Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, March 13, 1915, Image 1

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l'RICE rivi: CENTS.
VOL. L.V. XO. 16.942.
Murder Committed as
Capital Is Occupied.
Washington Disturbed by New
Serious Development.
fhootiii; Occurs in J Ionic Over
MTiich Stars and. Mrlpes Are Fly
ins (ieneral Salazar Prom
ises to Make Amends.
' WASHINGTON. March 12. Encour-
azina advices telling of the relief of
the food famine in Mexico City through
the evacuation of the capital by the
forces of General Obrcgon, the Carranza
commander, were beclouded today by
the news that on the entry of the
Zapata troops. John B. McManus, an
American citizen, was murdered shot
down in his home, the door of which
had been sealed with the coat of arms
of the United Ftates, and over which
flew the Stars and Stripes.
Instant demand was made by the
Brazilian Minister on behalf of the
United States Government for the pun
ishment of those guilty of the crime.
Reparation la Demanded.
After a conference between Presi
dent Wilson and his Cabinet. Secretary
Bryan telegraphed the Brazilian Min
ister approving of the action he had
taken and adding a demand for rep
aration to the family of the victim. The
Minister was instructed to insist on
the early punishment of the offenders
and to impress on the post commander
at Mexico City General Falazar the
seriousness with which the American
Government viewed the occurrence.
The General who is not related to
tint Independent chief who has been
conducting a revolutionary movement
in Northern Mexico since escape from
American custody last year promised
that the demands of the United States
would be met promptly.
Revenge Motive of Murder.
The occupation of the city by the
Zapatistas, which was greeted with
enthusiasm by the people, was marred
by a fevr cases of looting. Officials
aid no 'other disorders occurred, and
the city was quiet when the last dis
patch, dated 4 P. M. yesterday, was
The Brazilian Minister reported at
length in several dispatches on the mur
der. The motive for the crime, he ex
plained, was undoubtedly one of re
venge for the alleged killing of two
Zapata soldiers by McManus when
their forces last left Mexico City.
The Minister said that when the
Zapatistas withdrew several weeks ago
after the departure of General Gutier
rez, some of them attempted to loot the
home of JlcManus. The latter stood on
his doorstep and, though it was never
made certain who fired the first shot,
when the attackers fled because of the
arrival of Carranza forces, two were
left behind dead.
Home I'ndcr American Flag.
Apprehensive of what might be his
fate on the return of the Zapata forces,
McManus induced the Brazilian Min
ister to seal his door with the coat of
arms of the United States and hoisted
an American flag over his home. Ap
parently, the Minister reported, Mc
Manus was killed by a simultaneous
volley of shots, which were fired at
a short distance, and bis hat was filled
with bullet holes. Previously the
American had taken precautions to
send his wife and family to the home
of friends, and no one, so far as known,
witnessed the shooting.
The killing of McManus, coming after
the serious developments of the situa
tion in Mexico City of the last week,
increased apprehension here in official
quarters for the safety of foreigners.
Looting In Suburbs Reported.
At the time of Obregon's occupation
of the city a Swedish subject and four
Spaniards were killed. Before leaving
Mexico City Obregon gave the Brazilian
Minister a certificate confirming the
fact that the Swede' was killed by his
soldiers. The certificate was given to
afford the man's family a basis for a
claim. The Carranza commander is
understood to have expressed his regret
over the occurrence and paid 1000 pesos
toward the funeral expenses of the
Several of the embassies and lega
tions received word of the occupation
of the city by the Zapatistas. Three
cases of looting in the suburbs of the
capital were reported as having oc
curred, with a German, a British and
a French subject as victims. Unoffi
cial reports that 2000 Mexicans had
tried to release the priests imprisoned
by Ohregon and that a riot had result
ed were unconfirmed.
Ohrrcon Leave Im Good Order.
General Obregon's troops, according
to the official dispatches, left in good
order and the Brazilian Minister re
marked that evidently the Carranza
commander was impressed by the tone
of tho American note. In view of this
report, the American Government, it
was said, probably would make no
representations to the Carranza gov
ernment. Secretary Bryan is preparing to in
sist that the railway between Miexico
iCoaciudtd on Tag 8-
Larger Cities Show Less Travel on
Highways, Engineer's Report
to Council Says.
Washington street in Portland has as
much traffic as any of the busiest
streets in the largest Eastern cities. At
certain times the Hawthorno-avenue
h.iT. r.i.. mnr tnnnaare per foot
of roadway than the Brooklyn bridge in
New York. These arc facts shown by
a traffic report which has been prepared
by Municipal Traffic Engineer ivirK
, The report shows that In ten hours of
an average day 117,044 pedestrians pass
ih. inKrwriinn of Fifth and Wash
ington streets. In an hour 1125 vehicles,
not Including streetcars, pass the inter,
In Boston 112,000 pedestrians pass by
the busiest corner in a ten-hour day
5044 less than In Portland. In an hour
6r2 vehicles pass by the Boston busy
corner. Portland shows nearly double
that number.
In Titthburg 96,000 pedestrians are
recorded in ten hours. This Is 21,000
less than go by the Portland corner in
the same time.
The report has been prepared to show
that there is actually something to the
oft-made statement that Portland
streets arc badly congested and that
thorn is occasion for better traffic
French Army and Corps Command
ers Hit While Inspecting Foe.
PARIS, March 13. An official state
ment Issued by the War Office says:
"In the course of an inspection of an
enemy first-line . trench 30 meters
(about SO feet) away, General Mandary,
commander of one of our armies, and
General de Villaret. commander of one
of the corps of his army, were wound
ed by bullets. They were examining
the German line through an embrasure.
The doctors have not yet given an
opinion on the gravity of their
General Michael Joseph Maunoury,
ex-Military Governor of Taris, was in
command of the allies' center last Sep
tember and is reported to have com
manded the French in the battle at
Solssons in January.
The army list shows two Generals
Devillaret E. G. T. Devillaret and A. M.
. Devillaret.
Transfusion to Albert Johnson From
D. M. Horn Successful.
A quart of blood was transfused rrom
the body of D. M. Horn, of Hornbrook,
Cal.. at St. Vincent's Hospital yester
day, and the life of Albert Johnson, of
Pprtland, thereby was savea.
Mr. Johnson is the husband of Sir,
Horn's sister. He is a civil engineer
and for several years has been suffer
ing from anemia.
The flow was continued for more
than an hour. At the end of the ordeal
Mr. Horn showed no signs of weak
ness. Mr. Johnson was resting com
fortably last night.
Mrs. Johnson and a few other rela
tives witnessed the operation, whicii
was performed by Dr. E. A. Sommer.
Mr. Johnson is a brother of Frank S.
Johnson, of 30 East Twenty-fourth
street, at whose home both he and Mrs.
Johnson have been living recently.
Roles Already Chosen for Early Tour
of United States.
BORDEAUX, March 12. (Special.)
Sarah Bernhardt, recovering here from
the amputation of her right leg. expects
to tour America next Fall. Despite her
70-odd years and the fact that she must
wear an artificial leg, the great French
tragedienne is making active prepara
tions to return to the United States.
Her future is all planned, she told
her friends today. Bertrand in Ros
tand's "The Faraway Princess" ' is the
first role she will enact when she leaves
the hospital, and after that "Phedre."
These two plays she will put on merely
for the sake of old associations and to
prove that an artificial limb will not
impair her acting.
Then, with the public convinced, she
will turn to new roles.
German Suggests Reason for Visit of
Czar Nicholas.
BERLIN. March 12. (By wireless, via
Sayvllle, N. T.) The Stockholm Dag
bladet reports that the visit of Em
peror Nicholas to Helsingfors probably
is intended to prepare the people for
a proclamation of conscription. Up to
the present the people of Finland have
been free from military service. The
frontier Is being watched to prevent
the people from crossing into Sweden.
The most prominent Finnish Senators
have been summoned to St. Petersburg.
Several Russian provincial Governors
have warned against an extended con
scription of Russian peasants, declar
ing that the number of men required
for agricultural work already is In
sufficient. Austria Releases Russian Violinist.
VENICE, via London. March 12.
Through the efforts of Frederick C.
Penfield, the American Ambassador to
Austria, the Austrian government has
released Dr. Adolph Brodsky, an emi
nent violinist, who had been interned
in Hungary for several months. Dr.
Brodsky is a Russian subject.
Allies' Gunnery Good
in Dardanelles.
Death and Destruction Dealt
at Distance of Ten Miles.
British u nd French A'escls Sent In
to Draw- Fire of Forts Succeed
In Purpose and Escape
Without Damage.
(Correspondent of the London chronicle.
By cable to the Chicaeo Trlhun. Published
by arrangement with the Tribune.)
ATHENS, March 7. The first real
eyewitness story describing the bom
bardment of the Dardanelles ports by
the allied fleet was brought here by a
man from Tenedos Island, 'who from
Mount Ilios saw the battleships pour
their fire into the strongholds.
"The sight was a most magnificent
one," he said. "At first tne neet rangea
in a semi-circle some miles out to sea
from the entrance to the straits. It
afforded an inspiring spectacle as It
came along and took up Its position
and the picture became most awe-inspiring
when the guns began to boom.
Bombardment Slow at First.
"The bombardment at first was slow.
the shells from the various ships
screaming through the air at the rate
of about one every two minutes. The
gunners' markmanship was excellent.
and with strong glasses I could see
huge masses of earth and stone work
thrown high up Into the air. The din
even at that distance was terrific, and
when the largest ship with the biggest
guns in the world joined the martial
chorus the air was filled with the car-
splitting noise.
'The Turkish batteries, however,
were not to be drawn, and, realizing
this, the British Admiral sent one Brit
ish ship and ono French ship close In
shore towards the Slddul Bahr forts.
Enemy Drawn, Gunnery Poor.
"It was a pretty sight to see the
two battleships swing rapiuiy away
toward the northern cape, spitting fire
and smoke as they rode along, iney
obscured the pure atmosphere with
clouds of smoke from their funnels and
"Through it all I could see they
were getting home with their shots.
They fired as they went in. They
sped right under the guns of the shore
batteries, which could no longer resist
the temptation to see what they could
do. Puffs of white smoke dotted the
landscape on the far shore and dull
booms echoed over the placid waters.
(Concluded on 1jhkc 2.)
; 1 . - - . ........ ...I
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 68
degrees; minimum. 4ti degrees.
TODAY'S Showers; variable winds.
Observer of
of Dardanelles
story. . Page 1.
British auxiliary and part of crew loet,
pedo being suspected. X'age i.
Russians meet reverse in North Poland
and West Gallcia. Page 2.
British reported to have taken another vil
lage in Xorthcrn France. Pago 2.
Great Britain surprises Washington by add
ing to contraband list. Page S.
German auxiliary- cruiser will Intern in
America, says captain of Frye. Page 1.
American killed by Zapata's men in Mexico
City; Washington demands reparation.
Pate I.
Wife of John D. Rockefeller dies suddenly,
her sister only relative at her bedside.
Page 5.
C F. Baxmyer. formerly of Portland, may
have been murdered; doubt cast on sui
cide theory. Page 3.
Terre Haute repeaters tell of thriving by
voting at $1 a vote. Page o. .
Thaw case in hands of jury. Page 1.
McCrcdio eager to win games today and
Sunday from Indianapolis Page 6.
Lincoln High wrestlers defeat Washington
High in meet decided by last fall of last
bout. Page 6.
Tactfic Northwest.
Washington Legislature regarded as ceo
nomical. Page i.
Commercial and Marine.
Inquiry for Northwestern oata for shipment
to Australia. Page Id.
Ursrent European demand for wheat lifts
Eastern markets. Page Jih
Motor shares are weak feature of stock
market. Page 15.
Longshoremen put embargo on ship using
non-union labor. Page
Portland and Vicinity.
Washington street busiest In country. City
Engineer says. Page 1.
Jitney ordinance aa revised Is sent to Coun
cil. Pago 9.
Cost regarded as principal barrier to ref
erendum election. Pago II.
Tribute paid to salmon everywhere. Page 15.
Road bond election assured, with 2S04 sig
natures, t Pago 11.
Noted English militant suffragette welcomed
to Portland. Page S.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 13.
German Submarine Rises Xear lie-
turning Vessel, Iater Disappearing.
NEW YORK,' March 12. Officers . of
the American-Hawaiian line steamship
Nevadan, arriving here today from Bre
men, where sne aenverea a cargo oi
cotton, reported that on February 26,
while in the North Sea homeward
bound, they were closely inspected by n
large German submarine.
They first sighted the periscope and
then the dark, gray body of the under
sea fighter came close alongside the
Nevadan. remained on the surface about
five minutes, traveling . -along with
them, and then sank from sight.
BUI tn California Legislature Would
Give Mother of Quadruplets $5000.
SACRAMENTO, March 12. A bill for
a legislative appropriation of $5000 for
the support of quadruplets born recent
ly to Mrs. C. O. McKnlght,. wife of a
Shasta County farmer, was introduced
today in the Senate.
It is set forth that the fund is to be
paid Mrs. McKnight "in recognition of
the great boon which she has conferred
on the State of California," and that
the father of tho babies, duo to the
sudden Increase of his family from 10
to 14, has not adequate funds "to sup
port so numerous a progeny."
German Says J Will
Go XvJl aoon.
American Crew Then Send
Beer to Destroyer of Ship.
United States Vessel Sunk Because
Papers Revealed Fortified Port
as Destination, Is Reported
as Intended Explanation.
NEWPORT NEWS. Va., March 12.
"I can say positively that the Prlna
Eitel Friedrich never will leave this
port until the end of the European
This declaration was made tonight
by Captain II. II. Kiehne, master of the
American sailing ship William P.
Frve. which the German raider de
stroyed in the South Atlantic Ocean
January 28 last. Captain Kiehne had
just bade farewell to Commander
Thierichens. of the German cruiser. He
had paid off his crew and was leav
ing for Washington to reveal the de
tails of his ship's destruction directly
to heads of the Government.
Basis of Assertion la Secret.
"Why do you make such a positive
statement?" the American skipper was
"That I will not say," he replied, "but
I know sie has come here to stay until
the war is over."
Notwithstanding this the commander
of the Eitel Friedrich tonight reiter
ated that It was his purpose to leave
American waters as soon as possible,
According to reports here tonight the
German officers, in explaining the sink
ing of the Frye, will contend that they
found in the American vessel's papers
ar record that the ship, with its cargo
of wheat, was bound for Queenetown,
Falmouth or Plymouth for orders, and
that since Plymouth is a fortified port
the wheat was contraband.
Crew to Ask Pay of Germany.
Two of the Frye's crew refused to
accept payment today because of a de
cision, based on statutory law, that they
were entitled to wages only until Jan
uary 2S, the day the Frye was sunk.
All other members of the crew accepted
payment under protest and urged that
the German government should pay
them for 43 days spent en board the
Despite their dissatisfaction over
their pay, the crew of the Frye tonight
sent "with compliments' to tne Ger
man cruiser eight kegs of beer for the
crew and cigars for the officers mess.
Late today a naval board of three.
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Rescue Vessel Is Cliased From Vi
cinity by German Submarine.
Tart of Crew Is Saved.
LONDON, March 13. The Admiralty
announces the loss of the auxiliary
cruiser Bayano while the vessel was
engaged in patrol duty. In its state
ment of the disaster, the Admiralty
"On March 11 wreckage of the
Bayano and bodies were discovered, and
circumstances point to her having been
sunk by an enemy torpedo.
"Eight officers and IS men were
rescued, but it is feared the remainder
of the crew were lost.
"The captain of tho Belfast steamer
Castlereagh reports passing Thursday
morning a quantity of wreckage and
dead bodies floating in life belts. He
attempted to search for possible sur
vivors, but was prevented by the pres
ence of an enemy submarine, which
gave chase for 20 minutes."
The Bayano was a comparatively new
steamer. Sho was built at Glasgow in
l'J13 and was owned by Elder & Fyfteu
before she was taken over by the Brit
ish government and fitted out aa an
auxiliary cruiser.
The Bayano was of S.'jOO tons dis
placement and 416 feet long.
Tho Belfast correspondent of the
Dally Telegraph says the Bayano was
torpedoed Thursday morning at 3
o'clock off Corsewall Toint, Wigtown
shire, Scotland, and that nearly 200
lives were lost, as the cruiser sank
almost immediately. The vessel had a
crew of about 216 men on board.
Wigtownshire is the southwestern
most county In Scotland. It lies on
the North Channel, which leads into
the Irish Sea from the Atlantic.
French Call on 1916 Recruits.
PARIS. March 12. The Chamber of
Deputies passed a bill today calling
the 1916 class of recruits. These re
cruits will not bo sent to tho front,
however, until after the men of the
older classes are utilized.
Friday's War Moves
JUST as tho French attackeed the
Germans In the western campaign
when Field Marshal von Hlndeuburg
made his big rush from East Prussia
last month, so the British army oper
ating in Flanders has undertaken the
task of relieving tho pressure on its
Russian ally now that the Russians
again are being attacked in North Po
land. This is part of tho general plan of
the allied Generals. When one Is at
tackeed the other attacks, so as to
compel the Germans and Austrlans to
keep strong forces at every point and
endeavor to prevent them from sending
new troops where they could do most
.At preseent tho Germans are occu
pied in an attempt to crush the Rus
sians. For this purpose they are re
ported to have an army estimated a
nearly a half million men marching
along the roads to Przasnysz. To pre
vent this army from being further
strengthened tho British aro thrusting
at the German line north of La Bassee,
and besides reporting the capture of
tho village of Ncuve Chapelle, It Is as
serted that they have advanced beyond
that town.
The battle taking place on tho east
ern front, experts say. Is the biggest
pitched battle of the war. no fewer
than 1,000,000 men being engaged in it
The Germans, in their official report,
say they have muiic some advance,
while Petrograd considers It likely
that the Russians will have to fall
back beyond Frzasnysz. as they did
last month, before making their stand.
It probably will be days before a defi
nite result is attained In this battle,
as with the frozen roads the Russians
can push forward reinforcements and
choose their battleground.
Meanwhile another German army has
appeared, on the Pilica River front
south of the Vistula, probably, military
observers say, with the idea of induc
ing Grand Duke Nicholas to withdraw
men from the north, where the real
blow Is being struck.
Farther south, along the foothills of
the Carpathians, fighting between the
Austrlans and Russians continues amid
Wintry conditions. Each side declares
that the other is doing the attacking,
but It is believed that, as the Austrlans
initiated the battle, they probably are
still the aggressors.
Interesting developments are prom
ised in the political field. Prince von
Buelow, the German Ambassador to
Italy, accordiing to dispatches received
from Rome and Berlin, at last has of
ficially raised the question of terri
torial concessions to Italy as the price
of Italy's friendship. Germany, It is
declared, is doing the negotiating on
behalf of her ally. Austria, whose ter
ritory is Involved.
It is said that Germany is trying to
Induce Austria to cede to Italy both
Trent and Trieste. Baron Stephan von
Burian, the Austrian Foreign Minister,
according to report, does not oppose
the cession of Trent, but strongly ob
jects to parting with Trieste, while the
aged Austrian Emperor refuses to con
sent to the loss of any part of his do
minions. It is reported that Germany desires
to have the matter settled now, in fear
that, should the Dardanelles be forced.
Italy would be more than ever inclined
to throw In her lot with the allies, so as
to insure the safety of her Interests In
the Eastern Mediterranean, depending
on her army to recover her lost prov
inces nearer home.
German emissaries, according to dis
patches to the British newspapers,
also are busy in Bucharest and Sofia
endeavoring to point out to RoumRnla
and Bulgaria why these countries
should, remain neutral.
Asylum Attendants Arc
Awaiting Outcome.
i Matteawan Is Possibility, Re
gardless of Verdict.
Jurors Once Return In Court l
Hear Part of I ii!-l ructions Re
peatedCourt Takes Re
ces I'ntil Toda.
NEW TOHK, March 12 The rliarpo
of conspiracy, on which Harry K.
Thaw and four arsociates are belli
tried here, went to the J'iry at .":-':
1'. M. today. The Jury was onlclnlly rui
to bed at 11:20 r. M . and a recess of
court was taken tint 11 10 A. M. to
morrow. Closing arguments were completed
early In the afternoon. Mr. Stamh
field, of counsel for Thaw, laid cpc
clal emphasis upon the contention that
Thaw never saw tho other defendant i
before he escaped and Hint the grtn'l
Jury of Duchess County, wherein Is it
uated Matteawan, had refused to re
turn any indictments against the de
fendant. orarnlxKlnn of Crime Healed.
Mr. Stan.'hlield argued that no crime
had been committed and that therefor
the defendants could not be held ill an,'
way responsible for tho esrapn.
Frank K. Cook, deputy Atlornev
General, began Ills closing address leu
the slate by saying that neither he nor
Mr. Konnedy "were here to persecute
or hound Harry K. Thaw.
"It Is our contention." said Mr. 'o"l'.
"that Thaw was linane hen he went
to Matteawan and whwn ho .-scaped, and
we believe him Insane now. lie a
anno enough, how cvrr, the evlin'-o
shows, to know that ho was commit.
ting a crime and an Intention to
do so.
Inaane Criminal umrrou.
"There are Q Insane prisoner In
Matteawan who have committed homi
cides. Are we to allow them to walk
out? They probably would If lliey had
(7000 and Butler around outaide.
When Mr. Cook concluded his uddren
to the Jury, Justice Page had the fore
man determine whether his Hasoclate"
preferred to go on with tho case or
whether they desired a ro-ess until to
morrow. The Jury elected to continue
and Justice Page nccordinKly besan his
He said that it was not nr-fssar for
the people of the State of New ork
to prove thut the parties to an alleged
conspiracy had come together in o:lr
to prove the conspiracy.
Concerted Action suf flrirot.
"If they act in concert." said JuMne
Page, "that is sufficient to establish
their participation. Previous acquaint,
anee Is unnecessary. If you find thai
the actions of the co-defendants here
were so timed tiiat lliey acted In con
cert with tho defendant. Thaw, then
there was a conspiracy and their aeti
can bo considered as designed to ob
struct Justice and the proper adminis
tration of tho law.
'Under the 'commitment orisinaTy
signed by Justice Dowllng, Thaw cotiM
have been taken to Matteawan had be
been apprehended anywhere within the
boundaries of the state. The partici
pants In a conspiracy should be con
sidered guilty if they aided the de
fendant. Thaw, out of tho Mute in an
illegal manner.
"The question of sanity Is an i. su.;
In this cate only Insofar as Thaw may
have been shown to have the cupaclt
to Intend to do the nets charged :saln.";
him. The defense concedes that he
had at least this much mental capac
Matteavrao AMrndaata Ready.
Two attendants from tho Matteawari
Hospital were in court toduy. It was
said in the courtroom that, no matter
what tho verdict of the Jury, Thaw
would be rushed to Muttcawau tn an
automobile by these two attendants
Immediately after somu decision hau
been reached or a disagreement re
Thaw'a attorneys said, however, that
a writ or huoeas corpus was awamng
the signature of a Supremo Court Jus
tice. They said they planned to havi
the writ algned immediately upon thn
return of tho Jury with a verdict oi a
The writ. It was Raid, would ser
to keep Thaw within the Jurisdiction
of the courta of this county. If Thaw
was taken bacji to' Mattcawan hi
would be under the Jurisdiction of the
courts of Westchester County, another
judicial district.
At 9:30 the foreman sent out word
that the Jury desired to ask a few
question of the court.
rarta of Cbarare Read Al.
Thaw waa brought to the courtroom.
The Jury wanted to hear that part cf
the chargo which related to Thaw's In
tentions at the time of the escape anil
also the part that had to do with Jus
tice Dowllng'R commitment and what,
bearing the commitment had upon
Thaw's status at the time l;c was fler.
ing out of the atnte. Thc.o p.irls of
the carge were read.
On the request of Deputy Attorney -
General Cook, Justice Page then modi
fied slightly a charge lie had m:ole diet
ing tne afternoon Instructing the .l.irv
to acnult Thaw If they found that Im
iCor.oudc'i on l a.
- I