Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 08, 1915, Image 1

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    TTr: " I -dm trr. rT?T7r.oxr pmnAV. JANUARY 8. 1915. PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. 1,1 V. NO. 16.837. J WXL 1 " '
Year Is Ushered In by
Violent Attack.
Advance Is Along Bzura and
Rawka From Vistula.
Battle Turning -Night Into Day Is
Watched by Newspaper Corre
spondent, Who Carries Away
Shrapnel Wound as Trophy.
fpeeisl co-respondent t.'hirago Dall
News. Mr. Btn is tne corresponani wo
. , , . 1 . . wniindtd l.v th rinloston of i
hrsonrl shell that fell near aim while h
was engared In tits work as a newspaper
man on the Eastern front.)
ZTRODOW. Jan. S. by courier to
Pctrograd. Jan. 7. The recent lull lu
the activity of tha German forces
teemed to Indicate preparation for
renewed attempt to pierce the Rut
nan lines before Warsaw, and the
fighting of the last few days shows
that this attempt is belns made on the
lines from tha Vistula south along; the
. Biura and Rawka rivers to a point
rant of the town of Rawka, which is In
German hands.
These attacks are reported thus far
to have resulted In little Bain for the
German and crest losses of men to
tiiclr fighting units.
Klahllaar la lsrrail.
The center of the fighting is west o
i'iujow, on the road from Zyrodow to
wics. Here the Germans have con
c-ntrated their best troops and have
Increased the amount of their artillery,
which now consists of ail varieties of
suns save those of the biggest caliber.
The fighting has been most Intense,
continuing: night and- day without lu-
The renewed attack began west of
Gusow on New Year's day. The tier
man trenches are east of the Rawka
r.lver and the Russian trenches crown
a rise of the ground in a winding line
above the marshy course of tho river.
The distance between the trenches Is
30 to 200 yards and the center of the
line la cut by a broad highway running
straight across the fields and bordered
by bare trees.
Attack lakers v Year's.
Behind the Russian line lie a few
deserted villages and a big factory, the
tall chimney of which remains Intact
Here and there single houses wlt"j per
forated roofs dot the flat landscape.
In the gray light of a cold and cheer
less New Year's day the Germans once
more began a desperate fight and while
the daylight lasted they maintained
shell fire, searching every point which
might screen a Russian battery or af
ford shelter to the movement of troops
or of supply trains.
This was the usual preliminary of
assault. We watched it from the regi
mental headquarters of the Bielozerski
regiment, which held the trench In the
center of the battle line. It was impos
sible to approach the trench during the
day. as the open field was swept with
bullets and the Germans were shooting
with shrapnel at transport wagons or
even at single figures.
Klrat Line Trench Reached.
Soon after dark we were able to
reach the trenches of the first line.
1'rince Volkonskl. great grandson of
the founder of this regiment, who was
Field Marshal of the Russian forces
which reached Faris In 1814, accom
panied us part of the way.
For the last half. mile of the Journey
was a deep dllcb, where bullets struck
and raised dust on cither edge. Ger
man star rockets rose and fell slowly
to light the country for miles around.
The trench was the center of tha Gu
xow position running north and south
of the highway, where is situated a
small hamlet.
The breastworks of the trenches are
six feet high. The officers. In small
underground bombproof, gave us a
hospitable welcome. The men had cut
tmall recesses in the front wall of the
trench, where they were comfortably
housed in straw with bagging in front
to keep out the cold. The trenches
were in good condition and clean for
war time.
Dead Keaaala la Treach.
In th,. loopholes rifles lay ready for
nring. One man in every foar watched,
while the other three slept.
As we walked through the trenches
w e stepped over the dead bodies of men
who liad recently fallen. Since the
war began this regiment, the usual
strength of which is 4000. has lost 550
men. with 12 officers killed, and 52
When the light swelled into day the
German artillery began shelling the
trenches. Black clouds of smoke rose
from the spots where tiic shells struck.
On our trench they used shrapnel,
which burst for the most part beyond
us in white pan's. The German infan
try continued a heavy fusillade, but
our machine gun tire, which seemed to
sweep the dust from the top of the
German trench, caused their rifle flrt
go high and the bullets hissed over
head. Two German aeroplanes swept down
the line above the Russian trenches,
but retired when chased by a Russisn
biplane. In the distance a German ob-
Bakers Say Abolishing Wasteful In
sistence on lYesh Loaves Would
Be Practical Benefit.
CHICAGO. Jan. 7. Wheat, flying
higher and higher on Its war wings
had a grotesque consequence today in
nL.n ft nnhifc Advocacy of the
formation of "state bread clubs"
throughout the city. To forestall at
i.mnti to raise the Drlce of bread a
cent a loaf, making the retail cost 6
cents Instead of 6. was the purpose
which it was said the proposed club
would effect.
-Members of the "state bread clubs.
It waa expected, would simply pledge
th.mutvM htiv bread one day old
and not insist on the article hot from
the oven- Superior health values were
asserted for day-old bread by its ad
vocates, who declared that what the
matured loaf lacked in flavor was more
than offset by ease of digestion.
Paul Schulze. an authority in the
baker trade, said the practical result
of this plan would be to abolish the
r,ra fiv.lpm. bv which bakers have
been compelled by custom to remove
from their shelves every loar mat was
.. mr.1,1 tha rfav before. When this
wasteful system was done away with.
it waa promised, an economy -would De
reached which would enable bakers to
continue the sale at S cents a loaf, un-
th war nrice of flour went sky
ward to an extent that had not yet been
looked for.
J. W. Perkins Backed for Mate Sen-
- ate From Douglas County.
i?rvirRiTi?r: rr Jan. 7. iSoeclal.)
At a mass meeting of voters held here
tonight J. W. Perkins, a local capital
ist, was indorsed for State Senator
from Dnuirlaa County to Oil the va
cancy caused by the resignation of
George Kcuner. Mr. perains is wen
known throughout the state and served
.fiat vnl.r. nf Jiirkiuin l!ountv in the
Iloiiso during the legislative session of
tan? n a ha. lived In Roseburg for
six vears and owns considerable busi
ness property here Other candidates
for State Senator from Douglas County
are Miss Kathryn Clark, of Glendale,
and George Glynn, of Sutherlin.
Miss Clark recently was annointed
State Senator from Douglas County by
Governor West, but ber appointmen
tst.r wax revoked. Tho special elec
tion will be held here on January 20
and the newly elected Senator should
reach Salem by January 25.
Improvement in Lumber Business
Marked in Shingle Branch.
ABERDEEN, Wash., Jan. 7. (Special.)
Improvement In the lumber business,
especially In the shingle branch of the
trade, was shown here this week, when
three shingle mills which have been
closed for from two to three months
The mills resuming this week were
the Wilcox Shingle Mill, South Aber
deen; the Iteming Shingle Miy, at
Markham. and the Ftearnsville Lumber
Shingle Company, at Ftearnsville,
These mills will give employment to
about 100 men who have been idle tem
The dry kiln of W Ilcox Mill was de-
troyed this afternoon In a fire which
lasted for seven hours. The damage Is
estimated at I2O0O.
Uncss of Several Months Fatal to
Mrs. Addle Plamondon Pape.
SALEM. Or, Jan. 7. (Special.) Mrs.
Addie Plamondon Pape, one of the best
known women of the city, died today
after an illness of several months. She
was the wife of Henry Tape, an em
ploye of the state printing department.
Mrs. Tape was a daughter of Mrs.
Mary A. Plamondon, now living in
Portland, and a sister of Dr. J. D. Pla
mondon. of Athena. Or. She was born
in this city August 22. 1871. She and
Mr. Pape were married 14 years ago.
Mrs. Pape was a member of St. Paul's
Episcopal Church. The funeral will be
there at 2:30 Saturday, the Rev. Mr. Gill
icportcd Holding of Rome Subjects
as Hostages Is Investigated.
ROME (via Havre). Jan. "7. (Spe
cial.) The Austrian government has
otified the Italian Foreign Office that
she is striving to ascertain whether
four Italian subjects were taken as
ostages after the capture of Belgrade,
as has been widely reported In Italy.
The Austrian Foreign Office has
given notice to the Italian Foreign Of
fice that she is prepared to remedy the
mistake, it one was made, and will of
fer reparation.
Disreputable Ixioking Package
Kicked About Springfield Streets.
SPRINGFIELD, Or.. Jan. 7. (Spe-
ial.) A package done up in soiled
cloth and bound with two garters and
shoestring kicked about the street in
front of the City Hall for half a day
nd then lay for two days among waste
papers on the Recorder's desk until it
as clamied yesterday by Jules Roseau.
Opening the package, he displayed
230 in currency and certificates of de
posit for 14S0 more and handed the
- . , I . . l
t i i
Trade With Italy and
Holland to Resume.
Complaints of United States
Remedied in Part.
Even Contraband Not to Be Held Up
if Consigned to Netherlands Mo
nopoly Other Neutrals May
Share Benefits Later.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 7. Arrange
mcnts between Ureat Britain, Italy and
The Netherlands have been completed
whereby commerce to the latter two
countries from the United States is ex
pected to undergo a minimum of moles
The steps taken by Great Britain and
announced In statements from both the
British embassy and State Department
remedy some of the complaints made
by the United States in its recent note
to Great Britain and the plans encour
aged Administration officials In the
hope that commerce with the Scandi
navian countries and other neutral na
tions would be improved.
Delays Will Be Prevented.
The statement indicated that so far
as Italy and Holland are concerned the
British government now believes the
danger of getting contraband articles
through those countries to Germany
and Austria has practically ' been re
moved. Should effective measures be
agreed on between the allies and other
neutrals of Europe, American com
merce, it Is thought by British offi
cials, will not be subject to the delays
and ' interference complained of in the
American note.
- American Minister Van Dyke at The
Hague cabled today that thp British,
French and Russian Ministers bad giv
en formal assurances that merchan
dise even of a contraband character
would not be molested on the high seas
If consigned to the recently established
Netherlands monopoly.
Naval Mores Outfook Better.
Secretary Bryan received a personal
note from Sir Cecil Sprlng-Rlce, the
British Ambassador, saying that In
asmuch as the re-exportation of roBin
and turpentine, known as "naval
stores," probably would be prohibited
by Italy and Holland, arrangements
would soon be completed whereby these
products could be shipped without dif
ficulty to those countries from the
United States.
The British Ambassador also issued
the following statement: .
Shipments for Italy in Italian
(Concluded on Pago 2.)
i Lfr '
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 43
degrees; minimum, 39 degrees.
TODAY'S Rain; southerly winds.
Massed Germans begin new move against
Warsaw. Pace 1. . i
Chance to drive wedge through German rap
lost by Britons. Page S.
Bryan promises German Ambassador to try
to stop exports or dumaums IE evidence
is rurnisnea. rase .
Germans violently assault French positions
in Argonno. .Page 2.
Formidable captain rejects aid when tor
pedoed, advising British vessels to seek
satety. rage a.
Russian Christmas is being observed. Page 1
Belgian promises pay to Americans. Page 8.
Villa to attack towns on border, saying be
will expose Americans to tire tor only
- few hours. ' Page J.
Britain relaxes restrictions on American com
merce with Italy and Holland, page .
Senator Burton opens fight on ship purchase
bill. Page 6.
House's insistence on "pork" Items again
Imperils river and harbor bill. Page o.
Federal Court holds Arizona anti-alien law
void. Page 5.
Chlcagoans organizing to eat day-old bread
as move to xorestall price increase.
Page 1.
Aggie basketball team, is in need o( good
center. Page 14.
Salt Lake City club seeks eight major league
players, page 14. - -
Coast League magnates plan eight-club
circuit in 1916. Page 14.
Corbett strong in his praise of Cowlor.
Page 14.
Pacific Northwest.
Farnum In third trial at Roseburg calls
attorney "liar. Page 6.
Edward C. Cooper. Tacoma's "man of mys'
tcry." baffles physicians. Pago tt.
' Commercial and Marine. - ,
Extreme prices bid for club wheat in coun
try rnarKets. age ltf.
Big advance in wheat at Chicago on heavy
foreign buying. Page 10.
Sterling exchange rates touch lowest point
in eight years. Page IV.
Stranger's master disproves charges of in
toxication. Page 10.
Portland and "vicinity.
Columbia prosecutor does net believe
Klerks' confession, but other -awyers say
it is true. Page 1J.
Democrat announces that 'of will . attack
"blue sky" law. Page S.
John it. Yeon unanimously ch.sen roadmas.
ter tor ear. Page Itf.
Twenty may enter race for County Comrois.
sionerMims. Page S.
Irrigation congress vill ask for state and
National aid. Page 1.
Ben Selling proposes changes in legislative
rules. Page 9.
Proposed ordinance sets S3 daily for labor
ers' wage. Page 8.
School Board's debate over Superintendent's
selection ol teacher ncated. Page lt.
School Board offers :.0,XtO for East Side
site. Page lo.
French Cabinet Approves Bill to
Make Prohibitum Permanent.
PARIS, Jan. 7. The Cabinet has ap
proved a measure for submission to
Parliament, making permanent the
prohibition on the sale of absinthe and
other similar liquors. The government
finds that the military decree forbid
ding absinthe has benefited the pop
The Cabinet has also approved a bill
which provides that no licenses shall
be issued to new establishments for
the sale of ' spirituous liquors unless
aocessory to a restaurant
Ohio Roads Ask Higher Pares.
Tni.nno. O- Jan. 7. Heads of pas
senger departments of leading railroads
tha statA nf Ohio met here today and
decided to ask the Legislature to amend
the 2-cent law 'so that the maximum
legal rate will be at least 2V4 cents a
Force of 8000 Men Is
Moving North.
Americans to Be Exposed to
Firing Only Few Hours.
Solution of Boundary Problem De-
clared to Lie in Kcmoving Pri
mary Cause by Routing
Carranza Garrisons.
EL PASO. Tex., Jan. 7. General Villa
plans to attack the Mexican border
towns opposite Naco and Douglas, Ariz..
with the 8000 troops that accompany
him north. Half this force passed
through Juarea today en route to Cabas
Grandes. whence the troops win move
overland into Sonora.
General Villa explained his plans.
which he seemed to regard as friendly
to the American Government, in a com
munication telegraphed to General
Scott, chief of staff or mo umiou
States Army, who has been waiting
here to confer with the Mexican cu.c
regarding the cessation of fighting on
the border.
Short Ungagement Promised.
General Villa believed that by driv
ing out the last Carranza garrisons on
the western border lie ivouia ob
,r,, tho cause of the controversy
. i int.miHnnal
over snooting across me
Ill his message General Villa said he
would exDOse tho resmenis ..01 ."
American towns to fire for only eight
hours or less, in which time he declare!
h -t.-niid dnivo the Carranza forces
over the line. '
It was at s "great sacrifice to nis
campaign against uarraii
ih. .ntcm seaboard that ne came
north. Villa said, in order to settle the
Arizona board difficulty.
Scott Receives Message.
The communication was received by
ncneral Scott shortly after nis epar
ture from Naco for El Paso, where he
arrived three days ago.
General Villa spent today at Chihua
hua City.
LAREDO, Tex., Jan. 7. In a battle
tr.Aav nuar Victoria, capital of the
state of Tamaulipas. Villa forces were
put to flight, leaving many dead and
wounded on tne iieia, accumiiis
stitutionalist advices in Nuevo Laredo,
Mexico. No details as to casualties
were given. Some prisoners, horses
and ammunition were said to have been
captured by the Carranza force..
Villa forces, according to the report,
(Concluded on Page 2.)
Thursday s War Moves
"MPLETE change in the situation
in the Near East may be brought
about by the Russian victory over the
Turks in the Caucasus. If the Turkish
defeat is as sweeping as has been offi
cially reported the virtual destruction
of two Turkish army corps and the re
pulse of a third the Turkish menace
against the Russians in Trans-Caucasia
has been removed. . The loss of so many
of their best-trained oSlcers and men.
it is believed here, will compel the
Turks to give up any ambition they had
of invading their enemy's territories
and force them to concentrate on the
defense of their own country.
Military men, however, are taking
even greater interest in the Russian In
vasion of Hungary through Uzsok Pasa
in the Carpathians and their rapid ad
vance on Transylvania through Buko
wina, simultaneously with their move
ment toward Cracow. These combined
operations are the most gigantic under
taken in the war.
In the meantime the Russians are
held by tho Austro-Germans in West
ern Gallcla. Field Marshal von Hlu
denburg, the German commander In
Northern Poland, can move but slowly,
because of the mud. in his offensive
operations against Warsaw.
A dispatch from Pctrograd says that
aviators have observed German artil
lery at the frontier railway stations,
which cannot be moved on account of
the softness of the roads. It has been
suggested that the Germans Intended
to use the Vistula for the transport of
their guns, but with the Russians In
possession of the northern bank this
obviously would be impossible.
Although the fighting has been in
tense at many points on the western
front, there is little or no change in
Flanders, where the llelds and roads
are under several feet of water. In
that territory only artillery has been
able to work, but in Northern France,
between Lille and Arras, there has been
some hard fighting in which trenches
have changed hands more than once.
Hard fighting continues also in Al
sace, where the French say they have
advanced a little toward Altkirch. They
apparently have got no farther along
the Cernay road from Stelnbach.
The British Admiralty now is con
vinced that the battleship Formidable
was destroyed by a German submarine.
In making this announcement in the
House of Lords the Earl of Crewe
divulged the information that the Spar
tan rule which the Admiralty promul
gated after the loss of the cruisers
Abouklr, Cressy and Hogue, that no
ship, should go. to the assistance of an
other for fear that she, too, might be
torpedoed, has been carried out. The
captain oC the Formidable, although he
knew his ship was doomed, signalled
the other ships not to stand by.
Seattle Aristocrats of Piilnuej Ave
nue Vet Known as "Ballard" Folk.
OLTMPIA, Wash., Jan. 7. (Special.)
Residents of the aristocratic Phinney
avenue section of Seattle must continue
to be listed in the telephone directory
under the Ballard exchange designa
tion, through action .taken by the Pub
lic Service Commission yesterday.
The "Ballard prefix" case, which has
been pending some months, has excited
the liveliest interest. Ballard, a humble,
but busy, mill suburb of Seattle, and
the higher-toned Phinney avenue are
in the same vicinity and are served by
the same exchange, the prefix "Ballard'
having been- chosen by the telephone
company. Phinney avenue residents
protested to the commission.
John Wagner, of Ccntraliu, Passe
Away Within Week of Wile.
CENTRALIA, Wash., Jan. 7. (Spe
cial.) John Wagner, an aged resident
of Centralia, died yesterday, within a
week of his wife's death. Mrs. Wagner
was found dead in her home in the
north end last week and it is believed
that grieving over the loss hastened
the death of the husband.
. All of Wagner's relatives live In Ger
many, from whence he and his wife
came to Centralia seven years ago.
He owned much property, the greater
part of which he leaves to a brother
in the old country. Alfred Wilson, of
Oakvllle. is named executor.
Foreign Field Offers Much to Amer
ica, Says Steel Magnate.
BUFFALO, Jan. 7. The presidents
and vice-presidents of railroad sys
tems and a number of high officials of
steel companies were the guests at a
"prosperity dinner" given by the Cham
ber of Commerce here tonight.
James A. Farrell, president of th
United States Steel Corporation, said
the opportunity for development of for
eign trade offered the best field at this
tune for increasing the country's pros
perity, but this could be secured only
by a united and aggressive policy on
the part of business interests.
New' Orleans Observes Anniversary
of Triumph Over Britons.
NEW ORLEANS, Jan. 7. A three-day
celebration of the 100th anniversary of
peace between English-speaking na
tions will begin here tomorrow on the
site of the last armed conflict between
the United States and Great Britain.
The ceremonies will be opened with
the firing of a 21-gun salute, so timed
that the last gun will boom at :20!
A. Si.. 1" years to tbe minute, accord
ing to historians, after General Jack
son finally triumphed over the British
on the. field of Chalmette.
Irrigation Men Will Re
commend No Project.
One-Mill Tax Proposed to Pro
cure Federal Co-operation.
Needs and Itesourcrs of Various
Districts Described and Dele
gates Arc Guests of i.omincr- s
cinl Club at Banquet.
9:30 A. M. Address, Y. H.
Peters, Dominion Commissioner
of Irrigation, Dominion of Can
ada. Address, Norman R. Rankin.
secretary. Western Canada Irri-
gatlon Association.
3:00 P. M. Leglslatlvo work
of Irrigation Congress. Discus
sion led by J. T. Hlnkle, chair
man, Irrigation commltteo 1913
general assembly, former secre
tary Oregon Irrigation Congress.
Delegates are invited to par
ticipate in this discussion.
Continuation of 10-lnlnuto talks
by appointed representatives of
delegations with regard to locsl
conditions und needs of their re
spective sections. Counties will
be called in tho following order:
Harney, Lake, Klumuth, Crook,
Farewell remarks Duncan
8:00 P. M. Address by Abel
Ady, president Klumath Water
Users Association.
Address, C. L. Smith, agricul
turist. O.-W. R. & N. Company.
Address, "Whut the Oregon Ag
and f
rloultural College Is Doing
Can Do to Assist Settlers on
rlgatton Projects," by W. L.
Powers, director of Irrigation.
It Is apparent that tho Irrigation
Congress now In session here will rec
ommend no particular appropriation
from cither tho state or Federal Gov
ernment for any specific Irrigation dis
trict. '
Tho almost universal sentiment -pressed
at tho scries of meetings yes
terday favored action toward general
state-wide Irrigation development In
stead of development for any particular
While delegates from Central East
ern and Northern Oregon told of the
superior qualifications of their respec
tive districts their utterances In these
particulars found no responsive thurds
among the main body of dclcgatts.
Recommendations to He l ablaaed.
This docs not mean that there is no
appreciation among the representative
of one district of the Irrigation needs
of the other districts, but that the con
gress us a whole does not proposo to
center its affections upon any. one
county or section of tho state.
It Is probable that the congress will
adopt resolutions asking for both state
nd Federal aid for irrigation pur
poses, and that tne claims or an dis
tricts represented at the meeting will
be pointed out but no recommendation
of localities will be made.
Karly Actloa Desired.
Assuming that the Federal Congress
appropriates $460,000 In accordance
with th recent recommendations Of
Secretary Lane that tho National Gov
eminent should match the expendi
tures made by the state on th Tumalo
project, Itlsprobablo that th meetings
will urg tbe importance of an early
apportionment of th money by the
Federal authorities.
Although the I-aldlaw delegate and
others in the vicinity of th Tumalo
project are Insisting that tho congre
recommend that the Federal Govern
ment's appropriation be applied to tht
(.onoluilrl on I'aae 7.)
After being closed down for
two months, the thre shingle
mills operated by the L. B. Mcne
fee Lumber'Company In th Co
lumbia River district, will start
up January IS, according to n
announcement made by th com
pany yesterday. On of the plants
Is located at Milwaukle, one on
Peninsula near University and th
other at Kalama, Wash. Th
daily capacity of the combined
plants is about l.riO.OOO shingle.
Resumption of operation at
these plunts will provide steady
employment for 150 men. Whllo
market conditions have not Im
proved materially, official of
the company bellev that a
change for tha better I due soon.
tCoaclodtd en Page 2.)
flader J25,