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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 17, 1915)
' THE - MORNING O REG ONI AN. MONDAY, MAY 17. 1915.
Entered at Portland, Oregon, Postoffice as
Mcandclasi matter. '
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rORTLAKD, MONDAY, MAY 17. 1915.
Germany seems determined to per
sist in her representation of the sub
marine war as retaliation for Britain's
placing: food on the contraband list.
Yet before any suggestion had been
made by Britain of preventing ira
iports of food to Germany, Admiral
von Tirpitz, head of the German navy,
on December 2 threatened a sub
marine -war on Britain for the pur
pose of starving that country and ter
rorizing its civil population. This was
the very purpose which Germany now
accuses her enemies of pursuing
against her and which she now makes
the excuse for her massacres at sea.
Germany proclaimed British waters a
war area on February 5, announcing
Iier purpose1 to execute her threat be
ginning on February 18. President
Wilson sent his protest and warning
to Germany on February 10. This did
not prevent Germany from warning
neutral nations on February 13 to
keep their ships out of the war zone.
Not until March 1 did the allies
proclaim the long range blockade
against German commerce and not
until March 15 was the British order
In council issued putting the blockade
in effect. Its announced purpose was
not to prevent food in particular from
entering Germany, but to destroy all
.German commerce. The motive was
reprisal against German methods of
war, beginning with the sowing of
mines in the North Sea, continuing
with the bombardment of undefended
English towns and ending with the
submarine attacks on mercnani snips.
Food was not declared contraband
by Great Britain until after Von
Tirpitz had made his threat to starve
Britain nor until after the German
government had established a food
monopoly, which rendered it impos
sible for her enemies to discriminate
between food intended for the armed
forces and that intended for the civil
population. Yet Germany first pre
tended that the submarine war was
caused by the stoppage of food im
ports and then rejected a plan pro
posed by the United States for renewal
of these imports with British con
sent. When the United States proposed
that Britain permit importations of
food to Germany for distribution
among the civil population by United
States officials on condition that Ger
many abandon her methods of war
fare at sea, Germany promised only
not to torpedo ships if they did not
resist or fly a false flag. Her treat
ment of the Kalaba shows that she
regarded flight as resistance. In fact,
she agreed to board and sink them
instead of torpedoing them. This was
not an acceptance of the proposal and,
because it was not, Britain turned
down the American suggestion.
There hs never been any real
danger that Germany would be
starved out. She has proclaimed the
sufficiency of her food supply. If It
..... V. Aonn.nTr an Vi O f iYin
UaCU mbll QLUIIUIILJI bmu V..W
measures taken to regulate consump
tion were designed merely to enforce
The facts prove that Germany first
proposed the starvation policy. It did
not become inhuman in her eyes until,
according to her own statements, it
was turned against her. When she
had the opportunity to escape it or
to transfer the burden of" guilt to
her enemies,, she rejected that op
portunity and persisted in her cam
paign of marine massacre.
Germany continually shifts ground
in defending her naval war. One day
It is said to bo in revenge for the
attempt to starve her, another day
for tile sale ot war material to her
enemies. There is no more basis for
the latter than for the former defense
Only last December she admitted the
right of neutrals to sell war material
to belligerents. She has always ex
ercised this right when other na
tions were at war.
A fiET-TOCETHEB CONFERENCE.
The suggestion that a conference of
Republican and Progressive party
leaders be held, preliminary to the
Republican National Convention, will
meet with favor among members of
both parties who desire to see them
present a united front in the cartipaign
of 1916. The men whom the reunited
party is willing to accept as leaders
in the future may well come together,
as Mr. A. E. Clark suggests, and talk
over the principles which should be
embodied in their platform. Of course
their action would not be binding, but
It would be useful In clearing the
ground for action and would form the
basis for discussion by the convention
It is essential to the complete heal
ing of the Republican party's wounds
that the leaders on both sides in the
split of 1912 be relegated to the ranks.
Neither the progressives who stayed in
nor those who went out of the party
will accept as leaders such men as
Barnes, Crane, Penrose and .Cannon.
Neither the progressive nor the con
servative wing of those who stayed in
the party would accept the leadership
of Colonel Roosevelt or any of his
t hief lieutenants. Mr. Barnes has been
discredited by the revelations of his
unit against Colonel Roosevelt. Mr.
Crane is a man of the same stripe, the
late Senator Aldrich's willing servant.
Senator Penrose has been re-elected
by Pennsylvania, but the party at large
is under no obligation to follow him
because his state chooses him. Mr.
Cannon will re-enter Congress merely
as a picturesque survival from a by
gone political epoch.
The party has abundant good ma
terial for leadership without calling
upon any of the men whose names are
associated with past blunders, feuds
and animosities. The new men who
will be called to the front are capable
of building a platform embodying all
that is genuinely progressive in both
the Republican and Progressive plat
forms of 1912, and of nominating a
ticket capable of putting; the Nation
again on the sure road to progress
EXPERT AUVICE. 4
A somewhat bitter experience,
doubtless Increasingly re'gretted as
each of the thirty-eight years since
the event has rolled by, has caused
Chauncey M. Depew to issue a warn
ing against expert advice. On his
eighty-ftrst birthday he said:
jn ion i naa an option on a eixtn or tne
Bell Telephone for some days for flO.OOO.
1 consulted the-most famous telegraphic ex
pert In the country and he advised me to
drop it. "It la a toy and commercially a
rake," he said. Had I followed my strong
faith In the enterprise 1 would today (If
alive, which Is doubtful) be a hundred mil
lionaire. I have always lost money when
following the advice of experts. They are
governed by their data and lack imagina
tion, and without imagination all things
not demonstrated are to them worthless
But doubtless a great many others
could, if they would, disclose profit
from expert advicfe. The rise of the
telephone has been used in countless
cases as an argument to induce per
sons to invest in enterprises which
had all and more imagination at
tending their inception than did the
Bell invention. Countless intending
investors have been restrained by ex
pert advice and have lived to learn
the wisdom of their caution.
But it Is true also that some of the
best-known revolutionary inventions
were originally rejected, by experts.
Probably the best test as to whether
one shall engage in an untried enter
prise, provided he has faith and im
agination, and possesses hard com
mon sense, is the condition of his
financial resources. If only those who
can afford to take a chance would
listen to the promoter there would
be less suffering in the country and
probably just as many successful in
ventions. t SPLITTING A NICKEVL.
The correspondent who is so anxious
to obtain equity in water rates regard
less of expense should pursue his in
quires further into the methods of
government. Judging from his letter
today he believes that courts and all
their machinery are paid for out of
fees. Did he fail to read the story
recently printed in The Oregonlan of
how litigation between two dealers
over a second-hand stove cost a
county several hundred dollars?
The inequalities in the use - of
bridges, parks and fire department
are not comparable to the inequalities
in water rates, he informs us, because
they are supported by a general tax
and no one pays for their use." This
seems to be a repetition of the fancy
that taxes are a tine or penalty and
that governmental conveniences spring
Into being fcom nowhere. A bridge is
built for use and every property owner
pays directly and everybody else in
directly for its use whether he uses
it or not. Direct taxes are charged
against the property. Water rates
are also charged against property.
Frequently each is passed directly to
the ultimate consumer, but the only
difference is that one is paid at the
Courthouse, the other at the City Hall.
Our equity pursuing friend is quite
satisfied with what he terms a metered
telephone service. A higher rate is
charged for the business phone than
for the residence service; some are
charged by the number of calls; others
have nlckle-ln-the-slot instruments. If.
this is a. metered service and quite
satisfactory, then the present flat-rate
water system ought to be. Flat water
rates are now regulated by the num
ber of persons in thefamily and num
ber of fixtures. There are different
schedules for stores, manufactories.
hotels and various other institutions.
Many large users are required to have
meters, and it has been the policy to
install meters at residences where
waste has been discovered. '
Universal installation of meters to
provide additional equality is equiva
lent to spending many thousand dol
lars to split a 5-cent.piece exactly in
In some phases the resolutions
adopted by the State Grange at Tilla
mook do not disclose as much thought
or Investigation by the reporting com
mittees as was warranted. The roads-
resolution, for exampre. proposes that
the expenditure of state road funds
be taken out of the hands of the State
Highway Commission and transferred
to the County Courts; that the State
Engineer be relieved of authority to
select the roads to be improved, and
that roads be built without incurring
How. would the Grange have the
road funds apportioned? If divided
in proportion to the amount each
county contributes in taxes, the fund
will be equivalent to a county tax and
not be state aid at all. If apportion
ment is left to the Legislature, it is
a moral certainty that division of road
spoils will become the basis for ma
chine organization of the Legislature,
as it is in the State of Washington.
Roads will be built more -on the basis
of political influence than cbmmunity
Moreover, If our Information is cor
rect, the road laws of 1913 are pretty
nearly if not quite just as urged upon
the Legislature during the session by
Mr. Spence, one of th'e Grange leaders
and head of the legislative committee
Has the road law proved itself a fall
ure so soon?
In another resolution there is more
or less of an indorsement of rural
credits. The State Grange is thus on
record as encouraging the Individual
to obtain long-time loans for improve
ment of his own property, but objects
to the community doing the same thing
for improvement of community prop
erty. Pay as you go is their advice to
the body politic; pay a long time in the
future is their hope for the individual.
The Oregofiian is not at this time in
dorsing a large bond issue for road
work, but what is the difference in
principle, pray, between mortgaging
all property for all property's benefit
and mortgaging a farm for the farm's
The Grange's stand for a single leg.
lslatlve house of from nine to fifteen
members to sit permanently Is also of
more than passing interest. Yet w
are reminded that when tne state
Land Board was asked why it referred
the Summer Lake leasing project to
the Legislature when it had full au
thority to enter into the contract, the
reply was that the members of the
Board felt that so important an issue
should be decided by a body more rep
resentative of the entire state.
Here was a matter not local In any
sense and presumably of great conse
quence to the state. It was quasi
legislation, but still exactly of the
type which advocates of commission
state government assert would be act
ed upon most intelligently by a small
legislative body. Yet it was passed u
to the Legislature by a commission
not because of legal necessity, but be
cause it was felt that the men elected
from and representing every locality
in the state were best able to, judge
of the needs and desires of the com
monwealth. If important matters ought not to
be intrusted to a board or commission,
what of local legislation concerning
which it would not have first-hand in
formation, but to consideration of
which a large part of the ordinary ses
sion is now devoted?
Dr. Lyman Abbott, editor of the
Outlook, is of the opinion that con
gregations do not want war sermons.
Early last Fall people were hungry
for any scrap of speculation or intelli
gent thought about the war, but now
their mood' has changed. It has been
so thoroughly discussed in all its as
pects, the pros and cons so pitilessly
canvassed, that it has become weari
some. The news is perused languidly
except when some catastrophic event
occurs, like the sinking of the Lusi
tania. The daily reports have grown
What, congregations want is not
sermons that dwell passionately, or
even scientifically, upon the evils of
life. They crave consolation, as they
always have craved it. Blfnd our
selves to it as we may. this world is
a vale of tears and our life here is a
sorrowful pilgrimage. Wfiat can the
preachers give us to brighten things
up a little?
Dr. Abbott has had many years' ex
perience in the pulpit and his ser
mons have gratified numberless lis
teners. He could give a recipe for
making ideal sermons if he would. He
has not done so yet, but he may some
While waiting for his words of wis-
om we may suggest that a thorough
ly good sermon should contain a fair
spice of sentiment. If it does not, it
will be dry and tasteless. It should
also contain a mingling of sound
thought, not metaphysical specula
tion. That is not what congregations
ant, but solid reflection upon life's
impressive problems. With that must
go a bounteous measure of faith. We
o not mean faith in any particular
creed or formula, but in the righteous-
ess of the world's government. The
preacher who can impress upon his
hearers that goodness is sure of its
recompense and loving kindness of its
reward, that Justice lies at the foun
dation of things and mercy "animates
the decrees of the Almighty ruler, will
ot speak without a response from
lightened hearts. With' his great faith
the preacher must unite great hope.
Things will not always be so bad. This
old earth will not always be so
gloomy. The will of God will be done
ere some time as it Ls done in
heaven. It is not enough to pray for
this. It should be preached for, too,
and, better yet, worked for.
MR. DANIELS AND HIS CRITICS.
The guns of the Administration's
critics have been turned last upon
Secretary of the Navy Daniels. Some
of his antics have made him ridiculous
and have been ready tools in the
hands of those whose opposition he
has aroused. Ho loves to talk, to pose
In the limelight, and to stand conspic-
ously for democratic equality. He
has his photograph taken, showing
one hand on the shoujeer of a
corporal, the other on that of a blue
jacket, his face wearing . a smirk
seemingly assumed in an effort to
look pleasant." He violates naval
traditions by appearing on deck in
civilian costume, but with a naval
officer's cap on his head. It is dif
ficult to conceive that a man capable
f such acts ls also capable of wisely
administering a great department of
The criticisms of Mr. Daniels fall
into two classesthose relating to the
discipline and efficiency of the per
sonnel and those relating to the
adequacy and character of the ships.
An article by Colonel George Harvey
in the North American Review is
mainly in the former class. Renaming
Mr. Daniels "The Rt. Hon. Sir Jo-
sephus, N. C. B." (North Carolina
Boy), he likens the Secretary to Sir
Joseph Porter, K. C. B., of "Pinafore1
fame, and satirically traces his career
from boyhood. He suggests that the
real Mr. Daniels was talked to death
in a talking match' by another man
who then assumed, and has since
masqueraded under the name of the
victim. The suggestion is made that
he is a busybody and "an Industrious
First among his pernicious activi
ties is cited the removal of Philip
Andrews as Chief "of the Bureau of
Navigation and his forbidding the
promotion of Captain T. M. Potts to
the grade of Rear-Admiral, for the
suggested purpose of showing that he
(Daniels) was ".monarch of the seas.
He makes speeches to ships' crews and
thereby disturbs discipline to such a
degree that captains dislike to see
him come aboard.
Colonel Harvey approvingly quotes
the New York Sun as saying that Mr.
Daniels regards the Navy as a neees'
sary evil and as a "field for t-he ap-
plication of his political principles.'
Hence his order forbidding alcoholic
liquor in the Navy, which. Admiral
Dowey explains, will prevent our en
listed men from accepting invitations
from foreign navies because they can
not return hospitality in kind. Naval
officers could not understand why
prohibition was not applied to the
Army also. Secretary of War Gar
rlson's sole comment was that he was
minding his own business, but he
"put forth no edict forbidding his
subordinates to do what nobody had
accused them of doing and reflecting,
at least by way or comparison, upon
their characters and their conduct.
Hence, says Colonel Harvey, "the
officers of the Army swear by and the
officers of the Navy swear at their
' Mr. Daniels ls taken to task for
'the turning of battleships into pri
mary schoolhouses." He has thereby
mad himself so unpopular with en
listed men that they hailed with loud
cheers a prolonged recess when the
ships went to Vera Cruz and hissed
Mr. Daniels' picture at a moving
picture show.. On; the theory that a
sailor is any mans equal Mr.
Daniels proceeded to democratize the
Navy. He reduced the standard of
examination for commissions and
"ordered that ten vacancies in the
pay corps be filled by noble tars." It
is asserted, though denied by the Sec
retary, that he ordered that officers
and men mess together, but rescinded
it when he discovered that colored
bluejackets would necessarily be in
Ignoring the Democratic platform
declaration against extravagance, he
punished New Hampshire for going
Republican by taking away ship re
pair work from the Portsmouth Navy
yard and giving it to Pensacola and
other Southern yards.
In support of the charge that the
Navy is both inefficient and insuffi
cient, the North American Review
quotes Admiral Flske's oft-quoted I
testimony before the House com- I
mittee. It also quotes Admiral Knight,
president of the Naval War College,
as saying that the Navy lacks absolute
harmony in all its branches, lacks
dry docks and supporting ships and
lacks efficient organization of the
His , criticism is t summed up in
The thing that is most radically wrong
is the fact that the Navy Department
takes no account of the relation of the
Navy to war.
Mr. Daniels . is accused of having
taken to himself the honor of secur
ing from Congress provision for four
battleships, though Congress had re
jected his own proposal for only two.
The North American makes this sting
Of all our Secretaries of the Navy, he
has proved himself unquestionably the least
competent. If he has done a single use
ful act. barring his boasted saving at the
spigot while wasting at the bunghole, the
instance has yet to be revealed. If he has
failed to utilize an opportunity to dis
credit both the department and the Ad
ministration, the omission is not yet ap
parent. A defense of Mr. Daniels is made in
the Independent by Park Benjamin,
who discovers "a widespread inclina
tion to pitch into Secretary Daniels."
He ascribes this partly to the Secre
tary's having saved $3,000,000 In
building the Arizona and scaled down
the profits of armor and ammunition
making concerns. He quotes the Sec
retary's statements as to the number
of ships in commission, in reserve and
under construction; that the supply
of mines and torpedoes and the facili
ties for their construction have been
increased; that the ratio of desertions
is the lowest on record and that "the
drunken tar Is as extinct as the
' The Secretary's notions as to up
lift of the enlisted men. savor of the
ideas of the French revolutionists of
1793, who forgot "that there can be
no such thing as equality in an or
ganization in which some of its mem
bers must obey the orders of the
others." In this respect "the Secre
tary is striking squarely at the dis-
ipline of the Navy," for example In
ncouraging enlisted men to write
irectly to him about their grievances.
instead of through their captain.
Mr. Daniels has not Improved his
ase by the wild exaggerations and
bold assertions contained in his speech
the officers of the Atlantic fleet.
No critic that he can name has said
that "so long as we have-not as many
New Yorks as all the nations of the
earth combined, it is worthless," nor
that we should have "as many sub
marines as the three biggest European
When a man so grossly misrepre
sents the position of his critics, he
iscredlts all that he says in his oyn
How do the - vigilant officers of
Maekamas know the fifty gallons of
booze captured early yesterday morn-
ng was not intended for external use
by the Oregon City fraternity to whom
it was consigned? Did they never hear
f using liniment on a goat?
Secretary Lane has a gradual and
painless method of separating recla
mation officials from their jobs. They
are eased out so slowly that they find
themselves out in the cold without
knowing how they got there.
Thousands of people in the sage
brush country have been bitten by
ticks and have not died of . spotted
fever. In the case of those who die
there must be organic or other trouble
that predisposes to fatality.
If President Wilson always did as
well without the advice of his Cabi
net as he did in dealing with Ger
many, we should feel disposed to urge
him always to decide first and consult
the Cabinet afterwards.
Thpra l not much in Kiffht Fnr th I
Beavers when they come home next
week, except precedent, and that ls
comforting. The pennant winners al
ways have a bad first half of the year.
The German-Americans are discov
ering that they are just plain Ameri
cans after all. We always thought
they were, but they just needed a gen
tle reminder to cut off the prefix.
Adjutant-General White is advised
that torpedo-boats and destroyers are
all right for Portland harbor this Sum
mer, but what the landsman especially
wants to see is a submersible.
When we contemplate the divided
counsels of the eingle-taxers, we won
der whether the Israelites would ever
have reached the promised land if they
had had no Moses.
Every boy and man in Oregon whose
given name is William Lair; and there
are many will rejoice in the golden
wedding celebration of William Lair
Hill and wife.
The suddenness with, which the
Italian riots subsided when Premier
Salandra withdrew his resignation
suggests that they were carefully
Americans in danger in the Yaqui
zone must make their way to the coast
to be protected by marines. That is
the best this Nation will do for them.
What would be the use of any evll-
intentloned nation sending spies to this
country? We have very little to spy
on and we have no secrets.-
The Michigan, under charter to the
American line, sailed Saturday, carry
ing contraband. Does anybody sup
pose Germany knows it?
With, wars and revolutions in nearly
all countries, 1915 makes the first
French revolutionary epoch and 1848
seem peaceful indeed-
The man arrested on the roof ef a
three-story business house early yes
terday may have been taking a look
at the milky way.
The Austrians are about to restart
all the Przemysl business, just as the
world had decided It could not say
There are .figures and "Aggers," Mr.
Daly. Some do not He and some de
pend upon the shaping of them.
If Austrians and Huns do not leave
Italy they will be shot full of holes
The Police Band will leave a trail ot
Oregon harmony on its 'path through
Portugal is so far from the firing
line it must start a row of its own.
This is agony week in the contest
for queen of the Rose Festival.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonlan of May 17, 1880.
Wllkesbarre, Pa. Twen.ty-seven men
wera entombed yesterday when a cave
in occurred In one of the coal mines of
the Lehigh & Wilkesbarre Company.
San Francisco. The Southern Pacific
Railroad Company, owing to the snow
blockades and bad weather, has suf
fered a substantial decrease in the earn
ings of the company during the last
three months. The expenses have far
exceeded' the Income of the road in
Washington. At the request of Mr.
Wilson. Commodore Ramsey has desig
nated (September 22 as the date for the
examination of Harlow E. Truax as a
naval cadet from Washington.
Spokane Falls. Fire broke out here
on the morning- of Friday, May 16, at
2:30 o clock and before it was curoea
had caused a damage loss of more than
The Wasco Board of Trade bas elected
the following board of directors: J. K.
Morrison, C. J. Bright, V. C. Brock. O.
B. Hartley. W. M. Barnett, Angus Cam
eron and J. B. Hosford.
Richard Lemon has been elected
chairman of the North Portland Demo
cratic Club and J. Adams has been
A letter has been received by Mrs.
Charles E. Ladd from Miss Hamlin,
who accompanied the Pundlta to her
home in India. The women of Portland
were much interested in this high-caste
Hindu lady.'who was in this city about
IS months ago.
Emperor William's Alsatian shooting
expedition, it is said, was a complete
failure, his Majesty missing every bird
he shot at.
Charles F.andolph. of Chicago, who. It
was supposed, had ; been missing for
some time and about Whom various ru
mors and reports have been printed,
came to The Oregonlan office yesterday
and announced who he was, adding that
his family was not worried, as tome
believed. Mr. Randolph said he quietly
left Chicago because his health was
noor. He was at one time secretary
of the National Board of Trade and
president of the American Fireproof
Steel Car Company.
Paris Messrs. Bartholdi and Eiffel,
after careful calculation, have decided
that the celebrated wonder of the
world, the "Colossus of Rhodes," as de
scribed by ancient historians, could not
possibly have existed. Eiffel worked
the problem out carefully with, Bar
tholdi and proved as conclusively as
modern science can that the legend of
Colossus is as mythical as those of
Hercules or any of the others of the
sun gods of old. x
VOICE OF COPPERHEAD IS HEARD.
Men Who Don't Uphold the President
Express Tbelr "Patriotism."
CLE ELUJI, Wash., May 13. (To the
Editor.) Wy cant you be fair? Every
thing is. for England to start a hole
nation and wee beeing a Party to Help
them. Bryan and Wilson Done rong
to themself ouer country' and every
one, by Not Insisting or Demanthing
thyer rights, to Trade with Germany.
The English Press has been Acting
sistematlcly for the Last 15 Years like
You and this War ls the result.
" E. J. DUERRWAECHTER.
He Didn't Dare "ten Hla Name.
PORTLAND, May 16. (To the Edl-tor-
In reading your editortal, "Cop
perheadlsm" I wiali to say that you
are mistaken when you write about
the United States never violated any
rules of war which Involved the un
deserved death of neutrals. Then do
you mean that those school children
at Vera Cruz deserved death? Do you,
Mr. Editor, think that the women and
children in Ludlow deserved death
Do you think that there ls no stain
on the Stars and Stripes. There ls
some people that you can not fool, Mr.
Editor. ONE WHO KNOWS.
P.S. I dare you to print this letter
Why Not Sic Dos; on Prealdentf
PORTLAND. May 16. (To the Edi
tor.) Since the sinking of the Lusi
tanla you are bristling up for a fight
and wish to drag the United States in
to the war. I would advise you to go
over and help John Bull It you are
anxious to get in to the fight he needs
men like you.
If you don't care to go over there
I will Invite you over to my place.
have a mighty good fighting bull dog
who would be pleased to meet you, and
I will guarantee you that he will 'be
able to shake all the fighting spirit out
of you and, perhaps, be able to shake
a little common sense and self-respect
Into your hide.
It would have been a mighty good
thing if there had been several hun
dred of you crooked John Bull paid
editors on the Lusltanla when she
went down. Thi country would sure
ly be thankful to the German sub
marines. - R. T. HOODMEIl
Front a Wle Old Scout.
PORTLAND, May 16. (To the Edl
tor.) I am a traveling salesman and
make Portland about every two months
I am an everyday reader of the Morn
ing Oregonian. and I am filled with
surprise that a small city like Portland
can keep such an able writer as the
gentleman who writes the editorial
buncombs that daily appears on 'the
eighth page of your paper.
The thought that created or in
spired these words was the lndeffinate
answer given to "Father Gregory's'
letter in the issue of May 13.
You say the sinking of the Lusltanla
was murder. How do you define
"murder?" Is It murder for the allies
to drop bombs In cities of mixed
population, irrespective of whose death
it may cause? Is it as bad to sink the
Lusltanla that was conveying munition
of war to the enemy as It ls for th
subjects of Great Britain to mob Ger
mans who unfortunately are residing
in England? How about the acts
the English during the early history
of our country, when they employed
the Indian to attack our forts,., to
oespon tne women, mutulate the men
and siaugnter the children?
This, of course, is justifiable because
you, like the pope, are infallable and
Your writings are not. true: they
arouse animosities in the ignorant and
ridicule in others. . R. H. KAY,
We presume the last corresponden
classes himself among the Ignorant, as
he expresses anlmosltyjiot ridicule. In
knowing where he belongs he is to that
extent and that only a wise old scout.
He "lias not yet discovered that Amer
ica's protest is against murder of Amer
icans, not against German, English,
French or Russian murder of other
Mauretanla Fastest Shin. '
I PORTLAND, May 15. (To the Edi
tor.) Which of the two boats held
the record across the ocean, the Mau
retanla or Lusitania? f
' ROBERT WIFFEN.
The Lusitania broke p'cevious rec
ords in 1908 on the New York-Queens-town
run by makkag the trip In 4 days,
15 hours, but this record was lowered
by the Mauretanla in 1910 to 4 days,
10 hours, 41 minutes. The Mauretanla
also holds the record for the fastest
day's run 676 knots, or 27.04 knots
CHANGES IX SEA WARFARE RILES
Correspondent Suarajests New I'ssges to
Fit Submarine Combat.
EUGENE. Or., May 15. (To the Edi
tor.) in view of the introduction of
the submarine into modern warfare, it
will, undoubtedly, become necessary to
make changes In the present rules and
practices of warfare at sea. The fol
lowing suggestions for such changes
are herewith submitted to the consid
eration of The Oregonian and its read
ers: 1. That absolute contraband
arms, ammunitions and explosives in
particular be carried on belligerent
ships only, such ships to be treated as
warships, having the right to be armed, '
and subject to attacks by submarines
without warning: the crew to be re
garded as combatants.
2. That conditional contraband and
non-contraband be carried on either
belligerent or neutral ships, such chips
not to be armed, and subject only t5
the right of visit and search, and not
to be destroyed until after the crew
has been taken to a place of safety; the
crew to be regarded as non-combatants.
3. That passengers be carried on
neutral ships only, such ships not to
be armed, and to carry non-contraband
only, and to be subject to the right of
visit-and search, and, possibly, to be
convoyed by-neutral warships 011 their
arrival in the territorial waters of a
belligerent state; both the passengers
and the crew to be regarded as non
combatants. 4. That the ship manifests be pub
lished at the time of the sailing of the
6. That the limit of the territorial
waters be extended from three miles to
25 or 30 miles. -
The adoption of these rules and prac
tices would seem to bring modern war
fare at sea into harmony with the
exigencies of the time.
JEAN DU BUY
Horsea and Food In Germany.
PORTLAND, Or., May 16 (To the
Editor.) I quote below for publica
tion in The Oregonian paper, a letter
received by me from a friend in Ger
I am Just setting; orders to make prepnra-
110ns 10 join my former resiinent. Tlein
artillery, where I am a reserve officer.
m -40 years of age, but there are many
men ahead of me so that they will not
need my services for the next six months.
am going to every-day training so that
may be ready when the call comes.
mljht add st this time, there will be r.o
shortage of horses for artillery, as we ha
an over-supply also there is no shortage
of raw material and provisions. We are
on; way rrom nunger starvation.
By mall, under separate rover. I nm
sending you a bill of fare from which you
will readily see that pries In cat-s and
restaurants have not been changed, and
that imported delicacies are much cheaper.
Opera houses and theaters are eoine in fill
Mast, and the better class of theaters havl
full house every day all tickets tx?ing
With kindest regards to yourself and wife
and hoplns; to hear from you very soon.
ERNEST PCH EL.I.KN BECK.
Thanking you in advance for giving
this room In your esteemed columns.
PAUL, STEIN METZ.
MISTAKE TO ADOPT POt'.ND LAW
Institution Conducted Carefully and
Humanely, and Yield Profit.
PORTLAND. Mav 16. (To the Edi
tor.) 1 am not in 'the habit of writ
ing letters on public matters, but there
seems to be considerable agitation at
the present time concerning the matter
of transferring the conduct of tha city
pound to the Oregon Humans Society.
Now, I am competent to bay on this
subject that this would be a. very fool-
h mistake. During the two veara
that I served on the Executive loard
of the city, 1 was chairina.i of the
committee In charge of thirf depart
ment and I have no hesltan-y In say
ing that the city pound whs 1 '.ittle
more than self-sustaining: that the
work was carefully done: that no con,-
plaints were made to the committee
against the conduct of the pound; and
impounded . animals were well cared
for. and when It wss necessary to do
away with any of them, it was done
in a humane and scientific manner.
I feel very sure thnt it would be a
great mistake to dilrb this depart
ment when it is beint; so efficiently
conducted. sAMUKL COXNELL
Cartco Question la Raised.
WILLAMINA. Or., May 15. (To the
Editor.) ls It a general practice to
load 20o0 humans in a ship above a vast
quantity of explosives? is it not pos
sible that one torpedo only disabled
the Lusltanla, causing a listing and
sinking, yet by reaching the chamber
of ammunition, caused such a havoc
that the whole structure 'Jlsappeared
in such a short time, whilst naval ex
perts declare the Lusitania was ordi
Every community forbids storing of
considerable explosives within the
city, yet in this unfortunate ship were
enough stored to blow 10 times the
number to the other side of time.
Is the captain to blame or his com
pany or the United States officials, for
allowing such a cargo on a passenger
ship? CHARLES RHEL'DE.
Oh, Sath Luscious Spnds!
The Mount Angel potato pool, of 1 1
carloads, was sold last week et Mount
Angel to Mangls Bros., of Salem, at 71
cents per bushel. It la said the buyers
have already sold them at a good profit.
Measures on Ballot
Tho Oregonian herewith presents
the first of a aeries of explanations of
the measures which will appear on
the ballot at the regular city election
June 7. other measures will be ex
plained in subsequent issues.
"An art to amend the charter by add
ing thereto a section to be designated
as section 27513. authorizing the Coun
cil to provide lp one proceeding for
the elimination of the grade crossings
of two or more streets with any rail
road or railroads in a district."
Elimination of a great deal of ex
pense and unnecessary work ii the
handling of the big Sullivan's Gulch
grade elimination project on the East
Side is the purpose of the above meas
ure, which will appear on the ballot at
the city election June 7. The measure
has been submitted by the Council at
the request of City Commissioner Uleck.
The charter, as it stands, make no
provision for handling more than one
grade - crossing elimination project
with one proceeding. There are eight
grade-crossings to be done away with
In the Sullivan's Gulch project, and all
are so Interlocked that they must be
handled as one project. The charter
makes no provision now for handling
them as one.
According to the plan, H.000 lots on
the East Side between the head of Sul
livan's Gulch and the city limits are
to be assessed for the cost of changing
the crossings and constructing via
ducts. Should It be necessary to han
dle each one of the eight projects in
dependently of the others, each of the
14,000 lota would have eight different
assessments. This would involve a I
great deal of useless work on the part
of the City Auditor and the engineer
The voters at an election about two
years ago adopted a. charter amend
ment providing for the elimination of
grade-crossings. That measure, as
passed, made no provision for handling
the big Sullivan's Gulch project as a
unit. This probably was through over
sight, as it was the general intention
at the time the measure was adopted
to apply the new measure to the Sul
livan's Gulch project. In that case It
would be impossible to eliminate one
of the crossings without clirninatim;
the rest, owing to the fact that the
project involves the lowering of the
railroad tracks as well as the erection
of viaducts. ;
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonlan of May 17. 1M.
The "down" trade of the Columbia.
River is Jut beginning to attract no
tice. A few years ago all the ship
ment of our noble river were confined
to shipments of Government freight
to supply forts, etc., next to supply
mining communities with the necessi
ties of life, and the only returns have
heretofore been in bullion, with occa
sional lots of hides from the beef rattlo
slaughtered there. Last year the re
ceipts increased so much that it was
taken . into account, and the present
season we find it very materially
The residents of First street are very
much delinquent the present teason
by a lack of enterprise In making prep
aration for the Improvement of their
avenue. a notice that becond. Third.
Fourth and other streets are all re
ceiving some improvement.
John Dolan, County Assessor, is now
making the assessment of Multnomah
County, and in accordance with the
provisions of an act of the last Legis
lature is taking, in connection with
the assessment, a fall and complete
census of the county.
The steamer WiL-on G. Hunt has
been put in trim and will again reaume
her trips to tlia Cascades today. The
Hunt, with the exception of about 10
days, aside irom Sundays, hag mad
regular trips to the Cascades from this
city every 2 hours since the Winter
of -62 and '6.1.
The O. S. N. Company has Jut com
pleted a new side-wheel steamer as
near the pattern of the Oneonta a
could be made, for use in this city as
a vane, to be placed iu feet above, their
new warehoiife on a spindle attached
to a spire. The boit was made at the
establibhment of Messrs. Milwain K.
Joynt by a practical tinsmith. It Is
s'n feet long and - feet beam.
Murk A. King, asrsyer for Wells.
Fargo & Co.. of this city, yesterday
turned out a fine lot of gold from crude
bullion, deposited by Mr. Hotter front
the new diggings not far from Grand
Konde Valley On the river of that name.
The gold shows a value of $17. S3 and
$17.86 an ounce and we are informed
there Is an abundance ot It to be ob
tained In those parts.
By the Statesman, received lai-t even
ing, we learn that the people of aUm
had made preparation for a picnic yes
terday at u grove near the residence
of E. X. Cooke, for the purpose of re
ceiving and entertaining the delegation
of our firemen, delivering the engiic
lately sold by Company No. 2 to the
Beale and Baker, the murderers of
Delaney, air today to auffer the penalty
the law affixes to tiieir monstrous
crime. The authorities at Salem are
taking proper precautions against any
THIXtiS I'O K WHICH ISO O.VK PAYS
Meter Enthusiast Thinks Bridges, Parks
and Fire Defense Free.
PORTLAND, May 16. (To the Edi
tor.) In your criticism of my article
In The Oregonlan you My my com
plaint In effect Is that I use less wa
ter than my neighbor, hut pay the
same price. If this were my complaint
(but It is not, it would be good as
against the system that brings about
Does it really make any differeu-c
that the gas company and the electric
company have to manufacture their
products and do not tap a natural res
ervoir? if the service of furnishing light and
heat Is worth charging for at all it
should be charged for equably. The
whole question is summed up as fol
lows: A service such as the water
service must either be free or charged
for. If a charge is made it should be
an equitable one. It Is not a question
of conservation. althoURh that may
have been necessary In some localities
at times. But rather shall we formu
late rules that are not to he observed
or if observed do not tend to deal im
partially with the users of water. You
ask how would I like to have my tele
phone metered. That is Just what I
done. Some phones have so many calls
per month for so much, ome have a,
nickel in the slot. There Is a difference
between a residence and office phone
charge, because the office phone Is
supposed to be used more th.m the res
idence phone. Bridges, parks. Fire De
partment are cited, but they are not
in point because produced and sup
ported by a general tax, and no one
pays for their use.
They would be a good argument
against the law requiring a property
owner to build the street In front of
his property when he may not use it
at ail. It is for the public use and
therefore the public should make the,
roads. A municipality should build Its
streetu ty a general tax Just as the
county makes Its roads. As for litig
ious persons who have the services of
the court. In all civil cases the liti
gants pay for the service rendered
them. It Is true the cost Is usually
taxed against the party who loses. In
criminal cases the cost is borne by the
Even a gravity water system costs
something. The original outlay, the
continued costs for betterments, the
cost of deprecistion, etc., must all bo
considered. Because there happens to
be plenty of water is no reason why it
should be wasted or that the rules
governing its use should not be ob
served. The city ls the largest consumer and
In order to allow the Water Board to
make a fair showing should ba
charged for its consumption. While It
would be taking out of one pocket and
putting in the other It would put the
only department that Is self-supporting
on a true basis.
If we sell water to the consumer,
let us have one price to all, and In
order to have one price we must
meter it? J. W. fi.
Railway Commissioners Association.
HUNTINGTON. Or.. May 14. (To tha
Editor.) I will thank you to let m
know the address of the National As
sociation ot Railway Commissioners,
or where I may secure copies of their
Their reports at one time were dis
tributed by the Bureau of Public Docu
ments from Washington, D. C. but I
understand they have been withdrawn
from their lists. N. E. KELLER.
Write to the secretary, William H.
Connolly, Washington, D. C.
' . Say Twice a Month.
We can all help the cotton industry
by changing our shirts oftener.
The Dollars That Die
Every retailer knows them well.
They are represented by goods
on his shelves for which there la
no demand. Ills dollars have
died the slow withering death of
The dying dollars eat the life
out of profits.
The retailer wants quick sellers
and, from experience, he knows
the value of worthy articles that
are newspaper advertised.
Me knows that the manufactur-
er's advertising In the news
papers will bring bim customers.
And In customers is prosperity.