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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 28, 1914)
VOL. L.IV. NO. 16,853.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
LODZ STORY VIEWED
AS STUN TO WORLD
German Loss Greatest
Since Napoleon's Days.
ARMY IS CUT OFF FROM FOOD
"We AreComputing Number of
Prisoners," Says Russian.
DECISION REPORTED NEAR
Xisorderly Retreat Is Begun by Toe
on Left Bank of Vistula, Says
1'ctro grad Berlin and Vienna
Still Claim Advantage.
' LONDON, Nov. 88. The Petrograd
correspondent of the Morning Post
says that when the full details of the
Russian victory In Poland are avail
able they will furnish a story that
will astonish the world a story tell
ing of a blow to Germany's finest
troops such as had not been dealt
since the days of Napoleon.
The Daily Mail's Petrograd corre
spondent, who, in common with other
Petrograd correspondents, hints that
there is to come still bigger news
which they are unable at this time to
transmit, says the possibility which
seemed to exist that the German forces
which escaped the enveloping move
ment east of Lodz would succeed in
breaking through near Btrykow and
joining the rest of the German forces
now appears hopeless.
German Food and Sheila Cnt Off.
This German force, adds the corre
spondent, is fighting Its way back in
the direction of the "Vistula under a
terrible artillery fire, which is causing
an appalling loss of life. The Germans
are reported to be short of both food
and of shells, as a result of being cut
off from their base.
The following statement from the
Russian general staff was made pub
lic In Petrograd Friday night, says an
early morning dispatch:
"On the left bank of the Vistula our
troops, advancing from the lower part
. of the Bzura River, - have reached
"In the center of the battle line we
captured the town of Brzezlny and the
villages in tha valley of the Mroga
River. In some places we dislodged
the Germans by bayonet attacks. Our
offensive In this region continues.
Prisoners Being Computed.
"Between Brzezlny and Glowno our
cavalry succeeded in several charges
against the German Infantry. During
the retreat of the enemy we captured
a number of field guns, some with
their teams complete. "We are com
puting the number of prisoners cap
"Among the German troops we
pushed back from Rzgow and Tuszyn
toward Brzezlny was a division of the
"Tn th region of Sgrierz and Strykow
attacked the Germans toward Lodz.
Between Sglers and Zdunska Wola
some German troops are still holding
themselves in their trenches.
"In general, between the Vistula and
the Warta, the fighting is favorable
to our arms."
, Battle Is Renewed.
A Roma dispatch says the Russiap
embassy announces that tha battle of
Lodz has been renewed with fresh
forces. Several German divisions were
annihilated and many German Generals
were killed, it adds. The German front
has been broken In several places and
a decision is imminent.
One German corps, including nearly
tO, 000 men, having surrendered, & sec
ond corps that has been cut off from
the main army in the battle of Lodz,
Russian Poland, was completely routed,
according to a Petrograd dispatch re
celved via Paris today.
Attacks Doubly Violent.
The Russian attack on the Czen-
stochowa - Cracow line has become
doubly violent, the report adds.
"The Russian commander is .much
embarrassed by the fact that wireless
apparatus, cannon and machine guns
for repulsing attacks by the Russian
aeroplanes have been mounted on the
steeples of the old Catholic church sit
uated in the center of Cracow, Galicla.'
says a semi-official statement received
tonight. The statement continues:
"To appropriate to such use hlst.orl
cal monuments which were not in
tended for any such purpose denotes on
the part of the German military au
thorlties a desire to compel the Rus
elans to bombard this Polish city, the
fortifications of which form the last
bulwarks of the Hapsburgs."
Teutons Claim Advantage.
Jerlln and Vienna dispatches eon
tinue to discredit the reports of Rus
slan victory, although no flat denial
Is made. On the other hand, both th
German and Austrian capitals are still
contending that the battle in Russian
Poland has been favorable to the Ten
ton allies, while the Austrians claim
Important victories in repulsing the
invaders in the Carpathians, the Ung
district in Hungary and in Western
Military observers in Berlin are
Earning tha German public that it may
take a long time to bring about the
success of the campaign against the
Russians In Poland, but they say th
advantage is against the Czar's forces.
who realized the seriousness of thel
(Concluded on Page t.i
report current ix livek
POOIj accepted as true.
Hole In Bottom Said to J rave Been
Patched Sufficiently to Permit
Towing to Belfast.
.. NEW YORK, Nov. 27. Passengers
arriving here today on the 6teamer
Lusitania from Liverpool say tho dred
nought Audacious, reported sunk off
the Irish coast, has been raised, and is
now in a Harlar.d & Wolff drydock at
Belfast, undergoing repairs.
According -to J. J. Spurgeon, one of
the passengers, this report is current
in Liverpool and is accepted as true.
although the same secrecy is main
tained as to salvage operations as was
the case regarding the sinking of the
battleship and the attendant rescue of
her men by the steamship Olympic
The report is that the Audacious did
not sink In the spot where she was left
by the Olympic, but that other vessels
ucceeded in drawing her into shallow
water, where the hole in her bottom
was patched sufficiently to permit her
to be towed to Belfast.
TALIANS ANGERED BY MINE
Another Explosion Kills Fishermen
and Destroys Boat.
BARI, Italy, via Rome, Nov. 27 An
other mine which had floated from Its
moorings exploded near here today, de
stroying a fishing-boat and killing four
men. The explosion of this mine, which
is said to have been one of those plant
ed in the Adriatic by Austria, has
aroused another storm of Indignation
among the Italian people along the
The Italian Government recently pro
tested to Austria concerning drifting
mines, which were endangering ship
ping. Italy received assuranceo that
there would be no repetition or this
CE AIDS IN ISOLATING CZAR
Black and Baltic Seas Ruled by
Foes, Winter Blocks in North.
BERLIN, Nov. 27. (By wireless to
London.) The official Press Bureau
announced today: .
'Russian shipping . companies at
Odessa have withdrawn their ships
from the Black Sea and the Sea of
Azov as a consequence of the Turkish
naval supremacy In those waters. A
bombardment of Odessa is feared.
Tha blockade of the harbor of LSbau
places the control of the Baltic Sea in
the hands of the Germans, while the
freezing of the harbor of Archangel
on the White Sea) severs Russian
communication with the outside world.
GERMANS SAY NO CHANGE
Prisoners Said to Have Been Taken
North of Langemarck.
BERLIN, Nov. 27 (by wireless to Lon
don.) An official announcement given
out in Berlin today says:
'English ships did not attack the
coast of Flanders again yesterday.
There have been no actual changes
along the battle front in the western
arena. To the north of Langemarck.
we have taken a group of houses and
made a number of prisoners.
"Our attack in the Argonne region
has made further progress. French at
tacks in tho neighborhood f Apremont
and to the east of St. Mihiel were re
CLERGY WANT TO BATTLE
Protest Raised to German Law,
BERLIN, via London, Nov. 27. The
Evangelical clergymen of Berlin and
its suburbs have signed a declaration
protesting against the military decree
which says that student clergymen, or
dained, or clergymen who have been
pensioned may not be called to arms.
In their protest the clergymen de
clare this decree cannot be Justified
and is an insult to them. All other
classes and professions have the honor
of being able to fight for their coun
try and they would do likewise. They
are going to petition the Reichstag
to revoke the decree.
LOXDOPf. Nov. 2H. An official Auh
trian dispatch. etit by Renter Vienna
correspondent by way of Amsterdam
ad mils that Caernowlts the capital of
the Austrian Province of Bakovrlnu,
has been evacnted by Auntrlan troops.
BKHLI.V, Not. 27 (via Wireless to
London.) When the Saxon Diet
opened the declaration . that peace
would be concluded only after the at-
talnntcnt of security against further
attacks was enthusiastically acclaimed
by all parties, including the Socialists.
ROM 10, Nov. ST. (Special.) A dis
patch from Constantinople says It Is
announced officially that the Porte has
decided to take control of all banks and
limited companies of the nationals of
the allies and confiscate and use their
revenues toward paying: the cost of
WASHINGTON, Nov. ST. Ambassa
dor Morgentb.au at Constantinople
cabled the State Department today
that the Turkish Minister of the In
terior had Klven orders to permit the
departure from Turkey of several Can
adian missionaries for whom safe con
duct had been asked by the Ylrltisb Am
I'AIIIS, Nov. 27. The Minister of
Finance and a syndicate of French
brokers have agreed on December 7 as
the date for the reopening of the
French stock exchange for cask transactions.
OF POWER OF FLEET
Churchill Says Losses
SUPERIORITY NOT IN PERIL
Nation Will Add 15 Capital
Ships in Another Year.
GERMANY BUILDING THREE
Freedom of Movement of Stronger
Power Restricted by . Submarines,
While British Divers Find No
Target to Attack.
LONDON, Nov. 27. The British gov
ernment, while regretting ' its naval
losses during the war. Is apparently in
no fear that its predominance In num
ber of fighting craft will be threatened
"Britain can lose a euperdreadnought
every month for 12 months without a
single loss to the enemy," said Win
ston Spencer Churchill, First Lord of
the Admiralty, in the House of Com
mons, today, "and yet be in as good a
position of superiority as ahe was at
the outbreak ot the war."
Marine Loss Held Dawn.
Mr. Churchill declined to discuss such
topics as the naval engagement off
Helgoland, the destruction of the Brit
ish cruisers Monmouth and Good Hope
off the coast of Chile and the British
naval expedition to Antwerp prior to
the fall of the Belgian fortress, assert
ing such discussion would be profitless
until he was able to reveal all the facts.
Instead, he went on to give a few de
tails regarding the work the British
navy waa performing.
While the Admiralty estimated that
there would be a loss of 6 per cent of
the mercantile marine in the first three
months of the war, the First Lord of
the Admiralty said, the percentage had
been only 1.9. The danger from mines
waa ona the limit of which could be dis
cerned and which could further be re
stricted and controlled. '
Submarines Lack Opportunity.
The reason Great Britain was not
able to produce results on a large scale
with submarines, Mr. Churchill went on,
was that they so seldom had any op
portunity to attack. Tht losses In sub
marines sustained by the British and
the Germans had been equal, while the
British torpedo-boat destroyers had
(Concluded on Pace 5.)
UNCLE SAM BE
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. s
degrees; minimum. 38 degree.
TODAY'S Rain; southwesterly winds.
Wireless . operator taken prisoner by
Karlsruhe tells how German cruiser took
Drizes. Pace L
Churchill tells Commons British superiority
at sea is not la danger. Page 1.
Dreadnought Audacious reported to have
ueen raised. Page 1.
Russian victory1 In Poland will astonish
world, says Petrocrad writer. Paxe 1.
Belgian General says army, though terribly
uoanuuea. is comment ot victory. Paze 2.
Shootlnr of Herman prisoners during riot
upheld by British Jury. Fag 6.
Number of starving people In Belgium In-
wcHuiK, ran o.
British loan oversubscribed- annllcants
number 100.000. Page 2.
Polncare. bestowing medal on Joffre, speaks
of war for liberation of Europe. Page 4.
Administration reserves expression on Pin-
American clan to extend neutral waters.
Thief who stole Associated Press war news
trapped and arrested. Page o.
Vllla-a forces believed to have lolned
Zapata army In Mexico City. Page 6.
Colonel Roosevelt deserts Bull Moose party
or an time, rsce l. -
Monroe doctrine-defended by ex-President
Oregon Aggies to play football gams at
raiuni-r acltlo Exposition. Fag 12.
Sheriff stands ruard . at Anderson-Evans
match at St. Helena Page 12.
Hockey team riven Initial practice. Fags 12.
Walla Walla Corn Show points way to
riches waltinr for farmers of Northwest.
Telephone Conmanv wants return of 8 per
ceni on investment. - Page 17.
Commercial and Marine.
Ton ns ire situation alone prevents boom la
oats market. Page 17.
Wheat breaks at Chicago on bearish Argen
tine estimates, page 17.
Heavy selling not feared at opening of New
x orn DOQd marKet. ma 17.
Signs of improvement In domestlo steel
trade. Pare 17.
Hope of purchasing Interned Sadonla fades.
r( is. 1
Portland and Vicinity.
Litigation to be more expensive on account
oi war tax. page IS.
George Palmer Putnam. ' of Bend, named
private secretary to Governor - elect
Wlthycombe. Page. IB.
Responses to Associated Charities call for
help are prompt. Page 11.
Multnomah delegation begins sessions on
problems or county and state. Page 4.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page IT.
BRITON'S RIGHTS UPHELD
Court-Martial Will Not Condemn
to Death in Parliament Recess.
LONDON, Nov. 27. Viscount Haldane,
the Lord Chancellor, gave an assurance
at the closing session of Parliament
today that between now and the re
assembling of Parliament no British
civilian tried by uuurt-martlal would be
deprived of his life. " The subject was
raised by Karl .Loreburn, who moved
an amendment to the defense of the
realm bill to provide that a British
born civilian charged under the act
should have the right to demand trial
by the ordinary civil court.
Viscount Haldane pointed ' out that
the amendment would kill the bill and
Karl Loreburn withdrew it on Lord
Haldane' s assurance.
CAREFUL, BOYS, DON'T TEASE
SEA FOR WAR PRIZES
VESSELS LOOTED AND SUNK
Sailor Saved From Sharks by
Use of Machine Guns.
INFORMATION IS ACCURATE
Officer of German Cruiser Knows
Destination of Steamship Sent
to Obtain Meat Supplies for
Troops in . France.
BT JOHM ASHBROOK.
The writer of this article, first published
by the New York World, was a wireless
operator on board the BrltlPh steamer High
land Hope, one of the prises of the German
cruiser Karlsruhe. For six weeks he waa a
prisouer on board tne jvarisrune ana saw u
ships captured, nearly all of them being
sunk. His notes, covering his observations.
are reprinted by arrangement witn me
NEW YORK, Nov. 22. When the
Highland Hope sailed from Liverpool
September 1, there was much specula
tion as to our real destination. It was
no secret that we were going to get
supplies for the army in France, but
where we were to get them, and how,
nobody could guess.
However, we made a course in the
general direction of Buenos Ayres. and
on September 14, after a placid voyage,
we were in the South Atlantic, about
200 miles off the coast of Brazil.
Daylight Keveuls Warship.
About 1 o'clock in the mldwatch
that morning the lookouts sighted a
dark ship on our starboard beam. We,
incidentally, were going happily and
unsuspiciously along with all our
usual running lights. This mysteri
ous stranger kept easily abreast of us.
Just far enough away to keep us from
making out anything about him, until
about 4 in the morning, when day be
gan to break.
Then the stranger closed in on us
and we. could make out his Outlines.
They weren't at all comforting. He
was flying no flag of any description,
but he had four funnels, was painted
smoke gray and was plainly a war
ship. We cherished a 'sort of forlorn
hope that he was the British cruiser
Glasgow, but nobody was willing to
bet on It.
Then he made the International sig
nal to stop. Captain Thompson lg-
(Concluded on Pag6 13.)
Friday's War Moves
WHILE Petrograd correspondents
continue to declare the Russians
have, won a great victory over the
Germans in Poland, official confirma
tion of their statements still is lack
ing. Although Russian headquarters
say the advantage in the fighting still
lies with their troops, Berlin declares
that no decisive battle has been
fought. Some of the German news
papers claim a success for their armies.
The silence of Grand Duke Nicholas,
the Russian Commander-in-Chief in
the East, as to the progress of the
battle in Poland Is causing some un
favorable comment in Russia. Advices
received from Petrograd say there is a
feeling there that perhaps the asser
tions of tha newspapers of a Russian
success have been exaggerated.
In the Western war zone compara
tive quiet prevailed. No reports of
heavy fighting have been recorded here
in several days, although there have
been Intermittent artillery duels and
at various places small Infantry en
counters. Snow has interferred with the fight
ing in Servia, where the Austrians are
making a supreme effort to rid them
selves of their difficulties.
The Roumanian Parliament will meet
tomorrow and the future course of
action of this kingdom will be de
cided. It is Bald that Roumanla is
prepared to cede to Bulgaria some of
the territory which she secured after
the second Balkan war at tho ex
pense of her neighbor. This may mean
that Bulgaria Is about to take her
stand by the side of the allies and In
return be permitted to straighten out
her boundaries and take more of tha
country inhabited by her nationals.
In addition to a contingent of 21,000
men who are already in England, It Is
announced that Australia has raised a
second contingent of 19,000 men.
The British Admiralty announces
that the collier Khartoum has been
blown up by a mine off Grimsby, Eng
land. Her crew was saved.
Lloyds reports that in addition to the
British steamer Malachite, the sinking
of which off Havre had been previously
announced, a German submarine has
sent to the bottom off Havre the British
WAR TAX LAW EXPLAINED
Revenue Board Seeks to Avoid As
WASHINGTON, " Nov. 27. Officials
of the . Internal Revenue Board have
sent out thousands of explanatory cir
culars recently, hoping to clear tbs un
derstanding of those subject to the war
tax and avoid the Imposition of penal
ties for failure to make returns dis
closing liability. The force In the of
fice of the InternarRevenur Commis
sioner spent a large part of Thanks
giving day sending out the explana
tory circulars containing many of the
Interpretative rulings of the Commis
sion.. Returns of liability must be made
to district collectors of Internal reve
nue before December 1. The bureau
here, however, has no definite infor
mation to show whether the returns
so far are disappointing or beyond the
hopes of the framers of the law. Pen
alties range from 50 to 100 per cent
of the unpaid tax.
THREE BRITISH SHIPS SUNK
German Submarine Gets Two Near
Havre, Mine Another at Grimsby.
LONDON, Nov. 27. Two British
steamships were sunk yesterday oil
Havre by German submarines, and one
was blown up by a mine off Grimsby.
All the crews were saved.
The two vessels reported by Lloyds
to have been the victims of submarines
were the Malachite, a small steamer of
718 tons, and the Primo, of 1366 tons.
The mine victim was the collier Khar
toum, of 9310 tons. Her fate was con
firmed by the Admiralty.
Lloyds' report indicates that Ger
many's submarines have performed one
of their most daring feats. This is the
first occasion on which their activities
have been reported in these waters. Ap
parently they made their way through
the Straits of Dover to a point more
than 150 miles from their nearest base.
CONVICT DEMANDS WAGES
State Laws Authorizing Sale
Labor Involved in Suit.
PROVIDENCE, U. I., Nov. 27 Argu
ments on the constitutionality of the
law authorizing the, state to make con.
tracts selling the labor of prisoners
without compensating them were heard
today before the Rhode Island Supreme
On the ground that such enforced
servitude on the part of a prisoner is
slavery and that the state constitution
prohibits slavery without making an
exception against convicts, the Na
tional committee on prisons and prison
labor is pressing the suit of William
Anderson, an ex-convlct, against a
garment company which holds a con
tract with the state for the labor of
80 MOTORISTS ARRESTED
Number Taken in One Night on
Charges of Various Violations.
Eighty automobile owners or drivers
were arrested last night under orders
of Captain Circle und charges of viola
tion of the state, motor vehicle law
were lodged asainst them.
The munk-lpal courtroom this morn
ing will be crowded with the defend
ants, who will be arraigned when court
convenes. They were all released on
their own recognizance.
The offenses include improper display
of lights, driving on the wrons side
of tlie t-rcet, lack of license or im
proper display of the tag and other
alleged violations catalogued.
BULL MOOSE PARTY
Roosevelt Won't Attend
POLITICS NOT YET FORSAKEN
Ex-President Now Quits His
PERKINS, FLINN CLASSED
Xo Love Lost Between Oyster Bay
Man and Millionaires 'XVlit
Subscribed Liberally for
19 1C Campaign.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Nov. 27. Colonel Theodore
Roosevelt is through with the Bull
Moose party. He is sportsman enough
to know a dead moose when ho sees
one. and he is politician enough to
know a dead party when ho is an eye
witness to the slaughter.
That the Colonel is out of politics,
however, is not to bo believed. In due
time he will turn up in some new role,
but how or when he will ro-enter the
political arena no one yet knows.
Colonel Ignores Conference.
When George W. Perkins and a few
of tho other officials of the Progres
sive party determined, after the elec
tion November 3, to hold a conference
of Progressive party leaders at Chi-
iago on December 2. to determine
whether or not an effort should be
made to maintain the integrity of the
Progressive party, ColAniel Roosevelt
announced that he would not attend
that conference. That was the first
indication that he Is through with the
party for which he alone la responsible.
More recently, however, the Colonel
has been talking privately to some of
his most Intimate friends, and bits of
his talk are leaking out, notwithstand
ing he spoke confidentially. To these,
friends Colonel Roosevelt has said
plainly and emphatically that the third
party is dead, and he has said with
equal emphasis that ho is through
with it, and through with some of the
men who aided him in his effort to
keep the party alive. In spite of the
wholesale desertions that have taken
place since 1912.
-Lanatlc Friends" Deserted.
Perhaps the most Interesting com
ment the Colonel has made, so far as
Is known publicly, was his assertion
to one friend that he knew the Pro
gressives had no show in the recent
campaign when he took the stump in
their behalf, but ho weut into the fight
this year, so he explained, because the
men who had supported him in 1912
demanded that he discharge his obliga
tion to them.
"But I am through with my lunatic
friends," added the Colonel, bis refer
ence being to those Bull Moosers whom
he supported In the campaign this
year, even though he was coavlnced
they were one and all making losing
Plnehot Anions; "Has Beens."
"Lunatic friends" seems to express
the Colonel's estimate of men like
Glfford Plnehot, who thought he had a
chance of being elected Senator In
Pennsylvania, and ex-Senator Bever
ldge, of Indiana, who thought he could
be returned to the Senate from his
state, but it also apparently Is the
Colonel's estimate of George W. Per
kins and Bill Fllnn, who joined In in
sisting that the Colonel make the fight
for Plnehot and Beverldge, and for
others, and who also demanded that
he support a distinctive third party
ticket in his own state. New York.
Between the Colonel and George W.
Perkins there is no love lost; now that
the Bull Moose party has gone on the
rocks, the Colonel finds nothing to ad
mire in Boss Fllnn, of Pennsylvania,
who possesses all the evils charged
against Penrose, and lacks the ability
of the Senator who so overwhelmingly
Perkins and Fllnn Distrusted.
Both Perkins and Fllnn were essen
tial to the Progressive party in 1911.
for the party needed financial support,
and those two millionaires contributed
most of the money that went into tha
third party war chest in that cam
paign. But their Identification with
the party management was one big
cause for distrust of tho Progressive
organization. They were what the
Colonel was pleased to call "practical
men," and from a practical standpoint
they were necessary adjuncts of the
new party, for no one knows better
than the Colonel that a political cam
paign cannot be waged without finan
cial support, and he himself was not
rich enough to finance a new party
All Conversation Private.
At no time since November 3 has
Colonel Roosevelt mado any direct pub
lic comment on the result of the elec
tion and what comment he has made
on the defeat or Plnehot, of Beverldge.
of Murdock. of Davenport and of others
whom he supported on the stump has
been made privately. But in private
conversation the Colonel has admitted
ho expected the results that developed
on tho 3d of this month. He admit;;
his conviotlon that he and they were
making a futile fight; he admits that
the Progressive party, especially In
the Important states, has dwindled to
a point where it cannot elect its can
didates and cannot, in theso states,
(Concluded uu Page S.)