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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1914)
ttjv. rOT?XTXO OREGONTAN, TUESDAY, APRII, 21, 1914.
National Capital Feels "War
Spirit" and Army and
Navy Are Busy.
PRECEDENT IS CALLED UP
Incident in 185 4 in Nicaragua Un
der President Pierce to Be Basis
for Present Action Bureau
Clerks Work 24 Hours.
(Continued From First Pa
In the Senate committee on foreign re
lations showed that the prospect of
passing immediately the joint resolu
tion approving the President's course
was by no means as bright as it had
seemed, and debate was expected to
run far Into the night.
President "Wilson had pointed out
that under precedent he did not need
the authority of Congress to act. but
merely sought their counsel, advice
and approval "in a matter possibly
of so grave consequence."
Orders Go to Army amd Navy.
While Congress deliberated and Ma
jority Leader Underwood urged prompt
action, so that if American forces were
fired on they would bo free to act, the
executive branch of the Government is
sued orders to the Army and Navy with
The Army was cautioned to be on the
alert and active preparations to use
the militia as volunteer forces in case
of further emergencies were begun.
The warships of the Navy were ordered
to concentrate on Tampico and Vera
Cruz as their first objective point.
Plans Made to Seise Forts.
Plans were made to seize these ports.
American merchant vessels were or
dered out of Mexican harbors and there
was a long session of the joint board
of the Army and Navy, participated in
by Admiral Dewey, Major-General
Wood and Major-General Witherspoon,
after which it was announced that the
Army and Navy were prepared for in
Tonight the President conferred with
Secretaries of State, War and Navy re
garding successive steps to be taken
to force reparation from Huerta. Major
General Wood, chief of staff of the
Army; Rear-Admiral Victor Blue, chief
of the Navy Bureau of Navigation;
Rear-Admiral John Fisk, chief of the
Bureau of Operation, and John Llnd,
the President's personal representative
in Mexico, were called into the confer
ence. Americans are being urged to with
draw from Mexico. Merchant ships are
being chartered to take them away and
while the President himself deprecates
the "war spirit" with which the Na
tional capital is surcharged, high Gov
ernment officials do not deny that most
elaborate precautions are being taken
for any eventuality.
Clerks on Dnty 24 Honrs.
Clerks and secretaries in the State.
War and Navy buildings are being kept
on duty 24 hours, and everything is on
a "war basis." Social engagements are
being cancelled by Government offi
cials; members of Congress are hesitant
to leave Washington while the crisis
Newspaper extras and crowds watch
ing the bulletins in front of newspaper
offices, and scenes of animation at the
White House and State, War and Navy
building indicated the excitement that
has spread through Washington.
The President in a statement to
newspaper correspondents said he had
no enthusiasm for war; that he hoped
to avert it, but that he was taking
forceful steps to stop indignities which
might lead to armed conflict. He drew
a distinction between the Huerta fac
tion and the great body of Mexican
people, who had refused to recognize
General Huerta as their President. '
The President in deprecating the war
spirit that had arisen said: "In no con
ceivable circumstances will we fight
the people of Mexico."
Measures "short of war" are planned
by the President, such as the seizure
of custom-houses, the occupation of
coast towns, the takinar of Mexican
warships and a blockade of Mei o's
commerce with the United States. r--Precedent
When the- President laid the situa
tion before the Cabinet in a two-hour
session Counsellor Lansing, of the State
Department, sat at the table, telling
in detail of the precedent upon which
the Administration's action, it now has
been aeciaeti, will he based. It hap
pened in 1854 when the captain of an
American war vessel was ordered by
President Pierce to Bluefields, Nicar
agua, to obtain reparation for insults
to the American Minister. The town
was held by rebels who had not been
recognized by the United States. It was
thrice bombarded by the American ship
and finally the American officer went
ashore with his men and burned the
town. No lives were lost, the popula
tion taking refuge some distance away.
Mr. Wilson realizes that any action
which the United States might take
might be construed by Huerta as a mil
itary operation sufficient to provoke
war, but in all utterances today he
emphasized that it was not the part
of a powerful nation such as the United
States to declare war on a weak neigh
bor, especially on a small portion of
a country already torn by civil strife.
War's Only Purpose Declared.
The President's message indicated
clearly that should war result the
United States would not seek to add to
its territorial confines and that its only
purpose would be the restoration in
Mexico of law and order.
The delivery of the message giving
to Congress a detailed account of the
arrest of the American bluejackets at
Tampico and Huerta's refusal to ac
cede to Rear-Admiral Mayo's demand
for a salute was the incident of most
absorbing interest of the day.
Great crowds swtrmed the Capitol
grounds and the House chamber. In
feverish excitement people waited for
hours to hear the message read. The
President was calm and smiled his ac
knowledgment of the demonstration
of cheers with' which he was greeted.
When he reviewed the incident at
Tampico and said he deemed it his duty
to sustain in full the demand of Ad
miral Mayo for a salute, cheers came
from the Democratic side and from
some Republicans. Many members of
the minority party were silent, bow
ever, a fact which occasioned much
comment in the galleries.
Many Republicans Silent.
The President's strongly phrased ex
pression of his determination to secure
approval for the use of armed forces
"in such ways and to such an extent
as may be necessary to obtain from
General Huerta and his adherents the
fullest recognition of the rights and
dignity of the United States" waa re
ceived with a burst of enthusiasm, but
again many Republicans were silent.
As the President leTt the House
chamber he chatted with House and
Senate leaders about the steps he had
in mind. He did not think it necessary
as yet to ask for an appropriation but
already such a measure had been in
troduced in the Senate.
Secretary Bryan stayed at the Capitol
to discuss with members of the Houbc
committee on foreign affairs the
phraseology of the joint resolution ap
proving the President's course in using
the Army and" Navy.
The Senate in the meantime passed
the House bill, providing for the or
ganizing of the militia as volunteers
on authority of the President but the
resolution was held up on a motion to
reconsider by Senator Reed. Those in
charge of the resolution hope to clear
it tomorrow for conference.
Consideration of the joint resolution
to carry out the President's purpose of
enforcing the demand on Huerta oc
cupied the attention of the two con
gressional committees in charge of for
eign affairs, and the bill soon was re
ported to the House, but held up In
the Senate committee to await the'
action of the other body.
Opposition Is Varied. ,
Opposition developed along many dif
ferent lines. Some wanted to give the
President authority to deal with the
whole Mexican problem; others objected
to individualizing Huerta in the reso
lution, while others thought the use of
the word "justified" in reference to the
President's course might commit them
Into an expression of approval of other
phases of the Mexican question.
Acting Chairman Shively and Sena
tor Swanson of the Senate committee
on foreign relations, went to tiie White
House at 6 o'clock for a conference
about the text of the resolution while
the House debated it. Senator Shively
did not think the Senate would act
until tomorrow. Inasmuch as the At
lantic fleet will reach Tampico Wednes
day morning. the Administration
wanted the resolution passed so that
tomorrow night be occupied in a com
pletion of orders to the fleet.
Secretary Garrison insisted in his
talks with callers today that no orders
had been issued to the Army for ag
gressive action, but that his depart
ment had merely taken steps deemed
prudent in the emergency. Brigadier
General Mills. In charge of militia af
fairs, had telegraphed to the various
states for information about militia to
be used as volunteer forces In cases
of necessity, and arrangements were
being made with merchant steamship
lines to charter ships for transports.
Secretary Garrison announced that if
the Army were used in forcing the de
mands on Huerta, Major-General Wood,
whose term as chief of staff expires
this week, would go to Texas City to
tajce cnarge or the situation. General
Wood said that, should the Army be
required to move before he could reach
there, Brigadier-General Funston would
oe in command of any forward move
ment. Clashes to Be Prerented.
The chief p rpose of the meeting to
day of the joint Army and Navy Board,
composed of representatives of the
Army and Navy war colleges, was to
prevent clashes of authority between
these two branches of the service,
where they might be ordered to work
Should Tampico be taken bv tho ma
rines landed from warships and troops
then sent to hold the town, the board
decided upon disputed points in such
cases which arose in the SDanish-
American War. It was the first time
in many years that the Joint board had
Besides Admiral Dewev and M1or-
General Wotherspoon, who is to suc
ceed General Wood as chief of staff of
the Army, those who participated in
the deliberations of the Joint board
were: Rear-Admiral William H
Sutherland, Rear-Admiral Bradley A.
lske. becretary Daniels aid for oner.
ations. and Captain Harry S. KnaDD
an memoers or tne General Board of
the Navy, as well as Brigadier-General
J-iunter Liggett, president of the Army
war college, and Brigadier-General
Erasmus M. Weaver, ' chief of coast
Warm debate began in the House as
soon as the resolution was reported by
the foreign affairs committee. During
the consideration in the committee Rep
resentative tiartnoldl, of Missouri, had
offered an amendment to restrict the
President's activities to "his constitu
On this Representatives Bartholdt and
Ainey voted against the remainder of
the committee. On the final vote Ainey
aione opposed the measure.
The discussion in the committee
hovered about the use of the word "Jus
tified." Some members contended that
the President should be "authorized
to use the armed forces of the Nation,
Dui it was neia that this would be a
virtual declaration of war.
After the committee adjourned Chair
man Flood presented the resolution on
the floor for the action of the House.
after conferring with Bryan and Under
Mann Asks Tot Honrs.
When Flood asked unanimous consent
that the resolution and report be read.
Leader Mann reserved the right to ob
ject to the present consideration of the
resolution and demanded an explana
tion. Chairman Flood said he was pre
pared to allow half an hour's debate
on the resolution on each side of the
House. Representative Mann asserted
the minority needed two hours' debate.
"The President has advised us of con
ditions," Underwood said. "We would
not insist on putting this resolution
through at this time if this were not
a matter of paramount importance. But
with the President's message delivered
our troops may be fired on at any time.
We must act at once,"
A round of Democratic applause
"1 am not alarmed by that state
ment," Mann replied, "but the Presi
dent has asked for our advice and we
shov A have time to give it. Before we
equip -the Nation for war we should at
least have time to draw our breaths.
I am always ready to support the Presi
dent in his conduct of the foreign rela
tions, but I value my country above my
allegiance to the President."
A cheer from the Republican side
greeted this statement. Shouts of "bring
in a rule," "Hurry it through," from
the Democratic side, interrupted the
effort to obtain unanimous consent.
Representative Mann finally agreed
that he would accept an hour and a
half. Representative Underwood said
the Democrats would be satisfied with
Representative Sisson, Democrat, of
Missouri, declaring that the resolution
was "a declaration of war, and as such
was a matter which Congress should
duly consider," objected to any agree
ment. Rule la BroDcbt In.
Speaker Clark then recognized Chair,
many Henry of the rules committee,
who presented a special rule for the
consideration of the resolution. The
rule simply provides that the House
"proceed to the consideration of the
Mexican resolution." By agreement be
tween Henry and Campbell, ranking
Republican on the rules committee, the
deDate on tne rule itself was limited
to 20 minutes, with the understanding
that the Republican side was to have
a fair opporunlty for debate on the
resolution after the . adoption of. the
Representative Campbell of Kansas,
Republican, opened the opposition to
the rule saying its purpose was "to
make in order a resolution which is a
declaration of war."
"We are asked to declare war against
Huerta, Why?" he asked. "Because
American citizens have been murdered?
No. Because Americans have been out
raged? No. But because a company
of sailors were arrested by a subordi
nate. 13 it enough to Justify a declara
tion of war? War with its awful con
sequences against the helpless, dis
tracted, poverty-stricken people of
Mexico. For the people of Mexico
share with Huerta. the results of war.
"I am against this war," Campbell
continued. "But if you force this war
upon my country it will be my war,
the war of my country and I will sup
"If you force this war upon my
country 1 will stay here until the war
An outburst of laughter and applause
from the Democratic side greeted this,
and for a few minutes Mr. Campbell
was unable to continue.
rroKKMlvn IMeda-e Support.
Representative Pou of North Caro
lina, a Democrat, supported the rule.
declaring the time has come to put
an end to these outrages in Mexico."
Progressive support for the resolution
was pledged by Progressive Leader
Murdock. This resolution needs one
thing more than anything else,' he
said. "That is the unanimous vote
of the Congress of the United States.
When my country's dignity is in question-
I have but one rule. That is:
Follow the flag. This resolution will
do one thing that should be done. It
will send around the world the word
that our flag must be respected. I
am tired of 'watchful waiting.' "
A cheer from the Democrats greeted
Murdock's speech. Lenroot, Republi
can, favored the resolution, saying that
its passage was the "best means of
preventing war in Mexico." Republi
can Leader Mann spoke vigorously
against the President's policy.
'If the Incidents which the Presi
dent has related to us had occurred
with England. Germany. France or any
other great nation." he said, "we
would not have such a resolution pend
ing here now. But we think that be
cause Mexico is weak we have the
moral right to declare war against her
with high hopes of success. I would
not declare war against Mexico for
something for which I would not de
clare war against England or France."
Mr. Mann said the President was is
suing orders" to congress.
'This is a declaration of war, he
said. "This is a declaration that the U.
S. is the helpful ally of the murderous
crew in Northern Mexico who are mur
dering men and outraging women."
He insisted that it was purely a case
of personal resentment of the Presi
dent because he did not like Huerta,
'I don't condone the methods by
which Huerta secured the high posi
tion he now holds," continued the lead
er, "nor do I believe in a declaration
of war against him becauso Wilson
does not happen to like him.
'We owe more than a salute from
Huerta to the flag. We owe it to make
the flag stand for right and Justice
Representative Underwood closed the
debate in support of the rule. As he
took the floor the Democrats cheered.
"This resolution," he said, "may mean
war. It may mean peace. Let us hope
that the ultimate result of the passage
of the resolution will be peace and
good order and the establishment of
friendship between the two govern
Representative McDonald, of Mich
igan, Progressive, supported the reso
lution as a step to prevent war.
Representative ICent, IndeDendent.
California, expressing regret that he
could not agree with the President,
said the resolution was a "declaration
of war" and asserted that by passing
It Congress would "condemn to death
many of our citizens in Mexico." Rep
resentative Kahn, of California, also
opposed the resolution, asserting that
it meant useless war.
"I have always believed," said Rep
resentative Madden, of Illinois, "that
nothing less than a nation could pro
voke another nation to war. But here
we are asked to declare war against
the individual, Huerta. We have no
cause for war. I would go as far as
any man to preserve the honor of the
Nation, but I am not prepared to jus
tify war for any such trivial cause
Representative Bryan Speaks.
"This resolution simply calls upon
us to put our forces down in Mexico
to preserve the peace of the world,
said. Representative Bryan, of Washing
ton, speaking for the measure.
Representative Gardner, of Massa
chusetts, said he was willing to vote
the President full support in the fu
ture, but was not willing to subscribe
to the President's position in the
Representative Stephen, of Mississip
pi, was the first Democrat to speak
against the resolution. He said the
resolution was a declaration of war
and that he did not believe the "Presi
dent had made a sufficient cause to
justify us in declaring war."
Representative Butler, of Pennsyl
vania, opposed the resolution as un
necessary. He was followed by Repre
sentative Reilly, of Connecticut, who
aroused a storm , of applause on the
Democratic side of the House by re
citing a poem to the flag.
Representative Moore, of Pennsyl
vania, offered an amendment providing
that nothing in the resolution "shall
be construed as a declaration of war
As the debate grew to a close, the
House became reckless, applause be
came boisterous and speakers were
frequently interrupted by shouts of
Gallerlea Join In Spirit.
The crowded galleries joined in the
Portland, Oregon, March 25, 1914
" We have made a complete analysis of
the contents of a can of Rumf ord Baking
Powder purchased of a Portland grocer,
and found it to be worthy of the highest
commendation as a healthful, efficient
and economical leavening agent."
Gilbert-Hall Co., Chemists,
spirit of restlessness and Speaker Clark
had considerable difficulty in suppress
Closing the debate against the reso
lution. Minority Leader Mann declared
that he was opposed to war because
he "had served in this House through
"I have seen the results of the Span
ish War," he said, "and I have seen
that no one can foretell the results of
war. I do not believe It is possible for
-us to have war with Mexico and ever
leave Mexico. I think that when our
troops land in Mexico City when the
war is over we will own Mexico. I am
not now in favor of acquiring the re
sponsibility for that ownership. I know
that when the time comes I will Join
with a majority in this House who will
say the flag must never come down;
that our boys plantea it there."
Mr. Mann added that he believed
that all of the efforts of peace had not
been exhausted in the Mexican situa
tion and that the Nation should not yet
be plunged into war.
Representative Henry concluded the
debate in support of the resolution.
Partisan Polities" Blamed.
He said that Representative Mann
had involved "partisan politics" in the
consideration of the resolution. The
President, he declared, has done every
thing that a patriotic President could
do to avert the war that seems to be
impending in Mexico.
"Every member In the House should
vote for this resolution." he said, "and
every man should be ashamed to play
The Bartholdt amendment, limiting
the President's power, was rejected by
a viva voce vote.
The amendment of Representative
Moore, declaring that the resolution
was not to be construed as a declara
tion or war, also was downed by a
rolling chorus of "noes" from the Dem
ocratlc side. The Gardner substitute.
autnorizing the President to use the
armed forces of the country, but with
holding approval of the President's
course In the Tampico incident, was
Representative Mondell. of Wyo
ming, Republican, in the debate on
tho resolution, arraigned the Presi
dent s policy and denounced the con
stitutionaltsts as "murderous, robbing
brigands. He asserted the Admlnis
tration had accepted "miserable and
humiliating replies fiom Villa and
Carranza to its demands. "During all
this time. he said, "the Huerta ad
ministration has been preserving order.
her conduct toward this Government
has been perfect."
Representative Heflin, Democrat, of
Alabama, said Congress should let
Huerta know "we have one country,
one flag, one heart and every man
ready to defend that flag.
Incidents Viewed aa Trivial.
Representative Gillette, of Massa
ehusetts. Republican, said the incidents
cited by President Wilson were trivial.
"This is war," he said, "with all its
horrors and responsibilities. History
will censure and condemn those men
who today on this miserable pretext
vote for war.
TWO PORTS WILL BE SEIZED
1 Continued From First lgg.)
The debate in the House brought out
the fact that while the American Navy
probably would block Mexico off from
commerce with the United States, It
would not interfere with the passage
of foreign vessels, although cargoes
discharged on the shore might be held
at custom-houses if they were occu
pled by American forces.
Resolution Set Forth.
The joint resolution adopted by the
House and which was before the Sen
ate at a late hour tonight read as
"A joint resolution Justifying the
employment of the armed forces of the
United States in enforcing certain de
mands against Victoriano Huerta: Re
solved. By the Senate and House of
Representatives, in Congress assembled
that the President of the United States
is Justified in the employment of l.ie
armed forces of the United States to
enforce the demands upon Victoriano
Huerta for unequivocal amends to the
Government of the United Statu3 for
affronts and indignities committed
against this Government by General
Huerta and his representatives."
During the evening there were in
formal conferences of Democrats and
Republicans and opposition to the
phraseology of the resolution was ap
parent. Many Senators, among t!iem a
tew Democrats, objected to singling
out General Huerta as an individual
and wanted to amend the resolution
to direct it against the de facto govern
ment in Mexico City. Others wanted to
make the resolution broad enough to
cover Mexico generally.
Forces Are Rallied.
Administration leaders were begin
ning to rally their forces early In an
ticipation of Republican opposition.
Administration Senators held that the
passage of the resolution was a step
which would enable to President actu
ally to prevent war by forcing Hutrra
to respect Americans and their inter
The President had made it cleat to
Congress in his message that the exec
utive really had authority to act. but
that he preferred the approval of Con
gress before making any important
Members of the House went to bed
By . .T. VrVyfvW
HOW SHE GOT RID OF A TER-
Mrs. Rosa Ncnqester,
"About two years airo I contracted a
terrible cold that settled on my lungs
and left me -with a bronchial cough.
Upon the advice of a druggist I tried
Chamberlain's Congh Remedy. The re
lief from the nrst dose was very great.-
and by using two bottles of it I was
enred and am very pleased to recommend
it to others," writes Mrs. Rosa Nonges.
ser, vnuersvuie, yjmo.
instead of waiting for the Senate to
reconvene. Crowds thronged the Senate
galleries and corridors.
At executive quarters there wa; a
let-up in the late hours. Clerks were
on duty for emergencies, but no movi
ments were announced. A high offi
cial who was in conference with the
President pointed significantly to the
fact that no orders had been Issued to
the Army and remarked that the con
stitutionalists need not be alarmed
over the situation, for the present
action was aimed entirely against
It was said that one of the reasons
the White House was insistent on in
dividualizing Huerta in the resolution
was to prevent the constitutionalists
from misinterpreting present move
ments as threatening hostilities against
them or the Mexican people generally.
Huerta'a Statement Denied.
With the announcement earlier that
the battleships Virginian, Nebraska and
Georgia of the third division had been
ordered from Boston to Tampico. it was
believed the final orders had been given
for the movement of ships on the
Atlantic side of the continent.
The receipt late tonight of the state
ment dictated by General Huerta to
the Associated Press saying there was
no American flag In the Dolphin's
whaleboat brought out informal com
ment from Navy department officials.
who asserted that Rear-Admiral Mayo
had reported tne boat as flying the
colors of the United States at both bow
and stern. -
Tumulty In Conference.
Just before midnight Secretary Tu
multy left the White House for the
hotel where Vice-President Marshall
lives. Postmaster-General Burleson
and Secretary Garrison were there and
all went to the Capitol.
By adjourning until 12:10 o'clock the
Senate had ended the calendar day of
Monday, and under the Senate rules
a single objection to a report from
a committee or to a motion to dis
charge a committee Is sufficient to put
the matter over one day.
When the Senate convened at 12:10
o'clock for the regular Tuesday ses
sion, the calendar was passed over
quickly, and Senator Shively presented
the new resolution as a substitute for
the measure passed by the House.
Senator Llppitt, of Rhode Island, im
mediately objected. Senator Lodge
urged that the objection be withdrawn
and the Rhode Island Senator finally
consented, reserving the right to object
The resolution was read while Sen
ate leaders conferred over an agree
ment for a recess.
SALEM CAN SEND TROOP
MILITIA CAPTAIV BESIEGED
MEN READY TO EXLIST.
Company M, Third Regiment, Has SS
Members and Officer Recruiting to
Get It on War Footing.
SALEM. Or., April 20. (Special.)
That Marion County and Salem will
supply their share of soldiers in case
of war with Mexico was Indicated to
day, when more than 100 men notified
Max Gehlhar, captain of Company M,
Third Regiment. Oregon National
Guard, that they were ready to enlist.
The majority of them said, however,
that they would not enlist unless It
was assured that the company would
be sent to the front.
Captain Gehlhar begin recruiting
men tonight to bring the strength
scales of Jusiice j
f Jyidf " U8ne? some of the money you are
paying as taxes to employ expert
STTI chemists to investigate the Nation's
down an opinion that
California Home Brand
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of the company to the war number.
Several ex-members re-cnllsted, and
the Armory will be kept open the re
mainder of the week. The member
ship now is 58. but Captain Gehlhar
says it should be at least 110.
"The patriotism of the city and coun
ty was fully proved." said the Captain.
"I have been besieged by men all day
desiring to join Company M. but the
majority of them said they did not care
to enlist unless we had positive assur
ance of being' sent to the front. I
shall recruit the company to its full
fighting strength, however, to be in
readiness for a call to service. Almost
enough ex-members have applied, with
the stipulation that they must experi
ence service, to complete the quota. So
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PHONES Marshall 4500 and A 6121
are getting a better run for your
money than you did in yester-years.
are quite pleased, because on Feb
ruary 26, 1914, Judge R. S. Bean,
U. S. District Court. Oresron. handed
it would be an easy matter to send a
trained company from this county."
23-MINUTE QUAKE FELT
Marqucllc Sciinogrrupli Indicates
J-hot-k in Mexico.
MILWAUKEE. April 20 The seismo
graph at Marquette University reeis
tered today an earth shock at 7:45 last
ing about 23 minutes.
Father S. Hagerty believes it was
more than 1800 miles nwny. In a south
westerly direction, possibly near Gua
cleaned with hot water and
" sa Tkl
-n 7 - - - -