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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL,. VL.I. NO. 17,420.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1916.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
LIVING COST GOES
HIGHER THAN EVER
COURT REJECTS $1
VERDICT FOR GIRL
FOREST FIRE LOSS
LESS THAN $500
FIGURE COVERS ENTIRE DAM
AGE IN OREGON THIS YEAR.
SHIPPERS CAN AID,
WAR S END IN JUNE,
GET REAL WELCOME
. SPRQULE SAYS
EVEX NEW LEVELS PREDICTED
BEFORE END OF WINTER.
JUDGE M'GIXX SAYS A AVAR D IS
INHUMAN1 AND UNFAIR.
1917, IS FORECAST
ass nil.. ' n
Germany Expected To
Bid For Peace.
Entire Protection for
RECENT LEGISLATION RAPPED
Democratic Claims Picked to
Bits by Candidate.
7 STAND IS MADE FOR LABOR
War Declared to Have Saved Busl-f0111
ness Disaster Adamson Bill
Regarded as Serious Blow
MILWAUKEE. Wis.. Sept. 20.
Charles Evans Hughes, in his speech
here tonight, outlined his attitude to
ward the protection of American rights
"I propose that we shall protect and
enforce American rights on land and
sea. I propose that we shall protect
and enforce American rights on land
and sea without fear and unflinchingly
with respect to American lives. Ameri
can property and American commerce.
We have so unstated policies, no secret
understandings, no Intrigues. We stanS
four-squared to the world, representing
the United States and its interests and
its Interests "alone, first, last and al
ways." Democratic Claims Answered.
Mr. Hughes' reference to American
rights was contained in a speech in
which he made reply, one by one. to
what he termed Democratic claims for
having aided business, and outlined the
Republican programme. In so doing
he dealt chiefly with subjects discussed
in President Wilson's speech of ac
ceptance. The shipping bill was characterized
as "a menace, the sooner removed the
better." The Underwood tariff he
called a measure "that must be undone
'If we are to have, a sure basis Of pros
"perity In this country." He reiterated
that the anti-trust law. Instead of being
clarified by definition, had been made
"I-must say," he declared, referring
to the Democratic party, "after having
read several of their statutes that they
are the most wonderful phrasemakers
Federal Rucrre Act Republican.
The Federal reserve act, the nominee
said, far from being a Democratic meas
ure, pure and simple, was taken in
great part from material supplied by a
Republican commission and a draft of
a Republican bill.
"Whatever salvation from panlo we
have had thus far is due to the en
lightened foresight of the Republicans,"
Mr. Hughes said in connection with the
extension of the Aldrich act during the
threatened financial depression in the
early days of the European war.
The child-labor law, Mr. Hughes said
failed to protect hundreds of thousands
of children at work in various states
under Democratic administration.
"Call the roll 0f states." he said,' "and
you will find that the states where
children are emancipated from too early
labor are Republican states and that
the states where child labor still exists
. are under Democratic control."
Broader Act Required.
The Federal workman's compensation
law, the nominee reiterated, should be
made to protect others than the Federal
employes under Its scope. It should ex
tend to all persons engaged In pursuits
of Interstate commerce.
In outlining Republican policies Mr.
Hughes said he stood for protection of
American rights, a protective tariff, for
the principle of arbitration in indus
trial disputes, the protection of labor,
National resources and "the National
Treasury," for efficiency in Govern
ment and for "a Government according
to the process 0t reasoning.".
In his reference to the shipping bill
and the Underwood tariff. Mr. Hughes
said in part: "There are two acts which
are stated to be aids to business which,
on the other hand, were direct blows to
American business. I will mention the
last of these first, the shipping bill, a
bill which is a menace to American in
dustry. Shipping Industry Menaced.
"It unjustifiably reduces the Govern
ment to the shipbuilding business. It
at this time may be practicable in oper
ation because of the extraordinary con
ditions which preclude the purchase of
ships at normal, prices or the building
of ships in jards already overworked.
But it remains a menace to the shtp
, ping industry and . the sooner that 'aid.
to business' is removed as a menace, of
that great Industry of this country the
better it will be for the shipping In
terests. "Then there is that other 'aid to busi
ness,' which has been so serious a blow
to business. I mean the tariff formu
lated in 1913, which removed the proper
protection needed for the development
of American industry. I have said that
abuses had to a large degree been cor
rected. Governor Phillpp (the chair
man) was good enough to refer to
some efforts that it came to my lot to
put forth in that direction.
Pnblic Interest Supreme.
"I put the flag up in New York that
the public interest was supreme. I
have never , taken that flag down."
Mr. Hughes reviewed the industrial
"What saved the situation?" he asked.
(Concluded on Pago 3, Column 1.1
Canned Goods Soar With Cottons and
Woolens; Women's Shoes Dou
jble; Even Cigar Prices Rise.
CHICAGO. Sept. 20. The cost of living-
this Winter wilf" reach an unpre
cedented scale and will affect every
person. nomatter what object may be
purchased, according to a table of
comp"aratiire prices compiled here to
day. Merchants and producers are vir
tually unanimous in a forecast of fur
ther Increases in prices which already
advanced alarmingly within the last
Food price. It is said, vary accord
ing to quality and quantity, but it is
the small purchaser at retalUwho must
pay most. Wholesalers say canneries
throughout the country have informed
them that Fall and Winter deliveries
will be only one-third normal, while
the last vegetable crop is said to be
nalf tne Quantity expected.
I tannea xruix win do o per
higher and canned vegetables- are ex
pected by wholesalers to increase 410
Ijer cent in price.
Paper bags, in which the housewife
carries ' home her market purchases.
have increased in cost from 95 cents
in wholesale lots to $1.65.- This ad
vance is typical of all paper products.
Cotton goods have advanced between
25 and 35 per centr Woolens have kept
pace with cottons.
The best lines of women's shoes for
Fall and Winter will cost twice as
much as the same article last yeai.
Even collars, that two-for-a-quarter
staple which men have known for gen
erations, will be a thing of the past.
Collars now have been advanced to 15
cents . each,, and the laundries which
havS for years laundered collars "for
2A cents have announced that 3 cents
each Vill be the future cost.
Cigar jobbers raised their prices this
week between $4 and $5 a 1000 to the
SCHOONER INCA IN PERIL
Ctitter Snohomish Leaves Fort An-
' . ' geles to Give Aid.
SEATTLE. Wash, Sept. 20. The
United States coast guard cutter
Snohomish left Port Angeles tonight to
assist the five-masted schooner Inca in
distress off the Umatilla Reef, south of
The .Inca's plight was reported by
the launch - Cleo, which sighted the
schooner's distress signals at 11 o'clock
The Inca is a lumber schooner of 1014
tons gross register, owned by George
E. Billings, of San Francisco. She
was bound from Melbourne to British
Columbia to load lumber for Australia.
ROBIN MAY CAUSE PENALTY
Deserted Nest Shown as Evidence of
Slow Viaduct Work.
To demonstrate how slowly the con
tractors worked on the Union avenue
viaduct. George Edmondstone, special
city engineer, showed the City Council
yesteitday where a robin built its nest
in the framework of the first link of
the structure, laid egge, reared a
family, and deserted the nest before
the first link was completed. He recom
mended that the contractor, Gieblsch
& Joplin. be penalised for delays.
The Council -looked the structure
over yesterday and agreed to accept
it. A total penalty of 1 1600 can be im
posed. COW SAVES WOMAN'S LIFE
Battle Fought With Bull That Nearly
Kills Mrs. C. W. Bearden.
LA GRANDE, Or., Sept. 20. (Spe
cial.) Mrs. C. W. Bearden. of South
La Grande, owes her life to a Jersey
cow. Mrs. Bearden had gone to the out
skirts of La Grande to milk the family
cow, when she was set upon by a de
horned bull from a neighboring pasture.
She was bunted over and her collar
bone broken, and several less serious
wounds 'were inflicted.
Mrs. Bearden explains that she had
given up all hope of rescue, when hei
own cow came ruuning to the scene,
assailed the attacking beast and drove
PEAR INDUSTRY FILMED
Movies Will Show Pictures of Rogue
MEDFORD, Or.. Sept. 20 (Special.)
A. C Allen, district horticulturist.
has recently taken moving pictures of
the pear industry in the Rogue River
Valley which will be shown through
out the country. The pictures show in
detail the growing of pears from the
nursery to the bearing tree.
Mr. Allen - also has taken some
steelhead fishing scenes the last week
which he will endeavor to sell to one
of the -large movjng concerns which
deal specially in weekly event features.
YOUTH DIES IN HARVEST
George Wright Is Killed In Hay Can
yon by Separator.
MORO. Or.. Sept. 20. (Special.)
George Wright, son of Dell H. Wright,
a farmer living east of Wasco in the
Hay Canyon district, was Instantly
killed this morning at the Wolford
Belshe farm in the Monkland section.
He was mangled while placing the
drive belt onto the separator after the
William Mahert machine had finished
i-ovine to a new location.
FIGHT CONTINUES FOR TERMS
Teuton Break in France
November Is Predicted.
ALLIES JOINTLY PUSH ON
Early Series of Offers to Try and
Disrupt Enemies and to Sway
America Anticipated ' by
Writer and Observer. .
BY H. G. WELLS.
(Published by Arrangement With the
New York World. Copyright, 1916.)
LONDON, Sept. 16. In my recent
Journey along the front from the Adri
atic to Arras, I found no question more
abundantly discussed than the question
when the war will end.
My friend. Captain Loyson, of the
French army, makes me declare that
I pledged my reputation as a prophet
that 'the war would end next June. The
opinion I expressed in the glow of Loy
son's festivities was that the Germans
will make a public official bid for peace
before the year is out. probably in
November, and that the allies will get
the peace they want by June.
Higher Authorities Cited.
Since then, an Interviewer Induced
General Brusslloff to Bay that we shall
get our peace In August, which exactly
fits Lord Kitchener's opinion of a three
years" war. My opinion, .however, has
an authority behind it almost as good
as General Brussiloff. It isn't by any
means merely mine.
Now, what are the main factors in
this calculation? Upon the eastern,
western, Italian and Balkan fronts, the
central powers are being beaten. There
may be temporary setbacks, but the
broad fact remains. One cannot go near
the fronts and doubt it. 4
Germans Beaten on Somme.
On the Somme, I have seen it with
my own eyes. ' lhe Germans there are
entirely beaten in the air. They have
lost the advantage of ground along
the whole front of the Somme offensive.
They have been skoved out of lines
they prepared and strengthened for
more than a year and a half, and are
back amidst inferior defenses. They
are often now In hastily made earth
Their officers, as well as the men,
are dispirited and surrender readily.
Their artillery is now overmastered
and. while the allies have their aero
planes as eyes, the German guns are
blind. Also they are outmunitioned.
This, mind you, is upon a front of
their maximum in strength and effort.
What is happening upon the other
fronts the maps and the tales of prison
The calculation of the end of the war
Concluded on Pava 6. Column 1.)
fl C KEEP THE )
lA ft Jl D UHrj-
Jury Is Declared to. Have Ignored
Evidence In Woman's Suit for
$10,000 for Fall.
On the ground that it was "Inhuman
and contrary to the evidence." Circuit
Judge McGinn yesterday set aside &
verdict for $1 damages brought by a
Jury In the suit of Phoebe Brown
against Ezra L Nixon, proprietor of
The Vogue millinery shop at 385 Alder
The young woman applied at the shop
for a position as hatmaker September
13, 1915; was engaged by Mr. Nixon and
told to hang her hat up in an alcove
She walked to the designated place,
stepped into an unnoticed aperture
where steps went to the cellar, and fell
to the basement. She' asked $10,000
damages for her Injuries.
"I am going to set this verdict aside,"
announced Judge McGinn. "If that
woman has been injured at all, she has
been injured to the extent of more
than $1. This is trlflirig. If she hasn't
been injured she isn't entitled to one
cent. This verdict finds that the de
fendant was guilty of negligence and
that his negligence was the cause of
her injury. It isn't Just, it isn't fair, it
isn't human. ,
"Enter the judgment. Mr. Clerk, and
record that the court immediately sets
it aside on the ground that it is in
humane and contrary to the evidence."
VANCOUVER HAS BIG DEAL
St. Elmo Hotel Included In Prop
erty Trade of $200,000. '
VANCOUVER. Wash.. Sept. 20.
(Special.) The" transfer of Vancouver
city property valued at more than $200.
000 was completed yesterday, when
deeds conveying four parcels of busi
ness property in the Vancouver busi
ness district were filed.
Gustav Freiwald. of Portland, was
the grantor and, the new owners are
the Washington Development Co.. a
Dutch corporation. Included in the
deal was the St. 'Elmo Hotel, the Ferry
Hotel building, a two-story brick build
ing. a block of unimproved property
1 at the Seventh-street entrance to Van
WIFE SEES TRAIN KILL
John Smith, Walking With Family,
Is Hurled 2 0 Feet to Death.
John Smith, an employe of the West
Oregon Lumber Company, at Llnnton
was, struck by the Spokane, Portland &
Seattle steamer train near the West
Oregon Company's mill at 6:30 o'clock
last night, and was killed instantly.
Mr. Smith was walking hand in hand
with his wife and one of his children
when the accident occurred. He was
hurled 20 feet, through a cattle guard
and down the railroad embankment.
Deputy Coroner Smith said that' nearly
every bone in the man's body was
broken. Mr. Smith was about 65 yeara
Neutrality Declaration Issued.
LONG BRANCH. N. J.. Sept. 20.
Roumania's entrance into the war call
lng for, another declaration of neu
trality by the United States, President
Wilson signed the document here to
VILLA'S COME TO LIFE AGAIN.
Grants Pass People Are
SPLENDID COUNTRY IS SEEN
Whole Party Marvels at Rich
Variety of Resouroes.
NEW RAILROAD INSPECTED
Excursionists Enjoy Hospitality of
Various Bodies and Delight In
Every Minute of Busy,
BY ADDISON BENNETT.
GRANTS PASS. Or.. Sept. 20. (Spe
cial.) The Portland celebrities wno
journeyed to this beautiful city on the
Rogue via the Southern Pacific have
been today the guests of the city, of
the California & Oregon Coast Rail
road, and some of the time guests or
the Grants Pass Commercial Club.
The latter occasion was on the banks
of Deer Creek, about seven miles east
of Kirbyville. where we partook of a
splendid' lunch. It was so toothsome
and welcome that several of the party
filled their pockets as well as their
Many Sights) Knjoyed.
We took in the County Fair, went
through the sugar beet factory, and
then went over the new railroad as
the guests of President Robert Twohy
and Vice-President R. B. Miller.
But of the details of the trip I will
say nothing now. Let It suffice that
after the railroad ride and automobile
rides of. 90. miles we are now dirty and
happy on the porch of the handsome
home of Vice-President Miller, with
tile .band tooting by my side and a
gi'eat table on the lawn spread with
all the dainties of the season, and it
is with - difficulty we can hold back
Phil Metschan, John Scott and other
heavy eaters until the hosts call time.
" " People Are Optimists.'
The Grants Pass people are a great
lot of optimists. One and all they
seem to think, actually believe, I guess,
that they have the finest town on
earth and the best climate the sun
shines upon. In proof of the latter
they tell that the new sugar beet fac
tory will pay 60 cents per ton more
for beets, than any other similar fac
tory in the world and all because of
the sunshine that puts more sugar in
Well, that sounds good when one
remembers that the growers will have
more tons to the acre than any other
Record Time Is Made.
Getting back to the 42-mile automo
bile ride from Holland here -this after
noon, Mr. Miller, John Carroll and
the writer were the guests and auto
mobile companions of Chauffeur A. E.
(Concluded on Pas 4. Column 2.)
Brush Land in Jackson and Jose
phone Counties Greatest Hazard.
Temperature Is Factor.
SALEM.. Or., Sept, 20. (Special.
Oregon suffered practically no loss
from forest fires this year, according to
State Forester Elliott, despite the fact
that the timbered and brush area
owned by the Government and private
individuals and companies comprises
approximately 22,000,000 acres. The
entire damage from fires, Mr. Ellnit
says, will be less than $i00. Last year
the loss on privately-owned timSer
lands totaled $29,00.
Oregon has 13,125,000 acres within
the National Forests, of which about
10.000,000 acres is commercial timber
land. There are 10,000.000 acres of
privately-owned timber land patroled
by the state and timber owners. In
addition to this area there are approx
imately 2,000,000 .acres of brush land
in the Southern part of the state.
"Most of this brush land is in Jack
son and Josephine Counties and it is
here that the greatest fire hazard ex
ists." said Mr. Elliott. "A total of 114
fires were reported to our office In
July and the first part of August. 52 of
them being in Jackson and Josephine
Counties. These fires were extinguished
without damage of consequence."
One of the reasons for the. greater
frequency of forest fires in Jackson
and Josephine Counties than in other
counties of the state, is said to be the
higher average temperature in those
sections during the Summer' months,
Mr. Elliott said.
FIREMAN HAS CLOSE CALL
Battalion Chief Uolden Almost Falls
Battalion Fire Chief Holden had a
narrow escape from plunging nine
stories from the top of The Oregonian
building to the street pavement last
night during a small fire in a store
house on the too of the building. Chief
Holden was standing on 'the parapet
directing the firemen when he was
struck in the face by a loose end of
hose. He slipped and fell, hovering
for a second over the abyss, but finally
pulled himself safely inside the para
pet. The fire started In the storage-room
on the roof. The cause is believed to
have been a spark from the. chimney.
The firemen quickly extinguished the
DRUNKEN FISHERS IN PERIL
Visitors to Liquor Ship Are Snatched
From Death hy Coast Guards.
ASTORIA, Or.. Sept. 20. The liquor
traffic conducted by the schooner
Tramp nearly cost" the lives of two
fishermen yesterday, when their boat
was snatched from destruction on the
south jetty by Captain Wicklund's life-
savers. Both men were intoxicated to
a point of utter helplessness.
The Coast Guard crew reports that
the Tramp sailed south yesterday.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
rk. W H
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 79
. 1 I a.rMI
uegreeB, " -- -
TODAY'S Fair; northwesterly winds.
Senator Stone denies surrender to ferce In
i .- i.ci.l.ilnn. Pare 5.
eiR :luu -" -
Presldenfs atand on prohibition is made
Usue In California. Page 8.
Governor Johnson controls California Repub-
UCtt 11 X wb.."-.
yir Hughes takes stand xor unmncmns
policy to protect Amcntiu riauio. r ao .
Med ford Hushes alliance launches campalsn
i.t. 1. .. . m mK.tx Pal. 0.
Whitman apparently nominee. Doth of Re
publicans ana rruRicMiia ..w, .
Germans deliver hard counter attacks on
Somme. ftge o.
Great battle btlng wased In Dobrudja.
n uni ultimatum to Berlin Pass T.
War's end In June. 1U17. Is forecast by ob
server, rasi .
Britain has test equipped army in world,
says Lord Derby. page 3.
Million Chinese made homeless by flood,
ci.h.. r.nwed In New York. Page 6.
Cost of living- (on to new high levels.
pacmc coast "flB . , ......... . ... . . -.
Oakland 3; Los Angeles 4. San Francisco
1; Vernon lu, ciu xto
Jcss -Willard comes today with Sells-Floto
1 TavA 1R ...
Phillies win two games from PRtsburg and
gain on Brooklyn. Page 18.
Red Sox triumph over contenders, beating
jjetroii. - 1 " "
Portland excursionists are given big wel
come at Grants Pass. Page 1.
Rogue River valley expects little benefit
from rural credits law. Page 10.
All is ready at Pendleton for opening of
T..... ,1 -tin Pasti 5
Scientist and mariner win three-day battle
Wltn angry itnu -n a.
Governor launches Washington County
Fair. Page 8.
Total forest fire loss In Oregon this year
reported less than S500. Page 1.
" Commercial and Marine.
Rapid advance In California hop market.
Chicago wheat fluctuations due to Rou
manian war news. Page S3.
Advance lo Wall-street stocks slows down.
Schooner Geo. E. Billings la back. Page 20.
Portland and Vicinity.
Southern Pacific head says shippers can
help relieve car shortage. Page 1.
Judge McGinn sets aside verdict given
woman for fall. Page 1.
E. E. Miller denies conspiracy In transfer
of water rights. Page 15.
Intent to defraud held necessary to convict
Homer Ford of forgery. 13.
Firemen ask investigation and report by
city on double platoon system. Page 13.
Portland Realty Board will discuss high
way problems at luncheon today.
Interstate Bridge .Commission gives fran
chise to P. R., U. P. Company to
cross new structure. Page 10.
Business letters brought to court to show
existence of cement trust. Page 9.
Weather rcj)(irt, data and forecast. Page 10,
Fast Handling of Cars
HEARING IS LIVELY AT TIMES
'Northern' Rail Lines Planning
Interchange of Traffic.
PORTLAND TO BE GATEWAY
Object Is to Provide Greater Market
for AYillumette Valley Mills,
Says President of South
ern Pacific Railway.
The Oregon Public Service Commis
sion's investigation of the Western
Oregon car shortage yesterday revealed
that the shippers, as well as the rail
roads, can aid materially in relieving
William Sproule, president of the
Southern Pacific, who was on the stand
a greater part of the afternoon, told
in what manner the railroad is plan
ning to give relief. .
His most important revelation was
that the Southern Pacific traffic de
partment now is arranging with the
Northern Pacific, Great Northern and
other so-called "northern" lines for an
interchange of traffic through the
Large Market la Object.
This plan, he explained, is not de
signed so much to relieve the car
shortage as it is to provide a greater
market for the Willamette Valley.
It was the opinion of Mr. Sproule and
of other Southern Pacific officials thac
the shippers are, in a measure, to blame
for the existing shortage on account
of their unneessary delays in loading
and unloading cars.
The question of efficiency was tin-
der discussion at frequent intervals,
but was emphasized because of its ab
sence in the lumber movement and not
because of Its presence.
"Efficiency Expert Considered.
This situation may lead the Com
mission to consider seriously the ap
pointment of an "efficiency expert" to
co-operate with the railroad and th
shippers in the distribution, loading
and unloading of cars.
The hearing yesterday gave the rail
roads a chance to explain the existing
shortage and the circumstances that
caused it. Officials of the Southern Pa
cific were particular to assert, though.
that their statements were to be ac
cepted as an explanation rather than
as an apology.
The rail officials also emphasized
the tremendous increase in business in
Western Oregon during the present
year, the lumber traffic alone show
ing a gain of 14,552 cars in six months.
The lumber manufacturers and otier
shippers will have their inning today.
Only one of their number testified yes
terday. He was Charles MCGowau.
manager of the EwaunaBox Company,
of Klamath Falls. Mr. McGowan's com
pany has been suffering severely from
the car shortage. He complained, too.
that his competitors are getting better
car service than he.
Dally Capacity 10 Cars.
The Kwauna plant, running day and
night, has a capacity of nearly 10 cars
a day. This year it has contracts with
California fruit growers for approxi
mately 1200 carloads of box snooks. In
ability of the Southern Pacific to pro
vide cars has resulted in serious loss
of business. Some orders have been
canceled and much new business has
Under normal conditions the plant
would have shipped 160 cars a month
since the first of May. The actual ship
ments were May. 116 cars; June. 100
cars; July, 116 cars; August. 134 cars.
The difference between these figures
and 160 cars per month represent a
dead Toss to the company.
Mr. McGowan said the Klamath Man
ufacturing Company, whose production
is only half the volume of the Ewauna
plant, is getting as many cars as he Is.
Ben C. Dey," general attorney for the
Southern Pacific, insisted that the prac
tice of the railroad in providing cars
is to distribute them pro rata accord
ing to the orders. Mr. McGowan drew
the conclusion that the Klamath mill
Is ordering more cars than it needs,
with the expectation of meeting its
actual needs, while he is ordering only
his actual needs and getting fewer than
Actual Needs May Govern.
Members of the Commission sug
gested that the railroad endeavor to
determine the actual needs of the ship
pers and be governed thereby as well
as by the volume of the car orders.
J. H. Dyer, assistant general man
ager for the Southern Pacific, ex
plained that this practice already has
been inaugurated and will be followed
even more generally in the future.
Insinuations that the Southern Pa
cific discriminates in its car distribu
tions in favor of California shook
makers further enlivened Mr. Mc
Gowan's testimony. He said that the
California Pine Box & Lumber Com
pany is able to make deliveries when
his plant is not. and that its salesmen
frequently tell their customers that the
Ewauna plant is unable to get cars.
At the morning session W. R. Scott,
operating vice-president of the South
ern Pacific, informed the Commission
that the shortage at the Ewauna plant
' (Concluded on Pag 12, Columa 1.)