Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 10, 1914, Page 2, Image 2

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War Lord Censures Warfare
by Belgian Citizens and Use
of Dum-Dum Bullets.
Message Declares Continuity
of Civilization Is Threat
ened by Foes.
Resistance Compelled Punitive
Measures, Says Monarch Mes
sage Is Kept Secret Xo
Action Asked, Is Report.
WASHINGTON-, Sept. 9. President
Wilson today received a personal ca
blegram from Emperor William, of
Germany, protesting: against the use by
the allied armies of dum-dum bullets
and the participation in the war by
civilians of Belgium. The message ex
pressed also the German Emperor's
deen regret at the destruction of the
Belgian city of Louvain.
"My heart bleeds for LoiiYa.!.' is
one of the phrases which the Emperor
is understood to have used. He de
clared, however, that the population
of Belgium had offered such resistance
that his Generals had, in many cases,
found it necessary to administer severe
Mrsaage Kept Secret,
The contents of the message was
closely guarded. No one at the White
House or State Department would even
admit, officially, that it had arrived,
even though press dispatches from
London and Copenhagen gave an out
line of the dispatch early in the day.
The reason for the secrecy was not
divulged. Persons who knew the con
tents of the message, however, de
clared it did not ask the President
to take any action, but simply laid
before him the Emperor's contentions
in connection with the controversy that
has arisen over alleged atrocities by
the German army in Belgium.
The knowledge that an official com
mission was en route from Belgium to
lay before President Wilson the Bel
gian side of the case is believed to
have prompted the Emperor to make
personal explanation .of the incident
to Washington.
WiUon Neutral Auditor.
It is not known what reply Presi
dent Wilson will make, but the atti
tude of the Washington Government
toward protests of this kind in the
present war lias heretofore been one
of a neutral auditor. All the bellig
erents are anxious to lay their protests
before the American Government be
cause they wish through it to reach
the court of public opinion. Realizing
this as their chief desire, the Adminis
tration has not attempted, to pass upon
the merits of any of the protests,
leaving the discussion of means of end
ing such excesses as are complained
of to future international conferences.
Hague Clauses Guide,
The use of dum-dum bullets and the
unnecessary destruction of property
are specifically prohibited by articles
of The Hague convention. The only
penalty provided for violating them is
the imposition of an indemnity at the
end of the war upon the countries
guilty of such violations. Belligerents
therefore are anxious to place their
cases on record, so that at the final
reckoning in the peace council which
will terminate the war appropriate con
sideration may be given to their claims.
At the French embassy not only
was denial made that the allies had
been using dum-dum bullets, but the
opinion was expressed that no manu
facturer in France was able to make
such bullets.
Feu Oppo&ing Votes Cast In Conven
tion of 40 0 Delegates.
OMAHA. Sept. 9. After a quiet cam
paign of three days the United States
National Association of Postofflce
Clerks late today passed almost unani
mously a resolution indorsing woman
suffrage. In the convention of more
than 400 deelgates there were only half
a dozen votes against the suffrage
Earlier in the day the association
passed a resolution asking the Postmaster-General
to take immediate steps
to secure control and operation of tele
graph systems of the country.
(Continued From First Page.)
bassador here, that Germany had not
gone into the war for further additions
of territory.
Germany Wants Status Quo.
It is apparent there is a movement
on the part of Germany to obtain:
Peace on the basis of the present war
status quo.
To place on the allies responsibility
for the war.
To relieve Germany of the charge of
wanton destruction of life and prop
erty. To explain that the- wiping out of
the city of Louvain was necessary, as
a result of the conduct of the Belgians.
As establishing the character of the
warfare conducted by the allies, the
Emperor refers to the use by them of
dum-dum bullets, abundant proof of
which, according to his letter, exists.
Sir Edward's reply was made to Am
bassador Page in the course of a con
ference either last night or this morn
ing. In accordance with the mediatory
role which he has assumed Secretary
Bryan will acquaint the German Am
bassador with the nature of Sir Ed
ward's response. This probably will
lead to another conference In the next
few days.
British Xote Significant.
It now will be for the German Am
bassador to drop the informal charac
ter of his presentations and if he really
is acting In accordance with the in
structions of his government, to make
representations under which the Presi
dent and Secretary Bryan can proceed
with their efforts to terminate the war.
The British communication Is sig
nificant in several aspects.
It says that Great Britain, quite as
earnestly as Germany, Is wiling to
move for the restoration of peace. This
in spite of the fact that Germany has
-on a succession of victories on land.
It shows that Great Britain will not
be content with a peace which will be
merely a truce; that as far as possible
she proposes to end war through the
conflict now in progress.
It shows finally that Great Britain
Is determined to stand by Belgium and
to insist that Germany compensate that
little nation for the terrible losses in
life and property which she incurred in t
the defense of her neutrality.
m The reply of Sir Edward Grey un
doubtedly was made after consultation
with France and Russia,
German Ports Are Open, Am
bassador Declares.
Baltic Harbors Can Be Approached
Directly and There Are Pilots
Betore Every Port Out
look Declared Hopeful.
NEW YORK, Sept. 9. Count von
Bernstorff, German Ambassador to the
United States, denied today that t'.iere
are mines In the North Sea. German
ports are not blockaded, he declared,
and neutral ships can enter them and
can replenish their coal supplies in
these ports, as there is no embargo on
bunker cpal.
"Neutral ships which wish to enter
ports in the North toea must go to a
point ten miles north ot Heligoland,
where they will find German pilots to
take the ships into the harbors," he
said. "Harbors in the Baltic can be
approached directly and there are pi
lots before every port."
The Ambassador gave out an extract
from a letter sent from Belgium by his
son, who ts in a cavalry regiment of
the guard, as follows:
"In every village there are bombs
and we have to make people drink
water they offer us. They are trying
to poison us."
The Ambassador declined to make
any direct statement regarding the re
port that he had gone to Washington
In the interests of peace, but said that
he would second a printed report
which had declared that Oscar 8.
Straus had not made any definite pro
posal of any kind to Secretary of State
Bryan or to diplomatists in Washing
ton, and likewise the denial of Mr.
Bryan that the German Ambassador in
his recent talk with the Secretary had
discussed the subjects of mediation or
"The outcome of the war is more
hopeful for Germany than ever," said
Count von Bernstorff.
the enlarged homestead law 65.000 acres
of land In the State of Washington.
This land is in the vicinity of Okano
gan River and its tributaries are In
the northern part of the state. The
land immediately adjacent to the
Okanogan has long been settled by
homesteaders, but the higher lands
have been given over mainly to graz
ing. Within recent years, however, it
has been found that the dry farming
of grain can be carried on successful
ly in these uplands, and it is these
arid and non-irrigable areas of the
public domain that have just been made
availabe for entry. This order also
becomes effective October 10, 1914, and
all local land officers will be authorized
to consider applications to enter the
lands on that date.
Prompt Dispatch of War News Xow
Ordered and Aides Appointed.
LONDON. Sept. 9. Home Secretary
McKenna has taken charge of the work
of the official press bureau. In this con
nection he made the announcement to
day that steps had been taken in the
recent reorganization of the cable cen
sorship work to provide for the prompt
transmission to the United States and
to the Dominions of news passed by
the bureau for publication in this coun
try. Everything passed by the censors
for Great Britain may, from now on, be
sent anywhere in the world. Addi
tional officers, Mr. McKenna continued,
had been appointed on the staff of Sir
John French, the commander-in-chief
of the British forces on the Continent,
with the object of obtaining full in
formation for publication.
Mr. McKenna declined to commit
himself as to when war correspondents
might be allowed to enter the zone of
He said that all possible information
consistent with the need of secrecy re
garding the disposition of the allied
forces in the field would be given to the
Protest Aganst German Sail
ors Postpones Start.
65,000 Washington Acrq Set for
Entry Under Homestead Law.
ington, Sept 9. The Secretary of the
Interior has designated for entry under
Arrangements Made to Spend Sev
eral Days at Summer White House.
WASHINGTON", Sept. 9. President
Wilson has practically decided to leave
Washington Friday to spend several
days at the Summer White House at
Cornish, N. H.. returning to Washing
ton next Tuesday.
The President has found that he can
keep in close touch with affairs at
Washington while at Cornish and there
fore Is "on the job" practically aa
much as when in Washington. At the
same time he enjoys complete seclusion
and is able to rest.
The amalgamation or the Nigeria., Brit
ish West Africa, took place on January 1
iyi4, uniting about IS.000,000 of the more
advanced and progressive natives of the
continent with a rich territory of quite
330.000 square miles. There are within
this territory a number of ancient, well
built walled towns, some having as many
as 200,000 or 300.000 inhabitants.
Men In Charge of Engine room De
clared Familiar With Her Ma
chinery and Owners Reluctant
to Have Them Displaced.
NEW YORK, Sept. 9. The question
raised by the British and French gov
ernments regarding the neutrality
status of the steamship Red Cross if
she carries Germans among her crew
when she sails with surgeons, nurses
and supplies for the battlefields of
Europe, has delayed apparently indef
initely the departure of the ship. It
was not believed in shipping circles to
night that the Red Cross would leave
port tomorrow, as announced yesterday.
Her commander. Captain Aristed Rust,
United States Navy., retired, went to
Washington today and it was said that
the purpose of his journey was to place
the problem before Secretary Bryan.
The Red Cross, formerly the Hamburg-American
liner Hamburg, was
loaned to the American Red Cross So
ciety by that line, and has among her
crew a number of Germans, who have
taken out their first, but not their final
naturalization papers in the United
States. It was reported today that if
the Red Cross sought to supplant these
Germans with Americans and Span
iards, as announced yesterday, the ship
would be withdrawn from the organ
ization's service.
An official of the line said tonight it
was not likely the Red Cross Society
would displace the Germans without
seeking the line's permission and that
since no such request had been received,
the officials of the line would make
no statement.
Announcement In House ot Com
mons That Native Rulers, 7 00 in
Number, Have Offered Person
al Aid Brines Cheers.
LONDON. Sept. 9. Kins George to
day addressed a message to the British
(-nlonlea declaring that Great Britain
had been forced Into the present war by
the violation of the neutrality of Bel
gium and its obligations to its ally.
France. The message expresses grati
fication that the oversea dominions
have supported the mother country loy
ally. As given out by the official bu
reau, the message is:
"During the last few weeks the peo
ples of my whole empire at home and
overseas have moved with one mind
and purpose to confront and overthrow
an unparalleled assault on the contin
uity of civilization and the peace of
Belgium anU France Considered.
"The calamitous conflict is not of my
seeking. Mjr voice has been cast
throughout on the side of peace. My
ministers earnestly strove to allay the
causes of the strife ana to appease "in
ferences with which my empire was
not concerned. Had I stood aside
when, in defiances of pledges to which
my kingdom was a pariy, me
Belgium was violated and her cities
made desolate, when the very life of
the French nation was threatened with
extinction, I should have sacrificed my
honor and given to destruction the lib
erties of my empire and of mankind.
"I rejoice that every part of the em
pire is with nie in this decision.
Overseas Dominions Loyal.
"Paramount regard for a treaty of
faith and the pledged word of rulers
and peoples is the common heritage ot
Great Britain and of the empire. .My
peoples in the self-governing dominions
have shown beyond all doubt that thev
wholehearted. y indorse the grave de
cision it was necessary to take. My
personal knowledge of the loyalty and
devotion of my oversea dominions had
nri ma to exDect that they would cheer
fully make the great efforts and bear
the great sacrifices wnicn tne present
conflict entails. The full measure In
which they have placed their services
and resources at my disposal fills me
wita gratitude, and i am proud to be
able to show to the world that my
peoples oversea are as determined as
the people of the United Kingdom to
prosecute a just cause to a successful
"The Dominion ,of Canada, the Com
monwealth of Australia and the Domin
ion of New Zealand have placed at my
disposal their naval forces, which al
ready have rendered good service for
the empire. Strong expeditionary forces
are being prepared in Canada, Aus
tralia and New Zealand for service at
the front, and the Union of South Afri
ca has released all British troops and
undertaken the important military re
sponsibilities, the discharge of which
will be of the utmost value to the em
pire. Newfoundland and Canada Prompt.
"Newfoundland has doubled the num
ber of Its branch of the Royal Naval
Reserve, and Is sending a body of men
to take part In the operations at the
front. From the dominion and pro
vincial governments of Canada large
and welcomed gifts of supplies are on
their way for use both by my naval
and military forces and for the relief
of distress In the United Kingdom
which must Inevitably follow iu the
wake of war.
"All parts of my oversea dominions
have thus demonstrated, in the most
unmistakable manner, the fundamental
unanimity of the empire amidst all Its
diversity of situation ana circum
A message similar to the foregoing
has been addressed by King George to
the princes and peoples of India
Indian Rolen Pledge Loyalty.
In the House of Commons today, C.
Roberts, one of the under-secretarles of
the Colonial Department, read a mes
sage from the Viceroy of India, which
said that the rulers of the Indian
native states, nearly 700 in number, had
with one accord rallied to the defense
of the empire with personal offers of
succor as well as the resources of their
states. In addition to sending men and
money, some of the native rulers of In
dia are equipping a hospital ship.
The house was deeply moved by this
message and its reading was greeted
with cheers.
Only Today, Friday, Saturday
To see the world -renowned drama of
Capital and Labor,
Enjoyed and Complimented by Thousands.
A Notable Production.
10c ONLY 10c
conditions. The city Is under the most
strict martial law, with hundreds of
native shorn closed, and the people ap.
parently panic-stricken, declares the
psychological, says Mr. Klrchhoff, who
declares he' can see no reason why
the city should be in such a turmoil, for
It la In no danger of attack by any
two violent disturbances occurrtmj.
which were pronounced the greatest of
the series of 43 alnee last May. Clouds
of ashes descended at Mineral, It miles
from the peak.
Several persons reported that they
had seen flames emanating from the
crater, hut the Forest Bureau's ob
server, stationed not far from the cra
ter, said he saw no fire.
Oyster Season Is On.
.onrmn mm r-.,r- ,.,! Oyster headquarters at Vancouver
LMOOLIM O VIULtlsUC UAIIMd ra t the Columbia Fish Market, 111
west tlgntn street. We are
Clouds of Ashes Fall 10 Miles Dls
taut; Spouting Flro Reported.
DTJTtTMVf! rl Qnfr O T a at istta. I . .. L-
a.-, Rlch phoiipht- a-poiiti hive bn rt1
conwnutMT in a, sime eruption ioui, covirei in i nil
for the famous Sealshlpt Ornters. W
have Eastern and Olynipta. Our oyster
cocktails hav a reputation. Order
some today. I-'hon 760. Adv.
Not a
but a sirattf hi
run refinery
Portland German Consul Receives
Letter Relating Conditions There.
Fritz Klrchhoff, German consul to
Portland, received a letter yesterday
from a friend in Hongknog. Conditions
there are terrible, says the correspond
ent. "Chinese are flocking by the thou
sands from Hongkong to Canton and
Macao, the latter a Bmall Portuguese
colony near Hongkong," says the let
ter. "Business is at a standstill. No
merchant Is allowed to sell his goods
unless he can prove that he has a six
months' supply on hand. The Standard
Oil Company had to produce its stock
books before It could open its doors."
The epistle was sent August 11, up
to which time the Governor of Hong
kong had Issued 47 proclamations, said
the writer, with regard to business
She best gasoline
-die Standard Oil
Company can make
What will you give for a beauti
ful $1000 player piano? The court
has authorized this sale. Every
thing must go at once. Not only
pianos, placer pianos and talking
machines, but furniture, fixtures,
safes, desks, everything. For full
particulars, read page 7, this paper.
In addition to our own line of new PIANOS, we always have many used
PIANOS of other makes. If you are considering buying a used piano It
will pay you too see what we can do for you.
Portland Branch
433-435 Washington Street
SEPTEMBER 24-25-26, 1914
Furious and Exciting
Wild and Wonderful
Get Fares and Particulars
From Aent 0-W.R.&N.