Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 21, 1914, Page 6, Image 6

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    TITE MORNING OREGONIAN, MOnAV. SEPTEMBER 21, 1914.
PORTLAND, OREGON,
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IOKTLANr, MOSUAV. SEPT. II, 1814.
RESULT OF RIOTOUS SPENDING.
The Democrats propose to raise
$105,000,000 of revenue by war taxes.
The Democrats increased the ex
penses of Government, excluding river
and harbor bills, $103,055,437 for the
fiscal year 1915, as compared with
the fiscal year 1912.
Sad the leaders In the Souse prac
ticed the same economy for the year
1915 as In 1913, no war taxes would
have been necessary. The Democrats
controlled the House In 1913 and held
down expenses. They now control the
Senate and have greater power to hold
down expenses. They were responsible
In both years.
War taxes have been made neces-
try not -by the w
cratic extravagance.
The revenue laws now In operation
would have produced, within $2,000,000
of enough money to meet the exigen
cies caused by the war, if they are to
be measured by the $105,000,000 the
House . is now providing. President
Wilson asked for only $100,000,000.
By practicing the same economy for
the present fiscal year as they prac
ticed for 1913, the Democrats could
have faced the country at this time
with an excess of $3,000,900 over that
sum. They could have reassured the
country with the announcement that
the Nation could stand a shrinkage of
$100,000,000 a year in customs re
ceipts and still have a margin of safety.
When you pay more for gasoline,
theater tickets and all forms of amuse
ments than you paid before the war;
when you attach a revenue stamp to a
check, legal document, insurance pol
icy, warehouse receipt, bill of lading,
telegram, you will be paying for Demo
cratic extravagance, not for the exigen
cies of war. ,
Americans must pay a tax on almost
every move they make in business or
pleasure because the Democrats have
been wasting the Nation's substance In
riotous spending.
INTERPRETING MAINE'S VOTE.
Although partisan newspapers pre
tend to find comfort in the Maine elec
tion returns, it is not apparent to
newspapers which take a. more un
biased view of the result. In a cam
paign for Governor, wherein party
lines were obscured by the prohibition
, issue, a Democrat who favors resub
mission was elected over a Repub-
lican who "favors enforcement. The
' Republican, is the same man who won
; in 1912 with the united support of
! Republicans and Progressives. Al-
; though he was opposed this year by a
) Progressive who polled 17,443 votes,
' . Vl n fell eVini-f P K
; tween 3000 and 4000 votes. There is
not much comfort here for Democrats
or Progressives.
; When we compare the vote on Gov
.' ernor this year with that on President
; In 1912, the result seems to forecast
; the disappearance of the Progressive
party as an important political factor.
Haines, for Governor, polled over
; 81,000 more votes than Taft polled in
; 1912, while Gardner, the Progressive,
:. polled more than 30,000 fewer than
1 Roosevelt. The total vote was about
12,000 larger than that of 1912, which
t helps to account for part of the Demo-
crafs gain of 11,000 on Wilson's vote.
: The rest probably came from deserters
; from the Progressive ranks and from
; anti-prohibition Republicans.
The Republicans and Progressives
fused on Congressmen in 1912 and cap
. tured three of the four seats. This
' year the Republicans, though opposed
by the Progressives, held the same
! three seats unaided. All that the Pro
i gressives accomplished was to aid the
j Democrats in electing a. Governor on
a local issue and in re-electing their
one Congressman. If this be cause for
Jubilation, let them make the most
of it."
' This record was made in the face
of participation in the campaign by
Colonel Roosevelt for the Progressives
and by Messrs. Redfield and Daniels
for the Democrats. They fought it on
National issues and the Democrats
gained nothing which can affect those
issues, while the Progressive vote
slumped nearly two-thirds.
The Brooklyn Eagle says: "On the
tariff the Republicans have come
nearer to holding their own than on
their local issue," and, after quoting
the vote for Governor, continues: .
Those figures, following every. other test
of tho Progressive party, where Roosevelt
. was not personally an issue, have shown
that as a party the Progressives have become
'also rani."
The New Tork Evening Post makes
a fairly dispassionate review and says:
The story told by this comparison Is one
that plays havoo with the claim of the Pro.
gressives to the rank of a solid and genuine
party, and not a mere band of followers of
a personal leader, rallied to the polls in a
wave of hysterical enthusiasm.
What has been witnessed In Maine Is, what
there Is every reason to believe wilt be seen
In practically every state at the coming
November elections.
, . As to the bearing of the Maine elec-
tion oh the Congressional elections in
November, the Post says:
It indicates that the Progressive vote will
be small, but yet large enough to enable the
Democrats to carry by plurality ote a eon-
siderable number of constituencies in vhlch.
if the Republicans and Progressives were
united, they would be victorious.
, Conceding that there will be some
. reaction against the Democrats, the
Post says it will . not be of formid
able dimensions.
This is the conclusion reached by
the New York World:
If these Maine returns are representative
of the present sentiment of the country
toward the Progressive party, Mr. Roosevelt
has virtually retired from politics, although
he may not know 1U
The Boston Herald infers that "the
country is not disposed to rebuke Mr.
Wilson's Administration very severely,"
that "the Democrats are deriving an
advantage from the Progressive break
- up more than offsetting any losses in
their own ranks, and that the effects
of business depression seem to have
been overshadowed by the war issue,
from which Mr. Wilson derived an
undoubted advantage."
The Chicago Evening Post tries to
console the Progressives with the
thought that? "they created in rock
ribbed Republican Maine a solid flgm
ing force of 19,000 votes."
The New York Mail finds in the
vote a demonstration-that the Repub
lican party cannot hope to regain pub
lic confidence so long as it remains
under control of the men who led it In
1912, and says that "the figures must
be regarded as showing that the as
serted weakness of the Wilson Admin
istration is a Republican hope rather
than a fact."
SOUTHERN COVTBOL,
The brigadiers of the South are
always on deck in the present Admin
istration. Demanding free trade, or a lower
tariff, they continued to protect. In
the Underwood tariff, practically all
Southern industries except sugar, leav
ing about 70 per cent of Western prod
ucts exposed to the tender mercies of
foreign competition. Then they man
aged to upset the financial balance of
the country by establishing reserve
bank centers at several Southern pro
vincial cities, putting Richmond, At
lanta, and Dallas on a par with Phila
delphia, Nerw York, Chicago and Bos
ton and punishing New Orleans, a
great Southern city, by omission from
the favored list, evidently because the
Louisiana. Senators had dared to vote
against the Administration tariff bill.
Now Southern control Is exhibited
again. Wine, beer and gasoline are
to be taxed tinder the war emergency
measure, but whisky and cigars' es
cape, except for a small tax on deal
ers and distillers.
If a tax - on beer, why not a tax
on whisky?
If. a tax on wine, why not a tax on
cigars ?
The reason is that the Southerners
are in the saddle. Administration by
discrimination is the rule.
BTJSYBODIES ONCE MORE.
The people of Oregon In 1912, by a
decisive and unmistakable vote (41,
951 ayes, 64,578 nays), refused to
abolish capital punishment for
murder. There had been a full and
free discussion of the subject. Gov
ernor West postponed the execution
of five murderers until after the elec
tion, under the threat that he would
cause all to be hanged at once, and
thus make the people responsible for
a grewsome and terrifying exhibition,
unless the death penalty were to be
abolished. The people were not to be
Intimidated by the Governor's shock
ing expedient, and the executions, or
some of them, went ahead.
Now the advocates of a living death
for murderers In prison as opposed
to swift death for capital crime are
at it again. It would seem to be un
necessary once more to reopen this
threadbare subject for discussion on
its merits. The re-submission of the
question, merely because a few agi
tators refuse to accept the verdict of
the people. Is a first-rate example of
gross abuse of the initiative.
The Governor once more, with
sneering and flippant disregard of the
public sensibilities, postpones the exe
cutions of two murderers so that the
Legislature may determine whether it
will cause them to be hanged or elec
trocuted. It would seem that the Gov
ernor should have learned his lesson,
two years ago. and would not again
attempt such brutal evasive measures,
but he has not.
The bill should be defeated by an
overwhelming vote, in sheer resent
ment at the trifling and Indefensible
methods of the busy-body promoters
of the measure-
Vote 335 No. '
WORST OF THE "VICIOUS SEVEN;"
The $1500 exemption measure is
proposed by the same men who created
a poll tax bugaboo in 1910 and ob
tained its demolishment at the hands
of the people. Yet In some respects a
polltax and the $1500 exemption are
similar. The proposed exemption Is
a personal one. That is to say, it is
a poll or head exemption applying to
owners of improvements and personal
property. The polltax is condemned
because it bears so unequally on men
in proportion to their ability to pay.
The $1500 exemption would do pre
cisely that thing. ,
The effect of the exemption would
be to relieve from a part of their taxes
the moderately well-to-do persons
well able to pay. While it would im
pose havier taxes on the wealthy, it
would also raise the taxes of the poor.
If a property-owner has $1500 worth
of exemptible property, he would se
cure 'the whole exemption. If he has
but $200 worth of personal property
and Improvements, he would get but
$200 exemption. In the latter case
the land he owned would be more
heavily taxed and his exemption In
many instances would more than off
set to make up the larger exemption
that his more prosperous neighbor ob
tained. In other ways the gross Inequalities
of the measure are apparent. Being
a personar or head exemption, it would
not apply to corporation property. The
small corporation, developing an or
chard tract, would receive no exemp
tion, while its tax rate would necessa
rily be increased. Adjoining orchard
land owned by individuals or men in
partnership would receive the exemp
tion. If the latter carried $6000 worth
of improvements and1 there were four
partners, each would get $1500 and
the whole $6000 would be exempt from
taxes. The four or more men who
owned the corporation property ad
joining, even though individually and
collectively less able to pay, would
get no exemption whatever, but would
pay higher taxes.
The same injustice would fall
on corporate-owned manufacturing
plants. And let the voter not become
impressed by the arguments in favor
of this measure that all corporations
are big and wealthy. Incorporation
offers inducements to the small in
vestor as well as the big. There are
countless small corporations aiding in
the development of Oregon which
would be burdened with higher taxes
by this measure, while many unin
corporated enterprises of the same
character would be relieved of a part
of their present tax payments.
In its practical application. Injustice
and tax evasion would creep into many
quarters. Remember that each person
is entitled to only one exemption of
$1500. Clatsop County, in assessing
John Jones beach cottage, has no in
formation as to whether John Jones
also owns a home in Portland on
which he is securing an exemption.
Tillamook County has no practical
means of determining whether James
Smith is entitled to an exemption on
his partnership in a sawmill or cheese
factory, because James Smith may live
In Washington or some other county
and be getting an exemption on other
mill property or on his home. But
Smith and Jones would demand, and
in many instances get, double exemp
tions. .On the other hand, George
Robinson, who has all his interests in
one county, could not deceive the tax
authorities. He could get but the one
exemption.
Either a head exemption or a head
tax is bound to carry with it Inequali
ties. The head exemption, as offered
by the single-taxers, is unfair, not only
as between persons of different pay
ing abilities, but it is also unfair as
it affects persons of the same wealth.
It is the most pernicious measure of
the "vicious seven" on the ballot.
HEARST'S MEDIATION SCHEME.
Among the various extremely pre
mature suggestions of American In
tervention in the cause of peace in
Europe is that of the New York Amer
ican that President Wilson immedi
ately send ex-Presidents Roosevelt
and Taft and Secretary Bryan to Eu
rope on this mission. The American
would have Mr. Wilson disregard all
those diplomatic usages to which Eu
rope is wedded and "create the op
portunity to intervene by prompt and
competent action." It would have him
appoint the three men named "and
instruct them to sail Immediately for
Europe, empowered to represent the
Interests and sentiments of the people
of the United States."
The probability is that if Mr. Wilson
were to adopt this suggestion and the
three distinguished gentlemen were to
accept, they would no sooner have
started on the voyage than the cap
tain would find It necessary to inter
vene in the cause of peace among the
peacemakers. Colonel' Roosevelt would
be apt to express his candid opinion
of the Taft arbitration treaties and of
the Brytin peace treaties, while it is
impossible to imagine what might fol
low the mention of the Colombian
treaty. Mr. Taft and Mr. Bryan might
not be very far apart on peace and
arbitration, but the former gentleman
might also grow wrathful about the
Colombian affair. Mr. Bryan might
cast some aspersions on the Colonel's
reputed militarism and on his fond
ness for the big stick, which would
bring that weapon down upon his
shining crown.
All in all, we think it better in -the
Interest of peace to keep those three
great statesmen apart for some con
siderable period of time. It would not
be advisable for all three to cross the
Atlantic on the same ship.
SUBSIDY SENATORS FIGHT.
The Senators from the ship-owning
states made a determined fight against
Senator Jones' amendment to the ship
registry bill permitting foreign-built,
American-owned ships to engage in
the coast-to-coast trade through the
Panama Canal. They were willing to
throw down the bars In order to aid
exports of Southern cotton. Eastern
manufactures and Middle West grain,
but not to aid export of Pacific Coast
lumber, the principal market for
which will hereafter be on the Atlantic
Coast. Men from the Middle West and
South came to the aid of Mr. Jones
and adopted the amendment, but the
New Englanders held ut to the last.
The narrowness and injustice of the
New England Senators' position will
be apparent when it Is recalled that
they proposed to draw ships from the
coastwise trade for foreign service.
This would deprive the lumber trade
of much of the present tonnage, if the
latter were adapted to foreign trade,
which is not the case. It would per
mit Robert Dollar to continue carry
ing lumber from "Vancouver to the
Atlantic Coast in British ships at rates
far below those paid by Portland lum
bermen in the coast-to-coast trade.
The war having withdrawn from our
foreign trade many of the ships on
which we relied for carrying our com
merce through the Canal and having
put a quietus on foreign shipbuilding,
we must rely on our own coastwise
ships and on what foreign ships we
can buy to carry our products abroad
and to the Atlantic Coast. Without
the. Jones amendment, trade through
the Canal would have been very lim
ited until the war was ended, and
Pacific Coast trade would have lan
guished. BRITISH MILITARY TOUCy.
The question is often asked: Why
does not Great Britain maintain a
larger army? With a population
larger by five millions than that of
France, she has been able to send to
the aid of her ally an army which con
stitutes a mere fraction of the allied
forces. After war has begun, the Brit,
ish government begins raising an army
which may approach In size that which
France already had in the fieW. At
last accounts something, more than
300,000 new recruits had been en
rolled; Cabinet Ministers and political
leaders were going about the country
exhorting men to enlist for what they
term a life and death struggle; women
were threatening to decorate with the
white feather men who did not heed
the summons.
The explanation is that long Immu
nity from invasion has combined with
undisputed naval supremacy to give
the . average Britisher a feeling of
such security that he deems a large
army unnecessary. He assumes that,
in order to clear the "sea for the
passage of an invading army, Germany
would need to win three successive
naval battles and then would have to
force an opening through an elaborate
system of coast defense, consisting of
submarines, destroyers and land forti
fications. The Briton, therefore, con
siders It next toimpossible for a for
eign army to make a landing in any
force and that, if it did, its communi
cations would soon be cut off. He
points to the fact that never since the
Norman conquest has a foreign army
invaded English soil except with the
aid of one party to civil war, and he
confidently believes that none ever can.
This confidence In Immunity from
Invasion goes far to explain the rooted
opposition of the British people to
enforced military service. While every
other European nation has adopted
conscription. Great Britain relies upon
voluntary enlistment. Great Generals
from Wolseley to Roberts have urged
the arming and training of the nation
for war in order to "form a last line of
national defense, but in vain. The
Briton has argued that victory has
crowned British arms in practically
every continental war of the last two
centuries. Ignoring the fact that in
every such war his country has had
allies. He points to British victory
over Napoleon in a twenty years' war,
wherein Great Britain stood unshaken
while the empires of her allies crum
bled. He recalls that in the great
struggle following the retreat from
Moscow, the allied armies were armed,
clothed and fed with, British money.
He claims the crowning victory of
Waterloo was won by British arms.
making light of the valuable aid given
by Blucher's army at the critical point )
In the battle.
The present war, . however, may
prove to be a turning point in British
military history. If the allies are to
win decisive victors' and British
statesmen say they will be satisfied
with nothing less Germany must be
beaten on land. Unless Great Britain
contributes an equal share with her
allies to that result, she cannot have
equal voice with France and Russia
in the terms of settlement. If victory
enables the allies to dictate terms,
there will be rich German colonies to
divide, and each power will want its
share. Rivalry might spring up among
them about the division and a. power
which had done less than the others
to gain success would not get the best.
British statesmen, too, have declared
that in the settlement the rights of
nationalities must be recognized. In or
der that the dissensions which caused
the war may not break out again.
This might not accord with the desire
of France and Russia to" annex hostile
territory. Policy, therefore, requires
that Great Britain shall do an equal
part of the work for the allies.
This war will also teach Great Brit
ain a lesson in military methods. It
is the first European war in which
that country has been engaged since
that in the Crimea. Since that time
war has been revolutionized. Whole
nations are trained to fight. Armies
have become highly developed ma
chines, requiring long preparation.
Wars have become short and decisive.
The nation which, does not begin to
prepare until war Is on is foredoomed
to defeat. It must be like a pugilist,
trained to begin delivering scientific
blows the Instant the referee gives the
word. Unless the dreams of those who
predict that this war will be the death
of militarism, as we all hope, but as
all cannot believe, should be fulfilled.
Great Britain must follow the example
of Russia, France, Germany and Italy,
and must become a nation armed.
In the first place. It the Bourne JHOO
donation) illustrates the unreliability of Tho
Oregonian as a source of political informa
tion, since it has been telling its readers for
two years or more that Bourne and Cham
berlain bad formed a kind of senatorial
trust, as it were. Bourne was to help
Chamberlain this time, and in turn the latter
was to assist Bourne to return to the Senate
at the expiration of Lane's term a deal
that the $r00 check seems effectually to dis
pose of. Salem Capital Journal.
The Oregonian has not been telling
Its readers for two years or more
that Bourne and Chamberlain had
formed a kind of Senatorial trust.
The Oregonian invites the Salem paper
to examine its files for proof of its
assertion. It does not ask a retrac
tion, in case of disproof. It Isn't
worth while. The only sequel would
be, of course, that the Salem paper,
being quite ingenious in its resources
of calumny and falsehood, would sub.
stitute some new invention about The
Oregonian.
Dr. Shirley, of Welser, Idaho, has
reason to be proud, of the loving cup
given him on his birthday by women of
his region for his record of a thousand
"attendings" of visits of the stork. The
incident recalls the career "of that
unique Oregonian, Dr. Large, who
ceased "attending" Just as introduc
tion f the automobile enabled him to
cover a greater field. Although a much
younger man than Dr. Shirley, his
record will run to larger figures.
What need Is there of an English
boycott on German goods, when im
ports from Germany have stopped?
As to the German goods already im
ported before the war, a boycott would
Injure the English buyer, not the Ger
man manufacturer. Times of excite
ment always bring out such absurd
suggestions.
Facts brought out at the by-products
convention indicate that a familiar
saying should be revised by North
western fruit-growers to read: "Ex
port what you can, and can what you
can't." If they evaporate what is not
good enough to can, and feed to stock
all that is left, they will eliminate
waste.
In advising women and girls to stay
away from the State of Washington
because all the jobs are filled. Labor
Commissioner Olson overlooks the
many situations that lead up from the
marriage license bureaus.
Deep snow on Southern Oregon
mountains Is a sign of early Winter up
there and that much fuel will be used.
There is much in "signs" and there is
nothing in them. It depends on the
point of view.
The war will put domestic skunks,
cats and rabbits into greater use
among the fair sex this Winter, al
though the furriers will not advertise
them that way.
If Colonel Roosevelt's handling of
the Pennsylvania coal strike be a cri
terion, he would long ago have settled
the Colorado strike had he been Presi
dent. '
Wounded soldiers In the hospitals
are described as most cheerful. No
wonder, since they get sleep and food,
which are uncertain on the firing
line.
Technically the captain of the Idzumo
violated orders In revealing the pres
ence of his cruiser, but he deserves a
Carnegie medal for humane action.
If the destruction of the splendid
monuments of antiquity in Europe con
tinues, our tourists will have only
ruins to see when the war Is over.
Southern Senators are losing their
grip on their fat pieces of pork, but
the genuine rivers and harbors are
likely to get their due.
" That young buffalo at the City Zoo
Is a real aristocrat, with Martha Wash
ington for mother and Joe Wheeler
for father.
Wholesale bloodshed is not neces
sary to draw out nerve and daring.
The Frontier Days show at Walla
Walla proved that.
When the war is over many will lay
the foundation of fortunes by assaying
the dirt of battlefields for the metal
wasted. a -
Farrell's nerve saved him. The rail
road tie upon which he floated was a
mere incident In his rescue.
Lloyd-George is plain-spoken when
he talks to his Welsh friends and fhey
understand him.
Jupiter Pluvius became' Jealous and
tried to stop the work of Mars in
France.
The change of the moon must have
brought the fair weather.
Then and Now.
Three bund red
ana ninety six,
years ago today
Ferdinand Magel
lan set sail frorri
Spain upon his
first voyage
around the world.
Of tho five ves
sels that made up
his fleed, manned
by a motley crew
of 280 men, only
one ship and IS
men were des
tined to finish the
journey. Magellan
was to die in a
land unknown to
Europeans. A hid
den rock off the
entrance to the
strait that now
b e a r-s the navl
g a t o r's name
sunk the first
ship. Mutiny was
r e s p o n sible for
the death of three
ship captains and
the loss of an
other ship whose
crew suddenly
turned tail and
fled back toward
Spain. On Novem
ber 28, 1520,- Ma
gellan, with three
Bhlps remain 1 n g,
sailed out of the
strait, and was
"the first that
ever burst into
that silent sea" of
the Pacif la Ten
thousand miles of
unfathomed ocean
lay between him
and his first sight
of human beings.
Beset with scurvy.
Today a voyage
around the world
is a matter of
only as many
months as the
first circumnavi
gators r e q u i red
years. The whole
complex! on of
ocean traffic has
been changed.
Not only has
steam increased
the speed of ships,
but the ingenuity
of man has les
sened the actual
steamship dis
tance around the
globe by at least
a fourth. Two
mighty engineer
ing feats the
Panama and the
Suez canal s
have accomplished
this. If a modern
trans - Atlantic
liner, some of
which are capable
of more than 500
miles a day, set
sail from Magel
lan's starting
point in Spa In
upon a voyagle
around the earth,
and was able to
maintain its highV
est speed through
out the Journey,
It would- arrive
back In port in
less than two
months of the
day of sailing.
T h e Panama
Canal would not
only eliminate the
Journey around
South America,
but the cold and
danger of a trip
around Cape Horn.
Likewise the Suez
Canal removes the
necessity of fol
lowing the course
around Africa and
offers a safe,
swift and com
fortable voyage
under tropical
skies. .The two
canals have re
duced the world
voyage by at
least 8000 miles,
making ,the total
length of the
putrid drinking
water and food
alive with worms,
they "sailed on
ward, "continual
ly ever followynge
the sonne towards
the w e s t" On
March 16, 1521.
they sighted the
Philippines. Con
verting a tribe to
Christianity, Ma
gellan tur ned "
crusader and ac
c o m p a n 1 ed his
0 o n v e rts to war
against a neigh
boring tribe. The
battle was dlsas
t r o u s. Magellan
lost his life. The
converted natives
turned on the
Spaniards, massa
cred 30 of them
and drove the re
mainder of them
to s e a. O n e of
their vessels, un
fit for further sea
s r v 1 o e, was
burned; another
sprang a leak,
and a surviving
ship, manned by
46 sailors, with
Sebastian del Cano
as captain, set
sail for distant
Spain. Almost
three years to - a
day from the sail-
1 n g of. Magellan
upon the first
c i r curanavigation
of the globe, the
vessel, with only
18 men surviving,
sailed into the
mouth of the
Guadalquivir, in
Spain.
Journey lit tie
more than 22.000
miles, accor ding
to the estimate of
the United States
Hydrograp hlc
Bureau. Magel
lan's ships would
appear like pig
m 1 e s beside the
modern oce an
liner all could
be placed on a
single deck of the
1 a r g est steamer.
Their crews of 280
men would searce
ly be enough to
make up the gang
of stokers that
shovel coal into
the boilers of
some of the mod
ern ships. The
largest ship afloat
today has a total
crew of more than
1000 men.
CEHTAIX CURE FOR INSOMNIA
Just Take Family Gesneslogr to Bed
a ad Read It, Says Writer.
PORTLAND, Sept. 20. (To the Edl
tor.) In a recent editorial In The Ore
gonian you seem to cast some doubt
as to the degree of solicitude of the
Almighty as to Prince Joachim's
wound received in battle. You lack
a fine sense of feeling toward pride
of ancestry and the elect of deity.
Have you never heard of the French
Duchess, who, when her end drew
near,, consoled herself with the
thought as to her future state, when
she declared that heaven would surely
deal politely with a person of her qual
ity and position?
You recall that other Duchess, in
Saint-Simon, who, on the death of a
great sinner of illustrious race, said:
"They may say what they like, but
no one shall persuade me that God
does not think of it at least twice be
fore he damns a man of his birth."
A grand dame once said to De
Tocqueville: "I have, been reading
with great satisfaction the genealogies
which prove that Jesus Christ de
scended from King David. It shows
that our Lord was a gentleman."
Now as to genealogy, the medical
world to date has not discovered a
remedy for insomnia. Now, I do not
desire to venture into the field of
medicine, as I am only a doctor of law,
but when one has made a discovery
that would be beneficial to his suffer
ing fellows he should not monopolize
it to himself alone.
If you suffer from insomnia, suffer
no longer; simply take to bed with
you a copy bf the family genealogy,
read it and take my word for it, in
somnia will find no place in your lexi
con. EMMETT CALLAHAN.
PAS5EVGF.R PIGEONS IN OREGON
Contributor Positive He Has Seen
Flocks In Lincoln County.
PORTLAND, Sept. 20 (To the Edi
tor.) Your editorial about the passen
ger pigeons so numerous 50 years ago
is true to life at that time. I have seen
them, as you say, by the millions. In
Southern Michigan, after we had sown
our wheat in the Fall, fr have often seen
the ground blue with them picking up
grain. They did not dig or pull up the
grain, as some birds do. At such times
they would fly in bunched flocks like
blackbirds, but when on the wing trav
eling north or south in Fall or Spring,
they flew in parallel columns, the col
umns being about 100 or 200 feet apart,
600 or more feet high and many miles
In length, making a sound like wind
or distant waterfall. I do not think
they traveled by night, as some mi
gratory birds do.
I do not think they are extinct, as
I am quite sure that I have seen a few
of them in this state. I spent the Sum
mers of 1908 and 1909 In the wilds of
Northeastern Lincoln County, Oregon,
township 7 south, 9 west, in which I
presume there has never been a wagon
wheel. All went by" trails. Several
times I saw in the vicinity of my cabin
a flock of 50 or 60 large blue pigeons,
the males having reddish breasts. They
were very wild, but at times I was
close to some of them They appeared
to me precisely like the passenger pig
eons. Possibly there is a species of
timber pigeon very much like them.
We have. here the mourning doves
like those In the middle West, never
very plentiful anywhere, yet seem to
hold their own. G. B. TUCKER.
Fancy and Reality.
Boston Transcript.
Wifey Do you recollect that once
when we had a quarrel 1 said you were
just as mean as you could be?
Hubby Yes, my dear.
Wifey Oh, Tom, how little "did I
know you then.
1 SAMOAJVS ARE ROBBED BY MANY
Deceptions Practiced by "White Man
Related by Native of Islands.
GARDINER, Or.. Sept. 17. (To the
Editor.) I noticed In The Oregonian
an article about the Samoan Islands,
the writer explaining the way the Ger
mans get land of the natives by trick
ery. The writer says that the Ger
mans go to the native chief and offer
him a gun or desirable article in ex
change for the chief's signature to a
mortgage on his land. The chief does
not know what a mortgage Is, and
so he signs willingly, delighted to get
the gun. At the end of three years,
when the mortgage falls due, the Ger
man forecloses it nd then the chief
is driven off his land.
The writer is right, but he does not
say anything about the American, who
is doing the same thing as the Ger
man. I am not a German nor an Amer
ican. I am a native ef Pago Pago,
Tutuila. Samoa I was born there.
The writer does not say anything
about the way the missions of differ
ent churches rob the natives of what
they have. One so-called mission so
ciety has a. steamship, and she comes
around once a year on tour of the
islands. The natives are told that the
children in England are starving. The
natives have pity on anyone going
hungry, so donate sums of money to
feed the white roan's child in London;
for the native does not know what
hunger is, for everything grows for
him. He may work, making copra for
a year or two, to make the money he
donates to the mission. He takes his
copra to a trader,' for which Ve gets
1 cent a pound.
Another thing the WTlter does not
say anything about Is the way Uncle
Sam uses his natives to put a stop
to some of our ways of living. Not
only that, but the writer does not say
anything about what a man has to pay
Uncle Sam If he wants to work at his
trade. If he is a carpenter he has
to pay $12 a year before he can work,
and If a blacksmith It's the same thing.
You have to pay the 12 before you
can work for a living, black or white.
And when Uncle Sam became guardian
over us natives it Is the first time we
had to pay S3 poll tax, that we might
live on the islands and breathe the air
we got for nothing before.
This is my native name: LOE.
My white name: BEX YOUNG.
Tunnel 6, Camp 1.
Roosevelt Admirer, Not Partisan.
LA GRANDE, Or., Sept. 19. (To the
Editor.) Your multi-partisan editorial
in The Oregonian last Monday Is un
fair to Mr. Cleaver, because you infer
that he followed Roosevelt to defeat.
when he did nothing of the kind. He
was the Prohibition candidate for Con
gress in 1912 and received almost 2000
votes without any campaign.
Mr. Cleaver had a great hope that
the new-born Progressive party wouid
espouse the Prohibition cause, and he
did what he could to encourage such
a movement, even to approaching
Roosevelt personally on that. Issue.
The comparison of George Cleaver
and Bill Hanley is absurd from any
standpoint. Cleaver has been openly
fighting the saloons for the last ten
years, and much of the time has been
a trustee "of Willamette University
with R. A. Booth and other prom
nent men of the state.
GEORGE HUNTINGTON CURREY.
The Oregonian still clings to its
opinion that in one particular Mr.
Cleaver and Colonel Hanley are com
parable. That Is In their gracefully
Inclusive multi-partisanship. To be
sure, their political ideas are not the
same. Colonel Hanley Is a "wet,'
anti-Roosevelt, pro-Wilson, Progres
sive, late of the Republican party.
while Mr. Cleaver is" a pro-Wilson
pro-Roosevelt Prohibitionist from the
Republican ranks, running as a non
partisan. In kindly friendship for
many shades of political belief they
are very much alike.
Why England and Germany Are at War.
KALAMA, Wash., Sept. 19. (To the
Editor.) Please advise me as to what
circumstances led to Britain's declara
tion of war against Germany, and
what is the difference between the
triple alliance and the triple entente?
C. G. M.
England was one f the signatory
powers to a treaty guaranteeing the
neutrality of -Belgium, and, moreover,
her statesmen looked upon the possible
permanent occupation by Germany of
the Belgian sea coast as a grave
menace. War between Germany and
England directly resulted from Ger
many's violation of Belgian neutrality
in her attempt quickly to get at
France. Germany, however, . avers
that there is evidence that England
was preparng to aid France before
Belgium was Invaded. The triple al
liance included Germany, Austria and
Italy, from which Italy has, in effect,
withdrawn. The triple entente Is the
name given to the now existing al
liance between France, Russia and
Great Britain. .
Mark Twain's Remarks Applicable.
HOOD RIVER, Or.. Sept. 19. (To
the Editor.) In The Oregonian I read
an article entitled "Democrats Throw
Economy to Winds," that calls to mind
what Mark Twain says In his work,
"Christian Science," page 358, etc:
The present Christianity makes an excel
lent private Christian, but its endeavors to
make an excellent public one go for nothing,
substantially. It Is an acceptable
law of public life that In it & man may soil
his honor In the Intel est of party expediency
must do it when party expediency requires
it. Ttey have filched the money
to take care of the party; they believe it was
right to do it; they do not see how their
prlvata honor is affected; therefore their
consciences are clear and at rest. By vote
they do wrongful thinxs every day. In the
party Interest,, which they could not be per
suaded to do in private life. In the Interest
of party expediency they give solemn
pledges, they make solemn compacts; In the
Interest of party expediency they repudiate
them without a blush.
I wonder if he lied when he said it?
J. M. BLOSSOM.
Oldest Public Bull dins; Degraded.
SALEM, Or., Sept 19. (To the Edi
tor.) There is In The Oregonian Sep
tember 19 an account of a young
woman called Gladys Hardy who rode
up the stairway of the Capitol Build
ing of the State and received the hand
shake in compliment of the Governor
and his endorsement by his use of her
horse to ride through the corridors.
The stairs are not steejbut well
constructed for aged lawgivers, and
bannisters probably not yet surpassed
in Oregon. As 70 years an Oregonian
and having from 1862 to 1890 responded
four terms to a seat In . the Oregon
Legislature, I have no words to give
to the Governor's conduct but I hope
neither he nor his will ever again be
called to a public office.
JOHN MINTO.
"Save Bayonet" Not Weapon.
PORTLAND. Sept. 20. (To the Edi
tor.) The article by Mr. Richard Hard
ing Davis, in The Oregonian, describes
the "gruesome saw-tooth bayonet," of
which three were found in the trenches
the Germans had abandoned.
I am astonished to read that a war
correspondent,with Mr. Davis' experi
ence, does not know that every petty
officer, of the German infantry regi
ments, is equipped with one of these
bayonets, not to use it as a weapon,
but to be used as a. saw when con
structing entrenchments.
O. J. HENTSCHEL.
Twenty-Five Years Ago.
From The Oregonian, September 19, 1899.
J. A. Logan, F. Logan and Frank
Morgan left on their Eastern trip yes
terday S. F. Dunning has returned from hts
trip to North Yakima, where he spent
several days on business.
The Portland Railway Cable Com
pany filed a request at the meeting of
the City Council last night, that their
franchise be amended so that they can
build a branch down Alder street from
Fifth to Front.. An ordinance to that
effect was introduced, read twice and
referred to the street committee.
Sol Hirsch and Colonel L. Flelschner,
Who have been sick ever since their
return from Europe, have so far re
covered as to be able to drive out.
Both visited their store yesterday. As
soon as his health is completely re
stored, Mr. Hirsch will return to his
pastorate" at Constantinople, taking
his family with him.
Charles R. Hoyt. of Hoyt Bros., died
at the home of his father. Captain
Henry u. Hoyt, at 133 Seventh street,
last night
Mrs. Elizabeth McClellan, mother of
General George B. McClellan, died yes
terday, btie was 90 years old. ,
Louis Maas, famed In the Old World
and the New as a pianist and com
poser, died Tuesday night at Jamaica
Plains.
SnprATTIAnin TT Pratt mA TtS,
Allen, who left New York City on
norseDacK on May 14. arrived here last
night. They rode on the horses the
entire distance.
Washington The Giants took two
games from the Senators today. In
the first the two Keefes were pitted
against each other, and to the tenth
inning both were equally effective.
The features of the game were the
wonderful running catches by Hoy
and Beecher.
Forest fires on the hills to the west"
of the city have been causing ay-eat
havoo to property of all kinds for sev
eral days past. The whole semi-clrclo
of hill from Guild's Lake on the north
to South Portland are either in flames
or smouldering ashes.
Mr. and Mrs. James Troop have re
turned from the East, where they have
been spending the past month.
The quarters of Company C, O. N.
G., in the Armory, were thrown open
to the public for the first time last
Tuesday.
Half a Century Ago.
From Tho Oregonian September 21, 1864.
The troupe composing Dan Rice's
circus performed in this city to a
crowded pavilion last night. They per
form again tonight.
Young men very often get into dis
putes and fight, which is bad. enough,
but a case recently came to our notice
which is much worse. A couple of
venerable and well-known citizens,
each bearing the title of distinction.
"Colonel," entered Into an argument
in front of the Courthouse and waxed
warm over the subject, when at last
they nervously laid their canes upon
the sidewalk and prepared to pitch in
for a regular "rough and tumble,"
which was only interrupted by the
presence of the Sheriff.
A Washington special says that over
3000 rebel deserters have arrived from
the Army of the Potomac. One man
left his wife and six children in Rich
mond, and says his grandfather has
been conscripted.
By the arrival of Wells, Fargo &
Co.'s express last night we are in re
ceipt of papers from different sections
of the Upper Columbia country. A re
port from the Boise Basin says that
trade there is remarkably good for
this season of the year.
Yesterday was a proud day for
Colonel Frush, because he witnessed
the working of his new steam ferry
boat. He stood upon the deck, appar
ently as full of satisfaction as did Ful
ton at the time of his first rewarded
effort at navigating by steam. We em
barked on the new Institution and wit
nessed the trial trip.
Lieutenants Clawson and Egan ar
rived in town on Monday evening from
Fort Walla Walla, on their way to
Fort Lapwai, whither we understand
they have been summoned to attend a
court-martial.
Salem. The first street from the
river is now lined with tasteful resi
dences, built within a year or two, and
here the scattered oaks are almost'
smothered with the forests of young
fir. Bowered among these and wrapped,
in a quiet that never knows excite
ment are pretty little houses that an
swer "Love in a cottage" to perfection.
General Alvord has ordered a mili
tary post to be established on the Can -yon
City road at Camp Watson, on
Rock Creek. -Captain H. OV-Small's
Company G, First Oregon Cavalry, is
directed to quarter themselves there
for the coming Winter.
The news from Atlanta has produced
great despondency among the rebels
and corresponding Joy among tho
loyal people. Hood's army is reported
through loyal sources to be greatly
demoralized.
Our fellow-craft brother, W. A.
Daly, arrived home last evening from
the Boise country, bringing with him
evidence of the increasing profits of
developing quarts leads. Mr. Daly is
hale and hearty and feels much better
than a ''poor print." Take him in his
natural " element and he ls a perfect
"brick," of a different species from
those he brings with him, however.
Wife "Reads" a Husband.
Exchange.
Mrs. Houck I can read you like a
book, George. Houck Then I wish
you'd do more reading and less ques
tioning. .An Estimate ef Truth.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
"Truth is stranger than fiction." "I
don't know," replied Miss Cayenne,
"whether It is stranger or- only
scarcer."
The Eyes of
North America
Are today centered on the pages
of the newspapers.
If there was anything needed to
demonstrate the hold newspapers
have on the people the crisis In
Europe has furnished 'it.
Circulation has'jumped pro
digiously, and it is safe to say
every man, woman and child Is a
direct or indirect reader.
Newspaper advertising la sure of
an audience.
Convincing nevrapaner advertis
ing la certain of results.
There need be no dull times for
the manufacturer who takes ad
vantage of his opportunities to
day. The newspaper furnishes the Im
mediate and direct route to the
well-filled pocket-book of the consumer."