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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 1, 1915)
VOL. LY. XO. 16,9.38.
PORTLAJVD, OREGON, THURSDAY, APRIL 1, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
AUSTRIA MAY PROVE
KEY TO WAR'S END
BLACK SEA PORTS
ALSO REPORTED SU1VK.
"STARVING OUT" IMPROBABLE
Irwin Thinks Neither Side Can
Break Other's Lines.
GENIUS MAY CHANGE ALL
Unexpected Possibilities Include
Side-Door Attack by Way of Hol
land or Denmark, but This
Is Remote Possibility.
BT WILL, trwtn.
fCe-pyrlg-bt. mis, by the New York Trib
une. Published by arrangement with the
LONDON, March 11. Testerday I
passed a paling of Kensington Gardens
with an Englishman. Spring breaks
early here; the first crocuses were just
pusning inruugn & .
turf which has re
mained bright and
green all Winter.
"Spring Is here,"
"Yes," ha replied.
"It Id. and I hate to
think of it! I sup
pose," he added,
'that the Spring was
' never before un
welcome in this
For we all know
over here or at
least auch of us as
dare open our imaginations that we
are approaching a series of dreadful
months. Before the wheat is ripe a
million line, tall fellows will be under
ground; before the wheat is garnered
the material accumulations of centuries
will be dust and ashes.
Ghastly Preparation Made.
There is a certain ghastliness, as of
an execution, in the deliberate manner
with which all England and. of course.
all France and Germany as well has
begun to make preparations for suc
coring the wreckage of war. I over
heard last week the details and figures
of certain hospital preparations. It
would not be fair to quote those fig
ures here; it is enough to say that Eng
land, in the next few months, expects
to handle the wounded by hundreds of
For no one doubts that a supreme'
effort on both sides of the western front
is coming as soon as weather permits.
Improve war as we may, we cannot
beat the elements; no general in his
senses tries to do that. There is no
use of inaugurating a general attack
when bad roads will prevent you from
following up a victory. How soon or
how late this terrible Spring attack
begins will depend upon the sort of
Spring e have.
Germany May Strike First,
People seem to take it for granted
here that the great Spring drive will
be Initiated by the allies; they take it
for granted, too, that the movement
will be a frontal attack on Belgium.
Both these expectations are doubtful.
Tost, the famous football coach, and
the German War Office seem to hold the
same view of a defensive campaign-
that attack is the best defense. New
bodies of troops have been moving into
Belgium for a fortnight; the damaged
Belgian roads have been brought to
their llnal ruin by heavy transports of
nev guns and ammunition.
Any day, in fact, Germany may antici
pate the strategists of the allies by an
attack designed not so much to break
through as to convince the allies that
further advance is hopeless.
Holocaust to Follow llolocatmt.
This month of March. 1914. may be
our last breathing space until Autumn.
During the rest of this Spring and Sum
mer event will be following on event
holocaust on holocaust, so fast that
we shall all be too mad for consecu
tive thought. After all, London is not
a bad place from which to view the
course of events in Europe. In fact,
only the Vatican, which is in this war
but not of it, is the place in Europe
which gives & better vantage ground
for a general view.
London is still the focus of the
world's travel. Neutrals, and especially
Americans, are continually passing in
am) out, to and from the allied coun
tries and the enemy countries. From
them one gets the facts -and gossip
which correct the carefully-censored
and often mendacious "news" given out
by official bureaus.
Aviators Drop Bombs, Despite Vig
orous Fusillade by Turks Li
bit u Bombarded by Germans.
PETROGRAD. via London. March 81.
The War Office tonight issued the
"Our Black Sea fleet has bombarded
Zunguldak. Koslu. Killmll and Eregll
(ports In Asia Minor, about 150 miles
east of Constantinople). The bombard
ment caused a series of heavy explo
sions and a -number of fires.
"We also sunk a steamer and many
colliers. In spite of a sharp fusillade,
our aviators dropped bombs from aero
LONDON. Maroh SL The Llbau cor
respondent of Reuter'a Telegram Com
pany sends a message saying that as
a result of two bombardments of Llbau
by the German fleet, three persons
have been killed and seven wounded
and lo houses have been damaged, lei
egraph wires also have been wrecked
and the steamer Baltica, in port, sus
A ReUter's dispatch received from
Constantinople by way of Berlin says
the allied fleet has resumed its bom
bardment of villages near the outer
forts of the Dardanelles. Turkish
aviators are making daily ' .fconnais
",;v?.iiA muni miT
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
FOREIGNERS ARE IN DOUBT
LOST JEWELS RETURNED
Child Kinds Stolen Valuables and
Advertises in The Oregonian.
Alfred Rider, g years old, succeeded
yesterday in restoring to the owner a
jewel case containing two necklaces
and two gold chains which were stolen
from the home of Mrs. Catherine Fried
man. 369 Twelfth street, on March 20.
Young Rider, who lives at 455 Hall
street, found the Jewels while playing
near the Portland. Academy.
Alfred carried the Jewels to his
father. For several days they waited
to see if the lost property would be ad
vertised. Then Alfred asked the au
thorities at the Portland Academy if
the necklaces had been lost by a girl
student. This theory failed. Mr. Rider
inserted an advertisement for the
owner in The Oregonian last Tuesday
night. Yesterday the jewels were
claimed by Mrs. Friedman.
Mrs. Friedman says that her home
was robbed of a gold watch and a mesh
bag at the same time she lost the neck
laces.. The watch and bag were found
near her home soon after the burglary,.
LATE CAPTIVESARE 40,000
Austria Reports Number of Russians
Taken in One Month.
VIENNA, via London, March 31. An
official communication given out by
the War Office tonight says:
"Since March 1 we have captured al
together 183 officers and 39,943 men
and six machine guns."
PETROGRAD. via London. March 31
An official note Issued tonight says:
"During the period from the 20th to
the 29th of March the Russians in the
Carpathians, in a sector occupied by
three army corps, took as prisoners 202
officers. 8 surgeons and 16,207 of the
rank and file and captured 62 machine
guns and 10 guns."
MINE WAGE IS INCREASED
Michigan Properties Are Renewing
Operations Stopped by War.
CHICAGO, March 31. A Houghton.
Mich., dispatch to the Gold and Stock
Ticker says that the Copper Range
mines announced today they would in
crease wages 10 per cent, beginning to
morrow. The advance restores the
scale to the standard which was reduced
on the outbreak of tHe European war.
CALUMET, Mich., March 31. It was
announced here today that the Tama
rack mine, which was closed during the
strike of 1913, will open Thursday,
April 1. employing 500 men. All mines
are increasing their output and adding
to their forces.
Only Part of Note Is Sent to
CRISIS IS BELIEVED NEAR
Fek in's Refusal to Consent to Ex
tra -Territorial Rights for Japuu
ese Immigrants May Cause
Break in Conference.
PEKIX, Thursday, February 25.
(Correspondence of the Associated
Press.) Since the negotiations between
Japan and China concerning the Japa
nese demands on the republic have been
going on in Fek in, reference has been
made to two seta of Japanese demands.
One consists of 21 clauses and was
presented to China as a basis of nego
tiations; the other consists of 12
clauses, and was given by the Japanese
Minister in Pekln to the Russian,
French, British and American Ministers
n the Chinese capital.
"Friendly Relations' Desired.
The text of the demands handed to
the Chinese government follows:
Group 1 The Japanese government
and the Chinese government, being de
sirous of maintaining the peace of
Eastern Asia and of further strength
ening the friendly relations existing
between the two neighboring nations.
agree to :the following articles:
Article 1. The Chinese government
agrees that when the Japanese gov
ernment hereafter approaches the Ger.
man government for the transfer of all
rights and privileges of whatsoever na
ture enjoyed by Germany in the Prov-
nce of Shan-Tung, whether secured by
treaty or in. an3T other manner, China
will give her full assent thereto.
Shan-Turn? Opened to Trade-
Article 2. The Chinese government
agrees that within the Province of
Shan-Tung and along its sea border no
territory or island or land of any name
or nature shall be ceded or leased to
any third power.
Article 2. The Chinese government
consents to Japan's building a railway
from Chi-Fu or Lung-How to Join the
Article 4. The Chinese government
agrees that for the sake of trade and
for the residence of foreigners, certain
important places shall be speedily
opened in the province of Shantung as
treaty portB, such necessary places to
be jointly decided upon by the two gov
ernments by separate agreement. '
Group 2 The Japanese government
and the Chinese government, since the
JESTERDAT'S Maximum temperature, 5
degree; minimum. 45:3 degrees.
TODAY'S Showers; southerly winds.
Prlnx Kite! Friedrich takes on coat as If for
voyage.- Page 1.
Crushing defeats of Germans in Poland and
Austrian In Hungary are . rumored.
Germany accepts Britain's "war o the
hilt." Page 1.
German submarine sinks British steamer
with shell fire. Page 2.
William Rothscnild, head of British branch
of famous banking firm, o. es. Page 2.
Japan's version of demands o. China, fur
nished to foreign governments, not sami
as received by Pekin. Page i 1.
Treasury looted of $8,000,000 by Carranza,
charge foes. Page 5.
Statistical! testifies many railroads are earn.
ing In excess of 7 per cent. Page 5.
Hlcdo scholar startles New York with theory
on reincarnation. Page 3.
Pacific Coast League results : Los Angeles
Portland 1; San Francisco 5, Oakland
; Salt Lake 0, Venice 8. Page 10.
Chicago Giants defeat University of Oregon,
9 to 5. Page H.
City League All-Stars to play Chicago Giant
too ay. page lo.
WHlard Is confident he will defeat Jack
Johnson. Page 11.-
Trlck is turned on rival managers to com
plete Giants' twirling staff. Page 13.
Secretary Daniels tells Governor - part of
fleet will come and says he hopes to be
with It. Page IX
Representative Haw;ey returns from Wash-
ington. Page 12. J
Commercial and Marine. (
Portland wheat exports for March 419,003
bushels ahead of last year. Page lo.
E. W. Wright becomes manager of Port of
Portland. Page 16.
Half million pounds of Yakima wool bought
by Eastern mill. Page 17.
Export demand slack and wheat declines
at Chicago. Page 1".
Largest day's trade In stock market since
war began. Page 1 1.
Portland and Vicinity.
Trade statistics indicate increasing activity
in commercial affairs. Page 0.
Mr. La Roche, doubting legality of wage law.
aavises repeal or portion. Page 38.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 13.
Movie heaters change films. Page 7.
Public Improvements In Portland for 1915
to cost $0,000,000. Page 9.
Seattle streetcars running again as usual.
EITEL TAKES GOAL
AS IF FOR VOYAGE
Wednesdays War Moves
German Is Mysterious
to Last Moment.
BAND CHEERS SAILORS' TASK
Fuel Allowed on Basis of Near
est Home Port, Bremen. 1
FUTURE COURSE UNKNOWN
Request for Pilot Rumored, but Be
lief Is Expressed lu Some Quar
ters That Skipper Finally
Will Intern Vessel.
(Concluded on Page 2.)
WRITERS MAY. HAVE HOME
Former Publisher Donates Site for
NEW. YORK, March 31. John Bris-
ben Walker, formerly a magazine pub
Usher here, now retired to a Colorado
estate, announced through the Editor
and Publisher today an offer to give
a site of 4Q acres at Mount Morrison,
Colo., to establish a home' for news
papermen. Mr. Walker scid that he
had reached the decision to offer the
grift after conferences with New York
In his announcement Mr. Walker de
clared that, "although no profession
makes more serious demands upon the
health of its members than that of
journalism, no attempt has been made
up to this time to establish a country
home where those who have given their
best efforts to the press may find a
retreat In the event of a temporary or
permanent breakdown." y
Bridge Commission to Meet.
Kufus Holman, chairman of the In
terstate Bridge Commission, has called
a meeting of the Commission to be held
In Vancouver at 2:30 tomorrow. E. E.
Howard has prepared estimates for the
Derby street approach to the proposed
bridge and If these are approved the
Commission will advertise for bids for
NEWPORT NEWS, Va., March 31
Under supervision of the United States
Navy, the German converted cruiser
Prinz Eitel friedrich tonight was fill
ing her bunkers with coal, 1600 tons
of coal having Leen delivered along
side late in the day.
As the first sacks of coal were
hoisted from the barges the ship's band
struck up a German national air and
at frequent Intervals until a late hour
the sailors labored to the accompani
ment of patriotic music It was esti
mated that the coal would be in the
vessel's bunkers before morning.
Intentions Still Mystery.
Despite the coaling operations, the
future course of Commander Thierich
ens remains a mystery. The coal he
was permitted to take aboard was
measured by American naval officers
on the basis that it would be sufficient
to take the Eitel to the nearest Gen
man port. Bremen was the port which
figured in the official n.-rVal apportion
Request for Pilot Rumored.
One report that received some cre
dence tonight was that the German
Captain had asked for a pilot.' An
other rumor was that he wished to
have his ship piloted to the Norfolk
Navy-yard to be interned. Why he
should desire so much fuel if he in
tended 'to intern, was explained in one
source on the ground that he wanted
to make it appear up to the very last
minute that he Intended to sail in or
der to hold the allies' warships off the
capes. That the Eitel will not leave
her dock tonight is generally con
MARINES GUARDING VESSEL
X and another, the number of which
has not been ascertained, which have
been operating off the west coast of
England during the past few days,
have added, two more British steamers,
the Flaminian and Crown of Castile, to
their list of victims, totalling five since
There was no loss of life on the
Flaminian and Crown of Castile, the
crews of each having barely time to
get into their boats. In the case of the
latter vessel, however, the submarine
fired before the crews left the steamer
and shells passed along the bridge, on
which the captain and an apprentice
The Crown of- Castile was sunk by
shell fire, but this did not prove suf
ficient to send the Flaminian to the
bottom and a torpedo had to be used.
As an offset to this, a French de
stroyer rammed, and It is believed
sank, a German submarine off Dieppe.
BAN ON ALL LIQUOR
King Says He Is Will,
ing to Set Example.
MUNITIONS DELAYED BY DRINK
Lloyd-George and Kitchener
Favor Drastic Action.
Washinston Acts on Request of
WASHINGTON, March 31. While the
German commerce raider Prinz Eitel
Friedrich loaded coal at Newport News
and reports persisted that she was pre.
paring for a dash to sea, where British
arfd French warships are waiting, offi
cials of the Washington Government
tonight awaited the expiration of tne
(Concluded on Page 3.)
THE GREATEST GAME ON EARTH VS. THE GREATEST WAR.
As the destroyers have been unable
to round up the submarines operating I
on the British coast, ship owners have
petitioned the government to be al
lowed to arm their ships. This has not
been permitted heretofore, as steamers
could then be considered ships of war
and be sunk without notice. The
heavy loss of life In the sinking of
the FaIaba and Aguita has aroused a
storm of indignation throughout Great
Britain and the demand is made that
the crews of submarines be treated
as pirates. If captured.
The question and that relating to
drink which is alleged to have caused
delay In the delivery of British muni
tions of war, absorb public Interest. The
King, through his secretary, has sent a
letter to the Chancellor of the Ex
chequer, emphasizing the necessity of
taking some action to stop excessive
drinking, and has offered, if it is con
sidered advisable, personally to give up
the use of alcoholic liquor and prohibit
the use of it in the royal household.
The government has not yet reached
In order to prevent further delay In
the Liverpool docks, caused by the men
refusing to work week ends. It has been
decided to incorporate the dockers In
the army voluntarily, in which case they
will receive both army and their regu
ALL CLASSES CONCERNED
Success in War Held to Ovcrxhadow
All Other Interests- Leaders
Declare Total Prohibition
to Be Necessary.
uo far as actual fighting is con
cerned, the official reports contain
little news. The big effort In the west,
which has been so long awaited, seems
to be still far off, and the operations
are confined to an occasional attack
and counter-attack, while the airmen
on both sides are kept busy watching
the opposing force and dropping bombs
where they might be expected to do
the most damage.
In the east the Russians are holding
the Germans in North and Central
Poland and are putting forth all their
strength to force their way through
Uzsok and Lupkow Passes, with the
result that some of the heaviest and
most continuous lighting of the war
Is in progress In the Carpathians, both
sides laying claim to successes.
The Russians, who have already
forced Dukla Pass, are slowly making
their way down the Bouthern slopes
of the Carpathians Into Hungary, and.
according to British critics, must soon
compel the Austrians and Germans de
fending the two other passes to fall
back or be threatened with interfer
ence with their communications.
Australia, which has already sent
two contingents to fight for the em
pire, has offered a third, which prob
ably will bo accepted. In all cases
the dominions have sent more men than
was originally expected.
POST CARRIES UTENSILS
Sherman County Folk Ship House
hold Goods Through Postofflce.
Western Line Likely to Hold.
Here is what your correspondent con
aiders a fair statement of present con
ditions and future prospects:
The Germans, in all human proba
bility, cannot break the allied line on
the west. The fortunes of the British
army between October 10 and Novem
ber 13 seem to show that. In the height
of the assault at Ypres (00,000 Ger
mans failed to break 120,000 British,
just arrived, imperfectly intrenched and
without reserves. Now the British are
reinforced to many times their old
strength, perfectly Intrenched and pos
sessed of enormous reserves. The
French, of course, have not Increased
their numbers like the British. But they
have dug In thoroughly, they will have
HOOD RIVER. Or.. March 31. (Spe
cial.) The largest shipment by parcel
post ever received here came this
week, when S. W. Stanton and family,
removing from Sherman County to the
West Side, mailed a portion of their
Trunks, washboilera and washboards,
kitchen utensils and parts of beds, all
wrapped separately, came through the
The parcels were delivered by rural
free delivery and formed two good
loads for the carrier.
VLADIVOSTOK MADE BUSIER
British Captain Says Increased Life
In Port Is Doe to War.
SEATTL-3, Wash, March 31. Cap
tain Howe, of the British steamer
Lowther Castle, from Vladivostok,
says the war has made that port one of
the busiest in the world.
When he departed a large number ef
vessels were at Anchor and the docks
were lined with craft of various kinds
discharging supplies and munitions of
war, which were being rushed by train
to European Russia. Trains laden with
guns, ammunition and supplies were
leaving every hour, day and night, and
vessels arriving and departing continuously.
BULLETIN BOARD f Z lWL- iff U A 1 V
2 P doPrV -4P2TSUB- I , . a aAJLA
p poi?ti.ano 0 TXlAfii Wcjr!nr
CONFESSION IS ALLEGED
J. C. Dourille Said to Have Admitted
Fraud in Portland.
SALEM, Or.. March 31. (Special.)
J. C. Douville, alias Charles P. Bark
well, arrested here Tuesday on a charge
of passing worthless checks, said to
day, according to the police, that he
would plead guilty to a charge of ob
taining money under false pretenses.
It was announced that he passed
checks here drawn on the Northwest
ern National Bank of Portland aggre
gating till. The officers of the bank
said that he had no money there.
The police say that Douville con
fessed to having had cashed a worth
less check for $!o on the A. G. Spauld-
ing Company and one for tl30 on
Knepper Brothers, of Portland.
COWS SUPPLANT BABIES
Lane County Board Abolishes Con
test and Raises Dairy Prizes.
EUGENE, Or., March 31. (Special.)
Babies must give way to cows at the
1915 Lane County Frlr. The fair board
last, night abolished the eugenics de
partment of the county fair and substi
tuted additional prizes for the dairy
"Lane County is a dairy county, and
will become more so within the next
few years," said a member of the fair
board today. "The board ' aims to do
all possible to encourage the produc
tion of better cattle. We thought it
better to put this money Into stock
than into babies."
OWN LOT BOUGHT, HE SAYS
B. F. Kellogg Complains He Paid
for Tract Already Held.
OREGON CITY. Or.. March II. (Spe
cial.) Ability to sell to a man some
thing that he does not want is often
described as the highest salesmanship,
but, judging from a suit filed today In
the Circuit Court by B. F. Kellogg. E.
M. HowelL the defendant in the action,
hae gone the ancient test one better.
Kellogg alleges tbat Howell actually
sold to him property that was already
his own Hnd that he has used for
many years. Kellogg asks for 179.4,
the alleged purchase price of the property.
LONDON. March 31. King George
has added his plea to that of the ship
owners and. In some cases, that of the
laborltes themselves, that some vigor
ous measures be adopted to cope with
the question of drunkenness, whl-h. It
Is urged. Is having the effect of delay
ing the delivery of munitions of wir.
The King has volunteered. If It Is
considered advisable, personally to give
up the use of all alcoholic liquors, and
to issue an order agalnt their uve In
the reyal household. Such a notifica
tion has been sent to David Lloyd
George, the Chancellor of the Ex
chequer, by the King's private secre
tary. Lord Stamfordham.
Kins; Eiprewi lep Concern -
The letter of Lord Stamfordham fol
lows: "Dear Chancellor of the Exchequer
The King thanks you for so promptly
getting him a full report of the pro
ceedings at yesterday's meeting of the
deputation of employers. His Majesty
has read it with intense Interest, but
also with the deepest concern. He feels
that nothing but the most vigorous
measures will successfully cope with
the grave situation now existing In our
"We have beforo us the statements,
not merely of the employers, but of
the Admiralty and the War Office,
which are responsible for munlt'ons of
war and for the transport of troops
and their food and ammunition. From
this evidence It Is without doubt large
ly due to drink that we are unable to
secure the output of war material In
dispensable to meet the requirement
of the army In the field, and that there
has been such serious delay. In conse
quence of the necessary reinforcements
of supplies to aid our gallant troops at
Kins Would Set Example.
"A continuance of such a state of
things must inevitably result In the
prolongstlon of the horrors and bur
dens of this terrible war.
"I am Instructed to add that. If It be
deemed advisable, the King will be
prepared to set an example by giving
up all alcoholic liquor himself and by
Issuing orders against its consumption
in the royal households, so that ne
difference shall be made, so fur aa His
Majesty is concerned, between the
treatment of the rich and the poor In
"LORD STAMFORDHAM. '
"The King's Private Becretary."
The question of drink and Its effect
on the work, which Is considered neces
sary for the successful prosecution of
war, overshadows at the present mo
ment everything else In public Interest.
The press and the public favor some
drastic measures, a majority of the
newspapers expressing the belief t'.iat
total prohibition, which would apply
to all classes, is necessary.
Total Prohibition May Result.
The government, however, has not
reached a decision on the question, al
though if Mr. Lloyd-George and Lord
Kitchener have their way It Is believed
there will be total prohibition. To
bring this about the government must
have an act of Parliament passed.
It is pointed out that to prohibit the
sale of liquor only in the localities
where men are engaged in the manu
facture of munitions would cause a
great outcry, and that aside from total
prohibition apparently the only way of
dealing with the matter is a further
curtailment In the hours of sale. Horn
persons favor prohibiting the sale of
spirits, but allowing the sale of beer
and wine. It is understood, however,
that the leaders In this matter would
not be satisfied except with the must
Many Questions Involved.
The matter will require long con
sideration, for there are the questions
of compensation and the finding of em
ployment for thousands of men and
women who wouldi thrown out of
At a meeting of the Glasgow liquor
dealers it was decided to ask Mr. Lloyd
George to receive a deputation from
them which will suggest a drastic re-
auction in the hours of or the sale of
liquor. The same deputation will
confer with the labor leader.
Britons consume per capita twice as
much alcohol as do Americans. The rev
enue from alcohol Is 40,000.000 pound.i
(100.000,000) a year, while the war Is
costing $0,000,000 pounds (t3O0.O0O.0O0
Treasury officials figure that they
can well afford to lose the revenii"
from alcohol If stopping Its sale will
shorten the war.
People of Norwich Incensed.
NORWICH, England. March 31.
Public opinion is so strongly Incensed
over the attitude of some labor leaders
on the war that the Independent labor
party was unable to secure a suitable
hall foK a conference which hud beca
arranged for Monday and Twnkn
(Goceiuded es Fere 3.)