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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL,. LiV. NO. 16,973.
rORTLANDt OREGOX, MONDAY, APRIL 19, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FIRE LOSS $250,000
AT 4TH AND ANKENY
Block in Flames.
TWENTY FIREMEN OVERCOME
Property Worth $500,000 Is
.Threatened by Blaze.
5 TAKEN TO HOSPITAL
'Falling Estate, Owner or Building,
and Paper Company Heaviest
losers Insurance Covers
Greater Tart of Damage.
FACTS ABOUT NIGHT FIRE IN
HEART OF WHOLESALE
Where Blake - McFall Paper
C o m p a n y's six-story building.
Fourth and Ankeny, southwest
corner. Building- owned by Fail
ing estate, built in 1909 at cost
of $150,000. Frontage, 160 feet
on Fourth, 93 feet on Ankeny.
Time Seven o'clock Sunday
Loss Estimated at 10 P. M. at
$250,000, including part of $200,
000 stock of Blake-McFall Com
pany, valuable engraving plant
of Hicks-Chatten Company and
stock of smaller firms.
Inscurance Loss practically
Practically all apparatus in city
called out. outlying districts
sending in men and equipment.
Fifteen lines of hose playing on
fire from Ankeny side alone.
Two companies of Oregon Naval
Militia pressed into service.
Building was unoccupied at
time fire started, so far as
known', and electricity was sup
posedly cut off.
Fire walls isolate fire from
Fifteen firemen overcome with
smoke. Joe Mufholland and
Fred Williams, of Engine Com
pany No. 2, and F. L. Hoffman,
of Engine Company No. 13 taken
to hospital at 9 o'clock.
Oxygen helmets were brought Into
nervlce at 9:30 by three of the fire cap
tains, to enter tbe building; and search
for some of the firemen who were mlsa
lug and were supposed to be lying un
conscious In the smoke.
Captain Arch Smith, of Eiglu 4;
Captain Farmenter, of Truck Company
3, and Carl Gunster, of Engine 3,
donned the helmets and made the
Property worth half a million dol
lars is threatened by a Are which
started in tne Blake-McFall six-story
building, Fourth and Ankeny streets, in
the heari of the wholesale district, at
7 o'clock last night, and in a few
minutes turned the structure Into a
raging furnace which no firemen could
enter. The probable loss at 10 P. M.
Is estimated at $250,000, with 90 per
cent covered by insurance. The origin
of the Are is unfixed.
Practically all the Are-fighting ap
paratus in the city had been summoned
by 8 o'clock. The Areboat David Camp
bell stretched three lines of hose from
Twenty Firemen Overcome.
Twenty firemen were overcome by
emoke, five of whom were rushed to
the hospital in a precarious condition.
The other firemen were taken to the
Multnomah Hotel, where they were
taken care of by Assistant City Physi
cian Harding. Nearly all were from
engine company No. 2.
Blake-McFall Heaviest Loser.
The heaviest losers are the Falling
estate, which owns the building, and
the Blake-McFall Company, which oc
cupies three-fourths of the building.
Nine other firms have offices in the
building. They are:
The Hicks-Chatten Engraving Com
pany. The Kelley-Clarke Company. ,
The Portland Stationery & Wooden
George P. Ide Sc Co.
The O. E. Fletcher Sales Agency.
The Western Dry Goods Company.
Marshall Field & Co.
T. Crowe & Co.
Montague-O'Reilly Company, contrac
tors. C. D. Bruun, president of the Blake
McFall Company, estimated the com
pany's probable stock loss at $200,000.
Mr. Bruun said that part of the com
pany's stock was in the burning build
ing, and the remainder in the ware
house. He was unable, he said, to make
an accurate estimate of the stock in
cither building last night. The Blake
McFall Company, Mr. Bruun said, car
ried insurance equal to 90 per cent of
the total .value of the stock.
Smoke Hampers Firemen.
The building was erected in 1909 at
a cost of $150,000. The loss will prob
ably be at least $60,000.
The other losses will consist chiefly
(.Concluded on Fags !).
AIRMEN FROM SUEZ
CANAL RAID TURKS
FRENCH CKX'ISERS ACTIVE IX
Camp Near EI Arish Is Bombarded
and Another 40 Miles Southwest
of Jerusalem Later Slielled.
CAIRO, via London, April 18. The
following official communication was
"On the 15th three aeroplanes made
a flight from the canal to Flsirr, some
25 miles south of El Arlsh, dropping
bombs, which were effective. From
150 to 200 tents were seen. The dis
tance flown was more than 170 miles.
"No other enemy troops were seen
this side of Flsirr, though one or two
small posts of about 20 men are known
"On the same date a French cruiser
bombarded a camp near El Arish, a
seaplane directing the fire. No large
number of troops were seen, though
enemy guns opened fire both on the
cruiser and the seaplane. Neither was
"On the 17th a French cruiser again,
assisted by a seaplane, bombarded the
enemy's camp well to the south of
Ghazzeh (some 40 miles southwest of
Jerusalem.) Considerable damage was
DRYS MOVE ON CAPITOL
Plans Laid to Surround Congress
With Prohibition Thousands.
WASHINGTON, April 18. (Special.)
One .of the picturesque developments
in the fight of the anti-liquor forces
tb secure Nation-wide prohibition came
to light here today with the announce
ment that at the next Congress there
will be an "on-to-Washingtot" move
ment of those who sympathize with the
The plan is to have many thousands
of men and women reach Washington
on a concerted date and surround the
Capitol to give a demonstration of pro
The demonstration will be known as
"blue ribbon day in Washington."
WHEAT KING AFTER RECORD
George Drumlieller Wants More
Than $200,000 for 1915 Crop.
WALLA WALLA, Wash., April 18.
(Special.) George Drumheller, whose
$200,000 check for his wheat crop last
Fall brought him notoriety, expects to
get a larger one this year. Believing
that the price will be as high or higher
than last year, when he received $1 a
bushel, he has planted 8500 acres of
land to wheat, which sets a new rec
ord for individual wheat growing in
the Inland Empire. He declares the
outlook for more than an average crop
Is bright and expects 30 to 35 bushels
He had to reseed 700 acres damaged
RAILS SENT TO ALASKA
First Shipment by Government to Be
feed for Working Terminals.
SEATTLE. Wash.. April 18. The first
rails for the Government railroad in
Alaska were shipped tonight on the
steamer Mariposa, which sailed for
Cook Inlet. The shipment consisted of
two carloads to be used in building
working terminals at Ship Creek, which
will be the base for this season's oper
ations. The Mariposa also carried
large shipments of lumber, construc
tion equipment and supplies for the
Alaska Engineering Commission.
Lieutenant Frederick Mears, of the
Alaska Engineering Commission, and
45 surveyors were among the 291 pas
sengers on the steamer.
ALBERT ECKMAN IS SUICIDE
Bullet Is Sent Through Heart Fol
lowing Repeated Threats.
Albert Eckman, of 1069 East Thirty
third street North, shot himself through
the heart late yesterday. His wife found
his body In the chicken yard at the
rear of their home.
Mr. Eckman, who was about 47 years
old, had threatened numerous times to
end his life and several weeks ago pur
chased a revolver. His wife gave it to
a neighbor. Her husband laughed at
her precaution and last week purchased
another gun. An investigation will bo
made to find where he purchased the
He is also survived by a daughter.
DEATH DARED TO SAVE BOY
Walla Walla Woman Drives Auto
Into Pole and Injures Own Son.
WALLA WALLA. Wash., April IS.
(Special.) Choosing to imperil her own
life to save a young boy, Mrs. Welford
Gross drove an auto this afternoon into
a telephone pole, the impact hurling
her own son through the windshield.
He received some bad cuts and scratches
on the face and it was feared at first
his jaw was broken. The lad in dan
ger, Thomas Drumheller, was saved.
The Gross boy is doing well tonight,
no bones being broken.
YUKON ICE BREAKS EARLY
River free to Lake Labargo
Days Ahead of Last Year.
DAWSON. X. T., April 18. The Yukon
River ice is breaking up the earliest in
its history. The river is already open
from White Horse, the head of naviga
tion, to Lake Labarge, 16 days earlier
than last year.
The ice on Labarge is so thin that
crossing is dangerous.
JAPAN HOT TRYING
TO ESTABLISH BASE
Only Salvage Opera
tions Carried On.
AMERICAN CRUISER REPORTS
Commander Irwin Describes
Conditions at Turtle Bay.
ASAMA IS STILL AGROUND
Only Other Vessels Present Are Re
pair Ship and Two Colliers Re
port Made Following Csual
"Visit of Courtesy."
Washington. Arpn is. comman
der Noble Irwin, of the cruiser New
Orleans, reported to the Navy Depart
ment today that he had investigated
the Japanese naval activity in Turtle
Bay, Lower California, and found no
indications other than salvage work
on the stranded cruiser Asama.
The commander's report was sent by
wireless to Admiral Howard, command
ing the Pacific fleet, who telegraphed
it to Secretary Daniels, as follows:
"The Asama still aground in San
Bartolome Bay. Only other vessels pres
ent one repair ship and two colliers.
No indications of- other than salving
Special Report Called For.
Secretary Daniels had called on Ad
miral Howard for a special report in
view of press dispatches telling of the
assembling of a squadron of foreign
warships in Turtle Bay, of a large
camp established by the Japanese
ashore and of mines laid in the harbor.
The Asama has been aground in the
secluded Mexican haven since Decem
ber and the reports indicated that the
presence of other ships aiding in get
ting her afloat was being made the ex
cuse for the establishment of a perma
nent base of operations.
. Report Already Denied.
The Japanese embassy issued a state
ment declaring the operations were
solely for salvage purposes and deny
ing that there was any intention of es
tablishing a naval base, and later Gen
eral Esteban Cantu, Military Governor
of Lower California, telegraphed the
Villa authorities that the Japanese ac
tivities were limited to salving the
Admiral Howard sent orders by wire
less . yesterday to the New Orleans,
which had left San Diego for Mazatlan,
Hex., directing Commander Irwin to
stop at Turtle Bay, exchange the usual
visits of courtesy and report on what
was going on there.
All Stores Closed Sunday.
TILLAMOOK. Or., 'April 18. (Spe
cial.) Notwithstanding that Judge
Morrow decided the Sunday closing law
unconstitutional, District Attorney T.
H. Goyne closed all stores in the city
: - i
YOU RE HAUNG
PI$ llll AWARD TJNJE
A. X RAISING THAT
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTER DAT S Maximum temperature. 7
degrees: minimum, 47 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northerly winds.
Ear Grey urges model public houses, rather
than prohibition, as solution of drink
problem In Britain. Page 2.
German Ambassador to Turkey says United
States injures itself by not observing- true
spirit of neutrality. Page 2.
Russians treat people of Galicia -with con
sideration. Page 2.
Russia says task in Carpathians Is complete
with capture of principal chain. Page 1.
British airmen and French warships bombard
Turks In Sues Canal region. Page 1.
British battleship Majestic hit by fire' of
- forts at Dardanelles. Fags 3.
Bernhardl says victorious Germany would
benefit America. Page 1.
American cruiser finds Japanese are mak
ing no effort to establish base at Turtle
Bay. Page 1.
Twenty-two Illinois towns to vote on pro
hibition Tuesday. Page 3.
Constance Dreacel, American nurse on way
to The Hague, says women should domi
nate peace movement. Page 3.
Pacific Coast League results: Venice 11,
Portland 2; Salt Lake 4-2. Oakland 3-1
morning game l'J innings); tjan Fran
cisco 3-5. Loa Angeles 2-G. Page 10.
Eugene golfers give Portland Club team
- sound drubbing. Page 11.
Long throw by Ty Cobb saves game for
Detroit. Page 11.
Record Sunday crowd gathers at Oregon
City falls to fish, page 10.
Citv League scores: West Side 11, Piedmont
1. East Side 6. Sellwood 5. Page 11.
Pacific ' Northwest.
Forgers get $ 700 from Marsh field and North
Bend merchants. Page S.
Problem of employing convicts in Oregon
made difficult by statute, Frank Davey
points out. Page 5.
Portland and Vicinity.
Peace Sunday observed in Portland. Page 14.
Cement plant at Oswego may be completed
and put Into operation. Page 9.
Plan for selection of Rose Festival Queen
suggested. Page 9.
Canadian soprano and Orpheum male chorus
charm in Heilig concert. Page 14.
Orpheum has varied and pleasing bill. Page
IS'ew film thrills are keen. Page 7.
Fire in wholesale district at Fourth and
Ankeny does $250,000 damage. Page 1.
Steamer reaches Portland after capture by
Japanese. Page 11.
LIVE BIRD IS HAT TRIMMING
Canary in Lace Cage Heralds Girl's
Appearance on Fifth Avenue.
NEW YORK, April 18. (Special.)
This is the tale of a bird in a cage on
the hat of a girl in Fifth avenue.
The girl appeared at Forty-second
street about noon today. Caged in a
cone of gauze on top of a wide-brimmed
affair of lace and net, 'the canary
hopped and chirped. He seemed to
enjoy the ride, but the crowd was too
much for the wearer.
She was so confused that she took
A press agent of a Broadway show
asserted that he was rponsor for
everything but the taxi bill. He said
the girl was Bessie Ryan and had a
photograph taken of bird and cage
and hat and girl ensemble, to prove it.
MILITIA SHOOTS ON RANGE
National Guardsmen Hold .Target
Practice at Clackamas.
With more than 100 men on the fir
ing line the Second Battalion of the
Oregon National Guard, under the com
mand of Major Smith, began record tar
get practice at the Clackamas range
yesterday. Some good shooting was
reported and many men qualified. The
previous days at the range had been
spent by the battalion in practice shoot
ing. The members of Battery A of the
Field Artillery were also at the range
practicing mounted field drill. Colonel
C. McLaughlin was among the officers
at the range.
HONORABLE INTENTIONS ARE ALL
70,000 REPORTED PRISONERS
Principal Chain of Mountains
Is Controlled by Czar.
LOSSES ARE STUPENDOUS
Desperate Resistance of Defenders
Is Broken in lfuce of Most Try
ing Difficulties and Position
Secured, Says Petrojrrad.
PETROGRAD, via London, April 18.
Tbe following official communication
concerning the progress of the cam
paign was issued from general head
"At the beginning of March, in the
principal chain of the Carpathians, we
held only the region of the Dukla
passes, where our lines formed an ex
terior angle. All other passes of
Lupkow and further east were in the
hands of the enemy.
"In view of this situation our armies
were assigned the further task of de
veloping, before the season of bad roads
due to melting snows began, our posi
tion in the Carpathians which domi
nated the outlets into the Hungarian
Difficult Terrain Covered.
"About the period indicated, the great
Austrian forces which had been con
centrated for the purpose of relieving
Przemysl were in a position between
Lupkow and Uzsok Pass. It was for
this sector that our grand attack was
planned. Our troops had to carry out
a frontal attack under difficult condi
tions of terrain.
"To facilitate their attack, therefore,
an auxiliary attack was decided upon
on a front in the direction of Bartfeld.
as far as Lupkow. v
Secondary Attack Is Sueceno.
"This secondary attack was opened
March 19 and was completely developed.
On March 23 and 28 our troops had
already begun their principal attack in
the direction of Baligrod, enveloping the
enemy positions from west of Lupkow
Pass, and on the east, near the source
of the San.
"The enemy made a most desperate
resistance to our offensive.
"They had brought up every avail
able man on the front from the direc
tion of Bartfeld as far as Uzsok Pass,
including even German troops and num
bers of cavalrymen fighting on foot.
The enemy's effectives on this front ex
ceeded 400 battalions. (An Austrian or
German battalion numbers 1000 men.)
Moreover, our troops had to overcome
great natural difficulties at every step.
Task Completed in 18 Days.
"Nevertheless, by April 6, that is, IS
Concluded on Page )
Sunday's War Moves
British, as an offset to their
.a success In destroying a Turkish
..rpedo-boat which attacked the trans
ccess in destroying a Turkish
port Manltou off Chios yesterday, lost
the submarine E-15, which, while car
rying out a difficult reconnaissance in
the Dardanelles mine field, ran aground
on Keppes Point, the crew being made
prisoners. According to the Turkish
report, seven of the crew are missing.
British airmen In Egypt have been
dropping . bombs on the Turkish en
campment near the border, while a
French cruiser, the fire of which was
directed by a seaplane, has been throw
ing shells on the Turks near El Arish,
where the army for the invasion of
Egypt has its headquarters.
These operations were undertaken
presumably to harass the Turks, as the
Turks have not shown any intention of
attacking the British since their last
repulse along the canal.
In the Carpathians there has been
fighting, but no battle to be compared
with those which the arrival of Spring
brought to a close. The Austrians of
ficially report that they have repulsed
Russian .attacks to the southeast of
Lupkow Pass. Inflicting heavy losses
on their adversaries, but elsewhere
comparative calm prevails.
The French have again been active
in the Vosges, capturing an important
height near MetzeraL The British, too,
have attacked the Germans in the
neighborhood of Tpres, where fighting
still was In progress when the last
report was dispatched.
It is again said that the German ef
forts to bring about an accord between
Austria and Italy have failed, a re
port, which, if confirmed, is likely to
magnify in the eyes of the Italians the
frontier Incident of Saturday. Accord
ing to the latest reports, the Austrians,
who were passing over Italian terri
tory, actually fired on the Italian
troops, who repulsed them, and in re
turn penetrated into Austrian terri
tory. The sinking of the Greek steamer
Ellispontos by a submarine off the
Dutch coast is believed likely to bring
about soine friction between the Greek
and German governments. The Ellis
pontos was destroyed while on a voy
age from Tmuiden, Holland, to Monte
video, in ballast.
LOST GREEK'S CREW LANDS
Wounded Captain Says Submarine
Gave Xo Warning of Attack.
LONDON. Aril 18. The crew of the
Greek steamer Ellispontos, torpedoed
yesterday by a- submarine five miles
west of the North Hinder lightship,
has arrived at Flushing, according to
a dispatch to Reuters Telegram Com
pany. The captain, who was badly wound
ed and taken to a hospital, said his
steamer was torpedoed without warn
ing. The crew got away safely in
boats, however, and rowed to the light
ship. It is reported from North Hinder
that German aviators yesterday tried
to drop bombs on two British ships
and fired on them but without result.
ACTION AT SEA IS DENIED
Xo Naval Kngagcment Has Occurred
for Month, Says Churcliill.
LONDON. April 19. Winston Spencer
Churchill. First Lord of the Admiralty
has Issued the following denial of re
"There has been no naval action of
any kind in the North Sea during the
past month, nor any action of any kind
in the Dardanelles, other than local
bombardments and reconnoissances by
"Since March IS only two or three
men have been hit in the Dardanelles
and there has' been no loss or injury to
French or British ships."
GERMANY WILLING TO PAY
Damages and Apolo&y Promised
Holland if Teuton Sank. Kalwjk.
BERLIN", April 18. by wireless to
Sayville. Among the items given out
for publication, today by the Overseas
News Agency was the following:
"An official investigation of the tor
pedoing of the Dutch steamer Katwyk,
near the North Hinder lightship in
the North Sea on April 14, still is pend
ing. If it is shown that the vessel was
sunk by a German boat, Germany will
be ready at once to pay damages and
apologize according to the provisions
of international law. No tension be
tween Holland and Germany Is feared."
AUSTRIANS DEMAND BREAD
Demonstrations in Interior Against
War Hcrjorled on Increase.
VERONA, via Taris, April 18. Travel,
ers from the interior of Austria bring
reports of increasing unrest resulting
from the Insufficiency of the bread al
lowance which, although it has been In
creased, still is considered inadequate.
Demonstrations against the war are
said to be increasing in number and
violence, especially in Vienna and at
points in Bohemia, where mobs are re
ported to have sacked storehouses in
which were stocks of provisions for the
TRIESTE IS WITHOUT FLOUR
Bakers in Austrian City Will Have
Xo Work to Do Today. '.
ROME. April IS. (Special.) An un
censored dispatch from Trieste says
the supply of flour has been exhausted.
There will be no work for the bakers
tomorrow and the city will be without
The prices for rice paste are prohibitive.
FEAR FOR AMERICA
German General Fore
casts Var's Effect.
WORLD EMPIRE IS NOT HOPE
Victory for Kaiser Would Ben
efit United States, He Says.
BRITAIN REGARDED MENACE
Growth of Xavy Thought Cause of
English Jealousy General De
clares His Hooka Have Ilecit
Distorted in Translation.
BY KARL. II, VON' WIEGAXD.
(Special Htarf correipondcnt of the TVorlil.
Copyright, ly the Pres l'ubllehlng
Company (The New York World). Pub
lished by arranKmctit.)
SGIIAVKXIIAGU, Poser. March 1. via
London, April 12. (Delaved In trans
mission from Germany.) Here are
some of the things General Krledrhh.
von Bernhardl, whose books have been
used to make out a case against Ger
many In this war, -:
told me today In
the first interview
granted any Jour
nalist since the
war began v
benefit America In
stead of endanger
That he has
never been an ad
vocate of war for
That he Is not a
Krl II. Von
militarist, but has merely dwelt upon
the historical fact that the day of wars
has not yet passed and ha pointed out
that wars have not been w ithout then
good points in the evolution of the
world and the development of civiliza
tion. World i:iniire mt .Mm.
That Germany does not and never
has ireamed of world empire or world
That his writings have been mlsin
terpreted and iti some instances wil
General von Bernhardt has written
some urticles with his own pen In hm
own defense for American imperii, but
until today ban consistently declined to
talk to lie WFpapcrnien.
Danger to Anrrlra froulrd.
"Nothing could be more absurd than
the statement that our victory will be
a future danger to the United Slklcs
In South America." General von Born
hardi declared to me. Quite the con
trary. Jf America has reason to fear u
clash with any European power, that
power Is Kn gland. Its murine mili
tarism and .the absolute dominion or
the seas which England claims for
herself, wherewith you will have t
reckon In lime; that's your danger if
England comes out the stronger.
"Victorious Germany would counter
balance and to some extent paralyze
England, uhh-h could only bu in th
interest of America. There's, hardly
even a bare possibility that Germany
and America could ever bu involve!.
You have only to loolc back into your
history and to watch the trend of
events in this war so far to become
convinced that the possibility does ex
ist of the Interests of America and
England, which touch ou countless
more points than America and Ger
American nr (.ronth Feared.
"Quite aside from the possibility of
clashing coinmercialinterests.it lsniott
doubtful if England, jealously claim
ing, as she does, the absolute dominion
of the water, will look with particu
lar pleasure at the growth of the great
American Navy; and it Is most proba
ble that America will both want and
have a big Navy in the future.
I emphatically deny absolutely that
Germany has or does entertain any
idea of world conquest or world em
pire, as so often represented. That 1
a falso representation and a distor
tion, so far as my writings are con
cerned. Jf you will read my books In
the original German you will lind I
don't speak of world conquest, world
power or world dominion, but of Ger
many as a world power alongsldu.
equal states other world powers en
titled to the same consideration. 'Con
quest,' empire" and 'dominion appear
only In English editions, for whose
translations I am not responsible, but
which have been used to create an
erroneous, false, unjust impression in
America and elsewhere.
South America Hold Imposnlblr.
"That victorious Germany would
seek expansion or political advan
tages in South America is, from the.
purely military standpoint, so absurd
that I am surprised any thinking per
son could consider it seriously. It
would be such an utter military Impos
sibility for us to maintain ourselves
there; would bring all South America,
not to mention England and France,
against us, and for what purpose?
Vhat possible chance would We have'.'
"A legitimate commercial rivalry
with the United States, yen. That ex
isted In South America before tiie war
and will return again after tlio war;
but any political purposes or hope of
political advantages on our part? Out
of the question."
Only 65 years old and looking
younger: tall, erect, with tbe nnmlr-
iCur.cluUeil on ra.o u.)