Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, June 21, 1915, Image 1

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VOIi. IV XO. 17,027.
Congressional Delega
tion Views Work.
Guns Craftily Hidden in
Sylvan Glade.
Music and Dancing Accom
pany Luncheon Under Fire.
looted Troops Xot Like Type Seen
With Buffalo Bill McCormick
Describes Hearty Welcome
Accorded to Americans.
XCopyrlKht. 1913. ly th Chicago Tribune.
Publlsttea by an-ansemeuL.;
Slay 12. In my diary of April 11 la
written the name of a Russian General
who grave us a day of days because of
fcls friendship for America. Thank
heaven, we rose early that day.
Our way lay straight west over the
road the Germans had marched to at
tack "Warsaw and again on the retreat.
They came within eight miles of the
city and were expecting: to crown a
King when the Russian guard arrived
ut that is history, not reminiscence.
Down this road we came bumping: in
the German ruts and wondering
whether the aeroplane flying high
above would expend a shell upon so
small an object as an automobile. It
did not, and we arrived at , the head
quarters of the commanding General.
What is the strange psychplogy that
causes the mind depressed by the eight
of wounded men to be cheered by the
sound of the cannon that wounded
them, the popping corks of the wine of
Sound of Gom Give Cheer.
Whatever the explanation, our party
brightened as the guns began to sound
above the carriage wheels which bore
us on the- third stage of our journey.
A shell hole blocked the road before
the General's door, a chance visitor
which had killed a sentry at the rear
pne day while the General waa ou the
firing line.
The General himself was in the gar
den, a kindly man who welcomed us
with a short speech as representatives
ot the great American Nation, in which
lie had spent delightful hours and
which he delighted to honor. The
(division was ours to command.
A cavalry drill was arranged, and a
revue of infantry. He was about to
bombard a German sap. Yea, and if we
wanted -to very much we could enter
the trenches. But we must be careful.
He would never forgive himself if we
should be hurt while his guests. Then
Interested questions as to the success
of the San Francisco Exposition, and.
before we knew it we were among a
eotnia of Cossack cavalry. Called
Botnia from the number apt 100 men.
Coiuck "ot Like Show Type.
The Cossacks are humpy looking
men, with round fur caps and sheep
skin coats. They never wash or shave.
Also they have more wives than teeth.
Yes, I have been to Buffalo Bill's and
seen them, too. Apparently Buffalo Bill
has got them all. At least I have not
seen any of that kind in Russia.
The Russians know something about
this reputation. When I first came to
headquarters the Grand Duke asked
me as a pleasantry to pick out the Cos
sack officers. This was puzzling, as no
one present could come within my pre
conceived, opinion of them, least of all
the three blonde, close-cropped young
men who always smiled so affably at
my opinion.
When the aoldiexs were dismounted
there was nothing to indicate the Cos
sack, unless it was that the horses
seemed too nervous to drilL But when
they mounted and swung: into line!
Sons of Castor and Pollux! Nothing but
International polo can equal It.
They wheeled, and they counter
marched, and they charged.
They formed a skirmish line on foot,
and they leaped back on their mounts.
1 cannot describe it, but' the cinema
can cinema, the modern wax corre
spondent. Regiment's Lou Already 60O0.
This regiment contained 3060 men as
we saw it. It had already lost 6000
killed and wounded. I wondered how
many of the original number remained.
The General greeted his men heartily.
"Good morning, boys," said the Gen
' eraL
"Good health to your excellency,"
roared back the regiment.
I had already learned that the Gen
eral loved bis men. The tone of the
men's reply showed that they loved
their General.
And how they stood at attention! De
veloping that cohesion of mind that will
hold them together when the next great
trial comes.
I had a good chance to look them over
as we rode up and down the line. I saw
that the officers set good examples in
bearing to their men. In particular I
noticed a red-bearded Captain holding
m. great curved sword, and I thought of
cl story John McCutcheon brought home
from the campaign in Belgium, and
grinned right in the review almost.
The regiment turned into column and,
band leading, passed before the Gen
eral. Battery la Well Hlddea.
The men marched to their canton-
(Concluded on Face Column 2.)
Highest Average Score for Ten Ex
hibits Is Attained and Other
Prizes Come North.
cisco, June 20. (Special.) Portland
wins the grand prize, a gold medal, and
$100 in gold for the highest average
score for ten regular exhibits of milk.
This Is the Board of Health prize for
which all strove.
Portland :-lso wins a gold medal for
the largest total number of regular
exhibits of milk and cream; the silver
and bronze medal for pasteurized milk;
the bronze medal for pasteurized
cream, J. E. Schultz, of the Wil
lamette dairy, being the winner.
Damascus Creamery wins a silver
medal for pasteurized -milk; the
Hygela dairy, a bronze medal; Oregon
Agricultural College, a bronze medal
for the college class. Portland's high
est average is 95.7. Seattle is next
with 94.7. Detroit is third with 94.3.
Portland's bacteria count la lowest
of alL Oregon has more milk medals
than all the other states combined.
Highest Individual score was made by
the Schalk dairy, of Portland, scoring
96.3; the Pacific dairy and Borsch &
ICrause score 96 each; the seven next
are above 95.
The American Association of Medi
cal Milk Commissioners, now in ses
sion, has accepted Portland's applica
tion for membership.
Dr. M. B. Marcellus has personally
watched over every phase of the con
Philippine Executive and Toklo Min
isters Promote Friendship.
TOKIO, May 22. Governor Francis B.
Harrison, of the Philippine Islands,
who is visiting Japan, has had confer
ences with Count Okuma, the Prime
Minister, and Baron Kato. the Minister
for Foreign (Affairs. Although the Gov
ernor's visits were calls of etiquette,
the promotion of the friendly relations
between the United States and Japan
were discussed lengthily. The develop
ment of trade between Japan, the
Philippines and the United States was
especially dwelt on.
The Japanese are constantly em
phasizing their desire to create wide
business relations with the United
States, which they regard as a great
practical reason for the tightening of
the bonds of friendship.
Governor Harrison has Just left for
China with Mrs. Harrison, but expects
to return here later to rejoin his chil
dren, who will spend the Summer at
the seashore resort of Kamakura,
Wounded Australians From Dar
danelles Are Cared For.
LONDON, June 8. Several hundred
wounded Australian soldiers from the
Dardanelles are now In England, and
have been quartered in various military
hospitals and sanitariums. A commit
tee of Australians resident in England
has been formed to visit them and pro
vide as far as possible for their wants.
They all concur in describing the
Turk as a first-class fighting man, ex
cept where the bayonet is concerned.
Although the percentage of wounded
in the Dardanelles is heavy, considered
in relation to the number of men en
gaged, they say this is somewhat miti
gated by the unusually large proportion
of minor wounds. An explanation of
this is that it Is due to the preponder
ance of rifle and shrapnel fire, as op
posed to the terrible injuries Inflicted
by high explosives In Belgium and
France. Another ameliorating factor is
the dry climate and sterile, non-infectious
character of the soil.
Britain Stops Exports to Allies'
Ports Near Enemies.
LONDON. June 6. There la a further
tightening of the ring by which food
supplies are prevented from entering
Germany, Austria and Turkey. An
order-in-council this week announces
that the exportation of certain impor
tant foods for man and beast is totally
prohibited, while other foods and for
age may be exported to France, Russia,
Spain and Portugal.
Goods that must not be sent to for
eign ports in Europe other than France,
Russia, Spain and Pfrtugal (Russian
Baltic ports and Italy banned, as are
also neutral countries such as Holland,
Norway, Sweden and Denmark) are
onions, potatoes, rye, rye flour, . rye
meal, buckwheat, millet, molasses, ar
senic and its compounds.
Patriotic Germans Provide Homes
for Invalid Officers.
BERLIN, June 4. A garden city for
invalid officers who have been perma
nently Injured in action Is to be built
at Moser. a small town near Magde
burg. An organization of influential
men has bought a picturesque tract of
country for this purpose in the Niegrip
forest, and villas of varying size and
architecture are to be built, care being
taken that each villa has an ample
yard and a pleasant view.
The central organization will turn
these houses over to invalid officers
and their families at a nominal rental,
the undertaking avoiding all profit and
having in view only patriotic objects.
The Empress and Crown Princess are
among the supporters of the plan. - i
Sheriff Says Sentence
Commuted 'for Time.'
Trip Is Made From Atlanta
During Late Hours of Night.
Part or Journey Is by Automobile.
Governor Slaton's Action of Clem
ency Announced by Sheriff
on Arrival at Macon.
MACON, Ga.. Jnne 21. Lea M.
Frank's death sentence has been com
muted to life imprisonment, accord
ing to Sheriff Mangum, of Fulton
County, who arrived here shortly after
2 o'clock this morning at the head of
a strong guard taking Frank to the
state prison farm at Milledgeville, Ga.,
for safekeeping.
The prisoner was transferred to an
automobile here and the party left for
the state farm. Frank was not hand
cuffed. Sheriff Admits Actlen.
"Has Frank's sentence been com
muted?" Sheriff Mangum was asked.
"It has," said the Sheriff.
The Sheriff stood silent for a mo
ment. "It has for the time being at least,
added the Sheriff with considerable
"Are you going to take the prisoner
to Milledgeville?" he was asked.
"That is where I am bound for," said
the Sheriff.
Prisoner la Unateady.
Frank was seated in the automobile
by this time, taking the rear seat in
the canopy-covered car. Sheriff Man-
gum was in the seat beside him.
Frank appeared to be nervous and
his gait was unsteady. He was pale
and at times had to be steadied by
Sheriff Mangum and the deputies.
Several persons recognized the pris
oner as he left the train.
ATLANTA. Ga. June 20. Governor
Slaton announced tonight that he would
make known tomorrow his decision on
Leo M. Frank's petition for commuta
tion of his death sentence to life im
prisonment. The Governor today worked
on his opinion.
Frank is sentenced to be hanged Tues
Frank had been convicted of the mur
der of Mary Phagan, a girl employed
in a pencil factory In Atlanta of which
he was superintendent. He was sen
tenced to be hanged Tuesday.
Conviction was secured by the
prosecution largely through the testi
mony of James Conley, a negro, who
Is accused by Frank's attorneys of hav
ing committed the deed. It was also
charged that the Jury and court were
Intimidated by fear of public demonstrations.
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 69
degrees; minimum temperature 62 de
grees. TODAY'S Fair and warmer; westerly
Robert R. McCormlclc' describes visit to Rus
sian front. Page 1.
Italy admits heavy losses, but says Import
ant results have been gained. Page 3-
Future or Russia hinges on whether mu
nitions are ample. Page 2.
Moscow damaged $20,000,000 by anti
German rioters. Page 4.
Chief of artillery for Villa leaves him.
Page 4.
Cipher message to Germany sent by head or
Federal reserve bank is mystery. Page 2.
Members of Hawaiian junketing party begin
to suBpect motives of hosts. Page fi.
Further details of experience of Medford girl
in Lusitania disaster. Page 3.
Gunboat brings $$.00,000 gold that Americans
succeeded, after thrilling adventures. In
getting out of Mexico. Page 1.
Portland wins chief milk prize at exposition.
Page 1.
Daring French -ladybird" arrives from bat
tlefield to lecture in United States.
Page 3.
Sight bathers drown, hundreds narrowly
escape heavy surf - at Atlantic City.
Page 1.
Pacific Coast League results: Oakland 6-.
Portland 6-1; Salt Lake lO, Venice 8;
San Francisco 4-4, Angeles 0-S.
Page 12.
St. Louis Nationals advance to second place.
Page 18.
Bobby Wallace, St. Louis player, after 0
years, gives up game to be umpire.
Page 12.
Pacific northwest golf tournament to atart
today at Tacoraa. Page 12.
City League results: East Side 11. West Side
8; Piedmont 3, Sellwood 0. Page 13.
Rowdy Elliott succeeds Tyler Christian as
manager of Oaks. Page 13.
Pacific Northwest.
Gladstone Chautauqua xo be on extensive
scale. Page 10.
Completion of Klamath project by degrees
assured. Page 1.
Finance and Industry.
American Bankers' Association aelegaies to
be entertained lavishly in Seattle. Page a.
Railroad earnings declared low and profits
shown by paring costs. Page 6.
Delegation of 1DO credit men given royal wel
come. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity.
First band concert of season well attended.
Page 16.
Cry of needy is insistent. Page 10.
One hundred of America's most beautiful
girls will spend day in Portland. Page lo.
Grace liner Colusa takes on UBO0 tons of
wheat In nine hours. Page 13.
Professor Hull, in address at Unitarian
Church, advocates peace measures.
Page 9.
Kentucky Klick. Southern Democratic or
ganization, adds 52 members. Page 4.
Boldness, rather than false modesty, urged
on Washington High school graduates by
Dr. Luther R. Dyott. Page 11.
Feature films hold Interest of large audiences
at motion picture theaters. Page .
Grant Hadley, 10 years old. who wins cook
ing prize, can handle tools, too. Page .
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 14.
Employers aerve notice of discharge on all
their union musicians. Page 16.
Liner Northern Pacific's visitors number 15,
(mO in day. Page 16. .
JuU;e Cleaton, of Jimmilr Ojutt, Incites
school teachers and parents to help him
outline plan. Page 10.
Soldier Under I "ire Dresese Wound
of Enemy; Anotlier Gives Food.
LONDON. June 20. A Reuter dis
patch In the Dardanelles says:
"The Turks are fighting most fair
ly. In one case a Turk, while under
fire, dressed the wounds of one of our
men. In another case a Turk left a
water bottle with a wounded Aus
tralian soldier.
"A British soldier - who had been
lying wounded for many houra with
out food, far from the British trenches.
waa supplied with bread by a Turk.
Prisoners who have escaped from the
Turks all assert that thejr were well
BigWaves Sweep Bath
ers to Death.
200, Many Children, Are in
Peril at One Time.
Thousands on Board Walk and Ho
tel Verandas Are Horrified by
Sight as Heaviest Tide of Sum
mer Engulfs Merrymakers.
(Special.) Lashed and beaten Into help
lessness by merciless waves, held pow
erless in the grip of an undertow
against whicn human might was puny
and futile, eight persons met heroic
deaths on the beach today, while other
heroes, red-shirted beach guards and
bathers who took their lives Into their
own hands, battled desperately against
tremendous odds to save them.
Thousands lined the board walk and
beach, women wringing their hands and
weeping bitterly, as a tragedy heart
breaking in its intensity was enacted
before their eyes.
200 Persons In PerlL
For the space of more than 30 min
utes more than 200 lives were placed
in direct peril by the pounding surf,
herding them Into a deep "slue" run
ning seaward from the Strand at Chel
sea avenue.
Three other persons, one of them a
yotng woman, are missing and may
have met the same fate.
The victims are:
Miss Marian Rhoades Creamer, -20,
student of Beechwood College, daugh
ter of Mr. and Mrs. James R. Creamer,
Jenkintown, Pa.
Men Die for Women.
Charles Mattlack, Philadelphia, who
died in a-heroic attempt la- save Miss
John Lisle. 30 years old, lawyer,
Philadelphia, who sacrificed his life
in attempt to save a woman.
uuttriea ureeo, iisnerman of this
William Francis Crow, Philadelphia.
Frank Brigham, 16, student of the
Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, son
of M. L. Brigham. wealthy sportsman.
Philip Arnold, Jr., 24, Philadelphia.
William McKay, a florist of Phila
Thousands Brave Heavy Tide.
In the City Hospital here are Mau
rice Steppacher, a Philadelphia nana
facturer, who has a cottage at 31 North
Iowa avenue; Erwln Craig, of Wilming
ton, Del, and Walter Margerum, of this
city, a beach ' guard who battled with
the waves until he collapsed on the
The heaviest tide of the Summer did
'Concluded on Page 2, Column 4.)
Year's Cleanup Made Safe by Amer
ican Warship; Miners Resist
Demand for "Duty'' on Cargo.
SAN FRANCISCO. June 20. (Spe
cial.) A tale adorned with all the
thrills that hold enthralled the readers
of adventurous romance was finished
today, whenthe receiving clerk at the
Selby Smelter at Crockett wrote $600.
000 on a receipt. The receipt was
handed across the counter to two
bronzed miners from the Manzanillo
country, Mexico. Outside the gunboat
Yorktown slowly steamed on its course
to Mare Island.
Dodging raiding bands of Mexican
rebels and bandits, the two men ar
rived in Manzanillo several weeks ago
with 518 bars of dull yellow metal. It
represented the cleanup of more than
a year's run in the Emperor and Cinco
mines, back of Manzanillo. Some of it
still glowed dully through clinging
earth. Mexican "assessors" had failed
to find it in the safest of all hiding
The two men their Identities are
not divulged met with other obsta
cles when they arrived at Manzanillo.
This was an embargo placed on the
exportation of the gold. To remove
the embargo the government In power
at Manzanillo requested one-fourth of
its value. It was assessed at $400,000
by the Mexican authorities, who de
manded $100,000 "export duty."
By methods the character of which
ia xiui to oe learnea, tne gold was
taken aboard the Yorktown. . For the
first time in history, a United States
vessel started up the Pacific Coast
with the $600,000 cargo In its hold.
Autoist Sets Xew American Record
on Track at Chicago.
CHICAGO. June 20. Barney Oldfleld
established a new American automo
bile speed record at Speedway Park
today when he negotiated 'a lap In
1:04 2-5. an average of 11L5 miles an
hour. Oldfield drove a 300-horsepower
car of special construction.
The mark is said to be within 4 2-5
seconds of the world's record.
Indemnity. Paid for Deaths of Five
. ,r . . Spaniards at Liege.-""
MADRID, via Paris, June 21. The
German government has made a full
explanation and has paid an indemnity
of 180.000 marks ($45,000) for the lives
of five Spaniards who were shot by
mistake at Liege last August.
The Spanish government has declared
the incident closed.
Sunday's War Moves
WITH headquarters at Pless, In
Southeastern Silesia, the German
Emperor is said to be personally di
rectlng the Austro-German operations
in Gallcia against the Russians.
The crisis of the Austro-German
drive is at hand. Grodek is secure in
the possession of General von Mack
ensen's men and the Germans and the
Austrian corps under Field Marshal
von Arz are reported by Berlin to be
storming and capturing one after an
other the Russian trenches along the
entire front before Lemberg, extending
from Rawa Ruska, in the north, to
Janow, which lies only 11 miles from
the Galician capital.
This front is 24 miles in extent and
the fighting here has been of the most
stubborn character. To the south, be
tween Grodek and the Dniester
marshes, the Russians also are being
hard pressed.
Although the Russian w'ar Office has
had little to say of late regarding the
Galician campaign. Unofficial reports
from Petrograd declare that the rapid
retirement of the Russian forces has
been accomplished without any de
moralization whatsoever and intimate
that the Russian lines have been
straightened and put in a state of pre
paredness to meet the further advance
of the vast forces which are being
flung against them.
Both French and British in the west
ern war zone are on the offensive and
heavy artillery engagements, with nu
merous infantry attacks, have been in
progress continuously in the region of
La Bassee. Arras, in Lorraine and in the
Vosges. As usual, the French and Ger
man war offices are at variance as to
the results attained. As an Instance.
Paris says that In the sector to the
north of Arras the French, in an attack,
advanced about two-thirds of a mile,
while Berlin asserts that the French
at this point were repulsed "with
sanguinary losses."
There is fighting along the Austro-
Italian frontier in Serbia, on the
Gallipoli Peninsula and in the Caucasus.
Rome asserts that numerous Austrian
positions along the Isonzo have been
taken by assault. Unofficial advices
are to the effect that the Serbians have
occupied Durazzo. Albania.
The Turks in the vicinity of Avl
Burnu are declared to be constantly on
the offensive. A correspondent with
the Turkish forces says that with the
British fleet unable to assist In the
land operations because of the sub
marine menace, the British hold on Avi
Burnu apparently is not as secure c
it was.
From Tiflis comes advices that the
Turks have replaced their army corps
which was captured by the Russians at
Sari Kamysh. restored their supplies of
ammunition and are concentrating to
give further battle to the Russians.
Commitee. Voices Approval
After Investigation.
$2,000,000 MORE NEEDED
Representative Mondell Blames Sec
retary Lane for Scarcity of
Funds and Declares In Fa
vor of Issuing Bonds.
KLAMATH FALLS. Or., June 20.
(Special.) While no more reclamation
projects may be expected to be initiated
in Oregon or elsewhere in the United
States in the immediate future, it may
be written down as a fact that the
Klamath Falls project of 250.000 acres
will ultimately be completed as a re
sult of the visit here today of 12 mem
bers of the appropriations committee
of the 64 th Congress.
More than $2,000,000 has been In
vested In the Klamath district, and for
the first time the men who grant the
appropriations appeared to find out
what had been done with the money.
They found the project a complicated
combination of irrigation and drainage
problems, but expressed faith in '.he
country and the ability of the far-'jers
to repay the money to the Government
Project Considered Saccean.
Owing to a depleted treasury and the
steady falling off of revenues from the
sales of public lands in the land states
of the West, It may be that the Klamath
project will proceed slowly toward com
pletion, but i is now ranked among
those where success has been attained
in carrying out plans originally laid
The visit of the committee, headed by
Representative Fitagctald, of New York,
was made necessary py reason of the t
transfer of the control of reclamation
funds from the Secretary of the Inte
rior to Congress. The Secretary for
merly decided what reclamation proj
ects were advisable to construct and
placed the money available for the use
of the engineers in charge. The last
Congressional session adopted an
amendment requiring that all appro
priations for reclamations be made by
the appropriations committee of the
House, where all other appropriations
Eniertslnment Rale Obeyed.
The committee reached Klamath
Falls this morning aboard a pair of
special cars, with John M. Scott, gen
eral passenger agent- of the Southern
Pacific, in charge. There was no cere
monious welcome, the committee hav
ing sent on word that it was purely a
business trip, and that brass bands
and banquets simply disarranged their
schedule and their dispositions.
Abel Ady, president of the Water
Users' Association, boarded the train
and emerged with the news that Chair
man Fitzgerald would not be of the
party as he was suffering from a
wrenched tendon in his back.
Panoramic View Obtained.
Seven automobiles carried the other
members of the delegation over roads
from which the lands under irrigation,
in need of drainage and the higher
mesas to which water is hoped to be
taken by enlargements of the system.
could be viewed. It was in most part
a panorama of alfalfa and grain fields
where thousands of head of livestock
grazed. Flashing in all directions ran
silver streams of water. In ditches, that
gave evidence of having been con
tracted to serve for the next hundred
At noon luncheon was served under
the big trees at the home of J. Frank
Adams, then investigation was con
tinued south into Modoc County, Cali
fornia, and the home of Will Dalton,
where 5000 cattle dotted the alfalfa
fields. Turning here, the border of
Tule Lake was skirted, where for two -
miles the water has receded as a re
sult of the damming of Lost River and
turning its waters into Klamath River.
Tillable Area Increased.
Tule Lake adds 94,000 acres to the
tillable area of the project through
evaporation. Thence the party re
turned on the west side to the City of
Klamath Falls, and up to the great
head gate which controls the irrigation
outflow from Upper - Klamath Lake, a
body of water 45 miles long and 15
miles wide.
The head gate, mile of tunnel and
main canal through which the bij: irri
gation system begins have a capacity
of 1500 feet of water a second, suffi
cient to irrigate 150,000 acres of land.
Four hundred feet of water a second
are being used for the irrigation of
40.000 acres of farm lands. It is this
difference between capar" - -nd actual
application which gives Klamath Falls
hopes of procuring sufficient money
from Congres to bring in the remain
ing 110,000 acres, which, added to the
land that -will come in through, evapo
ration at Tule Lake, makes the total
250,000 acres.
92,000,000 More Desired.
In the construction of this project it
was estimated that $4,000,000 would be
required. More than $2,000,000 has
been invested and only 40.000 acres
watered and drained, but it is conceded
(Concluded ou Fase 3, Coiuain 2.).