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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 26, 1914)
VOL. MV.- NO. 16,876.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
CHILD RULES WHITE
Uncle Woodrow Plays
Being Santa Claus.
GIFTS OF GROWNUPS WAIT
President Puts Grandniece
Before AH Others.
BIG DOLL GIVES DELIGHT
Sally McAdoo, 10 Years Old, Helps
Make Day Memorable Family
, . and Official Household Re
membered Baring Day.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 25. (Special.)
The happy laugh of a golden-haired
girl of 7, Anne Cothran. the President's
grandniece, awakened the White House
et dawn today to the enjoyment of-a
Christmas . unequalled since the time
of the Roosevelt children. Anne, as
well as everyone of the President's
family, will remember it for a long
time to come.
With her small hand tucked confid
ingly In the big one of her "Uncle
Woodrow," the little girl was ushered
Into the big library. There in one cor
ner was a tree such as few little girls
ever see, bending beneath the weight
of things dearest to the hearts of little
Doll Is Not Forgotten.
Right in the middle of the room,
propped up in a chair, was a doll al
most as big as the little girl herself
the doll that she had prayed that
Santa Claus would not forget.
Throughout the day, until it was
time for Anne to be put to bed, tired
out ' but still dreadfully excited, the
President banished from his mind all
thoughts of business. Secretary Tu
multy made a short visit to the execu
tive offices, but the President adhered
strictly to his resolve to dedicate
Christmas to the little girL
Child Too Excited to Sleep.
It required the personal efforts of
the President to induce his grandniece J
to go to sleep at all tonight. It was
not until he sat beBlde her bed and
. held her hand, telling her that Santa
would never think of visiting her If she
didn't go right off to sleep, that the
child consented to close her eyes.
Little Anne refused to leave her big
uncle all day, and the President was
kept busy for hours untying packages
for her and hearing her frank pleas
ure In every one of the multitude of
gifts she received.
Shortly before 11 o'clock Miss Mar
garet Wilson and several others of tne
family party went to church. The
President had intended going, but pre
ferred to remain and help Anne Coth
ran wind up Jumping -and whirling
Own Present Come Second.
The President did not examine any
Of the thousands of giftseent him
until after the child had finished ex
claiming over each new wonder that
was disclosed to her astonished eyes.
The President received presents from
every quarter of the globe, and of
every kind and description. He was &
lot more interested In those received
by the child.
Anne's mother is wondering how in
the world she Is ever going to get all
of the things' home, for beside the
great big doll, she was deluged witn
other dolls, dolls' beds, hair brushes
for dolls, dolls' clothes, doll houses
and furniture, miniature tea sets, and
everything she could possibly desire.
Rest of Household Remembered.
Although absorbed In Anne, the
President did not forget the others
of his family or those of his official
household. Soon after breakfast the
policeman detailed to the White House
and the employes of 'the establishment
were called In and gifts were given
Another child helped make the day
a memorable one for the President.
About 10 o'clock Sally McAdoo, 10-
year-old daughter of Secretary, of the
Treasury McAdoo, the President's
The Christmas dinner at the White
House was tonight, Anne Cothran be
ing permitted to stay and have her
dinner with the grown-ups, through
the special intercession of the Presi
CHAUFFEUR SCOLDS PRINCE
English Heir to Throne Drives Into
French Track and Is Berated.
PARIS, Dec. 25. (Special.) Accord
ing to the Crl de Paris, the Prince of
Wales, while driving his automobile
recently, met with an accident. His
automobile made an awkward skid and
ran Into a French lorrle. While the
automobile was damaged to a much
greater extent than the lorrle. the con
ductor and mechanic of the French
military, truck, who were unaware of
the identity of the Prince, treated him
to a choice selection of Parisian slang
and objurgations for his clumsiness.
The Prince laughed, but his orderly,
who was shocked, revealed the Identity
of the English heir to the throne.
The Prince gave the chauffeur 5, but
that did not quite soothe the feelings
of the Frenchman, because, in telling
the story, he says:
"As a Prince, he Is a corker, but as
AGAIN WALK FREE
WASHINGTON CONVICTS HAVE
Some of Those Who Get Gifts of
Freedom Are In Hospital or
Await "Word From Benefactors.
WALLA WALLA, Wash, Dec 25.
(Special.) A real Christmas tree with
remembrances for every convict made
Christmas a notable occasion at the
penitentiary here today. The gaily dec
orated tree was in the chapel, where
the exercises were held, and each
prisoner was given a bag of peanuts
and popcorn and an orange. In addi
tion he had his fill at a chicken dinner
and listened to a programme of aongs,
recitations and talks with band music
Convicts also . received presents of
reading matter, food, etc., from friends
and relatives all over the state, it be
ing probably the most elaborate Christ
mas ever passed at the prison.
Papers arrived last night for 14
prisoners and 12 of them have been re
leased. The others are in the hospital
or waiting to hear from .relatives who
agreed to ' Bend them money. While
there were a total of 35 paroles, par
dons and releases, most of the men
were at road camps. The list included
some final releases for men on. parole.
HARWICH FEARS ATTACK
Mayor Issues Order Directing Civil
ians How to Behave.
HARWICH, via London, Dec 25. A
poslble German attack on Harwich is
Indicated by the following notice is
sued today by the Mayor of that Eng
"Although an attack by the enemy
on Harwich fortress is not expected
at the present time and there Is no
special reason for anxiety among non
combatants. It Is considered desirable
to notify the civilian population that
in the unexpected event of belligerent
operations the members of the local
emergency committee and special con
stables will direct every one as to the
course to be pursued. All members of
the civilian population are hereby re
quired to act strictly in accordance
with such directions."
All visitors arriving at Harwich will
be required to register.
FOE FLIES OVER ENGLAND
British Airmen Fire Into and Cause
Hostile Aviator to Flee.
LONDON, Dec. 25 The War Office
issued the following tonight: '
"A hostile aeroplane was sighted to
day at 12:55. It was flying high from
east to west over Sheerness (near the
mouth of the Thames). British air
craft went up In pursuit and en'gaged
the enemy, who, after being hit three
or four times, was driven off seaward."
DOVER. Dec 25, via London. Dec
26. It Is reported here that a German
aeroplane, flying at a great height.
passed over the Medway River and
Heme Bay today. British aeroplanes
and seaplanes were out on scouting
duty for many hours.
RAIN COMES; CITY HAPPY
Regulation Winter Weather Begins
and Cold Spell Reaches End.
Portland is enjoying the kind of
Winter weather it likes rain.
Until yesterday Portland was, for 15
days. In the grip of a regular "down
East" Winter. The thermometer regis,
istered lower than the freezing point
one or more times each day ever since
the 10th of the month.
But it's all over now and the regu
lation December rain has set In. It
began to set some time Tuesday night
and continued throughout the day.
FRENCHMAN SHELLS TURKS
Ottomans Are Dispersed . by Cruiser
PARIS, Dec 25. A dispatch from
Athena to the Havas Agency under
date of December 23, which was de
layed la transmission, says:
"At 11 o'clock this morning a French
cruiser drew Into the coast of Asia
near the Dardanelles and fired 14 ehells
into a position ' occupied by Turkish
troops near Guekhi. The Turkish
troops after vainly trying to reply to
the cruiser's attack dispersed."
PEACE IS CHRISTMAS TASK
Pope Spends Day Developing Plan
to Lessen War Suffering.
ROME, Dec. 25. Pope Benedict 'de
voted the greater part of Christmas to
developing his plan for the exchange of
wounded prisoners. -
After religious service he spent some
time with relatives. He expressed great
satisfaction over the many messages he
has received, especially from America,
giving strong adherence to his efforts
to lessen the cruelties of the war and
CZAR HOLDS 357,406 FOES
Captive Slavs Ask Naturalization
and Enlistment Against Turka.
iXjMJJurs'. Dec zb. According to a
Petrograd dispatch to Reuter's Tele
gram Company, the number of German
prisoners registered is 1140 officers and
131,700 men: the number of Austrians
registered Is 316S officers and 221,400
The Slav prisoners have asked for
Russian naturalization so that they
BY ITALIAN FORCE
Move Is Made to Fore
- stall Anarchy.
TURKISH RULER LOSES HOLD
Albanian Issue May Draw
Italy Into War.
REVOLUTION IS SPREADING
Scarcity of Food Accentuates Grav
ity of Crisis Moslem Rebels
Loot and Massacre Just Out
side" Walls of City.
ROME, Dec 25. Italy today occupied
Avlona,' the Albanian seaport. - It Is
semi-offlclally announced that this ac
tion Implies no purpose on the part of
Italy to occupy Interior points, but Is
merely Intended to prevent anarchy on
the opposite coast of the Adriatic,
which la but a few hours from Italian
Several districts of Albania are In a
state of rebellion against Any author
ity, Essad Pasha, the Turkish ruler.
apparently having lost his hold on the
Italian Interests Upheld.
The seml-offic'lal announcement says
that the only object of today's occupation-
Is to cut short constant annoy
ances from open or concealed enemies.
besides upholding Italian Interests,
namely, not to allow Alvona to fall
Into the hands of any naval power.
It Is understood that the Italian gov
ernment intends to safeguard theee po-
litical, commercial and ethnographical
Interests without arrogance, but with
out weakness and also without being
distracted from the graver Issues aris
ing from the European conflict.'
State of Anarchy Prevails.
For some time the situation in Al
bania has again been grave. Several
districts have rebelled altogether
against any authority and have become
prey to the worst form of anarchy.
Conditions have been rendered more
grave by famine The scarcity of food
has been brought about through the
absolute Isolation of "Albania owing to
tho state of war existing on the
Adriatic, while Albania is bounded by
two belligerent countries, Servla and
Montenegro, which, together with Aus
tria, have absorbed all available pro
visions which Albania had stored.
The price of food has Increased 210
per cent and In addition the quality of
cereals Is bad, causing serious epi
demics. Esaad Pasha's Power Lost.
Especially in the interior discontent
reached such proportions that Essad
Concluded on Page 8.)
IT'S JUST ONE THING
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTER TATS Maximum temperature 88
decrees: minimum temperature. 82 de
jrreea. TODAY'S--Rain: -warmer: southerly winds.
Lent battle of German cruiser Emden fame,
ly fought, says conqueror. - Pace 1.
Italian trops occupy Avlona, seaport of Al
bania. Pass 1.
Japanese diet refuses increase of tnny and
is dissolved by Emperor. Page 2.
Russians report successes before Warsaw
and Cracow. Page 2.
British Christmas bas dominant military
note. Page 8.
People of Caucasia consider Turker Im
portant factor In war. - Page 8.
Strict conditions enforced at Nancy. Page B.
Natives of India now fighting in war sons
not afraid. Page S.
Austria-Hungary expects long war. Tag 1.
Paris reports heavy artillery assault nas
permitted "leap in advance" by allies.
Carrama and Villa troops engaged In out
skirts of Vera Cruz. Page 4.
President's 7-year-old grandnlees rules
White House Christmas. . Page 1.
California member to ask for greater naval
protection for Pacific Coast. Page 5.
Southern farmers aided by Rockefeller funds.
Page 6. "
Army officer says TJnlted States never yet
whipped foe worthy of steel. Page 4.
Administration's conservation programme to
meet opposition. Page 12.
Dry victory- here stirs Idaho and it may
Join prohibition states soon. Pago 12.
Dozen Washington prisoners again walk fres
with Christmas gifts In paroles or par
dons, page 1.
Two clubs for each city favored by "Hen"
Berry as interest compeller. Page 10.
Portland, sportsmen .expect 1915 to be pros
perous year for them. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Fine muslo marks religious observance of
Christmas. Page 8.
Penalty for tax delinquency problem for
legislators. Page 9.
Christmas made day of real ' rejoicing In
Portland. Page 8.
Girls take Christmas day plunge in icy
river. Page 11.
Change of wind -may bring in grain fleet
to relieve congestion on docks. Page 11.
Railroad host to homeless men at Its third
Christmas dinner. Page 11.
Police in chase shoot Walter Ashkey acci
dentally. Page 1.
Austrians and Servians fight pitched battle
here. Page 4.
ISLAND CEDED FOR GUNS
Russia Said to Have Given Sakhalin
to Japan for Heavy Weapons.
. BERLIN, Dec 25. via wireless to Say
vllle, N. T. The German official press
bureau says that Copenhagen reports
that Russia has ceded Sakhalin Island
to Japan In exchange for heavy guns.
Sakhalin lies off the east coast of
Asia and is separated from the main
land by the Gulf of Tartary. The Island
has been officially Russian since Sep
tember, 1905. By the terms of the
treaty of Portsmouth, N. H.. the south
ern half was ceded to Japan. Jt3 area,
is estimated at '29. -400 square miles.
TURKS REPORT SUCCESSES
Victory on Caucasian Front Is De
LONDON', Dec. 25. A dispatch to
Reuter's. Telegram Company from
Amsterdam gives the text of an official
communication published in Constanti
nople on the operations of the Turkish
army on the Caucasian front as follows:
''Between Oltl and Id our troops
gained a decisive victory. The battle Is
being continued with fresh successes.
We have captured 6000 prisoners. In
cluding a Colonel, and a large quantity
of ammunition and war material."
ATTER ANOTHER ON THIS RACETRACK OF LIFE.
EXPECTS LONG WAR
Capacity of Ammuni
tion Plants Doubled.
ELABORATE DEFENSES -MADE
More Than 800,000 Men Now
in Various Drill Camps.
METAL STORES GATHERED
Shortage of Saltpeter Met by Process
Known' In Germany, by "Wliicli
. If Itro Acid Is Produced
- From Other Elements.
VIENNA, Dec. 9. (Correspondence of
the Associated Press.) An early peace
Is not looked for by the Austro-Hun-garlan
government. While no official
statement to this effect has been made,
or, for that matter, would be made, the
war measures now In hand and those
contemplated indicate that a cessation
of hostilities In the near future is most
Military preparations continue to be
made throughout the dual empire. Along
many of the principal lines In Eastern
and Northern Hungary military field
works are being laid out on a large
scale, and the two principal cities of
the empire, Vienna and Budapest, are
being prepared for defense In a like
' Plana for Defense Elaborate.
To the north and east of Vienna no
fewer than nine lines of defense may
be observed, and the field works of
Budapest are even more extensive.
Some of the entrenchments, redoubts
and artillery emplacements which con
stitute these works were established
some time ago, to judge byv their set
tled appearance, but more are being
laid out. Thousands of men and a large
number of excavating machines are em
ployed in the further extension of these
In addition to establishing field works
along the railroads, the trackage of
many yards Is being enlarged and sup
plies now are being stored in such a
manner that they may be used .either
for local purposes or easily sent to a
front farther out, the various bases
supplying one another.
Cholera Camp Established.
The establishment of a large cholera
camp at Zsolna, or Silleln, as the place
is called by the Germans, Is further
proof that the Austro-Hungarian gov
ernment does not count on an early
termination of the war. The coming of
Winter has virtually eradicated cholera,
and it Is altogether unlikely that this
dread disease will reappear until the
ground Is thawed. Nevertheless, the
(Concluded on Page 3.)
POLICE IN CHASE
SHOOT WRONG MAN
NEGRO THOUGHT ROBBER. IS
PURSUED AND TAKEN.
Walter Askay on Way Homo From
Tlicater Struck by Bullet and
Is Likely to Die.
.While Detectives Swennes and Mo
loney were shooting at an alleged rob
ber who had escaped from them at 10
o'clock last night, Walter Askay, an
employe of the Meier Sz Frank store,
was struck In the neck by ay glancing
shot as he sat in a streetcar at Fifth
and Pine streets. Askay Is in a crit
ical condition at the Good Samaritan
The detectives were pursuing John
Jones, a negro, whom they had arrest
ed on a charge of throttling and rob
bing Willis Hynes, S&hi Texas street,
a few minutes before The man had
wrenched away from them on the way
to the station. Both fired at his legs
as he approached Fifth and Fine
Askay was with Miss Ethel' Rose,
1592 Gravensteln avenue, going home
from a theater. He was sitting In the
front end of a St. Johns streetcar. The
bullet struck him In the back of the
neck, ranging upwards, and lodged in
the back of his head.
Askay was taken to the Good Sa
maritan Hospital by Patrolmen Leisy
and Humphries, who were near the
spot in the police touring car at the
time of the shooting. Humphries
jumped from the car and grabbed Jones,
who was still ruhning. The police say
that Askay was in the hospital less
than five minutes after the shooting.
Detective Captain Baty, in speaking
of the accident, said that Moloney and
Swennes were Justified in shooting.
"Moloney and Swennes are two of
the best detectives on this Coast." Cap
tain Baty said. "I think the shooting
was an unavoidable accident. We have
bad so many holdups lately that they
were Justified in taking extreme means
to hold this man after arrest."
Jones was booked for robbery.
ONE OSTRICH FEEDS 1500
Fledgling Is Feature of Tf. M. C. A.
Dinner in California.
LOS ANGELES. Dec. 25. (Special.)
One baby ostrich, five months old and
weighing more than 100 pounds dressed,
was the piece de resistance at the T. M.
C. A. cafeteria Christmas dinner today,
and 1500 persons were served.
Each of the babe's drumsticks weighed
16 pounds. In cooking the bird 125
pounds of dressing was made. This
was made of 50 pounds of chestnuts, 50
pounds of butter, 25 pounds of onions,
50 pounds of bread. 25 heads of celery
and one pound of mixed spices.
A special oven six feet square was
arranged to roast the gigantic bird.
SEA FIGHT IN PROGRESS
Briton and Two Germans Believed
Engaged Off Valparaiso.
VALPARAISO, Dec. 25. A wireless
message from the Chilean torpedo gun
boat Tome reports the British cruiser
Newcastle cannonading 15 miles from
Valparaiso. It is supposed she has
engaged the German cruiser Dresden
and converted cruiser Prinz Eitel
A British squadron and Japanese
warships are known to be cruising not
far from this port.
Friday's War Moves
CHRISTMAS brought no rest to the
embattled European armies. It
found the Russians still fighting des
perately In the snows of Poland against
the fierce attacks of the German and
Austrian allies; Przemsyl still in the
grip of the Invading army; the French
making spasmodic thrusts against the
long German lines of trenches In
Northern and Northeastern France, and
the British and Belgians engaged in
almost hand-to-hand warfare against
the German trenches in West Belgium.
"In Flanders yesterday things were
generally quiet," says the German bul
letin. The French report speaks of
Intermittent artillery firing there. The
French assert they have won several
successes along the center and eastern
lines, while the Germans declare that
they have taken the second British
trenches in Belgium. Both sides assert
that they have repulsed attacks at va
rious points, which indicates that the
feeling process is under way all along
So close are the trenches of the Ger
mans and the allies at many points
that almost the only weapons used are
hand grenades, since it is impossible
for the men to expose themselves even
to so small a degree as would be nec
essary for the use of their rifles.
There have been informal truces be
tween the British and Germans for
burial of the dead between the lines.
According to a British eyewitness for
many weeks along the battle line the
dead have lain as they fell. There are
gruesome accqunts of bodies held erect
by the barbed wires and scouts crawl
ing over them at night.'
A violent revolution has broken out
in Albania against Essad Pasha, whom
Turkey established as ruler there when
the Ottoman government broke Into
the European war. Essad Pasha's pal
ace at Tirana has been pillaged and
burned. Massacres are reported. The
Italian government has landed sailors
from the warships at the principal Al
banian ports of Avlona to restore or
der and protect Europeans and the
Italian Intervention may embroil
Italy with her recent foe, Turkey, and
holds possibilities of far-reaching results.
EMDEN II DOOM
GAMELY, SAYS FOE
German's Last Battle
Fought Bow to Bow.
LATER DECK SCENE REVOLTING
Mangled and Dismembered
Sailors Strewn About Ship.
VICTOR BADLY DAMAGED
Fourteen Hundred STiots Fired at
Conqueror and Flag Is Not Low
ered ' Until Repealed Deuiuiids i
and Shots Are Sent Aboard.
(Special caH dispatch to tho New Tork
World. Copyright. 1014, hv tho Pres
Publishing- Company. Published by ar
rangement with tho World.)
COLOMBO, Ceylon (via London), Nov.
24 The Australian cruiser Sydney ar
rived here last night with her own and
the Emden's wounded and with prison
ers from the German cruiser which,
proved such a terror to commerce be
fore she was sunk by tho Sydney. From
the Sydney I got the first personal
narratives of the historic engagement
off Cocos Islands for The World.
The authorities kept the German
prisoners absolutely secluded from all
approach, and they were not seen by
any one except their guards; but It ia ;
stated that they ar in good health,
except young Prince Francis Joseph of
Hohenzollern, second son of Princo
William, head of the non-reigning
branch of the family, who, though not'
wounded, has been in a bad nervous
condition since the engagement.
Cocoa S. O. S. Is Heard.
One of the Sydney's complement, an
officer of considerable experience, fur
nished the following vivid eye-witness
account of the fight with the Emden:
"Our warship had picked up, fre
quently repeated, the wireless distress
message, S. O. S., and very faintly the
further message, 'Cocoa Islands.' When
the City of Sydney gave us a rousing
sendoff and laughingly warned us not
to dare to come back without sinking
a German cruiser, little did they or we
dream we should be the means of
bringing a German cruiser to book so
"It took some time to steam the 40
miles which separated us from tha
Cocos Islands. We were, of course,
cleared for action and our men wera
ready at a moment's notice to take up
their stations. We were taking things
easy and were having a bit of break
fast. Most of us had finished and
some were lying about on deck when
the call to stations came. There was
a general scamper, and In less than 10
seconds we were all at our posts, ready
for a scrap.
Emden Accepts Battle.
"We held straight on her. She came
steaming out to meet us, and In less
than no time we were in action. Some
say that when we first sighted the
Emden she had her false canvas funnel
up, and certainly it was hoisted when
she first' appeared off the Cocos Is
lands, for the people there declare she
had four funnels, one of which was
palpably a dummy. However, she only
had three funnels when I saw her. and
presumably she must have lowered her
(Concluded on page 2.
LARGE AREA OF TJKCUIri
VATED LAND TO BE MADE
The officers of the Gresham
Fruitgrowers" Association plan to
change hundreds of acres of un
cultivated land in Multnomah and
Clackamas counties Into pro
ductive homes, and to make
Gresham the center of a great
berry-growing and canning In
dustry. The association purchased a
block of land near the Mount
Hood Railway at Gresham, on
which a plant 100x200 feet has
been built. The promoters ex
pect to double the space in an
other year. The association is
engaged now In a campaign of
education through Eastern Mult
nomah and Clackamas counties,
with good results.
It is believed that next year
three times the present area In
berries and vegetables suitable
for canning will be cultivated in
the district tributary to this
The people of the Gresham dis
trict have taken hold of the
project and, with the Inspiration
and assistance of an expert from
the Oregon Agricultural College,
hundreds of acres now practically
waste In Multnomah and Clacka
mas counties will be producing
berries and vegetables for the
co-operative cannery, and their
owners will be receiving cash for
their produce right at home,
while employment will be af
forded to several hundred opera
tives. The railway company has
promised to afford transportation
facilities from the more remote
districts at reasonable rates.
a, chauffeur, he does not exist,
may be sent against the Turks.