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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 15, 1914)
VOL. LIY NO. 1CTG3. i-ukhu. w .
FORTS CONTINUE TO
Germans Resorting to
INFANTRY BODY IS IN MOTION
Belgians Make Extensive De
fenses Near Namur.
LIEGE FORTS ARE HELD
Peienrlcrs Ileclarcil to Have Instruc
tions lo Blow Up Works Rather
Than Surrender Them Bom
bardment Is Concentrated.
LONDON'. Aug. 14. A d.spatch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company from Its
Brussels correspondent says that Fort
Pontlsse and its neighboring torts to
the west of the City of Liege are re
sisting extremely well the fierce Ger
The Germans have been trying to
rush Pontlsse by main force, no longer
replying upon siege artillery. They
have been unable, however, to get be
yond the glacis of the fort, where they
have been mowed down .by the fire of
Fort Desired aa Base.
The Germans are provided with
bundles of wood and mattresses with
which to fill up the ditches about
the fort, but they have been unable
to make use of them. Fort Llers, which
Is Just west of Pontlsse. has lent effica
cious aid to the latter fort.
The object of the Germans obviously
Is to seise the forts on the left bank
of the Meuse. which In the hands of
the Belgians would be terrible weapons
against the Invading forces should the
Belgian main army msrch towards
Liege. On the other hand, these forts
In the hands of the Germans would
serve as a base for action directed
against the Belgian center for defense
against the Belgian attacks.
Advance More Pronounced.
A dispatch from Tirlemont, Belgium,
says that the German advance became
more pronounced and general today.
Their Infantry Is advancing In the dl
rectloln of Tongres and St. Trond, and
another attack Is expected In the direc
tion of Dlest and Aerschot, to the
northwest of Brussels, by several army
The German troops are marching on
a front stretching from St. Trond to
Hasselt. Their cavalry occupies a po
sition to the right of Hasselt.
Formidable defensive works have
been erected by the Belgians round Na
mur. To obviate any pretext for re
prisals on the part of the Germans, all
the Inhabitants of Namur are being
Forts Have Niot Fallen.
It was officially announced here to
day that none of the Liege forts had
capitulated, as had been stated In Ger
man reports. It was declared that the
defenders had been Instructed to blow
up the forts rather tban surrender.
A dispatch from Brussels says a
battle near F.ghexee, north of Namur,
was keenly contested.
The Germans, according to the dis
patch, were mostly cavalrymen. They
were surprised by the Belgians and
sustained severe casualties. Eventually
they fell back hurriedly on Huy. be
tween Namur and Liege.
The dispatch adds that three Ger
man aeroplanes flying over Dlest were
brought down by the Belgian artillery.
Two of the aviators were killed by
being dashed to earth and the third
was severely Injured.
Defenses Are Strengthened.
Another dispatch from Brussels says
the following official announcement
was issued at noon:
'The Germans are planning a new
movement against us. but all disposi
tions have been made to repel it like
the preceding ones.
"Reports show that the situation
continues favorable to us and our al
lies, while the news from Lorraine is
highly favorable to the French."
Word comes through Paris that Field
Marshal Sir John French, the commander-in-chief
of the English field
army. Joined General Joseph Joffre,
the French commander-in-chief, at
headqua.-ters today. The locality Is not
An official announcement says a
large number of French troops have
entered Belgium and are proceeding
from Charlerol to Gembloux. ten miles
to the northwest of Namur.
Frenrh Victory Reported.
The official press bureau of the
British War Office and Admiralty today
issued news of a French success in
the Vosges Mountains, Alsace, In the
"After a successful resistance last
ing five days at the passes of Sainte
Marie Aux Mines and Le Bonhomme,
the French troops have occupied the
region of the Saale Pass, which com
mands the valley of the Bruche, an af
fluent of the Rhine.
"At Saale many desertions of German
troops are noted.
"The French have taken many pris
oners and captured some machine
"It is now confirmed that the Bel
gian troops were successful in their
engagement on August 12 with six
regiments of German cavalry, sup-
I.ONDON, Aug- M. It Is officially
announced from Xyassa and British
Ventral Africa, that the government
steamer fiwendolln yesterday captured
j the German armed steamer Von Wl-
sonar on the eastern whore of Lake
.EW YORK, Aug. It. The French
steamer Rurhimlirau will null tomor
row, the line announced. It was Inti
mated that a French warship might
meet the Rochamheau and convoy her
to her destination.
LONDON, Aog. 14. 3:30 A. M. The
Copenhagen correspondent of the Dally
Nrwa reports that dispatches from Ant
werp ay on antl-tierman mob set lire
to a German ship In the harbor at Ant
werp. After It was destroyed the mob
pillaged another German vessel.
LONDON, Aug. II. A special news
paper dispatch from Rome today says
the Montenegrin troops, aided by the
Inhabitants of Hersegovlna, are suc
cessfully Invading Austria, whose block
ade of the Montenegrin coast has prac
PARIS, Aug. 14. An ofllclal announce
ment says that a large number of
French troops have entered Belgium
and are proceeding from Charlerol to
Gembloux, 10 miles to the northwest of
BRUSSELS. Aug. 14. The British
government Is chartering a steamer to
transport German prisoners to England.
LONDON, Aug. 14 A dispatch from
Cettlnje. Montenegro, to the Exchange
Telegraph Company ofilclally denies the
occupation of Scutari by Montenegrin
troops, and also all other reports of
hostile Intentions against Albania.
BRUSSELS, via London, Aug. 14 In
a sortie near Namur yesterday. 200 mili
tary cyclists, after surrounding Ger
mans, killed a large number, captured
50 and routed the rest.
AMSTERDAM, via London. Aug. 14, 5
P. M. Two German naval avlntlon olH
eers were arrested and disarmed today
on the Dutch Island of Schlermonnlk
Oog, off the Coast of Frlesland, Holland.
The aviators had left the Germnn Island
of Borkum In the North Sea this morn
ing, presumably on a scouting expedi
tion, and had been forced to descend by
WINDSOR, Ont., Aug. 14. Orders were
received today for the First Hussars of
Ontario, a cavalry regiment, to prepare
to proceed next Tuesday to Valeartler,
ready to embark for the European war.
LONDON, Aug. 14, 4:35 P. M. A dis
patch to the Central News from Am
sterdam says the Mayor of Alx la Cha
pelle, Germany, has Issued a proclama
tion announcing that great masses of
German troops are to pass through the
town on Saturday.
ROME, Thursday midnight, via Paris,
2:411 I. M.. Aug. 14. Italians coming
from the countries at war continue to
pour Into Italy by f i usanils. Mol
of them are In distress and the gov
ernment nnd local Institution are do
ing their utmost to provide them with
food, shelter nnd employment.
PARIS, Aug. iTT 12:40 P. M. The
Havas Agency announces that the
French Foreign Minister has received
a petition from 335 subjects of the
Duchy of Luxemburg, who ask to en
roll In the French army as a proof of
their sympathy for France and a a
protest against the German violation
of the independence of their country
PARIS, Aug. 14. .-.:4l F. M, It was
officially announced tonight that uni
fication of the French and Belgian
forcea had been established by an Inter
change of officers.
LONDON, Aug. 14. A Reuter dispatch
from St. Petersburg say a message has
been received there from Villa saying
that a German aeroplane, which was
making observations of Russian mili
tary movements in the Polish govern
ment of Suwalkl, was fired upon and
brought down with a crash. Its occu
pants, four German officers, were killed,
according to the dispatch.
LONDON, Aug. 14 The Brussels cor
respondent of the Exchange Telegraph
Company says the transportation of
French troops Into Belgian territory is
now complete, and that all the troops
that had been expected are in battle
order at a place fixed according to the
plans of the chief of staff.
GERMAN "BOAST" DERIDED
Belgians Enjoy Tale That Diplomat
BRUSSELS, via London, Aug-. 14.
The Belgians are repeating with gusto
a story to the effect that when a mem
ber of the diplomatic corps at Brussels
expressed surprise that the German
Minister had not left the Belgian capi
tal promptly after the declaration of
war. the Minister replied:
"It isn't worth while. Tomorrow the
Germans will be here."
The Belgians point out that 10 days
have elapsed sin ;e the alleged conver
sation took place.
WIFE'S CONSENT REQUIRED
Canadian Volunteer Must Get
Spouse's Statement, Is Order.
MONTREAL. Aug. 14. Every mar
ried man volunteering for active serv
ice is compelled to bring the written
consent of his wife before he can be
accepted, according to a militia order
made public today.
Thousands of these consents have
been received by the military authori
ties. BUILDING SHOWS INCREASE
July, 1914, Figures 15 Per Cent
Greater Than Year Ago.
CHICAGO. Aug. 11. Building opera
tions in the United States showed an
increase of 15 per cent last month, as
compared with the same month a year
ago, according to statistics which will
be published by the Construction News
17w.rv Boftlnn nf thA rountrv KhnuoH
an increase, while looses were widely
" -tt. -vwc-ir-r BipmiMV A TTOT78T 1 n 1914.
Nation Without News
by Wish of All.
KITCHENER'S ORDER OBEYED
Families Neither Know Nor
Ask Where Relatives Are.
PEOPLE WITHOUT HYSTERIA
Richard Harding Da Vis Comments
on Loyalty of Millions Who For
get Own Anxieties in Desire
for Common Good.
BY RICHARD HARDING DAVIS.
(Copyright, !!H4. by the Wheeler Syndicate,
LONDON, Aug. 14. (Special.) On
arriving in London what most Im
presses you is likely to be the absence
of any news concerning any movements
of the English navy and army. There
is a conspiracy of silence on the part
of the English people of the most un
selfish and patriotic nature.
No interest at this time in any rela
tive, ship or regiment is permitted to
outweigh the wishes of all for the suc
cess of all. Thl." secrecy as to the
present plans or the whereabouts of
any military unit is not only enforced
by the orders of the War Office, but
is the wish of everyone.
A father, brother, son, leaves to Join
his ship or regiment and after that his
family neither knows nor seeks to know
where he may be. It is a splendid com
pliment to the loyalty to many mil
lions who make no effort to see through
the wall of silenco that Lord Kitchener
has erected between them and their
We know that England has declared
war. In the papers we can read of the
Red Cross societies and of funds pat
ronized by the royal family for those
who may be wounded, for those who
may be left fatherless and for those
who already have been left without
support. No one need be a military
expert to read in the streets the signs
of a nation at war. even though of
these signs It would be improper to
write, but in no paper in the United
Kingdom will anyone learn that by
land and sea the British forces are
engaged in the greatest war since their
victory at Waterloo.
It makes the position of a corre
spondent somewhat difficult, but It
shows that into this struggle of giants
England has entered without hysteria
or vain boasting, but earnestly, calmly
inn iiniTrn ill
ANU UN tU
CORRESPONDENTS OFF TO THE WAR. j
! 7 i
I I J - u? ?S3 l i
ML ,, ,bk ftfo M
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 82
degrees; minimum, ,"u degrees.
TODAY'S Probably fair; northwest winds.
Turkey, having paid $0,000,000 for German
cruisers, is warned by triple entente.
German prisoners in Belgium give evidence
of having insufficient food. Page 1.
Richard Harding Davis says British nation
is without war news. Page 1.
Investigation of increases In food prices be
gins with vigor. Page a.
Administration censorship of cables not to
be hurried. Page 2.
French government proposes newspapers for
soldiers at front. Page 5.
Morgan explains that French loan is desired
to establish credit, not take gold. Page B,
Liners capable' of carrying 13,000 persons to
leave England soon. Page 3.
BeIgian"forts continue to withstand attack.
Cruiser Leipzig scouting slowly along Pa
cific Coast. Page 2.
Final preparations made for opening of
Panama Canal today. Page. 3.
Commercial and Marine.
Oregon hop market Is strong and growers
refuse to sell. Page 15.
Chicago grain market has lightest day since
war started. Page 3 5.
Grain exports to be resumed. Page 14.
Northwest forest fires still threatening.
Seaside holds sixth annual Dahlia Fair.
Page 15. j
Coast League results: Portland 6. Sacra
mento 2; Oakland 3, San Francisco 2;
Venice 5-2, Los Angeles 1-6. Page 10.
Great team work defeats Americans in
doubles tennis play. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
Oregon Jewelers concluded sessions. Page 7.
Removing Southern Pacific purchasing of
fice causes protest. Page 16.
Lower , city tax levy promised for 1915.
Grand Jury finds evidence insufficient to
indict Mrs. Dawson of husband's murder.
Dr. Smith has no chance, says Chairman
Moores. Page 0.
Architect objects to criticism. Page 11.
Steamship line says 100 Portlanders were in
Norway at war outbreak. Page 2.
FINNS L0YALT0 RUSSIA
Little Likelihood Thnt Revolt Will
Break, but Aid Du Instead.
HELSINGFORS, Finland, Aug. 14.
(Special.) A correspondent Just re
turned from 'a tour through Finland
says everything is quiet and that 're
ports of revolution there are erroneous.
The Finns are absolutely loyal to Rus
sia, he says.
The Dowager Empress Marie received
great ovations as she passed through
Finland from Sweden on her way to
St. Petersburg. The Russian General
issimo has thanked specially the Finn
ish railway officials for their admir
Thousands of Russians returning by
way of Finland in great distress are
being helped by the Finns.
PRISONERS OF WAR ARRIVE
Belgium Asks France to Care for
Captives Off Breton Coast.
PARIS, Aug. 14. (Special.) German
prisoners have arrived at Nantes, which
gives color to the reports that France
intends to keep them in one of the
numerous islands off the south Breton
The Petit Journal says that Berglum,
owing to the smallness of her territory,
is asking France to take charge of
2000 German prisoners.
Hi A.. jrmk.Jr
FEDERAL WAR RISK
Conference to Present
Bill to Congress.
SPEEDY ACTION IS SOUGHT
McAdoo presides, Chief Ship
pers and Bankers Attend.
OFFICIAL ASSENT IS GIVEN
J. P. Morgan, J. J. Hill and Others
Join in Advising Action to Solve
Problems of Food Bxports
and Foreign Exchange.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. Govern
ment insurance against war risks of
American register ships and their car-a-nns
was the solution offered to4 ' by
62 representative business men o the
country for the stoppage of American
overseas commerce oecause of the Eu
The proposal was made in definite
form after an all-day conference pre
cMoi over hv Secretary McAdoo, of the
Treasury Department, who called the
meeting. Practically all or tne iar
banking and shipping interests in the
United States were represented.
Bill to Be Offered at Once.
The conference appointed a commit
r.t i- hMi!i hv Seth Low. presi
dent of the National Civic Federation,
to remain in Washington and advise
ua nnvArnmflntal departments
and committees of Congress during the
framing of legislation believed neces
sary to relieve conditions produced by
the war abroad.
Th mmmiHpp heiran drafting a bill
tonight to be presented to Congress at
once and pressed for passage, wiin a
view to having a Government insur
ance bureau in operation as soon as
possible after the pending measure
modifving restrictions on American
registration of-foreign-built ships goes
To insure freedom of discussion, the
conference was held behind closed
doors, but the resolutions adopted and
some of the proceedings of the confer
ence were made public In a statement
issued tonight by Secretary McAdoo.
Solution Believed Keac
The statement declared it to have
been the consensus of opinion at the
conference thiit with enlarged registry
of American ships and action by the
Government supplementing what pri
vate companies might do in connection
with the insurance, the question of ex-
fConcl'ided Page 8
FRIDAY'S WAR MOVES
PUSHING forward by mere weight of
numbers, the German advance across
Belgium is slowly but steadily pro
ceeding, and soon must one in con
tact with the allied arnfles, which, ac
cording to an official communication
from Brussels, are In battle order at
some point unnamed.
The Belgians In the outpost skirm
ishing are said to have Inflicted severe
checks on the German forces: but on
the whole the German wing has kept
o its way and has reached a line from
! aa ' . h of Namur to Haclen, which sug
I gests that the first big battle will be
fought somewhere between Louvaln
and Dlest, where the allies probably
will try to block the roads to Brus
sels and Antwerp and prevent the Ger
man attempt to make North Belgium
Farther south French troops havo
entered Belgium through Charlerol, go
ing to the relief of their neighbors,
and to aid in any attack directed to
ward Namur, while in the east tho
Frenoh are reported to have secured
possession of ridges In the Vosges
Mountains and to hold the passes of
Le Bonhomme and Saint Marle-au-Mines,
through which important roads
pass, and whlchi it is asserted, give
them great strategic advantages. The
Germans are again hammering away
at the Liege forts, and, according to
their accounts, one of the forts, Pon
tlsse, has fallen. This, however, is
denied by the Belgians, who tell of
another slaughter of the Invaders,
who, they say, attempted to rush the
Military strategists are of the opin
ion that the Germans are meeting with
delay which they did not count on.
and that every day the Belgians keep
them fighting means an increase of
Russian forces on their eastern fron
tier. They express the belief that un
less Germany soon disposes of Belgium
and France, she will havo to choose
between withdrawing a great part of
her army from the west, or leaving the
road to Berlin open to the forces of
Already great armies of Russians
are reported to be marching towards
Prussia on tho one side, and to Aus
trian Galacia on the other. In the lat
ter country they are said to be In the
vicinity of the Styr River, which is on
the route to Lemberg.
The reported purchase of the Ger
man cruisers Goeben and Brcslau by
Turkey for J20.000.000 has been made
the occasion of action by the British,
French, Belgian and Russian allies,
which call Turkey's attention to her
duty as a neutral. Greece also is per
turbed by the purchase the two
cruisers, which she considers will up
set the equilibrium of power in the Le
vant. It is feared, especially by Greece,
that Turkey will become uncompromis
ing on the subject of the disposition
of the Aegean Islands, and a rumor
that the Turks have renamed one of
the cruisers Mitylene Is held to sup
port this view. Italy also Is seriously
disturbed by Turkey's reported action,
having reasons of her own for desir
ing not to increase Turkey's prestige
in the Mediterranean.
While French ministers of war and
state plan the issuance of a war news
paper to keep the men in the field In
touch with events and to inform them
concerning their relatives at home.
Great Britain is without news from
the field, so far as the press Is con
cerned. Richard Harding Davis says
the whole nation has entered into a
conspiracy of silence. In which the
anxiety of the individual gives way
willingly to the good of the nation.
Lord Kitchener's ban on war news Is
being observed literally.
However, that the British govern
ment is confident It has control of
the sea Is indicated by arrangements
made for the sailing of several White
Star and Cunard liners, which will have
facilities for taking 13,000 passengers
to America. These vessels had pre
viously been requlstloned by the gov
ernment provisionally. It Is announced
the Olympic will sail August 19. the
Mauretania August 29 and the Lusl
tania September 3.
In connection with this show of con
fidence In its control of the sea. London
report says the captain of a Danish
steamer declares he passed seven
sunken German ships on the east coast
of England. He could not ldentify
them, but believed they were warships.
Officially, nothing is said on the sub
ject of the rumor that several Import
ant British warships were sunk, except
as may be inferred from the confident
plans of the Admiralty for sending
The British government has called
for bids for an Issue of $75,000,000
With the arrival in English ports of
many ships, there has been a sharp
decline In the prices of provisions.
Aviators are taking a prominent part
in scouting for the armies In the field
and are suffering severely, according
to reports. Belgian authorities report
the destruction of three German aero
planes and the death of two of their
pilots, while French reports recount the
narrow escape of a French aerial scout
from German flying machines which
hunted him. It is said a German aero
plane in Poland was brought down by
Russians and four officers killed. Two
German aviators who alighted on an
island in Holland were arrested and
Cyclists also figured in the war news.
Two hundred military wheelmen are
said to have killed, captured or routed
a large number of Germans whom they
surrounded near Namur.
The probable attitude of Japan and
Italy is still the subject of much spec
ulation. Conversations are going on
continuously between Japan and Great
Britain concerning Japan's duty under
her alliance with England and the part
she will be permitted to take In the
peace conferences following the war.
There are persistent rumors that Italy
will Join tlie triple entente. The Italian
Ambassador is a frequent caller at the
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
Prisoners Show Evi
dence of Hunger.
CAVALRY, HOWEVER, IS FAST
Spirited Charges Are De
signed to Develop Foes.
BELGIANS HOLD BRIDGES
French Troops In Luxemburg Prov
ince, Believed lo Number 120.
000, Sing an They Starch and
Peek Guns With Flowers.
BY MAI R1CS ClEnBEAl'tr.
NAMl'R, Belgium, Aug. 14. (Spe
cial.) On arriving at Namur today I
found a huge crowd of German prison
ers. They were well equipped, but
seemed to be demoralised and would
talk little. They complained of having
had Insufficient food and their appear
ance suggested that the complaint was
Justified. Captured German horses are
emaciated and weak. The German
quartermaster department apparently
has been overtaxed.
Military men here say that Teutonic
marksmanship has been Inaccurate,
the artillery being slow in rectifying
its aim. The German cavalry, however.
Is first-class and ubiquitous, burning
farms and haystacks, ransacking post
offices and overrunning the spaces be
tween the forts.
Beautiful Otl Mined.
In Namur all the big trees have
been cut down or blown In pieces by
dynamite to prevent their uso In di
recting the enemy's urtlllery fire. The
most beautiful castles and villas In the
valley of the Meuse hnvo been under
mined, ready to be blown up when the
1 have seen Belgian soldiers sleeping
on velvet and silk curtains In the Til
las. The owners do not care, but feed
their guests well and treat them as If
they were their own children.
Innumerable trenches protected by
barbed wire have been excavated by
the Belgian soldiers, assisted by work
men from the idle faolorles. the engi
neers and foremen especially rendering
splendid service. The Belgian officer
are actuated by a high fighting spirit,
which Is fully shared by their men.
Sold'rra Want to Fight.
The soldiers deelaro that waiting in
the trenches for the next battle makes
them nervous. The officers have trou
ble in restraining them from taking
the offensive, although they reipect
the resolute qualities of tho Invaders.
It Is estimated that the number of
French troops in the Belgian province
of Luxemburg Is 120.000. They are
received with many manifestations of
Joy. In marching they sing and arlorn
their guns with flowers.
South of Namur, from Dlnant lo Gl
vet, on the French frontier, the bridge
are' guarded by quick-firing guni. the
range of which is declared to be su
perior to that of the German artlllrry
The main armies are not yet at gripe.
The fighting of the keen and aggres
sive Germans on the left wing of the
allies thus far has consisted chiefly of
dashing cavalry charges to determine
the strength of the resistance of their
The Germans appear to pivot on tne
line of the Ourthe Klver, along which
th.v hnve constructed trenchee. evi
dently anticipating the possibility of a
powerful offensive fight when the
grVat battle Is Joined.
TAX IS TO AWAIT NEEDS
Reports From Customs May Re-re I
WASHINGTON. Aug. 14 Arrange
ta for war taxes In the United
States to supplement falling customs
revenues and how they shall be levieo
are being held in abeyance until the
situation confronting the Treasury be
comes more clearly defined.
At another conference today between
Chairman Simmons, of the Senate fi
nance committee; Chairman Under
wood, of the ways and means commit
tee, and Secretary McAdoo it wae
agreed that any deficit should be made
up by additional Internal revenue
taxes, but it wae decided to hold an
other conference next week and in the
meanwhile reports from all Atlantlo
Coast custom-houses will indicate what
the Government must meet.
Memiwhile Chairman t'nderwood will
get the ways and means committee
ready to act on a plan.
GRANGE TO LET CONTRACT
Washington Committee Complcw
Two-Dnj- Session at Vancouver.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Aug. 14. (Spe
cial.) The executive committee of the
Washington State Grange tonight com
pleted a two day's session, planning
for the coming year s work. The mem
bers are C. B. Higby. master, of Pa
louse' Fred W. Lewis, secretary, Turn
water: C. E. Flint, Blaine; J. T. Corap
ton. Wenatchee. and J. O. Wing, Waeh
ougal. The contract for publishing the Ag
ricultural Grange News Is to be let at
once. It is now published at Olympia,
and the bid; have been reduced to two.
jponduded on Pas 1.)