Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. L.VII NO. 17,626.
.PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, MAY 19, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
IN CANADA URGED
ROOSEVELT IS NOT
NORTHWEST TO SEIID
QUOTA IS 2400 MEN
TO GO TO F
1000 GARS OF GRAIN
COMPULSORY ENLISTMENT TO
DARTMOUTH , ESCAPES WITH 3
DEAD AM) 5 3IISSIXG.
4000 WASHINGTON GUARDSMEN
BE ON SELECTIVE BASIS.
WANTED; 1600 IDAUOANS.
WAR ARMY BILL
President Orders Division
of Regulars Prepajed.
PERSHINGTO BE COMMANDER
Roosevelt Offer Declined, on
Advice of Experts Who
PLANS ARE KEPT SECRET
Large Proportion of Expedi
tion Is Likely to Be
WASHINGTON, May 18. Presi
dent Wilson tonight ordered that a
division of regular troops, commanded
by . Major-General John J. Pershing,
be sent to France at the earliest prac
This is the answer of America to
France's plea that the Stars and
Stripes be carried to the fighting
front without delay to hearten the
soldiers battling there with concrete
evidence that a powerful ally has
come to their support against German
. Experts Decide Against T. R.
Announcement of the order followed
signing of the selective draft- war
Army bill by the President and the
issuing of a statement that under ad
vice of military experts on both sides
of the water, the President said he
could not employ volunteers nor avail
himself of the "fine vigor and en
thusiasm'!, of. ex-President Roosevelt
for the expedition.
The Army law provided for an ul
timate force of approximately 2)00,
000 men to back up the first troops to
go to the front. When the bill had
been signed the President affixed his
- name to a proclamation calling upon
all men in the country between the
ages of 21 and 30, inclusive, to reg
ister themselves for military service
on June 5, next.
10,000,000 to Be Sifted.
The proclamation sets in motion im
mediately machinery that will enroll
and sift 10,000,000 men and pave the
way for the selection of the first 500,
. 000 young, efficient soldiers without
crippling the industries or commerce
of the Nation or bringing hardship on
those at home.
Even before the bill was signed the
War Department announced that the
full strength of the National Guard
would be drafted into the United
States Army beginning July 15 and
concluding August 5. Orders to bring
the regiments to full war strength
immediately accompanied the notifica
tion sent to all Governors.
A minimum of 329,000 fighting men
will be brought to the colors under
those orders, supplementing the 293
000 regulars, who will be under arms
by June 15.
Draft Army Due September 1,
It is from these forces that the first
armies to join General Pershing at
the front will be drawn, to be followed
within a few months by recurring
waves from the selective draft armies,
the first 500,000 of whom will be
mobilized September 1.
Following is the text of the terse
announcement of thi War Department
as to General Pershing's expedition:
"The President has directed an ex
peditionary force of approximately
one division of regular troops, under
command of General John J. Pershing,
to proceed to France at as early a
. date as practicable. General Pershing
and staff ' will precede the troops
Pershing Is in Washington.
"It is requested that no details or
speculations with regard to the
mobilization . of this command, dates
of departure or other items be car
ried by the press, other than the of
ficial bulletins given out by the War
Department relative thereto."
General Pershing has been in Wash
ington some days. He was personally
summoned by Secretary Baker from
the Southern Department, which was
under his command until tonight's
order was issued.
The man. who led the expedition
into Mexico and handled his difficult
- Concluded, oft Paee S, -Column 5.),
Proposal Made to Parliament by
Sir Robert Borden Shows Need of
Reinforcing Overseas Corps.
OTTAWA. Ont., May 18. Compulsory
military service on a selective basis to
raise immediately at least 60,000 and
probably 100,000 men to make good the
wastage in the Canadian Army Corps
in France, was proposed to Parliament
late today by Sir Robert Borden, the
Premier, who returned from England
The Prime Minister declared that op
portunity had been given to every man
in the country under the voluntary en
listment plan to do his duty to the
country and to the cause. Under this
plan Canada had done well, he said.
There had been dispatched 326,000 men
for the Canadian force across the
Atlantic. Including British, French and
other reservists, not less than 360,000
men had gone from Canada for over
seas military service.
But more were needed, Sir Robert
announced. There were under arms
enough men to supply reinforcements
to keep the five Canadian army divi
sions up to strength for some time, he
said, but losses were great and pro
vision had to be made for the future
unless the five Canadian divisions
were to dwindle to four, to three and
to two. .
The announcement of compulsory
service was received with applause
from both sides of the Chamber.
TONG SLAYER IS CONVICTED
Wong Ring, of Seattle, Will Be Sen
tenced to Deatli.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 18. Wong
Hing, member of the Bing Kong Che
tong of Seattle, was found guilty of
murder in the first degree in the Su
perior Court today for the slaying of
Ng You here during the tong war that
raged in Pacific Coast states early in
As the Jury did not. recommend
mercy, Wong iiing will be sentenced
to death. -
STRIKE VOTE BEING TAKEN
Southern Pacific Brotherhoods Are
( Balloting on Question.
SAN FRANCISCO. May 18. A refer
endum strike vote among 8000 mem
bers of the four brotherhoods of em
ployes of the Southern Pacific Rail
road is being taken, it became known
here today. The results will not be in
for 10 days.
The proposed strike does not Involve
the eight-hour law, but ia over other
differences and for non-recognition of a
Joint grievance board.
250,000 HORSES WANTED
Government Expects to Spend
$100,000,000 for Animals.
WASHINGTON, May 18. The Gov
ernment is in the market for 250,000
horses and mules for Army use, which
probably will cost $100,000,000. They
will be used in addition to 40,000 mo
tor trucks and automobiles. Boards
of officers have been ordered to start
on the animal purchases not later than
June 1 at Front Royal. Va.; Kansas
City. Mo.; Fort Reno, Ok la., and Fort
CHURCH LOAN DAY ASKED
Committee Appeals That June 3 Be
Devoted to Liberty Bonds.
NEW YORK, May 18. An appeal to
the churches of the country to make
Sunday, June 3, "Liberty Loan day"
was sent to clergymen everywhere to
day by the liberty loan committee.
The National Bank of Commerce has
applied for JIO.000,000 worth of the
SINN FEINERS HOLD ALOOF
Irish Convention Scorned; Party to
Go Before Peace Conference.
DUBLIN, May 18. The Sinn Feiners
will not seek representation at the
proposed convention to settle the Irish
problem, nor will they pay regard to
any constitution agreed upon by the
Their policy, as stated by their offi
cial organ. Nationality, is to present!
Ireland's case for independence at the I
TEUTONS ATTACK RUSSIANS
German Assault in Vladimir Region
Is Repulsed. '
PETROGRAD, via London, May 18. I
Strong German forces last night I
launched an offensive against the Rus
sian positions in the region of Shelvov,
in the direction of Valdimir-Volynski,
the War Department announced today.
The attacks were repulsed.
EDITORS GC OUT ON STRIKE
Salaries of . More Than 525 De
manded by Italian Writers.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 18. The ad
vanced cost of living has resulted in
a strike of the four editors 'of an
Italian daily paper here.
They declare that printers make
more than they and demand a salary
greater -than the present $25 a. week,.
President Acts Aga
OTHER SERVICE IS POSSIBLE
Wilson Says Advice of All Ex
perts Is Against Step.'
EFFICIENCY MUST BE FIRST
President Points Out That Regular
Army Cannot Spare Officers
That Colonel Planned to
Take for Own Troops.
WASHINGTON. May 18. Colonel
Roosevelt will not be permitted to
raise his volunteer expedition to carry
the American flag against the Germans
On signing the war Army bill to,
night. President Wilson issued a state
ment Baying that, acting under expert
advice from both sides of the water, he
would be unable to avail himself at the
present stage of the war of the author
ization to organize volunteer divisions.
There was talk in Army circles to
night of the possibility that a way will
be found to use the ex-President's serv
ices in another way, but official com
ment on the subject was lacking.
Roosevelt Mot to Go.
The President's statement follows:
"I shall not avail myself, at any rate.
at the present stage of the war, of the
authorization conferred by the act to
organize volunteer divisions.
"To do so would seriously interfere
with the carrying out of the chief and
most immediately important purpose
contemplated by this legislation, the
prompt creation and early use of an ef
fective army and would contribute prac
ticaily nothing to the effective strength
of the armies now engaged against
"I understand that the section of this
act which authorizes ' the creation of
volunteer divisions, in addition to the
drafts was added with a view -to pro
viding an independent command for Mr.
Roosevelt, and giving that military au
thority an opportunity to use his fine
vigor and enthusiasm in recruiting the
forces now at the western front.
Experts Oppose Personal Desires.
"It would be very agreeable to me to
pay Mr. Roosevelt this compliment and
the allies the compliment of sending
to their aid one of our most distin
guished public men and ex-President,
who has rendered many conspicuous
public services and proved his gallan
try in many striking ways. Politically,
too, it would, no doubt, have a very fine
ertect and make a profound lmpres
"But this is not the time or the oc
(Concluded on Page 5. Column 3.)
: Km V7 - v oit 1 t
lamhMM TT U 3 liber 1
. iwm m w
1 r k m m a ir.ivi - i v aw. i . ' .r
1; 1 v" 5?i r- 1;
Raid in Adriatic Takes Toll
LONDON, May 18. The British Ad
miralty announced today that 14 drift
ers had been sunk in a raid by Aus
trian light cruisers in the Adriatic, and
the British light cruiser Dartmouth was
torpedoed by the Austrians.
The Dartmouth, the Admiralty re
ports, returned to port with three men
dead and one officer and four men
missing and believed to be dead, and
The British warships Dartmouth and
Bristol pursued the Austrian vessels to
a point near Camaro, when battleships
compelled them to withdraw.
VIENNA, via London. May 18. A
British cruiser was sunk during an en
gagement with English, French and
Italian vessels after an Austrian naval
detachment had made & successful raid
in the Strait of Otranto, on the south
ern coast of Italy, according to an of
ficial announcement made tonight by
the admiralty. Italian destroyers, three
merchantmen and 20 armed guard ves
sels, the statement adds, "became vic
tims" of the Austrian raid.
A German submarine co-operated
with the Austrian forces, which are
said to have returned to port with
small loss of life and little damage.
A drifter is a steam fishing vessel
used in mlno sweeplnr.
FOUNDATION HELD CHARITY
New York Supreme Court Passes on
NEW TOIHC, May 18. The appellate
division of the Supreme Court today
ruled that the Rockefeller Foundation
and the Bureau of Social Hygiene are
charitable corporations, and are exempt
from a state transfer tax.
The decision affects bequests of $438.
593 to the Rockefeller Foundation and
$75,000 to the Bureau of Social Hygiene,
made by the late Mrs. Laura S. Rocke
feller, wife of John D. Rockefeller.
FLOUR DECLINES 60 CENTS
Drop in San Francisco Follows Pro
hibition of Speculation.
: SAN FRANCISCO, May 18. The price
of flour here declined 60 cents a bar
rel, wholesale, today as the result of
the voluntary prohibition of grain
speculation by the big grain ex
Fifty-pound sacks sold at retail for
HONDURAS CUTS RELATIONS
Lead of Guatemala Is Followed Re
WASHINGTON, May 18. Honduras
has severed diplomatic relations with
Germany, following the lead of Guat
emala. The Government's information came
from Minister Ewlng at Tegucigalpa.
TO WHICH FUND WILL YOU SUBSCRIBE?
Allies Demand Imme
EXPORT IS BY NEWPORT NEWS
Australian Grain Brought to
Make Up Deficit.
"TRAILERS" FLURRY CAUSE
Persons With "Inside Tips" on Al
lies Buying Plan Put Too
Heavy Strain on Shorts In
Chicago Wheat Tit.
CHICAGO. May 18. (Special)
Coupled with authentic information
that the Federal Government has
ordered 1000 cars of wheat and barley
exported from the Pacific Northwest at
once about 2.000.000 bushels and
Australian wheat is being brought in
to make up the deficit, the actual posi
tion of the allied governments in the
Chicago wheat market today became
A short time prior to the sensational
flurry in wheat which resulted in the
prohibition of trading In futures, the
allied powers had 25,000.000 bushels of
wheat futures. At the time me ex
change closed they had 3.000,000 bushels
of July and 4,000.000 bushels of Sep
tember futures. Their actual demand
for wheat amounts to 4.000,000 a week,
they exchanging the futures for the
Governmeat Aids Allies.
It can be stated on good authority
that the source of the Board of
Trade's trouble was not directly at
trlbuted to allied purchases, but that
buying by "trailers" persons who had
an 'inside tip" on the buying pro
gramme of the allies was so heavy
as to make the combined demands
beyond all powers of fulfillment. In
the face of this extraordinary . situa
tion the '"short" Interests collapsed.
When the lid was clamped on at
Winnipeg there were 45.000,000 bushels
of trades "open," this grain being
owned by the Government and the
The ordering of wheat and barley
amounting to 1000 cara about 40 per
cent being the latter grain exported
from the Pacific Northwest is in line
with, the Government's policy to see
that its allies are fed. This will be
replaced by grain from Australia,
either here now or on the way. The
grain Is being exported through New
port News and the Gulf.
Car Situation Watched.
Under the system which has been
arranged, the cars are being routed to
(Concluded on Page 3. Column 5.)
m mm m m mmmmrn . . , , , , , , ,4
Northwest Will Provide 20th Division.
Quarters to Rise at Amer
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, May 18. Under the call of the
President today. Oregon will be asked
to raise not less than 2400 National
Guardsmen for Federal service. Wash
ington 4000, and Idaho 1600. The Na- i
tlonal Guard of Oregon. Washington,
Idaho. Montana and Wyoming make
up the Twentieth National Guard divi
sion of the Army and will be trained at
American Lake, which today was desig
nated as one of the West Coast Army
In addition to the National Guard
from these states, which will number
not less than 10,400, the War Depart
ment probably will send to American
Lake the men recruited in the North
western states, under the selective
Immediate steps are to be taken by
the Quartermaster-General . to provide
quarters for thousands of men to be
trained at American Lake, the build
ings to be similar to those recently
authorized at Vancouver Barracks.
PRISONERS BUILD RAILWAY
Austrians Construct 1200 Miles In
SAN FRANCISCO, May 18. Austrian
prisoners of war, working under Amer
ican engineers, were used to build a
newly completed 1200-mile railroad
from Petrograd to the northern ice
free porta of Chupa and Alexandria,
according to James P. Gleason. steam
shovel company representative, who has
Just returned from Russia.
So far north that there ts daylight
all Summer, the work was rushed to
completion, said Gleason today.
DAYLIGHT SAVING INDORSED
Senate Committee Favors Moving
Clocks Ahead One Hour.
WASHINGTON, May 18. The day
light saving plan . today was indorsed
by the Senate interstate commerce com
mittee. It ordered reported the bill providing
that clocks shall be moved ahead one
hour during the Summer months.
BRAZIL TO QUIT FENCE
Revocation of Decree of Neutrality
. . Is Expected Shortly.
RIO JANEIRO. May 17. (Delayed.)
It is believed that Brazil will short
ly revoke the decree of neutrality as
affecting the war between the United
States and Germany.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 3
degrees; minimum. 48 dejrree..
TODAY'S Partly cloudy and occasionally
threatening weather; westerly winds.
Wilson signs wir'Aray bill; National Guard
to get early call. Page 1.
Senate rider" on budget bill limits Army
draft to four months after war. Page 2.
America's economic part In war agreed.
Russian coalition cabinet romilliit.il t.- k
Oregon's minimum National Guard quota Is
President Issues Army draft proclamation
President decides Roosevelt shall not go to
Krancn I ' 1
Compulsory military service in Canada pro
posed. Page 1.
American Army Is ordered to Prance at
earliest practical date. Page 1.
British cruiser torpedoed by German sub.
mi, 1 1 Auriauc rage. 1.
Uprising forecast If prices continue to rise.
Defense council names Portland for one of
first labor mediation committees. Pago 3.
Government offers block of (200.000.000 con-
emoie treasury certificates to banks.
Officers' training . camp takes rest today.
. Page 4.
Government orders 1000 cars wheat and bar
Icy from Northwest for allies. Page 1.
First strawberries reach Roseburg carnival.
Interstate bridge seriously damaged. Page 6.
Governor speaks for road bonds at Normal
School. Page 6.
Sunday school conference closes. Page T.
Commonwealth conferences indorse bond
Issue for new penitentiary. Page 8.
Swimming and diving championships to be
usea lomsni. sge 14.
Pacific Coast Lurue results Portland 3.
rin rTftnniro r.ait LtKa a, Oakland 1 .
Oame at Vernon postponed; wet grounds.
War tax looms as baseball's death knell.
Commercial and Marine.
Flurry In domestic hid markets subsides.
Wheat higher at Chicago with strong ad
vance in casn options; page IB.
Sixty ships, valued at S48.SS8.00O, being
luroea out nere. rago js.
First prosecution . under new Immigration
act is begun in Portland. Pago 18.
Peace rumors and Income tax provisions
cause reversal In stock market. Page 19.
Portland and Vicinity.
Portlsnd slow- In response to appeal to buy
liberty loan oonaa. fage 7.
Northwest railroads prepare to 'reduce pas
senger service to move supplies. Page 7.
Mr. Laurgaard put out of race by Judge
lUCKer aecision. rage i 3.
Candidate Wheeler exposes fallacy of Daly's
water Dureau economy claims. Page 7.
Delay In decision prevents sending ballot to
printer, rage ji.
Plea for grip on American Ideals made by
rtaooi wise. rage tf.
Port Orford sons here to enlist. Page 4.
Aajuiani-.enermi w nue oraera recruiting
ot uuaro to war sirengm. rage Z.
Aviation Corps candidates must hurry
Patriotic Portland singers virtually engaged
for dedication of Auditorium. Page 15.
Auto ' bus collides with cow and throe
passengers are nurt. Pago 13.
'Weather report, data and foravaaU Page 17..
Registration for Draft Is
to Be June 5,
TO GET EARLY CALL
Dispatch to Europe Shortly
After August 5 Is Indicated
to Be Plan of Staff. -
WAR STRENGTH ORDERED
Force of 1,500,000 Within a
Year Is Intended Regulars
Begin Moving North. '
WASHINGTON, May 18. The W ar
Army bill, as passed by Congress and
finally reviewed at the War Depart
ment, went back to the White Houso
tonight and was signed by President
The President's signature set in mo
tion immediately machinery designed
to produce within a year's time a Na
tional Army of more than 1,000,000
trained and equipped men, backed by
adequate reserves of men and sup
plies and by an additional 500,000 sol
diers under training.
The war bill was carefully gone
over during the day by . Urigadier
General Crowder, Judge - Advocate
General and Provost Marshal-General.
It remained but to prepare the proc
lamation for the President's signature
summoning approximately 10,000,000
men from 21 to SO years of age to
register for military service and set
ting the date for registration.
June 5 Is Date Set.
Registration will be held June 5, to
be -completed that day and to be fol
lowed by the process of selection
which will determine the first 500,000
men to be called to the colors about
Meanwhile the War Department is
pushing vigorously its preparations to
mobilize the National Guard, which,
with the regulars, forms the first-line
Army. It was announced today that
all existing regiments of the Guafd
will be called into service by August
5, and officials estimate that with
from a month to six weeks' intensive
training these troops will be ready to
go forward for final preparation be
hind the fighting lines in Europe for
the fighting that is before them.
- Regulars Moving Northward.
Regular Army regiments already
are in motion northward irom the
border, preparatory to the expansion
of the regular service to full war
strength. Of the 183,898 men neces
sary to bring the regulars up to the -
293,000 mark, 74,933 already have
been recruited, and the remainder are
expected to come in before June 15-
The National Guardsmen will be
drafted into the Federal service in
three increments on July 15, July 25
and August 5. As a general order is
issued by the President drafting spe
cific regiments, the force will cease
to be militia and become part of the
armies of the United States. They
will be relieved by the limitations
upon use of the militia and be avail
able for service in any part of the
War Strength Authorized.
State authorities were authorized
today to fill present regiments or
other units up to full war strength,
making a force of approximately
329,954 men and 9847 officers. No
new National Guard organization will
be accepted by the Federal Govern
ment until this is done and reserve
battalions for eacb regiment organ
ized. The result will be virtually to
triple the present strength of the
Guard, but reports to the department
show heavy recruiting in all states.
The department announced also the
distribution by military departments
of the 16 divisions of the new selective
draft Army and the 16 National
Guard ' divisions for training put
poses. All of the Guard divisional
cantonments and most of the se
lective Army camps will be in the
southern part of the country.
In all the forces first to be formed
Concluded oa S Column ..