Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 07, 1914, Page 6, Image 6

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Entered at Portland, Oregon. Postoiilea as
Second-class matter.
Eubscriptlon Bates Invariably in Advance:
B Mall.)
Dally, Sunday Included, one year ?'SS
taily, Sunday Included, six months .....
Xally, Sunday Included, three months ...
JDall, Sunday Included, one month .....
Dally, without Sunday, one year
Dally, without Sunday, six months t'ii
Lfailv. vlthfliu KiinHav. three months 13
Daily, without Sunday, on month .
weekly one year ............
Cunday. one year
fcunuay and Weekly, one year
By Carrier.)
Eaily. Sunday included, one year a'2
a!!v Ritnrin In.lnrf.ri find mOBth
How to Remit Send Poatoltice money or.
der, express order or personal check on ;
local bank. Stamps, coin or currency are at
sender's riik. Give postofflce address la in".
Including- county and state.
Pontage Kates 12 to 18 pages, 1 cent; 18
to 82 page, 2 cents; 84 to 48 pages. 3 cnlj
60 to 60 pages, 4 cents; 82 to 78 page
cents; 78 to 82 pages. 8 cents. Foreign post,
age. double rates.-
Eastern Business Office Verree CRV
Jin. New York. Brunswick building. Chi
cago. Stenger building.
San Francisco Office R. J. BldweU Co..
42 Market street.
The most vulnerable point at which
Turkey can attack Great Britain is
Egypt. If she can wrest control of
that country from the Britons, she can
fclockade the Suez Canal and thereby
close tho gateway through, "which the
latter bring troops from India. "With
tho canal In the hands of an enemy,
transports from India, and merchant
chips from the whole of Eastern Asia
could reach Europe only by the long
and stormy route around the Cape of
Good Hope. Should emergency cause
Britain to call Japanese troops or
warships to her aid in Europe, the
tame delay would be experienced. It
is imperative to the safety of India
and to British ABlatic commerce that
the Suez route be kept open.
. Long before there was a canal or
even a railroad, Great Britain recog
nized the importance of keeping the
Suez rout to India open. "When there
was only a caravan route across the
Isthmus, a British army at the begin
ning of the nineteenth century brought
about evacuation by the French. Great
Britain took the lead among the pow
ers in preventing Mehemet All from
establishing an empire in Egypt, Syria
and Arabia. When Mehemet Ali's sue.
- cessor, Ismail, became deeply in-
volved in debt. Great Britain joined
the other European powers In taking
charge of the finances. French con
struction of the Suez Canal and Is
mall's subsequent sale of his shares to
Great Britain, led to Anglo-French
control, which continued untll Arab
Pasha's rebellion In 1882. France
having declined- to Join In suppressing
this revolt, Britain did it alone ana
assumed sole control, except of the
. debt, but against French protest.
When Great Britain and France set
tled their differences In 1905, France
-withdrew all objection to undivided
British control, and Germany, Austria
and Italy acceded to the arrange
ment. Joint control of the debt
and of finances wasat the same time
The material advantages of British
rule are not disputed, even by those
Egyptians who aspire to Independence.
Taxes have been reduced, forced labor
abolished. Irrigation and agriculture
extended, education made general, and
prosperity brought to the longrop
pressed fellahln, but the people are
already beginning to forget the evils
from which they have been delivered
In 1905 a Nationalist party arose, fos
tered by Turkish intrigue, ands gave
aid to a pan-Islamic agitation aimed
' at renewal of direct Turkish rule
An anonymous letter sent by a Moslem
leader to the British agent Illustrates
the feeling behind this movement. It
freely admits all the good that has
come from British rule, but It says
Though the Khallf were hapless as Baje
sld. cruel as Murad, or mad as Ibrahim, he
is the shadow of God, and every Moslem
must leap at his call.
In 1906 Turkey attempted to extend
its frontier to the Suez Canal by
claiming the peninsula of Sinai, which
Britain claimed for Egypt. Egyptian
troops were sent to occupy Taba on
the western side of the Gulf of Akaba,
which bounds the peninsula on th
east, but the Turkish Governor of
Akaba, on the western side of the gulf,
was beforehand with him. Only after
a threat of war by Great Britain did
the Turks withdraw and accept the
line claimed by the British. Akaba
has been bombarded by the British
since Turkey entered the present war.
Egypt has a legislature, partly elec
tive, with very limited powers. Al
. though the Nationalists demand con-
stitutional rule, the mass of the people
are indifferent, for In 1907 only 5 per,
' cent of the voters participated In the
The Mohammedans in Egypt, as in
India, appear to be divided between
those who accept Christian rule with
appreciation of Its material benefits
and of the religious liberty it gives
them and those who would rather be
oppressed by a Moslem than Justly
governed by a Christian. The lndlf-
t erence of the majority to the Nation
alist movement and the loyalty of Mo
hammedans In India to Great Britain
suggest that the religious appeal has
lost its powr in political affairs and
that the latter class is small. The
Turks wllj doubtless do their utmost
to stir up the population against the
British, and a strong force of un
doubted loyalty will be necessary to
quell revolt, to repel Invasion and to
guard the canal. Earl Kitchener, hav
Jng long commanded the army in
Egypt, knows the country well and
knows how far he can rely on the na
tive army. It is significant, however.
that he has sent half of the Canadian
contingent and some Indian troops to
. aid the Egyptian army, although he
had proved the fidelity and fighting
qualities of the latter in his Soudan
that. The moment they begin to move
about they are. liable to be sunk by
floating mines. If they escape the
mines the deadly submarine may as
sail them, from beneath .and' it Is Im
possible for them to defend them
selves. It is curious to notice that as far as
the war has gone the German subma
rines have been more active than the
British. The news at any rate points
to that conclusion. We have heard a
great deal of what- the German sub
marines have" done' and hardly any
thing about the British. Some paraly
sis seems to have struck the entire
British fleet. Its old prestige has not,
of course, disappeared, but there Is a
feeling throughout the world that it is
waning. In most encounters the Ger
mans hold their own fairly well. In
many cases they have been victorious.
The cruiser Emden, which has
been haunting the southern seas, has
destroyed twenty-elx British craft of
one sort and another without suffer
ing any injury itself as far as can be
ascertained. If this sort of thing con
tinues what will become of the defen
sive power of the British fleet? No
wonder the people of . England are
clamoring for some " brilliant action
that will restore their confidence in
the "wooden walls" which in all for
mer wars have been their main de
ment was tried would have made it
The history of this vitally important
subject is sketched popularly in
Brooks Adams' "Theory of 'Social
Revolutions," which may be obtained
at the Public Library. Once well ini
tiated by John .Marshall's determined
policy, the censorial power of the Su
preme Court over Congress has stead
ily grown. Mr. Adams points out that
it has drawn the court Into politics
and seriously impaired its prestige.
The authority to nullify or approve
laws passed by Congress has made the
Supreme Court in reality a third legis
lative chamber, and, like other law
making bodies, it cannot escape '-responsibility
for its acts.
ing and outgoing cargoes so as to re
move uncertainty and render possible
fixed average rates for bulk freight.
This would steady the world's price
for staples, would steady the home
price and benefit the farmer.
This is a much farther-reaching
scheme than that which Mr." Lublin
put in operation by causing establish
ment of, the International In
stitute of Agriculture, and it cannot
advance in these, war times. He has
therefore done wisely in setting the
conference at which it is to be consid
ered for the year 1917. We all Hope
that by that time peace will have been
restored and the nations will be in the
humor to consider the scheme!
Half a Century Ago
The Administration spent $100,000
and eleven months in getting ready
to begin to establish Federal reserve
banks. During this long wait for the
compounding of the Democratic pre
scription, the patient business has
been kept alive by a medicine pre
scribed by the doctors whom the
voters discharged in 1910 namely.
the Vreeland-Aldrich act.
If there is any weakling on the
initiative ballot count on the Portland
Journal to pounce upon It. Two years
ago it turned its biggest siege guns
loose on the majority rule measures.
This year it brought up its heaviest
artillery to attack the assembly meas
ure. ' i
Nobody feared them other than the
Journal. Nobody had the faintest idea
that they would carry except the Jour
nal. Nobody voted for them, or would
have voted for them if all the press
had kept silent, except a few irrecon-
cllables constituting a pitiful minority.
Possibly it was self-flattery having
no other basis than prior coinci
dence with a foregone conclusion that
tempted the Journal this year Into
more uncertain battles. At any rate
it had some policies of its own. After
fighting for single tax under cover for
a long period it came out openly for it
by supporting the J 15 00 exemption.
It also offered two measures all Its
own the notorious waterfront amend
ment and accompanying bill. It in
dorsed two other tax measures and gave
abolishment of capital punishment and
the non-partisan judiciary bill its approval.
But its timid nature had not wholly
given place to strutting bravery, for it
waited until practically every known
organization and nearly all other
newspapers had Indorsed the amend
ment. changing voters' qualifications
and then fell in line. Likewise it
seemed safe to oppose consolidation
of the Corporation and Insurance De
partments, abolishment of the Desert
Land Board, and the two-thirds rule
on tax measures. They were given a
tardy knock. The other seventeen
measures were passed up.
The Journal scored as usual wher
ever it played safe. But Its attempt
to form public opinion along the line
of tls own warped ideas failed miser
ably. The tax exemption and the wa
terfront measures were snowed under.
However, felicitations! The assem
bly measure, so puny and weak that
It could hardly totter, was successfully
surrounded and annihilated. ' It was a
great victory.
The Holy- War of Mohammedans
against Christians never seems to
come off. It Is prophesied every time
any nation has trouble with Turkey,
but the fulfillment Is. always post
poned. We dare say Mohammedans
are much like other people. They
will stand by their friends and fight
their enemies without regard to creed
or color.
On the assumption that it is the duty
of the Government to prevent the Mis
sissippi River from overflowing its
banks, many millions have been ex
pended by Congress in building and
maintaining levees along its lower
course. These levees have the inci
dental effect of reclaiming large tracts
of overflowed land, the value of which
has been enhanced from nothing to
anywhere between J 50 and $150 an
acre. The states or localities were re
quired by the defeated river and har
bor bill to payonly one-tenth of the
cost of improvement.
Senator Burton made this one of the
grounds for his attack on the bill. He
drew from Senator Ransdell the ad
mission that about 18,000,000 acres in
the neighborhood of Cape Girardeau
alone would be overflowed but for the British rule has made Egypt
levee system.- He contrasted with the clean and prosperous country, re
American method that pursued by I lieved the fellaheen of oppressive tax
Hungary in preventing overflow from atlon and diversified industry. But
the river Theiss. The Hungarian gov- the people are not satisfied. The
ernment first pays its proportion for washed sow longs for her wallow and
the benefits accruing to railroads and I the dog but read the text.
highways. The remainder is then
taxed against the land benented in Ttio Christian sowers now compete
proportion to the increased value re- for tne faVor of Mohammedans by
suiting from the improvement. promising not to injure their holy
The theory favored by Mr. Burton places. In the days of the crusades
has already been put in practice in i they would have made a particular
Oregon by the voluntary action or tne mark of those same holy places,
people. The Port or Portland nas
done a large share of the work or The war would seem to have done
deepening the Columbia River channel 1 enollSh to make meat scarce without
and, with Astoria, has lately contribut-I tno addition of wholesale slaughter of
ea to tne cost or improving tne cnaa- i cattle to extinguish foot and mouth
nei across tne par. oev?rai umci disease. Beefsteak may become as
gon ports have followed -this example Kreat a luxury as terrapin
Dy snaring witni tne uovernmeni tne
cost or improving tneir naroors. Kmneror TSTIohnlaji havlrnr been re
The precedent established by Oregon Dorted at the front, we shall Drobablv
snouia De aaoptea Dy tonp-ess tu
govern river and harbor appropna-
From The Oregonian November 7, 1864.
The California Stage Company has
received several new wagons of light
build, which will be used on the roads
in the worst places between Portland
and Shasta.
The regular term of the United
States District Court will convene in
the Stark s building today. Judge
Deady will preside. Judge Marquam
will preside over the County Court to
day at the Courthouse.
David Logan packed the theater Sat
urday night when he addressed his
audience on Abraham Lincoln and
Andrew Johnson.
Seventy-five negroes lease and oper
ate farms in the South and will clear
about $20,000 this year, which shows
what they can and will do if they re
tain their freedom.
A strantrer filled with "forty rod'
went uninvited to the dance in the old
Bergman market Saturday night -and
assaulted a young woman present with
a large piece of bologna sausage, ihe
Marshal came in answer to the cries
of the young woman and led the in
truder away.
The news that the Armenians have
given the invading Russians a Joyful
welcome surprises nobody who re
members what that patient -people
have endured from their Turkish mas
ters. Armenia lies in the extrm
northeastern ctrner of Asiatic Turkey
on the Black Sea. To the east of it
the Russian Transcaucasia. On the
southeast it touches what is left of the
ancient Persian empire. The numerous
mountains of Armenia are Infested by
the barbarous Kurds, who at the be
hest of Turkey have ever been ready
to descend upon the peaceful inhabit
ants 6f the plains for robbery and
The Turks have ruled Armenia by
assassination. The vitality of the peo
pie Is wonderfully proved by the fact
that they have not been exterminated
by their masters. Their country is ex
traordinarily fertile and under any deL
cent government it would be highly
prosperous. The Turks take good
care, however, that none of their do
minions shall be too prosperous. Their
motto is that a starving people is like
ly to be a submissive people. They
remember that Jeshurun only began
to kick when he waxed fat.
The Armenians are entitled to a
good deal more sympathy from the
Christian world than they have ever
received. Even the numerous bands
of them who have come to the United
States of late years have not been
especially welcomed. -They are lumped
in with other "dagoes" and treated
sometimes with shocking inhumanity
in the mines and railroad construc
tion camps. Their religion is essen
tially the same as our own, being one
of the most ancient types of Christian
ity In the world. Their abstract the
ology is neither Catholic nor Prot
estant but resembles the "orthodox
Greek," as it is called. It 13 akin to
the Russian creed and this constitutes
one of the reasons why the Armenians
hail the Czar's invading troops as de
liverers. Armenians who have been educated
in the American missionary colleges
exhibit a highly encouraging mental
alertness. There is no doubt that their
people have a great future before them
if once they can get half a chance in
the world. v
tlons generally. If - the community
benefited were required to pay one-
half or one-third of the cost of an
Improvement, there would be a marked
decrease in the demand for expendi
ture on creeks which cannot be made
navigable or on rivers on which there
Is small prospect of traffic. There
would no longer be demand for ap- j 6hippe(j
the sole purpose of having Govern
ment funds expended in a Congres
sional district. Readiness of a com
munity to expend Its own money would
be evidence, that it honestly believed
that a project had merit, and would
save the cost of many useless surveys.
Were this policy adopted, much
money would be saved, but more work
would be done. The money saved to
the Government by local contributions
to the.cost of approved projects and
by elimination of unworthy projects
could be applied to other projects.
Letting of continuous contracts for
improvements, once they were adopt
ed, would eliminate much waste and
would Insure early completion. If
adoption of this policy were supple
mented by legislation for the construe
tion of modern -water terminals and
learn tomorrow that he is entertaining
at his Petrograd palace. The Petro
grad press bureau doesn't take the
trouble to be consistent.
The rush to get into poultry farm
ing a year and more ago is shown in
the ruling prices .on Front street. The
wise poultrymen are cullingt their
flocks and much "stuff" Is being
With Sir Percy Scott, the champion
of the submarine, as one of the strate
gists of the British navy, we may ex
pect attempts of the British to hit Ger
man ships beneath the water.
Topical Verse
Twenty-Five Years Ago
Going; Some.
The auto traveled with a whirl
Along the pave:
He turned and asked, the pretty girl
If she were brave.
She gulped a pint of dust or less;
She sneezed a bit;
And then she gayly answered, "Tea,
I'm full of grit." i
Club Fellow.
The Crisis in the Barber Shop.
The barber to the right of me
hoching for the Kaiser.
The barber to the right of me was
hacking for the Czar
A gentleman from Greece was shearing
off my fleece.
While very near a swart Italian
stropped his scimitar.
And when presently discussion, poly
glot and fervid.
On political conditions burst about
, my chair,
I left the place unshaven J hope I'm
not a craven.
But I sort of like to wear a head
beneath my hair!
New York Evening Bun.
The War Fever.
I used to think that Jones was strong
Within the law's domain.
But now I know that I am wrong
His forte's Alsace-Lorraine.
Tomorrow is election day and The
Daily Oregonian wishes to see a large
vote cast. Voting in Portland will
take place in Multnomah engine house
of Comoanv No. 2: iudees A. B. Hal-
lock, George H. Flanders and William Wero Rolf and cigarettes, but not
office; Judges, C. S. Silver, Henry Lav
and S. J. McCormick.
And Smith (another sudden blow)-
His hobbies. I was sure.
They're Brussels, and Namur.
The bark Industry arrived from San
Francisco last night in tow of the
steamer Rescue. The Injlustry sailed
from S4n Francisco October IS, and
experienced light northwest winds the
entire passage.
And Brown, so reticent before,
Now keeps waylaying me
To mobilise whole army corps
Or words on strategy!
And Green, who thought tbe one best
Was peace, now alas!
Continually is storming Metz,
Armed with a demi-tasse.
And Johnson but enough of spite!
The worst of all I am.
For on a tablecloth last night
I drew a diagram!
Kennebec (Me.) Journal.
Descriptive and Self-Explanatory,' and
Ugly, Though Forceful.
Detroit .(Mich.) Free Press.
Most of our American verb-clauses
and coined words are descriptive and
tolf.arnlnnotnrv d nil utrlv thnnf h
forceful. "Right off the bat" Indicates n Being Jilted.
Drorrmtness. exDedition. If we say of I False one. so fickle, yet so fair,
a man that he "talks through hia hat," I will not wilt, beneath your frown;
we mean, that hols an idealist whose I With smiling face and airy grace
theories are impractical. "Giving em
hot air" applies to the orator whose
words have more sound than sense.
"Getting hot under the collar is a
synonym for the flush of rising in
dignation. To lose one's temper Is to
"go up in the air" or to "hit the cell
ing." "Where am I at?" reminiscent
You threw me down.
I'll cast out woe and have you know
That 1 have still a merry laugh.
I need no bride; I've by my side
A phonograph!
Though well you look you cannot cook
As can the chef at my care.
of a befuddled statesman who had lost Though small and -slight, your appetite
the thread of his argument could any-I Is great, they say;
thing be more expressive of bewilder- I So I shall save nor be your slave;
ment and Ineptitude? I I'm glad that you gave me the can;
Slang expressions, like the tide, have lou are mine, but I've a line
The peninsula of Sinai, where the
Israelites are said to have wandered
for forty years, promises to become
the scene of a struggle for control of
the Suez Canal.
their rise and fall. On every tongue
today. In a short time many are "old.
A certain appositeness is essential.
For instance, at one time everything
had "some class" or was "classy." John
Taintor Foote, through Blister Jones,
the philosophic Jockey, achieves a def
inition that answers to the word thor
oughbred; "he's got some class" can
not be applied to a quitter. "Keep go
Ing. Do your best. Don't whine" are
the rules that apply to men and horses
who have "class."
The use of slang grows on us as
people; we are the most slangy among
the nations
Electric fan!
I shall not groan and mope alone!
Your scorn my peace can never mar,
It's all a Joke. Ha, ha! I'll smoke
A rank cigar.
Who cares a ran? I am a chap
Who will not truckle down, you bet!
O, no! but then I'll try again
And win you yet.
Buffalo (X. Y.) News.
Here's Thessalia, here's the sky
Old Sicilian revelers knew
It demoralizes our speech when at morn they rollicked by
From The Oregonian -of November T, 1SS9.
Washington's statehood has been
temporarily withheld by President
Harrison, as the papers filed were
signed by Governor Moore's secretary
Instead of himself and attested by the
ecretary.- Papers properly filled out
have been forwarded to Washington.
L. A. Granger, assistant engineer of
the Astoria & South Coast Railroad -
Co., began surveying a route from the
city westward around Smiths Point.
Dayld Parsons was the victim of an
industrious Portland garroter early
yesterday morning.
Wheat grown on W. S. Ladd'a farm
Is being shown for Dakota wheat by
Dakota boomers at Bufalo, N. Y., ac
cording to an Oregonian who made the
discovery at Buffalo recently.
The sudden death of William H.
Watkinds. at the Gllman House yes
terday, removes a worthy pioneer who
came to Oregon in the memorable
year 1852.
The electric motor cars to Albina
were put in operation over the Steel
bridge yesterday. They make much
better time than the horse cars, but
not as much as might be expected
when the difference In speed between
lightning and a mule is considered.
Professor George H. Rider, of Bos
ton, will give organ recitals Tuesday
and Wednesday evenings on the mag
nificent new organ recently established
in the Grace Methodist ' Episcopal
The regular meeting of the board of
police commissioners was held yester
day. President Simon and Commission
ers Cardwell and Frank were present.
The applications to join the police
force from Walter A. Robinson, John
Reugg and E. IC Whitehead were read.
Whitehead was appointed. Andrew
Holmberg and James T. Watson were
appointed captains of police. .
City Existence an Contrasted With Dis
cipline on the Frontiers.
Baltimore Evening Sun.
The average town-bred man, living
and working in a city, is usually to a
great extent ignorant of the life of
the out-of-door man. What city dwell
er is familiar with the daily existence
of the man who runs his own ranch in
the West, or in Rhodesia, Australia, or
Argentina? Who can give a detailed
description of the typical daily occupa
tion of a Lieutenant-Commander of a
United States battleship, a British offi
cer in Burmah, or a Captain in the
Philippine Scouts? Here is a charac
teristic day's routine of one of this
type of man:
From 6:30 to 8:30 in the morning,
parade and stable. Breakfast at 9,
and from 9:30 to 10:30 spent in learn
ing a foreign language. Ten-thirty to
11, signing accounts. Eleven to 1
o'clock, band practice; 1 to 3, office,
orderly-room, signing and drafting let
ters. Three to 5 o'clock, conversa
tional practice of the foreign language
studied in tho morning, and from 5 to
6, play football with the men. An Ho
nour day completed, he is off duty.
Many pt those who live in cities
might profit by a more Intimate
knowledge of the lives of their fellow
men on the frontiers.
The Democratic majority in ' the
House is reduced from about a gross
to two dozen. Such a slaughter
matches that on. any European battle
field. . v
The report having been made that
a Zeppelin raid on Great Britain Is
for co-ordination of rail and water , T. .V "tr""' "
routes, the people would soon be able " -".
to judge fairly whether Mr. Burton's ,.,.. ,
opinion is well founded, that inland " B f l" 6 TT
water transportation in this country is . . , ,7
out of date Coast. Disguised as "Eastern," no-
to such a degree that Englishmen de
Clare we do not use the English lan
guage but are creating a dialect or
our own.
"Language la a city, to the building
of which every human" being brought
stone." declared Emerson. We are
constantly building. Every new in
vention brings additions to our vocab
ulary. New meanings are made to at
tain to old terms. Thus Gelett Burgess
gave us new appelations of two terms
in chemistry, "bromide" and "sulphide,"
which are honored with a place in the
dictionary. Mr. Howells recently con
tributed "wofsmlth, "wot being an
abbreviation of work-of-flction, the
term referring to those novelists whose
books are inept and futile and to ap
ply a phrase of the order we are dis
cussing, "the woods are full of them.1
A WORLD'S COMMERCE commission. xhe proposal to turn the saloons Into
David Lubin, at whose instigation eating-houses cannot seriously- be
the International Institute of Agricul- taken.- Portland has about as many
ture was organized, proposes to extend I restaurants as it needs.
its -usefulness by a radical inndvatlon
The institute is composed of delegates Illinois has saved Secretary Bryan
from fifty-four states and by collect- I from the painful necessity of concili-
lng and distributing crop statistics ating Roger Sullivan, whom He called
from all over the world it has done a trainwrecker in 1908.
much to eliminate speculation based
on erroneous Information as to the Japan is going to Insist on a power-
yield of different countries. He now I ful voice In the war settlement. Let
proposes to stabilize the world prices I us hope it willnot become objectlon-
of staples by the establishment of an ably powerf uL
International Commerce Commission,
which would regulate the world's Development of a greater aeroplane
ocean freights in the same way as our service for use in the American army
Interstate Commerce Commission reg- is being urged. Why not develop an
ulates railroad rates. He has Induced I army first?
the House of Representatives to adopt
a joint resolution instructing him, as a Russian column Is reported to
delegate to the institute, to present have marched steadily for thirty hours
a resolution instructing the institute to Must have been retreating.
invite the adhering governments to
participate in an international conrer- Petrograd reports the whole Ger
ence. which shall consider the estab- man and Austrian armies again in full
llshment or tne proposed commissiorr. I retreat. What, again?
In a report to tne permanent com
mittee of the institute, Mr. iuDin A reaUCed House majority puts the
caned attention to me innuence oi House Democrats on Uneasy street. It
ocean ireignt rates on tne price oi u a eolemn portent.
staples. t-ie saia mat snipping rings
control ocean rreignts ana grant re- with Turk and Russian flirhttnr in
bates. They maintain excessive rates Armenia the time is ripe for another
ana aestroy competition Dy tne use oi Armenian massacre.
fighting ships ana by reDates to
This is good time for the remittance
men up north to rehabilitate them
selves by enlisting.
There is a growing opinion that as
far as naval affairs are concerned the
war is to be decided not by dread
noughts but 'by the humble subma
rines. Thus far they have been more
avctive and effectual than the pompous
and expensive vessels of the older
type. One German submarine, it will
be remembered, sunk three British
cruisers In a single action. The secrecy
with which these craft can move about
greatly increases their power to do
mischief. There is an account float
ing in the press of a German subma
rine which coasted the entire extent of
Scotland, passing beneath several Brit
ish cruisers which were utterly uncon
scious of its presence and without
power to harm It if they had known
all about It.
Thus far in the war the dread
noughts have confined thelr efforts to
stationary guard duty. They look ter
rible, but It is extremely doubtful if
they can accomplish much more than
The authority of the Federal Su
preme Court to censor acts of Congress
continually emerges ' into discussion.
Interest in it is as old as the Govern
ment Itself. In 'Thomas Jefferson's
time it was the cause of heated con
tention between him and John Mar
shall, who was Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court. Marshall was a
strong, not to say a violent, federalist.
while Jefferson was a Democrat of the
most pronounced type and believed
that power ought to be widely distrib
uted among the people.
In pursuance of his theories Mar
shall finally decided a case in which
he took occasion to nullify an act of
Congress. Jefferson was so incensed at
what he called "despotic usurpation"
on the part of the court that, with the
help of his party associates, he tried
to Impeach the whole Supreme Bench,
beginning with a pretty well forgotten
Judge named Chase. After this man
had been disposed of they purposed to
attack Marshall himself. The project
failed, but the change of a few votes
in the Senate when Chase's Impeach-
large shippers. They regulate rates,
apportion traffic, pool earnings and
combine to meet competttlpn of out
side lines. Ocean rates have gone up
J.1U to tun per ceill in in last Th T.,rV nr. nt rlV nf
years. Rates on what is called pack- plunder,nK the Armenians of what llt-
age uci8'. 1-"'"1"'"6 -"""- tin thev haVA left
on bulk freight, which comprises the
staples, vary from day to day. Wheat
is sometimes carried free as ballast.
while at other times the rate goes up
to 20 to 24 cents a bushel. Mr. Lubln
explains this difference in treatment
to the fact that the trusts are- "god
fathers" for iron, for harvesters and
for the commission men, but there is
no godfather for the staples of agricul-
P,i freight is sold hv rrlvtA I Victoria is seeing things, with Von
contract, and fluctuations in freight I sPee thousands of miles away.
rates affect only the carrier, the ship-
Some of those Democratic candi
dates haven't recovered yet from the
shock. ,
Branded and earmarked, the Bull
Moose is turned on the range.
Tom Word seems to have a weak
ness for being almost elected.
A "dry" San Francisco during Fair
year was not to be expected.
per and the dealer. The price of sta
pies is fixed in the open world market
and the buyer, in order to be safe,
must not only figure on the world's
price, but must guess at the freight
ratp which varies from dav to dav. He
naturally guesses high. If he wins on netting ria or ijaireriy is an election
the guess, his winnings are paid by the lb wel1 done
producer; If he loses, he tries to re-
Tom Hurlburt is Sheriff and cannot
be counted out.
Dewey's Submarine Forecast.
. New York Evening Post.
The activity of German submarines
has recalled to Willard D. Vandiver,
a former Congressman from West Vir
ginia, and member of the House
naval affairs committee, a prophecy
by Admiral Dewey during the
tests of the Holland submarine boat
in 1899. Then Admiral Dewey said
"that tha time was coming when the
submarine would put the expensive
steel armored battleship out of busi
ness." According to Mr. Vandiver, who
Is now an Assistant United States
Treasurer rfnd in charge of the St.
Louis sub-treasuryi tn an interview in
the Republio of that city, the success
of the experiment so impressed ? Ad
miral Dewey that he declared that If
two vessels of this type had been in
the harbor of Manila when he sailed in
he would not have dared enter. Mr.
Vandiver said that the Admiral stated,
moreover, that four craft of the Hol
land type could protect New Tork
Harbor from the attack of any power's
Prayers for All He Saw.
John Wheelock, the second president
of Dartmouth College, was a most
spectacular character. Wilder D. Quint,
In his Story or uartmoutn, says oi
"He lacked culture and In his writing
was turgid and almost illiterate. Lord
relates that his prayers at chapel were
marvels of grotesque taste. Having
one day chanced to attend some experi
ments in the chemistry of gaBes, he
thanked the Lord in his next chapel
prayer for the elements in detail: 'We
thank thee. O Lord, for the oxygen
gas; we thank thee, O Lord for the
hvdroaren cran: we thank thee. O Lord.
for the nitrogen gas and for all the
gases.' . .
"At another time he was impressed
in the same way by the wonders of
anatomy and expressed his gratitude
in like form for the cerebrum, the
cerebellum and for the medulla oblon
gata.' "
Ills Smart Grandson Acta.
Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph.
An elderly business man recently lent
his grandson money to purchase a
motorcycle. The money was to be paid
back by installments, the machine to
remain the property of the grandfather
until the last payment bad been -made.
The other day, while out riding, the
boy met his grandfather and Jumped off
his motorcycle.
"Say. grandfather, said -the boy, "who
does this machine belong to?"
"It belongs to me until you have
Liade the last payment. That was the
agreement, you know. But why do you
"Well. I Just wanted to make sure,"
remarked the boy with a grin. "Your
motorcycle needs a new tire."
In the daisies and the dew.
Here's your lips of Helen, drung
Into one gold globe of sweet
Taste, and turn to something young.
uancing on tsanausian icet.
Apples, apples, tart and fine.
Apples red, and apples yellow;
Apples of Falernian wine
Playing hades with a fellow!
Grimes' Golden, Stayman, Rambo.
Smokehouse, Carthouse, Jonathan
Fruit from groves of Maricambo?
No, from vales American.
Here's your April and October
In the thin skin of a gleam;
Here's your Bacchic god knocked over
Just from tasting sun and dream!
Walk up, wake up, have an apple.
Blobed In summers that shall be
Born again in beams that dapple.
All this mist of land and sea.
Baltimore Sun.
Importation of Intoxicant.
MARQUAM. Or.. Nov. 6, 1914. (To the
Editor.) Please tell us if prohibition
prohibits importation of liquor for pri
vate uses? , W. N. P.
It will be legal under the amendment
as adopted to import liquor from a
wet state on filing affidavit that it is
for personal use. Whether the Legis
lature will pass a more drastic act re
mains to be seen.
Keeping IUgldly Neutral.
Sty Louis Post-Dispatch.
Gates Are you keeping neutral right
Clemens I have been neutral for ao
long I have forgotten by this time
which countries are fighting.
The Haste Rta-ht.
Hush thee! It is the magic night.
And the moon her lonely tryst does
Be still! Rest now thy voice a while.
And then to thee will come the beat
The beat of the magic world is around.
It is only In silence that magic is found.
Hush thee! The wind will then her se
cret tell;
Thy love will come in its whispers
clear. .
Gaze in the glass of the cool night air.
And you'll see the face you hold most
The beat of the magic world is around.
It is only in silence that magic is found.
Hush thee! And when the midnight
Proclaims itself, do thou thy part.
Hold out thy hands with love in them.
Take thou the world to thy throbbing
The beat of the magic world is around.
It is only in silence that magic Is found.
New York Herald.
coup himself in his next deal, also at
the producer's expense. The shipping
monopolies thus have the power to
raise and lower the price of staples at
will. They introduce a speculative ele
ment into the price which enhances It.
, Mr. Lubin proposes that the Inter
national Commerce Commission should
co-operate with the various national
regulative bodies and with chambers
of commerce and agriculture, and that
The Hague tribunal be empowered to
adjudicate points of International law,
with a view to equalizing rates. The
commission would synchronize lncom-
Woman's suffrage has Justified Itself
many fold.
What is happening to the British
This is the "weefc for the canal to
Why, even Multnomah County went
Turks routed. Sounds natural.
Started Christmas shopping?
Love's Tragedy.
Dear lost love of long ago!
Parted by a fate malign,
Much I mused upon your woe.
" Missing these strong arms of mine.
Oft I dreamed, with fond regret.
Of the beauty of your face;
None I subsequently met
Had your loveliness and grace.
I was sure that you, out there.
Long and faithfully would wait.
Hoping still my lot to share.
Scorning any other mate,
So I. dreaming, toiled, unwed.
Seeking wealth to bring to you.
Thinking nothing need be said
Of the love of lovers true.
Fortune finally I won.
At a bitter, cruel cost!
I came to you on the run
For the love I now have lost.
Yes, I find forgive these groans--
Waiting Is a losing game!
You are obese, Mrs. Jones,
And you've quite forgot my name!
Pittsburg Chronicle-Telegraph.
There With the Answer.
Philadelphia Telegraph.
In a public school one afternoon the
teacher was instructing a class in phy
siology, and finally, in order to test the
memory of the youngsters, she closed
tbe book and began to ask questions.
Willie.' said she, addressing
bright-faced boy near the head of the
class, "can you give me a familiar ex
ample of the human body as it adapts
Itself to changed conditions?"
"Sure!" was the confident rejoinder.
"My Uncle Jake gained 60 pounds in
less than one year, and his skin never
With li Once Again.
Rah, Rah. Rah.
Zip. Boom, Bah.
Old familiar sound.
See 'em wince
Bring the splints.
Call the doctors round.
Mama's boy.
Pride and Joy
Laid out in the fray;
Five ribs broke.
What a joke.
Dandy work. Hurray!
Kick their shins.
Break their chins.
Tie 'em in a knot.
. Beat em up,
Eat 'em up.
Drag 'em 'round a lot.
Smash the line;
Gee! That's fine.
Let no man escape.
Kill the ends.
Make their friends
Put on yards of crepe.
Do your worst.
Do it first;
There's no law to fear.
Rah, Rah, Rah,
Zip, Boom, Bah.
Football season's here.
Topeka, Kan., State Journal.
For Tomorrow:
Are you following the career of
Polly, the new headliner of the
color comics who has made her ap
pearance in Ihe bunday (Jreeo-
niant You will enjoy Polly whether
you are very young or very old,
lor Polly is wholesome, entertain
ing and full of fun and life.
New War Features
The Submarine A tiny craft, it
is fighting a struggle for suprem
acy of the sea. Not even the
mighty dreadnought can- survive
the sting of the tiny submarine. An
illustrated article by an expert.,
"What Will We Get? Just what
benefits will accrue to the United
States from the great war is dis
cussed by Leon Goldmerstein, an
authority of international reputa
tion. Pretexts and Causes A record
of the queer incidents and circum
stances that have precipitated
bloody clashes. Many of them ap
pear most trivial. An illustrated
Tamous Sieges Constantinople
in 1433 and Antwerp in 1832 were
besieged and the stories of the
fights are interestingly recorded in
an illustrated article.
War in Art Reproductions in
colors of two more famous war
War Photo s Latest action
scenes from tho battle frout.
French Artillery in Action A
sketch in colors drawn for The
Sunday Oregonian on the French
filing line by Lieutenant Xavier
Sager, the noted illustrator. It
shows the French retaking St. Hi
The Piano Lesson
Those who have been following
the free piano course in The Ore
gonian Dow have made consider
able advancement. The fifth les
son is ia the keys of E and C. ...
The- Children's Page Seven at
tractive illustrated features and a
number of bright stories and spe
cial articles make np a page which
can be torn out and handed to the
little ones.
An Immense Volume of Other Fea
tures to Meet Every ; Taste and
Order today cf your newsdealer,