Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 29, 1914, Image 1

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VOL. L.IV. NO. 16,800.
French Progress on
Heights of Meuse.
Many Who Might Escape Sur
render to French.
Belgians Slake Desperate Sorties and
v Reports of Onward Sweep ol
Czar's Forces Come From
AH Along Rrontier.
PARIS. Sept. 28. The following of
ficial communication was issued to
night: "First On our left wing the reports
of the situation are favorable.
"Second On the center our troops
successfully have withstood new and
most violent attacks. "We have made
Eome Blight progress on the heights of
the Meuse. la tne vvoevre region a
thick fog has caused a suspension of
"Third On our right wing (Lor
raine and the Vosges) there has been
no change in the situation."
LONDON. Sept. 28. For the first
time since the beginning of the war,
news by wireless sent out by the
French government through the Eiffel
tower station was received in London
tonight. The message, dated Septem
ber 28, follows:
Position Now Critical.
"Feeling that their position was be
coming more and more critical under
the pressure of the allies' arms, the
Germans have tried to stop us by re
peated counter attacks. Since Septem
ber 26 they have delivered, by day and
night, frequent and most violent at
tacks at several positions on our front.
Everywhere they have been repulsed,
sustaining considerable losses and
abandoning as they lay thousands of
dead and wounded.
"The eighth army corps and the
guards were severely put to the test
and a large number of prisoners fell
into our hands. It Is to be remarked
that many of the latter gave them
selves up voluntarily, although they
could have escaped.
Fear of Captivity Nil Now.
"It seems that the German soldiers
are beginning to have no further doubt
as to the treatment which awaits them
In captivity. At the beginning, all
those we captured had a supplicating
and terrified attitude, arising out of
statements made by their officers to
the effect that the French 'shot their
prisoners.. It Is rather by an excess
of kindness that we transgress in re
tard to them, and the too kindly treat
ment which is meted out to prisoners
In certain districts of France even has
evoked complaints which occasionally
have been Justified, on the part of all
those who know how our men are
treated in Germany."
Allies Make Gains.
Official communications of yesterday
said that the attack on the German
right made a distinct advance and this
version was supported by official Berlin
advices, which said the allies have
made extensive advances against the
German extreme right.
Telegraphing from Bordeaux the
primes correspondent says:
"The rival armies are now close to
.gether. A few hundred yards sepa
rate the trenches.
German Fury Unavailing.
"Everywhere the German fury has
ceen unavailing and the close of yes
terday found the allies' left reaching
Up still further north.
"The battle has become, to some ex
tent, a race between this movement on
the left and the enemy's offensive
against the center and the right.
"The failure of the enemy to shake
off the tightening grip of the allies
on the Oise and north of Somme was
accompanied by a renewed attempt to
smash the center.
"Here was massed the flower of the
army the Prussian Guard, which dis
tinguished itself from the outset of the
campaign by its ability to give and
take hard knocks."
Other reports from Bordeaux say the
Prussian Guard has been practically
cut to pieces. Virtually all the original
officers have been killed or wounded.
two battalions have been annihilated
and some companies reduced from 250
to 100 men.
Belgians Retaliate.
The Belgians have retalliated against
the threat of the Germans to bring up
their great siege guns before Antwerp
by making desperate sorties.
Along the great western battle line
Itself, the struggle still continues to
be general with the most determined
attacks being made on each flank.
Another manifestation of the week
end has been the renewal of aerial ac
tivity by Germany. Zeppelins and aero
planes have been out in force, appar
ently for scouting work, but indulging
in bomb-dropping wherever feasible.
Kaiser Reported in East.
From the east comes reports of ac
tions from almost every section of the
Russian frontier. Emperor "William is
reported to be in East Prussia and the
German offensive probably under his
yes has recommenced against General
(Concluded on Pag 2.)
LONDON Sept. 39, 3:50 A. M. The
Russian Emperor on Monday received
representatives of the Petrograd Bank,
who placed at his disposal 1,000,000
rubfcra S50O,OOO) for the necessities ot
u and 1,000,000 rubles for the or
ganisation ot a ship service and to aid
the families of soldiers, says a dispatch
from the Tsarkoye Selo correspondent
of Renter's. The Kmpress attended.
LONDON, Sept. 29, 4:40 A. M. A dis
patch from Rome to the Exchange Tel
egraph Company says that a message
from Budapest asacrta that the Min
ister of the Interior has announced that
IS new cases of cholera were discovered
in the city's military hospital Monday
LONDON, Sept. SO. A Renter dis
patch from Ostend says that a traveler
from Brussels reports the town fnll of
German troops coming; from the south.
LONDON, Sept. Z. A Petrograd dis
patch to the Exchange Telegraph Com
pany states that the Russian morator
ium has been extended for a month.
LONDON, Sept. -V On the anniver
sary of Sedan, according to a story
published in the Dally News today, the
people of tBerlln hung out bunting
everywhere, but Emperor William or
dered its removal, on the ground that
it was premature.
GENEVA, via Paris, Sept. 28. A re
port received from Munich estimated
that 2,000,000 men and women are idle
in Germany and that the number of
unemployed is increasing daily. A lack
of raw material, it said, in the cause.
MONTREAL, Sept. -H. The Canadian
Pacific Railroad announced here today
that the operating department of Its
eastern and western lines would em
ploy 6G0O extra men within the next
two months. The object of employing
such a number of laborers at this time,
the company states, was to relieve dis
tress brought about by the war in Eu
rope. ROME, via Paris, Sept. 28 Dis
patches from Nlsh, Servla, say that the
Servians and Montenegrins have been
greeted by the Bosnians aa liberators.
Bosnian volunteers to the number of
5KN0 have Jolntd the Servian army, it is
CETTIXJE, Montenegro, Sept.
The Montenegrins are within artillery
range of the Sarajevo, the capital of
the Austrian province of Bosnia.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 28. The Ameri
can embassy building in Paris was
severely shaken by the explosion of
one of the bombs dropped into that city
yesterday from a German aeroplane.
Ambassador lierrlck reported the inci
dent to the State Department by cable
today without comment. With the
embaasy staff Mr. lierrlck made a per
sonal Investigation of the damage
caused by the bomb, which, besides
killing two persons, injured the ma
sonry of surrounding buildings and per
forated steel shutters. The State De
partment will take no action on the re
BERLIN. Sept. 28 By order of the
military commander of the province of
Brandenburg, the Vorwaerts, organ of
the Social Democratic party, has sus
pended publication indefinitely.
LONDON, Sept. 28 The Dardanelles
have been closed to navigation, accord
ing to a dispatch from Constantinople
to the Renter Telegram Company. The
duration of the closure Is not stated.
AN CON A, Italy, Sept. 28. The. enlist
ment of volunteers with the object of
landing in Dalmatla, Austria-Hungary,
is reported here.
PARIS, Sept. 28. A resident of Mau-
beuge, who had been made prisoner but
later escaped, states that Maubeuge was
three-quarters burned by the Germans.
The forts resisted for a long time the
assaults of 40,000 men. ,
Embassy Says Frederick tlie Great
itot Friendly to Americans.
"WASHINGTON, Sept. 28. An offi
cial statement was issued today by the
French Embassy, drawing attention to
the remarks of Representative Bar
tholdt at the celebration .of German
day In New York on September 27 and
denying that Mr. Bartholdt's asser
tion, that Frederick the Great sent
Baron von Steuben to America, was
The statement declared that Von
Steuben was sent from Paris to aid
the American colonies on a French
ship and - that his passage was paid
with French money. It further as
serted that Frederick the Great was
not friendly to the Americans and that
he refused to see the emissary sent to
him by the colonies to ask for his
Mf.ycon Invites All to Traverse
Road to VVarrendale.
x ravel over the Columbia. River
Highway now is possible as far east as
vrarrendale, and the public can make
use of this portion of the, new road,
beginning today, until another rain
makes It advisable to stay off the high
way again.
John B. Yeon, County Eoadmaster,
returned to -Portland last night after
completing work on the Warrendale
link and urged that Portland residents
travel over the new road to Inspect Its
construction and to enjoy the scenery
while the weather Is advantageous. "
Zeppelin Attack Fatal to 1 1 Pupils
- in Russian School.
LONDON, Sept. 29. The operators of
a German Zeppelin dirigible dropped a
bomb into a schoolhouse at Bielostok,
Russia, yesterday, killina; the children,
according to a dspatch from Petrograd
to the Morning Post.
Eleven children were reported killed
by the bomb. .
German-Fire Far From
Real Foe, Says Davis.
LOSS FIXED AT $30,000,000
American Consul Forced Un
derground, Mourns Dahlias.
All of Some Homes but Chimneys
Destroyed Others Deprived or
Only One Room Relics Go and
All Parts of City Hit.
(Copyright, 1014. by the Wheeler Syndicate.
PARIS. Sept. 25. (Special.) (De
layed In Transmission.) This morn
ing. In the Paris papers, the official
German excuse for the bombardment
of Rheims was published. It says that
the French batteries were so placed
that in replying to them it was Impos
sible to avoid shelling the city.
It would not be proper for me to tell
where the French batteries were, but I
know exactly where they were, and if
the German guns, aimed at them,
missed them and hit the cathedral, the
German marksmanship is deteriorating.
Brace Shots Find Range.
To find the range the artillery sends
what In the American Army are called
brace shots one aimed at a point be
yond the mark and one short of it.
From the explosions of these two shells
the gunner Is able to determine how
far he Is off the target and accordingly
regulates his sights.
Not more at the most than three of
these experimental brace shots should
be necessary, and as one of each brace
is purposely aimed to fall short of the
target, only three German shells, or, as
there were two French positions, six
German shells .should ' have, fallen be
yond the -batteries and into the city.
And yet, for four days the city was
Germans Miss Target by Mile.
To make sure I today asked French,
English and American Army officers
what margin of error they thought ex
cusable after the range was deter
mined. They all agreed that after his
range was found an artillery officer
who missed it by from 50 to 100 yards
ought to be court-martialed.
"The Germans "missed" by one mile.
I walked over the district that had
been destroyed by these accidental shots
and it stretched from the northeastern
outskirts of Rheims in a straight line
to the cathedral. Shells that fell short
of the cathedral for a quarter of a mile
destroyed entirely three .city blocks.
The heart of this district is the Place
AH Parts of City Hit.
In every direction at a distance of
a mile from the Place Godinot 1 passed
houses wrecked by shells, south at the
Parus, north at the railroad. There
Is no part of Rheims that these shells
aimed at the French batteries did not
hit. If Rheims . accepts the German
excuse she might suggest to .them that
the next time they bombard. If they
aim at the city they may hit the
French batteries.
The Germans say that the damage
done was from fires, not shells. But
that is not the case. Destruction by
firo was slight. Houses wrecked by
shells where there was no Are out
numbered those that were burning ten
to one. In no house was there probably
any "other fire than in the kitchen
stove and that had been smothered by
falling masonry and tiles.
Except for Red Cross volunteers
seeking among the ruins for wounded
that part of the city that suffered most
was deserted. Shells still were falling
on houses as yet intact and those partly
destroyed were empty.
Refugees Arouse Pity. -
One saw pitiful attempts to save the
pieces, and in. places, as though evic
tions were going forward, chairs, pic
tures, cooking pans, bedding were plied
in heaps. There was none to guard
them, certainly there was no one so
unfeeling as to disturb them", and I
saw neither looting nor any effort to
guard against it. In their common dan
ger and horror, the citizens of Rheims
of all classes seemed dravvn closely to
gether. The manner of all was sub
dued and gentle like those who stood
at an open grave.
The shells played the most incon
ceivable pranks. In some streets the
houses and shops along ono side were
entirely wiped out and the other un
touched. In the Rue du Cardinal, du
Lorraine, every house was gone. Where
they once stood were cellars filled
with powdered stone. Tall chimneys
that one 'would have thought a strong
wind might dislodge were holding
themselves erect, while the surround
ing walls, three feet thick, had been
crumpled into rubbish. In some houses
a shell had removed one room only and
as neatly as though it were the work
of masons and carpenters. The waste
was appalling.
- Old Relics Destroyed.
Among the ruins I saw a good paint
ing in rags ana in gardens statues cov
ered with the moss of centuries
smashed. In many places and still on
the pedestal you would see a headless
(Concluded on Page 5.)
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 75
degree; minimum, 60 degree.
TODAY'S Fair; variable winds becoming
Rheims" destruction Intended by Germans,
Richard Harding Davis hints. Page J
German's 40 years of preparation tor war
makes even Socialist converts. Page 1.
Onslaught of Germans does not halt march
of allies. Page 1.
Siberia ready for war quickly. Page 8.
Russians push Austrlans into mountains and
repulse German attacks. Page 2.
Japan starts out to capture Chinese railway.
Page 3.
Allies pushing in fresh troops to relieve war.
worn front. Page 2.
Open hostilities in Mexico await Carranza's
reply to . Villa's resignation demand.
Page 5.
Detectives at Stockton accused of dynamite
conspiracy. Page 4. k
r - Sport. i
Record for Salem track cut first day of
State Fair races. Page 10.
Jefferson's coach hopes letter men will make
winning team. Page 10.
Beavers begin final serlea at home today.
Page 10.
Pacific Northwest.
Perfect weather greets opening of Oregon
State Fair. Page 1.
Raymond tallyman, - arretted, confesses
writing letter threatening to annihilate
German diplomats. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
London and Pacific Coast bop markets af
fected oy large English crop. Page IS.
Rumors of ultimatum from Ruasla to Tur
key advance wheat at Chicago. Page IS.
Sharp rise in foreign exchange sales at New
York. Page la.
More vessels coming to "Portland for grain
trade. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity. .
One man killed, three seriously and two
slightly hurt In auto collision. Page 1.
Democratic state chairman accused of try
ing to confuse campaign issues. Page T.
Four new pastors detailed to Portland by
Methodist Episcopal conference. Page 14.
Salem and The Dalles fairs invite Portland.
Page 11.
Mayor Indorses Tag day and makes appeal
for liberal giving. Page 9.
Babes slide down chute In fire drill at
Albertina Kern Nursery. Page 9.
Indians here as witnesses In whisky cases
bring about three liquor charges. Page 9.
.Mrs. Marsh, acquitted of murder, leaves for
Vancouver to remarry divorced husband.
page 13.
British benefit at Helllg Theater for Red
(jross is inspiring event. Page o.
Political campaign waxes warmer. Page 11.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page '13.
Duke of Connaught Admits Forces
Have Gone to Aid Britain.
OTTAWA, Ont, Sept. 28. That the
Canadian troops have embarked for
Europe was admitted here tonight by
the Duke of Connaught, Governor-General
of Canada, at a rally at which the
Ottawa, campaign for the Canadian pa
triotic fund, was initiated.
Addressing a great crowd, the Duke
said: . . . -
""Recently I have'hjia tha pley"'ii-e sev
eral times to visit Valcartier, and also
to be present at what is perhaps no
longer a secret, the embarkation of the
Canadian troops.
"Every creed and every nationality
Is represented in this undertaking."'
Autopsy Said to Have Found Ger
man Bullet in Body Kaiser's Son.
LONDON. Sept. 29., 3:30 A. M. The
Ghent correspondent of the Daily
News sends with reserve the report
that a Belgian doctor from Brussels
says that Prince Adalbert, the German
Emperor's third son, has died in
hospital in Brussels. .
Dr. Lepage, King Albert's physician,
according to this report, was ordered
to hold an autopsy in the presence of
two German doctors, and it was found
that the prince had been killed by a
German bullet. In other autopsies on
German officers it was found they also
had died from a similar cause.
Prince Burhan-Eddin Reported Suc
cessor to. William of Wied.
LONDON, Sept. 28. A dispatch to the
Central News from Rome says that a
message from Durazzo, Albania, an
nounces that the Albanian Senate has
elected Prince Burhan-Eddin, son of the
former Sultan, Abdul Hamld, Prince of
Albania, in succession to Prince Wil
liam of Wled, Who lert his kingdom
some days ago and subsequently re
nounced his throne, retiring to Switz
The correspondent adds that Essad
Pasha has arrived at Dibra and declares
his Intention of proceeding to Durazzo
at the head of 10,000 men.
Progressives Turned Down by Dela
ware Man, Xamed Xomlnee.
WILMINGTON, Def Sept. 28. Rev.
George E. Reed, former president of the
Dickinson College, tonight withdrew
as the nominee of the Progressive party
of Delaware for Representative In Con
gress. He was named at the state con
vention of that party- in Dover last
In a letter Dr. Reed says his accep
tance would mean his retirement - as
minister of Grace Methodist Episcopal,
Church here, which, he adds, would not
be just to his organization.
Austrlans Are Accused of Using Ex
plosive Bullets.
LONDON, Sept. 29. An official state
ment issued at Nish and sent to the
Reuter Telegram Company says:
"The Servian and Montenegrin troops
marching on Sarajevo have reached
Mount Kamanle. Reports from all our
commanders concur in saying that the
enemy is everywhere employing ex
plosive bullets. The first discharges
from the Maxims are always of ex
plosive bullets.".
40 Years of Toil Re-
vealed by Germans.
People Themselves Amazed by
Their Own Resources
Bennett Says Spectacle Makes One
Wonder Whether Xew, Mighty
Teutonic Empire May Not
Xow Be in Making.
(War correspondent of the Chicago Tribune.
Published by arrangement with
the Tribune.)
AIX-LA-CHAPELLE. Germany. Sept.
11. The German newspapers are not
allowed to print lies or to circulate
wild rumors. If they report a victory
or the fall of a French fortress, the
news may be accepted absolutely. Nor
is the presentation of actual news and
the pointing out of its significance
given much pro-German color. German
reverses are recorded briefly, but with
out" extenuating comment.
The people trust the papers and the
papers keep faith with the people.
Kews Is Concise.
All the newspapers are compact. The
regular size is four pages. Pages one
and two are close packed with war
news printed In ordinary type In four
wide columns. The various dispatches
run from 100 to BOO words, and are
separated by one-line heads in black
face type. Across the top of page one
will be a line in black face type half
an Inch high, reading, "Matters Relat
ing to the War," or "The Operations In
France," or "The Kaiser on the Barbar
ous Warfare of Our Enemies," or "Eng
land's Duplicity."
Page 3 contains some reading mat
ter of a. routine nature and a few small
aiv:;i3ments. Tago 4 fs usually all
advertisements. v
Fallen Officers Memorialised.
Last Sunday morning page 4 of the
Kclnlsche Zeltung contained a dozen
black-bordered cards memorializing
fallen officers and signed by their rela.
tives. "On the 2d of September," an
announcement will begin, "my beloved
husband died a hero's death for the
fatherland."- Another . introductory
phrase frequently encountered in these
cards is "Fell on the field of honor."
The tone of the papers is astonish
ingly temperate. There is no vitupera
tion of the French. - All that Is saved
for the English, whose duplicity" is a
frequent theme of criticism. All the
criticism of all the allies Insofar as
I have been able to piece it together
from German newspapers is more
scornful than malevolent. The truth is.
I have found Jn the editorial expres
sions of certain American newspapers
far more vehement language on the
present crisis than I have found In any
German newspaper. .
English Papers Declamatory.
By contrast with the staid, compact
German .press the more spacious Eng
lish Journals run to the declamatory.
The Kaiser is spoken of as "the ty
rant" Just as the English broadsides of
a century ago spoke of Bonaparte.
Some of the statements are extraordi
narily loose. The Daily Telegraph re
fers to the mass of German soldiery
as "unthinking peasants." Couple that
reference with the fact that the per
centage of illiterates in Germany is
2-10 of 1 per cent, and the reference
becomes an absurdity.
In such a country "the unthinking
peasant" hardly can be a numerous fig
ure. He is, on the contrary, so capable
of taking thought and exercising cau
tion that In a column two miles long
which I passed and passed again on a
bicycle I saw not one sick man and not
one straggler. The "unthinking peas
ant" thinks far enough ahead to Iook
solicitously after his feet, so that he
shall not be a torture to himself nor a
burden to the army.
Wounded Bear Pain Stelcally.
The demand for both the passenger
and the freight cars of the railway
system of the empire for the purpose
of transporting troops to the front has
been so heavy that the fewest possible
cars compatible with decency and a
fair degree of comfort are used In
sending the wounded back home. In the
car which brought the American cor
respondents from Beaumont to Aix-la-Chapelle
were four compartments filled
with men who bad been severely but
not dangerously wounded. In order to
economize space no attendants were
sent with them. They looked after
themselves without assistance except
when we occasionally gave them an
Not once during the two tedious
nights and the long, hot day we were
cooped up with them did I hear a moan
escape them. Not once were the queru
lous questions of sick men. which ev
erybody excuses, on their lips. Their
food three times a. day was slices ot
heavy, black bread, which a man has
to be well to relish, and their drink a
few sips of the fine wine that Lieuten
ant Rosenthal had taken from the
Prince de Caraman-Chimay's cellars.
Favoritism Not Intended.
Wan, silent, uncomplaining, courte
ous, wistful, they were the most af
fecting sight I have seen in this war.
Concluded on Pas &.
Monday's War Moves
FTRIOUS fighting continues In North
ern France, where the allied French
and British armies are at grips with
the German forces in what Is character
ized as the crucial action of the battle
of the Aisne. Beyond admitting this
fact the official statements are vague.
Few details of tho struggle which may
be the turning point of the western
campaign have been given out.
One sentence, in which there Is no
"change in the situation," epitomizes
the official reports from London, Paris
and Berlin. The allies claim to have
made slight advances here and there,
notably on the heights of the Meuse.
The German official statement,, how
ever, declares that "reports concerning
a victorious advance of the enemy are
Both the British and French official
statements refer to the violence of the
attacks made by the Germans, who
seem to have redoubled their efforts
in an attempt to hurl back, the allied
The reports indicate, however, that
the English and French have given no
ground before the onslaught of the
A most rigorous censorship has evi
dently been imposed at virtually all
points, particularly in London, regard
ing the operations at the front, as lit
tle news is being permitted to come
through. The war officials probably
hesitate to raise the hopes of the peo
ple without some decisive result having
been attained and fear that the publi
cation of the smallest details of the op
erations might be of aid to the Ger
mans, v
Petrograd reports officially that the
Austrian stronghold of Przemysl, in
Galicla. is completely Invested by the
Russians and that the main Austrian
army is retiring behind tho Carpath
ians into Hungary, pursued by the Rus
sians. Berlin, however, declares that
"reports ' of the fall of two of the
Przemysl forts are inventions."
The Montenegrins, who have allied
themselves with the Servians, In the
conflict with Austria, are making ad
vances, according to advices. A dis
patch from Cettinje, Montenegro, says
the Montenegrins are within artillery
range of Sarayevo, capital of Bosnia.
The Austrian forts at Cattaro, Dal
matla, on September 19, sifnk a large
French warship, according to a dis
patch to the Cologne Gazette. This
ship was one of a fleet of 18 which
was met by a salvo from one of the
Austrian forts as it approached the
stronghold. The rest of the fleet re
treated hastily, says the dispatch, after
the French ship was sunk.
A dispatch from Constantinople says
that the Dardanelles have been closed
to navigation.
The Austrian government has con
fiscated the Canadian Pacific Railway's
securities and money deposited in Vi
enna, according to report, as well as
the company's cars running on Austrian
This is tho result, it is said, of the
refusal of the company to pay the divi
dends of Austrian shareholders.
Advices received in Paris say that
the rapid Increase in grain prices in
Austria is causing anxiety in official
Farmers are holding their supplies
for higher prices, and the government
proposes to fix a. minimum price for
this commodity.
For the first time since the war be
gan, wireless news sent out by the
French government through the Eiffel
tower has been received in London. The
message detailed the fierce fighting
which took place In Northern France"
between September 26 and 28.
Sir Edward Carson, the Ulster leader.
In outlining the Ulster programme
with respect to the home rule bill, has
called upon Ulsterites to throw them
selves "whole-heartedly into the pa
triotic action that the time demands
supporting the empire."
Germany Gets It for Russians and
English "at Any Cost-"
LONDON, Sept. 29, 3:15 A. M. The
restrictions recently imposed by the
Danish government upon the purchase
of horses in Denmark have compelled
German horse buyers to turn to Nor
way, according to a dispatch from the
Copenhagen correspondent of the
Tinned provisions, foodstuffs and tea
now are largely imported into Germany
from Scandinavia, says the correspond
ent, buyers explaining that "the Rus
sian and English prisoners want tea,
so Germany must buy irrespective of
$2,000,000 LEFT SUFFRAGE
Bat-lness De Bains Leaves Residue of
Estate to Women's Cause.
NEW YORK, Sept. 28. The residue of
the estate of the late Baroness De
Bazus, formerly Mrs. Frank Leslie, has
been bequeathed to. tho cause of
woman suffrage, it was learned to
day. The estate has been estimated at
Mrs Carrie Chapman Catt, president
of the International Woman Suffrage
Alliance, said today that she had been
informed that she had been named as
recipient of the residue, but had not
been informed yet as to the amount of
tha sum.
Forty-eight Hours' Bombardment of
Cattaro Reported.
LONDON, Sept. 29. A Special dis
patch to the Daily Mail from Venice
dated Sunday, says that the French
fleet at that time had been in action
for the -last 48 hours bombarding the
port of Cattaro.
The fortified island on the Dalma
tian coast was also bombarded, says
the report. ' -
Weather Perfect and
AH Signs Propitious.
Children Come to Front With
Fine Poultry Exhibit.
Agricultural Displays Show Wide
Range and Horsemen Aro Given
Happy Surprise as Xew Record
for Track: Is Hung Up.
SALEM, Or, Sept. 28. (Special.)
The 63d Oregon State Fatr opened to
day under the most favorable condi
tions. The weather is simply superb
and tho" exhibits are in better shape
than usually seen on first days.
In many respects all records will be
broken in v the number, variety and
scoring of these exhibits. This will
prove true in several Important par-,
ticulars. The most noted will be in
the number and quality of swine; never
before were there as many, never be
fore were there better animals. In prac
tically the same category will be the
display of corn, for, surely, the hog
and corn go hand in hand. The more
corn the better hogs, the more hogs the
better corn the more of both the
greater our prosperity. There is also
a wonderful exhibit of sheep, both as
to numbers and individual merit of the
Racing Stables Full.
The cattle display, particularly of
milk stock. Is also larger than usual.
The same is true of the poultry. There
is a slight falling down in horses be
cause two of the largest owners, who
heretofore have exhibited a large num
ber of animals, are this year conspicu
ous by their absence. On the other
hand, the racing stable's contain more
horses than ever before since the gam
bling den under the grandstand had a
quietus put on it.
One of the most interesting exhibits
Is that of the State Hospital. It has
a large display of agricultural and
horticultural products, and the needle
work of the women is not excelled by
that on display in any other depart
ment of the fair. Dr. R. E. Lee Steiner,
superintendent of the institution, said
all of the articles were from patients'
What looks mighty good to almost
all visitors is the wonderful display of
poultry in the school garden contests.
The boys and girls have a large tent
bang-full of fowls, many of them Just
as fine as in the building where their
elders show theirs professionally.
Weather Indications Good.
Sitting In the grandstand today both
Mount Hood and Mount Jefferson were
in plain view. As President Booth re
marked, "Whenever we can get a sight
of those mountains on the opening day
I feel assured of good weather for the
week." If he is right there ought to
be record attendances here on Thurs
day, Friday and Saturday.
The association has been especially
fortunate In three particulars. In the
first place, they have In the Coos Bay
band about the best music they have
ever had.
Second, the Ad Club 'Quartet, of
Portland, consisting of Messrs. N. A.
Hoose, R. M. Emerson, H. G. Whipp
and M. L. Bowman, are sure to prove
one of the great ' cards of tho week.
They are sure artists and -do not have
their voices drowned with the sounds
of musical instruments.
- Starter Wins Praise.
In the third place they have obtained
the services of one of the best starters
any fair ever had. This man's name is
W. P. McNair, and he hails from Doug
las. Ariz. He will do his duty toward
the audience and the horsemen in spite
of everybody and everything. He
showed his nerve and his fairness sev
eral times today In a way to demon
strate fully that he is to be the master
of the races.
It is too early to get a full line on
the agricultural exhibits. But there
will be keen competition in the open
events. Individual mention might well
be made of the one-farm show exhibit
ed by Charles Ogilvy and his wife,
from their little farm up near Pilot
Rock, in Umatilla County. Even If
they are over 3200 feet above the sea
level they can raise agricultural prod
ucts and fruits that show the wonderj
of the soil and the skill and persever
ance of the owners.
Klne Racing Predicted.
The Morrow County exhibit. in
charge of ex-Postmaster Smead, is attso
a fine display. It was gathered hur
riedly, is not so large as that of some
other counties, but Mr. Smead has
shown great sliill in its arrangt-ment,
while its variety shows what can be
done in the so-called wheat counties.
The four races today gave an inkling
of what may be expected in that line.
In the 2:24 trot there were eight -starters
and seven of them went
through the three heats. To show the
quality of the race, it is only necessary
to say that the track record of 2:10
for trotters was lowered. Dean Swift, a
Los Angeles horse, making it in 2:08 14.
Remembering it was a 2:24 race shows
its quality. And It was a driving fin
ish for three horses in all three heats.
j m 108.2