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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 21, 1914)
VOL. LTV. NO. 16,GG2.
PORTLAND. OREGON. TUESDAY, APRIL 21, 1914.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
OP OY SENATE
House Adopts Resolution
Indorsing President by
Vote of 337 to 37.
SOLONS CHANGE WORDING
Wilson and Cabinet Complete
Plans for Taking Tampico
and Vera Cruz.
FOREIGN NATIONS ADYISED
Further Orders to Army and
Navy Wait on Congress.
BLOCKADE PLANS MADE
t-oreisn Ships Will Be Allowed to
Come and Go but Discharged
Cargoes May Be Held at
WASHINGTON, April 21 Action by
the Army and Navy of the United States
to forace Huerta to salute the Hag was
held up early today through opposition
in the Senate to the form of the joint
resolution approving President Wil
son's purposes, as it passed the House
last night. A recess of the Senate was
taken at 12:28 A- M. until noon today.
The President, while saying In his
message to Congress that he had full
Constitutional authority to act, is wait
ing for Congress to express its approval
before ordering Tampico and Vera Cruz
to be seized and other steps taken look
ing to reparation for the arrest of
American bluejackets at Tampico.
Midnight Session In Held.
In a spectacular midnight session
the Senate discussed the House resolu
tion briefly. Senators objected to in
dividualizing Huerta and a substitute
resolution was agreed upon by the for
eign relations committee giving the
President broad authority to deal with
indignities offered the United States
In Mexico "in view of the situation as
presented by the President in his nres
Eag.'1 President Wilson had retired early,
but Secretary Tumulty, Secretary Gar
rison, Postmaster-General Burleson
and Vice-President Marshall. Acting
Chairman Shively and other Adminis
tration leaders conferred on the sub
Suhadtnte Is Presented.
Senator Lodge presented a substi
tute for the preamble of the resolution
reported by the committee, which he
will seek to have adopted tomorrow.
It set forth: ,
"That the state of unrest, violence
and anarchy which exists in Mexico,
the numerous unchecked and unpun
ished murders of American citizens and
the spoliation of their property 'in
that country; the impossibility of se
curing protection or redress by diplo
matic methods in the absence of lawful
or effective authority; the inability of
Mexico to discharge its International
obligations, the unprovoked in
suits and indignities inflicted upon
the flag and the uniform of the Untied
fetates by the armed forces in occupa
tion of large parts of Mexican terri
tory have become intolerable.
"That the self respect and dignity of
the United States and the duty to pro
tect its citizens and its international
rights require that such a course be
followed in Mexico by our Goverment
as to compel respect and " observance
of its rights."
Detailed plans for landing of ma
rines at these two important coast
towns were completed at a conference
at the White House between Presi
dent Wilson, Secretaries Bryan. Gar
rison and Daniels, Major-General Wood
and . Rear-Admirals Fiske and Blue,
and John Lind.
The resolution upholding the Presi-
dent in his course was adopted by the
House tonight by a vote of 337 to 37,
after a spirited debate. For several
hours It was considered, by the Senate
foreign relations committee with pros
pect of an all-night session of the Sen
ate or a recess until early tomorrow.
The House adjourned until JO o'clock
tomorrow and President Wilson, worn
out by the day's work, retired after
hearing that the House had adopted
Foreign IVatlona AvUed.
Tersons in touch with the President
said the steps which would be tak-in
by the United States "short of war"
were of a nature which would not re
quire formal notification to the powers
In the same sense as a declaration
of blockade or other preliminaries to
war. Foreign governments, however,
will be kept Informed of developments.
TO PROTECT 30,000
IMPERIAL VALLEY TAKES WAR
To Guard Against Possible Dynamit
ing of Ham That Supplies Water
70 0 3Icn Organized.
LOS ANGELES, April 20. (Special.)
Fearing that as a war measure Mex
ican soldiers will dynamite the dam 20
miles from Mexican that supplies
water for Imperial Valley, citizens of
Brawley today organized an army of
700 mounted men to patrol the border
and guard the canal.
One stick of dynamite exploded un
der the dam would cut-off the water
supply from the entire valley.
This would mean 30,000 people des
titute of water. It would also entire
ly destroy the cantaloupe crop, which
approximates several million dollars
and which will be ready for harvesting
in three weeks.
The water in the valley is distributes
through several canals.' but it all orig
inates in the dam on the Mexican side
of the border.
Imperial Valley citizens are in a
state of extreme alarm over the situa
tion, which was precipitated .Saturday
morning by the news that 600 Federal
Mexican soldiers had rusbed into Mexl.
call. It is unknown from where they
came, but Brawley men believe they
were driven there by rebels ambushed
in the surrounding country. This
means even greater danger to the dam.
FLEET NEARING TAMPICO
Crews of Battleship Practice - With
ON BOARD THE U. S. S. ARKANSAS
AT SEA, BY WIRHLESS VIA KEY
WEST. April 20. With the, port of
Tampico not far off and the knowl
edge that President Huerta has refused
to accede to the demand of the United
States Government. Rear Admiral
Charles J. Badger. Commander-in-Chief
of the Atlantic fleet, and the members
of his staff were busy today preparing
a tentative plan of campaign. . They
gave special attention to the details
of a possible landing.
The crews of the battleships prac
ticed with small arms and at sighting
the big guns.
Aided by the favorable current and
with a. smooth sea, the officers of the
warships expect to be within easy dis
tance of Tampico early Wednesday. '
FOUR TOWNS ARE MENACE
Governor. 'Colquitt Tells How. In
vasion Should Be Made, if at All.
- WASHINGTON, April 20 Governor
Colquitt of Texas, sent today to Rep
resentative Garner, who immediately
submitted to the President, a telegram
declaring that if It i3 the purpose of
the President to do other than blockade
the ports, it was imperative that there
be an immediate invasion of Mexico so
as to take possession of Matmamoras,
New Laredo and C. P. Diaz and Juarez.
Governor Colquitt explained that
there are now on the Mexican border
25,000 to 30,000 Mexicans, who threat
ened to become a menace to the United
States, and that the taking of these
towns would afford the only protection
from them. .
AIRSHIPS ORDERED RUSHED
Government Asks Ohio Construction
rirm to Hurry Graft.
DAYTON, Or., April 20. The Gov
ernment today sent instructions to. a
local aeroplane company to hurry con
struction work on an aeroplane and a
hydro-aerftplane which are being built
here for Government use.
Orville Wright said that in his
opinion the aeroplane would serve a
most useful purpose In the event of
land fighting and the ' Government
aeroplane fleet would be found a most
necessary part of the. military equip
ment. FRIENDS H0PE FOR PEACE
Orthodox Church Prays That Coun
try 'Hips Not Its Hands in Blood.'
PHILADELPHIA, April 20. The
Philadelphia yearly meeting of Ortho
dox Friends in annual session here sent
the following to President Wilson to
day: "We earnestly pray that God may
strengthen and support thy heart in
the peaceable settlement of the Mexi
can trouble. We hope that a way will
be found to prevent this Nation from
dipping its hands into the blood of our
UNITED MEXICO FORESEEN
Move Against Huerta Is Move on
Whole Country, Says Consul.
DOUGLAS. Ariz.. April 20. "Any
move against General Huerta is against
the Mexican people as a whole, and can
bo construed . as nothing else." said
Generio Ramonet. Huerta consul here.
"Huerta is a component part of the
Mexican people, particularly that class
which represents the culture and learn
ing." Ramonet declared his belief that
the Mexican people as a whole would
abandon their differences and unite.
Gunboat Takes On Provisions.
KEY WEST, Fla., April v 20. The
gunboat Isle Dc Luzon and tender
Yankton arrived here today for coal
and provisions. They will proceed tt
National Capital Feels
PLANS MADE TO TAKE PORTS
While Congress Deliberates
Army and Navy Busy.
PRECEDENT IS CALLED UP
Incident in 1854 in Nicaragua Cn
der President Pierce to Ho Basis
for Present Action Bureau
Clerks Work 2 4 Honrs.
X REPRESENTATIVES WHO VOl
AUALXST UPHOLDING THE
I WASHINGTON', April 20. Those
J who voted against the resolution In
I the House were:
Democrats George, Kindel, Sisson,
Stephens (Miss.) and Wltherspoon B.
Republicans Alney. Anderson. An
thony, Bartholdt. Britten. Butler,
Campbell.' Davis, Fordney, French,
Gardner. Glllett, Good. Hayes. Howell.
Johnson (Utah). Johnson (Wash.).
Kahn. Langham. LaFollette. Mad
den. Mann. Mondell. Piatt. Bells.
Steenerson, Stevens of Minnesota.
Volstead. Woods 20.
Progressives Bell. Cal.. Temple 2.
Independents Kent 1.
WASHINGTON, April 20. In an at
mosphere of suppressed excitement re
flecting -grave tension and patriotic
fervor. President ' Wilson asked Con
gress in person today for approval of
his purpose to use the Army and 'Navy
to force General Huerta. to apologize
for indignities offered .to the American
It was the first time since the war
with Spain that the President had
placed so grave an international crisis
before the National Legislature. Mr.
Wilson spoke in sotemn tones. When
he entered the House chamber the
cheers and applause that greeted him
were wildly enthustastic-j-an outburst
of the tension that has prevailed In
ine National capital for the" last 24
Opposition "Is Preaased.
As he read his message the applause
came largely from the Democratic side,
many Republicans remaining conspic
uously silent. It presaged an opposi
tion to the President's request, which
was not long in. making Us appear
ance. Speeches'in the House and opposition
(Concluded on Page 5
'."" " " v r
... . .
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY Mamlmum temperature -64.1
degrees: minimum. 42.6 degrees.
TODAY Fair, northerly winds.
Wilson's appeal tightens tension at Na
tional capital. Page 1.
Huerta says be win show world his rule la
"moral and. civilised." Page 1.
Wall street shies not at war scare, but
stocks take elump. Pace 1.
Troopa at. Presidio ready to take Held tor
action at five minutes notice. Page 2.
Imperial Valley organizes mounted army
to ffuard water aupply from possible dy
namiting. Page 1. -
Mare Island Navy forces test out shells and
assemble 200 tana provisions. Page 2.
Germany : hopeful - that war will be pre
vented. Page 2.
Senate holds up plans to setae Mexican
ports. Page 1. ' .
Seventh Brigade ready to move from Van
. couver on emergency. Page 12.
Northwest League results Spokane 7, Port
land 1; Tacoma 5. Victoria 7; Vancouver
11. Seattle 0. Page 0.
McGraw risks reputation on Redskin Jim
. Thorpe. 'Page .7. .
Two aviators fall, one in bay and other on
. exposition grounds. in big aeroplane
race, page 7.
Americans defeated by Canadians in Mara-
. thon race. Page 7.
Venice cornea today, with Powell and Hig
Kinbotham to twirl. Page 6. .
Commercial and Marine. . .
Operations In Western wool market are en-
. Urged. ' Page 17.
Wheat sold freely on favorable crop re
ports. Page 17.
Wall-street bears make use of Mexican cri
sis to force down stocks. . Page. 17.
Liner Lord Lonsdale strikes two bridges
while leaving harbor. Page 12.
Interstate bridge to have bascule or awing
draws. Page 1Z.
Governor Lister to stay within state for
rest of administration to prevent Lieutenant-Governor
Hart acting. Page 10.
Portland and Vicinity.
County Fair and Land Products Show Boards
at lssua over aid fund. Page 1L
Hotel Benson will be opened formally to-
morrow. Page 16,
"Independent" and "Association" grocers
battle over Sunday closing" law before
Council. . Page . 1L
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
Militia officers continue routine and recruiting-shows
activity. Page 8.
Seven questions on "economy legislation"
put up to Gubernatorial candidates.
New Jury will be secured today to try sec
ond round of Winters' escheat case.
Clubs big factor In Good Roads Day ob
servance. Page 11.
SOLDIERS ASKED FOR AID
Forty ' Miles of Irrigation Canals
Need Army Protection.
EL - CENTEO, Cal.. April 20. The
Board of Supervisors of Imperial
County telegraphed to General Mur
ray at San Francisco today, asking
that 100 United . States soldiers be
sent to protect . tlis valley irrigation
-vThe Supervisors, on bearing that
one troop of cavalry had been dis
patched to Calexico, declared that one
troop' could do nothing effective in
guarding 40 miles of irrigation canals.
EMPEROR JOSEPH BETTER
Austrian Ruler Able to Receive Of
ficials of State.
VIENNA, April 20. A considerable
Improvement in the condition of Em
peror Francis Joseph was noted to
night. His temperature practically is
normal and his general strength good.
The Emperor received reports from
his ministers and other officials
throughout the day.
HIS DAYS ARE NUMBERED
HUERTA IVES TO
"SHOW THE WORLD"
Mexican' Leader Fears
PUBLlCfsciVlENT IS MADE
Dictator Wants American Peo
ple to Understand.
EMBASSY UNDER . GUARD
Americans Included in Reassurance
to Foreigners in Mexico City, De
signed to Prove His Kule Is
"Moral and Civilized."
MEXICO CITT. April 20. "General
Huerta offers all guarantees to for
eigners, Americans included, who may
remain in Mexico, and be will improve
this opportunity to show the world
that his government and Mexico are
moral and civilized."
This statement President Huerta
dictated to the Associated Press to
day. He continued:
"I desire to make it plain to the
American people that according to
the official report from the comman
der at Port Tampico received by the
Mexican government there waa no
flag on the boat which landed and
whose crew was detained. I fear that
President Wilson has been misin
formed on this point and that he will
Inform the American Congress that
the boat carried the flag.
"In fact, the American flag has
nothing to do with the case, and I
desire the American people fully to
As a precautionary measure a spe
cial guard of 12 police was Installed
in the American Embassy tonight.
MEXICAN SPIRIT is RISING
Mildly Anti-American Circulars Ap
pear in Mexico City.
MEXICO CITT, April 20. Circulars,
mildly anti-American, apepared In the
streets this afternoon appealing to tbe
patriotism of Mexicans.
There were no outward signs of an
tagonism to Americans, however, on tbe
part of Mexicans.
Mexican Exchange Firmer. .
MEXICO CITY, April 20. The rate
of exchange here became a trifle firm
er today over that of Saturday and
very perceptibly over the rate of a few
days ago. A peso today is worth 29 M
cents gold against 27 cents gold last
WALL STREET NOT
HIT BY WAR SCARE
CRISIS, HOWEVER, IS CACSE OF
Government Bonds Decline for Rea
son That Large Xew Issue Prob
able, Should Campaign Open.
NEW YORK. April 20. The Meilrun
crisis caused a slump on the Stock Ex.
cnange today. There was no semblance
of a war scare in Wall street, and the
market betrayed no nervousness.
ane acute stage reached in the coun
try's relations with Mexico neverthe
less registered its effect on nrir r
stocks It provided an opportunity for
heavy speculative selling and there waa
also a considerable volume of liquida
tion of the part of the holders of stock
wno preferred to retire from the
The day's decline came after a week
of steadily Jailing prices which have
been influenced by the evidence that a
crisis was approaching. At the end
the leading stocks were one to three
points lower. Many of them reached
the lowest prices of the year.
Government bonds declined. One rea
son ascribed for their heaviness was
the possibility that, in case of war. the
Government might put forth a large
new issu to meet the expenses of the
Wall street talked of little else than!
Mexico. The news tickers, which ordt-l
narily are devoted to routine matters
of finance, were given over to the
transmission of Washington despatches
detailing the latest developments in
the Mexican situation.
Brokers whose memory of Wall
street affairs extends back to 1898
said that for some time preceding the
declaration of war with Spain the
market was weak. When war finally
came prices advanced. It has been a
favorite contention of bullish specula
tors for several months that the
market would rise if war with Mexico
ENGINEERS OFFER TROOPS
Trainmen Fu miliar With Mexico
Ready, Is Advice to Wilson.
CHICAGO, April 20. An offer of
locomotive engineers to man trains in
Mexico was telegraphed to President
Wilson and to the Secretary of War
from temporary headquarters today
by the Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers. The telegram read:
'"The Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers stands ready to handle all
troop trains that may be needed in
Mexico. These men are thoroughly fa
miliar with Mexico and know every
foot of railraod there. They. like the
rest of-us, are Americans and may be
relied on. Warren F. Stone. Grand
MANNING PUTST0 SAFETY
Revenue Cotter, Encountering High
Seas, Rushes Into Drake's Bay.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 20. The
revenue cutter Manning, which left
San Francisco today for Puget Sound
encountered heavy seas and put Into
Drakes Bay for safey.- The subma
rine K-3, which left for the North to
day In tow of the Henry T. Scott, was
baffled by high wind and seas, and
returned after passing Point Arena.
The submarine K-3 is a new boat,
built at the Union Iron Works, and
has not yet been accepted.
The Manning was towing the reve
nue tender Guard, recently built at
Mare Island for service in the North.
WAR OPENS ON SPEEDERS
Many Arrests to Follow if Auto
Drivers Fail to Obey I-aws.
War has been declared by Mayor
Albee on automobile and motorcycle
speeders. Complaints to the effect that
many drivers are paying no attention
to the speed limit or other traffic regu
lations occasioned the preparation of
orders to the police to commence a vig
Complaints are to the effect that
speed regulations are ignored, automo
biles and motorcycles whizz by street
cars which are taking on or letting off
passengers and other regulations and
"safety-first" principles are being Ig
nored. Many arrests are expected.
Roscburg Resents Delay.
WASHINGTON. April 20. The Rose
burg Commercial Club has submitted
a protest to Congress against the delay
in the construction of the Roseburg
postoffice. The protest severely crit
icises the supervising architects of the
office, declaring their methods unbusinesslike.
RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY HOUSE AND CHANGES MADE BY
SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE .
The text of the Joint resolution
as adopted by the House after
heated debate at yesterday's ses
sion is as follows:
A Joint resolution justifying
the employment of the armed
forces of the United States in en
forcing certain demands against
"Resolved by the Senate and
House of Representatives In Con-
gress assembled that the Presi
dent of the United States is Jus
tified In the employment of the
armed forces of the .United States
to enforce the demands upon Vlc
toriano Huerta. for unequivocal
amends to the Government of the
United States for affronts and In
dignities committed - against this
Government by General Huerta and
New Measure Alters
Spanish War Act.
FORCE TO BE RAISED QUICKLY
Pension List After War Would
Be Decreased. .
MILITIA STRENGTH 120,000
Provision in House Proposal Makes
Number and tirade of Orriccrs
Same In Volunteer Forces
as in Regular Army.
WASHINGTON. April 20. Prompt or
ganization of ti voiunteer army for
service in Mexico or in any other crisis
would be provided for in a House bill
passed today by the Senate with
Sending of the measure to conference
was delayed by a motion by Senator
Reed to re-consider the vote, but Sen
ate leaders said the motion probably
would be disposed of tomorrow.
The bill would revise the law under
which a volunteer force was organized
for the Spanish-American War in 1898.
Its authors contend that a volunteer
force could be raised more quickly than
under the existing law; that it would
prevent the payment of bounties, would
do away with a short term of enlist
ment by making the term of volunteers
the same as those in the regular Army:
would procure the necessary number
of men at the beginning of the war for
a long period, thus making drafting
unnecessary and would decrease the
pension list after the war.
Usd Forces Recruited.
Unlike the present law. the bill would
provide for the recruiting of all organ
izations of land forces. This would in
clude training service to which duty
partially disabled officers would be as
signed when superseded by able-bodied
men at the front.
Another change in the existing law
would give the President, . Instead of
the Governors of the states, the au
thority to appoint all officers for the
volunteer forces, requiring him to glvo
preference In their selection to those
who have had military training and in
struction in the regular Army, National
Guard, volunteer forces or military
Instead of the volunteer forces wait
ing to be called into service uutil all
the organized militia of all arms has
been called, it would permit thu organ
isation of volunteers of a particular arm
as soon as the militia of that particular
arm had been put into service An
other provision is that the number and
grade of officers should be the same
In the volunteer forces as in thu reg
Present Mnasth 120,000.
The present strength of the organized
militia, including officers and men. is
approximately 120.000 according to the
latest returns from Adjutants-General
of the different states to the War De
partment. These civilian soldiers are;
divided as follows:
Alabama 2569, Arizona 522. Arkansas
1359. California 3612. Colorado 1446.
Connecticut 2641. Delaware 4S2. Dis
trict of Columbia 1646. Florida 1220.
Georgia 2898, Hawaii 465. Idaho 840.
Illinois 6914. Iowa 2981. Kansas 124.
Kentucky 2013, Louisiana 1142. Main
1448. Maryland 1972. Massachusetts
5793, Michigan 2750. Minnesota 2942.
Mississippi 1443, Missouri 3576. Mon
tana CIO, Nebraska 1172, New Hamp
shire 1258, Nevada (mustered out) 1906,
New Jersey 4382. New Mexico 618. New
Xork. 15.957. North Carolina 2368. North
Dakota ?J9. Ohio C140. Oklahoma 95:.
Oregon 1467, Pennsylvania 10,534.
Rhode Island 1358, South Carolina 1909.
South Dakota 679. Tennessee 1S34. Tex
as 3561. Utah 354. Vermont 845. Vir
ginia 3699. Washington 1238. West Vir
ginia 1383. Wisconsin 2993. Wyoming
Carrauza Reads Wilson's Address.
JUAREZ, Mexico. April 20. The full
text of President Wilson's message to
Congress was translated here this aft
ernoon and transmitted to General Car
ranza at Chihuahua.
The resolution as agreed on by
the Senate foreign relations com
"In view of the facts presented
by the President of the United
States In his address delivered to
the Congress in joint session the
20th day of April, 1914. in regard
to certain affronts and indignities
committed against the United
States, be t ' .
-Reaolved. That the President is
justified in the employment of the
armed forces of the United States
to enforce hi demands for un
equivocal amends for affronts and
indignities committed against the
United States: be it further
"Resolved. That the United
States disclaims any hostility to
the Mexican people or any purpose
to make war npon them."
(Concluded on page 5.)
once to Mexican waters.
I Fl i n o