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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN. TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 30, 1913.
Entered at Portland. Oregon, Postofflce a
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IM1UUM), TUESDAY, SEPT. SO, 1913.
VOTERS' ERROR NULLIFIED.
The adoption of the so-called Med
ford freight-rate bill, now declared
unconstitutional by the Federal Court,
was one of few Instances wherein the
voters of Oregon have acted under the
Initiative without knowledge or under
standing of the issue involved. The
effect of the law could be ascertained
only by applying its provisions to the
Western classification and existing
freight tariffs and thereby ascertain its
influence in raising or lowering rates.
To do this one would need an expert
knowledge of all the conditions that
govern ratemaking. the possession of a
large volume of data, a Job-like pa
tience and a long vacation from other
work or duties. Even given all this
equipment, the student of the law
would be puzzled by its incongruities
and misapplication of common word
Seemingly the people took the law
on trust. It came "from the people"
and in its title professed to establish
maximum freights. The natural in
ference was that it reduced existing
rates and the offhand opinion of the
public was that the railroads could
stand a reduction.
The chief purpose of the framers of
the act was so to regulate freight rates
that jobbing zones would automatic
ally be created surrounding some of
the larger interior cities of Oregon.
Instead, however, of seeking to accom
plish this by direct method, the pro
moters of the measure devised a rigid
system of classification percentages,
minimum carload weights and percentage-
"spreads" between less-carload
and carload rates. "While ac
complishing the main purpose of
the measure, the plan necessarily af
fected every article of intrastate ship
ment, and in a -manner possibly not
anticipated by those who fostered its
adoption. We read in the court's opin
ion that while salt, flour and groceries
would have been given a lower rate,
:oal, hay, lumber, brick, stone, sand
and livestock would have sustained a
much higher rate.
It has heretofore been cited by The
Oregonian that whereas Medford and
Salem would have acquired merchan
dise rates favorable to Jobbing, Med
ford would find its green fruit prod
ucts practically on a prohibitive basis
and Salem its manufactured brick
shut out of the state markets. While
in these cities a fair balance of profit
and loss might have been struck. In
Portland the effect would have been
almost wholly on the debit side of the
The deceptive character of the
measure was illustrated in the large
favorable vote given it in this com
munity. In spite of its large pecuniary
detriment to the whole city.
But rightly there are constitutional
restrictions to the embarrassment of
public service corporations as well as
. private enterprises. Laws that pro
mote grave Injustice to common car
riers or would have confiscatory effect
are Invalid. The courts are not con
cerned with questions of pure rate
making policy, but they are empow
ered to stand between the law-making
power, be it Legislature or people, and
the rights of property. In the case
just described no definite, intelligent
public purpose has been thwarted. The
law falls on purely legal grounds, but
in its failure the general welfare of
the state Is not hampered, but rather
Is enhanced. Its passage was an un
fortunate mistake. Its nullification Is
FATE IX STORE FOR TURKEY.
Shrinkage of the Turkish empire In
Europe to the territory between Con
stantinople and Adrianople and con
sequent dependence of the Turks on
their Asiatic dominions may end in re
duction of the Sultan to the position
of a mere figurehead sovereign, like
the Khedive of Egypt and the native
princes of India. But it may also
lead to the development and repopula
tion of Asia Minor, Syria and that
cradle of the human race, Mesopo
tamia. Capital, backed by diplomacy that
despised dollar diplomacy is divid
ing Asiatic Turkey Into spheres of In
fluence. German capital, with Eng
lish co-operation, is to develop the
western and southern part of Asia
Minor by means of a railroad from the
Dardanelles across Anatalia, diagon
ally through Asia Minor, down the
valleys of the Euphrates and Tigris,
to the head of the Persian Gulf. A
network of German roads and general
industrial development through that
region are projected. Russia will be
left free to open up Northern Asia
Minor and Armenia, while France
may do the same with Syria.
These Investments will require or
der, security and prosperity. The
powers will doubtless endeavor to in
duce the Turks themselves to effect
the necessary reforms, but those who
are familiar with Turkish history will
entertain little hope of their success.
The Turk is by nature a plunderer, a
tyrant, a bigot and a grafter. He
can no more change his methods so
that he will govern in the interest of
the governed than a tiger can change
his stripes. As foreign investments
Increase, foreign influence will grow
and the degTee of control exercised by
the powers whose citizens have made
the investments will Increase; That
has been the history of Egypt and it
may well be the history of Asiatic
Turkey, culminating In the ultimate
partition of the empire among the Eu
ropean powers. This partition may be
veiled, but it will probably be no less
real. As a concession to Mohamme
dan fanaticism the Sultan may be
permitted to retain the semblance of
sovereignty and power, but be will
lose the substance.
The necessities of mankind are be
coming so great with increasing popu.
latlon that the civilized nations can
no longer permit some of the earth's
fairest and richest regions to be held
practically unproductive by the degen
erate descendants of a bandit race. As
in this country we are moving to
make every acre produce all of which
it is capable without Impairing its
fertility, so must the old world de
velop the waste places to their full
efficiency and push aside all obstruc
tive, backward races. The world must
move forward, that the human race
may survive, and all nations must Join
in the advance or become subject to
those which move on.
SURE AND SPEEDY JUSTICE.
Justice moved with no lagging step
In the case of O. C. Hansel, the mur
derer of ex-Judge Frank J. Taylor, of
Clatsop County. He committed the
crime on September 14 and on Sep
tember 27 was convicted of murder in
the first degree. None of the usual
delays Incidental to Indictment, tech
nical objections to the procedure and
impaneling of the Jury were experi
enced. This is as it should be. With lapse
of time the recollection which wit
nesses have of the circumstances
grows dim and tangible evidence may
be destroyed. Prejudice for or against
the accused is apt to grow with each
day and the difficulties of securing an
unbiased Jury increased. On the oth
er hand, the moral effect of prompt
justice is most excellent. It relieves
the accused of that suspense which is
more awful than the penalty itself and
it checks disposition to crime in oth
ers. A man with homicide in mind
will think several times before carry
ing out his purpose when he sees a
murderer sentenced within two weeks
after the crime has been committed.
He will have much less hesitation if
he sees a murderer lingering in Jail
for months before trial and perhaps
for years after trial, while motions
for new trial are heard and appealed,
new trials given, new appeals taken
and petitions for pardon or commuta
tion of sentence considered. With so
many loopholes for escape, such a
man, his mind concentrated only on
murder and escape from its penalty,
may well calculate on being able to
slip through one of them. If he sees
a short, straight road leading from
murder to the gallows, fear will re
strain him long after every moral re
straint Is dead within him.
The manner In which the insanity
plea was disposed of furnishes an ex
ample worthy of imitation. Alienists
agreed that Hansel was not insane. A
desire 'for revenge, long nourished,
impelled him to the .crime, but he
knew what he was doing. The fact
that he remembered so well events
leading up to the murder, but so con
veniently forgot the incidents of the
deed and the deed itself, is evidence
of his sanity. He was no more insane
than Is any other vengeful man.
A few more speedy trials like that
of Hansel, followed by prompt execu
tion of the sentence, will render mur
der far less common in Oregon. Other
courts and other prosecutors would do
well to copy after those of Clatsop
ALCOHOL THE COMING FUEL.
If Senator Lane can bring about an
amendment of the denatured alcohol
law which will permit every farmer
to produce his own fuel from the
waste products of his own farm, he
will confer a boon which will revolu
tionize not only the farming but the
automobile industry. The greatest
need of the day Is a -cheap substitute
for gasoline. Use of that once-de-sDlsed
by-product of petroleum has so
immensely increased with the use of
automobiles that it has now become
the chief product and kerosene Is the
by-product. The price of gasoline has
risen to such a figure as to be a seri
ous consideration to owners of auto
mobiles and an objection to their pur
chase. Search is being made for a
substitute and the Society of Motor
Manufacturers and Traders of London
has offered a prize of 110,000 for a
When the present denatured alcohol
law was passed, we were promised a
fuel which could be manufactured on
every farm at a cost of a few cents a
gallon from farm waste. But Con
gress was then under the control of
men who were adepts in the art of
appearing to do something for the
people while they actually guarded the
interests of the trusts. They hedged
about the manufacture of denatured
alcohol with restrictions which ren
dered an Investment of 1 12.0 00 to
$20,000 necessary. Even with these
restrictions denatured alcohol has
been put on the market at half the
price which was previously paid for
wood alcohol. But the Oregon Sena
tor estimates that It can be made from
waste products on every farm with a
still costing about $2.50 and can then
be taken to a central plant to be de
centralized. The residue of the dis
tillate is also valuable as a fertilizer.
Automobiles are no longer rich
men's carriages. They are being sold
at figures which place them within
the reach of the masses and are be
coming indispensable in business. Cost
of the machine is no longer the first
consideration with Intending pur
chasers; fuel cost is the problem. As
automobiles come into more general
use, the price of gasoline rises and it
may soon overtake alcohol. If every
farmer could make his own alcohol
at slight cost out of material which
Is now worthless he need no longer
hesitate to buy an automobile. The
engines could be adapted to the use
of the new fuel, which is safer and
more dependable in cold weather.
AN INTERESTING CLUB.
The latest invention in the way of
clubs is a club for domestic servants,
which has been founded In New Tork.
The promoters are a number of
wealthy employers, who aspire to shed
a new and attractive light upon the
despised calling of the kitchen maid
and the cook. Any woman may be
come a member if she proves her
qualifications as a domestic servant.
The house is provided with recreation-rooms
and there are parlors
where men may be received under
proper conditions. The club will give
servants a convenient place to spend
their "evenings out" and In case they
lose their employment it will provide
food and lodgings until a new place
has been found.
. Obviously the new club will be a
powerful ally of the philanthropists
who are fighting social vice, since it
is from the ranks of the 'homeless do
mestic servants, who have no place to
receive their friends, that the ranks of
white slavery are too largely recruited.
Domestic service Is probably the most
unprogTessive of all the methods by
which human beings earn their bread.
It is unsystematized, unintelligent and
Domestic servants as a rule believe
that their employment degrades them.
They are usually eager to flit from it
to some other vocation, even if they
sacrifice comfort and lose money by
the change. For this reason the
household cannot compete with the
laundry, the department store and the
cannery as an employer of female la
bor. The mistress wonders why it is
that girls will so readily abandon "a
good home" and the protection of a
well-to-do family to become a poorly
paid operative in some factory where
the work is miserable and the sur
roundings wretched. -
The reason is evident. Industrial
employes have a certain freedom
which domestic servants never obtain,
and, more Important still, they enjoy
the respect of their comrades. A
woman working in a family is con
stantly made to feel her Inferiority.
The fact is brought home to her In a
thousand ways every day. No won
der she escapes as soon as she can.
If the new club helps to dissipate this
feeling it may be a sturdy bulwark of
the tottering American home.
Should Senator Hoke Smith's bill
for co-operative agricultural exten
sion work be enacted into law rural
life will receive an Impetus which
must be of greatest benefit to the
whole country. The bill provides in
an admirably liberal way for co-operation
between the Federal Depart
ment of Agriculture and the agricul
tural, or "land-grant" colleges of the
several states. Its purpose is explic
itly and exclusively to support experi
ments In farming, model horticultural
plants, demonstrations in the use of
fertilizers, the cultivation of alfalfa
and similar needed but neglected
crops, the development of dairying
and stock-raising and matters of that
kind. The bill includes in Its benefi
cent Intent the development of social
centers, instruction to rural commun
ities how to develop their intellectual
and moral resources and how to use
their churches and schoolhouses for
the common good. It is such subjects
as these which the promoters of the
bill have in mind and to make sure
that the funds appropriated shall not
be diverted to ends which may seem
more important to local authorities
there is a provision that not more
than 5 per cent of the funds paid over
to any state shall be used for printing
publications and none whatever for
"the purchase, erection, preservation
or repair of any building or buildings
or the purchase or rental of land, or
In college-course teaching, lectures in
colleges, promoting agricultural trains
or any other purpose not specified in
These restrictions may appear some
what severe at first glance, but as
soon as the reader reflects upon the
temptations besetting college, facul
ties he will agree that they are wise
and necessary. For' Instance, there
is a perfect fury, both at Washington
and at every agricultural college in
the country, for printing documents.
Snm of them are extremely valuable,
but some are worthless and no matter
how avid of printed matter a person
may be he must admit that the pres
ent supply Is at least adequate. More
over we all know what the temptation
is when a college gets its fingers on
a sum nf monev to erect a new build
ing or endow another chair. Senator
Smith has foreseen these amlaDle
weaknesses and defended his appro
nrioHnna piralnsr them. The money
must be used for the uplift of rural
life and there will be enougn oi iu
if thA bill nasses. to make a wide
breach in the ancient walls of igno
rance and Inertia. It begins Dy ap
propriating outright to each state
n n ooo annually and we Infer from
the language of the bill that this Is
perpetual. Then follows a gradually
innr-enoinir annual .donation, whose
terms should be carefully studied by
all friends of education and rural
prosperity. In the first year, when
ih tin ona tn each state becomes
available $300,000 more is set aside
and for each following year this sum
will be increased by J3U0,uuu. xnis
ia tn rnntlnuB for ten vears. Thus as
soon as the law begins to act the
states which comply with it may re
noiv 131ft noo The next year the sum
to be distributed will be $610,000. The
next year it will be $910,000, and so
on. At the end of ten years there
will be a final appropriation of $3.
000,000, which is to continue annually
But this Is not all. The annual $10.
000 is to go to each state whether or
no, but the additional grants are put
on a different basis. No state shall
receive a penny from them "until an
equal sum has been appropriated for
v., vaqi hv thA Tjecrlslature of such
state," or provided in some other
equally reliable manner. When that
has been done then any state win De
entitled to its share of the grant, the
rtiofT-ihiitlnn hAine made according to
rural population. Each state will get
the same proportion or tne gram as
its rural population is of the entire
rural population of the country. Peo
ple living In cities will not count in
computing the shares. This is mani
footi fair nf course, as far as the
cities are concerned, but it will be
somewhat disadvantageous to states
which have large tracts of unsettled
land. Here the rural population Is
thin and at the same time the need
of extension work is extreme. It would
seem as though some more flexible
rule for distributing the grant might
be devised. Why not leave it to a
commission of experts, who could
study the actual needs of the various
parts of the country and act in the
light of full knowledge? This plan has
served very well Tor such great dona
tions as the Carnegie and Rockefeller
Wise in her generation, the State
of Oregon is already in a situation to
receive the full benefit of the Smith
bill If it becomes a law. The last
Legislature, learning that some such
measure as this would be brought be
fore Congress, provided that if a du
plicate appropriation should be re
quired from the state in order to
profit by It, "then and in that event
there Is hereby appropriated annually
a sum of money in each instance
equivalent in amount to each such
appropriation by the United States."
Hence, if Congress should pass the
Smith Bill our agricultural college will
be able at once to begin co-operation
with the Federal Department of Agri
culture in this great effort to revo
lutionize rural conditions. In the
same bill which contains this provi
sion the Legislature laid down a far
reaching plan for extension work. It
begins by giving the Agricultural Col
lege full power to carry on whatever
may be undertaken and sets aside
for that purpose $25,000 yearly. This
is Independent of any Federal action.
Then the County Courts are empow
ered to levy a tax up to a certain limit
for extension work and the state
agrees to duplicate whatever they
raise. The State Superintendent of
Public Instruction is authorized to co
operate with the Agricultural College
in executing the purposes of the Leg
islature. Thus Oregon will be able
to carry on agricultural extension rea
sonably well whatever Congress may
decide to do with the Smith bill, but
should that measure become law it is
inspiring to think of the mighty re
sources the college will have at its
disposal and the noble use its presi
dent and faculty are' competent to
make of them.
The woman suffragists are now con.
centratlng their efforts upon Pennsyl
vania. Beginning October 6, they will
carry out a series of demonstrations in
Philadelphia and thence extend their
efforts over the state. In New Tork
and Pennsylvania, the two states
where self-government has been a
conspicuous failure, woman suffrage
has up to this time made the least
progress. The truth of the matter is
that all the elements of civilization
hang together and advancement in
one means advancement in all.
Last year Canada received 150.542
immigrants from the rest of the Brit
ish Empire and 139,000 from the
United States, so that the bulk of her
new population speaks English. Those
who speak foreign languages number
only 112,881. It thus appears that
Canada, in spite of a great influx of
immigrants, is acquiring in the main
a homogeneous population already fa
miliar with Anglo-Saxon institutions.
The United States may well envy her
Good advice ought not to be de
spised, even when it comes from the
Beef Trust. This opulent malefactor
counsels the farmers to raise beef cat
tle, one or two a year, if not more. No
wiser words were ever spoken. "The
more cattle raised, the more revenue
for the trust," says an objector. Yes,
but the more revenue for the farmer,
too, and some day we may "bust the
trust." Meanwhile let us profit all
we can from its self-interested wis
dom. With all due respect to Superin
tendent Alderman, his order to sing
National songs in the schools can be
amended to advantage by substituting
"Three Cheers for the Red, White and
Blue," for "The Battle Hymn of the
Republic." The former has a lilt and
a go to it and means something, while
the latter is a composition of words
set to an adapted tune, which would
long have been forgotten if written by
anybody but Julia Ward Howe.
While the French do not exactly re
joice over the latest terrible dirigible
wreck, still their tears are easily re
strained. The accident seems to prove
that the dirigible cannot be relied on
In bad weather. The aeroplane, on
the other hand, is said to have at
tained complete stability, no matter
how the wind may blow. The French
have pinned their faith to aeroplanes,
while Germany banks on the dirigible.
Hence these Parisian smiles.
The Thayer School of Engineering Is
connected with Dartmouth College.
The experience of its last graduating
class illustrates the eager demand for
technically-educated men. ' Every
member had secured a position and
was actively at work within two weeks
after commencement. With facts of
this kind before us can we wonder
that technical schools attract stu
dents? It is absurd to try to account for
typhoid fever cases by "leaky gas
mains." Typhoid is always caused by
a germ contained in the patient's food
or drink. It is a filth disease and
arises Invariably from neglect of sani
tation. Usually the germ finds en
trance to the patient's system In milk
or water. Since Portland's water sup
ply Is above suspicion we must look
If social hygiene had been enforced
by law among high and low alike in
Spain, King Alfonso would not have
been allowed to transmit his ailments
to another generation and the deaf
and dumb prince and princess of
Spain would not have come into the
world. Under such laws several royal
families might become extinct, but the
world would be better off.
Postmaster-General Burleson's per
sistence in dodging the appointment of
a Republican and his final appoint
ment of a Democrat as postmaster of
Idaho City are typical of his methods.
The examinations he holds are a mere
blind to cover the transfer of the
spoils to the dominant party, even
though it be so insignificant an office
as that at Idaho City.
China has apologized to Japan and
saved herself a thrashing. Which
never would have occurred had Japan
adopted the peace-envoy, flag-of-truce,
grape-juice plan of diplomacy.
We suspect that Huerta is inspired
by an ambition to recruit American
gold rather than by any purpose of
pleasing the United States by a con-
Although the Huerta plans for
an election in Mexico are progressing
nicely, Zapata, Carranza, Orozco, Go
mez, et al. are yet to be heard from.
The man who raised the biggest
pumpkin or hog will not be more in
the spotlight at Salem this week than
the parents who show the best baby.
With six rides for a quarter we can
soon save enough for a touring car
and be independent of the streetcar
The truly wonderful thing about the
international aeronautic meet, how
ever, lies in the fact that no one was
killed or maimed.
They have caught a fish weighing
5000 pounds at Newport. That's the
one which got away from the fly fish
ermen, we imagine.
An Army Major-General urges a
regiment for each state. Wants to
keep our Army as a third-rate police
President Wilson went to a show
where the girls were scantily clad. No
doubt they sang that "would row"
A wealthy French baroness has
been robbed three times in a few
weeks. By the way, is the Baron hard
Patriotic songs must be sung in the
public schools. That's some antidote
for the kind usually sung in public.
The third Presidential candidate
has appeared in Mexico City. Soon
they'll all be in the race.
A New Tork man walked 6500 miles
to school. He needs IV
To the Eugenic Baby
By Dean Collins.
Hail, prize-winning infant, bemedalled
Not beauty, which fadeth, determined
But the system the clever eugenist de-
Which scores more for lungs than for
They measured ' thee well, and each
point was scored duly;
They tested thy frame with many a
And added the total and said: "This is
A bear of an infant the best of the
Oh, pride of thy parents, oh, perfectly
Scored up near a hundred, and
lauded In fame:
I fear for the futures though mostly
To think how you've got to live up
to your name.
You're starting out well, and the omens
are for you
In thus being launched and prepared
for life's race:
But still you will find, as the seasons
fly o'er you,
You've set for yourself, kid, a pretty
WOULD ELIMINATE ALL INTEREST
Socialist Insists Bible Term Tsury"
Means Any Loan Profit.
pnPTT.ivn Sent. 29. fTo the Ed
itor.) Were it not so serious a matter
It would be really amusing to note the
quack remedies given by different
writers on the high cost or living anu
th nion nf r-n.nneration. The analysis
given in the recent letter signed by
w. A. Reed runs tnus:
In any store there are four classes Inter
ested, the capitalist, the laborer, the pro
- jt v. nn mim or The capitalist is
entitled to interest on his money. The
laborer is entitled to wages lor nis laoor.
The producer Is entitled to the market price
. Tim ,-nnfliimer rjavs the
bills. He should pay for his purchases a
price wnicn mciuucn ui,
producer, the Interest paid the capitalist
and the wages paid the laborer.
This he is pleased to call a "square
Instead of four "classes" being rep
resented in this deal, we have but two
Via .gnitaiint anil thn lahorer. The
laborer, the producer and the consumer
are one. The capitalist, wnue Deing a
c-nsumer. is not a producer, neither is
he a laborer, as his capital money or
coin works, through the present sys
tem of laws, without his taking any
cognizance of it. Capital money adds
no necessary element to the transac
tion. The interest-taker is a capital
ist pure and simple, "gathering where
he had not strewed and reaping where
Via Via, nn anvn " TTnnn his elimina
tion society would a 'just Itself on a
co-operative Dasis ana una an eiiumu
rlum and poise that would forever set
, i ,v.1 . . - . .-I nnnotlnii
113 IIUJ V, ........ w ...
Capital, in money, is absolutely use
less In the plan of providing for the
necessities of life. There is not one
thing produced by labor but is entire-
1 t.J.nAn1an( nf TY1 n t V CRT) i tal.
There can be no "square deal1' so long
as capital, representea oy muuej,
,.ni-Aon t04 tn thA transaction.
Since Mr. Reed has mentioned the
"World's Christian Conference." ana
makes an appeal to holy writ to sup-
m-w Vita IritftY-ost" onntftTltion. let US
examine and find out what the Bible
says in tnis particular, ueuwronuuu,
23-19: "Thou Shalt not lend upon usury
(interest) to my orotnBr; usury ui
money, usury of victuals, usury of any
thing that is lent upon usury." See
Ex., 22-25; Neh., 6-10; Eze., 18-8, 13, 17;
There shall be on interest allowed.
t-.a-ab- natiwt fa nntvprsall v eon.
All L V- GOfa V. .J ... J 7 - -' ... ... - J
demned by the Bible. Let not the
reader be confounded wltn tne present
day capitalist construction of usury
as meaning excessive interest. The
Bible term was any kind of profit in
return for use or loan.
C. W. BARZEE.
STATE OF MAINE'S NEW WILD MAN
Speculations on Attempt of Artist to
Live Two Months In Woods.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
Joseph Knowles, of Boston, a painter
of wild life, on Tuesday enterea tne
unbroken forest on the shore of Big
Spencer Lake, in Maine, without cloth
ing, food or implements, there to sub
sist unaided in a state of nature for
two months. Arrangements have been
made to keep track of his whereabouts
and to go to his rescue It necessary.
Mr. Knowles desires to demonstrate
that man has not altogether lost his
primitive powers and that entire inde-
Dendence of civilization is possmie.
Water, air and food are the three
necessities of life. Clothing and shel
ter are merely comforts, unless cold
and storm make them necessities.
Water and air will be plenty and
pure in the Maine forests. Shelter of
various kinds a nut made or Dougns,
a hollow tree, a cave in the rocks, a
burrow in a hillside should be easily
secured. Clothing of skins Is not dim
cult to fashion provided Mr. Knowles
can kill the animals tnat wear tne
Mr. Knowles success, therefore, de
pends largely upon his ability to se
cure food. And his ability to secure
food depends upon his knowledge of
woodcraft and his physical prowess. It
is an old saying and a true'one that
a white man will starve where an In
dlan will live and grow fat.
The porcupine is about the only ani
mal of the wilderness that the average
white man, unaided by implement, is
able to capture and kill. But a man
skilled In trapping can snare rabbits
and partridges and other animals and
birds. Trout can be caught with the
bare hands and can be speared. Mush
rooms, various edible roots and berries
and nuts are easily -got If you know
As for fire presumably Mr. Knowles
can produce it by friction. Yet it is
not necessary a man can easily get
hungry enough to eat almost anything
raw and enjoy it.
So, provided Mr. Knowles knows the
game, there is no reason why he
should not live out his allotted two
months provided he has no bad luck.
And there's the rub. For Nature Is
pitiless and pardons no mistakes. Ana
accidents are mistakes in the wilder
Where a Man Is Careful.
A man will let you marry his daugh
ter when he doesn't know your mid
dle name. But if you give his dog a
bone he'll examine it carefully to
make sure there's no poison on it.
Criticism of an Oil Well.
Tommy Pop, an oil well is a gush
er, isn't it?
Tommy's Pop Yes, my son: also the
man who writes the prospectus
As He Pops the Question.
He Will you marry me?
She You would make a poor excuse
for a husband.
He Well, a poor excuse Is better
Right Thins; at the Right Time.
amicus Bjones always says the
right thing at the right time.
Cynicus Yes, he's one of the most
accomplished liars I know.
"Did you take in boarders this Sum
mer, Sam?''. "No, sir; they was on to
PARTY STATUS OF LA FOLLETTE
Tariff Vote Shows Him Xot to Be In Ac
cord With Republican Principles.
EUGENE, Sept. 28. (To the Editor.)
Your observations on the recent
action of Senator La Follette striKes
. .ni.n ar,A it la hard to under
stand how your comments were mis
construed by so many of the Senator's
admirers. The main question in this
ease is whether the tariff bill as passes
by the Senate was a Republican bill
or in accord with Republican principle.
If not, then La Follette or any other
man voting for it must consequently be
subject to doubt, as to his standing as
-ri TrAn.iiAan niotfomi nlninlv de
clares for duties high enough to meet
the difference m tne cost, oi pnui.""
between this and foreign countries.
Tho Wilnnn hill admittedly cuts under
this limit In many cases, in fact, is
said, by one autnority, to verge iuw.v.
tariff for revenue only. If, then. Sena
tor La Follette believes in protection
as he says, I can't see how be can be
consistent in voting for the bill.
n-i . if i tVio nnlv nnpstlon
lug laiiu la '
dividing the parties, but it is the one
or largest interest in poiinco hi.
present day, however the historical
views and tendencies have come down
and still divide the parties in their line
of thought and policy on National poll
tics. They are plainly distinct in spite
of statements of many latter-day poli
ticians of both the "practical" and
theoretical kind to the contrary. They
are separate organizations, having dif
ferent views and purposes in some
what a similar way that two nations
are different with different laws or
civilizations. In fact when the old
Democratic party, or ruling part of it,
bolted In the South in the '60s the at--..in
tn mnba n. niw nation, em
bodying the peculiar principles of the
Democratic party, as nem u; -"-trolling
element, which seems today as
v. i v,A D0iiiA st9 pvfT and whose
views and will are as all-powerful in
tvi nortv an in the old days. Whether
It will work to the country's detriment
i mnn..ntnli, timA in subject
11 tt 111 mat. in ... v. . - -
to question, but many have their doubts
and are on the anxious seat, iu
rr, niri oViIti has weathered it
through in the past in spite of war
and the macninations oi ioea unm w...i.-
i Jt lliMit a-nA Tn n v do SO SLSCSlIYI
but it is up to all true patriots of
both or all parties to thlnK caimiy ana
well over the issues before the country
and then decide which has been Its
best friend in the past or been the
most In line with its truest interests
ovninnmpnt and act ac
cordingly when it comes to voting at
the polls or anywnere eise.
WAIT FOR REAL PROHIBITION BILL
Measure to Abolish Use of Liquor, To-
f-- r.,rr. nnrl Meat on Way.
PORTLAND, Sept 26. (To the Edi
tor.) I am a prohibitionist, but a real
one. Persons who want to prohibit
only the drinking of alcoholic bever
ages, because alcohol is a poison, can
not be called genuine prohibitionists,
when there are so many other kinds
of poison that ought to be wiped out
of existence by legislation.
I do not drink any kind of alcohol
not even unfermented grapejulce be
cause, like the Mohammedans, I do not
wish to encourage the growth of the
grape, from which wine may be made.
You see, I am even more scrupulous
than the very scrupulous William J.
Bryan, who perversely sees no harm
in unfermented grapejulce.
Tobacco is also taboo with me in
every form. Like alcohol, it is a nar
cotic poison. Just so with coffe and
tea. I never touch either.
A cup of ordinary coffee, as chemical
analysis shows, contains two grains of
caffein. Any physician will tell you
that two grains of this poison is the
most that ought to be given in a medl.
cal dose for depressed heart action. A
cup of strong coffee contains as much
as four grains of caffein more than
a physician would dare give at one
time. Is it any wonder that coffee
drlnklng is responsible for thousands
of deaths yearly?
In the case of tea, chemical science
proves that it contains an active poi
son that taken regularly, even in mod
erate quantities, causes many thou
sands of persons to suffer from ill
health and die prematurely. I had a
brother who became a confirmed tea
toper and died of sclerosis of the liver.
Meat is another thing I religiously
abstain from eating. Cereals, nuts,
vegetables and fruit are my diet. I
can prove that this is the only moral
diet to follow. The great bacteriologist,
Elie Metchnlkoff, of the Pasteur In
stitue. has proved beyond all question
that meat eating causes and encour
ages the development of putrefactive
bacteria In the Intestines, and thus
brings about autointoxication, or food
drunkenness. These minute organisms
flourish by the million and produce a
poison that passes into the blood and
causes that incurable malady, Brighfs
disease of the kidneys, also hardening
of the arteries, heart trouble, apoplexy,
paralysis, senile decay and death. In
fact, there is hardly any limit to the
Ills that this putrefactive poison result
ing from meat-eating may not produce.
It is more deadly than even is alcohol.
Mustard, vinegar, pepper and other
spices have a well-recognized and most
harmful effect on the human system. I
avoid them like poison. In fact, they
all are forms of poison. Certainly they
are not foods. Just as little as alcohol
is a food.
Just now I am debating whether or
not to discard all woolen under and
outer garments and substitute cotton
or linen, not being able to afford silk.
A physician of prominence has declared
that woolen fabric interferes seriously
with the healthy action of tne pores of
the skin and causes poisons to be gen
erated in the system on account of in
sufficient throwing off of waste matter
by the skin. Woolen garments are,
therefore, a menace to health and ought
Now, in view of all the malign and
deadly effects flowing from the ter
ribly wicked ways of eating, drinking
and dressing, I and a few of my
hygienic friends are preparing to sub
mit an initiative measure to be put
before the voters of Oregon, prohibit
ing absolutely, not only the manufac
ture, sale or giving away of alcoholic
drinks, but also putting a complete em
bargo on the growing, making, prepar
ing, selling, giving away or using of
any and all forms of tobacco, coffee,
tea. pepper, vinegar, mustard, meat and
(most probably) woolen garments of
all kinds. We are doing this as real
prohibitionists, who refuse to compro
mise with the traffic In these poisons.
I affirm that I am not a fanatic,
but a most reasonable and public-spirited
citizen, who has the Incontrovert
ible facts of modern science behind
him to back up his arguments. We ex
pect all sincere, honest and consistent
prohibitionists to aid us In this most
mighty campaign for right living ever
undertaken. REAL PROHIBITIONIST.
How the End Will Come.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The professor of natural phenomena
had acquired a gasoline car.
"The day is coming," he said to his
class a few weeks later, "when the
tire will sag and punctures pierce the
Inner tube and the casing blister and
then this old earth of ours will have a
blowout that may shake the Dog star
from its kennel and hurl the Dipper
to kingdom come!"
Found to Be Friend In Need.
Buffalo (N. Y.) Express.
"Have - you found Blnks to be a
friend in need?" "Yes; he appears to
be in need most of the time."
A Full Course In College.
"Does your son intend to take a full
course In college?" "It looks that
way. His liquor bill for the first
month was over thirty dollars.".
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian of Sept. 80, 1863.
Commissions have been Issued by the
Governor to the following officers of
the Oregon Militia: Rufus Mallory,
Lieutenant-Colonel, Second Regiment,
Second Brigade; I. W. Case, Regimental
Adjutant on staff of Colonel Eli Stew
art, Second Regiment, Third Brigade;
John Teal, Surgeon; Charles S. Mills,
Company B, First Regiment, Second
Brigade: W. H. Joyce, First Lieuten
ant; William Young. Second Lieuten
ant: E. G. Randall, Captain, Company
C. First Regiment, Second Brigade;
S. A. Davis, -First Lieutenant; Mark
A. King, Second Lieutenant.
New York, Sept. 24. Meade's cav
alry and part of his infantry are on the
south side of the Eaplaan.
Chattanooga, Sept. 23. No attack
was made by the rebels, though one
was expected today. Our position has
been strengthened by additional works,
commanding the approaches from the
We are Indebted to the publisher,
Mr. S. J. McCormlck, for a copy of his
Almanac for Oregon, Washington and
Idaho territories for the year 1861.
We notice quite a number of specu
lators in our city engaged in packing
Winter apples. We are told that a
large lot is soon to be shipped to the
Sandwich Islands and China.
The thrilling play of "Love or the
Countess and the Serf" was performed
to a delighted audience by Mrs. Hayne,
Miss Mitchell and Mr. Waldron and
The following gentlemen have been
appointed enrolling officers by the pro
vost marshal: William Porter. Marion:
A. R. McConnell, Benton; Captain John
Smith, Linn; William Grant, Polk; P.
W. Gillette, Clatsop: C. H. Davidson,
Tillamook; Nathan Olney. Wasco; W.
H. Haley. Lane; C. W. Savage, Jack
son. Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of Sept. 80. 1888.
Pendleton. Or., Sept. 29. In a game
between the Wlllamettes and Stars to
day the score stood 6 to 4 in favor of
the Willamettes. Blanchard and Mor
gan were the battery for the Stars
and Jiggs Parrott and Turnbull for
Seattle, W. T Sept 29. The first
cable streetcar line ever operated in
Washington Territory was completed
and opened for public traffic today.
The road runs out Mill street and re
turns on Jackson street. Many prom
inent guests took part in the speech
making at the banquet, These in
cluded ex-Governor Watson C. Squire,
Colonel Gray, of California; Mayor
Moran and others.
Tomorrow night at the New Park
Theater Louis James and Marie Maln
wright will appears in a round of
legitimate drama, commencing with
"Othello" on Monday night.
It is well worth a trip to the Qulmby
House on a Saturday evening to see
J. W. Baird get on the West Side train
for his ranch, out beyond the summit.
The coming few weeks will be lively
ones for Portland. The Mechanics' Fair
will be in progress and all the Repub
lican clubs of the Btate are invited to
participate In the big Republican dem
onstration on October 12.
Messrs. Rogge and Storp, who have
bought three acres of ground about
two miles south of the city, propose
to erect thereon a large sawmill.
Origin of Tammany Hall.
ST. HELENS, Or., Sept. 29. (To the
Editor.) I would be very much In
debted to you If you would answer
in your "questions and answers" column
whether or not Tammany Hall was or
ganized by a man named Tammany, or,
if not, how It first originated.
J. H. PRICE.
Tammany Hall is an outgrowth ot
the Society of St- Tammany or Colum
bian Order founded by William Mooney,
an upholsterer, in 1789. The name was
taken from that of Chief Tammany or
Tamanend of the Delaware Indians.
The original object of the society was
to counteract any attempt to establish
an aristocratic centralized National
Where are the cooks of yesterday?
Those Jolly matrons that would take
"A pinch or this, "a dust" of that,
"Sweeten to taste" their tastes wor.
"Just flour enough for batter, dear":
And make the most goloptlous cake!
Where are the cooks of yesteryear.
Who used their "Judgment" not a rule?
Their toothsome cookies haunt us yet.
Their pies and doughnuts, too. you bet.
Were works of art I Alas, I fear
Those cooks can ne'er be made in school.
Going- Back to School.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
"I suppose you will be glad to go
back to school and see your dear
teacher?" said the patronizing old gen
tleman. The small boy looked worried.
"Why don't you answer?" "I xdon't
know how. Father says I must always
tell the truth and mother says 1 must
never hurt anybody's feelings."
Friday Is Bargain Day.
Friend This must be bargain day. I
never saw such a crowd in your store
Dry Goods Man I should say it is
bargain day. We are selling Homer's
"Iliad." in the original Greek, at SS.
George's Proposal ot Marriage.
George Cynthia, rather than remain
single, would you marry the biggest
fool on earth?
Cynthia Oh, George. This Is so
Punishing, Boston Fashion.
Little Girl Why did your mama
spank you? Boston Child Because she
is too untutored and ignorant to devise
a more modern reformatory method of
Nearly every legitimate endeavor
is advertised today.
Banks advertise, so do railroads,
and p u b 1 1 c - service corporations,
while political parties give their
arguments in the advertising col
umns. There should be at least one rep
resentative of every lln f busi
ness activity in the city advertising
in The Oregonian.
Do you conduct a business that is
not advertised at all?
If you do, the columns of The
Oregonian offer you a unique oppor
tunity. Readers of this newspaper really
want some information about your
Why are you not the first to tell
The advertising manager of The
Oregonian will be glad to talk this
over with you. Adv.