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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 2, 1914)
THE 3IORXISG OREG ONI AX, TUURSDAT, APHID 2, 1914.
COST INQUIRED INTO
Impaired Credit Declared to
Have Lessened Command of
2. Labor and Supplies.
CONSUMER IS FAVORED
Representatives of Roads Saj Addi
tional Receipts of $78,544,061
j, Annually Are Required to
. Meet Xormal Growth.
WASHINGTON", April 1. A decision
by the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion on the freight rate increases asked
by the Eastern railroads is expected
much earlier than had been planned.
It may be handed down within a month.
President Smith, of the New York
Central, testified today before the
Commission concerning recent neces
sity for curtailment of expenditures.
"W. H. Williams, third vice-president
of the Delaware & Hudson Company,
submitted a statement of the general
financial condition of the railways.
Xew Capital ot Reunited.
"The average amount annually ex
pended by railroads during: the last six
years, for additions and betterments,'
he said, "has been substantially 9600,
000,000, and to earn 4.10 per cent on
this amount would require additional
receipts of $78,644,061. Notwithstand
ing the large capital expenditures made
by railroals, the economies and in
creased traffic resulting therefrom
have not been sufficient to offset the
increased cost of wages, materials, sup
plies and taxes, so that with a sub
stantial increase in their fixed charges
the railroads have had a less amount
with which to meet such charges.
"If the railroads are to secure suf
ficient funds, their credit must be im
proved and this can only be accom
plished by a larger excess of current
earnings over the current cost of op
eration and taxes."
W. C. Wishart, statistician of the
New York Central, testified concerning
"a railroad's cost of living."
Consumer Receives More Than Ever.
"Rates of pay for transportation have
gone down sharply," he said. "The
consumer of today can obtain more
transportation for a given amount of
goods than he ever could before, and
the carrier continues to sell at declin
ing prices regardless of cost of pro
duction. "While transportation rev
enues, per unit of traffic, appear since
1902 to have remained fairly constant,
it is estimated that the actual com
pensation to the carrier is 40 per cent
below the level of that of 1896. The
ability of a railroad to purchase labor,
supplies and credit has been impaired
by the general increase in commodity
prices, in the face of a fixed rate of
return per unit of service. While av
erage revenues have declined some
what, wages have risen 24 per cent per
unit of traffic and other expenditures
and taxes about 12 per cent per unit of
traffic. " -
"Wages have risen as a result of
arbitration, mediation and the general
demand for higher pay in all branches
of industry, but stockholders have not
received relatively as high a return as
they received in the late '90s."
Cost of Repairs Grows.
J. T. WalJis. general superintendent
of motive power of the Pennsylvania,
testified that system was obliged to
pay far more for repairs, supplies and
general maintenance of equipment than
He presented technical details of the
increase in cost of repairs, attributing
them in part to the increased cost of
labor and in part to changed condi
tions of equipment.
ELGIN BOARD HOLDS OUT
Only lart or Government's Condi
tions Are Agreed To.
WASHINGTON. April 1. Unless the
Elgin Board of Trade promptly accedes
to demands made by the Department
of Justice it is probable that the at
tempt to settle the anti-trust suit
against that organization will prove
unavailing and that the Government
will push the case to a conclusion in
Word has been received here from
United States District Attorney Wil
kerson. at Chicago, in charge of the
negotiations with the Elgin Board, that
it had agreed to certain demands but
refused to accept others. It had been
the belief here that an agreement
would be reached, that the suit would
be discontinued and a decree granting
thf demands in the Government's orig--inal
complaint be entered in the United
States District Court at Chicago.
It was tha understanding here to
night that the negotiations would be
HEAD OF POLICE RESIGNS
Aew York Commissioner Wants to Be
Relieved by April 15.
NEW YORK. April 1. The resigna
tion of Douglas L McKay as Police
Commissioner has been in Mayor
Mitehel's hands since last Friday. The
fact became known today. The Com
missioner desired to retire at once, if
possible, but asked that he be retained
not longer than April 15.
Commissioner McKay declined to
give his reasons for resigning. It was
assumed that he wished to re-enter
private business. His reasons were
contained in his letter, McKay said,
and the executive was at liberty to
make the communication public.
ECONOMIC VIEWS ARE BAR
Confirmation to Commerce Commis
sion Held Vp in Senate.
WASHINGTON. April 1. Confirma
tion of tne nomination of Winthrop
M. Daniels, of New Jersey, to be a
member of the Interstate Commerce
Commission was blocked today in the
Senate by Senators La Follette and
The Senators asserted .that there was
no personal attack on Mr. Daniels in
volved, but said his economic views
unfitted him for the task. They pointed
to hia record as public utilities ofn
c'al in New Jersey to sustain their
TOLLS ISSUEJTO BE FORCED
Continued Krom First Pie.)
to impede the progress of the bill.
That some members of the committee
who oppose exemption repeal desire
to have public hearings on the bill wag
apparent, but Administration Senators
insisted that such hearings were un
necessary and there could be no other
reason for them except to cause delay.
"Public hearings on this issue are
unnecessary." Senator Owen said to
night, "and would unnecessarily pro
long this controversy, which is a clean
cut issue and thoroughly understood
by every Senator. We are entitled to
get away from Congress early this
time and intend to do it if possible."
Request May Brlag Test.
Senator O'Gorman has said there
would be no unnecessary delay in the
committee considering the bill, but it
Is expected that a request will be made
of him to grant hearings. On this the
committee may be forced to act and it
would be considered as a test on the
real Issue. Just how the committee
stands is uncertain, both sides claim
ing a majority of one. An unfavorable
report would be followed by a minority
report and this would bring the con
troversy before the Senate on a motion
to adopt the minority report.
Many complications are possible in
the situation. That there wll be a
persistent effort to amend the repeal
bill as It passed the House is certain,
but friends of the President assert
nothing but flat repeal of toll exemp
tion will be accepted and in support
of this they claim a safe majority.
Many polls of the Senate have been
taken by Democrats and Republicans
and estimates of the majority in favor
of the repeal vary from 2 to 24.
GIRL GRADUATES IH LEAD
FEWER BOYS EDUCATED I2f HIGH
SCHOOLS OF OREGON.
Institutions Outside of Portland Baud
Dlplemas to 1470 PupUs Effort
Made to Attract Yeans Men.
SALEM, Or., April 1. (Special.)
Superintendent of Public Instruction
Churchill announced today that there
would be 1470 students graduated by
four year high schools outside of Port
land this year. The list includes 940
girls and 530 boys.
"Some of the schools," said Mr.
Churchill, "will graduate the same
number of boys and girls, but in a ma
jority of them the girls are far in the
lead. I believe that our changing the
rules so that there will be more f rti-
dom in the pupils electing their studies
win increase the attendance of boys.
We hope to gradually increase the at
tendance of boys until it equals that of
Eugene leads with 106 students to be
graduated: Salem is second with 7
and Corvallis, Baker and Medford each
have 40. The census as compiled by Mr.
Churchill, is as follows:
Weston 9, Dufur 5, Albany 36. Flor
ence S. Lakeview 9. Joseph '8, Bandon
11, Dundee 1, Cottage Grove 17, Niddle
6. Balston 1, Merrill 6, Tangent 1, Sil
verton 24. Oakland 2. Glendale 7. I'nrPi
Grove 4. Bend 3, Wood bum 12, Dayton
. ntwpers d. Marsnrield 20, Pleasant
Hill 7, Corvallis 40. Ontario 21. Fall
City 7, Sutherlin 3, Springfield 1, Con
don 7. Yoncalla 2. St. Johns 17, Hood
River 35. Monroe 6, Hillsboro 16. Free
water 16. Richland 18. Salem 81. Sea
side 3, Wasco 4, Tillamook 11. Bay City
liCDMon zi, Bauer 40. Cove 6. Astoria
25. Union 15. Mosler 1. . Sheridan K
Sumpter 5, Balls City 2, Perrydale 2,
Athena 3. Scotts Mills 3, Myrtle Creek
6, Independence 6, Junction City 14, Ger-
vais c, Aisea a. fossil 7. Nyssa 7,
Brownsville 9. La Grande 2R. Snrinir.
field 10. rGants Pass 24, Coqnille 13.
Bethel 10. lone 3. Heonner 12. rcntr.1
Po'nt 6, Pendleton 28, Eugene 106. Rose-
nurg. a, iialnler 4. Amity 8, Dayton 7.
Jefferson 2, Medford 40, Creswell 7.
urownsvuie is. canby 8, Shedd 5. Mil
waukle 4, Scappoose 6. Philomath 5.
Monroe 4, Toledo 6. HarriBburg 6. St.
Helens 5. McMlnnville 4 5, Hermlston 3,
Stanfield 2, Oregon City 37. Dallas 16,
Gold Hill 4. Coburg 3. Clatskanle 9,
WiUamina 4. Ashland 33, Enterprise 11.
The Dalles 25, Echo 23, Elgin 17.
R1ES WILL NOT RESUME
OHIO OPERATORS STAMD BY ORIG
Fifty Tuauaaud Ma Meaanhlle Signify
Intention af Awaiting Result
. of Referendum.
COLUMBUS, O., April 1. Ohio bitu
minous coal miners will not resume
operations tomorrow after the "eight-
nour aay-- holiday or today, according
to operators of this city.
The operators said tonight they had
decided to stand by their decision to
suspend operation until & new wage'
scale is agreed on. No attempt has
been made thus far by either side to
effect a new working agreement, the
50,000 miners having signified their In
tention to mark time until the results
of their referendum vote is known.
It was reported tonight that the
miners in some districts may carry out
their intention of reporting at their
usual places of employment tomorrow
as if no difference existed with their
employers. Action of this sort, the
miners pointed out, would emphasize
their willingness to continue under the
old wage scale pending the outcome of
FALL KILLS TRAPEZE GIRL
Circus Performer Meets Death When
Practicing in New York.
NEW YORK. April 1. Ella Hackett.
a 19-year-old performer, was killed by
a xau or au leet from a trapeze In the
arena of the Barnum Ac Bailey Circus
in Madison Square Garden today.
While attempting a "revolving
swing." she fell head downwards. Only
a few of the circus performers were
present at the time as she was re
hearsing after the afternoon perform
Miss Hackett was a daughter of Dr.
Clarence L. Hackett, a dentist of this
LABOR BUREAU REAL HELP
Los Angeles Finds Work for 3 209
M-n, 3 2 Women, in March.
LOS ANGELES. April 1. (Special.)
The municipal labor bureau is making
good. In March 3209 men and 326 wo
men received employment. This was
the report made today by Superinten
dent Davenport. Fifty per cent or the
women took up house work.
The total number for whom this
bureau has secured work in the past
three months is S606 men and 954 women.
Natchez Bankers Indicted.
NATCHEZ, Miss!. April 1. Investi
gation into the affairs of the First
Natchez Bank, which closed October
30, 1913. resulted in the indictment to
day of A. C. Campbell, president; H. M.
Lowenberg, first vice-president, and K.
Lee Wood, second vice-president, on
charges of accepting deposits after the
bank was insolvent.
NEW ARMY CH1EF0F
General Wotherspoon, Who Is
to Retire in November, Suc
. ceeds General Wood.
SCOTT IS NEW ASSISTANT
Officer Him Settled Navajo Uprising
in Arizona Promptly Makes Fa
vorable Impression, but
WASHINGTON. April 1. Major-Gen.
eral William W. Wotherspoon. now As
sistant Chief of Staff of the Army, has
been selected to succeed Major-General
Leonard Wood as Chief of Staff at the
end of General Wood's term, April 22.
Brigadier-General Hugh L. Scott, com
manding the troops at Fort Bliss. Tex.,
will be Assistant Chief of Staff.
General Wood will assume command
of the Eastern Department, with head
quarters at Governor's Island. N. Y.
The appointment of General Wother
spoon had been fully expected, as It
was In accordance with the practice
which has obtained for some years past
of promoting the Assistant Chief of
Staff. General Wotherspoon will re
tire on account of age next November.
I'ot Dwllie4 by Bllaa.
A short time ago it practicallv had
been settled that the position of As
sistant Chief should be tendered to
Brigadier-General Tanker H. Bliss, in
command of the Southern Department,
with headquarters at Fort Sam Hous
ton. Texas. Later a report was cur
rent that this tender was declined by
General Bliss and within the past week
it appeared the choice would fall upon
General Scott. The latter made a fa
vorable impression upon the Adminis
tration by the dispatch and thorough
ness with which he personally settled
the recent Navajo uprising in Arizona.
He already was well known to Presi
dent Wilson, whom he had met on visits
to his brother, a member of the faculty
of Princeton. General Scott was su
perintendent of the Military Academy
when Mr. Wilson was president of
Brigadier's Rank Retalaed.
Unlike his predecessor. General Scott
will become Assistant Chief of Staff
with the rank of Brigadier-General.
There is now no vacancy in the grade
cf Major-General. and in order to pro
mote him to that rank when General
Wotherspoon retires it would be neces
sary to promote him over the heads of
nine Brigadiers who are his seniors.
No selection has been made of a suc
cessor to General Scott as commander
of the Second Cavalry Brigade at El
USE FOR ALDER IS FOUND
Wood Suitable for Making Clothes
pins, Says SluKlaw Supervisor.
EUGENE. Or., April 1. (Special.)
Twenty-five million feet of red alder
stands in the Siuslaw Valley tributary
to Eugene ready to be manufactured
into clothespins, according to the an
nouncement of H. B. Rankin, supervisor
of the Siuslaw National forest, fol
lowing a series of experiments by the
Government to determine the proper
use for this wood which is found all
through the forests of the, Oregon
Birch and maple have been the only
woods available in the Northwest
suited to the manufacture of clothes
pins, and they exist in limited quali
ties. A general demand for such a
wood exists, says the forestry department.
COTTAGE, GROVE MAN DIES
Matthew 15. Wilson, Stricken. In
'isht. Succumbs In Two Hours.
COTTAG13 GROVE. Or.. April 1.
(Special.) Matthew Riley was stricken
with apoplexy Saturday night and died
about two hours later without" regain
ing' consciousness. He had been in his
usual health and the family had start
ed to move into a new home recently
purchased in West Cottage Grove. Be
sides the widow, two daughters, Mrs.
Org G. "Warner and Mrs. C. A. Lynch, of
this city, and an adopted daughter. Mrs.
IL Xj. Veits, of .Saskatchewan, Canada,
Funeral services were held at the
Mills chapel yesterday afternoon and
Interment .was made in the Oddfellows'
peinetery. i t
TWO HAVE NARROW ESCAPE
Match Thrown in Box of Dynamite
COTTAGE GROVE. Or, April 1.
(Special.) J. S. Benson and his as
sistant were "extracting" stumps with
dynamite a few days ago on Mr. Ben
son's ranch. The assistant was sitting;
on the ground beside the box of dy
namite and in lighting his pipe care
lessly threw the match Into the dyna
mite box. His attention was attracted
by what sounded like a sputtering
fuse, but he did not stay to Investigate.
- When the explosion came he had put
about 20 feet between himself and the
box. Mr. Benson was working about
the same distance away, but did not
know of the danger until the explosion
took place. Neither man was hurt-
LIQUOR QUESTION ISSUE
Cornelius Election Turns on right
Between Vets and Drys.
CORNELIUS. Or, April 1. (Special.)
At the city election here Monday.
April 6. the question of a wet or dry
city will again be the chief issue.
Kor Mayor and city offices there
will be a contest. Thomas Talbot will
run on the Citizens' ticket. P. K.
Phelps and A. S. Hendricks are can
didates for Recorder.
The Prohibitionists are active in
registering. A year ago the dry ele
ment was defeated by 13 votes, but
this time the leaders of the Prohibi
tionists say they will carry the city
by twice that majority, and this is
the accepted indication.
Policemen Must Be Swimmers.
NEW YORK. April 1. All New York
policemen hereaf te'r must know how to
swim and to rescue drowning persons.
Police aJommissioner McKay today re
ceived permission to use the public
baths for swimming schools. Swim
ming and life-saving will be a part of
th examination all future policemen
will be obliged to pass.
Next Week Is Styleplus Week
We are the Styleplus Store
ENJOY A NEW SUIT for Easter S
when new clothes count. We are
making a special showing of
'The Hnc arte tha araHd evar.
ALL THE NEW PATTERNS. Every.
variety of style that is correct. You pick out the
suit that best becomes you, knowing the price is
only $17 and that the quality is guaranteed.
THIS SUIT IS FAMOUS much
talked about. If you don't know the Styleplus
quality-points, you ought to pome in, even if you
don't need a new Easter suit. We will gladly show
The big two page advertisement in the 5&!&;s17
Saturday Evening Post advised you to look for the
Styleplus Window in the Styleplus Store. Notice
our fine display and come in.
The Styleplus Store
zr x Tm v; raw
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ft a iv- V7 ; . fctx.
342 Wuhingtra Street.
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TREATING TO BE BARRED
CANDIDATES' V'XIOJi PROPOSES TO
ABOLISH OLD CUSTOMS.
Bntte Cooaty Democratic Caaamlttee
Isaura Protocol Aaklaff Co-opera-Hub
of Other Parties.
OROVlliLK. Cal., April 1. (Special.)
There will be no cigrars and no drinks
soft or hard for men voters, nor
candy nor chewing gum tor women
voters, if the Butte County democratic
central committee has its way.
In a .resolution passed at today's
meeting of that committee all the
time-honored practices of campaigning;
were placed under the ban. IvlssinA
tha babies is only one left amonir the
customs found effective in past years
as a means of winnln? votes.
Not content with abolishing- these
methods of campaigning from their
own party, the Democratic county cen
tral committee has issued a protocol to
the county central committee of the
other parties asking- that similar ac
tion be taken. To enforce these offi
cial declarations a sort of candidates'
union is planned. In which all shall
agree that twofcrs," spearmint and
cocktails, grape Juice and otherwise,
shall be declared unfair.
ALBANY NAMESMAY QUEEN
Miss Jtutk Knowlc-s Given One of
Highest Honors Among Co-Eds.
ALBANY. Or., April 1. (Special.)
Miss Ruth Knowles has been chosen as
Queen of the May for the annual May
Day festivities at Albany College. She
Is a member of the Junior class and her
home Is in Florence. Or. To become
Queen of the May is rated as the high
est honor of the school year among
This will be the sixth annual Miv
Day exercises at Albany College an3
elaborate plans will be made for the
event. The observance of May Day
was Inaugurated at the college In 1S0K.
when Miss Wllletta Wright was Queen
CLEANSES YOUR HAIR,
MAKES IT BEAUTIFUL
It becomes thick, wavy, lustrous
and all dandruff disappears.
Surely try a "Danderlne Hair Cleanse"
if you wish to Immediately double the
beauty of your hair. Just moisten a
cloth with Danderine and draw it care
fully through your hair, taking one
small strand at a time: this will
cleanse the hair of dust, dirt or any ex
cessive oil. In a few minutes yon will
be amazed. Your hair will be wavy,
fluffy and abundant and possess an In
comparable softness, luster and lux
uriance. Besides beautifying the hair, one ap
plication of Danderine dissolves every
particle of dandruff; Invigorates the
scalp, stopping itching and falling hair.
Danderine Is to the hair what fresh
showers of rain and sunshine are to
vegetation. It goes rlsrht to the roots.
invigorates and rtrengthens them. Its
exhilarating, stimulating and life-pro
ducing properties cause the hair to
grow long, strong and beautiful.
You can surely have pretty, soft, lus
trous hair, and lots of iu if you will
Juat get a :.-cent bottle of Knowlton's
Danderine from any drugstore or toilet
counter and try it as directed. Adv.
or the May. Miss Grace Swank ruled
as Queen in 1910. Miss Amy Olmstead
in 1911. Miss ICeith Van Winkle in I'JIZ
and Miss Mary Bryant last year.
Gasoline Cheaper In St. Louis.
ST. ' LOUIS. April 1. The price of
gasoline in St. Louis was cut to 13
cents a gallon by the Standard Oil
Company since November 4. when it
began a fight, it is said, against other
dealers in the St. Louis Held.
$1,000,000 Almond Crop Forecast.
SACRAMENTO. April 1. A million
dollar almond crop for California this
season is the prediction of T. C Tucker,
manager of the California Almond
growers' . Kxchange. who has been
gathering- crop data.
NEW SIZE 15 CENTS
POS1.AM SOAP Is the one soap that
you may feel absolutely safe In using In
the nursery. It Is non-irritating. Ab
solutely pure. Tt soothes the tender
skin, protects from infection and dis
ease; Is superior for the skin because
it contains Poslam, the great heallug
Acts an tonic and beautifier for sny
skln. improves the complexion, removes
roughness. Unsurpassed for shampoo
ing. fold by all druggists everywhere.
(TO DRUGGISTS All Jobbers now
supply Poslam Soap at N. A. R. D.
F $300 KfTr-K
Back -4r flnfuf. 111-11
Travel on the finest ships o fc"yc. unsurpassed
u iiuiu y uy muy &uip anoat. ,
Speed and tbo short Canadian Pacific Route cut tha
ovago almost one week.
Now only 10 days to Japan. 15 days to China, tram V
fcvery visitor to Japan, land of flowers, quaint, merry people and fascinatine
cuno shops, is captivated by her charm and interests. K
Hows a visit to Honolulu and Manila.
Diverse route orivilera i
Th J.0. aYokolu"I Kobe. Shanghai and Hong Kong will obtain reliable
mdes and offer every assistance to our passengers.
Empress of Russia
iu uays to Japan,
The M days spent oa the PaciSc between
yaocouver and Yokohama are filled vitn
pleasure for Empress pansenrers. Fvery
Inxorr 1s provided, aa army ot deft "China
'pv antitipata every want. The gay Fili
pino band is aa enjoyable teataro.
r'ltAXK It- JOflO.N, Ucaeral Ami,
l'aaae Mala ttv
-Empress of Asia
15 Days to China
Equipment, voyage and couul i las visited
fully desorthed in our Tran-facmc folder.
Number For full information in regard
to Canadian Pacilic Oriental. Au&traliaa
and Konnd-Uic-world trip, phone, call
oa or writs - - - -
Third ri SI.. I'ortlnad.
Or Aay Railroad or Staaauliip Agent
GLASS OF SALTS
Your Back Hurts or Bladder
Bothers You. Drink Lots
Whan your kidneys hurt and your
back feels sore, don't get scared and
proceed to load your stomach with a
lot of drugs that excite the kidneys and
irritate the entire urinary tract. Keep
your kidneys clean like you keep your
bowels clean, by flushing them with a
mild, harmless salts which removes the
body's urinous waste and stimulates
them to their normal activity. The
function of the kidneys Is to filter the
blood. In 24 hours they strain from
It &00 grains of acid and waste, so we
can readily understand the vital im
portance of keeping the kidneys active.
Drink lots of water you can't drink
too much: also get from any pharmacist
about four ounces of Jad Salts; take a
tablespoonf ul In a glass of water be
fore breakfast each morning for a few
days and your kidneys will act fine.
This famous salts is made from the
acid of grapes and lemon Juice, com
bined with litnis, and has been uaed
for generations to clean and stimulate
clogged kidneys: also to neutralize the
acid In urine so it no longer la
source of irritation, thus ending blad
Jad Salts Is inexpensive: cannot in
jure: makes a delightful effervescent
lithia-water drink which everyone
should take now and then to keep their
kidneys clean and active. Try this, also
keep up the water-drinking, and no
doubt you will wonder what became of
your kidney trouble and backache.
THIS PAPER TO YOU
w-'J- . 1 -
I ja aaa tafia
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