Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, June 10, 1915, Image 1

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    VOL.. 17,018.
Time Chosen Regarded
as Unfortunate,
Official Tenure Expires as
Note Is Dispatched.
President and Fellow Members of
Cabinet Impress Good Wishes.
' Explanation Timed to potnv- '
cide "With Retirement.
TCA6HINGTON, June 9. William Jen
nings Bryan retired today as Secretary
of State. His first act as a private
citizen was to issue a statement ex
plaining his reasons for leaving the
Cabinet and announcing that he Intended
to lay his view of what the American
policy toward Germany should be be
fore the public for judgment.
The statement came as a sensational
climax to a day of farewell speeches
and good wishes from President Wilson
and executive colleagues of the retir-
Suirajestlona Not Adapted. I
In his explanation Mr. Bryan re
vealed that the President had not felt
Justified in adopting two suggestions
made by his Secretary of State that
an offer should be made to Germany
to submit the questions In dispute with
the United States to an international
commission for investigation during a
year's time and that meanwhile Amer
icans should by proclamation be warned
not to take passage on any belligerent
ships or on American vessels carrying
These propositions Mr. Bryan ex
pects to urge upon f-he people "in the
hope of securing such an expression
of public sentiment as will support the
President in employing these remedies
if in the future he finds it consistent
i-wlth his sense of duty to favor them."
Official Washlnsrton Aautd.
Mr. Bryan's statement was received
with undisguised amazement in official
quarters- No comment was made at
the White House, but some high offi
cials indicated that they believed it
most unfortunate that so pronounced
an expression of opinion should be
made public while the discussion with
Germany was in progress. It became
known, too, that Mr. Bryan told his
colleagues in a general way , of the
contents of his statement, and some
had advised against it.
The principle advocated by Mr. Bryan
Is embodied in. treaties of peace nego
tiated by the United States with 30 na
tions and was accepted by Germany,
although no convention ever was
drafted. The statement is a condensa
tion of the argument which Secretary
Bryan has been making repeatedly to
President Wilson In the last few weeks,
and upon which he hopes to build up
a public sentiment in the United States
that will make war with Germany im
possible. The issuance of the explanation had
been timed to coincide exactly with the
dispatch of the American note to Ger
many. Mr. Bryan left the State Department
shortly after 1 o'clock. The note was
put on the telegraph wires at 2 o'clock,
when Mr. Bryan's resignation went into
On leaving the State Department
Mr. Bryan drove directly home to as
sume his new role as a private citizen
by reading telegrams of congratulation
which poured in from friends through
out the country.
Other Objections Are Reserved.
Mr. Bryan had luncheon together
with Mrs. Bryan, awaiting word from
the department that the note to Ger
many had been cabled. A few minutes
after 2 o'clock he appeared on the
ver"anda and distributed among wait
ing correspondents copies of his state
ment, explaining that he had reserved
the right to discuss other points in the
note dwelt on In the statement. He
intimated that he might have some
thing further to say after the note had
been made public.
"1 expect to soend most or my first
hours as a private citizen," he said,
."reading telegrams that keep coming
In." -
"Are most of them congratulating
you?" he was asked.
"Oh. that is their general tenor," Mr.
Bryan replied. "Naturally there would
not be many personal telegrams of a
different nature sent."
When asked if he had any announce
ment as to his plans for the future, Mr.
Bryan said ; nothing had been de
termined and that he had no definite
speaking engagements.
"I have some tentative engagements,"
he added, "but cannot announce any
thing at this time."
Plana-for Fntan Nebulous.
Remarking that ne expected to re
main in Washington for a time at least,
Mr. Bryan said while here he would
keep in touch with be Administra
tion and probably occasionally be about
the State Department unofficially.
To friends he amplified his argument
In the stateuent regarding the Interna
tional relations now stirrintr the Amer
ican people. In these talks he gave
oroe intimation of the stress of his
efforts in the Cabinet to change the
course taken by the Administration to
ward Germany, and made it clear that
It was his purpose to toned the sentl-
Coneraded oa Pan 2, Column 2.)
United States Citizens Aboard Ves
eel Try to Rpniove Emblem,
but Crew Prevents. .
BOSTON. June 9. The British steamer
Colonian. of the Leyland line, flew the
American flag for 40 hours as a pro
tection against .German submarines
while passing through the war zone,
according to her commander. Captain
J. McDonald.
The Colonian . arrived today from
Avonmouth, England.
It was on May 30, Captain McDonald
said, that he was hailed by a British
patrol boat, two days out of Avon
mouth, and told to "display the flag of
a neutral nation or no flag at all
He sent the Stars and Stripes -up the
staff immediately, he said. He, ex
plained that he used the American flag
in preference to any other, because he
could back up his bluff If hailed by
speaking in the Knglish language.
while if he used that of any other
neutral nation he would be unable to
use the language of the flag. As it
developed, no submarines were sighted
he added. '
This is said to be the first instance
in which the American flag has been
used by a . transatlantic steamer of
belligerent nationality "since President
Wilson's note on the subject, which was
provoked by the Lusitania's use of the
flag last February.
Among the 150 passengers on the
steamer were 90 Americans. A small
party of these said they tried to re
move the flag from the Colon'lan's staff
rail, but the watchfulness of the crew-
frustrated their design.
Ten German Vessels Uncased and
Some Are Damaged.
PETROGRAD, June ' 9 The Army
Messenger, referring to the naval en
gagement June 5 in the Baltic Sea, off
the Gulf of Riga, says that Russian
submarines engaged no fewer than' 10
German warships which were attempt
ing a sortie Into the Baltic The ex
plosions on board some of these ves
sels led to the belief damage was done
by the undersea boats.
A German second-class cruiser, the
newspaper adds, was struck by a mine
June 4. She did not sink, but was
towed Into Libau. . A German steam
shpi called the Hindenburg was blown
up by striking a Russian mine.
Men Get 4 0 Cents Traveling Ex
penses and 3 Cents a Day.
MILAN, via Chlasso to Paris. June 9.
Ten thousand recruits of the re
servist, classes of 1SSS to 1895 joined
the colors 'here today.
Kach soldier received a donation of
40 cents ' for expenses sustained in
reaching Milan, and in addition his
daily pay of 2 cents.
1. Ome ml tbe Finest Rosea 1i the
nem or Tne r esrivni. i-iac-ins tne iitmi on tne uead of Queen Sybil? Robert Krohn, lnNter of Ceremonies,
Ir" lowers, Rtrhti PKe Master Janes Gillennle and Veror HenserlinK. I.rft and Htght.
PositionWonin 1812to
Be Maintained.
Germanv's Acauiescence in
Principle Firmly Demanded
Reply to Berlin Put on Cableand
Will Be Made Public Tomorrow.
President Has Undivided
' Support of Cabinet. .
. WASHINGTON. June . The United
States today sent to Germany a note
reiterating its demand" for reparation
for the loss of American lives in the
sinking of the Lusitania and setting
forth clearly the earnest desire of the
American Government that Germany
signify her early adherence to the prin
ciples of Internationa! law that neu?
trals be permitted to travel on un
armed ships without being subject to
the dangers of submarine warfare.
Couched in much more friendly terms
than it was believed would be used
when the unsatisfactory answer to the
American note of May IS arrived from
Germany, the communication was ca
bled to Ambassador Gerard for presen
tation to the German Foreign Office.
It will be given out tomorrow night
for publication In morning papers of
Cabinet Now United.
As the all-important document on
which President Wilson and his ad
visers have worked for ten days went
forth, it had behind it the united sup
port of the Cabinet. The one man
who lad opposed its terms because he
believed it might precipitate war
William Jennings Bryan had resigned
the p'ortfolio of Secretary of State at
the-moment the note was dispatched.
A statement issued by. M r. Bryan re
vealed that President Wilson has re
jected his suggestions for an Investiga
tion by a commission for a year's time
of the legal phases of the dispute with
Germany, during which Americans
should, according to Mr. Bryan's1 view,
be warned against' taking passage on
any belligerent ships or American ves
sels carrying ammunition.
.Nation's Rijcata Asserted.
President Wilson made no comment
on the statement, but the text of the
note, it was' said, would outline fully
(Concluded on Page 3, Column 1.)
Iortlanl Rose Snow, m High Dixon. Kahiblted by Sirs. 1-
The Weather. .;
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 62.3
degrees; minimum. 49.4 degrees.
TODAY'S probably showers; warmer; west
erly winds.
Rose Festival. , -
Sybil I crowned ruler of Kocedora. Page 1
Gay children sing to thousands at Festival
Center. Page 6.
Queen Sybil to see J20OO-T treworka display
at oui tonignt. page T.
Hawthorne community exhibit at Rote Fes
tival Center wins - first-day honors.
Page &
Automobile parade big feature on today's
programme. Page 6.
Myriads of roses in snow form riot of color.
Page 7.
Children's parade notable feature. Fags 1,
Street is great dancehall for thousands In
happy throngs. Page 8.
Warship South Dakota arrives to shaTS tn
festival celebration. Page 15.
' . . War.
British strikers told that soldiers In trenches
regard them as stark inad. Page 6.
French using laughing gas In explosive
DomDl. page o. , t
British . steamer Colonian f Ilea Amertean
ilag. Page 1.
British losses total' more , than ' 253,000.
Page . '..'
Berlin press comment on Bryan's resigna
tion. Page 4. .......
British editors .comment on Bryan's reslg.
cation, rass 3. ; - -
Bryan's statement on retiring amazes offl
cial Washington. Page 1. '
it or secretary Bryan statement ex
plaining resignation. - Page 2.
Note to Germany, put' on cable yesterday
insists that United States cannot abandon
rights won in 1S13 of - freedom of its
citizens to travel on seao Page 1.
Wheat crop Improved since June- 1. Page 7.
Domestic. . .
Georgia ' prison commission declines to re
commend clemency furm - Leo Frank.
Page 8.
Senator Lodge says disarmament by single
nation would-be .futile to bring peace.
Page 2. , r. . . .... ..... , ...
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 5,
Salt Lake 0; Venice. 2, Los Angeles 0;
Oakland a, San Francisco 7. Pag Is.
Many track records in danger at tomorrow's
oig racnic iortnwst meet, page is. '
Phillies nose Cubs out of lead In National
Le&zu& Pbm 1ft. ....
W. J. Houser. of Pomeroy. wins Rose' Festi
val event .at trap shoot. Page 19.
Pacific ' Northwest. ' ,
Courts will be asked to settle point as to
nignway engineersnip. - Page. 14.-
Commercial and Marine.
Northwestern . wheat prices falling to new-
-crop Dasis. -- rags- i. - ... -
Wheat weak at Chicago, due to uncertainty
of relations with Germany. . Page 1H.
Bryan's resignation responsible for selling
in Wall street. Page -18.
Captain Pope, veteran river pilot, dies.
Page 13. -
Portland and Vlrialty.
Arson squad Investigates fire at Standard
-Box Factory. Page 20. .
One hundred boys to skate In speed trial for
state title today, page II.
Twelve bids for highway work, all low, are
opened. Page IB.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page IS.
Movie programmes entertaining. Page 13-
American Vessel Tot-pedoed by Ger
mans Ieaves St. Mary's.
fJCILLY, ' England. June " 9. The
American tank steamer Gulf light,
which was torpedoe'd . by a German
submarine - off the Scilly. Islands May
1. and for the damage to which the
German government has offered to pay
an indemnity, sailed from St. , Marys
for Rouen today, under her own steam.
The steamer, after she was tor
pedoed, anchored In Crow Sound and
later was taken to St. Marys roads.
. 1
l-'oller. 2, Children
--"". .... J
Thousands Crowd Chil
dren's Line of March.
Difficult ; Evolutions Carried
" Out With Perfection. ;
Patriotic, Historic and Fabled Char
acters Faithfully Portrayed and
Spectacular Movements Exe
cuted Without Error.
Unlike the practice prescribed by the
proverb, the Rose Festival managers
this year produced their best element of
entertainment at the start Instead of
saving It for the last.
Heretofore the children's parade has
been undlsputedly the most pleasing
feature - of each succeeding , festival.
Heretofore it always has been saved as
a choice morsel of enjoyment until the
closing day.
Previous Kfforts Surpassed.
. But this year the festival directors
gave it to the people as the opening at
traction of their three-day - period . of
entertainment. And this year's chil
dren's pageant.' which was witnessed
by admiring thousands on Grand avenue
yesterday morning, surpassed all pre
vious events of the kind without ex
ception. It was bigger. It was more varied.
It moved with greater grace and more
precision -than any of the others. The
spectacle showed marvelous ingenuity
on the part of those who conceived it,
splendid enthusiasm by the 5000 chil
dren who produced It and wonderful
patience by Professor Robert Krohs
and the school principals who managed
The audacity of the festival managers
in staging this parade on the opening
day augurs well, for the plans -of -the
remaining two days. Since they dared
to present this superior attraction as
an opening event, it is probable that
Uie rest of the programme will meas
ure up to the high standard set by the
It always Is a subject of ' extreme
human interest this children's parade.
It touches the heart. It arouses tender
emotions. People seldom applaud much
when they see those little folks march
proudly by. They are too much en
raptured with the scene. If the chil
dren were not so happy and Joyous, the
(Concluded on Page 9. Column 1.)
V! M&iTl-z
. .2 J t
Muri - li in in the Morning- Parade on tlie
In the BacksTroand.
Wednesdays War Moves
THE resignation of William Jennings
Bryan and the nature of the Ameri
can note to Germany which brought it
about transcend in Interest all else
bearing on the war. The London papers
give Mr. Bryan's letter of resignation
and President's reply the most promi
nent place. These are followed by
long dispatches from their American
correspondents and articles on Mr.
Bryan-'s - career. . which emphasize his
advocacy of settlement of international
disputes by arbitration, and draw the
conclusion that the note must be ex
ceedingly strong to have brought about
his retirement,
"Amerlca stands firm." or similar
phrases, are the most favored headings
and also the text of editorials com
menting on the latest developments in
the American-German relations.
News that another German submarine
had been sunk and the announcement
in London by Mr. Balfour, first lord of
the Admiralty, of a change in the
British policy respecting the treatment
of German submarine prisoners also
were given out yesterday.
This change In policy has been ex
pected for some time. Whon Winston
Spencer Churchill, the former First
Lord, announced on March 8 that pris
oners rescued from German submarines
would not receive the "honorable treat
ment" extended- to other prisoners,
many of the members of the House of
Commons expressed their disapproval
and forecast the reprisals which the
Germans took against the British offi
cers Imprisoned in Germany. Steps will
be taken through the' American embas
sy to Inform the German government
of "this change in ' the British policy In
the hope that British officers suffer
ing solitary confinement will be given
the same treatment as other prisoners.
Another important announcement in
the House of Commons which attracted
much attention was that of the Premier.
who said that the casualties among the
British expeditionary forces on the con
tinent . and in the Mediterranean
amounted to more than 250.000 men.
A little less than half of these casual
ties have occurred since April 11. the
date or the last statement. Up to
that time the monthly average of casu
alties was about 17,400, but the fight
ing In Flanders and the Dardanelles
in the seven- weeks to the end of May
brought the average for the. ten months
of the war up to nearly 26,000, or more
than 860 daily. -
There are still tbe casualties suffered
by the navy and the naval division to
be added to this total.
So far as battles are concerned, that
in Uallcla holds the center of the stage,
The capture by the Austro-Germans of
Stanlslau - shows that the offensive
against the Russian left has been sue
cessful and that the Russians have been
compelled to fall back to their defenses
on the Dniester.
In Eastern Gallcla. along the rest of
the line which follows the upper
Dniester and thence eastward from
Przemysl to the lower San, they appear
to be holding their own and are coun ¬
ter-attacking. .
In the Baltic provinces the fighting
continues with varying success, first
the Russians and then the Germans
gaining the advantage.
'k. XV- I
5 j-nr""--
Kast Side. 3, Krnery Ulnastend. I'rcsl-
4, ttueen Sybil Enthroned; President Ulmatcas, Left, and
Thousands View Gor
geous Ceremony.
Wealth of Flowers and Gay
Apparel Enrich Spectacle.
Royal Title Bestowed bj Emery
Olmstead and Richly Embellished -Tableaux
Presented TJnder Di
rection of Robert Krohn. -
Surrounded by a court of flowers
and fairies in a crush of moving and
living color, and facing a throng of
people that packed the Park blocks as
far as one could see from the grand
stand. Queen Sybil knelt and tecetved
her crown from the hands of Emery
Olmstead, president of the Rose Fes
tival Association, yesterday afternoon.
The ceremony of her coronation was
the occasion of a fete -' -ie.l in
Its beauty and bri"'mcy the ch " --e-i'
pageant that had been held in the
morning. In arranging for the cere
mony, Robert Krohn, who planned It,
dispensed with spoken ritual and made
the scene one of spectacular beauty
that could be enjoyed and appreciated
even by the spectator on the far out
skirts of the crowd, who would have
had no chance to hear a spoken cere
mony. RoHlrisng Form Escort.
The Royal Rosarlans were the escort
of the queen's party from, the Port
land Hotel, where the royal suite Is
set aside, to the reviewing stand at the
Iadd School, near the Festival Center,
where the ceremony was held.
Tbe Rosarlans marched with their
band from the Chamber of Commerce and
then, when the queen and party entered
their autos at the ; hotel.- formed" a
guard of honor to the Festival Center.
The six maids of honor and the six
princesses were grouped about the
throne as the queen's automobile
reached the stand.
Ira Powers, of the Festival Board,
helped her to alight and escorted hef
to the platform, where Marvelle Trulove
and Frances Antman. two tiny girls
in costume of fairies. placed ths
velvet cushion for her.
As Miss Baker knelt, limery Olmstead
advanced and placed the crown of tinsel
and rosebuds upon her head and raised
to her feet Queen Sybil L Mr.,i '-stead
and Mr. Powers escorted her to the
throne, little James Gillespie and Vern
Henserling acting as train bearers and
Then the crowd yelled a thoroughly
American and democratic yell, and
Queen Sybil smiled an unregal and
engaging American girls smile, ana tne
solemn business of putting a queer to
rule over them was completed.
Mlrtli Kollsns Solrisnlij.
Then, just to remind everybody that
it was a Festival event and not to be
taken wltn too much solemnity, Pro
fessor Krohn began to build u-.i a
colorful picture on the stage before
the throne. In a dancing fete by
children from the various schools.
School by school they came on and.
(Concluded on Page 1, Column 3.)
condensed rosk festival,
programme: for today.
0 to 10 A. M. Band concerts
In Festival Center and on busi
ness streets.
10 A. M. Rose Shoy opens at
Meier & Frank store.
10 A. M. Concerts by glee
clubs and choruses in various
parts of city."
11 to 12. Concerts on streets
and In principal hotels.
1 P. M. Judging of displays
at Festival Center.
2 P. M. Floral parade of auto
mobiles and horse-drawn vehicles
over following route: Forming
at Fourteenth and Morrison, on
Morrison to 'Tenth, to Washing
ton, to Broadway, to Taylor, to
West Park, to Jefferson, to Park,
to Salmon, to Sixth, to Morrison,
to Fourth to Taylor, to Third, to
Oak, to Fifth, to Alder, to Sixth,
to Stark, to Broadway, to "Pine,
to First, to Burnside, across
Bumside bridge to Grand ave
nue, to East Madison to Kast
Sixth, to East Main, to Grand
avenue and north on Grand ave
nue to Burnside, automobiles dis
banding on East Side and horses
continuing to West Side Festival
4 to 6 P. M. Concerts on
'business streets.
5 P. M. Roller skating
Marathon, starting from Orego
nian building, Sixth and Alder
6 P. M. Rowing race on river.
6 to 9 P. M. Music In various
parts of city.
0 P. M. Fireworks at the Oaks.
10 to 11 P. M. Dancing in.
Festival Center.
Detailed programme on another