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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LI V. NO. 16,835.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ALL ALONG LINE
Germans Hurl Great Army
Against Flanders Front.
BRITISH FORCE DECIMATED
Attacks From Ypres to Lys
Even More Violent Than.
Those Nearer Coast.
FRESH CORPS IN ACTION
From Sea to Vosges Intensity
of Struggle Exceeds AH
. Events of War.
PARIS, NOV. 9. A general battle
has been proceeding along the whole
front from the sea to the Vosges
Mountains for the past three days
without the Germans having been able
to find a weak spot in the French
However, it Still is in Flanders that I
interest in the formidable and seem-
... .... I
ingiy iniermmaoiB uuiLie centers. -Lnes2
fifirmftns fl.rA trmpfrtrtitrtr them all
the men they Can get and Ceaselessly I
are hurling them against the allies' I
lines. Never has this method been
directed With as much tenacity and
fury as now. .
British Lines Thinned.
The attacks on the line from Ypres
to the Lys are more violent even than
those directed against the coast road
and the passages of the Yser.
T. J- at. "o - : ,1- i i J i. 1 i.
" "" 1J""ou ucal uiu.uu
of these onslaughts. In many places I
their lines have become so thin, says
- CC' 1 1 1 - 11 i " i
an oiiicer wuo juas ueen in mat region
the past fortnight, that only by show-
ing obstinacy worthy of the tradi
tions of "Waterloo are they able to
hold their ground.
Loss of Officers Terrible.
Their losses in officers have been
terrible. One battalion of foot
Ruards went into action commanded
tain cavalry regiments nave lost nail
their effective strength.
Occasionally, according to this of
ficer, the Germans by surprise cap
ture some of their trenches, but by
vigorous counter attacks the British
not only regain these, but win fresh
The Indian troops continue to bear
themselves magnificently, despite
enormous losses. They have proved
themselves tha ennui of nnv ntW
. l. m. jj j- it, i
"""f"! uul" " UCJ-c"ui"S weuuuea
or in attacking positions.
German Casualties Enormous.
Compared with the German losses,
11U UiiiUCi tuuwuucs, muse uj. me
allies appear almost insignificant.
After nie-ht attacks 600 dead, h savs
- j v o , 1
ouen aIB J-ouiIU ueiu bingie auies
trench. Eecently, according to this!
nffiner: n -Rrltiah Wral,' nU 0
Herman ongade in close iormation
and slaughtered 4000 of its men in a
The fight rages with the greatest
intensity south of Ypres on the Manin
road, the Ypres Canal, the Lys and
the plateau crossed by the road from
Ypres to Armentieres. Here the of
fensive by the allies has been met by
violent counter attacks delivered by
a German active army corps just
brought from Flanders, supported bv
the concentrated fire of a great body
of massed batteries.
Allies Said to Advance.
The Germans &o far are said to have
achieved nothing more than tempo
rary checks, and it is claimed that
6lowly butsuxely the allies creep for
In Artois, Pas-de-Calais,- the most
important engagements are being
fought on the plains of Lens. The
... .. , ,
Germans are assailing particularly
the village of Cambnn, on the road
from La Bassee to Bethune. It is
even leyuiieu tnau ub muut iuwu is
n(!n otlonl-c -o "hoi-,, Ai.
jrected against AlX-Ie-M OUlette, a Vll-
(concluded on Fag 2.)
ROTTERDAM. Tim London, Nov. O.
According; to the Coarant'a correspond
ent, great bodies of German troops are
being; withdrawn from BelKlum for nse
agalmt the Russians. One correspond
ent sayst "Many trains carrying; cav
alry, Infantry and artillery, have left
Brussels and Louvain for Germany,
with the cars marked In chalk to
PETROGRAD, via London, Nov.
The Bourse Gasette's Warsaw corres
pondent says that 21 persons have died
hospitals there during; the last few
days from wounds received from Ger
man bombs dropped from aeroplanes.
LONDON, Nov. 8. The Bmlajarlan
Minister of War has submitted to the
Sobranje a request for an extraordi
nary credit of 94500,000 to cover ex
penditures for the army, according; to
a dispatch from the .Sofia correspond
ent of Renter's Telegram Company.
ABERDEEN. Scotland, Nov. 8, via
London. Winston Spencer Churchill,
First Lord of the Admiralty, has been
elected lord rector of Aberdeen Uni
versity In succession to Andrew Car-
AMSTERDAM, Nov. 8, via London.
The Frankfurter Zeltnng learns from
Constantinople that the Russian Black
Sea fleet yesterday left Sebastapool,
proceeding In an easterly direction. Two
Turkish submarines cruised In the
Agcu Sea, later returning to Constan
tinople without having; sighted any hos
CONSTANTINOPLE, Nov. 8, via Lon
don. The Turkish general staff reports
the following;: "A Turkish motorboat
cruising In Shat-cl-Arab encountered a
British gunboat, with which It ex
changed shots, causing an explosion on
the gunboat. Tbe Turkish shells set
afire a petroleum tank - at A bo -Than.
The Turkish boat returned to Basra un
PARIS, Nov. 8v (Special.) The work
of destruction In Arras continues. The
cathedral has been badly damaged and
many civilians have been killed In their
DKruincBi me inciii iei ax me race ox
BERLTX. IVav. H i vf ft T.nnrlrn t4n,
eral von ICluck has published an order
h "y embodying the Emperor's
m V"1? and d
state of the army and the spirit of the
troops in the battles along the Alsne
ADMIRAL'S SON BENEDICT
Philadelphia Girl Is Bride of Cecil
PHIADELPHIA. Nov. 3. Admiral
Arbuthnot Fisher, the new first sea
or r ,tn Admiralty, is the
on November 22. 1910, married Miaa
Jane B. Morgan, daughter of Randal
Morgan, vice-president of the United
Gas Improvement Company, of Phila
Lord Fisher was present at the wed
ding, which was held in St. Paul's
Protestant Episcopal Church. Chestnut
Hill. Mr. and Mrs. Fisher went
abroad immediately after the wedding
and are now living at their town-
house, Kllverstone. Xhetford, England.
Cecil vavasseur jrisner is the oldest
Rnn tit Lord Fisher, and in A(t vn rn
old. Ha joini the Indian civil serv
Ice lnl890, and served in Bengal, retir
ing in 1906.
LOSS SMALL, SAYS BERLIN
German Report Declares . Cradock's
Fleet Was Annihilated.
LONDON, Nov. 8. A wireless dls
patch received here by the Marconi
Wireless Telegraph Company from Ber
"Admiral Craddock's fleet has been
I annihilated in the Pacific by the Ger
mans. The losses on our side amount
ed to only a few wounded and the
damage to our ships was insignlfican
"This engagement was in striking
contrast to the British vessels 'coast
I "On the recommendation of the com
mander of the cruiser Karlsruhe Em
1 peror William has conferred the Order
ot th6 Iron Crosa on tne commander and
all the officers, warrant officers and
60 non-commissioned officers ana mem
I bers of the crew of that cruiser,
SERVIAN POSITION LOS
I Vienna Says Kostajnik, Believed
Impregnable, Has Fallen.
VIENNA, Nov. 8, via Amsterdam and
London. The following official state
ment was issued today:
"In the southwestern war theater the
battle on the whole front yesterday
continued with undiminished force. In
spite of the obstinate resistance of the
enemy, entrenchment after entrench-
5 o'clock this morning one of the
strongest points. Kostajnik, which the
Servians believed unconquerable, was
stormed by our troops.
"The number of prisoners and cap
tured guns is not known."
PRAISE IS GIVEN RUSSIA
Kitchener Sends Congratulations on
Victories in East.
- petrograd, Nov. 8. via London.
Grand Duke Nicholas has received from
Ear, Kitchener, the British Secretary
of State .for War, a telegram convey
i?,shconJr,atlatl0"8 of hlmself and
leld Marshal French and the British
I army on the brilliant termination ot
I the second stage of the Russian oper
atlons. Earl Kitchener adds:
-We are convinced that the Joint ef
forts of the allies will result in th
final crushing defeat of the enemy.1
ALLIES ASK JAPAN
FOR HELP IN WEST
Free-Hand in China Of-
fered as Inducement.
RMY OF 200,000 WANTED
Younger Statesmen Jubilant,
Elders Are Dubious.
RANSP0RT PROBLEM BIG
Movement of Great Force Over Sin
gle-Track Railroad in Dead of
Siberian Winter Would Re
quire Until Spring.
PEKIN, Nov. 8. (Special.) Inticlng
offers have been made to japan Dy
gents of the allies in China to In
duce the Mikado to throw 200.000 of
his seasoned troops into the European
cene of war.
Following the fall of Tslng-Tau,
which releases Japanese troops and
warships and removes any German
menace to Japan's prestige in the
Orient, the allies are exerting every
effort to bring Japan into the western
conflict. A guarantee of a freer hand
n the .affairs of China is said here to
be the price offered for the Japanese
troops. The younger statesmen are
aid to have received the proffer with
enthusiasm, but the more conservative
Effect on China Problematical.
The effect of such a move on the
status of Tslng-Tau is problematical.
Japan has insisted that her only inten
tion is to restore the territory to
China, but this, it is learned, will be
done only under a rigid agreement
that China shall cede no more territory
to any European power. Failing in
this understanding from -China. Japan
will proclaim her title to Tsing-Tau
Japan's announcement following the
fall of Tsing-Tau made no admission
of British Influence in the future of
the province. - .
To carry 200.000 troops to the Rus
sian battlefront by way of the trans
Siberian Railroad, Japan would have
to perforin the herculean task of trans
porting them nearly 800 miles across
the Sea of Japan to Vladlvostock and
more than SS00 miles over a single
track railroad. This movement would
have to be made in the dead of the
Siberian Winter and would require
at least until the late Spring to ac
complish. British white and Indian troops.
which aided in the siege of Tsing-Tau.
are to be put in action in Egypt and
about the Suez Canal against the Turks.
Panama Canal Route Possible.
To reach France the Japanese would
have to use tbe Panama Canal, as she
has a right, for transporting soldiers
or warships under the treaty. Japa
nese naval operations in the Pacific
have been veiled with mystery and ber
Concluded on Page 4.)
j, . t
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTER DAY'S Maximum temperature, 46
degrees; minimum, 41 degrees.
TODAY'S Unsettled and threatening; south
Villa's troops take up positions to besiege
Naco, Sonora. Page S.
Allies offer Inducements to Japan to send
200,000 troops against foes in Europe.
Battle seethes along entire line in Belgium
and France. Page 1.
Russians cross Prussian frontier. Page 1.
German Prince says be saw no dum-dums.
Kitchener predicts three-year -war and
Britain accepts view. Page 1.
Closing of universities . to present enemies,
especially Japanese, after war is over,
discussed pro and con In Germany.
3.000,000 Teutons ready to meet Russians,
says Berlin. Page 8.
Plea is made to all United States to help
relieve Belgians. Page 6.
Former German, who swore allegiance to
United States when taken prisoner
Confederate In 1S63, claims American
protection in London. Page 2.
Tale of Pont-a-Mousson is typical of war.
Page 2. -
Both Russians and Germans lay wests to
crops in embattled areas. Page 2.
Bavarians constant source of surprise to Ger
man comrades. Page '3.
German gunboat Geler and steam schooner
LocKiun interned in narnor ol nonoiuiu.
Turks bombard Russian fort In Black sea.
President expected to reward t defeated Dem
ocrats. Page 12.
Babv-savinsr day observed as preliminary to
convention on prevention ot iniant mor
tality. Page G.
Oakland. Cat., police guard against tong
war after report of attack In Portiana.
Rhode Island is eleventh state to be Quaran
tined over livestock epidemic. Page o.
Hoopsklrt is latest decree of fashlon.Fage 4.
Desert classic for speed kings opens today
at Los Angeles. Page 10.
Minor league heads gather at Omaha for
history-making session, rage i.
Northwest football teams In close race for
title. Page 10.
Portland's new Ice skating rink opens to
night. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Senator Chamberlain extols President In
Church address, page 8.
Twelve vessels pass mouth of Columbia-
New films at moving-picture theaters are
delightful. Page 14.
Portland having but two wet New Years'
eve orgies left, grill reservations already
are made, fage .
Auto driver crashes into streetcar to save
woman. Page 8.
Evan Williams. " American -Welsh tenor,
charms in concert at Helllg Theater.
Final week of Land Products Show to be
replete with attractions. Page 14.
Louis E. Jackson, sentenced as thief, com
piles dictionary of crooks jargon.
Baker players make big hit with "Maggie
Pepper." Page 14.
EdIc of youth and age. depicted In "Mile
stones," charms Heillg audience. Page 9.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page, IX.
WOE JAPAN! SAYS GERMAN
Mills Will Grind Slowly, but Mo
merit of Joy Is Predicted.
AMSTERDAM, via London, Nov. g.
The Berlin Lokal Anzeiger, comment
ing on the German defeat at Tsing
"Germans will never forget the
heroic fighting at Kiau-Chau and those
who defended the colony. Never shall
we forget the brutal violence of the
yellow robbers nor England, who insti
gated them. We know that we can
not settle our account with Japan at
present. For years she will enjoy her
"Our mills will grind slowly, but
even if years should pass before the
right moment comes at last, then a
shout of Joy will resound through Ger
many. Woe to you, Nippon!"
SUCH A BURDEN CARRIED BT MORTAL MAN.
OH THREE-YEAR WAR
Britain Accepts View,
NAVAL ACTION IS DEMANDED
Uneasy Nation Nags Con
stantly at Mr. Churchill.
ALIEN RESIDENTS HARRIED
Even Conan Doyle's Appeal for
Those Former Aliens Who Are
Fathers of English Boys at
Front Fails to Soften Views.
BY FREDERICK WILLIAM WILE.
(Special correspondence of the Chicago
Tribune. Publlsned by arrangement wnn
LONDON, Oct. 24. Lord Kitchener, to
whom every Englishman now looks
up as the savior of the country, believes
the war will last three years. He said
that privately this week. His observa
tions were repeated to me by an unim
"K. of K.." whatever some of his com
placent countrymen think about the
task of beating the Germans, Is under
no delusions as to Us magnitude. He
looks upon it as a struggle which will
strain the resources of the empire as
they never were strained before. He
harbors no misgivings as to the final
German Machine Kot Underestimated
The Kaiser must and will bite the
dust, but the man who licked the
"fuzzy-wuzzies" in the Sudan, whipped
the Boers and hammered the Indian
army into shape knows that the ter
ribly efficient organism called the Ger
man war machine cannot be demolished
without a mighty effort- How mighty
it must be is indicated by Kitchener's
belief that fighting will still be going
on in 1917.
.Neutral observers like John T. Mc
Cutcheon. freshly returned from Ger
many, all emphasize the magnificent
calm and overwhelming orderliness with
which tbe Kaiser's people are waging
the great fight. I am sure John T.
J will take home with him no less In
delible an impression of the marvelous
sang froid with which John Bull is
girding for the fray.
Feeling Not Manifest on Surface.
.When I looked at things casually in
London I thought there was an atmos
phere of awful complacency, of fatal
unrealization of the gravity of the situ
ation. I was mistaken. I had forgotten
that the Englishman feels deeply with
out making a fuss about it and doesn't
"enthuse" as easily or noisily as we
Americans do. He never hustles in
peace, so we mustn't expect him to get
any indecorous "move on" in war.
The essential fact is that he is mov
ing moving in his own not very
methodical way, but along lines wibch
(Concluded on Page 9.)
Sunday's War Moves
THE German and Austrian armies
are on the defensive, both in the
east and west. They have, at least
for the present, given up their efforts
to break through the allied lines
around Ypres, in Belgium, where the
British and French have taken the of
fensive, and, according to the reports
from French headquarters, have begun
to advance, and in the east they have
fallen back to and over their own fron
tiers in East Prussia, and in Poland
have crossed the border, while the
Russian cavalry has penetrated Silesia,
to the north of Kalisz, and cut the
The Russians also are following up
their advantage in Galicla, and. it is
said, have succeeded in cutting the re-
biuu, nave succeeded in cutting tne I e- j
treating Austrians off from Cracow,
and the German army is retiring
through Poland. In fact at only one
point on the two battle fronts do the
Germans assert they have won. That
is to the west of the Argonne region,
where the German Emperor's forces
have succeeded in taking from the
French an important height near
Elsewhere the French troops have
made progress and retaken the posi
tions which they had lost in the course
of the week. This Is notably so in the
Aisne Valley around Soissons, where
they have regained the ground which
the Germans by fierce assaults had
taken from them.
The Belgians, who are holding the
line reaching to the coast, have also
made progress, and - it would thus
seem that the Germans are still wait
ing for additional reinforcements be
fore renewing their attempt to smash
through to the French seaports.
The fighting was carried on yester
day in a fog, which interfered with the
work of the airmen, and likewise with
While the reports of the allies' of
fensive in the west have given hope
In London that the Germans will fall
back to a line farther removed from
the sea. not all uneasiness has passed,
for they have previously shown won
derful recuperative powers. The pres
ence of the Russians in East Prussia
and Silesia, however, although the lat
ter are only cavalry, it is believed,
will prevent the Germans from fending
any more troops to the west, if it does
not compel them to withdraw some of
their troops from the front.
"The roads in Russia are hardening
with the frost, and armies can now be
moved more quickly, although the Rus
sians do not possess the strategic rail
ways that the Germans do. Silesia,
too. with better going for the horses,
offers an excellent field for the use of
cavalry, in which Russia has proved
herself superior, both in numbers and
efficiency, to the other nations at war.
The Cossacks are regaining the reputa
tion they lost In Manchuria, and the
raid they have already made into
Silesia, it is expected, will be repeated
The Austrians have apparently sent
stronger forces against Servia and
have driven the Serbs out of Slavonia.
Of what is going on in Bosnia, which
the Servians and Montenegrins invaded
almost to the capital, Sarajevo, nothing
has been disclosed for weeks, but the
operations against their northern
border must have had an effect on the
Servian plans in Bosnia.
Nothing of first moment has oc
curred up to the present in the Near
East, but Turkey is being attacked in
isolated spots by the Russians and
British, and the Turks are apparently
coming close to war with Greece, the
situation having been aggravated by
the sinking of a Greek steamer by the
Turks and the threatening of Greeks
In Asia minor. Neither Bulgaria nor
Roumania has made any move as yet.
The Union defense forces continue
to round up the rebels in South Africa.
Those in the northern part of Cape
Province, which have been a worry to
the government, have been completely
broken up, while those in Transvaal,
where another 400 have been captured,
In Orange Free State, however, sev
eral small commands are showing ac
tivity and have been looting towns and
FRENCH " TOOL IS SHIELD
Canadian Troops Introduce
Novelty to Englishmen.
BASINGSTOKE. England, Oct. 14.
(Correspondence of the Associated
Press.) Canadian troops arriving at
Salisbury Plain carry an entrenching
tool that Is novel to the Englishman.
It is capable of being used as a shteld
and Is slung across their shoulders
In a leather case. The tool is a spade
weighing about four pounds, and con
sequently can be carried at all times.
Tbe spade has an oval hole in the
center of It, through which a gun
bacrel can be thrust. The tool thus
serves both as a rifle rest and a shield
to the soldier In tne trenches.
AH the spades have been subjected
to heavy fire and tne metal In them
Is practically bullet-proof. At a dis
tance of 200 yards heavy ammunition
only cracks the shields and does not
BLOCKADE RUN BY GERMAN
Steamer Slips Through British Guard
and Enters Xew York Harbor.
NEW TORK. Nov. 8. The third or
German merchant vessels to run the
British cruiser blockade at the en
trance to New York harbor, the Ger
man iron full-rigged ship Indra,
reached this port today and anchored
safely in the upper bay.
On June 11 she set sail from Taltal,
Chile, for Dunkirk, France, and had
been on the high seas continuously
until, under tow of a tug which this
morning picked her up south of the
Scotland lightship, she entered port.
dodging the British guard outside.
Germans Dislodged in
Region of Wirballen.
ADVANCE IS AMAZINGLY RAPID
Rear Guard of Retiring Army
Pressed at Lyck.
TEUTONS IN GOOD ORDER
Czar Credited With Plan to Break
fp Austria-Hungary and Estab
lish Russian Capital at His- 1
PETROGRAD, Nov. 8. The official
statement was issued from general
"On the Eastern Prussian frontier
our troops have dislodged the Germans
from the region of Wirballen. which
was strongly fortified, and have
progressed as far as Stalluponen (16
miles east-northeast of Gumbien). In
the region of Rominten forest and
Lyck our troops continue to press on
the heels of the rear guards of the
Cavalry Penetrates Germany.
"On the left bank of the Vistula our
cavalry has penetrated German terri
tory, damaging the railway near
Pleachen station, to the northwest of
"On the road to Cracow, on Novem
ber 6, we attacked the Austrian rear
guards along the Nida River, and the
next day were operating on the River
"In Galicla our troops are continuing
their offensive movement. In the lat-
est engagements on the San River we
captured 125 officers and 12,000 sol-.
diers, as well as rapld-firers and muni
tions of war. South of Przemysl, on
November 6, we took more than 1000
Rapidity of Advance Amazing.
The rapidity of the movement on the
battlefields in Poland have been un
equaled since the days of Napoleon.
Deducting the time spent in actual
fighting the Russian pursuit has been
pressed for more than a week at a rate
averaging 14 miles a day over the '
Polish roads, which are heavy after the
There is believed to be no doubt that
the Germans in their retreat passed
Czenstochowa without stopping. The
troops of this column, which apparently
were marching in good order, were
probably the first line of the German
divisions extricated from the dis
astrous fighting in Poland at the cost
of the reserve troops and the allied
Germans Saving: Best Troops.
Similar tactics seem to have been em
ployed on other points, with the object
of preserving the best troops. This
would appear to indicate that the Ger
mans have given up their Russian ad
venture and will once more concen
trate against France and Great Britain
in Belgium. Clearly the Russians, who
have cut the railway at Pleschen, are
sending along forces with great rapid
ity on both flanks of the positions on
which the defeated Germans are re
treating. Grand Duke Nicholas' reference, in
dispatches announcing his victory, to
the new task of opening a new period
of the war is taken to mean that Rus
sia will now turn her main attention
towards the settlement of the Eastern
question. This means, first and fore
most, the breaking up of Austria-Hun
gary, followed by the expulsion of the
Turk from Europe and possibly the re
construction of a new Armenia among
other rearrangements of the Balkan
No Russian doubts that Constanti
nople is the natural capital of the Kua
slan empire and no sacrifice will be
thought too great for the attainment
of, this historical goal.
BEKLIX COCXTS OX VICTORY
3,000,000 (Germans and Austrians
Keportcd Ready to Crush Enemy.
LONDON. Nov. 8. "It is asserted in
Berlin that Germany and Austria
Hungary now have concentrated about
3.000,000 soldiers on the line from
Thorn to Cracow, and this is consid- .
ered sufficient to crush the Russian
forces," says a dispatch from . Copen
hagen to the Times. The message con
tinues: "Military authorities declare that the
result of the coming battle is not in
doubt and that the Russian army will
be completely destroyed. They ex
plain that it is necessary to allow the
Russians to advance to the frontier, In
order to prevent them from making a
good retreat after their defeat.
"The present retirement of the Ger
mans is necessary, they say, in order
to have the railways Immediately be
hind the army for the approaching .
The Rome correspondent of the
Weekly Dispatch sends the following:
"According to the Russian Embassy,
the Russians secured 200 guns, six
trainloads of supplies and 40,000 rifles
from the enemy in a victory on the San
River, Galicia. The victors took 30.000
Austrian prisoners. The Russian at
tack on Przemysl has been renewed
"On the East Prussian front thou-
(Concluded on Page 2.)