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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 30, 1913)
TIIK SIOKMAU OKEGtlJilAJf, SATLKUAT, AUGUST 30, 1913
FOB TL AND, ORKGOiC.
Entered at Portland. Oregon, Poatofflee aa
second -clams matter.
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PORTLAND. SATURDAY. AUGUST 86. W.
PREPARING TO ATTACK TBUSTS.
Attention has been so concentrated
on the Democratic policy with regard
to the tariff and the currency that the
anti-trust issue has dropped into the
background. It is practically certain
that, if Congress disposes of both tar
iff and currency at the extra session,
anti-trust legislation will be made the
principal business of the regular ses
sion. It is, therefore. Interesting to
' know from what standpoint the
Democracy will attack the trusts.
Some Idea. was given us of the charac
ter of the legislation which President
Wilson will recommend by the seven
bills, of which he procured' the pas
sage by the New Jersey Legislature.
The forces of monopoly doubtless will
oppose such bills with determination
and will defend great combinations on
the ground that they promote economy
In production. r
The Administration Is evidently pre
paring itself to meet Just such argu
ments. In the Commoner's review of
the -work now being done by the De-J
partment of Commerce, evidently
based on authoritative information,
there Is this passage:
The Bureau of Ctorporatlona Is reaching
out into a broad and deep study of the law
underlying industrial problems. It will try
to determine whether giant combination do
not violate ecoaomle laws ma well aa stat
ute laws, and aa to whether the profit
ought by promoters are not gained at a
double cost to the people, namely, first, the
cost of the promotion Itself, which la un
doubtedly imposed upon Industry. . but also
and perhaps more Important, a further
continuing cost In the bape of an exces
sively high price for production. Many
thoughtful men there ara who believe the
trust an economic mistake a well as a legal
wrong. An effort will be mad to find -out.
Thus the Administration will en
deavor to prove not only that trusts
are contrary ta law and condemned by
public sentiment, but that that public
'sentiment la Justified by political econ.
omy. It will meet the trasts on their
own ground and endeavor to prove
that the chief excuse made by .the
trusts for their existence economy in
production is without foundation
in fact. It will show that what Mr.
Perkins has lauded as recent economic
changes are uneconomic. That Is the
Inference to be drawn from Secretary
Redfleld's statement Chat, when a man
ufacturer rives tariff reduction as the
cause of wage reduction, he-will In
vestigate to ascertain whether the In
ability to make money is not due rath
er to overcapitalization. Inefficient
management or out-of-date plant. This
is in line with his business policy
He was schooled In efficient manage
ment by his employer and he has ap
plied that teaching in his own busi
ness. He regards high wages, a short
working day and welfare work as the
most enlightened economy. He be
lieves that with more Efficient ma
chinery, more economio . organization
and elimination of waste, -the Americ
an manufacturer can compete with the
foreigner in his own field and beat
In his own business he proved it by
going to Birmingham and Manchester
and taking orders under the noses of
the English manufacturers. ' He is
now undertaking to prove that trusts
are not economic, but wasteful pro
ducers; that they decrease rather than
increase efficiency. He aims to dem
onstrate that there Is no reason for
the existence' of - trusts except the
rapacity of their organisers. ,
This plan of Mr. Redfield's is the
working out in -practice of the ideas
expressed by President Wilson in "The
New Freedom." In his chapter on
"The Emancipation of Business." Mr.
Wilson says that in the readjustment
to be made the Democrats are going
to ask the monopolists "to match their
brains against the brains of those who
will then compete with them." He
proposes to remove "restrictions"
upon prosperity." He predicts that
when, by regulated competition, the
monopolists "are put upon their mettle,
they will have to economize, and they
cannot economize unless they get rid
of that water" In their stock, "or those
who don't, carry tanks will outrun
them in the race." He says monopoly
checks Invention because it has no in
centive to Improve: it prevents an In
ventor from getting capita to market
his Invention. He says monopoly has
standardized manufactured, products
and Is keeping them at a single point
of development and efflcience; .that
study of the "increase of the power to
produce in proportion to the cost of
production" has stopped, "because if
you don't have to improve your proc
esses in order to excel a competitor,
you can sit at your leisure."
Mr. Redfleld is collecting proof of
the statements made by Mr. Wilson,
and when Congress begins to legislate
against the trusts he may be .expected
to supply it with data which will put
monopoly on the defensive at every
point. It will be interesting then to
see how the Progressive party, which
advocates regulation Instead of disso
lution, will meet the attack.
There is an ancient constitutional
guaranty of the right of petition, but
obviously Secretary of the Treasury
McAdoo has never heard ct it. He
invites certain Portlard architects
into competition tor plans of the new
Postoffice building, and, after they
and other Intending competitors have
devoted some weeks of labor and con
siderable amounts of money In prep
aration for the contest, he notifies
them that the invitation is withdrawn.
It is an unfair, arbitrary, unwarrant
' The reasons for the summary exclu
sion of the Portland architects from
the competition is not known. It is
suspected, however, that those ven
turesome worthies have committed
something akin, to the crime of lese
majeste In asking for a personal in-
terview with the Secretary for the pur
pose of discussing the terms of the
competition. ' They had previously ac
cepted the programme as-arranged by
the Secretary, and It provided. In one
of its clauses, for certain possible mod.
ifications. It occurred to the temera-
rious architects that, by appeal to the
Secretary, -desired changes might be
procured. But they were mistaken!.
There are to be no alterations. What
the Secretary says goes, uncondlllon
ally, no matter whether the expert
advice of, informed men had been, or
should be solicited or not. and no mat
ter whether an express feature of the
contract 'was that changes might be
The Portland Postofflce bill explic
itly provides for competition by archi
tects. What kind of competition .does
the Secretary expect.to get If he chas
tises the best talent for- having Ideas
'of their own 7
KICKS VS. THE COLD ' SHOULDER..
"At the beginning of the pro
gramme." remarks the Pendleton East
Oregonian, "The Oregonian bemoaned
the harsh kick that John Llnd, would
receive from the boot of Huerta. But
Llnd was treated courteously and Hu
erta has been so thoroughly smoked
out that he must come down or fall
Thus we have the complex and
doubtful Mexican situation from the
viewpoint of undlscrlmlnatlng partisan
prejudice, with some incidental criti
cism of The Oregonian for remarks It
has not made. Confidential Agent Lind
was treated politely, but sneeringly;
and be was not kicked out of Mexico.
He had a here's-your-hat-what'a-your-
burry reception, and it is all acclaimed
from Pendleton as a great triumph of
Democratic diplomacy. The differ
ence between being cold-shouldered
out and directly thrown out seems
very Important to Chautauqua dip
The ultimate result in Mexico ought
to be the great object of our dlplo.
macy. If the consequence of our in
terference shall be merely the down
fall of the present Mexican regime
without the establishment of- stable
government and the improvement of
internal conditions, we shall have made
a sorry mess by our interference. If
it shall be toeput out Huerta and put
up a stronger ana oetter i-resiaent.
we shall have achieved a considerable
But w-e disclaim any responsibility
whatever for what is to happen after
Huerta.' The Mexicans are then to take
care of themselves. The task of pacif
ication is to be left to them. Mean
while we are warning all Americans
to leave Mexico in the evident expecta
tion that chaos Is to follow Huerta.
' GAO . BCXE.
Why should Senators ba expected to be
bound by th haaty decision of a secret
caucus m detalia of the Income tax? Why
should they ba expected to vote down every
amendment, however good, simply because
it come rrom trie otner aloe ox tne cnara
berT Why should the Income tax section not
ba amended her on tb floor of the .Senate
If debate convince Senators that It ahould
be 7 -
One. might suppose, from ' reading
this defiant and spirited vindication of
a Senator's light to .Vote his convic
tions, that It came from Senator Cham.'
berlaln, non-partisan and -Roosevelt
Democrat. It Is a resounding echo of
the famous speech.. of July 21. when
the Oregon Senator stood on his own
feet and told the Senate that no mas
ter's voice controlled him.
But the performance yesterday was
not. atasl a renewed challenge from
the bold and self-respecting Senator
from Oregon. It was the personal ut
terance of another Democratic Sena
tor. Mr. Hitchcock; and it will not be
expunged from the record.
There Is more of the Hitchcock as
sault on gag rule. "Caucus rule." he
says, "makes public debate In the Sen
ate farcical. Caucus rule kills the very
spirit of legislation. . N Now I
feel free to take another course.
Senator Hitchcock" blazes the trail
for the Senators who will not stand for
the steam 'roller. Let us see what
Senator Chamberlain and Senator
Lane, who have flooded the state "with
tears over the iniquities of Republican
machine rule, do about the Democratic
A SZXATOR WHO NEEDS WATCHIXO.
Believers In conservation of natural
resources have been alarmed by a
movement among some Democrats to
break down that policy and return to
the opposite policy of alienating' those
resources from, public control and sell
ing them outright towcorporations or
individuals to do with as they will.
Senator Myers, of Montana, who suc
ceeded the late Senator Johnston aa
chairman of the public lands commit
tee. Is the leader in this movement,
but he seems to have secured the co
operation of the Interior Department.
Mr. Myers did not -Jose any time
about showing his colors. In June he
had lntroduoed a joint resolution au
thorizing the Secretary of the Interior
to sell or lease a tract of coal land in
Montana to the Republic Coal Com
pany, a subsidiary .of the Milwaukle
Railroad, which furnishes all its out
put to that road. The very day after
his appointment as chairman Mr.
Myers- called he committee together
and secured adoption of a favorable
report with an amendment omitting
the words "or lease," thus authorizing
outright sale. . First Assistant Secre
tary of the Interior .Jones approved
the resolution, saying the public in
terests would be subserved by its pas
sage. The committee said in its re
Investigation "discloses that the said rail
way company haa no other feasible means
of obtaining a coal aupply for the operation
of Its trains across the state of Montana
and that the present small holding of coal
land of the Republlo Coal Company will be
exhausted In from six to twelve montha
. . Th mors cheeply and conveniently
that fuel can be furnished for that purpose
the more readily can said railroad company
compete with other lines of road and the
more reasonable may its transportation
charge be made.
This argument is so flimsy that It is
as transparent as an X-ray skirt. The
railroad company or its subsidiary
could mine the Voal as easily and as
cheaply under lease as under outright
ownership. Under the present system
of regulating railroad rates, the sav
ing to the public in lower rates result
ing from cheap fuel for the Milwaukee
road would be too Indirect, remote
and problematical "to deserve consid
eration. ... '
This is not Mr. Myers first offense
of the kindi .Last year he Introduced
a bill eliminating from Yellowstone
Park and granting to a mining com
pany about 3000 acres on the north
side of the park. Objection 'prevent
ed Its passage at that session, but Mr.
Myers has -reintroduced it at this ses
sion, omitting the name of the min
ing company, and may use his posi
tion 'at the head of the public lands
committee to report it.
Both these bills are vicious. They
are special legislation on a subject
which should .be treated - by general
laws. They propose to sell land which
enlightened- public opinion holds
should only be leased. The Oregonian
is as firmly opposed to the further sale
of coal, oil, gas and phosphate land
and waterppwer sites as it is to the
policy of stagnation brought about by
the PInchot policy. Such land should
be leased on terms so liberal as to en.
courage its development, but under
such restrictions as to prevent its be
ing monopolized or held Idle for spec-
ulatlon and to prevent the sale of the
product at excessive prices. - No re
served coal land should be released
until a general law has been passed
providing for its lease under royalty,
the surface, rights being reserved to
homesteaders. If exceptions are once
made, ' Congress- .will be flooded with
private land bills. Just as it has been
swamped, with private pension bills
until they have become a public scan
Congress will probably take up and
dispose of the whole subject of land
legislation at its next session. The
Milwaukee -.road can surely wait until
then for Its additional coal supply. The
Inconvenience and extra expense . It
will suffer will be as nothing in com
parison with what the Alaskans have
endured for several years. . It is bet
ter that a sound general policy shall
be maintained than that a single cor
poration shall be accommodated. Tne
maintenance of that policy requires a
close watch on Mr. Myers. ' '
THE HIGHWAY CONTENTION.
The convention of the Columbia
Highway Association to be held at
Gearhart Park tomorrow and Monday
should be attended by all those who
desire good roads or by their repre
sentatives and should materially ad
vance the cause of the highway aleng
the river. It will be held under ex
cellent auspices, which guarantee that
it will -bring tangible results.
The Increasing flow of Summer
travel from Portland and other Wil
lamette Valley cities to the Coast has
brought to the front the necessity of a
good road down the Columbia River to
the sea. - The lack of such a road
either down the river or through the
Coast Range has been a great obsta
cle to travel. Its construction, in con
junction with that of the road up the
Columbia, would be a notable achieve
ment and would promote travel In Ore
gon, both by residents of the state and
by visitors from outside. .
This is no scheme for the benefit of
pleasure-seekers alone. The towns
and settlers along the road would ben.
eflt even more, for their' means of
communication would be greatly im
proved and they would save much
both In time consumed on their Jour
neys and In cost of marketing their
produce. The beach resorts would gain
by increased travel: In fact, all would
gain and none lose by the construction
of a solid, permanent highway down
the Columbia to the sea.
OREGON'S EXPERT BIFLEMEN.
It speaks well for the Oregon Na
tional Guard that its expert rlne shots
beat out the infantrymen of the United
States Army on the rifle--range at
Cams Perry, Ohio. Not only that, but
the Oregon marksmen outshot every
National- Guard organization In the
United States in the National team
match and was only a few points be
hind the United -States Cavalry and the
Navy teams, which won first and sec
ond places, respectively.
This is all the more remarkable
when it is considered that the Oregon
citizen soldiers have far more limited
opportunities for development than1 the
regulars and than many of the other
state organizations. One Sunday each
week.durlng the Summer months is all
the time allotted to the guardsmen for
rifle practice, and those stationed in"
Portland are further held back by lack
of proper target facilities and inacces
sibility of the range at Clackamas Sta
tion. But the cool, steady nerve and
mastery, of the intricate science of
modern marksmanship of the Oregon
guardsman have risen above those ob.
stacles and scored a victory which
places the Oregon troops In an envia
ble light.- .
No test more severe for the skill of
riflemen can be devised than that to
which participants are subjected In the
National team match. Rapid fire at a
small target 200 yards distant, in
which the magazine must be emptied
in SO-seconds, is followed by firing at
long-distance. - It is when the rifle
man directs his bullet over a course of
1000 yards under adverse weather con
ditions that his skill is thoroughly
tried. But . the supreme test comes
with the skirmish run, and It was here
that the Oregon riflemen leaped from
far down the line Into third place. In
the skirmish run the firing" is begun at
800 yards and is continued by easy
stages down to 200 yards, volleys being
delivered at 600, 00, 400, 450, 300 and
ZOO yards. It is a test of the batUe
efflcience of riflemen. Battle sights are
used and every resource of the marks
man is called upon. It Is here that
many 'expert shots go to pieces, and
the fact that the Oregon guardsmen
won their victory in the skirmish run
renders it all the more notable.
By reason of this glorious victory the
Oregon riflemen will be a principal
topic of discussion in military circles
the world over for some time to come.
Having leaped from fifteenth to third
place this year, the Oregon National
Guard may be looked upon as formid
able contestants for first place in 1914.
A WONDEBErL SCHOOL.
The Bryn'Mawr president's plan for
an outdoor school is not approved by
everybody. The antls discern tlfe most
frightful perils In It to the home, the
family and the kitchen. After de
scribing the projected school one of
them shrieks frantically that "It will
totally unfit women ,for living in
houses." He is seriously afraid- that
so much open air will . make women
easy victims to tuberculosis, like the
educated Indians. He concedes that
it may make women good "Arctic ex
plorers, foresters and farmers." but of
what use will all that be since "the
superintendence of an Indoor kitchen
will surely fee abhorrent to them."
Miss Thomas, in her project, has no
ticed the wonderful progress which be
lated children make in their studies
when Ihey are put into outdoor schools,
studying and reciting in. the open air.
no matter what the weather mas he.
Like .Dr.--Montessorl, who was con
fronted with a 'similar phenomenon.
Dr. Thomas- made the natural inquiry.
If it benefits the weak-minded so
much, why should it not benefit the
normal-minded more?" Why'indeed?
Being an executive genius. President
Thomas has set about answering her
own question. She has planned a sev
en years' outdoor school for girls.
They will enter It at ten and leave at
seventeen. Four years of college will
follow and the pupil will thus be ready
for active work at twenty-one. It
would be a good thing if someoedy
Would arrange a similar course for
boys. The custom of leaving college
at twenty-five or thirty .years of age
is not to be commended.
But these fortunate girls are to make
astonishing progress. At -seventeen
they will read Latin, French and Ger
man at sight. 'They will have finished
their algebra and geometry and be
able to write good English, and, we
suppose, spell it, If President Thomas
can get results of this kin from out
door schools the sooner .we tear down
the schoolhouses the better for the
world.. If an outdoor school accom
plishes twice or three times as much
as the Indoor kind, why under the
sun go to the expense of building and
repairing schoolhouses? We cannot be
lieve that an outdoor life would make
the girls especially susceptible to tu
berculosis. It is the human beings
inhabiting dark, airless rooms who suf
fer most from that disease.
Experience shows ' that outdoor
dwellers rarely acquire It unless they
undergo great deprivations for a long
time. The Indians are hot in point
since their heredity is totally unlike
the whites'.. Even it outdoor schools
should unfitawomen for ballrooms and
theaters, the world blight possibly find
compensations. If houses .were ho
(longer needed we should save the cost
of building them and mignt spend tne
money on. Idiot asylums. The antls
should not, of course;- be. left-homeless:
If some women were unsulted
for superintendents of kitchens after
they graduaed from these schools
they might perhaps earn enough in
some other calling to hire substitutes.
Much the same objection has .been
made tr the ordinary college for men.
It unfits them to be stable boys.
Using the absence of the Governor
from a meeting of the Desert Land
Board as s. text. The Oregonian yester.
day said that "most of the business of
the state is carried on during the fre
quent absences of the Governor from
his post of duty at Salem," and it said
also that "if the Governor objects to
action by any state board during his
absence. Is it too much to suggest that
he personally attend the stated meet
ings?" The Governor now produces
the record to show that be has attend
ed the meetings of the Desert Land
Board one only "of the state boards
more frequently than any other mem
ber. , It is nqt surprising, since the ses
sions of this particular board are not
at fixed times, but are called usually
by the chairman the Governor at
his convenience. The. record of the
Governor's attendance at the other lm
portant state board meetings, and of
his 'personal presence in the executive
oflice, would be more to tne point.
rhorlas' ,T Tlnnanarts scolds New
OAnnhllmn. An th o-rminrl that
they opposed Henry L. Stimson and
Oscar S. Straus for Governor simpiy
because Colonel Roosevelt aupponec
thnu AnrlirlatM. That is an admis
sion that the Colonel's aid was a hin'
drance instead or a neip, which is n
much of a boost for the Colonel. . Tet
Mr. Bonaparte writes . as though he
were an aamirer ui . i . fvuuoc.o.w.
Vaudeville) not , the . clean article.
hut th VlrM that borders on the In
decent has much to answer for, and
It will have' more If It succeeds in get
ting Diggs and the Warrington girl to
do'a turn. There may be nothing In
the report from San Francisco that' an
offer has been made them. Tneir ap
KMnnrn Is extremely unlikely, how
ever. Their line of work cannot be
Lebanon' Is. a thriving city, but it has
too many newspapers, and T. L. Duj
ger, who made the Santlam News fa
Kv hi lMn -writinar. later selling
and then buying the Tribune at Leb-
onnn la tnnvllll VllS Dlant tO SWeCt
Home, which he will proceed to put on
the map. It s a wise old warnorse nt
knows Bis best pasture.
Th Tmiclni husband is a rare bird:
Mn.r.iiv l rmwn.uD "mamma's boy."
One got into publicity yesterday when
his wife was given a decree oy juugo
McGinn. His ofTense was in finding
fault with the cooking, which was edi.
fying to the magistrate, who has es
chewed food for most of a month.
a nf araneluice would now be
an acceptable present from oecrctary
Bryan to Emperor w imam, ana wneu
that h.v.rAfH la served at diplomatic
dinners given by the Secretary of State
the German Ambassador must loyauy
Avnrriinr to a Seattle jurist.' sup
port of family Is more important than
nmulrlnar a belated . college education.
The man who neglects his wife to go
to school frequently leaves ner aner
he has acquired additional poysh.
at x-i 9 ike Administration looked
for peace.. At J:U it looked less en
couraging, At 2:14 an immediate'so-
lution of tne Mexican oimtuaj m
certain. At" 2:15 It wasn't so certain.
Etc., ad lib. -
. . , r
All mtiKt acknowledge the superior
fns-enuitv nf the man who bossed the
Job of getUng the Imperator ready to
sail on time, with 2,000.000 gallons of
water poured into uer noia at tne nro
Thursday. ' ' "
Aitnn n Parker has been stune by
a hornet, but he may have enjoyed
th artaarimi. ao mild was it com Dared
with the unforgotteh stjpg Colonel
Roosevelt inflicted In 1904.
Only the cavalry and Navy have bet
ter rifle shooters than Oregon. ' The
Middle West, whose boys could hit a
squirrel in the eye. Is deteriorating.
. Undertakers will hold a convention.
No, anxious inquirer, the purpe
not to devise new methods of stimu
lating business. .
"'Artificial methods must be used to
keep parasites imported from the trop
les cool. Is It that hot in-California?
The wife of a candy dealer who is
suing for divorce charges that he was
too sweet on the candy girls. - -
Thaw's lawyers are fighting to keep
him in tfie Canadian Jail. That would
come easy for many lawyers. '
Sun Tat Sen" might - seek out the
Manchu Princes and swap experiences
of exile. - . '
An imposing peace palace having
been dedicated, now for another war.
" Dr. Brougher la back, with the "S.
R. O." sign in his-kttbag. -
Europe laugh up its sleeve at Wil
son diplomacy. " .
Bryan Is off again garnering shekels
for Winter.- .
WORKJIAN OJ COMPESSATIOX ACT.
Views of -Sir. Cassldr Are Opposed by
' "Genuine Working Man."
BRIDAL VEIL. Or, Aus. 28. (To th
Editor.) In a letter to- The Oregonian
of recent date. James Cassl-dy dis
cusses the Washington . Compensation
Act and points out that- under this
law industrial accidents in Washing
ton have Increased to an alarming ex
tent. He states plainly that this In
crease is due to the carelessness of
the employer, and goes on to say that
where an employer -pays a stated sum
for insurance of his workmen, after
paying such insurance, the employer
loses all Interest ,1n his employes be
cause no matter how many are in
jured or crippled, they are paid for
ana no loss or Harm can come to nim.
This, In short, is Mr. Caasidys sum
ming up of the Waablngton act.
Next he appeals to the voters of Ore
gon to vote down tbe Oregon Industrial
Insurance Law now under referendum
at the special election in November,
thereby preserving the present Oregon
employers: iiaonity Law.
Mr. Castldy'a letter sounds like
voice from the Inner sanctum of the
liability insurance companies, rein
forced by the sickening wail of the
ambulance chasing lawyers. In the first
place Mr. Cassidy knows that his letter
Is misleading as to facts; secondly he
knows that the Oregon- employers In
sure with the casualty insurance com
panics, pay a stated sum and there their
responsibility ceases. The Injured
workman. If he wants redress or com
pensation for his Injuries, must go to
the . court and fight , not only his
employer but the insurance company
Court records show that out of every
hundred suits Instituted in this manner
only 10 recover some damages. How
much such litigants have left after pay
ing their attorney, can easily be ascer
tallied by Mr. Cassidy by consulting the
report of the Oregon Insurance Com
At any rate the sum reaching th
injured person is less than 30 per
cent of 'all the money paid out as dam
ages by the -casualty Insurance com
panies. In other words, Mr. Cassidy la
willing that the maiming and killing
of the Oregon workman, free of charge
to the employer, shall . continue -in
order that the casualty companies and
the ambulance chasers may continue
I am at a loss to understand how Mi
Cassidy imagines that he can convinca
any sane working man or woman that
the present Oregon liability law Is
better than the Oregon Industrial In
surance law. because th only good
features of the employers liability law
are the precautionary features and
when it Is understood that these same
precautionary features will remain in
full force and be enforced by our
factory and labor commission inspec
tors under the industrial . insurance
law, then Mr. Cassidy will have to
search farther for a more plausible ex
cuse to misrepresent labor In order to
help his friend in the Insurance and
The most absurd part of Mr. Cassidy"
letter Is where he endeavors to show
that accidents in Washington have "in
creased under the Washington act.
There are absolutely no facts to base
that statement on. As a matter of
fact accidents have decreased but com
pensatlon for Injuries have increased
200 per cent. Prior to the passing of
the Washington act less than 20 per
cent of the Injured received compen
aatlon. Since that act came In force
jnore than 90 per cent have .received
compensation, and In addition all ac
cidents are reported now, even if only
a bruise that may Incapacitate a per
son for three days, where as prior to
the act nothing short of broken bones
would be reported and recorded as an
These facts are known to Mr. Cassidy,
hence he la not apt to change his
present tactics, but there is one great
factor that he and his cohorts cannot
overcome, namely that the Oregon law
provide $260 first aid In any one case
and pays 30 -per cent more compensa
tion than the Washington act. - Last
but not least Oregon workingmen and
women know all about the Oregon
liability law. It has sent many, to
the poor house, others to the orphan
asylum. It has broken up homes and
families too numerous to mention.
Hence they can be depended upon to
vote right when the time comes without
any advice from the casualty Insur
ance companies and ambulance chasers
and will most likely consider Mr. Cas
sidy the publicity agent of the above
mentioned. Try some other scheme, Mr.
Cassidy. The working men and women
of Oregon don't need you lor a guiding
angeL Experience is a great teacher.
They have had the experience and will
A genuine working man.
EVANGELICAL BODIES DEFENDED.
Enatene Pastor Tells Why Fellowship
- - In Not Practiced.
EUGENE. Or Aug. 28. (To the Edi
tor.) In your editorial entitled "Coun
try Churches," you say, among other
things, that the Unitarian and Lnlver
salist Churches are in a .sense "perse
cuted" by the evangelical bodies be
cause tney oo not aarau mem to tei-
lowshlo. and state that " these two
churches cherish a feeling of Injustice.
Now why this should be so is not
quite clear to me. They have chosen
to take their present position. This
makes harmony impossible, for if what
they hold to be true la true, then the po
sition of tbe evangelical bodies Is false
and vice yersa. We refuse them fel
lowship because there is none, and we,
at least, do not wish to be a party to
a deception practiced upon the union
formed, nor pretend to a harmony that
has no existence In fact.
Why should these dear people har
bor a sense of Injustice over the fact
that we of the orthodox churches do not
wish to act a lie; or stultify our con
science by even pretending to believe
what we do not. We believe most rev
erently and profoundly that the Bible
is a revelation from uod, tne creator.
They do not; that is, one of these
churches does not. We worship Jesus
Christ as God, the redeemer, of man
kind, made effective by the faith and
obedience of the Individual, thus hold
ing to personal responsibility and ac
countability. These churches do not. - we do not
hate, hence cannot persecute these
dear people, but we Deiieve tnem to oe
In fatal error and cannot even seem
ingly lend ourselves td Indorsement of
their errors, leat we deny the Lord that
bought us. The charge of persecution
has in this case no more foundation
than it would against a Portland bank
that refused to lend Itself to the circu
lation of counterfeit money.
Now, as to the Ignorance of tne evan
gelical clergy, I am quite sure that for
the most part they know as much about
the-subject of religion as does the, let
us say. ordinary editor who undertakes
to write upon the subject, and quite
as broad-minded, for there Is a typo
of so-called liberalism that is so nar
row that It also should cut the truth.
All the evangelical- bodies have
courses of studies of from six to 10
years and covering a wide range of
subjects, which must be completed be
fore ordination to the regular minis
try may be had. These men have made
records of suocess under circumstances
of the most exacting and trying char
acter, and are as broad-minded as
fidelity to God and erutn will warrant.
I hope the editor will not fall 'into th
error of thinking that because a min
ister ' cannot Indorse every fad ' and
fancy of his day that, therefore, he is
a fool or an ignorant bigot.
i v. a. J1.FF.
One Consols tiam, Anywsy.
We have much to be thankful for,
than there are so many otner
things to think about.
DISTILLED LiarORS DANGEROUS.
Elimination f Llqaar Evil Not lmso
- nlble Say Profeaaar Coe.
McMINNVXLLK. Or., Auk.. IT. (To
the. Editor.) In answer to the com
munication . of Mr. Coovert, tn, Th
Oregonian August 15. regarding liquor:
Strong men and nations do not cry
for easy things to Co, and often the
difficult task lends added incentive to
strenuous and -'determined effort. Mr.
Coovert says. -"It can't be done." Does
he sot yet realise that the impossible
la happening every day? It was only
laat week or the week before that- men
were saying we can't have automobiles,
arid only yesterday or the day before
that flying was Included among the
things that "can't be done." The man
who cries "It can't be done" will find
some one of greater faith and courage
who will rise and do It before break
fast some fine morning. "It can't be
done" usually is the whine of the Ig
norant, the Incompetent, the pessimist.
I am surprised that Mr. Coovert should
use such a phrase, .
Mr. Coovert speaks of "uncompro
mising principle" aa a thing of con
tempt. Has It not been brought home
to him that "uncompromising principle"
Is what gave us American independ
ence, andi what his made for the
only real progress In affairs of state
and Nation all these years? The molly
coddle, the man who shows always the
way the political wind blows, has never
and will .never he a strength to the
Government nor to the community. I
thank Mr. Coovert for his high esti
mate and his recommendation. ' -
He Is right "It is a condition and
Lnot a theory that confronts us." The
tneory nas neen control tne liquor
trafflo and we will avoid the evils and
finally kill the criminal. " Tbe liquor
trafflo In pee capita consumption haa
grown to four times the sise-lt-was
when we began to regulate. It is time
the theory were abandoned and. the
condition made the basis of a new
theory, and absolute prohibition is the
only plan that has not been tried.
Burke is reported as saying "The Amer
ican people will never try - the right
solution to a problem until every wrong
way haa been tried," It is about time,
according to that, to try prohibition.-
According to the best records I can
find both the beer industry and the
distilling Interests require 310,000 of
.Invested capital to employ one wage
'earner, so that the proportion of capi
tal Invested to labor employed Is the
same in each. other manufactures
engage four wage earners for the same-
Th aceuracy of my statement' that
distilled liquors constitute less than
one-fifteenth of the total 'amount of
alcoholic drinks Is questioned. - The
figures for 1811 are as follows: -
Distilled liquors 18S,JS5.tS9
U'lnM 2.8.ia.2.'2: beer. 1 OAS.-
SI 1.74-; total light drinks... 2.029.770.ST8
By these figures it will be seen that
distilled liquors are less than one-Bf
teenth of the lighter drinks and only
one-sixteenth of the total consumption.
Nowhere did I say that the evil ef
fects of the lighter drinks are equal
to the evil effects of distilled liquors,
but since Mr. Coovert says I did, I will
say so now. For this reason the total
amount of absolute alcohol consumed
In the lighter drinks Is far in excess
of the amount consumed in distilled
liquors, as will be seen from the fol
lowing: , . f-
Spirit at 40 per cent absolute al-
- cohol .
Wines at 10 per cent. s.SOO.WO
gallons; beer at 3 per cent.
? - 85.800.000
Cutting off distilled liquors, there
fore, would cut off only 46 per cent of
the absolute alcohol, and who shall say
that the users of distilled liquors will
not secure their usual -quota of alcohol
in other waysf vl doubt if cutting oft
spirits will result In diminishing the
use of alcohol 1 per cent.
Mr. Coovert touches the heart of the
whole -matter when he saya that "Con
gress will -not -consent to lop off the
revenue. There the whole matter lies.
Had It not been' for entrenchment be
hind the revenue the liquor - traffic
would have been, killed off long ago.
The revenue Is only 31 In 320 of what
the trafflo costs the Nation in dollars
and cents, but because that 31 comes
in a lump to the treasury it blinds the
eves to the 320.
The Government will expend a large
portion of 5220.000,000 to fight disease,
files and fruit pests, but still holds to
its -revenue, which is responsible for
more disease, death, infanticide, mur
der and debauchery than all other
causes. Is National purity- and -man
hood and womanhood too dear at 1220.-
000.000 to make it worth while for us
to orotect them: not - by paying out
money, but by-efuslng to receive oiooa
money from the murder, tne wnite
slaver and the criminal? Ferlsh the
Let Mr, Coovert strike one worn,
distilled." from the Works amendment
and I am with him from start to finish.
Tours truly, r CL'BTIS P. COE.
. Origin of Tekon."
PORTLAND. Aug. - 28. (To the Edl
tor.) We notice in The Oregonian
Wednesday that your correspondent
who Is traveling in the Palouse country
was in dreadful travaU over the deriva
tion, signification and pronunciation of
Tekoa, the name of tbe vigorous little
city he was describing, lie said that
some of the - Tekoans were of the
opinion that It Is a Biblical name, but
that further Information he could not
get on tbe subject.
To answer his query In order that
his agony may not be prolonged, . as
well, perhaps, as for tbe Information of
many Falousera themselves. It may be
stated that the name Is Biblical and
may be found In Amos 1:1. It evidently
was a village in Palestine, in a pastoral
district, probably at the border of the
hills or mountains, as is the Washing
ton city, but was peopled largely by
herdmen. The pronunciation as given
In the ordinary Bagster Bible divides
it Into three syllables with tbe accent
on the second, thereby differing from
the usage In our neighboring state,
where, as your reporter saya the word
is pronounced plain Te-ko. with the ac
cent on the first. How this difference
csn be adjusted it Is hard to tell unless
the Bible lexicographers come West and
learn how it is pronounced. C C H.
Another Stranaje Mixture.
Popular Magazine. ,
The best people in Dark Hollow had
Just begun to sit up and take notice
of tbe fact that along the Great White
Way and in other targe centers there
was such a thing as tbe turkey trot.
The Martin family," however, living on
the far outskirts of the Hollow, had
not Tieard of tnia peculiar -and seduc
T see," said Mrs. .Martin, "by the
Dark Hollow Weekly Struggle that a
lot of chickens In Chicago are turkey
trotting. - , , .
Shucks!" said Mr. Martin, with In
effable disdain. "That's just another
mistake in one of those bulletins 'that
the dinged, crazy Department of Agri
culture send out. Thejrre always try-
ma- to tell us farmers something that's
absolutely contrary to nature."
English Over the Telephone.
- Chicago. Tribune. '--"Hello!
"Sur. . .811. ain't ltT" - . r '
"Betcherlifel Whenja gitbackt"
"Uh-huh." - .
"Mishgun: Jevver goT" -"Jawanyfun?"
"Uh-huh. Lota Wener yuh cummin-
"Srlte! Well, along."
"Slong.". . '
Half a Century Ago
From Th Oregonian of Anguat XI. lies.
Tbe sixth annual fair of tb Lina
County . Agricultural Society win be
held at Boston on Wednesday aa
Thursday next. - - ,
Fortress ', Monr'oe. Aug. 24. Dis
patches came from - Charleston to the
Twenty-Second. The fire of the Fed
eral land batteries has been kept up
on Sumpter, and more guns have been
disabled. . General Gllmore's demand
for the surrender of Sumpter and Mor
ris Island, with the threat to shell
Charleston In four hours from the de
livery of -papers at Wagner, was re
ceived and returned " this morning.
Beauregard 1n reply charges inhuman
ity and the violation of the laws of war
and -threatens vigorous retaliation.
Stephenson, Ala.,- Aug. 22. The ad
vance of the Army of the Cumberland
was' before Chattanooga, August 21, and
opened fire on the city. Our fire was
very destructive and every battery
which opened fire on us was silenced or
Leavenworth, Aug. 23. The killed in
Quantrell's raid on Lawrence will total
180, the majority of whom were kil'.ed
Instantly.' The- houses that remain
standing 'are filled With killed ard
wounded. A number who made co
resistance were shot.
It is proposed to form another steam
boat company for the navigation of the
Columbia River. -
. The stage last evening came in at
4 o'clock, 15 hours ahead of schedule
time. The time from the White House
to this clty.slx mile, was Si minute.
The 'first oysters of the aeason ar
rived on the Couch on Saturday even
ing from Shoalwater Bay.
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of August 31. 1SS3.
Cle-Elum. W. T Aug. 29. Governor
Semple. Attorney-General Metcalfe, In
ternal Revenue Collector Gwin Hicks.
Prosecuting Attorney Snively and
(Sheriff Packwood went to Roslyn this
afternoon and endeavored to settle the
trouble at the mines.
The board oft-egents of the Agricul
tural CMlege at Corvallis yesterday
completed the selection of the faculty.
The president. B. L. Arnold, has been
re-elected. Other members are: Pro
fessors E. Grim. W. M. Bristow. L, D.
Letcher. W. N. Hull. E. R. Lake, D.
Herbert . Irish. - ' ,
Work has begun on the eastern ex
tension of the Corvallis & Eastern
Yesterday afternoon the reservoir
of the Alblna Water Company. Just
finished, on Russell street in that town
collapsed and fell. The timbers were
ground and crushed into splinters and
then scattered over nyre than an acre
L, T. Barin, chairman of the Repub
lican state central committee, was
yesterday presented with a handsome
gold-heade.cane by Judge F, A, Moore,
Senator-elect from Columbia, Tilla
mook and Washington Counties, on be
.half of the Republicans of Columbia.
County. - ,
Theodore Barber, chief clerk to the
lighthouse inspector, returned yester
day from his vacation on the shore
of Lake Osoyoos in Okanogan County,
W. T, .
Deputy United States Marshal Fur
nish yesterday brought down from Pen
dleton Rube Wllllama
Work Is beins- eushed with vigor on
the exposition building, which will be
finished by October 1. i -
JOSepn IV. 171 IIU11CI, ruuruo ......
L; R. Stockwedl will present at th ,
new Park Theater next Tuesday "The
World Against Her." . - '
Our Advice to Mexico.
PORTLAND. Aus. 28. (To the Edi
tor.) President Wilson does not
recognize Huerta. Still he sends an
envoy to him to tell him what he"
.Huerta, shall do. ' President Wilson
also sends "instructions" to Mexico to,
the effect that Huerta shall not be a
candidate at the next elections.
How would It look to -the people of
United States if Huerta were to in
struct them at this time not to accept
the candidacy of President Wilson or
Mr. Taft at the next Presidential elec
-" "Area Yoo Going," Correct.
- PORTLAND, Aug. 28. (To the Ed
itor.) A asserts that the phrase
"aren't you going" la incorrect and is
not good English. B maintains that
"aren't you going" is equally correct
(with "are you not going, and is less
stilted in ordinary conversation.
Will you please give us your Idea of
the matter through the columns f The
Oregonian and oblige. , - H.,W. .
"Aren't you going" Is In goo?l use.
Special Features of the
Labor, a Giant How machinery
has brought enormous increase in
productive power Two men are
now able to grow wheat to supply
over 1000 with bread. A valuable
Manuel and Trig Heiress There
is eomedy in this royal romance at
which all Europe is laughing. A
diverting letter from a Dresden
correspondent, illustrated with new
photos of the young couple.
Writing Plays Ten thousand
nrm are busv writ in? them. Rich
ard Spill ane presents an interest
ing illustrated page on plays, their
writers, successes and failures.
Police. Politics and Vice Theo
dore Roosevelt asks "Can police
men be honest V Another chapter
in his autobiography. It tells or his
work as Police Commissioner in
New York City. v
Flirtations WTiy some are right
and some are wrong is gone into in
an attractive article by Rita Reese.
In Praise of Marriage A short
story, illustrated, by Federick A.
Anto-Houseboats A brand new
and novel arrangement has been
perfected by a clever Chicogo pro
fessional man whereby houseboats
may be propelled from place to
place A page in colors.
: The New Weather Man Charles
F. Marvin tells of weather bureau
methods and. aims.
, Love a Cause of Trouble Cupid,
savs a learned professor, is really
at the bottom of our economic evils
and is the progenitor of capitalism.
Scores of other attractive fea
tures Cider today of your news