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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1914)
THE MORNING OTtEGOXIATf, TUESDAY, APRIL 21, 1914.
HELP OF CONGRESS
ASKED BY WILSON
Sanction of Proposed Course,
Not "Needed," Is Wanted
INCIDENT NOT "TRIVIAL'
Cliiet Kxectitive of Nation In Ad
dress Cites Series of Affronts by
Huerta and Says War Is
Aot Intent of Plan Afoot.
"WASHINGTON", April 20 President
Wilson laid the Mexican situation be
fore Congress in these words:
'It is my duty to call your attention
to a situation which haa arisen in our
dealings with General , Victoriano
Iluerta at Mexico City, which calls for
action, and to ask your advice and co
operation in acting on It. On the 9th
of April a paymaster of the U. S. S.
Xolphin landed at Iturblde bridge land
ing at Tampico with a whaleboat and
crew to take off certain supplies need
ed by his ship, and while engaged in
loading the boat was arrested by an
officer and squad of men of the army
of General Huerta. Neither the pay
master nor any one of the boat's crew
was armed. Two of the men were in
the boat when the arrest took plac.
and were obliged to leave it and sub
mit to be taken into custody, notwith
standing the fact that the boat carried
both at her bow and at her stern the
flag of the United States. The officer
who made the arrest was proceeding
up one of the streets of the town with
his prisoners, when met by an officer
of higher authority, who ordered him
to return to the landing and await or
ders, and within an hour and a half
from the time of the arrest orders
were received from the commander of
the Huertlsta forces at Tampico for
the release of the paymaster and his
Americana Not Advised.
"The release was followed by apologies
from the commander and later by an
expression of regret by General Huerta
himself. General Huerta urged that
martial law obtained at the time at
Tampico, that orders had been issued
that no one should be allowed to land
at the Iturbide bridge and that our
sailors had no right to land there. Our
Naval commanders at the port had not
been notified of any such prohibition,
and, even if they had been, th only
justifiable course open to the local
authorities would have been to request
the paymaster and his crew to with
draw and to lodge a protest with the
commanding officer of the fleet.
"Admiral Mayo regarded the arrest as
so serious an affront that he was not
satisfied with the apologies offered,
but demanded that the flag of the
United States be saluted with special
ceremony by the military commander
of the port.
"The incident cannot be regarded as
a trivial one, especially as two of the
men arrested were taken from the boat
itself that is to say, from the territory
of the United States; but, had it stood
by itself, it might have been attrib
uted to the ignorance or arrogance of
a single officer. Unfortunately, it was
not an isolated case.
Other Event Affronts, Also.
"A series of incidents has recently
occurred which cannot but create the
impression that the representatives of
General Huerta were willing to go out
of their way to show disregard for the
dignity and rights of this Government
and felt perfectly safe in doing what
they pleased, making ..ee to show in
many ways their irritation and con
tempt. A few days after the Incident
at Tampico an orderly from the United
States steamship Minnesota was ar
rested at Vera Cruz, while ashore In
uniform to obtain the ship's mall and
was for a time thrown Into Jail. An
official dispatch from this Government
to its Embassy at Mexico City was
withheld by the authorities of the tel
egraph service until peremptorily de
manded by our Charge d'Affaires in
person. So far as I can learn, such
wrongs and annoyances have been suf
fered only to occur against represen
tatives of the United States. 1 have
heard of no complaints from other
governments of similar treatment.
Subsequent explanations and formal
apologies did not and could not alter
the popular Impression, which it Is
possible it had been the object of the
Huertlsta authorities to create, that
the Government of tne United States
was being singled out and might be
singled out with impunity for slights
and affronts in retaliation for Its re
fusal to recognize the pretenses of
General Huerta to be regarded as "the
constitutional provisional President of
"The manifest danger of such a situ
ation was that such offences might
prow from bad to worse until some
thing happened of so gross and in
tolerable a sort as to lead directly and
inevitably to armed conflict. It was
necessary that the apologies of Gen
eral Huerta and. his representatives
should go much further, that they
should bo such as to attract the at
tention of the whole population to
their significance and. such as to Im
press on General Huerta himself the
necessity of seeing to it that no furth
er occasion for explanations and pro
fessed regrets should arise. I, there
fore, felt it my duty to sustain Ad
miral Mays in the whole of his de
mand and to Insist that the flag of
the United btates should be saluted in
such u. way as to indicate a new
spirit and attitude on the part of the
"Such a salute General Huerta has
refused, and I have come to ask your
approval and support in the course I
now purpose to pursue.
To Avert War Is Hope.
i Ms government can, I earnestly
nope, in no circumstances, be forced
into war with the people of Mexico.
Mexico is torn by civil strife. If we
are to accept the tests of its own con
stitution, it has no Government. Gen
eral Huerta has set his power ud In
the City of Mexico, such as it is, with
out right and by methods for which
there can be no Justification. Only
pun or me country is under his con
trol. If armed, conflict should un
happily come as a result of his atti
tude of personal resentment towards
in is Government, we should be fight
in--? only General Huerta and those
wiio adhere to rum and give him their
support, and our object would be only
to restore to the people of the dis
tracted republic, the opportunity to set
up again their own laws and their
But I earnestly hope that war is
not now In question. I believe that 1
speak for the Amer.can people when 1
say mat we do not desire to control In
any degree the affairs of our sister re
public. Our feeling for the people of
Mexico is one of deep ana genuine
i icn-uonijj. ana every tiling that we
nave so rar done --r refrained from
lias proceeded fron; . .r desire to help
them, not to hinder embarrass them.
Wo would not wish even to exercise
the good otliccs of friendship without
ineir welcome ana consent. The Deo-
.ple of Mexico are entitled- to settle
their own domestic affairs In their
own way and we sincerely desire to
respect their right.
"No doubt I could do what Is neces
sary In the circumstances to enforce
respect for our Government without
recourse to the Congress, and yet not
exceed my' constitutional powers as
President; but I do not wish to act In
a matter possibly of so grave conse
quence except In close conference and
co-operation with both the Senate and
House. I, therefore, come to ask your
approval that I should use the armed
forces of the United States in such
ways and to such an extent as may be
necessary to obtain from General
Huerta and his adherents the fullest
recognition of the rights and dignity
of the United States, even amidst the
distressing conditions now unhappily
obtaining In Mexico.
"There can. in what we do, be no
t. ought of aggression or of Belflsh
aggrandizement." We seek to maintain
the dignity and authority of the United
States only because we wish always to
keep our great influence unimpaired
for the uses of liberty, both In the
United States and wherever It may be
employed for the benefit of mankind."
WAR NOT NEAR-WILSON
PRESIDENT TELLS REPORTERS
THAT IS NOT INTENT.
Demand for Justice and Dlgrnlty Need
Not Eventuate Into Conflict Is
Executive's Word to Papers.
WASHINGTON, April 20. President
Wilson today told the newspaper cor
respondents that there would be no
war .with Mexico..
The President said:
"I want to say to you gentlemen, do
not get the Impression that there is
about to be war between the United
States and Mexico. That is not the
outlook at present, at all. In the first
placein no conceivable circumstances
will we fight the people of Mexico. We
are their friends and we want to help
In every way that we can to recover
their rights and their government and
their laws, and the present 1 am
going to Congress to present a special
situation and seek their approval to
meet that special situation.
"It is only an issue between ' this
Government and a person calling him
self the Provisional President of Mex
ico, whose right to call himself such
we have never recognized In any way.
"So that I had a feeling of uneasi
ness as I read the papers this morning.
as if the country were getting on fire
with war enthusiasm. I have no en
thusiasm for war; I have an enthusi
asm for justice and for the dignity of
the United States, but not for war.
And this need not eventuate Into war
if we handle It with firmness and
The President emphasized that he
had not lost his patience with Mexico,
for to lose patience seemed to him an
act of weakness on the part of a per
son strong enough to do as he ought;
but that he felt such In-idents as re
cent ones might go from bad t worse
and eventually bring about a state of
KITS ARE LOOKED OVER
GARRISON AT FORT STEVENS CAN
LEAVE ON HOUR'S NOTICE.
Scores of Telegrams Received From
Discharged Soldiers Askine to Be
Restored to Commissions.
FORT STEVENS. Or., April 20. (Spe
cial.) -Since 11 o'clock this morning
Fort Stevens has been the scene of ac
tive preparations for a possible order
to leave at once for the Mexican fron
tier. A portion of the troops have
been inspected personally by Colonel
Ludlow, the commanding officer, and
the remainder are to go through a sim
ilar Inspection of war equipment to
morrow. Particular attention was de
voted to field" equipment, including
tentage, blanket rolls and mess kits.
It is announced authoritatively that
within one hour after the order to
leave arrives the 400 regulars manning
the coast defenses at" the mouth of the
river can be ready to depart. The gen
eral opinion seems to prevail that they
will be among the first 'to be ordered
to the front in an effort to conduct
a whirlwind campaign. As the Mex
icans have no fleet and cannot con
duct an aggressive action the coast
defenses would be utilized as Infantry
and field artillery.
In both of these branches they are
instructed thoroughly, the usual drills
having been increased lately so as to
include training in the handling of
field artillery guns, siege artillery and
Special groups of the better qualified
men have been receiving instructions
in signaling, which includes the helio
graph and wireless apparatus.
Regular drills are Including field
exercises, intrenching and instructions
In first aid to the wounded.
Over 2.000,000 rounds of small arms
ammunition, a score of field pieces
and about 10 machine guns will' be
part of the war material .available for
instantaneous use. ,
Scores of telegrams have been re
ceived from discharged soldiers re
questing to be re-enlisted in the com
mands from which they have been
War Excitement Is All on Out
side and Recruiting Shows
GUARD READY, SAYS MAJOR
Atmosphere in Adjutant-General
FInzer's Ofrice One of "Watchful
Waiting" and General Goes to
Seek Encampment Site.
The war dogs in the office of Adjutant-General
Finzer. commander of
the Oregon National Guard, did not
strain at their leashes in the least yes
terday. Routine buzzed serenely about
the rooms as though there were noth
ing to the hundreds of screaming news
boys that were momentarily Invading
Mexico and beginning the bombard
ment of Tampico In the street below.
The atmosphere of the place was de
cidedly one of watchful 'waiting.
"The busiest thing about this office
Is the telephone," remarked Major
Knapp. "If people would quit calling up
every minute to ask when the Oregon
National Guard Is to march on Mexico,
we could get a whole lot more work
"There is not an order from Wash
ington. ' The principal news of the war
that we are getting is from the news
papers, and there is no need for the
Oregon National Guard to resort to any
feverish activity right now.
Whole Guard Ready.
"We are ready for anything that may
come up. The whole guard is Teady
and has been ready for months. So in
this office we have simply nothing to
do but go along with our routine work
and when any order comes from Wash
ington, we will simply carry it out."
In the meantime, Adjutant-General
Finzer was so little worried by the sit
uation that he was not in the office.
He had gone away ealry In the morn
ing to Gearhart, to select a site for
the July encampment. With him went
Adjutant-General Patch, of the Idaho
National Guard, who contemplates Join
ing the Oregon Guard in the Summer
camp; Colonel Martin. Major Clayton,
from the Vancouver " Barracks, and
Captain McLaughlin, of the United
States Army, Instructor of the Oregon
Confident that the guard can be mob
ilized within " few hours and in readi
ness for anything that may come up,
the officers are expressing no excite
ment. Recruiting; Is Active.
The excitement is mostly on the, out
side, and it appears that there is likely
to be a rush from the outside to get in
side and be ready for the war If it
comes. Chief Surgeon L. J. Wolf, of
the Oregon Naval Militia, received
nearly a score of applications from
men who wish to enlist in the naval re
serve for service if the United States
goes to war with Mexico.
Recruiting in the National Guard
shows increasing activity as well. The
recruiting office in the Armory was
open from 8:30 to 10:30 o'clock last
night and all officers of the medical
corps were on duty to examine the ap
plicants. Company F. United States Engineer
Corps, consisting of 108 men, passed
through Portland en route from Van
couver for Gilroy, Cal. Captain R. C
Moore was in command. Orders to go
to Gilroy were received, according to
Captain Moore, two weeks ago, and the
troops happened to start today. The
company belongs to a battalion that is
scattered along the border between
the United States and Mexico and which
is being mobilized.
OREGON ORDER IS EXPECTED
Coast Artillery Corps Instructor
Thinks Troops Will Bo Called.
EUGENE, Or, April 20. (Special.)
Captain, R. W. Collins, United States
Army officer detailed to instruct the
Oregon Coast Artillery Corps, declares
that if the American fleet attempts
to seize Tampico or Vera Cruz, the
eight companies of Coast Artillery in
Oregon undoubtedly will be sent to
Mexico. He expects a call at any mo
ment and says that his companies can
be mobilized in Clackamas in 40 hours.
"It is inevitable that the artillery
companies in Oregon will go if any
move is made in Mexico. I believe
that if any attempt Is made to occupy
any Mexican port, the United States
troops will be attacked, and that ac
tive operations will be opened. It is
my belief that It in -a deliberate plan
on the part of Huerta to 'save his
face' In the approach of the constitu
"The Oregon Coast Artillery Corps
can be ready to start within 40 hours."
STRENGTH OF FORCES ORDERED TO MEXICO
. The following shows the total strength of the United States ves
sels now ordered against Mexico, including yesterday"s additions:
AT VERA CRt'Z.
Two battleships, 1820 men, 120 marines. - Prairie, 260 men. 500
Two battleships, 1820 men, 13.0 marines. Des Moines. 240 men:
Chester, 300 men, 200 marines; Dolphin. 1810 men; San Francisco, 400
men: Solace, hospital ship; Hancock, transport, 950 marines.
Total at Tampico and Vera Cruz, C020 men, 1890 marines.
WITH REAR-ADMIRAL BADGER, EN ROUTE TO TAMPICO.
Eight battleships. 7280 men, 500 marines. Tacoma, 240 men; Nash
ville. 180 men. Total with Rear-Admiral Badger. 7700 men, 600 ma
rines. EN ROUTE FROM PENS A COL A TO TAMPICO.
Birmingham, 300 men; Dixie, repair ship; fourteen destroyers, 1150
The summary of the total forces in the Gulf of Mexico follows:
Sailors, 14,170; . marines, 2900; officers, 700; total, 17,860.
PACIFIC COAST FORCES, MEXICAN COAST.
Raleigh, 350 men; New Orleans. 350 men; Annapolis, 150 men;
Torktown, 180 men; Glacier, supply ship; California, 900 men and 60
marines. Total, 1930.
EN ROUTE TO MEXICAN COAST.
South Dakota and Jupiter, 860 marines; Cleveland. 350 men: Chat
tanooga. 350 men; Maryland. 900 men and 60 marines. Total, 1600
men and 920 marines. Total on West Coast and en route, 3530 men.
Torpedo flotilla at San Diego, Cal.: Five destroyers, 250 men, 15 of
Grand total, 17,950 sailors, 3970 marines and 855 officers.
HUERTA FORCES ESTIMATED AT 40,000.
WASHINGTON, April 20. Estimates at the War Department today
put the armed forces of the Huerta government in Mexico at about
40.000, well scattered throughout the country.
According to the Department's figures, there are 6000 troops in Mex
ico City: about 6000 around Saltillo. South of Torreon; 2500 In the
State of Sonora; 2000 in Sinaloa; 800 In Teplc; 6000 In Jalisco: 1100 in
Collma; 4500 In Zacatecas; 1250 In Guerrero and scattering bands In
the other southern provinces.
On the East Coast there are said to be about 1500 in Nuevo Lare
do, about 2500 In San Luis Potosi, 4100 in Vera Cruz, about 1000 In
Puebla and 800 in Morelos.
Merchandise of J Merit Only
Madame Du Barry
will be the subject of
French Lecture Today
Mezzanine Floor. I I to 1 2 A. M
An Exceptional Trimmed Hat Sale $2.95
100 Flower, Wing and Ribbon Trimmed Models
Regular $5.00 to $7.50
Of course we have seen costlier hats, but at this'particular price the collection is so excep
tional that we take pleasure in presenting them to our patrons. -
There are just 100 hats,V07 ONE OF THEM SHOWN BEORE THIS SEASON,spkk,
span, new; in widely varied styles' in most becoming shapes.
Flat hats with ribbons and posies nestling under the brim.
New sailors trimmed with jaunty wings and with wreaths, and with ribbon.
Hats for very youthful faces in many distinctive models.
Hats for matrons and older women.
In black and in colors.
The Watteau and the Bandeau shapes, trimmed in styles that reflect the latest millinery modes,
fflXl- - T
The New Balmaccan Coats Are Here
That So Many of Our Patrons Are Awaiting
ARegular $22.50 Model, Special $16.50
This purchase of fine overcoats comes just at the? right time for
Spring and Summer wear.
They are made of English tweeds in the loose swinging English
Balmaccan style. Can be had in gray or brown mixtures.
They are smartly cut, with raglan sleeves, 48 inches long and
deep side pockets.
These are the coats that will be worn so extensively this sea
son for general use, for the mountains, steamer wear and for
Many of our patrons have been requesting a coat of this style at
a popular price, and we were fortunate in securing this special
assortment to retail at $1 6.50, and if bought and sold in the regu
lar Way WOuld COSt $22.50. Third Floor.
The New Corsets
For Spring Modes
-All the most popular makes, together
with such corsets as are exclusive with us,
showing all the variations in fabric and
figure. Hip confiners and boneless, low
bust models, in suede, tricot, fancy broche,
batiste, coutil, rubber and combination ma
terials. Modart front lace corsets, $2.50
La Vida corsets, $3.50 to $20.
Smart Set corsets, $4 to $12.50.
-Bien Jolie tricot corsets, $3.50
to $15.00. ,
C. B. corsets, $1.00 to $5.50.
W. B. Nuform, $1.00 to $5.00.
Nadia Corsets, 95c to $3.50.
Nemo corsets, $2.00 to $10.00.
Etoile de France corsets, $5.00
This store is the only store in Portland
employing five expert corset fitters. And
this splendid service is free to you.
ECONOMY BASEMENT STORE
Selling Merchandise Only When Sold for LESS Than Staple Prices
. It Carries No Regular StocRs
The Only Essentials Dependability in Quality and Special in Price
Imported Swiss Collars
OF LACE AND BATISTE
Selling Regularly from 65c, 75c to $1
Economy Price 39c
These collars are most remarkable for
"the price; they are fashioned for coats,
dresses and waists. In new and becoming
shapes of fine French batiste and St. Gaul
Venise lace, in various designs.
Dainty Millinery Wreaths
Selling Regularly to $1.25
Economy Price 69c
Millinery wreaths are now in greatest
demand for trimming early Summer hats.
In this assortment you will find the most
desirable blossoms and buds in a great
variety of colorings. These are shown for
the first time Tuesday in our economy
A. -v' 1 1 -
95c Cretonne Covered Pillows
FILLED WITH SILK FLOSS
Economy Price 63c
500 24 by 24-inch cretonne-covered pil
lows in an immense assortment of beautiful
designs and colorings in novelty cretonnes.
Suitable for porches, canoes, Summer homes
Princess Slips, Combinations,
Skirts, Chemise and !
Selling Regularly to $1.50
Economy Price 69c
Extra fine quality stamped underwear,
ready for working, in an assortment of de
signs. These garments are very attract
ively trimmed with Valenciennes lace, and
are an exceptional bargain at this price.
25c and 35c Women's
Of fine cotton in medium weight soft,
fine and durable, with garter top ; fast
black, white or tan.
25c Children's Stockings' 18c
Silk plated stockings, fine ribbed, in
pure white, pink, sky, cardinal or pretty
tan. Sizes 4 to 6.
18c Women's Vests
Special 12 l-2c.
Vests of white cotton, swiss ribbed, low'
neck, short or no sleeves, full and long,
nicely trimmed and finished.
$1.00 Novelty Vanity Cases
OF GERMAN SILVER.
Economy Price 48c
These vanity cases are made of Ger
man silver in stripe . silver and Tula or
Spanish finish. They are fitted with mir
ror, two coin holders and a receptacle for
powder puff, carried by link chain to
5c Revol Snap Fasteners 7c
Made by the Koh-I-N-oor Co.
Economy Price lc Doz.
5000 gross are placed on sale again for our
economy store patrons. These fasteners come
in white and black in all sizes.
New Wash Bonnets and Hats
Always Sold at 75c
Economy Price 59c
Attractive little sun hats of pink and white
or blue and white check ginghams, or plain
white. Made with drooping brims with scal
loped edges and tarn crowns. The sunbon
nets are of blue or pink chambray or blue and
pink check ginghams, buttons on the covers,
turn-back brims and scalloped edge and long
Linen Pound Paper
Economy Sale, 15c Box
We will place on sale Tuesday" about
1 000 pounds of fine white linen paper, 1 00
sheets to the box, regular full size. Envelopes
to match the paper, 8c a, package.
25c Box Paper 15c
Fine linen or vellum finished paper, 24
sheets and 24 envelopes in the box. In vari
ous cuts and styles, representing broken lines
and samples selling regularly as high as 35c
the box. ,
40c Shears, Special 15c
500 pairs in the lot just the shear for around
the garden use, sizes to 8 inches, nickel or Japan
25c Silk Plaited Colored Socks
In the Latest Summer Shades
Economy Price 17c
Men's Summer hose, made from fine
quality silk plated thread. Reinforced in
heels and toes and made with double soles.
This hose is equal to the best 35c and
25c grades and has the finish of the still
higher grades. In navy blue, tan, grays,
heliotrope, purple, cadet, green and wine.
In sizes from 9J2 to 1 1 J2-
85c Housedress Apron
Economy Price 59c
An entirely new style housedress apron oF
best-quality percale looks just exactly like a
housedress. with side-button front, round neck,
kimono sleeves, belted in the back and pockets.
Fancy figured patterns, dots and stripes in light
and dark colors.
12c Dutch Dust Caps 7c
An assortment of these caps to match the
above housedress aprons.
35c Fitted Work Aprons
CINCH AM. PERCALE. CHAMBRAY
Economy Price 15c
We direct attention that these fitted work
aprons are full size, well made, full length, of
good quality gingham, chambray and percale in
plain colors, as well as light and dark patterns
in checks, polka dots and nurse's stripes.
Trimmed with bias bandings, fitted bib fast
ening in the back, all with pockets.
50c Boudoir Caps 38c
An assortment of dainty caps made of plain
and fancy secco silk plain China silk, com
bined with insertions of net and lace, plaited
net frill around the face and finished with
200 Dozen Cape Gloves
$1.25 FIRST QUALITY
Economy Price 75c
These gloves were sent us by one of the
largest American glove makers especially for
the economy basement store. They are first
quality cape gloves, one-clasp style. P. X. M.
sewn. They come in tan shades and are one
of the most satisfactory gloves made for gen
We limit the quantity to two pairs to each
40c Silk Dress Shields 15c
Fine white silk dress shields in regular
and crescent cut styles, sizes 2, 3 and 4,
35c Dress Shields 10c
These shields come in sizes 3 and 4,
and are regular cut shields, and every
shield is perfect and guaranteed.
50c Gaiment Shields 25c
A perfect fitting garment shield, de
tachable style for dress or corset. Sizes
3. 4 and 5.
500 Dozen Lunch Napkins
Economy Price 29c Doz.
These napkins come in several designs and
are guaranteed to wash and wear well. They
are hemmed ready for use and are offered less
than wholesale cost. Size 1 3 by 13 inches.