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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 29, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGOXIAX. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29. 1914.
Przemysl Fully Invested by
Czar's Army, Is Report
From Various Sources.
KAISER'S LOSSES HEAVY
Teutons Said to B In Retreat, fcliell-
lne Works of Ossowetzaa as Tliey
Go Border Is Crossed by Ger
man at Four Points.
ROME, Sept. 28. An official dispatch
from. Petrograd says that Przemysl,
in Galicia, Is now entirely Invested by
the Russians and that the main Aus
trian army Is retiring behind tle Car
pathians. A Central News dispatch
"The right wing of the Austrians has
been driven back beyond the Carpa
thians into Hungary, where they are
being pursued by the Russians. The
Austrian debacle is complete and they
have lost all their artillery. The Aus
trian left -wins has retreated to Cra
cow." WASHINGTON, Sept. 28. The French
Embassy today received the following
dispatch from . the Foreign Office at
"The Austrians In the .south of Prze
mysl continue their retreat toward the
west. In East Prussia, the attempt of
the Germans to assume the offensive
to the east of Suwalkl and south of
Grajewo were repulsed."
GETCM1AXS MEET DEFEAT, TOO
Fetrograd Reports Kaiser Repulsed
at Various Points.
LONDON, Sept. 28. Telegraphing
from Petrograd, the correspondent of
the Chronicle says: '
"It appeared last night as if the bat
tle In the west of Russia, for which
vast preparations had been made, had
at last begun. Now it has already
ended and the Germans are in retreat,
shelling the works of Ossowetzas 'as
"They came across the border on the
23d at four points. The most south
erly was close to Kalisz, where they
occupied the district of W'arta and
suffered heavy losses at Sieradz (32
miles east by southeast of Kalisz).
"Another force advanced to Mlawa
(Russian Poland), while another In
vaded the government of Lomza, near
Winezenta, and was definitely de
feated. "Another came by way of Suwalkl
and made its way east toward the
Niemen, where it was engaged on a
front 30 miles long.
"The Germans' strength Is not stat
ed. Their losses were heavy, mainly
from artillery fire, which broke the
attempt to move upon Drushkenik."
FIEtI CORPS RUSH TO RUSSIA
German Armies Left in Belgium and
France Are Reservist.
LONDON, Se'pt. 28. Many, If not a
majority, of the German troops con
centrated, on the Russian border, says
the Petrograd correspondent of the
Times, "are field corps, while the
armies remaining In France and Bel
gium are mainly composed of reserve
corps. Moreover, it is beyond doubt
that the Emperor himself is in -East
Prussia. The official bulletins show
that the Germans have moved toward
the Niemen, more than 25 miles in two
days, but according to the latest news
their advance has been checked and,
Judging from the speed of their move
ments and the relatively narrow front
of their deployment, which does not ex
ceed 15 miles. General Rennenkampff
has not to deal with a movement of
"The tendency here is to regard this
advance as a demonstration to cover a
more Important action elsewhere, most
probably in a direction where the Ger
mans feel themselves -more vulnerable,
namely, the line from Kalisz to Cra
cow." GERMAN ONSLAUGHT HALTS
(Continued From First Pas.)
Rennenkampf. Petrograd believes that
this movement, because of its limited
front, is a diversion to relieve the
threatened German line from Kalisz to
. The Austrian forces still are retir
ing on Cracow and besides having tak
en some of the forts around Przemysl,
the Russian cavalry is said to be pour
ing through the defiles of the Car
pathians onto the plains of Hungary.
Aaatrla Strengthen Forts.
Although, the success of this latter
movement is officially denied from
Budapest, which announces that the re
peated attempts of the Russian cavalry
to enter the country have been re
pulsed, hurried efforts are being made
along the Austrian frontier to repair
the fortress and Increase the garrisons.
Troops taken from Trent at the be
ginning of the war have been replaced
toy Hungarians and all 18 forts of the
first line of defense are being brought
into the highest state of repair, while
the second defense, commanding the
passes, have been reinforced by addi
Eire trie Wires Are Barriers.'
Electric currents are a marked fea
ture of the defensive arrangements.
Wires have been laid over all the strat
egic points on the frontier and these
connect with a powerful power station
at Riva. '
Twelve heavy mortars which were
sent to help the Germans have been
recalled and have been hastily in-
tailed in the frontier fortresses, mak
ing them a formidable obstacle.
HERMANS NOW USING BAYONET
Kaiser's Army Reported to Have
Changed Its Tactics.
PARIS. Sept. 28, 6:02 A. M. The pro
longation of the tension . on the two
long lines of fire and death fronting
each other on the Aisne must have be
come insupportable to the Germans
since reports Indicate that they have
changed their tactics and attacked with
The opinion is expressed here that
General Joffre's master hand is shown
In this, as it is believed he has suc
ceeded In pushing his lines Inside the
range of the deadly heavy Gorman
suns and forced the enemy to hand-to-hand
Since the attacks have been repulsed
over the whole line, according to the
official communications, the military
expsrts here cannot see now what re
sources the Germane can call on to re
trieve their fortunes.
The general opinion is that the bat
tle has reached the most critical as
well as the most violent phase and
that the issue cannot be delayed much
The following official communication
was given out in Paris this afternoon:
"There is nothing new to report In
the general situation. Relative calm
prevails along a portion of the front.
Nevertheless at certain points notably,
between the River Aisne and the
Argonne district the enemy has de
livered further violent attacks, which,
however, have been repulsed."
The losses of the last few davs on
both sides are said to exceed all other
engagements of the war. Stories have
reached here from Belgium that the
Germans, unable to bury their dead on
the field, have sent the bodies behind
the army by trainload in order to avoid
A dispatch to the Petit Parlsien
from Amsterdam says violent fighting
has occurred between the Germans and
Belgians at Schooten, four miles east
of Antwerp; at Termonde. IS miles east
of Ghent, and at Hofstande. 18 miles
east or unent In the latter locality the
heavy German artillery became stuck
in the mud and the Germans were
obliged to retire before the attacks -of
It is confirmed, savs the dlsnatnh
that the Germans are fortifying Liege.
LOUVAIN'S RUIN VIEWED
BELGIAN PROFESSOR O ALLS CIT'
St. Peter's Gutted, Homes Bnrned, Walla
Fallen, SUenee and Desolation
Now Mark Place, He Says.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 28. A graphic
description of the wreck and desola
tion of the ancient City of Louvain,
Belgium, is given by Professor E. Gil
son, of the University of Louvain, in a
letter to the Belgian Minister of Jus
tice, Henry Carton de Wlart, one of the
Belgian high commissioners, who re
cently presented a statement of his
country's case to President Wilson. The
"I enter the city, coming from Ter
vueren. Beginning at Berthem, I see
numerous burnt and crumbling houses;
the moment you come to the gloomy
and silent city the more the number.
I pass through the 'Saint Esprit' street,
the 'Saint Jacques' Square and 'Brus
sels street,' where only a few houses
are in ruins, although most of them
are sacked and pillaged.
"At the 'Septcoins' Louvain reveals
itself to my eyes like a luminous pano
rama in the glade of a forest. The cen
ter of the city is a smoking heap of
ruins. Houses are caved in, nothing
remains but smoking ruins and a mass
of brick. It is a veritable Pompeii.
But hov much more traffic and vivid
Is the sight of this new Pompeii. An
oppressive silence everywhere! Every
body has fled;- at the windows of cel
lars I see frightened faces, and at the
street corners Prussian sentinels, sor
did, immovable and silent.
"In the center stand the walls of St.
Peter's, now a rrinnlnp flflhnnttA
and belfry gone, the walls blackened
and caved in. In front stands the Ho
tel de Ville, dominating everything and
almost Intact. Further on the remains
or i.es Halles, entirely destroyed ex
cept for the arcade of big pillars of
the Salle des Pas Perdus. The library
and its treasures are entirely gone.
"Entering St. Peter's by the uede
Malines, I find what was the big bell
among ruins. The vaults are for the
most part caved in; there is a continu
ous stream of stones falling, so that
we could not enter It without danger.
Everything Is burned. If the paintings
by Boest and Vander Weghe have not
been saved in time, they must have
perished. The jubilee in the choir is
"I walk all over the open space
where the palace used to stand. At the
septcoins everything is lying on the
ground. The Rue des Ecremera is
burned; to the right the Audince is
burned, the upper part of t-ie Rue du
Canal is burned. Including the house
of the Dean and the students' house.
All is desolation."
AUSTRALIA WILL HELP
RECRUITING FOR ARMY TO AID
BRITAIN NEARLY FINISHED.
Efforts Made In Some Communities to
Get Bushmen to Enlist, bat Cities
Supply Majority of Men.
MELBOURNE, Australia, August ' 29.
Recruiting of the Australian Imperial
expeditionary force, which Is the of
ficial title of the army of 20,000 which
the commonwealth is devoting to the
aid of the Empire, is already finished
in some of the states.
While in some districts a special ef
fort was made to get the bushmen from
the country, the cities have furnished
the greater part of the material.
The force will be made up of a light
horse brigade and a division of infan
try, 2315 horses and 10 guns, and the
division of 17,553 men, including of
ficers, 5162 horses and 70 guns, or a
grand total of 19,779 men and officers,
7477 horses and 70 guns, to which are
to be added 221 other officers and men
who are to be employed in various
capacities. The volunteers have been
taken from the states on a territorial
basis and therefore New South Wales
and Victoria have contributed the most
The commander is Brigadier-General
W. T. Bridges. ' In the force will be
members of the graduating class of the
commonwealth's military college at
Duntroon, New South Wales. A son of
Joseph Cook, Prime Minister of Aus
tralia, is among those composing the
Upwards of" 25 steamers. Including
the Aorangi. which has been running
to San Francisco for the Union Steam
ship Company of New Zealand, and the
Medic and Cevic, of the White Star
Line, are under requisition by the gov
ernment and are being converted into
transports as rapidly as possible.
The Minister of Defense, Senator
Millen, has appealed for voluntary con
tributions of horses, and many ranch
men and ranching companies have re
sponded. Among these has been Syd
ney Kidman, one of the cattle and
sheep "kings" of the Antipodes, who
gave 200 military remounts.
Professors Exchanged Despite War.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Sept. 28 The
European war will not prevent pro
fessorial exchanges between Harvard
and German and French universities
this year. Professor Waldemar Volght
will come from the University of Goet
tlngen and Professor Henri Lichten
berger from the University of Paris.
Harvard will send to Paris Professor
W. A. Nellsen, and to the University of
Berlin, Professor A. D. Hart.
Officer Casualties Posted.
LONDON, Sept. 28 A casualty ltst
received from British headquarters at
the front, covering losses up to Sep
tember 24, contains the names of one
officer who was killed, seven who died
of wounds, 19 who are wounded and 10
who are missing, These missing men
had previously been reported as
Report to Supplement General
French's Account Tells of
Lull in Battle.
GERMANS KILL OWN MEN
Elaborate System or Espionage by
Enemy Reported and Spy Taken
in Church Tower Signaling
With Hands of Clock.
LONDOi?, Sept. 28. 9:15 P. M. The
official press bureau issued tonight a
descriptive account of the operations
in France of the Ri-mh fni-.a ,n-i
French armies in Immediate touch with
ii, communicated by an eye-witness
present at the headquarters of Field
Marshal P'rench. This account, which
supplements that 'issued September 24
from general headquarters, follows:
"September 24. For four days there
has been a comparative lull all along
our front. This has been accompanied
by a spell of fine weather, though the
nights are now much cooler. One can
not have everything, however, and one
evil result of the sunshine has- been
the release of flies, which were torpid
during the wet days.
"Advantage has been taken of the
arrival of reinforcements to relieve by
fresh troops the men who have been on
the firing line for some time.. Several
units therefore have received their -baptism
of fire during the week.
"Since the last letter left general
headquarters evidence has been re
ceived which points to the fact that
during counter attacks on the night of
Sunday, the 20th, the German infantry
fired Into each other as the result of an
attempt to carry out the dangerous
expedient of a converging advance in
Fusillade Heard Without Bullets.
"Opposite one portion of our position
a considerable massing of hostile forces
was observed before dark, and some
hours later a furious fusillade was
heard in front of our line, though no
bullets came over our trenches.
"This narrative begins with the 24th
and covers only two dates. There was
but little rain and the weather took
a turn for the better, which has been
maintained. The action was practical
ly confined to the artillery, our guns
at one point shelling and driving away
the enemy, who were endeavoring to
construct a redoubt. The Germans, for
their part, expended a large number of
heavy shells with a long-range bom
bardment of a village.
"Reconnoitering parties, sent out
during the night of September 21-2S
discovered some deserted trenches, and
in them, or near them, in the woods,
more than 100 dead and wounded were
picked up. A number of rifles and
equipment were also found. There were
other signs that portions of the enemy's
forces had withdrawn for some dis
tance. Germans Lie Unburled.
"Tuesday, September 22, waa also
fine, with less wind, and was one of
the most uneventful days that has
passed since we reached the' Aisne
uneventful, that is, for the . British.
There was less artillery work on either
side, the Germans nevertheless giving
another village a taste of the 'Jack
"The spot thus honored was not far
from the ridge where Borne of the most
severe fighting in which we have taken
part has occurred. All over this 'no
man's land,' between the lines, the
bodies of German infantry are still
lying in heaps where they have fallen
at different times.
"Espionage plays so large a part in
the conduct of the war by the Germans
that it is difficult to avoid further ref
erence to the subject. They have evi
dently never forgotten the Baying of
Frederick the Great: 'When Marshal
Soubise goes to war he is followed by
100 cooks; when I take the field I am
preceded by 100 spies.'
"Indeed, until about 20 years ago,
there was a paragraph in their field
service regulation diriting that the
service of 'protection in the field' out
posts and advanced guards should
always be supplemented by a system of
Espionage Is Elaborate.
"Though such Instructions are no
longer made public, the Germans, as
is well known, still carry them into
effect. Apart from the more elaborate
arrangements which were made in
peace time for obtaining Information
by paid agents, some of the methods
which are being employed fdr the col
lection or conveyance of intelligence
are as iollows:
"Men in plain clothes signal to the
German lines from points in the hands
of the enemy by means of colored
lights by night and puffs of smoke
from chimneys by day. Pseudo-laborers
working in the fields between the
armies have been detected conveying
i?& Standard Oil
for Pfoto? Oar
f ''JEJfiTj le n E !"'t?,i v"-
Shampoos followed by occa
sional dressings of Cuticura
Ointment. These super
creamy emollients 'do much
for dry, thin and falling hair,
dandruff and itching scalps,
and do it speedily, agreeably
Samples Free by Mail
OuUeura Soap and Qlntment sold thronihout the
world. Liberal sample of each mailed free, with 32-d
book. Addrea "Cuticura." Dept. asH. Boston.
Information and persons in plain
clothes have acted as advanced scouts
to the German cavalry.
"German officers and soldiers in
plain clothes, -or in French or in
British uniforms, have remained in
localities evacuated by the Germans in
oroer to lurnish them with intelligence.
"One spy of this kind was found
by our troops hidden in a church tower.
His presence was discovered only
through the erratic movement of the
lands of the church clock which he
was using to signal to his friends by
means of an improvised semaphore
code. Had this man not been seized
It is probable he would have signalled
to the German artillery at the time
of their arrival the exact location of
the headquarters and staff. A high
explosive shell would have then
mysteriously dropped on the building. .
Stringent Precautions Taken.
"Women spies also have been caught:
secret agents have been found at the
railroads observing entrainments and
"It is a simple matter for snies to
mix with the refugees moving about
to their homes; difficult for our troops,
who speak neither French nor German,
to detect them.
"The French have found It necessary
to search villages and also casual way
farers on the roads for carrier pigeons.
Among the precautions taken by us to
guard against spying is the publica
tion of the following .notice printed in
rrencn ana posted:
" 'First Motorcars and bicycles not
carrying soldiers in uniforms may not
circulate on the roads.
" 'Second The inhabitants mav not
leave the localities where they reside
Between B f. M. and 6 A, M.
" 'Third Inhabitants may not quit
their homes after 8 P. M.
" 'Fourth No person may on any
pretext pass through the British lines
without an authorization, counter
signed by a British officer.' "
$5,000,000 DAILY COST
WAR EXPEXSK OF GERMANY ESTI
MATED BY EXPERTS.
Fatherland Responding to Appeal for
1,2SO,000,000 Fund Fills
Purse for Year.
BERLIN, Sept. 28, via London. 2:50
P- M. The response of the German
public to the efforts . of the govern
ment to raise a war fund of 6,000,000,
000 marks (11. 250.000.000) has. . it Is
asserted here, removed all anxiety the
nation may have had regarding its
ability to meet financial obligations
due to the war.
Originally the Reichstag allowed a
war credit of 5,000,000,000 marks in
addition to the war treasure, and of
this amount 4,500,000,000 marks has
been subscribed by the public without
straining seriously the financial re
sources of the empire.
According to military authorities, the
war is costing Germany about 20,000,
000 marks (15,000,000) a day, inclusive
of the money spent on behalf of those
who have been deprived of their bread
winners. The means of the govern
ment at the beginning of the war, not
counting the permanent war treasure
Send for Lubricating In'
struction Book, specifying
make of yotxr car. Free.
Standard Oil Company
Jm m III s
1 Mr. E. H. Sothern - -
never wears his stage clothes on the
street. They are made to "dress ' a
"We make clothes to dress your part,
clothes of character that individualize
the part you are
For all purposes, the material and work
manship, coupled with the economy of
fered, furnish a production you'll be
bound to encore at
I j it i
bill, including the reserve funds of the
Relchsbank, amounted to about 500,
000,000 marks ($125,000,000), which In
the meantime, however, has been con
siderably increased through the issue
of notes. It is thought, therefore, that
the money available for the purposes
of the campaign can be increased, if
necessary, by several billion marks.
The amount which the government
could borrow from the Keicbsbank is
estimated at about 3.000,000,000 marks,
making a total of about 8.000,000,000
marks (12.000.000.000). At the rate of
20.000.000 marks (15,000,000) a day, this
sum would permit Germany to carry
on the war for more than a year.
Strange Man Cause of Two Deaths.
OAKUNP. Oil.. STt. 28. H. E. T"!e.
UFf f THE
WV LIKE J?
ScMits Efowh lE&ottle
It cannot cause
stomach or liver
Pure beer is health
ful food decayed
food is not healthful;
Any beer in light
bottles is in danger
No one who values
health should risk
taking tainted food
into the stomach.
See that Crown is
$18.50 to $40
Rowman ft Co
I UHrtTFCAlP TATlfYPC
Third at Stark Street
a switchman, shot and Killed his wife.
Mrs. Elmira A. Dale, and his Bleeping
daughter, aged 17. in his home here
last night because he had met a strange
man coming from his house. Dale then
walked to the City Hall police station
Ex-Governor Sulzer Defendant.
NEW YORK, Sept. 28. A summons
was filed today with the County Court
clerk in a suit against William Sulzer,
ex-Governor, brought by Dorothy Agan
Mason, of this city. The summons did
not state the nature of the action.
New Haven Inquiry On.
NEW TORK. Sept. 21. Federal Judtre
111 l! M Mi
. -Mfca lntlfaQflaaai
Men's Suits and
Mayer swore in today a special grand
jury to investigate whether the crimi
nal laws had been violated by directors
of the New York, New Haven & Hart
ford Railroad Company.
2 DO Join Vniversity Kegiment.
MONTREAL Sept. 28. Two hun
dred graduates and undergraduates of
McGill University and a number of
professors have Joined the regiment
that the militia department has au
thorized the university to raise either
as a single unit or a part of a Cana
dian university regiment for homo or
Portuguese barbers are beginning- to equip
tnelr shoia wilh American chuira and other
SO-28 Km First St,
f. V - -
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