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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 27, 1914)
l'KICK FIVE CENTS.
VOL. LIV.- XO. 16,746.
PORTLAND, -OREGON, MONDAY, JULY 21, 1914.
Ironclad Censorship Is
Imposed; World Is
Kept in Dark,
SODDEN BLOW IS POSSIBLE
Empire Believed Determined
to Force War, Despite
RESERVISTS GALLED HOME
Second Act of War Is Arrest
of Servian Chief-of-Staff.
SINGLE LOOPHOLE REMAINS
Even Should Serria at Eleventh
Hoar, However, Bow to Demands,
Payment for Preparations
Will Be Exacted.
LONDON, July 26 New proof that
Austria is fully determined to make
war on Servia Is seen In Sunday's de
velopments, while the possibilities of
a general European war seem greater
than ever have confronted the present
The Servian reply to the Austrian
ultimatum was an acceptance of almost
all the imperious demands, except that
Austrian officials shall participate in
the investigation and fix the responsi
bility for the anti-Austrian propaganda.
Servian Appeal Refused.
Servia proposed an appeal to the
powers at The Hague for the settle
ment of that feature. Notwithstand
ing this humiliating surrender, which
was more than Europe expected of the
little nation, the Austrian government
today gave the Servian minister his
passports which may be construed as
a virtual declaration or war.
Austria also committed an act of war
by arresting the chief of the Servian
general staff. General Putnlk, near
Budapest, but he was soon released by
the Emperor's direct command.
Armies May Be Cloning In.
A formal declaration of war is not
expected, because Servia is not a party
to The Hague convention, which
requires this. The suspension of all
parliamentary and Judicial institutions
have been decreed in Austria and an
ironclad censorship has drawn a cor
don of secrecy around the country, so
that the outside world is in complete
Ignorance of everything happening
there, except what the government
wants the world to know.
Even now the Austrian army may
be closing in upon Servia and deliv
ering a sudden blow, us Japan did
when she sent her fleet against the
AUMtrlanN Ordered Hume.
While Austria announces a "partial
mobilization," the Austrian Ambassador
at London has issued a significant
notice to all Austrians liable for mil
itary service to return home.
The only possibility of averting war
Is that at the eleventh hour Servia
shall reconsider her reply to the Aus
trian note and bow to all the demands.
Even then Austria proposes to .exact
payment for all her expenses in con
nection with her military measures.
Russia's Attitude Crucial Feature.
The question whether Russia will
take up arms to save her Slav protege
from a crushing blow is the crucial
feature of the situation on which the
peace of all Europe hinges.
The same degree of secrecy which
Austria has imposed has been estab
lished in Russia also; therefore it can
not be known what military prepara
tions are in progress there. The
Russian government has permitted
messages to go forth quoting the St.
Petersburg papers as considering in
tervention inevitable and demanded
by the popular sentiment.
Germany has informed the other
powers that she considers that the
Austro-Servian quarrel concerns those
nations alone. If any other power
takes it up she declares, serious con
sequences must follow.
Ambassador "Filrunrd" Requests.
According to the Daily Telegraph,
the German Ambassadors at the capi
tals of the triple-alliance London, St.
Petersburg and Paris when asked to
press their governments to act as a
check on Austria, replied simply that
they would forward the request.
In return, Germany invited the Cabi
nets of London and Paris to do their
utmost to keep Russia in check. An of
ficial St. Petersburg message says that
hopes are still entertained there that
peace may be preserved. The Foreign
Minister, Sergius Sazonoff, has made
suggestions which he thinks should
HOMES SAVED BY
CAMPERS' FIRE THREATENS
BRIDGE AND TOWN.
Flames Reach Brush on Edge of
Trout dale and Sheriff Word
Makes Run in 1 8 Minutes.
TROUTDALE, Or.. July 26. (Spe
cial.) Campers thought they had ex
tinguished an open fire near the east
end of Troutdale today, but were mis
taken and at 5:30 o'clock tonight the
fire spread into the brush and for a
time menaced the bridge over the San
dy River, threatening to gain a hold
In the brush timber.
Passersby on a motorcycle discovered
the spreading flames and reported it
to Jean Larson, In charge of the tele
phone office here, and Mr. Larson im
mediately telephoned Sheriff Word at
Portland. The Sheriff rushed 17 pris
oners from Kelley Butte and within
an hour the flames were controlled.
The prisoners had to work hard and
fast, however, to check the flames, dig
ging trenches, throwing up dirt banks
and otherwise blocking the path of the
"The people of Troutdale can't give
too much praise to the work of tnose
prisoners," said Mr. Larson. "They
worked as if their lives depended on it,
and some of our homes did. The Sher
iff got here with two loads of men
in 18 minutes after I telephoned and
we are mighty grateful.
"The campers were a party of motor
cyclists, and apparently had made an
effort to put out their fire before leav
ing, but the dry brush and the wind
"Motorcyclists have set fires around
Troutdale before, and if I can catch
any of them, it is going to go hard with
them," said Sheriff Word last night.
"Last week several fires were started
along Sandy road in this way."
AUSTRIANS HERE CALLED
Ambassador Asks That Reservists In
America Return to Army.
MANCHESTER, "Mass., July 26. Dr.
Constantin Theodor Dumba, Ambassa
dor from Austria-Hungary to the Uni
ted States, instructed consuls in this
country today to order all Austro-Hun-garian
reservists whose whereabouts
are known to prepare to return to the
army. In event war is declared with
The Ambassador, who is at his Sum
mer home here, expressed the opinion
that war was imminent.
BERLIN, July 26. The Summer sea
son at Carlsbad and other resorts has
been broken up by the Austrian mobili
zation. Hundreds of Americans have
left in haste and have come into Ger
many. The military took possession of
all the roads in Austria.
The last passenger train fr:m Carls
bad reached Berlin tonight with a large
number of American fugitives.
Wfr Will vA I : ip 1 1
TOP. LEFT TO RIGHT. VON BETHMA -HOLLWEO, GERMAN CHANCELLOR. WHO HOLDS WAR CONFERENCE WITH KAISER: EQUESTRIAN PHO
TOGRAPH OF EMPEROR FRANCIS JOSEPH, OF AUSTRIA, WHO SEEKS TO COERCE SERVIA; GENERAL SO I KHOMI.INOI K. RUSSIAN WAR MIN
ISTER, IN CHARGE OF CZAR'S MILITARY PREPARATIONS. BELOW, SERVIAN ROYAl, PALACE AT BELGRADE, WHICH HAS BEEN ABAN
DONED AS SEAT OF GOVERNMENT, AND LEOPOLD VON BUCHTOLD, AUSTRIAN FOREIGN MINISTER, WHO HOLDS CONFERENCE WITH
1 It AN Us JOSEPH.
CONFLICT AS BEGUN
FIRST ENCOUNTER REPORTED
Vessels Conveying Austrian
Troops Fired on, Is Rumor.
PUBLIC FERVOR IS HIGH
Cheering Crowds Gather in Vienna
Streets, Despite Rain Govern
ment Assumes Enormous Pow
er to Insure Secrecy.
VIENNA. July 26. The sending of
his passports to the Servian Minister,
M. Jovanovitch, by the Austrian For
eign Office today, is deemed equivalent
to a declaration of war.
This action was taken today, the re
port that the Servian Minister left
Vienna yesterday having been incor
rect. He will depart at once. The
Russian Ambassador will take charge
of the Servian interests.
It is believed there will be no formal
declaration of war, as Servia never sub
scribed to The Hague convention.
Patriotic Demonstrations Continue.
There were patriotic demonstrations
throughout the day, although a rain
was falling. Great crowds gathered
n front of the war office and cheered
the officers who appeared. Processions
with flags flying filled the streets.
A general mobilization in Montene
gro is reported.
Italy has informed Austria that in
event of armed conflict with Servia she
will adopt a friendly attitude in at
tendance with her relations with the
Proclamations have been posted or
dering partial mobilization.
The Austro-Hungarian Bank has ad
vanced the bank rate from 4 to 5 per
cent, and the committee of the Bourse
has decided to close the Bourse Mon
day, Tuesday and Wednesday. The com
mittee explains that its decision was
actuated by regard for the public in
terests, to prevent an unwarranted dis
turbance of industrial interests and to
counteract disquieting reports.
The Neue Freie Presse says the Mln-
(Concluded on Page 2.)
FOUR PROMINENT FIGURES IN THE AUSTRO-SERB
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 73
decrees; minimum, 00 degrees.
TODAY S Fair, northwesterly wind.
Austrians regard war as actuality. Page 1
Servians of San Francisco eager for war
Austria clamps on censorship; may now be
striking. Page 1.
Paris believes Mme. Caillaux will go free.
Dublin mob aiding Nationalist gun-runners
fired on by troops, tour aeau, ou wounaeu
Mobllltv ot Carranza's administrative ma
chinery remarkable. Page 3.
United States only country with wheat to
sell: foreigners realize it. Page 1.
Republicans confident of carrying Nebraska
this Fall. Page 2.
Order is Issued abolishing Imprisoning Nav
deserters in times of peace. Page 4.
Railway traffic making better showing.
Pacifis Coast League results: Portland 7-1.
San Francisco 3-6; Los Angeles 0-0, sac
ramento 6-1; Oakland 0-4, Venice 0-3
Annual attemDt begun to take Pacific
Coast motorboat championships to Puget
Sound. Page 8.
Pendleton takes Tri-State pennant, end Is
burlesque. Page 8.
First message comes from Joe Knowles
Large crew to rush check on Seven Sis
ters. Page 3.
Prisoners rushed to Troutdale fire given
credit for saving homes. Page 1.
Portland and Vicinity.
Child-trading by Indiana lawyer is charged.
Adventist ureacher sees end of world in
coming European war. Page 0.
Movie houses present new bills. Page 12.
David S. M. Unger forecasts new race and
religion. Page 9.
Ruse of loan sharks for tracing escaping
victims exposed in records. Page 12.
Weather report, forecast and data. Page 9.
Dr. D. V. Poling resigns as pastor of Pilgrim
Congregational Church to fight "dry"
cause. Paso 9.
Library burglar, who says he Is artist, con
fesses thefts. Page 7.
Two victims are claimed In Sunday drown
ings. I'aje 4.
SANDY HAS $5000 FIRE
Livery Burns, Six Horses, Vehicles
and House Destroyed.
SANDY, Or., July 27 (Monday).
(Special.) Fire destroyed the Sandy
livery barns and the home of H. Jack
son this morning at 12:30 o clock. Six
horses and a number of vehicles were
burned and the loss Is more than $5000.
Little insurance was carried, it is un
derstood. The origin of the fire is un
The Catholic Church and the home of
P. T. Shelley were threatened for a time
but were saved by the work of the
Roman Teacher Is Coming.
SAN FRANCICO, July 26. Madame
Monteso.rri, the Roman authority on
the education of children, will super
vise, for four months in 1915, a model
school to be conducted according to
her methods, under the auspices of the
department of education and social
economy of the Fanama-Pacific Expo
CRISIS AND ABANDONED ROYAL PALACE.
FIRED ON IN DUBLIN
Four Killed, More Than
SEVEN ARE EXPECTED TO DIE
Ten Thousand Nationalist
Rifles Cause of Conflict.
WOMEN AMONG VICTIMS
King's Own Scottish Borderers, Sent
to Capture Arms, Shoot Tormen
tors and Are Xow Confined
as Protection From People.
DUBLIN, July 26. Three men and
one woman are dead and more tnan
60 persons are in the hospital wounded
as a result of a battalion of the King's
Own Scottish Borderers' firing into a
mob in the streets of Dublin today.
Seven of the wounded are expected to
die. Among them are three women and
boy of 10.
The affray came as a consequence of
a gun-running exploit of the Nation
alist Volunteers, who were being aided
by a mob composed largely of women
and youths. A consignment of rifles,
said to number 10,000, was landed last
night at Howth, nine miles from Dub
lin, from a private yacht.
Nationalists Stop Travel on Roads.
The Nationalist Volunteers cut the
telegraph wires and stopped travel on
the Dublin roads, and according to
reports, sent away most of the rifles,
ogether with 70,000 rounds of am
munition, in motor cars.
A battalion of the King's Own Scot
tish Borderers was ordered to capture
the arms today when the authorities
heard the volunteers were bringing
them into the city. The soldiers en
countered a detachment of volunteers
at Clonmel Bridge and an outbreak
resulted, but there was no shooting.
Soon a great crowd collected and
followed the troops, jeering them and
cheering for John Redmand, the Na
tionalist leader, and home rule. Finally
the mob began throwing bottles and
stones, injuring several soldiers.
Iluttallon Firra on Crowd.
To this attack the battalion replied
(Concluded on Page 3.)
EUROPE TURNS TO
UNITED STATES IS ONLY COUN
TRY WITH SURPLUS TO SELL.
Foreigners Buying Futures on Enor
mous Scale, Realizing Defi
ciency in Own Crop.
CHICAGO, July 26 (Special.) The
United States is the only large wheat
producing country that has a surplus
for export this year, and the European
crop shows a deficit of 269.000.000 bush
els as compared with last year.
Foreigners recognize this and have
been enormous buyers of cash wheat
on futures. A Kansas City authority
Is quoted today as saying 25,000,000
bushels have been sold from there to
go out by way of the gulf this year.
The actual export business at all mar
kets And In all positions is enormous
and extends up to January, and Is the
largest known in years, and should it
all clear it will tax the transportation
facilities to the limit.
War news, a large deficit in the Eu
ropean crop as compared with last year,
and deterioration in the Spring wheat
prospects In the American and Cana
dian Northwest and in Russia, are the
bullish factors. The estimated shortage
of 269,000.000 bushels In Europe, Rus
sia and Canada has been confirmed In
many details by the United States De
partment of Agriculture.
T. MANVILLE LOSES WIFE
Son of Asbestos King, Willi .Menial
Job, May Be Sued for Divorce.
PITTSBURG, July 26. (Special.)
More things have happened in the ro
mantic life of young Thomas Manvllle.
Jr., son of the "Asbestos King" of
New York. It Is understood a separa
tion will be asked by his actress wife,
who left their home hero last Monday
and returned to New York.
Manvllle fell in love with Florence
Uber when she was playing in "The
Follies" in 1911. Notwithstanding
parental objections, Tommy married
her. With his wife he came to Pitts
burg and got a Job nailing up boxes.
The gay actress became discontent
ed, and it Is said when she asks for a
divorce she will seek also a wad of
the Manvllle cash.
"DRYS" BEATEN IN TEXAS
Prohibition Amendment Provision
Hns 30,000 Majority Against It.
DALLAS. Texas. July 26 Prohibition
was defeated In yesterday's state pri
mary, according to returns today.
James E. Ferguson, the antl-prohlbl-tlon
candidate for the nomination for
Governor, increased his lead over
Thomas H. Beall, Prohibition candidate.
The returns indicate a final majority
for Ferguson of about 40,000.
Prospects were that final figures
would show defeat of the prohibition
amendment provision by about 30,000
BOYS' 'MOVIE SHOW BURNS
Toy Film Playhouse Has All Punic
Like "Sure Enough" Theater.
SPOKANE, Wash., July 26. (Spe
cial.) A toy moving picture theater In
a plnno-box playhouse, furnished the
thrills and a "sure-enough" fire panic
at Molson, Wash., Friday.
Elmer Larson's two small sons filled
their toy moving picture machlno In
the piano-box with gas dine and applied
a match. The piano-box instantly was
In flames and escape was cut off. The
boys shrieked in chorus. A resourceful
mother literally chopped her sons to
safety in the nick of time.
BERRIES LIFT MORTGAGE
Salemite ;'ts 00 Crate From strip
That Meets Part of Debt.
SALEM. Or., July 26. (Special.) H.
O. Cox, of the Ireton fruit ranch, south
of Salem, paid a big part of the mort
gage on his farm this year. Ninety
nine crates of strawberries were grown
by him on a strip of land 117 feet wide
and i68 feet long.
A few years ago Mr. Cox purchased
10 acres, paying 150 rash and promis
ing to pay the balance as he could. He
dried more than two tons of loganber
ries last year. He says If his crops are
good next year he will liquidate the
OTHELLO OFFICE ROBBED
Burglars Loot Postage Safes
Get Cancelled Order-.
OTHELLO, Wash., July 26. (Spe
cial.) The postoffice and the general
store belonging to H. J. Tipton were
burglarized Saturday and several hun
dred dollars in money and checks
taken. Two safes were blown and the
work was evidently that of experts.
The postoffice loss Is J200. while the
store's loss is considerably more.
Though no postage stamps were stolen,
the burglars took nearly all of the
postoffice records, including the paid
money orders that were on hand.
STREET CLOSED FOR PLAY
New York Children Loosed on High
way and Traffic Suspended.
NEW YORK. July 26. An innova
tion in methods of providing play
space for children in the congested
quarters was put into practice today
when one block length of a street in
the East End was closed to traffic for
three hours to serve as a playground.
It will be closed from 3 to 6 each
afternoon during the Summer for this
purpose, it was announced.
E. CAILLAUX 10
GO FREE, IS BELIEF
Suspended Sentence Is
MAJORITY WILL RULE JURY
On Vote of 6 to 6, Verdict Must
CITY VASTLY ENTERTAINED
l'h;i-- International, Internal, ho
cial, Dramatic and Romantic
Keep Interest High Nl
Duels Among Possibilities.
PARIS. July !6. The Impression
around the Palace of Justice Is that
Mme Caillaux, on trial for the mur
der of M. Calmette. will bo acquitted,
or at least receive only a short, sus
In the French Jury system a deci
sion Is reached by the majority, or. If
the ballots stand six to six, acquittal.
The Jurors have complete liberty ex
cept while the court Is in session. All
of them complain of having received
letters threatening them with death if
they free Mme. Caillaux. They have
also received letters arguing that they
ought to acquit the defendant Under
their Instructions, they do not read
the reasons, arguments or pretended
facts: their duty as Jurymen requires
them to destroy the letters.
Pari. Eutrrtalard Dally.
The Paris public has extracted a
vast deal of entertainment from the
trial. Sales of the Paris newspapers
have been enormous. There have been
mysterious diplomatic papers, which
mast persons still think exist in the
Foreign office archives, and elusive
photographed love letters to give a
touch of mystery to the rasa.
In the foreground two women have
striven against each othsr Mm
Caillaux, who thrilled the audience In
the courtroom with a ronfrsslon of her
thoughts and emotions before she shot
Calmette. and Mme. (lueydan. who
moved her hearer still more strong
ly by the tragic testimony of a desert
Two llnrli Possible.
Joseph Caillaux, a former Premier
of France and now the leader of the
riKllcal groups which govern the re
public, sprang at once Into the breach
In defense of Ms wife, and In the
course of the proceedings has been
confronted by another Premier. Louis
Most remarkable things hsve oc
curred at this trial, and not the least
is the threatened duel between the
president of the court. Judge Louis
Albanel, and one of the other Judges,
Louis Dagoury. Tho duel awaits the
decision of the Minister of Justice.
Mennwhlle the Judges pass each
other scornfully. M. Caillaux himself
railed the councel for the Calmette
family to terms for a suggestion mad"
In the courtroom, and people are now
wondering whether the ex-Premier and
M. Chonu, who declared that he was
not to be menaced, will also meet at
the sword's point.
k. put, ti. .in Gnvrrasaeat Trial.
A heated suggestion of Germany was
brought Into court. 11. Calmetto bad
charged M Caillaux with having be
trayed French Interests In the Moroccan
affair, and If. Caillaux told the jury
that the Figaro, of which M. Calmette
was the editor, was owned across the
Rhine: that Calmette had been the In
strument of France's enemies In reus
ing discord In the French capital.
What with the Ksbre document In
tho Rochette banking frauds and the
Influence of the ministers on the courts
and prosecutors, the Republican gov
ernment has in some sense been on
trial. High finance has had Its place
In the proceedings through tbe In
sistence of Cslllaux's ..radical partisans
that it was his pressing of the Income
tax that caused Influential Interests to
use Calmetto to break Caillaux In pub
Mill. Restraint Imposed.
The procedure within the court
would be the source of amazement to
the American and English spectator.
accustomed to the restraint the law of
his country Imposes, and the strict ad
herence to evidence relevant to the
charges. Here, apparently, the privi
lege Is accorded of exploring all the
byways and hedges leading to the scene
of the crime.
M. Laborl has several times scored a
telling point for the defendant by a
clever turn of the tongue: at. Caillaux
has spoken for hours on all tbe politi
cal ramifications of the case; his strong
supporter. Deputy Ceccaldl. addressed
to the Jury an Impassioned defense of
the Caillaux family amid a contin
ual murmur of protest or approval, to
which he replied on one occasion:
"If I defend M Caillaux It Is because
he Is an honest man."
McGrath's Record Gore.
CHICAGO. July 26 Patrick Ryan, of
the New York Irlsh-Amerlcnn Athletic
Cluh. broke a world's record In throw
ing the 66-pound weight at the Irish-
American Athletic Club games at Fed
eral League Park today. He made a dis
tance of 12 feet li'-. Inches, standing
In a seven-foot circle and using both
The former record of 46 feet
Inches was made by M. J McOratta In
Montreal, in mi
(Concluded on Page 2.)