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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 23, 1915)
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r.vrM4aU;H, K. J. li.-ao-i
f-OalLAM. Ttll B-'laI. DMT. M. Uli
om orrorrrtT o th
At tlm whsn war coni.llor. have
mui aa amosal tf i-ipOui: Uc la
t'c.'tsl Jrats-a. th grow lonna-
of which th Conm!ilOP.r tf .Vi
twa (tuaoucro lirrt la
couarr'a hutorr. Aaaitoutritlun
tffe lfct t.". tiomrnr.t ltitt
ii'MOLO') la Amru.a-but:t tilp.
Hies b ua4 a uu:urlc
la war o4 oca Unr la
T w Tork tc!c l"vt ta:
:Ma month r tar rr -pr-
a n.-a-r'la mfv:oAal
;iis usoa our ifwii. tuUay tr
tn mor tha tSi.- s:h oo-fourth
mu-h I'ABJin ta Btlr Antrl-
ca lorui at tb ttr.ti:cc
j irii on Lta IUrJ.
On-f;r.! of th cl bow bull4
Ir.g u for forljra tr-l. lha rrninJr
fcin for eoitl trJ. tut many
of ti B cotl l rfp'-ic
otior oIch ta bon trrfrr4 lo
forvic Mrrlc an 1 ar thmtra
U aUpt4 t or:n a U col
Im urric. W ar ir-Jr pnxlao
a eoojldrab! eamtf of MP to
maa rovxl tha !nocici cra4 br
tti war. TI crtttcUra t' b nuJ on
h.pa BOW bu!t!tr: U that t!T
clul n tft IIimm aartt aa would
b B:ry to r-irrr malt. ia.wn
r aol fa.t frifit to forvtcn port,
la !U iub! pimphUt on -CKn
r;ippin. pubV.ft4 in Nonmlnr. tha
NaUocai Foreign Trarfa Couarlt atatra
that tftra r then balUIlcc a ArnrrU
cn yr'i e!hty-i atoarnora of tha
followtrc tjp: Tn:y-tx norJ
rga, thr bulk carco. Bin ruUlcra.
f )rty oil tnit. four lumber. thra mo.
Ui t.Bk an4 oca ora tArnr.
btrif tha which U propo!
tit tho liounimtiit bull! wou!4 bo
eMr.y ft mall IInr. ar.4 ainca nona
of tfct typa ara bui:.!tnc. It U a fair
lnfrm- that tha AJmlnlatrmtion'a
pUe h drr4 prtvata capital
from citrtct that fttM.
harmony with thoaa of Europe. Tha
rmt4 htata la tha only country hr.
Ir. r.o compulsory JoaJ lino for ihlp:
con;urntly hila our hl; carry It
rr crnt mora careo than Kr'.Usn
htpa. thry are pcnatuvd In hither ln-
uracca ralra. American ahlpa ara
for4 by limitation of liability for
la far bolow that lncurre-1 by Hrlt
lh aMpnwnera. When American Ihlpi
ara lcuprtvl. It l rccraaary to dt
charc I hem completely and draw tha
flrea. nhich cauara coaciy drtentlo
that U not IncurrtJ unfer Prltlah law,
American It require tha bydroatatlc
teat for boiler. Thta la coatly. dan
aeroua and unnareaaarlly rlRld. It ac
toally weaken tha boiler, reduce I
term of Ufa anl la rarely applied
without arclJar.ta. which cua great
xper.a and detention of tha ahlp.
C!rctimta,n.-ea ara extremely for
abia to tha development of tha ahlp
butldiRC Iclo-ntry In tha United 5tate.
Kevtval of tha: Industry becaa with
tha revtt of tha Ny In the "0.
whlrh aa n locer.tUa to opetitnc
f hlpardJ. but tftey wara orcacUed
far cairal roixt ruction, ta preclaa
method of which) trnpoeed a hay
a.i li'.ioa to coal of carco ahtpa. Over
head chare were aLo much heavier
tha la E-aropa. Iurvhar of h!p
la Great prltoua pay coat of labor and
material plu IS pr Cent for over
fce.J charcea and ! Pr cent profit.
Trt the l'nltJ fcare overhead cnat haa
en a h:r a. per rent, with no
Ctoetsi-e for profit. CK-ean hlp
pin (ive era "bfor and after"
the war r:"re. Ia 191 a ahlp whlrh
wa bnllt at iilfa.t at a cut of II.
l.t:t u dtpM.-ated In tha tr.lted
fitaCca for ll.ltf.1 and tha Ameri
ca:! bolMera loot money, la recant
mnth fierl carir' b"4t have coet
Hi to 4 a ton la ;f,fi firttaln.
to lit la the t'rlt.l States
Amerii-an ahlp ar f'.ni.h4 with a
cratr decrea cf thureu(hne than
tno of ether nation. and have a
higher ataaiiard of marine enrtneer
tnc There ara is that American
ahipbuil lera Intend to apply the theory
that. Amert-n htvtnx un-lerbld the
world la erortira ata bulldmr. they
rr do tha aam with eMpx. CHen
The createet handicap to America
hip I the hl.her Kt coat, not or.ly
du to m higher ara! but to the lrl
requirement of a larrer number
men In jme department. A com
paratfve table of tha payroll of th
iir'.tlJh iMj Nlr.un and tha American
hip Hawaiian ih" each to employ
forty-four men. but tha Nlr.lan'a pay
roil i 11)4111 a month to th lia-
wallaB'a 1321. Tha Molaa a dec
crew larger ty n lamp trimmer
and two boy, but tha ecirlne and fir.
room crew on tha Hawaiian la larrer
by three wa:er tender, who are not
required br IirllUft law. thourh th
i:mlh hia ha a donkey-enctr.a ma
additional. In the ateward'a depart
ment In Hawalun ha an additional
boy. Added to theea extra expenje
are three Impoeed by the eeamen
Uv, which w have frequently de-
The reentry "ft of 1I prmltted
:ijnton of tha law rcqulrlnr tha
or.'U-er b clt ena of tha United
StA'.. a law which ha r.o para'.Ie
amoec the chief ehlppicr nation.
Apparently It l deelcncd fo protect
American aeafar.nc men from foremen
competition and to enur that the
L'nlted State aha!! have ikiUed men
available to man It ahlpa In time of
war. In practice tht law prevent
operation of hlp under th American
f'.c and tha promote th very com
petition It I rt-s!rnd to prevent. In
onler to provide a reeerva of aeamen.
we mtffht well follow the example of
llritatn. That country hx a Itoyal
Naval fteerv which "TomI Shipping'
rata "la a aort of militia composed
entirely of aeamen. offleera and nl
neera rerutarly employed in th Brit
ish merchant aenrlce. and generally
In the finest class of psftenger liner.
Th restriction on employment of for
eign officer tntght well be repealed
except aa to men who are enrolled In
the Naval reserve, subject to th call
of the Government, and tha owner
of ahlpa emptoylr.g such men might
be compensated without raisloa; any
question of subsidy.
Th facta go to show that we are
well on the way to eltmlQat the dif
ference in coat which baa prevented
u from building ship and that we
need only to amend Jh laws In the
particular describe! In order to en
able American to operate ship a
cheaply aa any cation. Instead of
builJing ships, th Government should
remove the lecnl obstacle to private
building and operation of ships.
ARC TOIT 8 INT Ct-ltS?
ei m.:t . r'..'
rn ' hem.t be APf.
1 r r
t) .'ie44.iin tn4 tetry la la;e
la fact, the cu!:!-r of steel ship
ha sow attained about th same po
sition a (hat of wooden ship held
la th early year cf th republic, tx
ttivre of efturvliet timber cl"ea at
hand enabled tft sWil'ed craftsmen of
th Atlantic toaa( to build te fa
moo clipper ship sr. t won for AmtrC
ran shipowners th supremacy la th
American rrrrtng trt Is. P'tween
lljj and l'O trn ban to supplant
wooden ship. llritatn wo then su
preme la the Iron and stsel ln.t-i.trr.
which was la Its lr. fancy In th Called
State and Germany. Consequently
lirltain regained the supremacy la
sajpptmc an.j th den tin of the Amer.
merchant marine wo hastened
by t nvil War. Th t nlte4 fHatrs
now exreU ll.'ltaln In steel nnuf
t:r and ho th raw material for
ehi? Bt th door cf Atlantic Oast
shipyard.. This country can produce
eteal at as low coat a any other coun
try, and llritatn and Germany cannot
recover for many year from the st
ok which th war hi gtvrn their
'! la luefry In competition with th
t'nited ncate. As In other Industrie,
w may b abte to offset with su
perUir sxllt. efficiency and e of ma
chinery th tower wage of K'iror
and t win th same supremacy In
shipbuilding aa we hav won In el
maJcIng. But we shall build ship to aI tin
Ter foreign Tars nn!sa w revu by
wholesale th law governing th op
eration of ship. YY may supply the
world with ship without bullilag up
an AmerVan merchant marine. Our
taw- Impose" on np sailing under the
American f.i routs whl-h are pr
h.bitiia In normal times a acolnt
competing sMp cf other flar. In
measuring ship other naUoca ex.
mpt open shIter-dck spec to
amv at net tonnage, but th
VrJted State doe not. aa excep
tion being mad only In favor of for
efm-bulTt ship raturallxed under th
law of lit. Tonnsg due and canal
toll ar tii Increased. On advan
tage given by onr Ivw I tltt toirag
d te ar not charged en deck cargoe.
wftil Ramp make such a chtrc.
but ta Commisetoeer of Navigation
Ar you going to b a Santa Claua
this Chrtstmas? Not to your own be
loved one. It goe without aaytng
that you will remember them. Kul
to on of th thousands of little one
who will know nothing of th bounties
of Chrtstma unless kind-hearted per
sun, modern reincarnation of old
Krla KringI. paus In selfish actlvl
tie or thoughtle self-concentration
to take on th rote of Chrtstma bene
There are hundreds of little mis
sive addressed to Kant. Claus by
hopeful little tad whua parent are
unable to make Chrlstmaa a reality
this year. Th stoutest heart would
b melted by reading on of th tragic
ilf.l note which pour In on th pos
tal authorities. A llttl girl pleans
for a teddy bear and dotl which, she
confide In dear old Fanta. "Mamma
ay she cannot get for m (his time."
A l.tti b--y write for a pair of new
shoe and bag of randy. Ther ar
great pile of the letter to be had
fur the asking.
from now on until ChrUlma morn
ing these haplee rour.g fc'.ka will
Uv In suspense.. Will fUnta Claua
read that letter and answer It? If he
doe, what a happy day for Bext Sat
urday. If not. youthful tear and
aching hear. Ho It 1 up to you.
Ton ar Kant Claua. On of tho
pat Set lv- letter W as ad!resed to yoo.
joij who ar In comfortable circum
stance and hav don so little good
In th world. It la up to you to an
swer thai letter and reduc th num
ber of Chrtstmxa trageie by al least
BACIOtOCir it. MIOMWI.
W American ar constantly being
toll of thing that all ua. but It Is
Infrequently that any of thesa afflic
tion are accurately dlagnnewd. Tha
crttlca are content to flay us upon this
alleged shortcoming or thot, and leave
us In bttdermcr.t as to th cause
and possible cur. However, one dlag.
noetlcun ha Just stepped forward to
put th country at eas concerning th
raus of all It defect. II haa sur
vey t th symptom, taken th Na
tional temperature, perfected a blood
test, listened Intently to th record of
M s'et hn-fx and finally reached a
decision, lie finds that w ar suf
fering from nothing mor or le than
sent (mental m.
Th! Is th diagnosis presented by
flu lolph II. Tinder, professor of so
ciology at th University of New Tork.
II believe ther Isn't another thing
la th world th master with u. n
t!menta'.t.m t al th bottom of our
Governmental shortcoming-, our edu
cational, literary, artiitic. legislative.
e onomi.-. histrionic. matrlmoniaL tern.
per-ameiital and other deficiencies.
ientlmenlallsm it pervade our very
Uvea and Im p reuse Itself upon our
Take American marrlag, for ex
ample. Senttmentallsm. People mar.
ry. for th moat part, becaua they
hav engaged In an unthinking sent-
nentallty towarda each other. Th
practical iH of th contract, such
aa th establishment of a horn and
mutual hetpf ulne. are seldom taken
Into account, with the reu!t that
America has th second hlshcst di
vorce ra'e In th worl. Japan lead
us by a trifle, but divorce ta a new
Institution In Japan and th people
ar busy experimentlar with thte sew
and dangerous toy.
Another fault which la laid to sen
tlmentatlsm la that of setting out to
Institute reforms and rxuilag short
of their achievement. We ar charged
I'h confustrg the desire to do thine
w!th this acl-nl achievement. When
laws have been made and enforced
for a brief time, the reform la set
down a complete. When a set of
tV-';: X t puxn4 pui et ).
flee, the Incident la regarded a cloaed
A new art of public pilferer springs
up right under th public' not. Cor
rupt politic flourish -hcn the people
are off their guard.
These several defect which the pro
fessor ha noted are easily recognized
as American shortcomings, along with
scntimentalURn. But the relationship
of cause and effect la not at all clear.
9entlmcntallm Is merely an Incidental
characteristic. We have It In abund
nnce. yet we mljht be rid of It with
out enjoying relief from all other III..
It I a more probable theory that these
Inadequacies ar merely sidelights
upon youthful American civilisation.
Y ar growing older and learning by
experience. SentlmentaJlsm belong
to this formative state; a byproduct.
perbap. of American isolation and
peaceful pursuits. The eminent New
Tork sociologist ha not probed to the
bottom cf our difficulties. It la us-
oected. Soma sociologist will win
reputation for himself on day by ris
ing up to say that, everything aald
and done, ther Isn't much of any
thin wrong with th country except
it youth and Isolation, and that we
are rapidly growing above those things
SOT C OOOO FAITH.
The esteemed New Tork World per.
mils itself to be much perturbed be-
caue the next National Republican
Convention will not have a many
negro delegate from th South as In
past conventions, and It accuse the
Republican Committee, . which made
the apportionment, of deliberate un
friendliness to th colored man. Says
orb aa Indictment of a race br a pe-
tllica. machine arblcB still cherlXies the
memory of gy &4 llana aeel aot Bo
b ,rue1. Whet I mere to th point IS
that an ortanliatlua calling Itse.f th Flo-
Solsra party wipe sill la Ite own aslia.r
fUt-eotla nn4ment. w Me n. Ine pg.
sreaft Court or la to:i-4 States, provided
over by a former Cooredermt oidw, r
ceatly Ma'.'lrmel. r3 more s;gnl?rast Is
the fact trial la norma! time ther are
h.f a dn-a great Norther Htsies la whicb
the ften-ub.!.A party srouid bo ta a hopvieee
miaoriiy tonpt for tba aegr tola
The Republican apportionment
which so excite the Democratic
World was mad to stop the scandal
of preponderant Influrnc by procured
delegate from Southern state which
civ no Republican electoral vote.
The abuse la admitted, and the remedy
la only partly effective. Kor the baa!
of representation now Is four dele
gate from each state, one delegate
from each Congressional District, and
aa additional delegate from each dis
trict In which the Tote In 1914 ex
If the World would demand that
th Democratic political machines of
the South, which have devised laws
and adopted practice to disfranchise
the nerro rote, be made to mend their
ways, we should hare more confidence
In th good faith of It present crltl
"demonstrated the uselessncss of the
battleship or dreadnought" He would
build only submarinea -nd lay mines
and would trust our safety to them.
He polnta to the Immunity from at
tack of Germany's few hundred miles
of coast, most of It on the landlocked
Ilaltlc. and uses that aa , precedent
for our thousands of miles of opn
coast. He recommend deliberation
until the ship now building are com
pleted, saying that "relatively we have
the strongest and most powerful Nary
on earth." He thinks no nation will
be able to attack us after the war, for
all will be too exhausted to think of
war with the United States, "the bis
cost, richest, strongest power on
earth." Another reason he 1ve
that our Treasury la empty, we are
collecting emergency tnxes and there
fore "re cannot afford to defend our
selves. In llr. Kltchln' opinion, all
who favor a stronger Army and Navy
are "JinRoea and war traffickers wh
see "war rbllns" and yelp and wail.
These opinions of Clnude Kltchln,
Ihe lawyer of Scotland Neck. N. C
ar directly contrary to the opinion
of men who know about military and
naval matters, but they are endorsed
by 40.000 farmer of North Carolina.
The Democratic leader in tne &en
at la only less reliable a a champlo
of the Wilson policy. He is Senator
Kern, of Indiana, who made speeche
against preparedness and who has
won for the Middle West a reputation
for loss of courage and patriotism. He
will leave Senator Chamberlain to lead
the fight for a larger Army, whtl
Senator Tillman will hand over to
Senator Swanson the advocacy or
Nary Increase. There Is not among
them a man possessing the qualities
for a real leadcf, such as is needed
to steer the most Important leglsla
lion of the session.
Stars and Starmakers
By Iowa Cass Baer.
Who doe r.ot remember the groan
which greeted the result of the last
French census? It wo completed In
til. Mon dieu! Thirty-nine thou
sand people loat In the five-year pe
riod. A lower birthrate, symptoms of
decadent franco. Now It 1s time
for the new French census, which la
due with 1IC, unlen the census cus
tom Is broken, nut will France dare
ake a census of It people now? The
Germans are entrenched a third of
he way across the republic on Its
northeastern boundary. Hundreds of
thousand of Frenchmen ar removed
by German bullets beyond the pale of
earthly census enumerators.
Aside from these losses, how must
th birthrate stand, with the flower
of France on the firing line? Mar
riage Is a neglected Institution. The
biides-thai-mlght-have-been are work
ing In thousand at munition factories.
In stores or on streetcars. Th hus
band s-that-mlght-have-been stand vigil
against the Teuton menace or repose
In shapelee tiers In the trench-graves
f the temporary frontier. The for-
ign populace for the most part haa
Not a promising prospect for census
year. No doubt the censu will be
poetponed. Postponed until a hnp-
ler day: a day when an invigorated
'ranee, chastened by war. may appear
Itself again. Who can say that the
populace of Alsace-Lorraine may not
ntritute ua quota, to onset the crim
son losses? Forlorn as the hope may
ppear In this hour, the French dream
of this cherished day persists.
nrr m.ivor axd the mwh.
Then the Mayor had a few thing
lo say about the newspapers, reports
he livening; Journal. In it summary
f the Albee and Dleck collaborates
broadside In th Marcollua case. The
generalisation about tne "newspapers"
oo not fit the ease. The Mayor re
ferred to a particular newspaper, and
Irft no room for misunderstanding
aa to what he meant, except that he
named no names, when he sAltL
Tbm sne-J psiie f-rm iholr elr.lore ef
Iho eta osj e nat of pwbil rfi'elo frena
to --lumbe of tii partlru-sr .-r
tri.y xo In the oot'.t of uin. mi4 It
If -frtut-te mat Ihe o.cuunt e the
IftrMi.oiit.a of lr Marreiluo. prlntwd
It oao of la afternoon taper eiiotila novo
t-ea o wrr4 a4 Bnfotr. Thouii hen
t rc;i fi f -1 mat lie reporter s-4 la
th c9cllr of prlvot detetie before th
trial a4 a 9e-la. esle:nl eounael to
iho pruo -Qier. air. aolr. al ino Irto. ojitln
l atr t'o.r aid. prmtuo mm la p-J
tin qe'ore lo I tn when ho he
te;4. o4 tr ltiertiT br oM ana-a-eiuro
tr-!4 on blr p:jr ruriulng e rial
r.- T.o of rT..lonn. rl - plainly r-
IH tt r.1 a torilun nn3 vtndirtlvo Irlen t
l e'trori o : t-i i!'n. I a-n bo; surprlea.
b-al uprelly dlacusleU.
The confidence of the Mayor Is not
violated when It la said that the news
paper thus definitely accused of Im
proper interest In a publlo investiga
tion and of distortion, aupprcaalon
and falsification of Ita newa. la th
Kvenlng Journal. It Is a charge fre
quently made, and completely sus
tained In other matters. The last
previous conspicuous fraudulent notri
exploit perpetrated by this newspaper
m as it manufactured account of a
"wet" decision hy the Washington
Supreme Court. II was , gross offense
for which neither apology nor explana
tion ha been offered II readers. It
must think little of their goJ opinion.
The abstention from voting of
Vcnlxelos supporter In Greece 1
novel means of protesting; against his
removal as Premier. King- Constan
tino's appeal to the people to vote I
unique, coming; from a King. Usually
the slower people are to acquire the
voting habit, the better Kings are
Colonel House, the President' con
fidentlal friend and adviser, is depart
ing; for another mysterious Junket to
the war capitals. The nature of the
mission la kept "strictly secret." It
may be, of course, that the matter
Is not any more serious than that the
Colon! noeds the trip and the Job.
There la the usual contradiction be
tween the British and Turkish ver
slons of the evacuation of GaJllpolL
Tho British say: "We left In a digni
fied and leisurely manner": the Turks
say: "We kicked them Into the sea.'
The historian will have difficulty In
sifdna; out the truth.
To many men the right to own
dog la held to be Inalienable under
the Constitution, but to pay a license
is another thing. That Is why they
put off paying;, until one day an offi
cer drops in with a warrant of arrest.
The dog; worth his keep- Is worth the
Judge Wolverton showed unusual
confidence In the Jury that is trying
th moonshiner ense when he left It
alone all night with a keg of whisky.
Perhaps the bailiff took care that no
Juror bad a sr'irot on his person.
The Government ha so many mil
lion acres of forest In Ore con that it
should know the state can supply lum
ber for the new postofflce. But this
I a Southern Administration, there
fore Southern pine must be used.
There are eighteen million franca
In the Serbian Treasury and the money
la in a Paris bank. The King can get
pointer from any Central American
revolutionist as to Its disposal.
The proposal to let a neutral power
care for British prisoners held by Ger
many la humane but Impracticable.
There Is not a neutral nation In Eu
rope that wants the task.
Vancouver is amenable to a charge
of grand larceny If It can prove the
2.14 Inches of rainfall In twenty-four
hours. All thnt excess belongs this
side of the Columbia. .
Foreign trado la bound to beat all
records, and If there were a way of
getting munitions Into the other aide
It would be big enough to run this
country gold shod.
Zellgewcbentxuendung is all that
alls the Kaiser, more commonly
known as bindcgewrbentzuncdung.
Good thing for blm it is not the Itch.
Great Britain can seize mail on the
Dutch liners because she Is bigger
than the Holland government, but
else and power do not tToJance right.
When the allies hare a few mo
ments to spare, they figure on how
many men Germany has lost, but no
two of them sereo.
TUB I.EanrR WHO BOLTS.
Th Administration haa come for
ward as the champion of Army and
Navy Increase sufficient to make the
country safe against Invasion, but It
ct haa to find a leader In the House
who will pilot Its bills through the
shoals oo which the pacific! Would
fain wreck them. Representative
Kltchln. aa leader of tha Democratic
party, would naturally b looked to
for this duty, but he has declared
himself against the estlr programme
Ij a letter in the New TorR World,
which Mr. Ilryan reprinted with great
display In the Commoner. Mr. Kltchln
set his Judgment against that of the
experienced me a of the General Hoard
of tha Navy and th General Staff
ct UJkr&gr. Xla U4 4a- jrr &
News from Stayton gives an Ides, of
what will happen at time next year.
Burglars stole a barrel of whisky from
CHARLES HAX.TON. who played a
y brief spell with th Baker Players,
Is now a member ot the Princess Stock
In Des Molnea. Fay Bainter, a Port
land girl. Is leading woman and is
scoring big successes with each week's
new role. Robert Hyam Is her leading
man. Edward C Woodruff played
leads In this company last season.
Lee fihubert and Oliver Morosco will
hereafter direct the destinies of Elsie
Jan Is, having taken over the contract
held by Charles Dillingham, under
whose management she has appeared
for several seasons. They will present
her In "Betty." a musical comedy,
Miss Janla was last seen In New
Tork at the Cohan Theater in "Miss In
Lillian Russell, brilliant star at tha
Orpheura this week, will be Host at a
Chrlstmaa party at the Multnomah Ho
tel tomorrow night. Her guests will
be all the artlsta comprising the Or
pheura show and maybe Alexander P.
Moore, millionaire husband of the
famous actress, will arrive in Portland
in time to sit at the head of the table
with the hostess. Miss Russell is ar
ranging all the details of the party
herself. Every day this week Miss
Russell, accompanied by Mrs. Leona
Rosa, her sister, and hee maid, have
gone a-ahopplng, to aelect tiny glfta of
the Jocose type which Miss Russell, In
person, will present to her guests. A
Christmas tree will tower in the center
Of the table and from its branches rib
bons will stream to every plate and to
SUBMARINES AS DEFEJfSH CXTTS
With Germanye Many Her Fleet la
Bottled and Her Commerce Paralysed.
VANCOUVER. Wash.. Dec. 20. (To
the Editor.) The editorial which ap
peared in The Oregonian December 15.
under the heading, "The Submarine's
Measure Taken." is at this time both
interesting and Instructive. The ques
tion before our people today Is: Shall
we Increase the defenses of our coun
try? If so. In what manner and to
My experience having been gained in
the Army rather than the Navy, I
realize that I am quite out of order
in attempting to discuss questions ap
pertaining to sea warfare. I have,
however, for many years given close
attention to reports and opinions of
expert concerning the great navies of
the world. This leads me to conclude
that the naval expert has never over
estimated the possibilities of the sub
marine. Its availability has always been
problematic It is quite true that our
"amateur naval experts in Congress"
and also our soap-box strategists and
cracker-barrel critics have advocated
relegating our battleships and cruisers
to the scrap heap and replacing them
with submarines. But such advice
never came from seamen of experience.
The great war has given the men of
our Navy an excellent opportunity of
seeing the effectiveness and availabil
ity of the submarine, and It would
seem that aa its demonstrations con
tinue it is losing favor. We are told,
and it has been proved, that the sub
marine is impotent when within, gun
range of the most inslgnlficent de
stroyer (should be called nrotector)
The cost of construction of the destroyer
is but trivial as compared with the
If it Is so that the submarine dare
not appear on the surface when within
range of a destroyer, then it must be
taken that the submarine can only
operate effectively in waters In which
the destroyer may not navigate, or
In Other Days
Twenty-Five Tear Ago.
From Th Oregonian, December 28. IS.
Washington. In response to Senator
Dolph's request the appointment of a
board of engineers to survey the har
bor of Portland has been recommended
to the Secretary of War.
Rapid City, S. D. Dispatches to Gen
eral Miles from Colonel Sumner show
that nearly all of Sitting Bull's follow
ers, together with Big Foote's band,
are ready to come In and surrender.
North Yakima, Dec 22 James M.
Adams, formerly editor of the Review
at Spokane, died here today.
Residents of Burns are starting a
move to have the town incorporated.
Miss Sara M. Buck, of Portland, and
A. Stonebarger, of Colfax, Wash., were
married at Bishop Scott Academy yes
terday. After being in darkness for some
days. East Portland has come to an un
derstanding and a contract with Mr.
Hogue, and that city will now have
The proposal to move Willamette
University from Salem to Portland
again is being agitated.
S. F. Kingston, representing the
"Little Lord Fauntleroy" company, is
In the city. He was formerly dramatic
editor of the Chicago Mall.
every ribbon a gift will be attached. wuhlch "nler Protection of fort or
... ,, . ...... . . I shore batteries. We know that the
"We are going to have lots of fun,'
she said. "No one will be permitted
to open the gift packages until the
proper time arrives and if anyone dares
to 'snoop he or she will be fined."
Miss Russell's guests will be Frank
Waller, Mr. and Mrs. Vaughan Comfort,
Mr. and Mrs. John King, Earl Reynolds,
Nellie Donegan, Bayone Whipple, Wal
ter Huston, Jim Hancock, George Aus
tin Moore, Cordelia Haager, Jean Chal
Ion, Max Le Hoen and Leone Dupreece.
Speaking of Lillian Russell, she told
me that If she had a dollar for each of
the Lillians who had been named for
her and had sent photographs to prov
It. and requests for autographed pic
tures and any little things she might
feel like giving away well, she'd hav
a million dollars anyway, 'it would
seem that every old white-haired
toothless woman I meet In my travel
had seen me on her wedding trip. In
variably they mumble, "Why, Miss Rue
sell, when 1 was In New York on my
weddln' tour my husband took me to
see you. You was playln' in let me
see It's so long ago I dls-recollect '
But the person Miss Russell really
loves Is the octogenarian who totters
In and tries to reminisce with her
about her school days back in Ioway.
Th best kind of Christmas present
for some people seems to be a decree
Father Is counting on getting a
fresh supply of handkerchiefs and
No doubt Colonel House, remember
ing John Liod. will tell them to keep
Horse meat Is llko musk rat stow
mighty good If you do not know what
Many a man buys a toy for his boy
for th fun of playing with It himself.
Get your shiny coins and crisp dol
lar bill today to have them ready.
Everybody will hare at least a dol
lar left for th Mut tomorrow.
Some of them being cut Just now
aren't "water" melons, either.
You can never
going to do next
tell what Villa Is
The deadly trichina Is still catching
Is anybody trying the Rex-Tlgard-vllio
The children can hardly sleep of
"Willie P. Sweatnam is going back In
vaudeville. The sketch Is a story of
racetrack life, entitled "In Old New
Orleans," and In It Sweatnam acts the
part of a darkey trainer.
The author fs Bayfield De Beer, who
has written many articles on matters
pertaining to the turf and who is the
uthor of "Pony's Tips of the Afternoon
Races." He. too, will act in the sketch,
playing the part of a horse owner.
The premiere will take place Decem
ber 27. The production Includes un
usually lavish settings and a prize-
Sweatnam has visited us twice as the
porter in "Excuse Me."
Frederick E. Bryant, erstwhile hus-
bsnd of Julie Power, Portland girl, has
married again. The new wife was
Mary Hall White, known to the stage
as Mary HalL She, too, has been
wedded before occasionally. Her first
husband was Smith B. Hall, of St. Paul
from whom she was separated in 1911.
She later married Will R. Antisdel and
was divorced from him in 1913. She has
ppeared with E. H. Sothern In "The
Proud Prince." and has played in stock
In Pittsburg and other cities, ilr.
Bryant was divorced from his first
wife In 1901. He married Julie Power
in 190? and divorced ber last Sep
Julie Power, you remember, was m on
ioned by Adele Blood in her divorce
ult brought against Edwardes Davies.
And another pretty corner of the tri
angle Is that Julie Power mentioned
Miss Hall In her suit. It was a very
Ice affair all around.
Lauretta Taylor la going to Florida
for a brief vacation. Just after her
recent return from Europe she was
taken 111 and Is now convalescent fol
lowing a minor operation. When she
returns from her vacation she will ap
pear In a new comedy written by her
husband. J. Hartley Manners.
Tonlrht George Austin Moore and
Mrs. O. A. Jf.. who is pretty Cordelia
Haager on the Orpheura bill are go
ing to be hosts at a genuine chile con
came upper party to be given on the
stage of the Orpbeum after the show is
over. Members of the company and a
few outsiders, friends mad by the
Moore-Haager team on their Orpheum
trips, have been asked.
Ellta Proctor Otis, who has been se
riously 111 with neuritis for several
weeks, has been removed, to the auxil
iary home of tho Actors' Fund Society
at Amltyvllle, L. I.
Gilbert Miller, son of Henry Miller,
Is associated with Paul Capellanl in
the artistic management of the Thea
ter Ffanca I se, of New York. The sea'
son opened at the Berkeley Theater on
November 15, with Pierre Wolffs "Les
British fleet is and has been for more
than a year within easy striking dis
tance of a German submarine base, and
yet we have heard of no vessels of
their fleet on Its station being sunk
When the Lusltanla was sunk the
English people asked why she was not
furnished proper protection. Churchill's
answer was that he did not have i
suficient number of destroyers to pro
tect both navy and merchant ships and
that hie first duty was to protect the
navy, w e read that some high author
ities In the German navy questioned
the advisability of-a submarine block
ade. But the German people were in
censed to such degree over the inac
tivity of their navy that it was deemed
advisable to make some effort to place
the navy In better light.
So far the achievements of the sub
marine nd those of the Zeppelin are
about on a par. Both are spectacular,
even sensational, but their value in war
fare so far is the unknown quantity.
Our naval experts are realizing that
commerce of a 'great empire is being
absolutely paralyzed through its navy,
which Is superior to our own, being
Domed up securely, or insecurely, in
the Baltic And this was not accom
plished by submarines.
THE MEEK AXD LOW LY LI.TIBURGER
Err Llfe-Giving Qualities Discovered
for It Not Enough to Redeem It.
BY ADDISON BESXEti.
Behold the robust Limburger. the
pungent Limburger, the "odorawfus"
Limburger cheese! When fully ripened
and in its prime there is nothing re
sembling It on. the earth. In the heavens
above or in tho waters of the sea. It
stands in a class by itself and boldly.
defiantly refuses to bo concealed or se
creted. You may lock it In safes, hide
it in cellars, sink it in seas, bury it in
the earth, imprison it in vaults, but
when It gains its full strength and
vigor, when "it moveth Itself aright,
It emits an odor that safes nor vaults
nor cellars nor graves, nor anything
else human or inhuman, can keep from
the olfactory nerves of man or bird
From the chief lair of the Limburger
in this country. Green County, Wis
consin, comes the news that the death
rate in that county is the lowest in the
state by 2 per cent, and the reason
thereof is that Limburger Is the chief
article of food used by a large number
of the people, as a substitute for meat
by most of them. This we have from
the press dispatches and the inference
is that if we court longevity we should
enlist in the cause of the fragrant
Never! Rather eat husks with the
swine, as did the prodigal of biblical
days; rather eat of "baked mule stuffed
with cockroaches," as the young lady
in fiction declared she would, rather
dine on roast buzzard, feast on broiled
poilywogs almost as soon die as to
make of Limburger a steady diet.
xet there are cases of American-born
people using Limburger in moderate
quantities when a good article of beer
can be had to wash It down. Indeed,
with the nostrils securely clamped with
a clothes pin and the eyes blindfolded
one may make of Limburger and beer
quite a "snack." However, tho beerless
days are coming for Oregon, so there
is no uoe of giving menus that do not
comport with the statutes. .
Taking the record as given from
Green County. Wisconsin, as true, as
some will, we would suggest to that as
tut educator, Mr. O. M. Plummer, that
new "frill" might be added to the
curriculum of our public schools, an
nexing It to the domestic science de
partments. where the schoolma'ms
could teach the boys and girls how to
eat that succulent and fragrant com
pound. Such an innovation would any
how reduce school expenses by deter
ring many pupils from attending school.
preferring a Jail sentence, and it would
urely solve the matrimonial problem.
for if anything would deter a man who
courting went after a schoolma'm
from "popping," even from getting near
er the second time, it would be a
good strong whiff of the Indescribable
aroma" emitted by Limburger cheese.
Half a Century Ago.
From Th Oregonian, December 23, 1866.
In the little Massachusetts town ot
Milford last year 1,119,229 pairs ot
boots and 111,190 pairs of shoe were
made, valued at 13,291,304. Employ
ment was furnished to 2000 men and
Henry Ward Beecher, known erst
while to the "Democracy" by many op
probrious names. Is now in. the muta
tions of things receiving the applause
of the New York World and News and
the entire Copperhead press. In a re
cent eermon Beecher "let down" and
Eaid he was pained by the many criti
cisms of General Lee.
Samuel Robarts and America Pro
were married December 10 at the home
of the bride's parents in Washington
County. Erastus lavage performed the
ceremony. On December 17 James
Shepherd and Miss Mary Livonia Ro
deric were married at the bride's home
in Washington County.
The committee on ways and means
of the Common Council, to whom was
referred the petitions of J. Bloom and
J. C. Ainsworth for a reduction of as
sessments, reported adverse to the for
mer and in favor of reducing the latter
10.000. The Council adopted the report.
ALBANY. Dee. 21. (To the Editor.)
Would you please give, through the
columns of The Oregonian, the ad
dresses of some of the powder manu
facturing firms of the United States,
the Westlnghouse firm In particular?
- PERCY E. DAVIS.
The Du Pont De Nemours Powder
Company, which has Its main office at
Wlmlngton, DeL, and the Trojan Pow
der Company, at .AJlentown, Pa., are
two well-known firms. There are
many smaller one. We are unable to
find listed a "Westlnghouse" firm of
nowdor makers. The electrical and
Sunshine I coming for Christmas. I machinery company of that name does
I not appear to deal In powder or similar
Xwx days leA Jo buj somcics. taxploslTs. w i
Roosevelt's Wealth Making Records.
GASTON. Or., Dec 20. (To the Edi
tor.) WTiat is the present reputed
wealth of ex-President Roosevelt; also
Is rating in the financial agencies?
Will you also please describe the proc-
ss of making graphophone records.
that la commercially? I understand
how one record 1 made, but how are
large numbers of the same record pro
duced or reproduced? F. C. II.
Mr. Roosevelt's wealth Is placed at
about 11.000.000 by -bankers and men
of affairs. We have no accurate record
of it. however. As an individual he is
not Identified with mercantile business
and for that reason Is not listed in
Dun's or Bradstreet's, although there
is no doubt about his credit.
In the manufacture of records, what
Is called the first or "master" record
is made by the artist singing, talking
or playing Into the graphophone, the
Impression being made on a soft wax
diec by means of a needle. A mould
is then made from this first or "mas
ter" record and, using this mould, other
records are stamped out by means of
a hydraulic press. gTeat pressure being
used. Usually three "master" records
are made so that If one Is Impaired or
damaged the work will not be wasted.
RAINIER, Or.. Dec. 20. (To the Ed
itor.) Will you please print the ad
dress to which rose slogans must be
sent? ' M. S. D.
Address Rose Festival slogan com
mittee. Northwestern Bank building,
Oaf EXPORTING MUNITIONS OF WAR
J. X. Smith, of Eugene, Saya It Would
Be Bad Policy to Start an Embargo.
EUGENE, Or.. Dec. 21. (To the Ed
itor.) Seeing a communication on the
military situation In The Oregonian
December 19 opposing export of muni
tions to belligerent countries, I beg to
make a few remarks. As the writer of
the article admits that the shipment
of munitions to belligerents is legal,
and that withholding or embargo is
also legal, I am at a loss to understand
the object of his proposed course, ex
cept on purely theoretical grounds.
In a consideration of the matter, why
not look at it from a standpoint of the
interests of the country, present and
prospective? By withholding munitions
the country would be sure to make
enemies of the "allies," as they are the
only parties under the present status
of the war who can receive them (or
in any large amount). Supposing, how
ever, the Government ordered an em
bargo on the theoretical plea of neu
trality; the other side to the conflict
would only consider such as their right
in the premises and there is no present
indication that any particular feeling
of friendship would accrue here or
hereafter from said act; whereas, the
other side would be much aggrieved
from the departure from the former
custom or rule allowing free egress
or export of munitions to all belliger
ents. It would look like the best pol
icy would be to follow the old custom
unless marked exceptional considera
tions are introduced, and so far there
seem to be none.
In addition, the advantage of retain
ing its old policy would possibly work
greatly to our advantage at some fu
ture time, since the United States
might be placed in a position where it
would want to import munitions from
the countries affected. They would
then remember our failure and refusal
and would refuse and apply our "own
medicine." which might in that case be
very bitter. J. N. SMITH.
At the gladsome Christmas season
What a host or memories
To our hearts, as oft we ponder
O'er the days Jong passeu aj.
Days of childhood happy season
When our hearts were amcu. .
Would that all those childish visions
Might prove to bo wnat tney seem;
Oh, the happy expectation
The delights or Lnnairaas uiuc.
When the stockines run or mystery
Round the fireplace nung in ime.
Oh. the joys of Christmas morning
When the girts were sirewn o.uuu...
Close your eyes! Now can t you see
Can't you hear the children shout?
Tho' time may have Drougm.uiiu.
iXifta that on our senses pall.
Yet the gifts of childhood's Christmas
These we prize aoove int;m an.
JESSIE H. HAMMOND.
Dr. Jthn McLouKhlin's Wife.
PORTLAND, Dec. 20. (To the Edi
tor.) I have always uuraamra l.
John McLoughlin naa an mu'u
An old pioneer recently told me thi3
was not true. W ill you piease imoriu
me on this matter. SCHOOL BOY.
Dr. McLoughlin's wife was not a
full-blood Indian, but she had con
siderable Indian blood, having been
descended from the Red River tribes of
the Dakotas. She was the widow or
Alexander McKay at the time of her
marriage to Dr. McLoughlin. Mr. Mc
Kay was a partner with John Jacob
Astor in founding Astoria, Or., in 1811.
Mr. McKay died in 1811 and the widow
became Mrs. McLoughlin 10 or 12 years
Keeping Your Store in the
Your store window is the medium
through which you seek the eye of
In the advertising columns of this
newspaper manufacturers also seek
Suppose people see the goods in
your store window at the same time
they read the advertising in the
Will not the Impression be doubly
Will you not help your store and
sell more goods?