackers liable to prosecution. Page 1.
Noncommisslon appointments to be offered
17,000 training camp students. Page 1.
Senate to vote on prohibition today. Page 3.
Heat wave in Ea&t takes heavy toll. Page 1.
I. W. W. leaders threaten sympathetic strike,
In Middle-West. Page 7.
Pacific Coast League results: San Francisco
7. Portland 3: L.os Angeles 7. Salt Lake. 6;
Oakland 3, Vernon 0. Page 14.
Ean Francisco boxers to donate smoker re
ceipts to Ked Cross. Page 14.
Chicago Cuba not to get their pay today.
Page 14. . .
Seattle strike thought settled. Page 1.
Medlca! Lake bank robbed of $13,000 by two
masked men. Page 7.
Motor vehicle law becomes effective today.
Walter B. Scott, Portland artilleryman,
drowned at Fort Stevens. Page 1.
Airplane factory starts operation in Port
land. Pasre 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Pacific Coast hop prices are climbing fast.
Page 1!. .
July shorts are caught in squeeze at Chi
cago. Page 1.
Late selling reduces gain on stock market.
Page 1 .
Japanese steamer is due today. Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
Drastic action is to be taken if I. W. W.
members interfere. Page 1.
Important additional instructions given local
exemption boards. Page U.
California, Salt Lake City. Montana and
Idaho merchants attracted to Portland
buyers' week. Page 6.
Official list of serial draft numbers arrives
from Washington. Page 8.
Mayor rejects ice men's plan. Page 11.
Japanese membership in Chinese tongs re
vealed. Page 12.
Mr. Alderman reviews Alexander case
Many changes effective today In city's serv
ice. Page 20.
Glen Klelnau confirms brother's confession
in C lark plot. Page 5.
Portland dances In 14 halls at same time to
aid Third Regiment ambulance fund
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 16.
Punishment Will Be
Swift and Certain.
ALL BRANCHES READY TO ACT
City, County, State and Fed
eral Officials Confer.
AMPLE GUARDS ON DUTY
Mills Are Running With Xormal
Crews and Those Who Interfere
Will Meet With Short Shrift.
Red Tape to Bo Avoided.
Direct action the same sort of direct
action advocated by the I. W. W.
awaits the I. W. V. trouble-makers in
City, scounty, state and Federal of
ficials held a conference yesterday in
the office of Mayor Baker and laid out
a programme. The I. W. "W. will ba
handled with an Iron hand by every
agency of the state.
The Board of County Commissioners
will arrange at its regular meeting this
morning for the opening of Kelly Butte
rockpile. A rare collection of roclc
hammers already has been sent to the
institution by the city. The I. "V. V.
will be on the way there shortly after
they start more trouble.
governor at Conference.
The conference was called by Mayor
Baker and was attended by Governor
Withycombe, United States Attorney
Reames, District Attorney Evans, City
Attorney La Roche, Sheriff Hurlburt,
Chief of Police-Designate Johnson,
Chief of Police Clark and County Com
missioners Holman, Muck, and Hol
brook. All pledged every agency at their
command to co-operate in combating
the troubles as they may arise. It was
planned to nip the impending troubles
in the bud. Ample facilities in the way
of men are available at a moment's
notice and the force will be increased
day by-cTay.- '
I. AV. "W. Regarded Enemy.
The officials were of one mind that
the I. W. W. is an organization of
enemies of the United States and should
be treated as such. The officials de
cided to go to the full extent of the.
law In meeting any emergency and to
aueitu me law it jieceaaary ana nave f
the legal battles on the subject after- j
A conference will be held probably
today by the District Attorney, City
Attorney, Prosecuting Attorneys and
the Attorney-General of the state in
making out the legal phases of the
In the meatime Mayor Baker has In
structed the police to watch the I. W.
W. like hawks and to stop any attempts
to interfere with legitimate workers.
Mill Crews Remain.
There were no further desertions
from the crews of local mills yester
day, and an optimistic sentiment pre
vailed. Admittedly a trifle short
handed, operators said that the labor
situation was no worse than in previous
years, and laid the dearth of men to a
natural shortage rather than to L V.
W. influence or intimidation.
Police squads were stationed at ths
North Pacific Lumber Company's mill,
the Kastern & "Western mill and the
Inman-Poulsen mill, while single pa
rie pa- I
trolmen were stationed at various
smaller mills. The work wen
ward at a normal rate, and It
lieved that the greater majority
employes are well satisfied with
ditions and in no mood to listen to
V. V. argument.
Crews Being Filled. .
The Kastern & Western mill is still
a dozen men short and has had no dif
ficulty in finding men to fill the places
of those who walked out. Kven in
those instances the workmen were not
I. AV. V.. it is said, but were for the
most part Austrian laborers who read
ily owned to a fear of reprisal from
the I. V. "vY". if they returned to work.
One arrest was made yesterday, that
of John Basich, an Austrian, believed
to be an I. W. W. Basich was patrol
ing the railway track near the Kastern
& "Western mill yesterday morning,
when arrested by Sergeant Bunn and
Patrolman Schad. As the police ap
proached him he fled and hid in a
vacant house, making considerable re
sistance. Charge In Vagrancy.
Basich has been charged with vag
rancy and will be tried In Municipal
Court this morning. He claims to ba
31 years old, but is much younger in
appearance and has no registration
Two other cases which will come up
today are those of Harry laynard and
Sherman Juveneall, who were arrested
Monday at the Eastern & Western mill..
They are charged with vagrancy and
have been released on $50 bail.
Jacob Krlanusen, who was arrested
at the Inman-Poulsen- mill, and in
whose possession were found circulars
setting forth the demands of the I. W.
V. for mill workmen, was tried in Mu
nicipal Court yesterday morning and
found guilty on two counts. He was
fined $ for disturbing handbills In
violation of 'he billposters' ordinance,
and was fincj $15 for trespass. In ds-
tCoucluded on Page 7, Column JLj