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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 13, 1915)
VOL. LIT. NO. 16.891.
PORTLAND. OREGON. WKDXESDAY. . JANUARY 13, 1915.
TRICE FIVE CENTS.
MACHINES IN HOUSE
MAY REPLACE GIRLS
SAI.KM DKALEU WOULD INSTALL
TREMENDOUS APPUUSE RINGS
Acceptance of Red Cross
Presidency First Act.
ECONOMY AIM CHEERED
Retiring Executive Is first to Con
gratulate Oregon's Xerr Chieftain.
State Capital Thronged for
Day of Ceremony.
Plan to Shift "Fair Stenographer
From Legislative Hall to Down
town Office Is Considered.
STATE CAPITOL, Salem. Jan. 12.
(Special.) Now they are planning to
force the fair stenographer out of the
A Salem man has just sent a proposal
to the rulea committee to do all the
stenographic work on" contract, but
paradoxical as It may seem, he plans
to . eliminate stenographers from the
performance of the contract, that Is. so
far as the House members are con
Ho would require all Legislators
who have stenographic work done to
talk Into a dictaphone. Messenger boys
then would carry the dictaphone
records to an office down town where
a crew of expert typewriter operators
would transcribe their verbal contents
on to official stationery as prescribed
In connection with the fight on rules
that threatens to precipitate Itself upon
the House tomorrow, it's certain that
the proposal will receive serious con
The man who makes the proposal de
clares that he will give the Legislature
the "most efficient stenographic service
it has ever had."
INDEX GF TODAY'S NEWS
10 RULE SINGE 13
Democratic Reign Over
DR. WITHYCOMBE IMPRESSIVE
J. Eincrick' Chosen Mayor
Medford by Majority of 02.
MEDFORD, Or., Jan. II. (Special.)-
Med ford's proposed new city charter
was defeated by SI votes In today's
election and V. J. Emerick defeated
C. K. Gates for Mayor by 62 votes.
STATE CAPITOU Salem. Or., Jan.
II. (Special.) People of Oregon: You
now have a new Governor. He is Dr.
James .WithyconiDe. of Corvallis. He
took the oath of office at precisely 2:4$
Surrounded by members of his fam
ily, state officials, including Justices of
the Supreme Court and legislators,
prominent residents of Salem and other
parts of the state. Dr. Withycombe was
vested with the power of office and
immediately presented to the people bis
first state document, which was an In
augural address and a message to the
The new governor immediately got
down to business. His first o racial act
was to write a letter accepting the
presidency of the Oregon State Board
of the Ked Cross. Dr. Withycombe al
ways has taken an active interest in
the work of the Iced Cross, and con-
iders Its activities at the present time
of the utmost importance.
Inana-nratlosi Main Event,
The inauguration was the sole sub
ject of Interest lit the Statehouse to
day. Legislative affairs were given
secondary consideration. Both the
House and the Senate held short ses
ion this morning. Tbey reconvened
at I o'clock and Immediately arranged
for the joint session.
lobby was tilled with visitors, includ-I lUKrvLT fAolO
Ing mere sightseers as weli as numer
ous friends of the new Governor. A
crew of workmen labored industriously
to complete the decorations inside the
building- Theso decorations, however,
were limited to a liberal display of
American flags, which were draped from
BY RONALD G. CALLVERT.
STATE CAPITOL, Salem, Or., Jan. 12.
-(Staff Correspondence.) For the
WFW CHARTER IS REJECTED rirst time ln 12 years- "s th tw0
j ears tiunng wnicn I' raaK jtsenson was
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 40.6
Ue:res; minimum, 3S.S decrees. .
TODAY'S Rain; southeasterly winds.
Governor "Withycombe Is first -Republican
Governor of Oregon In 1? jean. Page l
No section of state la slighted in the ap-
Dointm of Senate committees. rax
Spnatnr rimiricB niRri to ron tract for cler
ical helo falls by vote of 11 to 7. Page T-
Senate begin economy programme by filing
10 bills calling lor saving oi lunua
Page 6. "' -
Full text of Governor TVithycnmbe's mes
Base to Lezislature. Paifo 12.
Washington's war over liquor opens In Leg
Islaturo at Olympia. iage
Governor and Mrs, Withycombe are hosts of
brilliant reception at Capitol. Page l.
Idaho brewer3 made target in bill placed
before .Legislatures. Page b.
IIouss rules may pool clerical help, rage 6.
Signs Point to Effective Brtierepn3carsoM cap'
Fierce battle beine fought in Alsace. Page 2.
Turks deny rout by Russians; Petrograa
says Turkish General sent to investigate
defeat was also captured. Page o.
Lettpr r?cived in Montreal from west
Tn-Jles say German cruiser Karlsruhe is
believed sunk in battle. Page z.
House, by vote of 201 to 17-1, refuses to sub
mit suffrage amendment to constitution.
Real wife trusts- preacher accused of lead-
double life, i'age -J.
Buddy Ryan traded evenly to Salt Lake for
Moran, late oi Sacramento omiieia.
Washington IIi?h defeats Franklin High,
00 to 22, in basketball game opening in
terscholastlc League season. Page IS.
. Pacific Northwest,
Supreme Court holds that State Treasurer
is rightful custouian ox irreuuciuie si-uuui
fund. Page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Wheat selling is checked as holders asK
more. , Page 1.
Acting-Governor, Oregon tonight haa a Flurry In Chicago -wheat on large export
FRICTION IN STATE PALES
Centralizing of State Government as
' 'Wanted by Xew Governor Not
, Rabid Great , Change, in
Courts to Be Proposed.
Republican In the executive chair.
Incidentally, Dr. James Withycombe
has realized the ambition of half a
The situation presents a promising
outlook for the welfare of the state. If
party government and party responsl-
buying. , Page 17.
Advance in wall-street stock prices is bait
ed. Page 17.
Captain Asa M. Simpson, who died Sunday,
recognized dean or (jregon lumoernien.
Fortland and Vicinity.
City buys rootchopplng machine to clean
sewers. Page is.
HOUSE REFUSES TO
Tuesdays War Moves
i HE French attacks to the north of
204 to 174.
j s' . --'u
STATES' RIGHTS ISSUE RAISED
Friends Had Expected Major
ity, but Not Two-Thirds. ,
DEBATE BITTER AT TIMES
Republican Lender Supports Resolu
tion, Democratic Leader Opposes
It, but Party Lines Are "ot
Closely " Drawn.
bility are the strong influences for ef- Belgian relief lund grows to JS6.700. Page in.
45 invitations to speak since January 1.
Medley of fun in "Zone," at Fair, pictured
by Dean coiuns. page l-L.
Hotelmen vote to ask for election on pro'
oosal to Dermic restricted liquor sales.
Little interest was taken in the elec-1 ficlency In government that economists John Barrett, here, ln great demand, getting
lion anu oniy aDour nan wie reB.i.e.u represent them to be there will be less
vote was poneo. friction between the Executive and
Only one anti-charter Alderman was Btate officers, less combativenesa ex.
elected, . L. Amy winning over c t.. hibited between Governor and Legisla.
Schieffelin in the Second Ward.' H. P. ture and more accomplished in the sue.
Hargrave and J. C. Mann were elected ceeding four years in constructive ad
In the Third and First Wards, respect- mi
nistratinn nnrl ltrf sin f inn ihrn In tha
!vl'- entire period during which so much PRfiSPFRITY WAVF ROI LS
memoers oi mo cimrwr L-uiiiiuiaoiuu i sparring ior political advatage and Der-
announced lonigni mat. me ngui uau i tonal aggrandizement was exhibited. Head of Implement Dealers Sees
just begun and that the city manager I
form would be oresented to the voters ....prc.-. a... lievlval or Business.
srntn t th next election. It is as- 1 nB governors message leit a dis
serted that the new charter was gain- iy pleasant impression with the KANSAS CITY, Jan. 12. A big wave
In favor in the last few days of memDers OI lne legislature, the state Df prosperity is before the United
the campaign and its backers attribute
Its defeat largely to the fact that the
majority of the voters had not had time
to study carefully its provisions.
officers, the visiting city and business states, and especially the Middle West
Thanksgiving, Christmas, w Years
Escaped by 40-Iay Roost.
representatives, and the throng of citi
sens ln the lobby. The part generally
accepted as the keynote of the address
and of his administrative policy was
the plan offered for centralizing state
P0R II PP I departments and s'uch other advice as
may oe ciassinca wicnin an economy
hi mis respect governor iv unycomoe pjai rinrfsAinnq
is not a radical wnen measured wttn th ri,f,-o
and Southwest, according 'to W. ' M.
Vickery, of Blackwell, Okla., president
of the "Westarn Retail implement. Ve
hicle and Hardware Dealers' Associa
In his annual address before the or
ganization in convention today, he
urged members to look not at flnan-
but at the fullness
I some of the members of the House and
"I see a big wave of prosperity com-
JUNCTION CITY, Or., Jan. 12 (Spe- Senate. He did not suggest so many hn M ,.tt , t hAft
cial.) One turkey escaped Thanksglv-I changes as are mentioned in the reso- for crQna .. iarr t-,..
the pillars supporting the Capitol dome Christmas and New Year's by fast- lutlon presented in the Senate today by financial cloud Is lifting and everyone
and fastened over the arches leading
to the doorways of the Senate and the
Klin Utopia? Iaspreaalve.
Less profuse, but even more impres
sive, were tho decorations Inside ths
llmic chamber here the inauguration
took plncu. The only display of xolor
was that produced by the Hags hanging
in the doorway.
- But tho painted portraits of nine ex
Governors of the state looked down on
the scene that transferred the author
ity over the state's affairs from the
Ing 40 days without food or water.
Milo Corey, a rancher who resides west
of town, fcrought 22 turkeys to June
tion City November 23 to be raffled off.
The birds were turned loose ln a room
and removed as needed.
Twenty-one of them were taken out.
but the prize bird could not be found.
On January 7 the bird was discovered
among some boards stored on some
rafters. The bird was in a weak con
dition and was unable to make much
.senator Barrett, and
backing of numerous
gaining confidence. There is no
...... . ...... p .j... .i
. I o.owii xu, nil J II 1 11 0 I. W 1-1 11 II LCI 1U,
upper house. Even this resolutdoes because prosperity Is hurrying towards
nut cui au iieu into Lne taJOPieu Knuu ,,n
of boards and
fess a willing.
mmissiondvas some pro- I
to sink the knife.
tlve Session Planned.
The rfmpression left at the close ol
the second day, when practically ail
sides, except the officeholders, have
been heard from tentatively or officially.
Is that the Legislature will not endeavor
to see how little it can do and keep
faith with the people, but how much it
hands of Oswald West Into those f LOCAL OPTION LAW UPHELD P" ccomPlisn without going to ex-
Jamrs Withycombe. Two ex-Governors
occupied the rostrum with tbem.
After the retiring Uovernor and the
Incoming Uovernor had been escorted
Into the room to the strains of patriotic
music, W. Lair Thompson, president of
t re mes.
But, as indicated, the officeholders
whose positions are endangered have
not been heard from definitely, except
in the lobbies. They are equipped with
Jan. 1 T. United States I statistics as 10 wnai meir departments
State Prohibition Does Xot Nullify It
Is Washington Decision.
tbo Senate, presented Governor West. District Judge Hudkin, in dissolving a have accomplished and are ready
temporary order which restrained the ll snow lne smau amount oi actual
officials of Llnd, Wash., from closing money that would be saved by the
tha I.ind saloons, decided todav that adoption of any suggested plan. These
the statewide prohibition amendment arguments will, of course, be presented
adopted by the voters in the November"1 detail at committee sessions ana tne
election did not nullify the local option influence they will have is a matter of
law approved by the I,lnd voters. I conjecture.
The statewide prohibition amendment Following his inauguration Governor
Is not effective until next January.
The retiring Governor was sharply ap
plauded as he arose.
-Krrt Polities,' Bays West.
He explained that he would depart
from the usual custom of delivering an
address, but he would give the time to
the new state executive, for whom he
prayed undivided attention.
"The time has come, he continued,
"when politics should be forgotten, and
I, for one, want to give tho incoming
Governor all the help possible. In r.
tiring from orhce I think that, in my
limited ability, I have done the best I
can, but as 1 expect to stay her I want
to help all I can to make Oregon the
gr-atet state in the Union.
Tresident Thompson then formally
announced that the canvass of the vote
showed Dr. Withycombe elected, and
formally prtf-tned him for the Inau
t'liirf Ju&tk-e Moore quickly stepped
forward to administer the oatu.
Tremendous Applfue Rings.
The Governor-tlet turned partly
around, facing tho Chief Justice, but
in full view of the great crowd that
tilled the room. The afternoon sunlight
shone through the western windows of
the historic Capitol and reflected upon
the radiant face of the man upvn whom
the Interest of the entire state was
eintefd. As the Chief Justice uttered
the solemn oath the new Governor held
his right hand nrmly above him.
To the customary question of his
affirmation to support the constitution
of the state and Nation, he answered
with a voice that could be heard ln
every corner of the room:
Instantly there was a tremendous
burst of applause that continued fur
fully several minutes. He bowed and
smiled and cast an affectionate glance
, toward his wife and daughter, who
were tated Jut below and to the left
of the rostrum.
tlrHsge (.alas Ureas Attrattoa.
Governor Wlthyconibv began at once
his formal uio-uae that he had pre
pared In advance. He read from type
written pages. Ills voice was clear and
distinct. He gave due elocutionary em
phasis to important sentences and
(Concluded on Page 7.)
PLAGUES RAVAGE . VIENNA
Xeivs Keceived Through. Italy Tells
of Smallpox, Cholera, Typhoid.
VENICE (via London). Jan. 12.
Private reports from Vienna and state
ments appearing in the Austrian pa
pers show that conditions in the Aus
trian capital are daily becoming more
Smallpox, cholera and typhoid fever
are prevalent, 45 cases of smallpox
being officially reported at Vienna dur
ing the first nine days of January.
Many cases of contagion are also re
ported from various centers of Lower
and Upper Austria, Bohemia, Moravia,
Silesia and Galicia. . .
Great numbers of fugitives have ar
rived from Bukowina and many more
are expected. Many of them are on
the verge of starvation. The price of
staple food is increasing, and delicacies
are no longer obtainable.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 12. The House
of Representatives, by a vote of 204 to
174, refused tonight to submit to the
states an amendment to the Federal
Constitution to enfranchise women.
The vote, the second in the history
of Congress on the woman suffrage
issue, came at the close oI a oay oi
ong-prepared-for oratory, during
which the many speakers were listened
to with frequent evidences of approval
or disapproval by packed galleries. The
question was before the House on the
Mondell resolution to submit a Consti
tutional amendment providing that the
right of suffrage should . not be
abridged "because of sex." -
Majority la Against Resolution.
A two-thirds affirmative vote was
necessary to pass the resolution; It
was defeated by a majority of 30.
Party lines were not strictly drawn
in the fight, though Democratic Leader
Underwood, voicing the attitude of his
party that suffrage is a state issue,
strongly opposed the resolution, while
Republican Leader Mann was one of
the chief speakers of the suffragists.
Enthusiasm mingled with dejection
when Speaker Clark announced the re
suit, and into the corridors from oppo
site galleries filed the hundreds of
suffragists, with their purple and yel
low sashes and the red -rose bedecked
Defeat Second In Year.
This was the second defeat for tin
suffrage cause in the National Legis
lature within a year. An equal suffrage
constitutional amendment proposed by
Senator Chamberlain, of Oregon, re
celved a vote of 35 to 34 in the Senate
on March 19 last, securing a bare ma
jority but falling of the necessary two-
However, suffrage leaders were not
dismayed tonight. As they left the
galleries led by Dr. Anna Howard
Shaw, Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt and
other champions of the cause, they de
clared the fight was by no means over
and that the suf rfage propaganda would
be pressed forward and onward until
every woman in America should have
the right to cast a baiipt.
"The result was whatwe expected,"
said Mrs.- Arthur M. Dodge, president
of ..the National Association Opposed
to Woman ' Suffrage. "It means that
the suffrage movement fostered by
hysterical women is on the wane."
The vote on the final issue was as
For the Resolution.
. Adair, Alexander, Anderson, Anthony,
Austin, Avis, Baker, Barnhart, Bath
rick, Bell, of California; Borchors, Bor
land, Britten, Brown, of New York;
Bryan, Buchanan, of Illinois; Butler,
Campbell. Carr, Casey, Chandler, of
New York; Church, Clancy, Cline, Con
nelly, of Kansas; Copley, Cramton,
Crosser, Curry, Davenport, Decker, Die
trick, Dershem, Dickinson, Dillon, Doo
little. Lrukker, Eagan, Edmonds, Ev-
, . nast of Rlieims, are developing
t lous offensive. The gains tho
ait Ve made at these points, if
,T ed up. would have a two-fold
importance. They threaten the rail
ways which the Germans aio using to
supply their troops in the lighting line
and arc a serious menace to the Ger
man forces which hold positions to the
north of Rheims.
The French have found it Impossible
to take by frontal attack those posl
tions from which the Germans are
bombarding Rheims, but ud varices on
either ido would envelop them and
force a retirement, thus giving the ca
tiiedral city much-desired relief from
the German shells.
In the Argonne and on the heights
of the Meuse the Germans are on the
offensive and say they have made fur
ther progress. It Is reported that tlfe
Germans have sent heavy reinforce
ments to this district to prevent the
rench from breaking their lines,
which are close to their own border and
not far from Met.
Fresh German troops dispatched to
Alsace, combined with the Wintry
weather, have stopped the French ad
vance in that region. Along tho rest
of the front artillery Is doing most of
the work. Only Isolated attacks are
being attempted, the stata of the
weather and the ground making the
movements of large bodies of troops
out of the question.
(Concluded on Page 3.)
Similar conditions prevail In the east.
and, while they have not completely
stopped the fighting, they have called
a halt over the greater part of the
field of operations. In restricted areas.
along the River Hawka. near Bollmow,
however, there has been fierce fight
ing, but according to Petrograd corre
spondents the Germans have been un
able to make any material advance,
Severe fighting also is taking place on
the Nida River, where the Austrlans
are opposing the Russian attempts to
penetrate to Cracow.
The Germans are keeping the
Mazurlan lakes open with Ice-breakers
to block the Russian advance in East
Prussia. The Russian troops hold post
tions around the lakes and have been
waiting for them to freeze over before
resuming their offensive.
Witness Thinks Inter
ests Picked Sullivan.
HEARING BEGUN BY PKELAN
Fitness of Minister to San Do
mingo Is Inquired Into.
CONDUCT ALSO PROBED
Corrci-poiidcnce HeCMeoii Hrjsn anil
Ills Representative lit I ; Idciuv,
In Which Minister I'le.-uls
Ignorance of Wrnn;,
The Turks deny that they have been
defeated by the Russians ln the Cau
casus, and. as an offset to this denial
Petrograd has the report that Noury
Bey, Chief of the General Staff of the
third Ottoman army corps, who was
sent by the Sultan to Investigate the
report of the defeat, has been cup
tured by the Cossacks.
The Turks have been offering stub
born, resistance to the Russians at Kar
aurgan, where a battle has been In
process for five days. The position at
this place is more favorable for the
Turks, who have not the deep snow of
the mountains to contend with and are
in closer touch with their base. It
a death struggle for them, for so long
the Russian fleet commands the
Black Sea the Turks cannot get
inrorcements from .Europe, the over.
land route beingVi long: and difficult
one. They have ariVirmyorps at Bag
dad, but this is needed tok opose the
advance of the British Iftdiafi army
from tne east.
SERVIAN AMBITION GROWS
Xot Only Seaport, but Austrian
. Provinces Demanded. .
ROME, Jan. 12 Contrary to state
ments that have appeared in the news
papers of London, Paris and Berlin that
an understanding has practically been
reached about the Servian outlet to the
Adriatic Sea, it is said in Servian offl
cial quarters here that this will not
now satisfy Servla.
It is declared that such a concession
would have been satisfactory two years
ago, when the subject was discussed at
the London conference, but that now,
after a war in which her life and
dependence were risked, Servia could
not accept a port or a strip of coast.
What she now claims, it is said, are
the Servian regions possessed by Aus
tria, including Bosnia, Herzegovina and
Dalmatia, which must be assigned to
her through the principle of neutrality.
NEW YORK, Jan. 12. That tli ap
pointment of James M. SiiIIImii ..a
American Minister to the I onilnl nil
republic was procured l icit.nit
financial Interests for their ov n omi!
was the opinion cxprsned (nda ly
Walter Vlck, cx-Receiver-'ieiieittl of
Dominican customs, at tha opening m
sion here of an Investigation Into al
legations made by Vlck againxt SullU
van. The Inquiry Is being comluiled
before Senator-elect Photon, nf fan
Francisco, appointed a fpeclal commix
sioner by the State Department to
Fitness) and Conduct Prnbed.
The testimony will be taken under
three general heads the circumstances
surrounding Sullivan's appointment, his
fitness for the position and his con
duct in office.
Mr. Vlck, the first witness, testified
that before his appointment us receiver
of customs he met William C. Beer,
who. he understood, was Identified
with the interests of the llmxo
National of Santo Domingo, and a .Mr.
Gold, said to be connected with tleer In
a fruit company, who expressed a de
sire to be appointed to the pout whiih
Vlck later obtained. These men, in Ins
opinion, did all they could to prevent
his appointment to the customs serv
ice. ' . ...
Guile In Appointment Suapertrd.
"Did they procure the appointment of
Sullivan for their own ends?" Vlck
"1 think they did," lie replied.
After the arrival of Minister Sullivan
in Santo Domingo, the witness con
tinued, he began to suspect that Theo
dore Gold and Samuel M. Jnrvis, said
to be connected with the Banco Na
tional, had had undue Interest In the
receipt of customs.
'My suspicions were first aroused."
he continued, "when they demanded
that the depository of the customs fund
be changed to the Banco National.
Then Minister Sullivan's cousin, Timo
thy Sullivan, came to the Island on a
Witness. Smym He Wna Fouled.
I learned later that he was to head
a J-0,000.000 concern to operate there."
Was he a 120.000,000 man'.'' asked
He was not. I am frank to admit
that I was fooled for some time alter
I went to Santo Domingo."
Several letters and cablegianik be
tween Secretary Bryan und Minlxter
Sullivan were produced at the hearing.
In theso Sullivan categorically denied
most of Vlck's allegations and pleaded
Ignorance of any wrongdoing In the
SCENE IN HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AT TIME OF CEREMONIES OF INAUGURATION OF GOVERNOR WITHYCOMBE
r 111 " .H- 'l q m i r-Tj rrt f ' rro-, - - -- -s i n p n i ; :
- rl?f ,;' I M:It 1 1 nv-.- If I i .-vii ; .
j. ; i i-4 W-f . . i
- Ji 11 f I
1 -' - -ii : - - --- - - -irrninf
WEST'S LAST ACT PARDON
Governor Vuits Office as Ho Rrenn,
With Clemency to Convict.
STATE CAPITOL. Salem. Or., Jan. 12.
(Special.) Governor West's last offi
cial act, as was his first, was to pardon
convict In the State Penitentiary.
Just before going Into the House
chamber toduy to attend the Inaugura
tion of his successor, the retiring Gov
ernor extended his executive clomenry
to Fritz Hunter, who had been sent up
from .Malheur County about IS months
ago for forgery.
West seemed proud of this final act
of his official career, as he commented
on it with evident satisfaction to many
of his friends.
GERMAN BASE NEAR GHENT
Four Zeppelins and Aeroplane Are
Now ar Conxt.
GENEVA, Switzerland, via London.
Jan. 12 Word has reached hera from
Frledrlchshafen, where the Zeppelin
works are situated, that the Germans
have established a base for their aerial
fighting craft near Ghent In Belgium.
Four Zeppelins of the la'rst type and
several aeroplanes have been assembled
at tho new aviation grounds. It la from
this point that the Zeppelins made their
recent raid over Calais.
HEATED AT SPEAKER'S DESK (LEFT TO RIGHT) SPEtKEH SELLn'G. K.-UOTKRiOR BEST, W. HIR THOMPSON (PRKSIDEKT Of THE SESATB),
COMBE, EX-VOIERXOR T. T. GHER A.V'D E.-GOVERJOR Z. F, MOODY.
ALBANIANS PLAN ATTACK
Rebels Place Guns In Position lo
Assault Capital City.
ATHENS, via London. Jan. IS. Tho
Albanian Insurgents, according to In
formation which has reached here,
have occupied the heiThls of RltspoL
They have placed guns In position
for use against Durazzo, the Albanian
port recently shelled by Italian forces.
and where ssad Pasha and his troops,
representing th provisional govern
tloaeiuded on l'ag
ment, are stationed. 1
I Gil 1 Q6.Q 1