Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 13, 1915)
NOTED ENGLISH SUFFRAGETTE, HER EQUAL RIGHTS HUSBAND AND DELEGATION OF PORTLAND
WOMEN WHO GREETED THEM ON ARRIVAL IN PORTLAND.
BAXMYER DEATH IS
mart woiic cxsj.voj
-"Mer chan dise;cf d Merit .Only
Murder Possibility Develops at
Inquest Over Portland
, Man in Chicago.
Mr. and Mrs. Pethick Lawrence
Showered With Flowers on
Arrival in Portland.
yiEWS ON WAR ARE GIVEN
WATCH CLASP IS DAMAGED
TTTTC arORNTXO OREGONIAN, SATTJBBAT, MARCH .13, 1915.
Sfoled Hunger Striker Declares lir
ot Suffering Kails on Women
and They Are Denied Voice
in Councils of Nations.
BY LKuNE CASS BAEK.
Kr.gland's noted suffragette, and onel
f hr nmiiiHr "huiiirer strikers." Mrs-I
l'-titi.-' ijir- rpm'. accompanied by an I
equally ardent suffragette husband, al-
fO a "hunger striker." toting their real
English luirca-.-, stepped modestly, with
no fanfare of trumpets, off the Shasta I
Limited yesterday and straight into thel
crectinzs of a small group of repre
sentative clubwomen of Portland.
Mrs. A. K. Borlhwick. Mrs. I- W.
Thrkclsen. Mrs. G. I. Buland, Miss Vir
ginia Arnold and Miss Alice Fundstedt
ahouered the arriving visitors with
iapny messages and loaded their arms
with flowers. One huge bunch of hns-
lish violets brought appreciative notice
from the rosy-cheeked smiling Irs.
Tethick Lawrence. After we had been
driven to the Benson Hotel the famous
HiifTmirctte amiablv consented to post
pone tor a few moments a drive around
the "Citv Beautiful. planned dv miss
Tinth ratlin, who is hostess for thel
Pethick Lawrences during their stay
here. Miss Callin met them, and visit
ed in their home last year while she
was in England.
-Womea IVar'a Sufferers."
Mrs. Lawrence talks easily and ear
nestly. "Women, not men. are the suf
ferers of war." she says. "The lot of
the soldier who is facing death in the
trenches is Infinitely to be preferred to
that of women who are left behind to
face the complete disorganization
Mrs. Pethick Lawrence's English
home is occupied by officers, and many
of her klnfolk and close friends are i
active service. "This war is proving
more than all else that every war i
waged upon women and children," ah
says, "and now a new policy has been
announced. Great Britain and Oer
may are going to starve each other
out. The people who will starve first
are the women and children, 'ine peo
ile who will starve last will be th
men in the army and navy. It Is
final illustration of the essential truth
beginning to dawn on the world that
women, through motherhood, are al
wars, first and last, direct sufferers
from every war.
-Women are the custodians of huma
life. They have paid the price and the
disposal of human life is essentially
matter that concerns them. They shall
ay if their sons are to be slaughtered.
Men have defended their monopoly
f irorernment by assertions that wo
men have no business acumen," sh
went on. 'They have drawn absurd
Imaginary pictures of women In official
' positions, and have pictured and printed
and Blazed the muddle that tneir en
trance into the administrative life of
nations would portend. No picture.
however overdrawn of woman a igno
ranee, error or folly could exceed in
tragic horror the spectacle with which
male governments are furnishing his
tory today. The failure of male state
craft is complete. The foundations
the civilization they have erected in
KuroDe have proved rotten. The sole
influence that could have preserved
the balance! Interests has been shu
out. By their political existence women
would have reminded governments that
the life- of a people is more than ma
terial accumulation. Upon the ruins of
civilization a new world will have to
ba built and In this work it is vital
to the interests of humanity that the
mother half be called to take part
Hone Seen laj Amrrlra.
Mrs. Pethick Lawrence believes that
the United States must be the arbiter of
the present war and that it Is through
American women that peace will be
established in the world. Speaking
alone these lines she said:
"The solidarity of men is a mighty
mall thing compared to the sisterhood
of women. Back of all nations, under
neath all nations lies the lnter-natlon
of mothers. And as women begin to
become conscious of this solidarity
new and vital force for peace and
brotherhood is generated in the world.'
Mrs. Pethick Lawrence denies the ex
istence of the brotherhood of men.
"Men have many ambitions, many
aims and many vocations which conflict
with the others," she says.
"Women have only one vocation and
one achievement. That is the creation.
the preservation and the protection of
the human race. It is this one vocation
that unite women all over the world
with a union that goes far beneath any
cleavage of nationality. In this solidar
ity of motherhood is rooted the solidar
ity of the human race."
Militancy la Advocated.
Mrs. Pethick Lawrence is a militant.
i?hc told me so. But she qualified the
term as we have learned to know It.
"I am not connected with the extreme
revolutionary movement." she ex
plained. "To be militant means to be
readj- to serve, ready to fight for free
dom. Militants are hose who take up
the attitude of political protest. We
militants are in earnest. We are pre
pared to risk any injury or suffering
to ourselves, but we are not prepared
to inflict it on others. The revolu
tionary militant goes further. They
believe in inflicting the minimum in
Jury in order to win the maximum
good. I am surely in sympathy with
them. too. 1 think it is wonderful that
they have terrorized a nation, had mil
lions of dollars' worth of advertising
of their wrongs on the front pages of
newspapers all over the world, and all
of It without Injury of life or limb
for one person."
Mrs. Lawrence has been in the Kng
lish jiils live times for her activities
on behalf of woman's right. The first
time was in 19 for taking part in a
protest Inside anu outside the House of
Commons: the second time for leading
a deputation against the House of Com
mons to protest against the exclusion
of the votes for woman in the King's
apeech, and again In 1911 for heading a
deputation against Westminster when
JLloyd-Georso "torpedoed" the concilia
tion bill. In 1S12 she was sentenced
for conspiracy, kept in prison three
weeks, being refused bail, and again
later in the same year she and Mr.
Lawrence were sentenced to nine
months, being released on pressure
brought to bear from people all over
Mr. and Mrs. IVthick Lawrence have
been married U years. On their mar
riage. Mr. Lawrence took also the fam
ily name of his bride Pethick and
ainee- then has been known as Mr.
rethlck lAwrence. He will address the
Civic League today on "War and Peace"
and Mrs. Tethick Lawrence will speak
tomorrow night on "Peace and Wom
an's Movement." under the auspices of
the Congressional Union for Woman's
SuXXraca, u , . I
Lett. , .v) v 1 fen
, w - ' A.
I IIUIIUII UUIIUU UULUI lit Vs "Sf''-'--.! II
' ... v fCV. i I
I n-,.: Tuicoinn.i I If . I I
000 Francs Are Subscribed. L; . . . ' ;
II. y. .. i . . 8r ' .smfaneXl-,xJ S ;,j'i"as.:sssfl I
AMERICAN CASH RECEIVED Z -
II I - -if!! !.
i'ifcrt)ri..r... . . Miii'oi'iS
Bourse Kxcludes Transactions In Sc- I I tXj.ff fey Ja&'ty
rt rnnKpm rrpvini iiv iirain I r : a j .v
on Nation's Sloney. I I VT'iti' s'li;
i i e . 9 - tit a x srf .
PARIS, March 12. Deputy Albert
Metin. reporting for the tfudget com
mittee in the Chamber of Deputies to
day on the bill authorizing the gov
ernment to raise the issue of national
defense bonds to 4.500.UO0.00O francs,
announced that the subscriptions in
France to these bonds already had
reached 3.003,000,000 francs.
This amount, added to the foreign
subscriptions. Deputy Metin said, made
a total of 3.684.000,000 francs, of which
sum 51.800,000 francs had been placed
in the United States.
Bourse Bara Allen Securities.
The French Minister of Finance,
Alexander Ribot. said today that the
governing body of the Bourse had de
cided to exclude provisionally from
transactions in that market all securi
ties owned by foreigners. Explaining
the significance of this move, Mr. Ribot
"You have asked if this was not
adverse to the interests of Americans.
The purpose of the regulation is to
prevent the sale in France of German
or Austrian-owned securities, with the
object either of drawing cash from this
country or of depressing and manipu
lating ' the market. Our friends, the
Americans, will not be affected by this
agreement because, with the excep
tion of a few American stocks, securi
ties listed on the French Bourse are
not held In America.
Defense Boada Not Listed.
'Xational defense bonds, some of
which have been taken in the United
States, are not listed on the Bourse-.
Thev are reallv bills, discountable at
the Bank of France."
Concerning the financial resources of
the French people. M. Ribot said:
The private stores of cash or ine
farmer, small tradesman and working
man have scarcely been touched for
government needs. Subscriptions for
short-term bonds from these accumu
lations are flowing in steadily and
seemingly jnexnaustioiy, aimosi wiui-
out effort and simply in response to
the invitation extended by public no
tice. Cash from every commune m
France is being placed at the disposi
tion of the government."
M. Ribot added that there wa gen
uine appreciation in France of "Amer
ican good will and sympathy."
- x -
Tol Rroot Raw. Mr. aad Mr.
yirn. A. K. Bortbwlck, Mra. I.
Alice F"nntedt and Mra. U.
I'cthle It Lawrence; Back Row, Left to Right,
. W. Therkelnen, Mtaa Vlrarlnia Arnold, Mlaa
I.. Bo land. Eclon Hr. Pethick Lawrence.
MEXICANS SLAY AMERICAN
(Continued From First Paire.
City and Vera Cruz be kept open for
transportaion of foreigners, regaraiess
of what authorities are in control at
The murder of McManus overshad
owed all other diplomatic phases of
he Mexican situation. Messages trans
mitted by the Brazilian Minister from
he wife of the dead man were sent to
wo relatives, biiza jiciianus, ur.icago.
and Charles B. vood. Uenver, Colo.
Secretary Bryan made no comment on
the affair beyond revealing what steps
had been taken by the United States
Government. The Brazilian Minister
has instructions to see that punishment
inflicted on the offenders without
delay. It vaa believed the American
Government would not go beyond this
nd tho arrangement for an indemnity
to be paid the family for the present.
Kvacuation Solves Problems.
Evacuation by the Obregon troops
solves many of the problems which had
threatened to force a crisis in the relar
tions between the Carranza government
nd the United States. The rood and
water supply now can De replenished
nd the Imprisoned merchants released.
What disposition has. been made of the
priests imprisoned by Obregon Is not
known, but it is believed that they now
will be released.
The Villa agency gave out the follow-
The confidential agency or the con
vention government of Mexico has no
nformation whatever regarding the re
ported killing of the American citizen.
John B. McManus. The agency wishes
to state, however, that duo punishment
nd reparation will be made If the
American in question has been mibject
ed to death by soldiers under Ocneral
Britain Declares More Articles
to Be Contraband.
WASHINGTON IS SURPRISED
Cottonseed Products, Oik-c Declared
to Be Free From Danger or Seiz
ure, Are Placed In Condi
tional Group of Article.
attitude has been brought about be
cause of the fact that cottonseed oil and
its derivatives are Important food prod
ucts. Because little wool is normally ex
ported from the United States to Ger
many the addition of that staple to the
list will make practically no differences,
particularly If the action results in
facilitating the release to American
mills of large quantities of Australian
wool which have been held up by em
Why such articles as aniline, para-
pherine wax, iodine and the like should
h,e declared contraband is not under
stood by officials of the United States'.
While formal comment Is withheld
pending receipt of official notice of the
British action, it is expected that stron
protests will follow the seizure of such
articles as those mentioned.
Camera Carried to Train Platform
Where Body Was Found Is Miss
ing Mucli Money Usually Car
ried by Victim, Says Nephew.
CHICAGO. March 12. (Special.)-.
Unusual circumstances surrounding the
finding of the body of Christian F.
Baxmyer, 63 years old. of Portland, Or.,
who was shot to death aboard a Pull
man coach of the Chicago, Burlington
& Quincy Railroad train, No. 60, yester
day, developed at the inquest today.
Possibility of murder and robbery
caused the inquiry to be continued
until March 26.
These facts were disclosed:
Mr. Baxmyer's watch chain was found
dangling with the snap bent. The
ring and stem wind thumb screw were
missing from the watch. The revolver,
a collar button and a Canadian nickel
were found under his body. The body
fully clothed, was on the back plat
form of the rear coach of the train.
Much Money Usually Carried.
Deputy Coroner Hermann conducted
the inquest in Sheldon's undertaking
rooms. F. W. Ruedel, of Pittsburg, a
nephew, testified that his uncle for
merly had been wealthy, was separated
by agreement from his wife, who holds
valuable property in Pittsburg, and
that he was in the habit of carrying
large amounts of -money. A week ago
he had borrowed J150 from Ruedel's
father. Mr. Baxmyer carried accident
insurance policies of $7500, he said, in
addition to life insurance.
Mr. Baxmyer was traveling from
Portland to Pittsburg. In his clothing
s found a message dated Chicago
and addressed to the nephew at Pitts
burg and it is supposed he intended to
file it at a telegraph office on his ar
rival here. It said lie would be in
Pittsburg Saturday and Sunday.
Shot Not Heard by Crew.
V. O. Zise, a brakeman. testified he
saw Mr. Baxmyer go to the rear with
a camera, to take a picture from the
train, after it left Aurora. He had
seemed in good health and spirits all
the way, the witness said. The camera
was not found.
Neither Zise nor G. ". Younker. the
Pullman conductor, heard a shot, they
Mr. Baxmyer lived In Portland two
years, residing at the Nortonia Hotel
and at 744 Clackamas street. He was
secretary of the Storey Manufacturing
Company for a year.
M. W. Storey, president of the com
pany, said last night that Mr. Baxmyer
resigned hi3 position there several
months ago to go East on business.
During his stay with the Storey com
pany Mr. Baxmyer was reticent con
cerning his past and little is known of
his early life.
"Mr. Baxmyer worked alone in the
office," said Mr. SUirey last night. "I
don't think be had any intimate friends
here. I guess I knew as much about
his affairs as anybody, but I know
St. Johns Ilcsidcnt Drops Dead.
ST. JOHNS. Or., March 12. (Spe
cial.) Alton Struble dropped dead yes-
crday while in the grounds at his
oine on Swift boulevard from what
was pronounced by the attending phy-
ician to be heart ' disease. He had
been in his usual health. Mr. Struble
as a widower and is survived by one
aughter, Mlsa Memeta Struble, of
Moscow, Idaho, and a brother, living In
Troy. Idaho. The body was taken to
St. Johns undertaking ehapel, where
It will be held until funeral arrange
ments are completed. He was 60 years
old and had made hla home in SU
John for, even, year. i
LONDON, Harch 12. The British gov
ernment, it was announced today, has
added the following articles to, the ab
solute contraband list:
Wool, woolen and worsted yarns, wool
tops and nails, tin, chloride of tin, tin
ore. castor oil, paraffin wax, copper.
iodine, lubricants, hides and all kinds
of leather suitable for military equip
ment. ammonia and its salts, aniline
and its compounds.
Foodstuffs for animals, heretofore
on the conditional contraband list, are
broadened to include oleaginous seeds,
nuts and kernels and animal and vege
table oils and fats, other than linseed
oil. suitable for the manufacture of
margarine cakes and meals.
This apparently makes cottonseed and
all cottonseed oil products conditional
The announcement that wool has
been made contraband probably will re
sult in an alteration of the arrange
ment whereby wool was consigned to
American banks and held to tho order
of the chairman of the Textile Alliance
for release to American mills.
It is expected that the action of the
rovernment will facilitate the granting
of licenses and the shipment of wool
bought for America at the last auctions
and still in this country. The wool mar
ket is firm. The congestion of trans
portation facilities is acute.
ACT SUTiPniSES WASHINGTON
Strong Protest Is Expected to Fol
low Seizure ot New Items.
WASHINGTON. March 12. News to
day of considerable additions to the al
ready formidable list of contraband laid
down by the British government was
received with surprise at the State De
partment. Official notice of the new
order in council has not yet reached
Officials frankly confessed their in
ability to understand the underlying
principles of the British action, which
is expected to result in further seri
ous embarrassment to American trade.
Already the list of commodities an
nounced by the British government as
contraband compares in length with an
American tariff act, and includes many
staples never before regarded as even
The addition of cottonseed oil to the
absolute contraband list, coming on top
of the difficulties placed in the way of
the free export of cotton from the
United States, is looked on as particu
larly Irritating because assurances had
heen received early in the war from
Great Britain that cottonseed oil and its
products would not be declared contra
band. It la assumed, that the change, ol
LIMIT ON PRICES ASKED
BRITISH WORKERS' COMMITTEE
GOSSIP DENIED SOLDIERS
SILENCE REGARDING ARM V
POSED ON GERMANS.
Order la Given on Theory Valuable In
formation Might Reach Enemy,
With Harm to Fatherland.
Resolution Demands Supplies of Wheat
and Coal for Re-Dlstrlbutlon Amona;
Populace at Fixed Figures.
LONDON. March 12. Under the
auspices of the workers' war emergency
national committee. Arthur Henderson,
M. P., presiding, a mass meeting was
held here today to discuss the prices of
food and fuel. A resolution urging the
government to commandeer the stock
of wheat in the country at a fair price
for resale to the public was adopted.
The price of these resales should not
exceed 40 shillings per quarter, it was
' The meeting also urged action to con
trol more ships to bring wheat from
Argentina, Russia and Canada and to
guarantee a fixed price for the 1915
James Andrew Sedoon, chairman of
the British Trades Union Congress of
1914, addressing the meeting, advanced
the argument that if the government
had acted the same way with wheat
it has with sugar there would have
been no increase in its price. The
speaker ascribed inflated prices to
three causes first, inaction on the part
of the government; second, gambling
in the wheat markets of the world, and.
third, the "criminal exploitation and
robbery by the shipping ring in this
Subsequently the meeting adopted
resolutions calling on the government
to commandeer all supplies of coal and
distribute them to consumers through
municipal and co-operative agencies.
The resolutions also recommended that
railway facilities be pooled and oper
ated in such a way as to obtain the
greatest possible economic advantages.
INVADERS PUNISH LILLE
Honor to French Prisoners Meets
With Fine and Other Ticprlsal.
it i i n l r l
BERLIN (via London), March 12. I lnaHlDenain S VOUHO IxemcUY
T-. . 1. - I . I. I . . , I ... I -
in France occupied by the Germans,! I really Cannot praise Loam
made a demonstration in honor of a I krlain'it Couffh Remedv too
highly, says bamuel oleepy,
COLOGNE, Feb. 13. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) The German
so'dier's duty of silence, as well as of
fighting, which In bold type is empha
sized on all railroad trains, is reiter
ated in an announcement by the au
thorities of the fortress of Cologne, as
"The great Interest which the Ger
man people has shown in everything
connected with the war is the cause
of the heartiest congratulation. The
necessity, however, of guarding against
revealing military movements is ob
vious. The revelation of such matters
can eaaily result in the greatest harm
to the fatherland.
"Often one thoughtless word about
new formations, tne uirecuon usen o
troons or transports or the names of
commanding officers suffices, if heard
by unfriendly ears, to do untold harm
to the fatherland's cause.
"The layman may not appreciate that
the repetition of news wmcn reacnes
him from the field is anything but
harmless. It should oe rememDerea,
however, that the enemy has a far
reaching information -service with an
tennae stretching far into our country.
and that from such information impor
tant conclusions sometimes can do
drawn which enable him to make the
proper counter moves.
The ffovernment tnereiore consiaers
it a duty to point out the situation and
to sound the warning In public places,
especially in hotels, railroad carnages
and the like, to guard against the rev
elation of military news to strangers."
ATTACKER IS IDENTIFIED
German Submarine Fired On by
British Yacht Vandtiara.
LONDON, March 12. The identity of
the vessel described in a recent wire
less communication from Berlin as a
a Most Interesting
Identical xviih the offerings of the most authentic A'cn
York anal Paris fashions our patrons have every a.ss!ira7ce
that every hat shonm represents a prevailing style correct in
every detail, no matter ion modestly priced your selection
The remarkable growth and unquestioned prestige of our
Afillinery Section Jvas never more noticeable than now an
ever-increasing patronage bearing testimony to our Millinery
Today We Place on Exhibition
Over 1500 New Trimmed Hats
$3.95, $4.95, $5.95, $6.95 to $18.50
c Mer chan dise of
Is Introduced on Saturday With
a Great Display and Sale
of the Newest Spring
Of Specially Selected Silks
Loomed for One-Dollar Four-in-Hands
Large flowing end shapes in brocades, novelty stripes,
Roman stripes and flowered patterns, in colorings and com
binations that heretofore have never been successfully pro
duced except in the highest-priced exclusive necl(Wcar.
. Through a special arrangement with one of the foremost
makers of men's neckwear we shall offer exclusively 1 1 the
City of Portland "Dollarlyke" neckwear. Today the initial
showing of this really wonderful necl(Wcar is made both in
our IVashinglon-St. windows and on our men's nccl(Wcor
counters, in the Furnishing Section, just off the W 'ashington
St. entrance. First f loor
yacht which fired on a German sub
marine in St. George's Channel, Feb
ruary 1, was revealed today in an
announcement given out by the Ad
miralty, which said:
"H. JI. S. Vanduara, an auxiliary
armed vessel, engaged a submarine
February 1. The German government
alleges "that she did not show her
colors before ilring. The commanding
ofTicer of the Vanduara reported at
the time: 'I was flying no colors.
the while enslKn (British
before nin-niim r .' "
Vermont Will Vole on
nil i:. Gov-
.MONTri:i.ii:i;. vi.. m.i
ernor Gates ittt-d I'mIav tin- iwolil -bltion
referendum bill. As a rti'iilt tit-
voters will rlccldo nt the miinl'l:il elec
tions In JIarcli. 1 S 1 1. whether to nub
stitute state-wide pi iihllnllmi for local
If you are frequently troubled with
constipation you should avoid strong
cathartics, as they take too much water
out of the system and make a bad mat
ter worse. The more you take the more
you will have to take. You should take
a laxative like Chamberlain's Tablets.
They are mild and gentle, and when
the proper dose is taken the effect Is
so natural that you can scarcely real
ize that it was produced by a medicine.
PruggistR have them. Price 25 cents.
group of prisoners of war brought into
the city, the German military authori
ties in control imposed a tatf of 600.
000 francs to be paid by the city before
The people of Lille also were for
bidden to leave their houses between
5 o'clock in the evening: and 7 o'cloci
ih morning. T.
Terre Hill, Pa. This remedy is
a favorite for coughs and colds
in many homes where its good
qualities are known and appre
Merchandise of cJ Merit Only"
Announce a Very Comprehensive
Display Today of .
Spring lpparcl for
Small Women, Misses and Girls
In Their Fourth Floor Section
Every effort has been made to represent as adequately as
possible the newest Spring and Easter modes most in de
mand. Particular attention is directed to the exclusive styles
shown and to the youthful modeling of all our Misses' and
New Suits, New Dresses, New Coats
At Prices That Are Extremely Moderate
l oiirlti rior.