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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 28, 1915)
74; fei? a
VOL. LV-NO. 17,039.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JULY 38. 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TANKS PIPED DRY
Captain Unable to Act
VESSEL GROUNDS ON BOTTOM
Harbor Officials Say Capacity
Was Largely Exceeded
REDFIELD DENIES LAXITY
Secretary of Commerce Declares
Federal Inspectors Did Duty.
Passenger Allowance Ttecent
..' ly Increased by 5O0.
CHICAGO, July 27. Overloading, un
derballasting and gro-.tnding on the
river bottpm today were cited In testi
mony at the Coroner's inquest by two
experts as reasons why the steamer
Kastland toppled over Saturday at its
wharf and drowned hundreds of excur
sionists. Adam K. Weckler, harbormaster,
and Joseph R. Lynn, assistant harbor
master, both of whom were present
when the steamer capsized, in ascrib
ing: the accident to these causes told
the Coroner's Jury that the boat was
"cranky" and should never have been
permitted by the Government inspec
tors to carry more than half the 2500
persons It was entitled to transport
under its license.
Red field Denies Lax lnpectlom.
While the Coroner's Jury was hear
lng testimony in an attempt to fix the
blame for the catastrophe. Secretary of
Commerce Kedfield looked over the
upset boat and watched divers comb
the wreck and surrounding water and
recover three more bodies. He made
statements to the effect that the Gov
ernment supervision had not been lax
and that the Eastland had carried
safely many more passengers than
were aboard when the ship rolled over.
The harbormaster, Mr. Weckler, tes
titled he arrived at the Eastland's
wharf 20 minutes before the steamer
was due to start, and saw the boat list
ing to port. He said he called to Cap
tain Federson, of the Eastland, to trim
the vessel, shouting that be would not
open the Clark-street bridge until the
boat. was righted.
Ballast Tanks romped Dry.
Mr. Weckler said the captain tried
to right the ship, but seemed unable
to take water into the ballast tanks
fast enough. The harbormaster said
he had no doubt the tanks had been
pumped dry, but that the captain
should have been able to fill them in
from 3 to 6 minutes if nothing had
been wrong with the ballast tank
"I never saw the Eastland loaded so
heavily as it was Saturday morning,"
said Mr. Weckler, "and I have seen her
depart many times.
"I don't think that the Easlland
should have been allowed to carry
more than 1200 passengers, because it
did not have enough draft and stability
to carry a larger load.
"Only last Tuesday I told Caprain
Pedersen that his boat needed trim
ming, as it was constantly traveling on
its ears. He said that the twin screws
of the ship kept the Eastland on an
even keel while under water.
s Captain Unable to Trim Vessel.
"After his arrest I heard Captain
Federsen say that he tried for 17 min
utes to trim the steamer, but could
not get water into the ballast tanks
fast enough. I don't believe Captain I
Pedersen realized the danger until the
ftnal plunge came."
Mr. Lynn, assistant harbormaster,
testified that he arrived just as tho
Eastland was due to start. He saw
the dangerous list of the steamship and
called the police and fire departments,
returning to the wharf to see passen
gers leaping from . the decks to the
"I believe,", said Mr. Lynn, "that tnc
ship was on the bottom aft of mid
ships." Captain John O'Meara, of the tug
Kenosha, which was hitched to the
Eastland to tow the ship out of the
river, testified he did not take hold of
the Eastland until after 7:25, several
minutes after the ship had begun to
list, according to other witnesses.
Even then he waited for word to go
lhead, and the captain of the Eastland
was not working out the stern, as was
necessary to protect the screws. Cap
tain O'Mara said ' he finally got the
word to go ahead, but before the tow
line was taut' the Eastland had listed,
and he stopped.
Fajssensfer Allowance Increased.
Federal officers then ' submitted the
Government inspection certificate, in
eluding the latest one.issued by Robert
Reid, Jul 2, 1915. at the request of
Captain Pedersen, of the Eastland.
that the carrying allowance be in
creased. This certificate allowed the
Eastland to take on 2570 passengers,
an Increase of 500 over previous per
Efforts to check up the total num
ber of lives lost by the upsetting of
the Eastland made no progress today
While the list of missing grew, only
three bodies were recovered and divers
said that probably not more than
core of victims remained in the ship.
A contract to raise the steamer was
Concluded on rage 3, Column J-.
FAIL AT LESSONS
EFFORT TO TEACH ENGLISH
Pacific Mail Official Says It Will
Be Impossible to Comply With
New Seaman's lair.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 27 Efforts
to teach English to Chinese crews on
Pacific Mail Steamship, Company ves
sels have failed, it was said today by
A. J. Frey, assistant to the vice-presi
dent and general manager of the com
pany. The experiment was made In the
hope of complying with requirements
of the seaman's act, effective In No
vember, which will require that 75 per
cent of crews in all departments shall
understand any order given by their
officers In the native language of the
Phrase books a third of an inch
thick, with the English and Chinese
equivalents, were distributed to the
Chinese nearly two months ago. The
crews received two hours' instruction
daily on -ne voyage. It will require
more than a month more for the In
structors t complete the round of ves
sels. Mr. Frey said the experiment had
failed already. .
"Many members of the Chinese
crews, he said, do not even read their
own language. Some of the better
classes have learned a little, but It is
impossible to comply with the seaman's
act, which will require them to under
stand "any order.' " He said there might
have been a little hope if it were neces
sary to teach the crews to understand
only "necessary ordr."
AIRMAN ATTACKS VERONA
Bombs Also Dropped on Ancona;
None Hurt In Either City.
VERONA, Italy. July 27. About a
dozen bombs were dropped in this city
today by an Austrian aeroplane. There
were no victims of the air attack and
the damage done to property was ir
slgn'flcant. An alarm was given as soon as the
Austrian machine made its appearance
over Verona -.nd all lights were extin
guished. All the forts defending the
city directed a fire at it, but after
throwing down the bombs it succeeded
At the same time two hydro-aeroplanes
dropped bombs on Ancona. No
one was hurt.
FRENCH ATTACK KAMERUN
German Post in African Colony Oc
cupied by Congo Forces.
, PARIS. July 27. The Governor-General
of the French Congo, which ad
joins the German colony of Kamerun,
telegraphs that, after a series of com
bats t Monso Besam and Assaobam, a
French column occupied the important
German post of Loraie, June 25.
The column then advanced as far as
Dschaposten, joining another French
force, which occupied strong positions
to the north and northwest as far as
The entire Nzemou region, according
to the Governor-General's telegram, is
in open insurrection against the Ger
mans. Minister Morris Operated On.
CHICAGO, July 27. Ira Nelson Mor
ris, United States Minister to Sweden,
is in a hospital after an operation to
day for the removal of a cystic tumor
of the throat. The surgeons an
nounced that the condition of Mr.
Morris was good and said he would
be able to leave the hospital wit'iin
two weeks. Mr. Morris arrived here
last Friday on a leave of absence.
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TENSION ABSENT IN
CASE OF LEELANAW
Time Is Given Crew to
BOATS ARE TOWED 50 MILES
Treaty, However, Provides' for
Surrender of Contraband.
FURTHER FACTS AWAITED
Case Regarded as One Likely to In-
volve Correspondence Similar
to That in Case of Amer
ican Ship Frye.
WASHINGTON, July 27. Information
on one point whether the captain of
the 'American steamer Leelanaw was
requested to deliver out the contraband
in his cargo and was willing to do so
ls needed by the United States Gov
ernment before officials can determine
the nature of representations to be
made to Germany on the destruction of
the vessel by a German submarine.
The Prussian-American treaty of
1S28 provided that the vessels of either
party, when encountered in time of
war, could not be detained if contra
band were given up. Should it de
velop that the Leelanaw's skipper was
ready to surrender the contraband, the
United States will present a note de
scribing the occurrence as a violation
of that treaty.
Veaael ' Vlalted and Searched.
The rules of visit and search evi
dently were followed to the letter by
the commander of the German subma
rine, according to official reports thus
far received, and due precautions taken
for the sateiy of the crew. Consul
General Skinner, at London, sent today
the following message:
"Leelanaw's crew proceeding to Dun
dee. Captain torpedoed ship states to
consular agent at Kirkwall that he
had ample time to leave ship before
being fired on. Crew went on board
submarine and remained some time.
Ship's boats taken in tow 50 miles."
Previous messages had reported that
the crew landed at Kirkwall in the
Leelanaw's own boats.
Dangerons Aspect Removed.
The saving of the crew removed from
the case dangerous aspects which
might otherwise have brought another
climax in the relations between the
two governments. There was an ab
sence of tension today, for the case
was regarded by officials as a diplo
matic controversy which would require
further legal argument, such as was
made in the case of the William P.
Frye. Liability probably will be ad
mitted again by Germany. It was
thought. The fact that Germany is dis
puting the meaning of the treaty of
1828 in the Frye case has led to th
belief that a similar position would be
taken by the German Foreign Office
In the present instance.
Under the circular note sent by Ger
many to neutral governments, which
reached here May 11. an offer to arbi
trate disputes which might arise in
(Concluded on Pafe 2. Column 1.)
MEX WHO ARE FORMULATING PLANS FOR ADEQUATE DEFENSE OF UNITED STATES.
CHIEF OF ARMY litMittAL STAFF.
INDEX OF TODArS NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 70
decrees; minimum, tio degrs. ,
TODAY'S Showers, southwesterly wind.
Submarines menace Brltlah fishing fleet.
French army overcomes tremendoui ob
stacle in" mountain campaign. Paga
Ruaalana report Germans halted, rasa 2.
Massacre of political prisoners and street
battles rend Port-au-Prince. I'ia 3.
Tension relaxes when Captain of Leelanaw
aas ample notice waa given htm to leava
vessel, page 1.
Army and Naval boards soon to show Pres
ident ouilina of defenae plan. Page 1.
Eastland's ballast tanka aald to have been
pumped dry. page 1.
Efort to teach English to Chines seaman
laus. page 1.
Supreme Court rul-s Jitney law invalid on
technicality. Paxe a.
Washington Mate prohibition law la held
valid by Thurston County Superior Judge.
Pacific Coast Uaitue results Portland 2.
Vernon 1; Oakland 11. Kan Francisco ;
I-o. Angeles 8. bali Like 7 (11 limine.
Rip H(trtnn, of Cleveland, loaes 1-0 game
to vvasnington. giving only two hits,
while Gallia gives one hit. Pago 10.
Catlin Wolfard decisively defeats O. P.
Morton in Oregon state tennis tourney.
Western athletic associations to protest
ag ilnst domination by East, page 11.
Commercial and Marine,
Columbia River aalmon pack Increaaed, but
market la aiow. page lu.
Wheat advances nt Chicago on fresh black
rust report. Page lo
Resumption of activity In railroad stocks at
higher prices. Page l..
Columbia Klver forts to be specially In
spected. Page 12.
Portland and Vicinity.
Expert accountant say Cashier Company
contracted to Issue $3."o.uO0 mora than
entire capital stock. Pag 1.
Chicago musical authority urges Coast cities
to form one symphony orchestra for all.
Mysterious woman silently watches every
phase of Dodge lumber trial. Pag 11.
Minor rat cases to b heard today by In
terstate Commerce Commission examiner.
Harry Turtledove, well-known high school
student, killed by auto. Page 12.
School Board names musicians 'to Instruct
student orchestras. Pag 11.
Oregon's scenic wonders will feature land
show. Page 7.
Twenty buyers. In one-minute talks, to Telate
- attractions or own towns. Pag 13.
Runner of F-8 takes Portland bride. Page .
Portland offer aviation school sites. Page 4.
Weather report, data and forecast. Pag 15.
2 CRUISERS IN TYPHOON
American Vessels Keel Full force of
Great Storm at Shanghai.
. SHANGHAI. July 27. A great ty
phoon sprang up at midnight last
night and is still raging furiously.
The United States cruisers Saratoga
and Cincinnati felt the full force of tbe
storm. The Saratoga's anchors were
holding, "but the Cincinnati was slowly
drifting and preparations were made
to get the cruiser under steam.
A large amount of damage has been
done ashore. Most of the trees along
the bund were blown down.
A large steamer Is ashore at Gar
den Point, and launches, yachts, pon
toons and cargo boats are being
ground to matchwood along the wall
of the ound.
WORMY FRUIT DEFENDED
Washington State College Knlomolo
gist Crltici.cs Inspectors.
STANFORD UNIVERSITY. Cal.. July
27. A. A. Melander. professor of ento
mology at Washington State College, in
an address today before the California
state fruitgrowers' convention on "The
Abuses of Horticultural Inspectors."
criticised Inspectors and commissioners
in Washington and California. '
He said they were responsible for
big losses to growers and increased
prices to consumers through the con
demnation of wormy and scabby fruits,
which he said were not injurious to
CE.TER SECRET AUV OF WAIi GARRISON. RIGUT BUIGADIEU-GEAEILIL
CASHIER STOCK SAID
TO BE OVER-SOLD
Expert Tells of Con
tinuation of Sales.
BUSY PUNTS ARE PICTURED
Letter Announces Plan for
24-Hour Factory Shifts.
ADVISORY PLACE OFFERED
More Iteauets for Mcsmcrs From
Sales Manager to Agents Are
Read During Trial and Mix
When stock of the United States
Cashier Company was taken off the
market by order of the directors in
January. 1912. $356,000 worth more
than the entire amount of capital stock
had been issued and contracted to issue,
Hiram S. House, expert accountant for
th Covernment. testified Just before
court adjourned In the Cashier Com
nany trial yesterday.
Mr. House said the entire amount of
stock of the par value of 110 Issued
and contracted to issue totaled $1,556.
000. To meet this waa the company's
capitalization of $1,200,000. The $1,556.
000 issued. Mr. House said. Included
1705.000 worth of stock Issued and
placed in escrow to protect the patents
of the company.
Details of tho sale of $50,000 worth
f .toclt to Frederick Tllllnghaat, of
New York, now dead, also were re
lated bv Mr. House. Mr. Tilllnghast,
he said, bought 1670 shares at $30
share in October. 1912. In September
he had made an advance payment of
31.0O0 Paid ta Cash.
Following the sale, in October, he
paid the company $31,000 cold cash. In
November he paid another $8000. and
In December finished the transaction
with a final payment of $9000.
of thla monev. Mr. House went on
to testify, his examination of tho'
books showed that $5000 In commis
sions had been paid Frank Menefee.
president; $tl00 to F. M. LeMonn,
sales manager. and $7500 to Ed
Amsden. the sulesnian who put through
the dicker, making a total in com
missions of $16,600.
It developed that $900 in commis
sion had been "held out' on Mr.
LeMonn at that, and that he had in
tended to sue the company for the
amount, but desisted when it was rep
resented to h'im that hi action might
injure the company beyond repair.
Sale After Withdrawal. Report. .
Martin L. Pipes, chief of counsel
for the defense, on cross-examination,
asked Mr. House If the' $5000 commis
sion Mr. Menefee got was not in ac
cordance with the contract by which
he was to take a 10 per cent com
mission on stock sales In lieu of sal
ary. Mr. House said this was true.
Judge Bean brought out. through
questioning of Mr. House, the point
that this sale of $50,000 worth of
stock had actually been made eight
months after the order of the directors
withdrawing all company stock from
O. K. Gcrnert. ex-assl.tant sales-man-
tConrlmled on Pane 'J. rolumn 3.
Tuesdays War Moves
THE: Austro-German attempts to en
velop th Russian armies defending
Warsaw and to capture the Polish cap
ital, which for a time progressed al
most with the momentum an of
fensive, which clearcti;;os J of the
Russian troon ri -.-en brought
nearly t q v -ml, and where the
moving forward. It is said
they re gaining only yard by yard and
at a tremendous cost of men and ma
terial. The German Field Marshal von
Markensen has taken a few villages on
the way to the Lublin-Chelm railway,
between the Vistula and the Bug rivers.
and th Austrlans. by a counter-
offensive at SokaJ. have captured posi
tions which will make the German
flank safer, but. as has so often oc
curred lately, Berlin officially reports!
that "otherwise the position of the Ger
man troops under Von Mackcnsen re
Along tho western bank of the
Vistula from Ivangorod to Novogeorgl
evsk. even less progress apparently
has been made, while along the Narew.
where Field Marshal von Hlndenberg
has been directing operations in an ef
fort to drive a wedgo In behind the
city, he is .now largely occupied in
meeting the Russian counter-attacks.
These counter-attacks, according to
Petrograd. have succeeded in forcing
the Germans, who had crossed the
river, to return to the northern bank
at several points, but Berlin asserts
that they completely failed, and says
the German force Is advancing in an
The Russians, who were defeated in
the Baltic provinces recently, also have
turned, and, according to the Berlin of
ficial report, have delivered an attack
from Mitau, which, however, was re
Further to the south the Germans
continue their advance eastward toward
the Viln-Petrograd railroad, but there
is much territory to cover before this
Is reached, and It is considered more
likely that General von Buelow. who
Is in command here.' will turn to th
southwest to threaten the Russiai
armies which are facing Von Hinden
Everywhere the battles are at their
height, especially those in which Von
Mackensen Is engaged.
Military critics believe this is the
most critical engagement of the ca
patgn. for the whole German plan de
pends on his reaching the Lublln-Cheira
With interest largely centered on the
east, the Important offensive of the
French in Alsace has been almost dis
regarded. The French report another
success to the north of Munater. which
apparently Is their objective, and the
repulse of a series of German counter
attacks. The French have concentrated
much artillery in this region, and with
high explosives have been simply tear
ing up the German defensive works.
which are jtmong the strongest along
the whole line.
Artillery likewise is playing an Im
portant part In the battle on the
Isonzo, where the Italians are reported
to have concentrated for three days
their fire on the Austrian positions. This
fire is said to have exceeded in violence
that which the Austro-Germans em
ployed against the Russians In West
Gaticta. which up to that time was the
must terrific ever experienced In war.
FRENCH SUBMARINE SUNK
German TL'-Hoat llcported Victor Inl
Duel in Dardanelles.
BERLIN. July 27, by wireless to Say
vllle. N. Y. The French submarine
Mariette was destroyed by a German
submarine on July 26 In the narrows
of the Dardanelles, according to a dis
patch from Constantinople to tie Mlt
Thirty-one membtrs of the French
submarine's crew were captured.
BLISS. ASSISTANT CIUEF OF STAFF.
DEFENSE NOW BEING
OUTLINED BY CHIEFS
General Plan Soon io
Be Shown President.
BOARDS BEGIN CONFERENCES
Navy Awaits Further Lessons
of War in Europe.
EX-SAILORS TO BE LISTED
Department of Labor Gathers Data
of Men Available for Reserve Sea
men Prosress In Army Re
organization Being Tabbed.
WASHINGTON. July 27. (Special.)
Officials of the War and Navy De
partments began today a series of
conferences for lha purpose of pre
paring preliminary reports for Pres
ident Wilson to show the progress
that had been made In formulating
plans for better National defense, on
which work has been in progress for
Secretary Garrison, who came to
Washington today from Seabrlght. N.
J, conferred with Assistant Secretary
of War Breckcnridge; Major-General
Scott, chief of the Army General
Staff; Brigadier-General Bliss, assist
ant chief of staff: Major-General
Aleshlre. head of the Quartermaster's
Corps; Brigadier-General Mills, chief of
the militia division of the General
Staff; Brigadier-General Crozier. chief
of ordnance, and other officers.
avr Hoard Alao I'rrparri Data.
T las general board of .the Navy held
a meeting to prepare data for Secre
tary Daniels to present to President
Wilson on his return to Washington.
It Is not the Intention of either the
Army or Navy officials charged with
this duty to perfect programmes Jt
this time for a comprehensive schema
of National defense that will embrace
a considerable Increase In the per
sonnel of the Army and In the num
ber of vessels composing the fleet.
President Wilson wunts to know what
progress has been made so far toward
agreeing on such programmes, and the
conferences today were held to ar
range for drawing up preliminary
statements on the subject.
Arsar Reorganisation I'laaaed.
Secretary Garrison says that lie
hoped to present to President Wilson
when the latter returns to Washington
from Cornish a general outline of the
proposed Army reorganization. It was
not a rush order, said Mr. Garrison,
but would be a report on what the
War Department administration had
been doing for some time.
The general board of the Navy, of
which Admiral Dewey Is the presi
dent, decided at Its meeting today that
It would not allcmpjp at this time to
complete. Its plans for an Increase of
the fleet or determine Its recommenda
tions on the other question that have
to do with tiava! preparcdners. An
outline of the views of the board wl'l
be presented to Secretary Daniels for
the information of the President, but
the members of the board thought It
wiser to wait until Just before the
convening of Cong res to perfect the
Ideas that have Impressed them in
considering measures for a naval con
l.c.ios to Be Take Kroaa Kurosie.
The board members were Influenced
in this opinion by the desire to ob
tain additional Information as to the
progress of naval warfare in Europe.
They thought that something would
be gained if they waited until the last
practicable moment before the conven
ing of .Congress, so as to take advan
tage of the latest available Informa
tion from the war zones.
At the request of the Navy Depart
ment, the Department of Labor has"
undertaken to obtain a list of former
enlisted men of the Navy now em
ployed by industrial concerns and In
other employment. The purpose of tho
list Is to enable the Navy Department
to make further preparations for the
formation of an adequate reserve to be
called to tha colors In time of -war.
RUSSIANS TAKE ZEPPELIN
(Irrman War Balloon Kenorted Cap
tured Near Serock.
rETROGRAD. July 27. The official
Russian rVport rcaarding the urn
palgn around Warsaw says:
'In the region of the village of Se
rock we raptured one Zeppelin. 700
prisoners and several Maxima. An en
emy counter attack from Cotuitantl-
now was repuisexi rjy armorea motor
OREGON RANCHER IS SHOT
Accusation of Incendiarism l?rin;
Klre Wiuolt eeriouly Wounds.
MERRILL, Or.. July 27. (Special.)
E. A. Lawrence was shot and serlously
rounded by Billy Todd on the Law
rence ranch near nere tnia morning
following the burning of Lawrence's
barn yesterday and an accusation by
Lawrence that Todd had set the fire.
The Klamath-Falls Orpheus Theater
waa a total loss by fire early this