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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 8, 1915)
Tnn Monxixtt oregontax Wednesday, December p. wis. -
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ft4tr a a
iltkt -u.a tu4l'l ea.4 slaaa.
m sa. eaa-e. Si ta l "'
ee-. 4 i..oia ret-a.
. .. . - . - . . . n ... ... . . : t. eae
1M rlPt.Xf ADtA9S.
Tart ia rn torn for rrlt'Ua In the
atj 'ed enttrun'a aa-i hUh purpoaalt)f shirs and sell them f a corpora
i-r.l In rrei !cot Wllaoa'a ad -
ilrM lo for.d'ta. Aa m literary f r
el t U' 8 It W anions hi bt- It t operate tha ship, tha Government
fcrt-ea thruushoul a lofty spirit of to aubecribo rr st- k only If the pu h
P4lr' itiTj whk h raachca Its not;eat Itr ftU to do so. If the public would
tisiah'-a In tt-m ilsnurcUtl-'O of thoas
n.a who abuse thrir prtvllrira of
..p'i.fi."i-i to dut jrb our l saca. to
t-nr-tr oar aafstv aad to Siva trea-
sor.aMa all ta a fra:ca riUon at ourra'tr to enter the shipplnc btimlnru.
cojt la th"a C4W4(r tna I resi'4-in
spaakt as a tru" AmrrKan an l does
eat aore the verbal lajn lor pnea-
All will ba ta arcot'i with Ma de-
sire to set apart the American hmi-
sphere aa a field for the development
in re, e an.l m frte-lum of democratic
Bettor, aloof from tna je4iJn-i ao
wits him that In their nature treat
mo.-ri-le are l br.:erni. nut ny wnira many generation wui cer
... , r,..- in nrer to develop in I talnty baneflt an l which It aaem
fraaU"m. AU -ept the few biitjhrlr fair that a slnta jeneratloa
rty pct.ns ara that oar m:ety
thus t advance denacd tae irair.ira
ef eur ritUeca to arms In suffKler.1
rammer t rep I atrr:n. A.uor snrinatn; revenue, in own r:r-
,jr- that an American mrrvstni
marina la eantil to tna ceveip-
. - - - . .
mfrt or our roreiaa romrn'rw -.
aa auxiliary t' our Navy, we acre I
t.tat tha atioA inoulj Hot 0T iv i
tnoner lo p y l or ii-iary expansea I
W serve that all our rvsourcsa. net-I
on'. n4vitrial and la tripona-
xion, shou! t be developed r the r
fc!i1-t effi'lency and co-ordinatad
f it tfta service of the .Nation In mill'
t4rr dcrn. as wU for peaceful
Wa d. not ba'ieve. rowever. that
ta Am.tl:.n ceopi- wilt approve the
Te-i lr.t s rno.iir.. atUn of the Mn-
j Ii-trr.e to taka other AmerU-aB
eeo-ihliw-a Ictv prtaefhio with the
t ta.a.1 ftalea for Its maintenance.
That d ctrip.e was set forts primarily
a po.l.-r f"r the preservation of
the tr.r!t ef the felted ftalee; It
was d-ine.i to -.ar4 the interests of
the otser rpubli- ontr a aa Inrl-
deal t tht primary parpoae. tt a-
urnH f'r this country a poelMon of
pre-aminenre In the American heml-
softera whU h the Natt a will not abas.
io for aa alliance with other rep'i.
!;.. We may consult and on ec-
casiona Invtta Ul assistance or otner I
Amert.-an nation la maintalnm thslwou:J Bi, fatted. Tears sco the In
Monfx Irtrine. but we snou.4 rever l
consent l, make l' application to any I
eon:irenry subjavt to asreamsr.t or
etRar nafiona. I
It la outte conceivable that ojr in-I
trr rr.lht demand enforcement of
th l d itrtne la a m inner cocfltctln
wits the Interest of sme nation
whici Mr. Wit woutj make a part
ner In tt. We shonM retain onr free
dom ta act la such a cae a our In
ternet and our fu !xmtl dictate with
out record to the Interests and opin
ion of any ether ration. That policy
won! I rot xctu.!e Ir.creosirt co-oper-
att n of the other republic a their
Interests and poltclea cam more
Cloaely ta coincide with eur own.
The Ihrestdent ha no reason to ex-
tilt. as he doe, over the success of
Ms policy In Mexico. In defending
the r.a-ht of that country to have revo
lution upoa revolution and In the
process to slaughter and ptllase Amer-
.;n without Interference, he first
Uaore the fa-t that he did Interfere
tnnat Inef fectually so far a defense
of American rtatht was concerned
but moat effectually so far as the
course of event In Mexico wa con
cerned. II then quotes from the
Vtrx'.nla bill of right a declaration
that the majority in a state
rtcht to overturn and charge the
who' form of s"0mrnnl. That
declaration embodue the baste doc-
trit of secession, which was .repu
diated by the result of the Civil" War.
and it regard a tat as a mere party
ta aa alliance, free ta change Its form
of government at pleasure without
consulting the othr parties. It I
theory which. If followed, would
destroy the rights of the minority In
a sets and would destroy the Union
A ta the ether matter of which
the President treats, differences of
opinion arUe eety as to the means
by which he has aonght and proposes
to attain the ends ce admirably 4e
arrtbaa. Ilia plans for enlargement of
the Narr will receive general ap
proval, though they should provide
fir enouch additional men to eerve
every ship w sow have and for
enough more each year to serve that
year additions to the fleet. The pro
posed addition ef I.09 officers and
irnea win not. according ta credible
authority suffice for ear present
fleet, much less for the proposed ad
ditions. Tha general principles laid dowo by
the Preside si for enlargement of the
Army will meet with approval from.
ill lavsl-headed. patriotic cttixeo.
term which does not Include the
Bryaslte. Uti-'e-Army-and-Navy men. I
But the proposed application of those I
rmaclylas) is epea to serious crtMctsra. I
The suggested Increase of tho regular
Amy la ao small that tt would give alOrvgoa la marked by a glaring de-
mobile Army of only ti.VOe mo The I
ileal of a trained cl!!nry which lies
behind ta coet. rectal army scheme I
cojM be realised only when Immi
nent National dinger or actual r
raisecl patriotism ta a fsver. When
the fever died daws, volunteer would
be lacking and tho Army would dm-
die ta a skeleton. Tet tho ore lm-
presstvo teeaoa which the present war
teaches to that maintenance of such
aa army at fall strength and effl-
Clancy la peace la necessary to
lien's sa.'sey In war. It cannot be so
maintained by the voluntary sstm
for that tna does trnt sufrVe t"
keep tho National Guard up to theltforah will not appear. onles the lm.
Cropao as 4 lAt cooUsentaU I
srmy M waseO the ir.i:tlia TT
"bpt tilth u f.r recruits In the
The, onlv ef'e.-tlvs means of wtur-
Ins lf.in-. ttijrrr on lhe ronti
rnH4l itmj pUn I r.mpt!p-ry T
! . fr.lcl tjr lh fii or Au
irtlir. Th t"rrUfit' :ioion lo
UrmrV rttrT lrireina l
mMc ur.frtunat( for th fnl!-r'l
-tifi !rr. la urtrlnr. mm which
Xhat . l.-rr rr ! I rrr.ib! f"f
Bar at tha i!.j!rr of lha wars
of t Ur-iuli". of 131 artj of tha
r-i:fn an4 fr tha at of tha
ftrl'tx Vr. Tha ITaal !nt' plaa
wotilj c! ua tha utri rr"'
Hit of a at;t-srrparrJ Nation, but
it not (ia ua lha anil I r-Uir
M. h i h"u? J rra-1 to rr rI at-
Tha raaiM.rlr.a; br hl h th Vrtri-
Jrt drrnta hi ahlppina; o!tr)r la
tx aak to to J aoalraLa. lie trul)
r!t our rrart aMfrinc JX,H-"J'
h"ptaatir bltr.4 an-l prolncUI."
an I ha admits thai "rrnata rapltaj
rnu.t u!ttmatrt)r" butM up an !-
T uta mri-hnt roorlna, rt ha pro-
pw rothlns to milt our prwr.t
Ua I-m h:in4 an. I prnvlnrlal and
thus ! tempt pfivato capital Into the
businaw. li ra-ninmanoa that in
build $1.0.00 worth
I ,an. a'l the stork of which l to he
I utartted hr the pub:i. tha Utt
provtda the money, why ahout.J the
oerrm-nl Intervene? Kvtdentty
Mr. vitan really cspcits no public
joa. rtrtton. tnoun tna public storm
i even unner rvi'iins; cun.i ana pro-
I vir.rji U. before tho ship-purchase
i st-nern was hatcnei.
I ! rmmni errs fD in nis
flnanrUl proposal by failinr to.dla-
tiniulsh between a permanent and
ultimately pa'lnc Investment like the
Panama Canal and the ordinary ex-
i prnjej or ina unTrnmi'ni wnicn
I tatr.tr one of those "permanent thlr
irmuii pay rr. out tna rreaiaent
i proposes mi ine preseni vansTauon
1 pay wltfi additional taxea at a ftme
i orr snow inai sa;e or nnn oonas
i wouu provi le enourn runes io mane
I J ah. Jl -fl . i ..4 a A .
. --a -im ... - . u
tior.xi defense expense r' r trie next
. m t jvar ll ina mrriliiry woq
s"car dn'lea were continued. If
static corractai tr r K own word.
Whatever may be said by IU many
rrttlr that the United fftatea 5enat
i the "tast atroRghold of predatory
rraed. It remain the fact that the
present rampaleTQ for cloture I the
newest device of the Democratic ma
chine to destroy the minority and con
trol the 5nate. For ore hundred
year the thiteJ Ptatee Penate ha had
Delimited debate, aad duricr all that
time, or nearly all of It, the henat
has been proudly acclaimed aa the
creavtrst deliberative body In the
worli. Now the tienate Itself la asked
l abandon all pretense that It Is a
deliberative boiy. and surrender to
tha rule of the Democratte raucua.
I'ndar cloture, tha ship bill would
have been rushed throuctt the last
Conirc. Lakewlse the filibuster Con
ducted by the determineJ Hurton
dlfnaut Umocricr of the South
a been able to with
stand the rab; KepubUcan project
of rassio a force MIL
Th- ,ru.h c history eunrvort the
Istatemenl that no Senatorial filibuater
1 9ma r- .ttempled unleaa II was
backed by an aroused public senti
ment. It could not a sustained oth
erwise. Now It I proposed to take
away the survlvlr. club of the minor
ity and subject II to the Iniquitous
Clot 'ire cut both ways and all par-
tire. It I a step backward, another
slcn of the deterioration of the Sen
ate. The bouses hope to control
through It. It doe not help much
rven wben the chief boss I the iTesl
dent of the t'nlted Plate.
THF.t ABB NOT WANTED.
Pecretary Lansing couM tell Am
bassador von Hernstorff why he does
not like Captain HoEdand Captain
von Papcn. attaches of the Herman
Kmbay. but probably he will not.
possibly It Is the way they have of
parting their hair. If they have any. or
wear their respective monocles; but
whichever It Is. It Is enough. In dip-
tomall.? uago between great nations,
the old couplet
I like vo iir r:i
T'.i rasa wiajr I iucol I1L
Is expressive of a practice that Is ade
quate to recall the most august Am
bassador. It will be remembered that our own
John turret t wa held to be persona
non grata to his majesty, tho Mikado
of Japan, and he was not sent there.
as had been Intended. The taste of
the Japanese Kniperor may not have
been souAd on American Ambassa
dor; but It was bis own taste, and he
had a right to exercise hi Imperial
prerogative, and to expect no back
It wa the supercilious Von Fapen
who referred to the American people
as those "idiotic Yankees." We are
Rot a sensitive lot. but really a diplo
mat who holJs such opinions of a
Nation to w hlch he la accredited
greatly Impairs his usefulness. lie
should, besides, bo happy to leavo our
It is not likely that tho German for
eign office expected tho Celled States
to furnish a bill of particulars aa to
why Iioy-Kd and Von Papcn are not
wanted. What would have been
achieved for a better understanding
between the nations If the Informa
tion had been given?
A ITTIL& PRIMArt
Despite sane corrections mad by
the last Laculatur In tho manner of
electing delegates to NationaJ conven-
tlona. the Presldeniial primary law of
ftclency. It Is not possible to send an
r Instructed delesratlon
t is a safe aesurr.ption that the
first and second choice of Oregon
Republicans for I'roldentlal candi
date this year are Justice Hughes
and Senator Horah. Neither one will
consent ta tho us ef his r.ame In
tho primaries, yet the nomination
and acceptance by one or tho other
as result of open and Insistent con-
ventloa demand Is not Impossible.
Ther will be on the primary 1 al
lot the name of other men not so ac
ceptable to Oregon llepubiiran. The
name of eltiicr Mr. Hughes or Mr.
prebab; occur, ft&l l-Vclr. ujS.or;r
'4a-M ! effanJ tham by Jrnorln
their ajUhea. Tha prafrno as x-
( ffwl br a pluralltr In tha prlmariea
la A tlcflnit InmrurUon to tha drla-
catr. Sy. mora. Tha drtrci"
nnut mka oath to support tha party
A prl.-nary alrctlon undar auch clr
rumunrr i! not Indlcata a trua
partjr pra5rrenra. toma voters may
rtta In the narnra of lluahps or
l:rh: marijr alll drcllna to vote. A
minority asprraaion In favor perhaps
Of a candidate with no particular
barkn may result. Where Orenn
stand mlsht as e!t be deter
mined by draamc atrams. .
Tho rrealdential primary laar would
b Improved by the addition of a pro
ljilon permit tin an expreaion by
tha vtrr as to whether the delegates
fhoutd ba Ir.sirurtad or nntnstructcd.
A young man may or mar not hav
learned to think for himself when ho
gets through with his schooling. The
chance are somewhat against him.
School days a re days of cramming hi
head with facts, figure and fonclea
When bo enter tho great .university
of life he has to take up a brand now
cours. on with which ho 1 quite
William Howard Taft In a recent
address sucsested J-'ederal control of
public schools. Not In so many words,
but that was tho purport,, of what he
aid. lie expressed tho common dis
satisfaction with American education
and charged tho system with nearly
every ahortcomlng in tha category,
Primary education ho set down as
shallow, higher education .as luade
quate and Improperly directed. There
is a lack of unity of method, a lack of
depth and a lack of adjustment to th
needs of American life which Mr.
Taft would havo experts remedy. Su
pervision and comparison of schools
Is a suggestion he makes that and
the Issuance of certificate from
great educational bureau located at
The remedy might prove an effect
ive on. 13 ui be for turning; all func
tion over lo th Federal Government
tt might bo advantageous to do away
with th states altogether. However,
Mr. Taft will And that few Indorse the
Idea of federalized education, and H
Is well that he puts forth the Idea In
the form of a mere suggestion. There
are many who will echo his criticism
of educational methods. Th trouble
is that no two educators a re able to
agree upon Just how needed reform
shall be effected.
It, Is reasonable to assume that the
fault Is one of the trai.sltlonal period
In which we continue to live. Th
American people are on their way,
They have not yet arrived. This ac
counts for tho defects and Inadequa
cl which may bo discovered In nearly
every particular from literature to
preparedness These deficiencies are
heightened by an intense individual
Isiio democracy which ha not yet
fully adjusted Itself to our needs and
which Is peculiarly destructive of dis
cipline. It is not too much to say
that discipline has vanished from th
schools. Far from applying" knowl
edge with a hickory .stick, we hav
gone to the other extreme of coaxing.
cajoling and humoring. There are
educator who favor excusing children
from task which are obnoxious and
distasteful ta them. Fsrcnts Join In
Naturally any advances and Im
provements In th standard of edu
cation must find origin In the activity
and growth of tho public mind. All
actlvttie merely reflect th character
of a people. Kxperlment and local
initiative are tho two force which
give th greatest promise of success.
Improvement of educational method
must romo as a growth rather than as
a revival meeting. Innovation or Fed
atwrLE cAr and r.rrrrr.
A parados Is seen by the Fprlr.r
field Republican In - tho effect of
President Wilson's success as leader
of hi party upon his chances of re
election. That Journal regards the
dissolution of the Progressive party
and Its reunion with tha Republicans
as a consequence of Mr. Wilson's suc
cess and as th probable causa of his
defeat, suggesting that. If he had been
lees successful, the Progressives would
havo again rallied to Colonel Roose
velt and by dividing- tho opposition
would havo brought about Mr. Wil
That Is great consolation to Mr.
Wilson for his prospective defeat. It
expresses the view of a Wilson ad
mirer, but the circumstances are open
o a far different Interpretation. While
claiming for Mr. Wilson success as a
political leader, th Republican con-
redes that as a statesman he "has
been hopelessly discredited by his
neutrality and Mexican policies." He
has also been discredited by tho fail
ure of tho Underwood tariff to yield
revenue or to revive industry, by the
Canal tolls law. tho Colombian treaty
and th shipping bill, by tho partisan
ship, spoils distribution and extrav
agance of his Administration. His
one conspicuous success has been the
Federal reserve system, but for that
he must divide credit with th Re
public..., who originally devised It
and helped finally to shape and pass
Is XI r. Wilson's failure as a
statesman rather than his success as
a political leader which has helped to
bring about reunion of th opposition.
Progressives havo seen how small
were their differences with Repub
licans by comparison with their re
pugnance to Democratic policy and
Incapacity. Republicans havo frankly
recogritxed that Progressives had som
Just cause for revolt and hav set
about removing that cause. The
President's fidelity to Democratic pol
icy snd his assaults on policies where
on these two parties agree have re
vived their devotion to Republican
principles to tho point where, for the
sake of those principles, they are
ready to forget their differences.
Mr. Wilson was elected aa a pro
gressive Democrat, snd as such was
expected by many to effect a coalition
with tho revolting Progressives and
with those Republicans of progressive
tendencies who did not revolt. The
event has proved that ho could not
have don sa without losing the sup
port of many In his own party. He
made some attempt to gain the one
point without losing the other, but he
failed. He Is now definitely estab
lished aa leader of the Democrats,
having first permitted Mr. Bryan to
discredit himself and then having
ousted him from that position. Any
hopes which th Progressives might
hav nourished, that he would tak
them into full partnership hav been
blighted, for. Ilk th Oregon non
partisan, he has tsken all ho could
get from them and has given them
nothing In return. Ha has w.in suc
cess as a politician In preference to
success as a statesman; success ss a
Draoc,raUa laadac ia raJartaco to
success as leader of a possible pro
gresslve coalition. His opponents are
simply taking the hint ha thus gave.
THE OTHER MIE Or THE IXIXiER.
In considering our moral right to
profit by the war must not forgot
the other side of tho account. At the
beginning this Nation and Its citizens
lost enormously by tho war. Our In
dustrial, commorclai and financial
systems wer deranged; th foreign
markets were closed to us snd for
eign supplies of many commodities
were and still are cut off from us;
stock exchanges wer closed, emer
gency currency was Issued and extra
ordinary measures were taken to pay
debts abroad; for months the cotton-
growing Industry hovered on tho brink
of ruin; tens of thousands of our
citizens were stranded In the war zone
anil were brought homo at great ex
pense by our Government: our
customs revenue was so diminished
that new internal taxes became neces
sary: tho spectacle of a world at war
la compelling us to add greatly to our
Wo have suffered all these Injuries
from the war, and have no means of
compensating ourselves except by
profiting from the commerce which
tho war has broucht to us. Neither
the .Nation nor Its citizens was re
sponsible for the harm ws suffered; It
was an Incidental consequence of the
war which wo have borne without
complaint. Wo should not be con
demned for deriving Incidental bene
fits, which hav lifted no finger
to seek and for which we would glad
ly substitute tho lens swollen, more
healthy profits of peace. So long as
wa do nothing to prolong tho wsr
and do our utmost, consistently with
our neutral position, to mitigate and
to and Its horrors, wo are gutltleas of
wrong In supplying tho demands of
th belligerents without regard to the
uso to which they apply their pur
chases. If an em bar sro were placed by this
Nation on sale of war munitions, what
would be the effect? One party to
tho war. w hich was III prepared, would
bo deprived of a large part of the sup
ply on which it had relied In falling
to provtdo a domestic supply adequate
to a struggle In which the entire man
hood of each nation was called Into
service. The other party, which was
well prepared, would thereby be given
a great advantage. Quite aside from
tho question of our duty not to deny
one party Its advantage In obtaining
through naval strength the supplies
which tho other party was unable te
obtain through failur to develop
greater naval strength, such a course
would bo grossly unfair. It would de
prtvo the on party of so great an
advantage that It might be treated as
a hostllo act and thus might draw us
Into the war. It would be more like
ly to prolong than to shorten tho war.
(or it would bring the supplies of the
two groups of belligerents near an
equsjity. Th desire to stop the
slaughter would thus be thwarted for
th death roll would be extended.
Dr. Tufts Is mistaken when ho savs
Seventh-Day Adventist pastors en
couraged a plnn to keep saloons pen
on bunday. That sect is noted for
Its opposition to the saloon and
strong- drink. To revise his statement
or recall it would bo doing Justice to
people sincere In their beliefs as
they are earnest in their practice.
utscretion, tral and Christian toler
ance are a trinity ta make the world
Th story of the New Haven Rail
road s affairs shows that its ruin had
been accomplished by Mr. Mellon and
those who controlled him long before
tho Government made a move. It Is
Idle for him to blame th Federal
prosecution for proclaiming an accorn
When in doubt, doi't. This applies
to eating pork sausage. How over,
pork that Is cooked as It should be
never barms anybody. Why raise
hogs In Oregon If the product can
not bo eaten because of fear of
Constantino Is said to be firm in
his determination not to let tho allies
force him Into tho war. All he need
do when ho feels a wavering is to
step Into tho kitchen and look at the
The President has become decided
ly more amenable to woman's In
fluence since his engagement to Mrs.
Gait. Ther are no more brusque dls
missals of suffragist delegations.
The Northwest, which Is the East
from this point of view, is three mil
lion tons of coal short and the nails
in the walls have not yet begun to
Th mutiny of a Bulgarian regi
ment was not incited by the Ford
plans for peace. Tho Bulgars wouldn't
know a Ford from a wheelbarrow.
The man who bathes regularly Sat
urday night If that custom still ex
ists will observe that soap went up
yesterday and not be wasteful.
Retreating Serbians have the ele
phant by the tail and cannot Tet go.
The back-tracking is hampered by
40,000 Austrian prisoners.
"Be it remembered." ss they say In
their records, that the members of
County Courts of Oregon are welcome
In the metropolis.
Fifth and Alder will be a real cross.
roads by tomorrow, with a corn show
in one corner and a poultry show in
Wilson Is stalling tho suffragettes
until after tho ceremony. Then It
will be as the "Missus" says.
Whst has become of the "war
babies" that threw a scandalous scare
fnto th world a year ago?
King Constantino sees that the
allies have not a winning hand and
refuses to back a loser.
Th Minnesota's troubles begin a
new phase In the fight for "freedom
of the seas "
Kipling has opportunity to immor
talize tha masterly retreat from Bag
dad. Many a lam duck corporation has
been put on Its feet by war orders.
This is farmers' week In Portland,
with all the shows running.
The ocean has a grudge on Bar
view snd Is pavlnz It off.
Th Senate takes three days
wh4cl. 14 xecovsd
How to Keep Well.
By Dr. W. A- Evaaa.
Qut!rtnB pertinent to nvrlene. sanlta
tlon sri trevenTlon of dllwj- If matte
of Kr.ersl Interest, will be answered in tcl
column. Wher sDacai will not t.emilt
th subject I cot aultsMe. letters will be
personally anawared, subject lo proper Urn
ia:ions ana wnT m stamped. nirrMci r
veiop Is Ineloaved. lir.Eaiia will not ma
diasitoais or nrescrlh for Individual d
eases. Kequeaia fur such ssrvic cannot be
iCinvrichl 1P1H. r.v Tr. W. A. Keen
Puh,inei tjr arrangement with Chlcag
This is physical examination
The managers of the Christmas tea!
campaign have asked their friends to
call attention on this one day at leas
to the need of systematic periodic pbya
leal examinations. I have done thi
more than once, and I am glad to do
it a sain.
The reason for the Interest of th
Christmas seal peopla Is that the
want consumption diagnosed earlier.
They know that the averas perBOn
who comes to their attention has b
consumption more, than a year, and very
many of them lost their chance
getting well before they began actively
to hunt for help.
The fact Is that a very largo portion
of the people with consumption do not
know that they have the disease until
their chance of getting well has bee
lost. Whenever a complete examlna
tlon of a large group of men has been
made it has always been found that
several suffering from consumption
were not aware of the disease.
People Judge of disease by symptom:
and of health by lack Of symptoms of
disease. llaease talks by symptoms
and that la the only means it has
communicating with the man whose
mind is engaged with bis business or
the woman who is busy with her noma.
As a matter of fact, symptoms is a very
faulty method of Judging of disease o
health. Some people have a great deal
of disease and no symptoms, and otn
era have a great many symptoms an
The doctor who treats the symptoms
of every patient who comes to him for
symptoms will be constantly pouring
medicine into g-ullets and the Christian
Scientist who follows the same polic
will be constantly pouring into ears
words. On the other hand, a great
many people In need of physical help
will not even know of their needs.
The plan of physical examination is
as follows: Once a year, or at some
other Interval, a man has himself thor
oughly examined regardless of w-hetbe
he has symptoms or not. The exami
nation covers his habits as well ss hi
physical examination. If he be foun
sick or below par physically, the need
treatment is recommended. If faulty
habits are discovered, changes are rcc
The adylce is How to Live and Keep
Well, or, and Qet Well. If the man
does not choose to accept the advic
that Is his business.
This proposal Is not new. A good
sized minority of those who read thi
statement are already following th
plan. To them it is no novelty. Th
majority of the people are on the old,
the last century, basis. Among those
who have gone on the new basis are
several groups of sufficient size to
form the basis of statistics. I will not
give the results In this column, but if
anybody wants to know where they oan
be found, a letter with stamped envel
ope for reply will bring the lnforma
Sweets for the Little Folk.
J. M. P. writes: "If a baby 3 years
old wishes to nibble at a quarter or a
third of a lump of sugar while her par
ents are eating their breakfast, which
is a time betwe&n meals for her. should
sne be allowed to do so? The child is
healthy and strong In every way, bu
seems to wish to nibble at a bit of
sugar. Would it be less harmful to
let her have a grape or a bit of but
tered toast? One of her parents main
tains that according to your teaching
she should be allowed the sugar, while
the other holds exactly the opposite
opinion. v ill you kindly answer
Ihrouga your column?
A child younsar ttian a years should eat
strictly sccordins to schedule. A child It
ysars and older can depart from schedule
to tn extent mentioned wltnout detriment
nmca brings tn question down to one
shout SUfar. A bit of buttered toast would
much better. If you meant to ask about
srapes. they would b oorn than aut;ar.
A child 2 years of sea can eat a third of
a 1UHID or sucar without disadvantage.
ehlld J years o.d or over can cat sugar land
cou.iyj m moaerat Quantity with ad van
I.etr Tire Kaaily.
J. C. S. wtltos: "Will you please ad
vise roe how to get rid of tired lc?e
and sometimes sore muscles? Every
time I ride a mile or two on my bike
my legs are very tired, and sometimes
my muscles get very sore."
Th followlnr advice is based upon th
assumption that you have no disease of
your cord, nerves or muscles. When the
muscles become sor as the result of ex
ercise. It la a alga that they hav been over-
Th man whose musclee become, sore as
th result or a mile on a blrvnlo is soft.
Clearly h should continue rldlntr. He is
in eaieciai neea or w4iat blcyclo rlulna- such
iy suggestion is mat you continue riding.
Probably yuu nd to ba more systematic
anout it. j-teria witn a mtia stunt and in
craas it very day.
Hardening ef Arteriea.
F. W. U writes: "Will you kindly
publish In your column the signs by
which one may know whether or not
his arteries are hardening or have
hardened? What are the medical tests?
The blood pressure la taken by an an-
paratua designed tor that purpose. The best
Other alrna sometimes present are albuml
nuns, dixxlnea and headaches. '
D. writes: "Kindly inform, me Is
there any danger in eating bread baked
by a baker having tuberculosis?"
Ye. If ha Is a careful man the danger
is not great.
WUE.V LECTl'RER DlPF.D HARVARD
Incident Related to Illustrate Abuses
of Kxiatinsr Systeaa.
J5AX.EM. Dec. 7. (To the Editor.)
"The Harvard Crimson pronounoes the
method (lectures jii our colleges)
clumsy, wasteful and inefficient." The
Oregonian, Dec. 3, 1915.
The students of Harvard (1S99) have
not forgotten the mishap of a European
lecturer. Escaped from the little City
of Nyon, he was Ignorant of English,
German. .Spanish or French. He only
knew his native gibberish. To a stupe
fied audience, be read some unfathom
Later on. we discovered that he had
been shortly dismissed from a Swiss
school for incapacity. He had never
been able to read or write correctly,
to recite or to extemporize even in
his dialect. He managed to take many
dollars away, but little esteem.
The suggestion of the Harvard Crim
son is not only "worthy of considera-
lon." but also of gratitude. For too
on; time have our universities been
the refuge of the scum of European
schools. . Eb WARD F.ODE.
Stars eon Weights 750 Pounds.
PORTLAND. Dec 7. (To the Editor.)
About '8 or '87 one of the express
companies of which there were the
Northern Pacific and Wells-Fargo Com
pany, shipped a sturgeon that was 12
eet long and the tag was marked 7a0
pound. I think It was shipped to
enver, Colo., it was sent over on the
old transfer steamer Willamette Chie.
from Ash-street wharf to the old Incline
where the Broadway brldze now is.
MERE EXCOntAGETIEWT OF FOLI.T
"Shop Early" Campbtga Designed to
sagmrat I'aeless Giving:.
POP.TLAN'D. Dec. 7. (To the Edi
tor.) The clamorous cry of Portland
merchants to "Do your shopping early"
is now due. Let me. raise one voice
against the folly of it. It is merely a
colossal advertising campaign to get
the people to spend more money for
gewgaws and a superfluity of useless
trash that they otherwise would not
buy. Ostensibly, the early shopping
campaign Is to secure a saner 23d or
Jtth of December. But that is merely
the mask. The real motive is to got
your last penny which might not be
spent if you would wait till the last
day to buy your presents.
Bless my soul, every merchant in
Portland would gladly have the mad
rush begin on December 1st and con
tinue up to and Inciud' Christmas
day. It Is a beautiful altruistic senti
ment for our benevolent merchants to
ssy: "Shop early and spare our erirls."
The salesladies of the department
stores certainly are worked , and
crowded- overmuch in the mad rush of
Christmas shopping, but I apprehend
that the department heads would be
glad to put them through a gruelling,
milling, maddening rush for 30 days
rather than for a week.
My apology for this letter Is simply
this: .That to our already bumptious
propensity for a useless extravagance
at Christmas time the folly ia fostered
and abetted by this annual cry of
"Shop early." We are not sane In our
Christmas shopping anyway now, why
encourage our weakness? To start
early is merely to multiply the list and
Increase the cost of Christmas.
I would not detract or suppress one
joy from any home in Portland next
Christmas. The genuine Christmas
spirit is a spirit of kinship, of fellow
ship and love. We should seek to
make it a rejuvenation of this mad old
commercial world, lly contention is
that profuse and costly gifts, bought
more for ostentation than usefulness.
more for the day than the year, does
not make for the Christmas spirit.
Believing that Christmas is not
bought In dollars' worth, and knowing
that hundreds of thousands of dollars'
worth of goods will ba delivered to
Portland homes this month in auto de
liveries, to be hauled out again in
Fsbruary and March as rubbish by the
garbage man, I raise a voice of pro
test against a campaign of excitement
and shopping fever.
S. J. CLARIDGE.
MIGHT GET AID FROM CERJIAXY
lae of Teuton A'avy to Protect Amer.
Iran Ships From Briton Suggested.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Dee. 7. (To th
Editor.) Mr. Myers' suggestion tha
we provide our merchant ships with
armed convoy Is timely and in order.
I will suggest that each of our mer
chantmen be furnished a convoy con
slating of two battleships, two cruisers
and four destroyers.
The trouble is our Kavy Is too small
to permit of doing this. But, Oer
many's war strategy seems to have
outlined no programme for her navy
It has lain idle in port for 16 months
It would be but a friendly act on th
part of a friendly nation for her to
send out her fleet and assist us 1
protecting our ships from molestation
by the meddlesome Briton.
Further, Mr. Myers' time may have
been limited when he addressed hi
note to The' Oregonian. Otherwise h
certainly would not have overlooked
the necessity of increasing our regula
Army to a standing strength of
least 2.000.000 men In order to protect
our manufacturing interests from be
Inir destroyed through acts of on
country's enemies who reside here with
us and enjoy all privileges and liber
tie which we enjoy.
My suggestion regarding Germany
offering us the protection of her navy
has a double purpose. Remaining fo
such a lengthy reriod In port cannot
hi. conducive to the health of the per
sonnel of her navy. It would certainly
do the boys good t? get a sniff of salt
air and see blue water once more.
, J. HAUULU.
TWO I.AXDS OF PIRE DELIGHT.
"There Is a land of pure delight
Where saints immortal reign.
Exquisite day excludes the night
And pleasures banish pain."
So saner the Christian folk of long ago,
Their breasts with living names oi
Their eyes with pure religious fire
As on that land they fixed their
And worshipers today yet sing the
Of that old cheery, heaven Inspired
Sintr of tho land where deathless
And sacred music speeds the hours
There is a land of pure delight!" How
The thought that when from sinful
earth we soar
We'll press our wounded, journey-
UBon the sands of that immortal
How sweet to know that not a worldly
Can follow us across the Great
But that eternal peace will bless us
When we are safe upon the .other
Yet there are many who would choose
Upon the earth, would heaven but
will it so.
Who'll feel regret when they are called
And be quite strongly disinclined
Although the land of which the saints
May bo a land of pure delight,
Reluctant to give up a dead sure thing
For one that's wrapped in sacred
There is another land of pure delight.
And. though it may not boast of
May have an equal share of day and
And pleasures may not always banish
Tiie people who inhabit It if they
The choosing or a iuture nomo were
Would almost every one prefer to stay
Here in their own lair oregonian
JAMES BARTOM ADAMS.
THE FIRST SWEETHEART.
When the sun has kissed the mountains
in the west.
When the purple robes of twilight start
When my dreams are turning home
ward. X recall
The sweetheart that I'll always love
Her hair is turning silver with the
And her step is growing feeble day by
But the kindly smile continues still to
the eyes that oft for me were
dimmed with tears.
Oh, mother, best of sweethears, best of
Tis you that draws aside the veil of
nd greets us with the first sweet
voice we know;
our soul with ours aspires, with ours
...en, should we douot, amid our eartn-
That Gor created angels here below?-
In Other Days
Twenty-five Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of December 8, 1810.
The king o- humorists. A. Miner
Grlswold.-editor of the-Texas Sittings,
better known as tho "fat contributor,"
Sol Watson, brother of B. F. Watson,
of this city, and of W. W. Watson, died
at -Orting; Wash., yesterday morning.
Detective Gritzmacher, chief of the
Portland detective force, stated yester
day that it is not yet known who will
be implicated -l the alleged steamship
dock swindle, as the books of the com
pauny have not been thoroughly ex
amined. Jacob Kamm will build, no one knows
how high or how fine, at the corner
of First and Washington streets.
Work is going ahead on the massive
foundations for the Chamber of Com
merce building, and Mr. Bamford is
doing a Job that he can feel proud of.
The characteristic and romantic dra
ma, "The Waif of the Sierras." will
be the bill at Cordray's Theater this
week, beginning tonight.
TROUBLES OF PEACE MISSIONARY
Mr. Fogarty Discusses Regrets ef Those
Who Couldn't Join Mr. Ford.
PORTLAND, Dec. 7. (To the Edi
tor.) Now that me frind Henery
For-r-d has intristed himself on behalf
of peace, I'm lookin' for evints to hap
pen. When they star-r-ted that boycott
on the jitneys in the war zone, I knew
that Henery wouldn't stand for it. Now
he's sola' right ahead to get the Frlnch
and the other fellows iu a good humor
wid his make.
Some of tho folks that's asked
couldn't go along, to be sure, but there's
always some that didn't tell the boys
to ljve in trinchea, and they're among
those prisint on the boat,
Guvnir Witticum couldn't lave. What
wid his spaichmakin' at all the doins
in the commonwilth, the cares of state
and his kapin' one eye on Mr. OW'est,
the Guvnir's busy.
Guvnir X,ister-r finds it inexpadient
to get away. It isn't so much tile cares
of state, nor the fact that he doesn't
want the men out of the tiinches. as
it is watchin' that High Gill don't bate
him to it on the tu-r-key trot an' other
forms of dancln". High is reported to
have learned several steps li ona
avenin'. and the Guvnir is alar-r-med.
Guvnir Johnson, of C'aliforny. couldn't
spare the time to settle the war befor
the holidays. He has Tiddy and the
yellow perrul and the I. W. W.'s to
dale with, and the thought of havliV
to stop a fight in so many furrin lan
guages wuz distractin' to Hiram.
The President himself isn't lookin
for peace right away. If he was he
wouldn't be thinkin' of gettin' spliced.
I'm married, and I know whin 1 had
peace and whin I was glad to take to
the trineh. If yie Prisident decides to
talk peace he'll write a note to the f ur
riners widout usin' Henery's stationery.
"On to the trinclies! Ivery one of
yez come out not later than Christmas
mornin." says Henery.
I'm doubtln' if Henery gets all the
flghtin" men home in time to hang up
their stockins, but he'll be gettin" a
big lot of advertlsin' for his jitneys.
That is, he'll be gettin' the notoriety
in this country. Unless he can get the
furriners to stop killin' one another
there won't be any one left over there
to ride in his 1916 model.
I'm doubtful to some ixtint as to the
succiss of tho expaydition. What wid
submarines on the way that don't re
spict the rights of the people oh the
boats, and the intanglemints of diplo
macy that seem to lncompass all the
land In Europe available for iightln.
there isn't, accordin' to my mind, any
place where Henery can hire a hall to
pr-roclaim his missage of "Peace on
earth, and to you fellows who're hidin'
under the surface Come out, K-ery
mother's son of ye. The war-r-s over."
NO EXEMPTION FOR OLD MAIDS
Singleness Own Fault, Therefore, Tax
Them With Bachelors.
SILVERTON", Or., Dec. 6. (To the
Editor.) I wish to take issue with
Merry Widow, who writes concerning
tho bachelor tax. Her statement that
women have to sit back and wait until
the spirit moves man to propose seems
to me ridiculously untrue. The women
even go into print to make, us men
think that we instead of they do tha
choosing of mates. I can just imagine
woman sitting behind a cook stove
waiting for a man to propose. BoshI
When a woman wants a man she just
smiles at the poor dood, men Keeps
him guessing, and she has caught a
sucker. I think that if a bachelor
should be taxed for not proposing mar-
riae-e. the eirl should be taxed tor
saying no to the ardent pleadings of
her Romeo. Wild and selfish passion is
too often mistaken for love, thereby
creating the divorce evil. When we love
a person they have no faults.
I nm nor worrvinjr about leap year.
I wish that some nice young lady would
propose to me just to see how heaven
seems. But for the question. Some
married woman please answer. Can
man marry, live ana raise cnuureu
decently on $2.50 per day?
After the War.
AIRLIE. Or., Dec. 6. (To the Edi
tor.) Will you ten in a geuern j
the views of tne leading mwi""-
as to tne rinancm.i couuiuv,...
United States after tne ciose ui
European war? Yours respectfully.
There are about as many opinions as
there are financiers.
One authority lately cuuiciiuu .....
the belligerents by "mobilizing ti-xeu.
capital." had increased tne volume ui
capital; that money would therefore be
easy. Another held that the war was
exhausting European capital and that
... imarin reservoir would not be
sufficient to supply the demand.
PORTLAND. Dec. 7. (To the Editor.)
Allow me to make a remark on Mr.
Evans article in j.ne iw'"-.
tells us Germany is not eiticient. m
anything but militarism. But does ho
not understand that there must be effi
ciency in everything else before there
can be emcieiu mim...
When Germany takes caro oi u,w,-
000 people on a piece or lana not.
size of Texas, that nation deserves the
honor of the worm. .v-
How Ho Found Out.
Bertrand (on a visit back homeH
Tou don't mean to say lii"
Oleblush is still in the market?
Steward Well, you see, she has a
Store keepers are constantly beset
by salesmen. They must buy care
fully or they fail.
They must buy goods that move
quickly. Profits that rest on the
thelf are not much good at the bank.
' It pavs the retailer to be friendly
to goods backed up by newspaper
advertising, for these goods have
motive power behind them.
It pavs him to back up the news
paper advertising, to show the goods
in the windows, and to push them.
It is discrimination that pleases