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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 30, 1916)
VOL. Li VI. NO. 17,271.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, MARCH 30, 191C.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BERLIN IS HEAR
Wilson Stung to Action by
GIRL, 7, AT PLAY ON
EXTENSION OF $8.64
TRAINS FATAL TO 3D
$100,000 FOR ROAD
BOND ISSUE IS TO BUILD 18
MILES OF RAILWAY.
0.1 B. 8 11. TO PUT
MILLIONS INTO LIE
RAFT, IS DROWNED
MR. AXD MUS. GEORGE VAHIS
OF CANADA FAILS
VOX PAPENS AGENT REVEALS
DETAILS OF CONSPIRACY.
DAVGUTElt IS VICTIM.
All WASHINGTON IS AMAZED
Seeming "Running Amuck" by
German Submarines Has
v Not Been Explained.
CABINET IS CONSULTED
Determination Expected to
Have Direct Effect on
Policies of Neutrals.
BT JOHN CALLAX O'LAUGHLIK.
WASHINGTON, March 29. (Spe
cial.) The United States is perilously
close to a break in diplomatic rela
tions with Germany.
So often has the cry "wolf" been
raised that the public has become cyn
ical, even indifferent, in every new
crisis that has arisen. It can be said
positively, however, in view of the de
struction of unarmed merchantmen in
the German "war zone" about the
British Isles, that the President ha3
made up his mind to appear before
Congress, recite the efforts he has
made to secure observance of interna
tional law and the assurances given
him by the German government, and
the violations of American rights and
the assurances by German subma
rines, and announce his purpose to re
call Ambassador Gerard and dismiss
Count von Bemstorff, the German
Ambassador. ., -
Drastic Measures Intended.
These drastic measures can be
avoided only by the complete aban
donment by Germany of her campaign
The President's decision is based on
the outrages perpetrated upon these
The unarmed Channel steamer Sus
sex, which was torpedoed wfthout
warning and several Americans in
The steamer Englishman, which
was shelled by a German submarine
while attempting to escape, and tor
pedoed, one American being killed.
The Manchester Engineer, which;
according to the official report, was
torpedoed without warning.
Berlin Defense Forecast.
Ambassador Gerard has been di
rected to ascertain whether the Ger
man government has any information
in regard to the attacks on the three
vessels named. It is assumed that in
the case of the Sussex and the Man
chester Engineer, no submarines hav
ing been seen, the Berlin authorities
will deny submarine attacks. In the
case of the Englishman, the action of
the submarine will be defended on the
ground that the vessel attempted to
The submarines had the right to
use force to compel the British ship to
stop, but should it be shown that the
vessel was fired on after she stopped
and no measures taken to permit the
removal of the crew before the fatal
'orpedo was discharged, the incident
will be similar to that of the Italian
liner Ancona, which almost precipi
tated a break in relations with Aus
Evidence Points to Torpedo.
All the evidence collected regarding
the Sussex bears out the first reports
that the vessel was attacked by a Ger-
rnan submarine. Only the mercy of
Providence prevented the ship from
going down at once with all on board.
The same Consul who cabled the sad
news about the Lusitania reports that
the Manchester Engineer was torpe
doed without warning. It is true that
his information is "hearsay," and in
order to secure corroboration, he has
leen directed to forward affidavits of
persons on board.
The State Department has been of
ficially advised by the American Con
sul at Queenstown that the British
steamer Eagle Point was torpedoed
without warning and the gravity of
the international situation has been
Officials Are Astonished.
Responsible officials express them
selves as amazed, to put it mildly,
over the manner in which the German
- tCvnciuucd. ou Fajc J, column 1.)
Versions of Playmates as to How
Accident Occurred Vary Story
of riayful Shove Doubted.
Arlcy Vahl, the 7-ycar-old daughter
of Mr. and Mrs. George F. Vahl. 1237
East Seventeenth street North, fell Into
Columbia Slough near the foot of East
Twenty-first street North and was
drowned early lest night. The body
was recovered late last night.
With a crowd of other small chil
dren. the Vahl elrl was playing on a
raft tied to the shore. No one saw the
accident except the children, and their
accounts differ. Most of them agree
that the child slipped and fell from the
raft. Arley's cousin, Evelina, Insists
that the fall was the result of a play
ful shove from a companion. Relatives
of the children are inclined to think
that this version is a mistake, due to
Although the water is only four feet
deep at the place the girl was drowned,
great difficulty was experienced in. lo
cating the body. A party under the
supervision of Patrolman Schmldtke
was dragging the water soon, after the
accident, and the Police Automobile
left for the scene in charge of Harbor
Patrolman Powell., The girl is sur
vived by her parents and a small
1167 REGISTERED IN DAY
Question of Swearing In Deputies
Presented to District Attorney.
Registration . continues heavy and
yesterday 1167 voters signed the ros
ter at the Courthouse, bringing the
total registration for the year to 45,782.
By party affiliations, the totals are
as follows: Republican, 32.849; Demo
crat. 9304; Independent, 1590; Prohib
bitionist, S64; Socialist, 537; Progres
sive, 4 3S.
County Clerk Coffey yesterday asked
District Attorney Evans for an opin
ion covering the deputizing of assist
ant county clerks for emergency regis
tration measures the first of next
month. Whether all deputies-to-be
must appear at the County Clerk's of
fice to be sworn in, or if they can be
sworn in outside the office by deputies
sent out is the puzzling question. Mr.
Evans had not looked up all the au
thorities last night, but thought it
possible that the new deputies would
have to be sworn in at the office of
the County Clerk.
ONE-TERM BILL OFFERED
Bryan's Krlend Says Wilson Not
Pledged to Principle.
WASHINGTON, March 29. Repre
sentative Bailey, of Pennsylvania, one
of the close friends of W. J. Bryan in
the House, introduced a resolution to
day to increase the Presidential term
to six years, with a one-term limit.
In a statement, Mr. Bailey said the
Democratic party and President Wilson
had been unjustly criticised in connec
tion with the single-term plank of the
Baltimore platform and pointed out
that Mr. Wilson did not pledge himself
to one term, but merely was pledged
by the convention to the principle.
INNESES TO BE EXTRADITED
Georgia Officers Go to Texas to Re
ATLANTA, Ga., March 29. Governor
Harris today received assurances from
Governor Ferguson, of Texas, that Vic
tor E. Innes and his wife would be ex
tradited to Georgia, and officers left
for San Antonio tonight to bring them
Innes and his wife were acquitted on
murder charges at San Antonio and
told Governor Ferguson that they
feared mob violence if they were re
turned to Georgia to answer indict
ments for larceny after trust.
PASSENGERS SEE AIR FIGHT
German and British Fleets Battle
HALIFAX. N. S.. March 29. Pas
sengers arriving here today on the
steamship Andania told of having seen
a thrilling air battle between a fleet
of German aerial raiders and several
British aeroplanes when the Andania
was passing Deal, England.
One of the German planes, it Is said,
flew directly over the steamship. The
Andania continued on her course with
the opposing fleets still battling In
CHILD'S DEATH DUE TO CAT
Fatal Case of Anthrax Traced to
Family Pet in Kansas.
ABILENE. Kan., March 29. Anthrax,
according to physicians, was respon
sible for the death of Paul Lloyd, the
8-year-old son of Garfield IJoyd, a
machinist here, who was burled today.
The child was ill for two months and
specialists announced he had con
tracted the disease playing with the
family cat. Several operations vert
performed in attempts to thwart the
Albany Appeals Against Embargo.
ALBANY, Or., March 29. (Special.)
Fearing that the embargo of Great
Britain on dried and canned fruit will
prevent the advantageous marketing of
Oregon's fruit crop this year, the Al
bany Commercial Club has addressed
resolutions to Oregon's Senators and
Representatives in Congress. Every ef
fort to lift thi3 embargo is urged.
Wage for All Women
EMPLOYERS ARE TO BE HEARD
Laundries Fear Disaster if
Scale Is Raised.
HELP ASKS FOR LESS REST
Investigation Committee of Welfare
Body Studies "Over Phases of
Problems, but Makes Ko Fl '
nal Report to Board. .
A minimum wage of $8.64 a week for
all adult women workers of the state
Is favored by members of the investi
gating committee recently appointed by
the Industrial Welfare Commission.
While the committee has made no
formal decision on the subject, it was
considered informally at various times
at the session yesterday afternoon and
individual expressions of opinion indi
cated that a majority of the committee
favors this figure. However, before
any recommendations are made to the
commission itself, all interested persona
will be heard.
Kxtennlon Considered Likely.
Unless the committee becomes im
pressed with the idea that to place the
minimum wage at 18.64 will work un
bearable hardship on some of the in
dustries of the state, it is nrnhahle
that this figure, which now is paid to
women employed in manufacturing es
tablishments, will be granted to women
employed in all other occupations.
Arthur C. Callan, a representative of
the employers on the committee, de
clared that an $8.64 wage may be dis
astrous for some of the laundrli-a.
which, he said, now are operating on a
narrow margin of profit. They, are at
present paying a minimum of $8.23.
Outline of Probe Stndlrd.
The committee yesterday devoted its
attention largely to a consideration of
a series of Questions' nrnnni vv
Father E. .V. O'Hara, chairman of the
industrial, welfare body. These ques
tions were submitted on request of
Everett Ames, a member of the com
mittee, who, at previous sessions, had
pressed the Commission for a definite
outline" of the work that the investi
gators are expected to perform.
These questions were presented in
typewritten form to. the commute
members as follows:
1. Whether ten hours a day is ' ex
cessive for women -.workers and what
are reasonable daily hours? This ques
tion is not Intended to involve the dis
cussion of weekly hours.
2. Whether $8.25 a week is a living
wage for a self-supporting woman In
Portland and whether the wage rate of
$8.64 a week now in force in manufac
turing establishments should not be ex-
(Concluded on Page 20, Column 2.)
l 1 . , ftv k . ; in i i . x i . i I i 1
j ' 1
I 1 v , .T77...
Assistants Not of German Birth,
but Pro-German Because of
Their Hatred for England.
NEW TORK, March 29. A military
expedition to Invade Canada, which was
halted by. the failure of a Buffalo, N. T
lawyer to appear at a time agreed on
with an "organized firing squad," It
was said tonight, was part of an al
leged conspiracy to violate the neutral
ity. of the United States on which the
agents of the Department of Justice are
working secretly In connection with, the
return here yesterday from England of
Horst von der Golta. '
Von der Golta. who, it Is said, asserts
he was a trusted agent of Captain von
Papen, former German military attache
in this country, was questioned at
length today by United States District
Attorney Marshall and his assistant,
Roger B. Wood.
Von der Goltz, according to Captain
William Off ley, chief of the local bu
reau of the Department of Justice, told
an impressive tale of plot and counter
plot'. - - . i
Von dor Goltz is quoted as having
said .he was supplied by persons in
volved In the alleged plot here with
plans and diagrams for the destruction
of Canadian property. He Is said to
have asserted that his assistants, while
pro-German, were not of German de
scent, but were actuated by hatred of
YOUNG BRITONS ENLISTING
Youths of 1 9 Appear at Recruiting
Offices In Large Numbers.
LONDON, March 29. The last class
of unmarried men, those who have
reached the age of 19 since their at
testation, appeared in large numbers
at recruiting offices today to' Join the
There is now only one proclamation
out in connection with enlistments. It
calls on the first eight groups of mar
ried men to present themselves on
April 7. This is the proclamation which
has caused so much dissatisfaction
throughout the country, it being felt
that all single men who are evading
service in various ways should be
called up before the married men are
compelled to serve.
WILSON REFUSES PARDON
Wife's Plea Fails In Case of Spokane
3Iining Promoter. .
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. - March 29. (Special.) Presi
dent Wilson today, declined to pardon
G. Belden, of Spokane, now serving a
one-y'ear term at ' McNeil's Island for
misuse of the malls in connection with
a mining stock promotion scheme.
It became known today that Mrs.
Belden had a personal interview with
the President about a' month ago in
her husband's behalf, but the President
declined to grant a pardon, on recom
mendation of the Attorney-General.
Seaplane Ascends 16,072 Feet. .
PENSOCOLA, Fia., March 29. Lieu
tenant R. C. Sailfley, of the Navy Aero
nautic Corps, late today established
what naval station authorities declared
to be a new world's altitude record for
a hydroplane, when he ascended 16,072
WATCH CONGRESS WHEN WOODROW "PASSES
- A A
30 Fv fnigh.
ONE COMES OUT UNSCATHED
Limited Plows Through Two
Sections of Flyer.
THREE . INQUIRIES BEGUN
New York Central lias One of Most
Disastrous Wrecks in Its
History Passengers Aid
in Work of Rescue.
CLEVELAND, March 29. With a toll
of at least 30 persons dead and 40 or
more injured. Federal and state offi
cials and officials of the railroad com
pany have begun an investigation into
the cause which early today led to one
of the most disastrous wrecks In the
history of the New York Central sys
tem. Three trains, including the Twentieth
Century Limited, westbound, the New
York Central's palatial flyer, and two
sections of No. 86, known as the Chl-cago-Plttsburg
came together In collision near Am
herst. O., 37 miles west of Cleveland.
Three Trains in Debris.
Reports credited were that the first
and second sections of No. 86 were pro
ceeding at a rapid rate, and at some
points were only a mile or so apart.
When the second section crashed into
the first section, the Twentieth Cen
tury plowed into the wreckage of the
first two trains, which bulged over
from the parallel tracks, and. the three
were thrown together into a mass of
The coaches and the engines of No.
86 were toppled over and wreckage was
piled 30 feet high. Two cars were
smashed to junk. Fourteen" coaches
. One Train Almost- Unscathed. . .
The Twentieth Century emerged al
most unscathed and proceeded on its
westward Journey, its passengers un
injured except for a severe shaking up.
A heavy fog from Lake Erie had settled
down over Northern Ohio. This, with
the alleged failure of a towerman to
do his duty under the rules, was as
cribed by some of the railroad officials
as the cause of the disaster. The tower
man, it was said, had been without
sleep most of the time since Sunday
night, his wife being ill and requiring
his attention when ho was not on duty,
When the half-dozen investigations
already under way have been concluded
the blame will be fixed. .
Official Exculpates Towerman.
W. F. Schaff, district superintendent
of the New York Central lines, said to
"The towerman can have nothing to
do with the cause of this wreck. The
(Concluded on Page 6, Column 1.)
ily Ono Ballot in 33 6 Is Cast
Against Measure Big Business
Boom Expected to Result.
PRINEVILLE, Or., March 29. (Spe
cial.) By a, practically unanimous
vote at a special election held there
Tuesday the city council was author
ized to issue $100,000 of municipal
bonds to construct a standard gauge
railroad from the city of Prineville
to the main line of the Oregon Trunk
Railroad, 18 miles west.
There were 355 votes for the bond
issue, and only one against it.
The city is also authorized to lease
the rails and rolling stock from the
railroads now using the Deschutes
canyon. A corporation will be formed
to build the railroad under contract
from the city and to operate it under a
The building of the road is hailed
as a harbinger of luck to this city,
for Prineville is expected to again be
come the distributing center of the
great country east of here, the busi
ness from which, in the days before
the railroads came up the Deschutes,
made Prineville the business center of
all Central Oregon.
SHERMAN NOT IN RACE
Colonel Roosevelt Also Keeps Out of
HELENA, Mont.. March 29. Senator
Sherman, of Illinois, has withdrawn
his name from the preferential ballot
in Montana as a candidate for the Re
publican nomination for President. This
leaves the field in Montana to Senator
Cummins, of Iowa, and Edward Ran
dolph Woods. Senator Sherman's action
is to keep from splitting the Republican
A telegram was received from Colonel
Roosevelt today by Secretary of State
"I hereby direct that you do not per
mit myjiame to be placed on any ticket
in a Alontana primary."
PLANS SENT BACK AGAIN
Blue Prints of Postofflce Expected
to Be Ready in 10 Days.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, March 29. Plans for the new
Portland Postofflce building were re
turned to the supervising architect to
day, with corrections made by Architect
Hobart at San Francisco.
They are being checked up a second
time and if they are found satisfactory.
If the Government printing office can
get out the specifications promptly and
if no unforeseen obstacles are encount
ered, the plans ought to be placed on
the market in about ten days.
MORNING FROST PREDICTED
Weather Man Says, However, Today
Will Be Fair.
More 'fair weather is on the calendar
for today, and no doubt if you will
look closely enough there is frost on
the ground this morning.
After giving Portland a sumptuously
fair day yesterday, with 10 hours and
35 minutes of sunshine out of a possi
ble 12 hours and 36 minutes, the weath
er man cleared the sky for the night
and opened the way for a comparative
ly heavy frost.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 62
degrees; minimum, 34 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair, with heavy frost tn early
morning; easterly winds.
Anti-British plot to Invade Canada unfolded
to Secret Service men. Page 1.
Conscription of married men is up to British
caDinet. Page 3.
Germans gain footing in village near Ver
dun. Page. 8.
Twenty killed In German air raid on Sa-
lonikl; Greeks are aroused. Page 8.
Carranza grants use of railroad to supply
troops pursuing villa. Page 4.
Break with Berlin near. Page 1.
Assistant Secretary Roosevelt advocates
building eight capital ehlpa for Navy at
once. Page 2.
Embalmer of dentist's poison victim Is mUs
ing still. Page 2.
Thirty killed In collision of three trains.
Women college workers" association presi
dent, accused or rraud. page 2.
Gulsto will prove phenom, declares McCre-
dle. Page 16.
Aggies choose team for Indoor meet.
Harstad and Noyes fan 10 Winter Leaguer.
Baltimore Federals sue organized baseball
lor SJOO.OOO. Page 17:
Strikers' plan to tie up Northern Pacific
trains la foiled. Page .
Governor replies to critics. Page 6. .
Prineville votes 8100,000 for railway con
nection. Page 1.
Wlnlock hears "Farmer Smith." Page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Shortage of paper in Vnlted States may be
followed by actual famine. Page 21.
Chicago wheat weakened by shipping in of
Canadian grain, i'age -1.
Wall-street stork market irregular and pro
fessional. Page 21.
Flour cargo saver from freshet. Page 20.
Portland and Vicinity.
Wells-Fargo Express Company changes Port
land agent. Page 12.
Goorge W. Bates left f 600,000 estate.
Husband charges vampire-like plot for prop
erty, page J. ....
City Council grants hearing in sewer fraud
charges. Page -O.
O.-W. R. & X. sets aside fS. 650,000 for Im
provements. Page i.
Manual Training Supervisor Kerchen replies
to charges. Page 8.
Portland leads Seattle Y. M. C. A. Page 9.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 21.
Extension of $8.64 minimum for women
favored. Page 1.
Oregon political gossip. Page 5, . . .. i
$3,650,000 Set Aside
PROJECTS STARTED AT ONCE
Heavy Rails Replacing Old
Ones Will Cost $250,000.
STEEL BRIDGES ORDERED
Grade Crossings in Portland Ono
$500,000 Item and Others Pro
vide for Vale Extension and
for St. Johns Tunnel.
Expenditures authorized by the O.-W.
R. & N. Company, in addition to the
normal improvements, for the present
year aggregate $3,650,000.
The budget carrying these appropria
tions was approved at a conference in
California last week between J. L.
Farr'ell, president of the company, and
Robert S. Lovett, chairman of the
Union Pacific systtem.
When Mr. Farrell returned to Port
land early this week ho ordered work
on the various improvements author
ized in the budget to proceed. Some
of the work, in fact, already had been
under way pending formal approval of
Vale Extension Provided for.
The detailed expenditures as contem
plated in Mr. Farrell's budget are as
null renewals. 112 miles 9
Shop improvements and tools, Al-
Concrfle' ' "lining ' ' North Portland
Elimination grade crossings
Completion Vale extension from
Riverside to Harrlnian. Or
Bridfje renewals, miscellaneous....
passing track extensions
TI15 tm povJding .fox.'rail-renewal
will be applied to various parts of th
line between Portland and Huntington.
The company is seeking to replace all
its old and lighter rails with 90-pound
steel. When this project is completed
Hre O.-W. R. & N. main line will
have been equipped with 90-pound rails.
St. Johns Tunnel Being Lined.
The shop improvements at Alblna
cover various parts of the company'
shops and repair plants there, includ
ing the installation of some new ma
chinery. Work on the concrete lining for the
St. Johns tunnel now is under way. A.
Guthrie & Co.. of Portland, has the
contract. This tunnel was completed
five years .go and lined with timbers.
The earth around it now has had ample
time to settle and the concrete lining
Us intended as a permanent improve
ment. As soon as it Is completed the
main line trains now operating through
Sullivan's Gulch will run through the
tunnel pending the grade crossing elim
inations in the gulch.
Croaslnsra to Coat aSOO.OOO.
The company has appropriated J500.
000 for the grade crossing work during '
the present year. This development is
being carried forward Jointly with the
city. While it is anticipated that the
company's share of the cost will be
somewhat in excess of the sum appro-,
priated. it is anticipated that the work
cannot be completed within the year
and that another appropriation can bi
made for the work to be done next
Line changes costing $250,000 have
been provided for on various parts of
the system. Some of these changes
will be coincident with the rail renew
als on the main line, particularly on
that portion of it through the Blue
Mrskarn Proposal Meets Approval.
The Central Oregon extension, which
ha3 been under way for the last four
years, is provided for with an appro
priation of J920.000. This work is un
der contract to Twohy Brothers, of
Portland. It is intended to complete tho
line this year to Harrlman, a point near
Crane Creek Gap, in the Harney Valley.
This will be the western terminus of
Directors of the Union Pacific system
intended originally to build this road,
which connects with the old line at
Vale, on the east, to Bend, the present
terminus of the Central Oregon line.
but they have concluded that for the
present they will allow the terminal to
remain at Harrlman. They are In sym
pathy, however, with the project of
Robert Strahorn to connect all exist
ing lines in Central Oregon. If the
Strahorn enterprise is carried to con
clusion the O.-W. R. & N. system will
have an adequate means of operating
through service between the Bend line
and the Vale-Harriman line.
Steel Bridges Contemplated.
Miscellaneous bridge renewals on
various parts of the system will cost
$200,000. This work consists of re
placing existing wooden bridges with
new ones and of putting in a number of
small steel bridges at various points.
. Passing track extensions will be built
at several places on the main line to
accommodate the growing volume of
traffic. These extensions are built, in
almost every instance, with a view of
utilizing them eventually as parts of
the double-track system. Eventually, i
is proposed to double track the entire
main line of the O.-W. R. ft N system.