Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 10, 1914)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1914.
RUSSIAN FLIES INTO
FOE AND BOTH DIE
Czar's Most Daring Airman
Gives His Own Life to
BOMB ATTACK PREVENTED
German ATiator Engages in Revolver
Duel With Briton and French
man Who Attack Him In Air,
hut Xo Shots Find Mark.
LONDON. Sept. 9. Captain Nesteroff,
one of the most daring- Russian aviators
and the first of his countrymen to
loop the loop, has sacrificed his life in
a successful attempt to destroy an
Austrian aeroplane, says a Petrograd
dispatch to the Reuter Telegram Com
According- to a report from the front
Captain Nesteroff was returning- from
an aerial reconnaissance when he saw
an Austrian aeroplane hovering over
the Russian forces, presumably with
the intention of dropping bombs.
Both Die in Fall.
The Russian aviator Immediately
changed the direction of his machine
and headed straight for that of the
Austrian at full speed. Although he
must have known that victory by such
tactics could be gained only at the
cost of his own life he dashed into the
Austrian aeroplane. The force of the
Impact caused tne collapse 01 di ma
chines, which plunged to the earth,
the two aviators meeting Instant death
BERLIN. Sept. 9. (Via London.)
8ergeant-Major Warner, of the aviation
corps, returned today from the front
after making repeated scouting flights
ever the French and British troops.
Speaking of his experiences, he took
the opportunity to pay a tribute to the
bravery and daring of the British
troops. . ,,,,
He described as his most thrilling
flight one in which he battled with two
aeroplanes of the enemy, one a British
biplane and the other a French mono
plane. Both were much faster than his
machine, which was old and battered.
Revolver Snots Exchanged.
"My two enemies flew beeide and
about me for a long time," he said. "I
expected momentarily that they would
throw bombs but apparently they had
none. Both fired revolvers repeatedly
in my direction and I replied with my
revolver, but none of the shots were
effective. After an anxious quarter of
an hour, I drew them toward the Ger
man lines and they were compelled to
The Cologne Gazette correspondent
reports from Montmedy, in the French
Department of the Meuse, 22 miles
southeast of Sedan, that German trains
are already running into France as far
as that place. The German engineers
are building a railway line around the
city and French prisoners are being
employed In clearing the railway tun
nels. The death of two military aviators,
Lieutenant Count Uexkull and Volun
teer Raymond Arthur Braton, is announced.
GERMAN LOSSES COLOSSAL
(Continued From First Page-)
policy; for the local lists are still pub
lished, and bad news travels fast, so
that a fairly accurate, though prob
ably still Incomplete, idea of the num
ber of casualties exists.
Heavy Casualties Known.
I believe that I am well within the
mark in saying that more than 100,000
German 'soldiers have already been
killed in the various battles on the
eastern frontier, the western frontier.
In Belgium, and in France. The heav
iest of all have been the casualties in
the continuous fighting between the
Mons-Charleroi line and the present
position of the forces before Paris.
I have passed through Berlin. Lelp
ic, Dresden, Hanover, Hamburg and
Cologne, and everywhere 1 have been
profoundly impressed by the absence
of the usual noise of great cities.
Sometimes It seemed to me like the
stillness of a vast cemetery. There is
little traffic in the streets. Horses
and motor cars have been comman
deered for military service at the
front; the cabmen and drivers are with
their regiments; there are far fewer
goods to deliver, for trade in many
tranches Is at a standstill. Tramways
and omnibuses continue to run reduced
services in all the German towns, but
the great majority of conductors are
women. Women taxicab drivers, too,
have made their appearance in Berlin
and in other towns. The railway
ticket agents, signal men, grade-crossing
watchmen, guards and ticket col
lectors have all been replaced, by
Women Busily Working.
The postoffices are conducted almost
exclusively by women, for the men, If
too old to go to the front, are engaged
In patrolling the railway lines, guard
ing the tunnels and bridges, and per
forming other similar military duties
on the lines of communication, and so
many of these women, busy as they
are, cannot conceal their reddened
eyes and tear-stained cheeks. Women
conduct most of the retail shops, and
many of the factories and workshops
that are still running. Women doctors
and women dentists are greatly In de
mand. In some towns women are act
ing as scavengers and night watch
men. Nearly all the letters through
out the country are delivered by wom
en. So far as the ordinary life of the
community is concerned, Germany Is
almost denuded of men, young and old.
Trains are running much as usual
on most lines, but there are no sleep
ing cars and no dining cars. Trade
depression is very general. Hundreds
of factories have ceased operations
and thousands of shops are closed.
Those which remain open are not do
ing one-tenth of their normal business.
The number of unemployed is rapidly
growing in all commercial and indus
trial centers. There is shortage of
food, and drastic official measures
have been taken in some districts to
husband the supplies. Apart from the
gloom cast over Germany by the loss
of her sons, the spectres of famine and
of complete economic disaster loom up
before the people. Thousands upon
thousands of German merchants are
ruined and will have to start life again
penniless after the war.
Aggressive Classes Confident.
The official classes, the wealthy, the
professors, and other groups devoted
to the pan-Germanic Idea are aggres
sively confident. They foretell the ul
timate triumph of Germany against all
her foes and the establishment of a
greater German empire, which shall
Include France, Belgium, Holland, the
greater part of Austria, and the whole
of the British empire. These Germans,
among whom are most of the upper
professional classes, are especially bit
ter against England. The lesser com
mercial classes axe beginning to feel
the pinch, and their zeal for the war
wanes in proportion. The economic
consequences are Just becoming plain
to them, and their feelings are vastly
different from their optimism of four
These classes were misled by the
utterances of the Kaiser and by the
officially inspired press, and now they
are beginning to realize something of
the truth. When they know all this
war will teach them, I predict that
they will be in the forefront of the
revolutionary forces that will surely
menace the imperial autocracy after
peace is restored.
Muttering of Socialism Heard.
The Socialist workingmen what of
them? Their newspapers reveal a
strong undercurrent of criticism amid
apparently patriotic protestations.
The Socialist journalists of Germany
are experts In implying sedition In
cleverly-written articles which never
theless keep within the limits of law.
In the last four weeks many of them
have been writing anti-militarist ar
ticles under the guise of patriotic ap
peals. Their comments reveal a dif
ferentiation between Germany's war
against Russia and Germany's war
against Belgium, France and England
Their advice to the worklngman to de
fend his country zealously against the
Russians rings true; but thehir oppo
sition to attacks on the western coun
tries is evident.
When the German soldiers return
home and tell the story of the war
and compare notes with their Socialist
comrades there will be a terrific up
heaval against the theory of "Kano
nenfutter," ("food for powder"), which
is really the foundation of the whole
military system of the country. The
experts of the German General Staff
regard the common soldier as "fodder
for the enemies' cannon," as the
phrase goes. This has been clear
enough in all the battles of this cam
paign, and the German troops them
selves must fully realize it by this
time. I predict that the survivors will
be bloodthirsty revolutionists when
they reach home again; and many of
us who know the latent strength of the
German Socialist movement will not
be surprised if the Kaiser and his
principal advisers are hanged on tne
lamp posts of Unter den Linden at the
end of the campaign.
It is only during the last few days
that Germany has understood any
thing of the peril of her position.
Previously the German official com
munications were the only source of
news of the war, and there was uni
versal Jubilation; but when the refu
gees from East Prussia began to ar
rive and spread the news of the in
vaders' advance in the east, and since
the truth about the casualties in Bel
gium and France has begun to filter
through, faces that were bright have
become gloomy, and braggarts have
become mourners. The stillness of
Hamburg and Bremen Is most impres
sive. Those huge ports are almost
idle, and their enormous oversea trade
is crippled. In the ports, more than
anywhere else, the financial results of
the war as it affects the prosperity of
Germany are most apparent.
IN BATTLE OF RAWA
Great Engagement Said to Be
Ended in Neighborhood
EASTERN LOSSES HEAVY
BRITISH ACT PROTESTED
MUSSULMANS CALL SEIZURE OF
TURKISH SHIPS SPOLIATION.
Easterners In New York Call At
tention of Congressmen and
Cabinet to Matter.
WASHINGTON, Sept 9. Protests
against Great Britain's seizure of the
two battleships being built in England
for Turkey, at the outbreak of the war,
adopted at a meeting of Ottoman,
Indian and Persian Mussulmans and
Hindus in New York, have been sent
to Congressmen here and members of
"Great Britain may have had the
right, strictly speaking, to take over
those ships," says the protest, "but
since she was not at war with Turkey,
nay, was on friendly terms with her,
she was legally and morally bound to
pay for them on the spot. She has
not settled the account yet
"Thus she has committed an act of
spoliation pure and simple at the ex
pense of Turkey. This is as great a
breach of international law as the
violation of Belgian neutrality by
Germany. Great Britain seems to have
made a law unto herself to Injure and
humiliate, whenever opportunity arises,
the only Mussulman state which has
remained Independent and In whose
sovereign is vested the dignity of caliph
this more particularly from the
time it freed itself from despotism
and entered upon the path of prog
ress. "What is the meaning of this atti
tude?" the protest inquires. "Surely It
can only be that Great Britain is
secretly striving to destroy at any
cost, that of her good fame included,
the Ottoman, empire, the bulwark of
Islam. Therefore we Ottoman, Indian
and Persian Mussulmans and Hindus
inhabiting New York Invite the world
of Islam in Its entirety to Join in our
REPUTED YANKEES HELD
ALLEGED AMERICANS AMONG BRIT
No Spies Discovered, but Many Aliens
Found to Have False Passports.
Arming; Report Is Scouted.
LONDON, Sept 9. Several alleged
Americans are among the refugees al
ready placed in compounds by the se
cret service men. The cases of many
others are under Investigation. While
none of the arrested has been shown so
far to be a spy, many are declared to
be unquestionably alien enemies of
undesirable type. A large number hold
supposed credentials that have been
Out of 200 of the most recent appli
cants for passports at the American
Embassy only 40 received passports
and a number of passports granted
by American officials on the Continent
have been taken. up here, when it was
shown that the bearers were not en
titled to them. It is supposed that the
papers belonged to others than the
Home Secretary McKenna, speaking
in the House of Commons today, de
clared that there was no organization
among the aliens in England the pur
pose of which was the carrying out
of hostile acts, and he ridiculed the
suggestion made In some quarters re
cently that there were 250,000 Germans
in this country with arms in their
Continuing, the Secretary said the
police and military were alert for in
dividual cases of espionage. Between
8000 and 9000 such cases already had
been investigated, but only 90 suspects
have been held.
Ronndup Slogan May Be Taken.
SALEM, Or, Sept 9. (Special.)
Possibilities of the Pendleton Roundup
losing its slogan, "Let 'er Buck," are
seen in a letter received here by Sec
retary of State Olcott from The Dalles
Fair and Rodeo Association, which in
quires if the slogan has been copy
righted. The Secretary of State has
replied that it has not been copy
Casualties on Both Sides North of
Soldan on September 1 Now Es
timated at More Than 60,000.
Servians on Offensive.
LONDON, Sept. 10, 6 A. M. A dis
patch to Renter's Telegram Company
from Vienna, dated Wednesday and
reaching London by nay of Amsterdam,
"It Is officially announced in Vienna
that a r.civ battle began around Lem
ROME, Sept 9 (via London 3:25 P.
M.) A dispatch from Petrograd to the
Messagero declares that the great bat
tle at Rawa, in Galicia, 32 miles north
west of Lemberg, is over and that the
Russians have won a complete victory.
The Austrians are said to be retiring
everywhere. Among the prisoners
taken by the Russians are a large
number of Germans.
The Austrians have evacuated Rus
LONDON, Sept 9. The correspondent
of the Times at Petrograd sends the
"The extent of the losses during the
first six weeks of the war places all
previous casualties far in the back
ground. Not less than 10,000 dead
Germans were counted in the trenches
after one engagement in Eastern
"On the fateful September 1, when
two Russian corps came to death grips
with four German corps north of Sol
dau, the losses on both sides totaled
between 60,000 and 70.000, the major
ity being Germans."
Slavs Placed In Front Line.
The correspondent of the Central
News at Petrograd telegraphs:
"The Slavonic natives of Austria ar
riving here as prisoners of war de
clare they were placed in front of the
battle line purposely by the Austrians."
A telegram received here from
Bucharest Roumania, says the Rus
sian victories in Galicia over the forces
of the dual monarchy have aroused the
Roumanians to almost fanatic excite
ment. Thousands of Roumanians dem
onstrated yesterday in the streets of
Bucharest in favor of Russia and
Servians Continue Offensive.
A dispatch to the Havas Agency at
Paris from Nish, Servia, says the Ser
vians are continuing their offensive
movements against the Austrians in
the direction of Vlshegrad. They
crossed the frontier September 6 and
continued to advance successfully.
Everywhere the Austrians were
thrown back to the left bank of the
rnPTTiTS-TTAniTTSr via T.nnHnn Cant Q
A dispatch to the Politlken from
"According to a report Issued by the
War Ministry, the Russian advance for
the purpose of dividing the million
Austrians who are advancing on Lub
lin is on the point of succeeding. A
great battle is in progress."
RUSSIANS I I .I.I. OF VICTORY
Embassy Issues Statement as to
Activity of Army.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 9. The Russian
Embassy issued the following state
ment tonight as to the activity of the
"On September 6 and 7 we attacked
the first Austrian army at Tomaszow,
In the northwest: Grubeshess, in the
northeast, and Rawa Russka, in the
southeast The Austrian army retired
in complete disorder, pursued by our
troops. At Frampol our cavalry swept
down on the baggage trains of the
"In the direction of Lublin the
Austro-German troops have been forced
out of their fortified position and are
retiring to the south. Columns of sup
plies and baggage trains, which were
retiring along the high road from
Jusesow to Annopol, were scattered by
the fire of our artillery from the left
bank of the Vistula River.
"On the front from Rawa Russka,
In Galicia, northwest of Lemberg, to
the Dniester River, serious fighting is
In progress, the Austrian army, which
was defeated at Lwow (the Russian
name for Lemberg), having received
"The Fourteenth (Tyrolese) Austrian
Army Corps, near Rawa Russka, made,
on September 7, a night attack on our
troops, but in the morning was com
pelled to retire, leaving in our hands
one regimental color and 500 prisoners.
"Near Zamostie, on the Russian side
of the North Gallcian border, we have
captured a German aeroplane.
"In East Prussia only skirmishing Is
Embassy officials said this report
meant that practically all Austrian
troops had been driven from Russian
AUSTRIA NEEDS BIG GUNS
Help Given Ally Said to Have
Weakened Defense Against Russia.
TENDON. SeDt. 10. Whether Ger
many has played the game fairly by
her ally, says tne i-etrograa correspon
dent of the Post will be decided by his
torians in years to come.
"At nresent." adds the correspondent,
"Austria is badly In need of those
heavy siege batteries and that army
corps which she sent to help Germany
on the French frontiers, while all we
hear of German help to Austria is the
one German division now retreating to
ward Cracow before the pressure of the
n..., nnfllt rtn fhf Russian front
must shortly terminate in one of two
ways either the destruction or capitu
lation of Austria's main armies. The ap
pearance of the German forces has
,. ,,f llu jnAvltnhlA Ha-
mereiy jjustiuiitu . " .......
nouement probably not for more than
"The Russians have crossed the Vls-
mt the German division
which came to protect the Austrian left
flank, but the German move nas oniy
delayed the encircling movement of the
Russian forces for a short time. This
obstacle has now been overcome."
Monroe Sewer" Contract Let.
MONROE, Or.. Sept 9. (SpeciaL)
The Monroe City Council at Its meet
ing last night awarded the contract
to C. M. Swartley, of Corvallis, for the
building of the city's main sewer.
Vitrified pipe is to be used, and the
work is to be completed within 60
days. There were 10 bidders.
This stare is proud to
be ready with the new
in absolutely correct Fall and Winter styles.
Right style, right fabrics, right fashioning.
Other clothes possess each, but here they are
combined in a manner that tells a glowing,
smiling story of genius. No other word
quite covers the case.
And then, the other equally important thing
right workmanship; Stein-Bloch clot lit s
are world-famed for that.
We invite the men of Portland to enjoy this
exhibit of integrity.
Suits and Overcoats $20 to $40
Morrison Street at Fourth
Fall Styles in Dunlap Hats. $5 Brewer Hats $3
NEW WAR TAX BILL
Increased Levy on Incomes,
Opposed by Wilson, Likely
to Be Dropped.
TOLL ON AUTOS PLANNED
Cigarettes Also Mentioned as Prob
able Means of Gleaning $5,000,
000 Tariff on Freight Fought.
Wilson Discusses Subject.
tpicmvflTnv Canr Q Prpnfdfttlt
Wilson's disapproval today of the pro
posal to Increase the Income tax as a
means of raising revenue to offset a
treasury deficit due to tne European
....... -. n.mnC.fllfc TY1 . TT1 h ( T S of the
Ways and Means Committee, to revis
ing their plans. They will renew 10
tha ffnrt tn draft a war rev
enue bill. The President made his atti
tude known at a conference with Dem
ocratic leaders in uongress.
Unavailability Is Cause.
Democratic members of the Ways and
Means' Committee were not all disap
pointed by the President's disapproval
of their decision to increase the income
tax one half of one per cent and to de
crease the exemption. The President's
principal objection was said to be that
such a tax was not immediately avail
able and therefore undesirable.
Chairman Underwood, who discussed
the subject with the President, was in
clined to agree with this view and It
is improbable that an income tax
amendment will be proposed.
Cigarettes probably will be added to
the list of taxable commodities already
agreed to. such as beer, wines and
rectified spirits. A plan also is under
consideration to make a tax on beer one
dollar a barrel, which would yield
$66,000,000. That amount, together
with $10,000,000 from wines, $2,000,000
from rectified spirits, probably $5,000,
080 from cigarettes, probable taxes on
railroad freight, gasoline, automobiles,
some proprietary articles and soft
drinks. It is estimated, would yield all
the revenue necessary, particularly if
It Is determined not to appropriate all
the $53,000,000 proposed for rivers and
Auto Tax Suggested.
Representative Oglesby of New York,
in a letter to the committee, suggested
a tax of 50 cents a horsepower on au
tomobiles not engaged in commerce,
and a tax on golf balls. He estimated
that $25,000,000 could be realized from
the automobile tax. Official estimates,
however, are for $15,000,000 on motor
The proposal to put a general tax on
railroad freight is the main Question
now before the committee. The real
issue Is said to be whether to make up
the necessary balance of revenue by a
tax on freight traffic or by diffusing
the tax among many lines of business,
or realign reserve districts at any time
and a postponement of the hearings
will not affect the case of protestants.
A levy on freight, it is estimated,
could easily produce $40,000,000 revenue,
but there Is considerable opposition In
both Houses. The question will be de
Preliminary steps also were taken
by Democratic Senators today, to read
Just the pending $53,000,000 rivers and
harbors' appropriation bill, against
which Republican Senators have con
ducted a filibuster on the ground that
it is framed on extravagant grounds
and that the $100,000,000 war revenue
bill would not be necessary if the new
projects proposed in the bill were
Amounts Needed Asked.
Senators Burton, Galllnger. Borah
and others have insisted that the bill
in its present form should not be
passed, particularly In view of the fi
nancial emergency now presented.
Senators who champion the bill have
aeked the War Department for revised
estimates on the amounts absolutely
necessary to carry on existing river
and harbor work and the most urgent
new projects in anticipation of pruning
It was reported tonight that a con
ference between Republican senators
opposing the bill and Democratic
leaders had been held at which sug
gestions were made for a compromise
paving the way for early adjournment
and removing much senate opposition
to the war revenue tax.
BANKERS' POOL FAVORED
RESERVE BOARD CONSIDERS PAY
MENTS TO EUROPE.
Belief Is Creditors Abroad Will Not
Demand Gold When They Find It
Is Readily Available.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 9. The Federal
Reserve Board has taken up consider
ation of the 36 class C directors of the
12 reserve banks whose appointments
will mark virtually the last Important
step before the actual organization of
the bank. More than 200 names are
before the board and the final list of
appointees is not expected before next
WThe board probably will approve the
bankers' plan for a pooling arrange
ment to pay American obligations to
Europe In gold. It has taken no for,
rrml action on the bankers' proposal to
rfcise $160,000,000 through banks to pay
these obligations and is understood to
be waiting for a report rrom ionoon
on its acceptability.
Members of the board are curious
also about published reports that New
York bankers expect to underwrite
about $80,000,000 of obligations of the
city held in Europe. They have no
definite assurance that such a syndi
cate has been organized, and do not
know whether its existence would mean
a reduction in the total amount to be
cared for by all National banks.
Every effort is being made through
clearing-house associations to obtain
definite information as to the exact
amount of gold in possession of all Na
tional, state and private banks in the
country. Members of the board ex
pressed the belief today that if the
banks put the $25,000,000 figured on by
the bankers' committee on first call,
there would be no necessity for further
advances. They figure that when the
European creditors find that American
bankers are willing to pay in gold they
will make no further demands for such
Under the law the board is author
ized to make changes in reserve cities
WHEN the food reaches the stomach ft is subjected to a pseunarW
churning movement by the muscular walls of th stomach (i
. . . - . . j K, l W K.bt .III.... anil
Ur. fierce s meuicai Au.mri, F-a - .
skin, the blood is purified of its waste materials these organs act
as human filters, leaving the blood purs sad clear n less liver,
digestive tract and kidneys are clogged.
Dr. Pierce's Golden
is a stomach, liver and kidney tonic by assisting
the stomach to assimilate, the liver to filter the
kidneys to act the poisons are removed, the red blood
corpuscles are increased and one feels light, fresh and active
instead of logy, dull and heavy. The "Discovery stimu-
.i -.Jvk in....... action of heart and arter-
ies and is a most satisfactory alterative m blood-taint of any character.
The refreshing influence of this extract of native medicinal plants has
been favorably known for over forty years. Everywhere some neighbor
can tell you of the good it has done.
Sold by off medicine deafen in fioW or tablet forms or mend SO erne -cent
tamp to Dr. V. M. PIERCE, Buffalo. N.Y.. a trial box will be mailed you-
GHENT SHOTS CLEARED
GERMAN OFFICER WOUNDED SAYS
HE LOST HIS WAY.
Dispatch From Ostend Explains Pres
ence of Teutons In City in Vio
lation of Agreement.
LONDON. Sept. . An Ostend dis
patch to the Reuter's Telegram Com
pany gives a late version of the shoot
ing of German officers in Ohent which
has considerably modified the serious
ness of the case. One of the Germain
wounded admitted at the hospital that
he had lost his road.
The wounded officer has been taken
under the protection of the American
Consul and will not be held as a pris
oner of war. The Burgomaster, after
explaining the case to the German
commander, made the statement that
the agreement with the Germans not
to enter the city will not be changed
as a result of the Incident.
A dispatch to the Exchange Tele
graph Company from Ghent, evidently
aied early, but delayed, explains the
incident referred to In the Ostend dis
patch. It aaya that an Incident which
may lead to aerlous consequences has
Just happened In Ghent. In aplla of
the agreement, two German officers
entered the city and were surprised by
Belgian troops, who fired on them from
a mitrailleuse, mounted on an automo
bile. One officer was killed and th
other seriously wounded.
English Passengers Arrested.
COPENHAGEN. Sept (via London )
The Swedish stesmer Oanthlod, which
haa arrived at Gefle, on the Gulf of
Bothnia, from Ramo, reports that she
waa held up In the Finnish belt by a
German torpedo-boat and that 22 Eng
lish passengers, ranging from 20 to 40
years old. were arrested.
A chance once tn a lifetime. Very
highest grade pianos and talking
machlnea of all makes. Most costly
Instruments made can now be se
cured for less than the cheap ones.
Bankrupt piano aale. For full par
ticulars, read page 7, this paper.
of Real Estate
2 P. M.
Also Tomorrow Same Time
Ladies interested in real estate
Get our illustrated catalogue
Ask your own broker for values
The Fred A. Jacobs
269 Washington St.
TELEPHONES MAIN SOS, A :7
In conjunction with A. J. RICH CO..
San Francisco and New York.