Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, June 09, 1915, Image 1

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VOL. LV. NO. 17,017.
: i' ' . .
Wilson and Secretary Dis
agree on German Note.
Other Members Said to Have
Threatened to Retire. Un
less Policy Were Firm.
Appendix to Note of May 13
Disapproved at Last Hour .
by President.
WASHINGTON. June 8. William
Jennings Bryan, three times Demo
cratic candidate for the Presidency of
the United States and author of near
ly 30 peace treaties with the princi
pal nations of the world, resigned to
day as Secretary of State as a dra
matic sequel to his disagreement with
President Wilson over the Govern
ment's policy toward Germany.
The resignation was accepted by
the President. The Cabinet then ap
proved the response which had been
prepared to the German reply to the
Lusitania note. Acting Secretary
Robert Lansing will sign the docu
ment and it will be cabled to Berlin
.Resignation Takes Effect Today.
Secretary Bryan will return to pri
vate life tomorrow, when his resigna
tion takes effect. It was learned that
he intends to continue hia political
support of the President.
Rather than sign the document
which he believed might possibly draw
the United States into war, Mr.
Bryan submitted his resignation in a
letter declaring that "the issue in
volved is of such moment that to re
main a member of the Cabinet would
be as unfair to you as it would be to
the cause which is nearest my heart,
namely, the prevention of war."
The President accepted the resigna
tion in a letter of regret, tinged with
deep personal feeling of affection.
Conclusion Reached Dramatically.
Dramatically the official relation of
Mr. Bryan with the administration of
the man whose nomination he assisted
so materially in bringing about at the
Baltimore convention of 1912 came to
an end. It caused a sensation in the
National capital scarcely paralleled in
recent years.
Ambassadors, Ministers and diplo
matists from foreign lands, officials
of every rank and station heard the
news as it was flashed by newspaper
extras tonight. They interpreted
variously its effect on the delicate sit
uation that had arisen between Ger
many and the United States. The res
ignation of the staunchest advocate
- of peace in the President's official
family spread broadcast the belief
that the policy of the United States
as definitely determined on would as
sert and defend .he rights of the
United States in any eventuality that
might arise.
Original Plans Changed.
Originally, it was the intention of
the President and Mr. Bryan to have
the announcement of the resignation
made simultaneously with the dis-
patch of the note to Germany, but
when Mr. Bryan did not attend the
Cabinet meeting today until Presi
dent Wilson sent for him, rumors that
the President had been unable to
bring the Secretary of State to his
point of view filled the air. Finally,
shortly before 6 o'clock the news be
came known "and was confirmed.
Just when the subject was first
broached between the President and
Mr. Bryan is not known definitely,
but the fact that Mr. Bryan would
resign was known to a small circle
of officials as early as last Sunday.
When the principles on which the note
to Germany should be based were dis
cussed at the Cabinet meeting Friday,
Mr. Bryan found that he could not
reconcile his own position with that
of the Administration. Work on the
note went forward, however, Mr.
Bryan keeping his secret, as did other
officials, awaiting the hour when the
communication would be ready to be
Mr. Bry Absent From Meeting.
The Cabinet assembled for a final
reading of the note. Mr. Bryan wa
(Concluded on pas a. Column 1.)
Launch Ollie S. Tossed by Choppy
Waves and Party Hangs to Rig
ging as Service Is Read.
NEWPORT, Or., June 8. (Special.)
A romantic wedding; took place nine
miles ut, sea today on the launch Ollie
S.. when Mrs. Sadie Smith,- 54 years old.
of Turner, was married to "William T.
Clouston, 60 years old. of Jefferson.
Captain Louis earner officiated.
The sea was so choppy that when
the bridegroom attempted to kiss the
bride after the ceremony both nearly
rolled overboard, and during the cere
mony the skipper and bridal couple
had to bold on to the rigging. Though
there were about 20 witnesses present
Miss Ruth Young, of East Couch street,
Portland, who acted as bridesmaid, was
the only person who got seasick.
Congratulations and a storm of rice
greeted the couple as Captain Carner
turned his craft toward port. The par
ticipants came over yesterday to be
married at Neptune's throne, with only
mermaids and the legal amount of wit
nesses about, but the rumor leaked out
and a merry crowd stowed away on the
launch to see the wedding.
After a honeymoon at Newport, the
couple will go to their future home,
"Lone Pine," Turner, Or.
Portland on Itinerary of Honorary
Commercial Commissioners.
NEW YORK, June 8. The honorary
commercial commissioners of China,
having returned from Philadelphia
last night, today visited the plant of
Thomas A. Edison In West Orange,
N. J. Their eight-day visit to New
York and vicinity terminated tonight,
when they left -for Providence, R. I.
Thence they will visit Boston for
three days and then begin their re
turn trip to the Pacific Coast -by- way
of Springfield, Mass., Schenectady,
Buffalo, Detroit. Cleveland, St. . Paul,
Duluth. Spokane, Seattle and Portland,
Oregon Electric Employe Hun Over
Xear Jefferson-Street Depot.
Henry May, a conductor on the
Oregon Electrie Railroad, was killed
at 10 o'clock last night by falling un
der the wheels of his train, while
switching in the Oregon Electric Rail
road yards near, the Jefferson-street
He had been In the employ of the
Oregon Electric Company since August
26, 1911. He came to Portland recent
ly from Forest Grove. A widow and
several children, who live at 827 Gan
tenbein avenue, survive.
Deputy Coroner Smith took the body
to the public morgue.
Skipper of Schooner and Crew Saw
Wrecked Claremont In Two.
COOS BAY, Or., June 8. (Special.)
Captain John Swing, of the gas
schooner Tramp, with a 30-ton boat, put
a force of men aboard the steamer
Claremont, wrecked here two weeks
ago, sawed the vessel in two and towed
the fore part, 75 feet long to his
premises in the vicinity of Pony Inlet.
The salvaged section has five large
steam winches and considerable other
valuable material for which he should
realize several thousand dollars. The
wreck was still on the rocks when
Captain Swing made his ten-strike.
British Refuse to Work With Ger
mans or Austrians. .
FERNIE, B. C. June 8. British min
ers in this vicinity today refused to
work underground with Austrian and
German miners. The day shift re
ported for work, but the British sub
jects demanded that alien miners be
excluded from the coal mines.
The mine superintendent said he had
no authority to keep alien miners
from entering the workings. The
British miners announced that :
meeting will be held at which a de
cision will be reached on future action.
Exodus From Constantinople Indi
cates Concern, Says Writer.
PARIS, June 8. The correspondent at
Athens of the Havas News Agency tele
graphs that the departure of German
families from Constantinople is regard
ed as an indication that the Germans
are concerned over the present posi
tion of the Turkish army.
The despatch says the peace party
in Turkey Is gaining headway with a
movement for the replacement of the
present cabinet by another with Tewfilc
Pasha, ex-Turkish Ambassador a,t Lon
don, as Grand Vizier.
Great Damage Reported Effect of
Bombs on City Held by Kaiser.
AMSTERDAM, via London, June S.
The vTelegraafs San Van Gent, Hol
land, correspondent says heavy damage
at Ghent has resulted from a British
air raid. The correspondent adds that
no details of the raid are available.
Ghent is 12 miles northeast of San Van
The Telegraaf also says that It
learns that the closing of the Dutch
frontier is in connection with enornous
transports, which are all going t the
Yser line.
Domestic History Sec
retary's Forte.
Trained Assistants Men Who
Served With Elihu Root.
Relationship With Representatives
of Foreign Governments Peculiar.
Amused Contempt Incurred
by Oddities of Action.
WASHINGTON, June 8. I was dis
cussing the Secretary of State ' with
a distinguished foreign Ambassador in
"Mr. Bryan," he said, "is Ignorant on
all questions of foreign relations. He
is wonderfully informed on the politi
cal history of the United States. Re
call- to him the Virglniua case, which
almost brought your country to war
with Spain during the Grant adminis
tration, and he will Indicate that he
never heard of it. Get him in conver
sation on the slavery or any other
national question and he will tell you
exactly where every statesman stood
with reference to it. and the effect of
his altitude on his political fortunes."
Merits and Fault Dlscnased.
This was the best analysis of Secre
tary of State given in the National
capital, where the virtues and failings.
the merits and faults, the abilities and
idiosyncrasies of President Wilson's
Premier have been constantly under
President Wilson never questioned
Mr. Bryan's loyalty. When the Ne-
braskan accepted the State portfolio
he did so with the knowledge that he
would be under the constant suspicion
of intriguing for his own ambition at
the expense of Mr. Wilson. Probably
Mr. Bryan realized that the man who
once wanted him "kiuked-lnto a cocked
hat" had no real regard for him, though
he expected and believed til in to be
grateful for the work done In behalf
of his nomination at Baltimore.
Political Compensation Expected.
Necessarily, Mr. Bryan expected to
be compensated for his self-sacrifice.
He knew that Mr. Wilson was in u
awkward position, that he would 6c
forced to tender him the supreme place
in his Cabinet or suffer the odium of
having ,-turned down" his belief actor
and the consequent hostility or the
lukewarm support of the Bryan ad
herents. He knew that as a mem
ber of the Wilson Administration he
would have to support its policies,
even though they were foreign to his
utterances and views, but he hoped to
bring them Into line with the policies
he had advocated personally for so
many years. He knew that outside
(Concluded on Page '2. Column -4.)
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 62.2
decrees; minimum, 4S.S degrees.
TODAY'is Wednesday fair, northwest wind.
Kose .Festival.
Rose Festival on and Queen Sybil holds
sway. Faa 1.
Number of hotel patrons tax limit of city's
hotiplrAlily. Page 15.
Cruiser South Dakota duo to arrive In Port-
- land today for Festival. Page IT.
School children will appear this morning- In
first of wondrous pageants. Page &.
Friday's parade order arranged. Page IS.
Coronation of Queen Sybil Is Important in
festivities of Day. Page 8.
Thousands of happy folk wander about on
brilliantly lighted streets on Festival eve.
Page 14.
Portland arranging to welcome thousands
of visitors. Page 14.
British Parliament questions pooling of
salaries of cabinet members. Page 5.
Secretary Bryan resigns. Page 1. x
Text of Secretary Bryan's letter of resigna
tion and. President's reply. Page 2.
Diplomat sayM Bryan was unversed In foreign
.affairs well informed as to history of own
country. Page 1.
New York press glad Bryan is out of Cab
inet. Pago 3. t
Bryau to take stump for peace, presaging
hopeless split in party. Page 3.
Counsellor Lansing will sign note to Ger
many, as acting (Secretary of State.
Page 3.
President's note to Germany to be dispatched
today. Page 0.
Suffrarrlsts of National Association deplore
rniutant policy of rlvul organization.
Page is
Oregon horticultural exhibit wins first honors
at Sa.ii Francisco exposition. Page 1.
Congressmen seek clemency for accused mid
shipman. Page 23.
America to have billion dollar 'wheat crop.
Page 13.
Pacific Csast League results Portland 4.
Salt Lake 2; Oakland 7, ban Francisco 6;
Venice 0. Los Angeles 8. Page 20.
White Sox regain lead In American League.
Page .20.
Entries for Pacific Northwest Association
track meet given. Page 20.
O'Brien and Troeh star at trap shoot.
Page 21.
Skaters hold tryout over marathon course
for Thursday's race. Page 9.
National League scores. Page 9.
Pacific' Northwest.
Roy Farnum, on stand In own trial on mur
der charges, admits purchases of poison.
Page 7.
Degrees are bestowed on -01 at O. A. C.
Page 7.
Commercial and marine.
Oregon June crop report ts highly favorable.
Page 21.
Government estimates record crop of wheat.
Page 21.
Chicago wheat trailers sell, expecting bear
. ish .report. Page 21.
War specialties and coppers strong features
of stock market. Page 2L -
Depth of south channel over Columbia bar
Is 27 feet at low tide. Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
East Side waterfront fire loss may reach
4OO,0u0. Page 1.
Officials and employes at City Hall uneasy
over possibility of changes, due to elec
tion. Page 16.
New Commissioner and re-elected officers
take seats July 1. Page 22.
Bryan's resignation pleasing to many Port
land men. Page li.
George L. Baker and C. A. Blgelow elected
City Commissioners. Page 4. '
Mr. Daly will ask Council to give Jitneys
time to comply. Pago 4.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 13
Baker County Commissioners Are
Investigating Causes.
BAKER, Or., June 8. (Special.)
Cattle are dying from an unknown
cause In the vicinity of Hereford, ac
cording to a telephone message received
last night By George Elliott from
Frank Elliott, of Che Hereford neigh
borhood. Twelve head of Mr. Elliott's
stuck have dropped dead on the range
within the past week, and yesterday
two belonging to Frank Hardman were
found dead in the corral.
One of them was cut open on a sus
picion of poisoning and the lining of
the stomach found to be partly eaten
out. The County Commissioners have
ordered the stomach of the cow shipped
to Baker to be examined.
LOSS IS $400,000
Standard Box Factory
Burns at 2 A; M.
Big Tanks and Burnside Bridge
Blaze Is Most Spectacular, Glare
lighting Up City for Miles in
All Directions Two Fire
Boats Save City Dock.
At 4 o'clock, this morning the Are was
slill burning, but was believed under
Fire that swept clean five blocks on
the waterfront just south of the east
approach of , the Burnside bridge
caused an aggregate loss estimated at
more than $300,000, possibly $400,000,
and threatened other valuable neigh
boring property at 1:30 thfci morning.
The heaviest losses were suffered by
the Standard Box & Lumber Co., esti
mated by the superintendent at $250,
000: the Acme Planing Mill Company,
loss fixed by officers at $19,000, with
$9500 insurance; Page & Son, commis
sion warehouse.
' Freight House Is Damaged.
Five freight cars in the Southern
Pacific and O.-W. Ri & -Jf yards were
badly burned and the freight house
used jointly by- the two railroads was
damaged also.
The estimated loss of $400,000 in
cludes the roughly estimated loss of
the box factory and planing mill, a
vast quantity of lumber, and smaller
plants consumed, as well as the dam
age to telephone and wire service, the
Southern Pacific and O.-W. R. & N.
freight office and railroad equipment,
which caught from the sparks and the
belching flames as they "Were driven
eastward by the lively northwest wind.
A launch tied up near the mill, ex
ploded and was destroyed.
Municipal Dock No. 2, which was
dedicated two weeks ago, and the
Burnside bridge .were threatened for a
time. The firemen mauelieroic efforts
before the bridge was considered safe.
Two Horses Perish.
Two horses belonging to the Stand
ard company perished. The police and
tiremen rescued 16 others, one being
led out while his tail was aflame.
One of the dead horses was "Old Nig,"
a favorite on the docks for many years.
Ihc 16 horses were saved by Patrolmen
Maine, Warring and Day.
Most of the books of the Standard
company were saved by the office force,
who braved the flames to save them.
Manager Malarkey, of the Acme Com
pany, saved many of his books also.
The officers of the Standard Box &
Lumber Co. are: Isaac Gratton, presi-
. (Concluded on Page -4. Column 4.)
Experts From Four Corners of World
Pick This State Over California
. and Other Fruit Sections.
cisco. June 8. (Special.) The Oregon
horticultural exhibit. C. N. Kavlin. of
Hood River, chief, has received the gold
medal in close competition with Wash
ington, Idaho and California a: '. East
ern states and foreign nations.
The Jury on awards was composed of
famous horticulturists from "he Neth
erlands. Japan. California and the East.
A- tremendous triumph for the state.
Oregon spent on her exhibit J2D00:
Washington, $7500, and California, a
much larger sum. Success of Oregon Is
due to her exhibit being purely horti
cultural In character, every item being
practical for horticultural purposes.
There is tremendous enthusiasm
among Oregonians here over Oregon's
first big capture, borticulturally. from
Victoria Cross Given to Aviator Who
Destroyed Zeppelin.
LONDON. June 8. Reginald A. 0.
Warneford. the young Canadian sub
Lieutenant in the Royal. Navy, who
yesterday In an aeroplane attacked
and wrecked a Zeppelin dirigible over
Belgium, received the Victoria Cross to
day. Warneford's exploit marks the first
(Tine a Zeppelin has been brought to
earth by a monoplane. He dropped In
cendiary bombs on the Zeppelin, which
crashed to the ground and burned up.
The members of her crew, 28 men, were
Storm Is Coming, but Weather Man
Thinks It Will Miss City.
Kar weather for Portland for the
next two days at least was predicted
by Theodore F. Drake, assistant district
forecaster, of the local branch of the
United. States Weather Bureau, last
night, after observations were made
and information was received from sta
tions throughout the Northwest. "
"There Is a storm coming in this gen
eral direction," he said, "but I believe
it will miss Portland and touch proba
bly Eastern Oregon and Idaho."
Tuesdays War Moves
THE big battle In Galicia has not yet
. reached a decision. The Austro
Germaiis have crossed the Dniester
south of Lemberg and have assumed
the offensive farther south, and, ac
cording to the Austrian official report,
have succeeded in pushing the Russians
back between Kolomea and Kalusz in
Eastern Galicia.
This operation was necessary before
the Teutonic allies continued their ad
vance toward Lemberg. as tho Russian
attacks In the region of Kolomea were
beginning to look dangerous after the
Russians, as reported from Petrograd
last week, had inflicted a rather severe
defeat on the Austrians In this district.
British and Russian military opinion
is that the Austro-Germans, after their
big effort, which regained for them the
greater part of Galicia, have about ex
hausted themselves, and the view is ex
pressed that they will soon have to se
ci Hnd fortify a line on which tiiey
can withtsaud the Russian counter of
fensive, which already has made itself
felt on the lower San.
If the Russian positions were really
dangerous, these authorities say, the
allies long ago would have taken the
offensive Jn the west to relieve the
pressure on the eastern front. It is true
the French have been attacking at sev
eral points between Rheims and the dis
trict north of Arras, and in some cases
have been successful in gaining ground,
but the British are remaining quiet ind
it can hardly be said that a general
offensive in the west has begun.
The French are considered- to have
been successful in what they have un
dertaken. North of Arras they have
gained additional ground, and north of
the Aisne have repulsed four German
counter attacks and extended their pre
vious gains.
. On the other hand, the Germans say
they have repulsed some of the French
attacks ' north of Arras and to the
north of Soissons, the scene of the
Germans' last important victory in the
The operatlops on the Italo-Austrian
frontiers are pretty well screened by
the consorship. There are indications,
however, that a big battle is imminent,
if it has not already begun, along the
Isonzo River, where the Italians ap
parently have decided to launch their
principal attack. The Italian cavalry
have all crossed the river at one
point and it was reported from Geneva
yesterday, although there is no con
firmation, that they have pierced the
Austrian line.
There also are reports that the al
lies have again taken tho offensive on
the Ualllpoli Peninsula and have de
cisively defeated the Turks, but this
likewise lacks confirmation.
German submarines continue their
activities. Among their latest victims
were three Norwegian vessels, the
steamers Trudvang and Glittertind.
with Iron ore and lumber, respective
ly, for British ports, and the bark
Superb, with grain from South Amer
ica for Queenstown.
Others sunk were the Belgian steam
er Menapier. with the loss of 17 lives,
and the trawler i'entland.
Queen Sybil Will Open
Reign Auspiciously.
Festival Ruler Is Crowned
This Afternoon.
Children's Parade to Be First of
Week's Brilliant Pageants and
Girls to Give Concert Great
Floral Center to Be Opened.
S:30 to 9:30 Bu,nd concerts in
business streets.
10:30 A. M. School children's
parade in charge of Robert
ICrohn, marching on Grand ave
nue, north from Hawthorne to
Holladay street.
1 P. M. Judging of floral dis
play in Festival Center.
2 P. M. Opening of Festival
Center under dli'ection of John F.
Carroll, and coronation of Queen
Sybil, under auspices of Kuyal
2 P. M. Opening of rose show
in Meier & Frank's store.
2 P. M. Arrival of United
States cruiser South Dakota in
4:30 P. M. Children's choruses
In patriotic singing programme.
2700 voices, at Festival Center.
8:15 P. M. Rose Festival
chorus in concert at Festival Cen
ter 10 , to 11 Dancing on Park
blocks and Columbia street.
(For detailed Festival . pro
gramme see Pago 14.)
Queen Sybil rules.
While she will not be formally en
throned until this afternoon, she rules
in spirit this morning.
Queen Sybil enters her mythical do
main under most happy auspices. Her
subjects are filled with Joyous delight
lu the knowledge of her gracious pres
ence. Even the elements promise to be
kind to her.
"Fair tonight and Wednesday with
northwesterly winds." was the weather
bureau prediction last night.
"Northwesterly winds" Is interpreted
as a good omen. Their disposition to
bring fair weather and sunshine witli
them is proverbial.
This Is Portland's ninth annual de
parture from her wonted activities into
the picturesque realm of ' Kosedoin.
This is the ninth time that Portland
has capitulated to the charming de
signs of a rose sovereign, but only the
second time that she has abandoned
herself to the raptures of a queen. Lubt
year it was Queen Thelma. This year
it is Queen Sybil the popular choice
of the multitude.
Entire City Unna Gala Urt,
For weeks and months Portland ha3
been preparing lor Queen Sybil's in
auguration. 'Way back in tho dawn of
the new year plans for this year's Fes
tival began to take form.
While Ihe Festival directors and their
associates worked industriously behind
th- scenes only faint knowledge of
their progress drifted out to the busy
public, engaged in Us accustomed at
fairs. But within the last few weeks and
especially within the last few days all
Portland has been making visible dis
play of her plans to greet tho queen.
The streets and public buildings have
been taking on a gala appearance. Th?
roses encouraged by the billliunt sun
shine have issued forth in their most
attractive forms and colorings. The
people have become animated with a
new spirit tho Festival spirit.
Portland Ready to Pay Homatsc.
All Portland Is ready this morning
for Queen Sybil's commands.
Inauguration of the 191S Festival
will be marked at sunrise this morn
ing by a salute from the United States
cruiser Boston In the lower harbor.
From then until late Friday night
Queen Sybil's domination will be com
plete. From then uiitll Friday midnight a
continuous programme of music,
pageantry and heraldry will provido
entertainment for the gay festival
throng. Beginning at 8:50 o'clock this morn
ing the Festival bands will entertain
the Festival crowds on the principal
business streets. The musical tlomc-nl
will! be emphasized in this year's
events Hardly an hour will pass that
does not produce its quota of music.
Inasmuch as the school children's
parade on Grand avenuo this morning
is expected to attract thousands to
that thoroughfare, a concert has been
provided to take place at East Sixth
and East Alder streets, beginning at
9:10 o'clock. This will be conducted
by the Washington High School Girls'
Glee Club. William H Boyer will by
the conductor.
Qarrn ta Lead Parade of Children.
Tho children's parade will move
(Concluded' on Page 15, Column 6.)