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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGOXIAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 21, 1913.
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lt)KTI-AM). THTBSDAY.' AUGUST tl. 1913
GOOD NEWS FOB OREGON.
Not only Umatilla County, which is
to bo directly benefited, but the whole
of Oregon, Is to be congratulated on.
the decision of Secretary Lane to pro
ceed with the West Umatilla reclama
tion project. The end of the seem
ingly endless waiting through repeat
ed delays is cause for rejoicing, but
the Secretary's action is most impor
tant as an earnest of his purpose to
repair the wrong done in diverting to
other states the bulk of the funds de
rived from eales of Oregon land. He
admits this wrong and promises to see
that hereafter Oregon gets a square
The announced purpose to compel
big land owners, whose holdings are
reclaimed by the Government, to di
vide them into small tracts and sell
them at reasonable prices will receive
the hearty approval of the people of
this state. Oregon has suffered griev
ously by the withholding from sale
and cultivation "of great bodies of the
state's area. To this fact is due large
ly the alow pace at which this state
developed until recent years, while
neighboring states of no greater fer
tility have far outstripped her in
wealth and population. It is cause for
congratulation that these greaj; land
lords are now letting go, but it is still
more cause for Joy that the Govern
ment will use its power and influence
to prevent this land from falling into
the hands of speculatqrs and to place
It in the hands of actual cultivators
of the soil.
The policy outlined by Mr. Lane and
w;iich he has put in operation in the
tTmatilla Valley is the policy which
Oregon has long but vainly sought to
have adopted at Washington. It is
the policy which might be expected of
a Western man with Western Ideas
and who looks at affairs from the hu
man point of view. It will win.
FREE PCGAK IS ASSURED.
Adoption by" the Senate of the free
sugar provision of the tariff bill fore
shadows the final passage of that
measure In substantially the shape in
which it was reported to the Senate.
The defection from the Democratic
Tanks is limited to the two Louisiana
Senators, Democrats -who represent
, 'beet-growing states having fallen in
line with the Administration. As it
has been with sugar, so will it be with
wool. Senators from wool-growing
states have been coaxed or driven into
line. Senator Chamberlain having evi
dently promised to "be good" after
his outburst at opposition, and Sena
tor Walsh having surrendered at dis
cretion, though wool is one of the
principal products of Montana.
Under the new tariff the present
duties on sugar are to be reduced 25
per cent on March 1, 1914, and sugar
is to be imported free of duty from
May 1, 1916. This is one meritorious
provision of the bill. It will reduce
the price of sugar, a prime necessary
of life, by almost exactly the amount
of reduction in the duty. It may kill
the cane sugar industry of Louisiana,
but that Industry is an exotic in the
United States, maintained by taxing all
the people on all the sugar they con
sume, though it produced in 1913 only
.073 per cent of the total consumption.
The land devoted to growing sugar
cane is better adapted to other crops..
Maintenance of the cane sugar indus
try, therefore, constitutes a double
economic waste, for it Imposes a bur
densome tax on the one hand and pre
vents land from being applied to its
best use on the other.
Beet sugar producers also complain
that their industry will be destroyed
by free sugar, but the facts do not
bear them out. Beets enrich the soil
and the beet pulp Is valuable as cattle
food. It is therefore to the advantage
of the farmer to grow them if he can
get any reasonable price for the sugar
contents. The cry for protection comes
chiefly from beet sugar refiners, on
the plea that they are developing a
home supply of sugar, but. after six
teen years of pampering, their indus
try Is able to supply only a little over
one-seventh of the home consumption.
Their companies are enormously over
capitalized, pay exorbitant dividends
and do not share the benefits of pro
tection with the beetgrowers, for they
pay even less for beets than German
refiners pay. The beet sugar industry
can live without protection, and that
policy has failed after fair trial to
develop It to the point where it can
approach supplying our needs. The
burden of Its maintenance Is out of
all proportion to the benefits which
accrue to the American people.
In the last quarter of a century the
two parties have reversed their posi
tion on the sugar tariff. The Repub
licans in 1S90 put sugar on the free
list in the McKinley tariff. The Dem
ocrats In 1S94 restored the duty in
the Wilson tariff. The Republicans
changed front in 1897 and raised the
duty. They continued this policy in
1909, but in that year the Democrats
changed front and advocated free sug
ar. In this instance the Democrats
have adopted a sound Republican pol.
icy and the Republicans have aban
doned it for the unsound policy which
the Democrats have renounced.
Free sugar will be of great advan
tage to Oregon and the other Pacific
Coast states. It will aid the growth of
the canning Industry, which will fur
nish a market for the surplus fruit
and will thus benefit the fruitgrower.
It will also aid the dairy Industry, for
it will cheapen and thereby popularize
condensed milk, in which much sugar
It is all very well for President Wil
aon to say to New York, "Physician,
heal thyself." But If the physician has
tried and failed, ought not somebody
to help him a little? New York has
been trying to govern Itself for a long
time and makes a worse failure every
year. It outside direction is good for
the semi-barbarous Filipinos, why not
for the wholly barbarous Tammany
ites? Would it not be a good plan to
place New York under tutelage until
the people can prove that they are fit
. WITH STATE AID.
Various considerations make 'the
proposed Columbia bridge a project
worthy the approval of Multnomah
County. It is not a local scheme, but
a great interstate enterprise. Clarke
County, Washington, has voted $500,
000 in bonds, and has thus gone the
limit of its resources. Multnomah
County will be asked for $1,250,000"
$750,000 for the structure proper and
$500,000 for the approaches.
The tax on each person in Multno
mah will be one-fifteenth the tax on
the Clarke County man or woman, so
that the apparent disproportion may
be neglected, so far as the Oregon end
of the plan is concerned. In other
words, where your Portland man pays
one cent to the construction of the
bridge, your Clarke County resident
pays fifteen cents.
But the Multnomah resident will
not even pay his one-fifteenth at this
time. Under the enabling act of the
Legislature for interstate bridges, the
county Is to issue the bonds and
eventually pay the principal twenty
or thirty years hence but the state
pays the interest. Thus the fixed in
terest charge is assumed by the whole
state and not by the county. The tax
payer in Multnomah therefore pays
his proportion of the state taxes; that
It is an economical proposition for
Multnomah County. A great interstate
bridge is built, and the County of Mult
nomah lends its credit to pay its share,
and the state pays the Interest.
MAXIM GORKY'S BREAKDOWN.
News from Rome that Maxim Gorky
has suffered a serious nervous break
down is not surprising. He must be
a man of remarkable strength to have
escaped that fate so long, for he has
long been a nervous, depressed and
highly miserable individual. The se
vere nervous breakdown, while the
causes are not outlined In the dis
patches, undoubtedly have grown out
of his wretched viewpoint of life. It
is the usual fate of men of his type.
They see life through blue goggles for
so many years that depression becomes
a habit and there is no. wholesome
nourishment for the mind.
Gorky's "Foma Cordyeeff gives us
all the insight into his unfortunate
mentality that is needed to understand
his present unhappy lot. It is suffi
cient basis for a diagnosis. This work.
thoroughly characteristic of Gorky, is
bitter tragedy from cover to cover. In
the character delineation which serves
Gorky in place of a plot, the pessimis
tic Russian displays an extreme mor
bidity. His character, Cordyeeff, goes
through chapter after chapter com
plaining at life, wondering what life
is all about and why it is. He finds
the world a wretched place and life a
hollow mockery. Foma seizes upon
everything that is morbid and un
wholesome and nourishes it into a
blue phantom that chases away every
little ray of sunshine.
If Foma Cordyeeff is true to life.
at least his delineation should be left
to the realms of pathology. He is not
a normal, rational human being, and
the thoroughness with which Gorky
pries about in Foma's inner soul must
Indicate that the inspiration and col
orings come from Gorky's own soul.
So with Gorky's other works. He
serves up on his literary menu the
bitter dregs from the cup of discon
tent. He regales us with characters
we could relish outside the clinic. They
belong to the sanitarium, to the realm
of the psychoneuroses.
Dealing in such emotions la a dan
gerous business. It emphasizes and In
trenches a predisposition to morbidity.
Fed with brooding and unwholesome
thoughts, the mind spreads the virus
to the body, and the nervous system
is the worst sufferer. Only in the
wholesome and optimistic viewpoint
Is happiness and contentment to be
found. The man who goes through life
seeing only its faults and drawbacks
not only will be immensely miserable,
but he cannot escape serious conse
quences in the end. Nature eventually
goes into violent rebellion. The ner
vous breakdown is not the extreme
penalty. Often violent madness en
sues, as in the case of that dean of
pessimists and cynics. Swift.
There is but one antidote cheerful
ness. The sufferer from a severe ner
vous breakdown may find permanent
recovery only in re-education, which
implies different habits of living and
thought. If Gorky recovers, it will
be only in event that he is able to
remove the blue goggles that have
poisoned his soul and shattered his
health with the Insidious poison of un-
CHANCES OF CURRENCY REFORM.
Democratic opposition to the Ad
ministration currency bill in the Sen
ate threatens to put the whole sub
ject up In the air. Only practical
unanimity among the majority party
and forbearance from long-winded
speeches on the part of the minority
can bring action at the extra session.
A divided minority would hold long
committee meetings to revise the bill
and reconcile differences. The bill
as revised may not win the support
of those Republicans who purposed to
vote for the Administration measure.
Long debate In the Senate would re
sult, and after tile bill had passed
thefe would be long conferences to
adjust differences between Senate and
The expedient of a temporary meas
ure to tide us over until Congress had
threshed out the whole subject at the
regular session would be most unsat
isfactory, as are all makeshifts. The
Aldrlch-Vreeland act is a makeshift,
and none of the currency It authorizes
has ever been Issued. It served only
to postpone adoption of a complete
system of banking and currency. An
other temporary measure would prob
ably prove as ineffective. Insofar as
it proved effective, it would delay
final solution of the problem, for those
who shrink from the task would say:
"Let well enough alone."
The skill shown by President Wilson
In Inducing his party to act as a unit
on the tariff will be taxed to secure
like unanimity on the currency bill
and to drive it through Congress at
this session. .The party had to stand
or fall before the people on its tariff
record, having made revision the main
issue of the campaign in which it won
control of the Government. It is not
pledged as strictly to currency reform,
and the radical differences of opinion
within its ranks are an obstacle to
bringing it together on fulfilment of
its promises. Hence the members of
Congress have not as strong a motive
for bowing to the will of the President
as governed them in the case of the
tariff. Some of them are so opinion
ated as not to be disposed to yield for
the sake .of party harmony. Then,
too, a disposition to chafe at the bit
of one-man control will naturally
If the President should secure en
actment of a currency bill at this ses
sion he will demonstrate an ability to
mold "Congress to his will . which has
not been excelled by any of his prede
cessors for many years past.
Fond fathers from the day of Adam
have been committing serious error.
They have been exercising a mistaken
virtue in walking the floor of nights
in order to soothe the restless mite of
humanity which is so strangely en
dowed with sixty-horsepower lung ca
pacity. Not only have they been de
priving themselves of ' needless sleep
in the interest of domestic peace and
tranquillity, but they have been doing
the rising generations incalculable
harm. It has remained to the Infant
experts of the Children's Hospital at
Philadelphia to uncover this important
fact, but, now that the mistake is dis
covered .by prying medical science. It
must be corrected at once.
Baby's disposition is the issue. Odd
as it may seem, baby's disposition is
simply ruined by these midnight mara
thons. Although domestic joy-riding
In fqnd papa's arms allays baby's ef
forts to reach high C and hold that
difficult note indefinitely, the process
adds intensity to the tiny despot's
tyranny. Traveling by night event
ually becomes a habit and, in addition,
the diminutive ruler of the household
becomes more and more unreasonable
In his demands. In these democratic
days it is 'not well that any human
being should exercise such absolute do
minion over the fathers and mothers
of the country.
Just what the Philadelphia experts
jrill offer us as a substitute isn't re
vealed. The curative measures. In
fact, are still in a formative and ex
perimental stage. One suggestion is
that baby be permitted to have out
his cry. That Is a pretty remedy, the
oretically considered. But when any
one of experience considers the tireless
lung energy, the treatment doesn't ap
pear especially attractive. A petulant
or irritated Infant airing its protests
against the world is the nearest ap
proach to perpetual motion yet
achieved. After the Philadelphia in
vestigators have experimented a little
further with the problem we predict
that they will announce gagging and
anaesthesia as the only efficacious
substitutes for the time-honored prac
tice of floor-walking.
OUR NEGLECT OF BEAUTY.
A writer in the September Smart Set
takes the American people severely to
task for their neglect of the fine arts.
He accuses the Nation of forgetting
its literary men. ignoring its musicians
and painters and living In badly de
signed houses furnished with hideous
carpets and unsightly pictures.
He admits without pleasure that we
have showered honors and . erected
statues to second-rate politicians and
Inconspicuous soldiers. Every public
square grins horribly with them, but
Baltimore has no street named after
Poe. Our public libraries keep Whit
man's poems under lock and key. No
body ever drtams of erecting a monu
ment to Emerson or Mark Twain.
There are dozens of memorials to Gen
erals who fought in the War of 1812,
but none, says our author, to the man
who wrote "The Star Spangled Ban
ner," which sings the spirit of that
war in fairly respectable poetry. "No
artist, purely as such, has ever evoked
any manifestation of general respect
in the United States." In these words
our somewhat sour critic sums up his
We went mad over Jenny LInd, not
at all for her artistic gifts, but because
Barnum advertised her with Tom
Thumb and his other freaks. Pader-
ewski is worshiped for his tangled
locks and romantic manners instead
of his ability to play great music beau
tifully. The United States has pro
duced artists of renown, but they are
scarcely ever heard of at home. Who
knows anything of Chllde Hassam,
Wlnslow Homer, Gutzon Borghum?
Both Whistler and Sargent were Amer
icans, but not one In a hundred thou
sand of their countrymen recognizes
them as the greatest English-speaking
painters of the last century. There is
no need to tell how Poe was flouted
and slandered, both alive and dead.
Longfellow acquired a saccharine re
nown as the adored poet of the young
ladles' seminaries, but his really fine
qualities are almost Invariably over
looked. Our National type of the great
novelist is Harriet Beecher Stowe, in
whose "Uncle Tom's Cabin," according
the the critic we are quoting, "there is
little more artistic merit than in a
Probably It must be confessed that
there Is some truth in these charges.
Jeremiah overdoes his part, but there
are good reasons for his wails, The or
dinary American regards professional
artists as suspicious characters. He
ranks painters, musicians and gam
blers together as undesirables, apolo
gizes to his pastor for going to the
theater, and. In a vague way, believes
that the cultivation of mere beauty is
Inconsistent with the will of the Lord.
No doubt we are the most inartistic
Nation in the world, and we are proud
of our lost estate. People make rath
er a boast of being unable to tell one
tune from another. They think such
a defect renders them more trustwor
thy as office men. They are not liable
to be distracted from their rows of
figures by wandering band players in
the street. The staid American father
of a family accuses himself, with an
Indulgent smile, of not seeing anything
to admire In the pictures in the city
museum. He slyly implies that if he
had any taste for art It would disqual
ify him for business., The magazine
writer whom we have mentioned un
dertakes tentatively to account for this
National peculiarity. Why is it that
we neglect art so egreglously and have
the conscience to boast of our short
comings? Perhaps the most obvious
reason is sheer ignorance. We have not
been taught either the Importance of
beauty as a factor in a happy life nor
its place in the religious and political
Institutions of the world. We look
upon beauty as the pander of vice
because we do not know any better.
Millions of American children are
taught year after year In schoolhouses
which violate every rule of architec
ture, even the elementary rule of safe
ty from fire. The surroundings of
these monstrous buildings are bare and
forlorn to the last degree. Treeless,
flowerless, with no statues of great
men, no fountains, no shady walks.
they impress the doctrine that life is
a dismal round of painful duties, where
cheer and innocent mirth have no
Within the schoolhouses the same
story Is repeated with details still more
barren. The walls, the furniture, the
books, the floors, the desks, all reek
with ugliness. The lessons are as
starved of beauty as a Puritan psalm.
They are bereft even of the pitiful
beauty of usefulness. From our schools.
if we go to many of our churcnes
and Sunday schools, we shall
see a repetition of the same
melancholy scene. The grounds are
barren, the buildings ghastly, the fur
niture of funereal gloom. Thus our
children are reared, generation after
generation, to dwell familiarly with the
unsightly. It plays with them, eats
with, them and lulls them to sleep with
its horrors. In their lessons they are
taught to do the, most dismal things
one can imagine. They parse Ophe
lia's tears. They analyze Lear's grief
and madness. Their geography is arid.
Their arithmetic is oten grotesque.
Of course the reason for all this la the
false Puritan tradition which domin
ates our National life and poisons It.
Scolding will not cure the disease. The
writer in the Smart Set Is not the first
by many scores who have told the
same unpleasant truths, but very few
of them speak of the obvious remedy
which is to give beauty its rightful
place in the education of the young.
If the apostles of art would Invade
the schoolhouses and rural churches
and preach their gospel there, ,a gen
eration might be nurtured who would
apply it everywhere else.
Germany will make, an effort to
capture the honors at the Olympic
games in 1916 and has sent a commis
sion to this country to study our ath
letic methods and to hire an American
trainer. The Turners should furnish
good material for a German athletic
team, but Germany has far to go be
fore she can excel the United aiaes
in field athletics. It will take mote
than the three years which remain be
fore the games begin at Berlin In 1916.
The athletes of the United States are
thoroughly organized and trained lor
competition and have a large field of
all nationalities to draw from, thiugh
native Americans now predominate.
Ttiaxnoelnir th latest rani murder
In New York, the Brooklyn Eagle
The persistence ot the armed sang offers
as sharp a criticism of our civilization as
noes mat ui me s.t-i n u-m
. . , .. inrtLTla
Wnom great ousiness in ir. o.l- r-j - -
There are signs In the West that the boss
who Is out for bis own pocket all the time
Is about to follow the buffalo to obuvion,
out there are no signs of the waning ot
our New York gangs or of any serious effort
to deprive them ol deadly weapons.
Here in Oregon the boss is not mere
ly about to go, he has gone, to ob
livion. A no new ior "
better come West and learn civiliza
Ireland is not the only part of the
.-1 1 1 c-k Fmniro which has a home rule
problem. India Is perturbed by an
agitation of the same Kina, tnougn uvi
nearly so well considered. Unlike Ire
land Tnriia. haji en loved home rule In
modern times and a sorry mess her
Brahmins, Rajahs ana juanaimm
made of it. Child widows, wife burn
...o iL'hniMRia cruelty, starvation and
ceaseless war were some of its fruits.
The Hindoos may fairly be askea to
wait for home rule till they get a Ht
le more sense.
Th. -vitamant over Thaw's escape
seems out of proportion to its cause.
If he is Insane he has committed a
freak for which he is not responsible.
If he Is not Insane, ne is rauuw un
der the law to his freedom. In either
case a rational citizen ought to view
his escapade with 'equanimity and.
following Dogberry's sage advice,
rin That h la rid of an arrant
knave." To some it appears that Thaw
has done his country a signat aervn-e
by leaving it if he will only stay
lrtMmiH lint nan s-ht the new spirit
In roadbuilding. She raised an army
of 350,000 men the other aay woo
marched valiantly forth with spades to
fight ruts and swampholes. Every
county sent its full quota. The men
worked freely for the public good and
their smiling wives, enraptured at the
- ,.. f rMlnsr to church over
smooth roads, fed them with apple
pie and fried chicken. A wormy ex
ample has been set.
"Pensions are being tried for street
car horses." says the New York Sun.
The system must be confined to New
York, for that is about the only city
which still runs horsecars.
New fishing laws are urged. We
recommend one clause requiring re
tT,A mnnev on licenses that are un
productive of a single nibble.
When the Administration gets
through trying out theories about Mex
ico, then some real soluUon of the
trouble will be In order, y
It remains with the Jury to deter
mine whether Dlggs trip to Reno was
for immoral purposes. That rather
puts the Jury on trial.
Having secured rains for Kansas and
.v.- c.iiur matter nrettv well
in hand. Pastor McPherson might try
his magic on aiexico.
Since the Kansas apples have been
destroyed the Kansan can learn how
a real apple tastes by buying the Ore
nmn sv he will keep right on
chautalking. What has become of
that fund in Texas for reiier oi m
Policemen have instructions to
watch out for X-ray dresses. All sus
picious cases will be looked into.
But if every woman wearing sug
gestive apparel is arrested, the Jails
wouldn't half hold them.
There is delightful touch of Autumn
In the air. Incident to approach of
The first policeman to make arrest
of a woman in diaphanous skirt will
leap to fame.
The train robbers took $1 from the
Pullman porter. George must have
Thousands turned out and helped
improve Missouri roads. Lefs try It.
Give the best position today to the
woman with little children.
That train holdup hardly shows a
proper respect for the police.
Tally still another for the speed
Who is Governor of New York, any
But these Mexican crises never last.
XEW ENGLAND TONGUE DEFENDED
ttaasaefcaaetta Mam Also Nates Same
Weslers Oddities ot Speech.
WALLA WALLA. Wash, Aug. 19.
(To the Editor.) It Is with some diffi
dence that I take my pen in hand
(albeit said penNs a typewriter), in or
der to register a mild criticism In re
gard to a recent editorial utterance.
This is notwithstanding the fact that
for some 20 years I rattled around in
the editorial chair of a Massachusetts
newspaper, during which time I dis
covered there were between one and
two things I did not know. But your
writers register their promulgations
with so much of a "thus-salth-the-Lord"
air that one is Impressed with
the Idea that an error must be very un
usual and censure even of the most
demure kind very unpalatable.
The article to which I have reference-
was headed "The Cult of the Dic
tionary," and contained several state
ments that were quite wide of the
actual facta For Instance, you say
that "in a truly New England mouth
Idea' rhymes accurately with 'fear."
This Is not so at all, for it la a well
known fact that the genuine Yankee
eliminates "R" ag a final letter almost
entirely and slurs it considerably in
almost every word. We are making no
claim that this is proper, but It is a
fact that such la a custom of the coun
try. The word you quote would be
more nearly pronounced as though it
were spelled "ideah."
The use of the Italian A. which la
prevalent throughout New England, is
becoming widely copied among cul
tured people almost everywhere, and we
notice it somewhat even among the
"rich fullness" you note as character
izing the Western pronunciation. We
have traveled considerably, both In our
own land and abroad, and we have yet
to find a locality that did not have Its
own especial peculiarities both of hajlt
and speech. We are equally sure that
the absurdities you quote as emanating
from Cincinnati were never heard out
side the poor white district of the
mountains of Tennessee, and we are
quite sure they would be as instantly
rejected among people of education In
Portland, or, as in Boston, Mass.
It la quite the habit in more than one
locality rather to sneer at Boston, and
imagine her people are all blue-stoca-
lngs who pride themselves soleiy on
their "culchah. They are not supposed
plainly to "go to bed," they retire; In
the morning they never "get up," they
arise; in place of a "child" they are
always Imagined to have a babe. All
these are largely figments of the con
ception, but we do prefer good gram
mar to Incorrectness of expression, and
we are not above keeping in touch with
the latest efforts .of the dictionary
Has it ever occurred to the erudite
writer of the article In question that
the Far West has some few little
"pecoolarltlos" of her own which may
seem funny to a newcomer? For in
stance, you say "pack" instead of carry,
"sack" rather than bag, "I want out''
Instead of I want to go out, or as I
presume you would accuse the Bos
tonese of saying. "I would be pleased
to obtain egress"; "two bits Instead
of twenty-five cents; all of which are
Just as odd to us as our little idiosyn
crasies are to you. We have at least
found one thing from the East that is
highly acceptable here, and that Is the
good, round hard dollar. That goes
even In Portland, Or., without quea
tion, whether It is given its Boston
pronunciation of "dollah," its Southern
one of "dohlla" or Its Middle Western
of "dollurr." Its creed, lineage and ped
igree are unmarked and unquestioned.
MARIAN D. MERRY.
NEW YORK IS A CITY OF CLUBS
Oae Thousand of Them) 500,000 Mei
berahlpi Waiting; List Large.
New York is a city of clubs. Every
line of endeavor has its club whether
it be a palatial building in Fifth ave
nue or a room on a side street In the
tenement district. Politics, the arts,
the sciences, the stage, labor and busi
ness in fact, every phase of activity
or otherwise, is found In New York
banded together. In Manhattan alone
there are more than 600, taking the
latest directory list. In the entire cjty,
all the boroughs, the number will reach
far beyond the 1000 mark. Member
ship in these clubs, it is estimated, will
come close to 600,000. The cost is Im
possible to determine. As New York
has advanced, so has its clubs. It was
a continued spell of bad weather in
1836 that gave birth to the Idea and
brought about the organization of New
York's first club and today one of the
richest and most exclusive In the city.
If not in the world. That is the Union
Club, located at Fifth avenue and
Fifty-first street. The original woman's
club.. the Sorosis Club, was the answer
to the exclusion of women at the din
ner given by the Press Club to Charles
Dickens In 1862. While the Sorbsls Is
the first woman's club, the first to be
fashioned after the man's club is the
exclusive Colony Club, which was or
ganised in 1902. Fifth avenue and the
Immediate side streets, from Madison
Square north to Central Park, Is the
great club center of the city. The Met
ropolitan Club, sometimes called the
Millionaires' Club, at Fifth avenue aud
Sixtieth street. Is probably the most
magnificently appointed club In the
world. Then there is the Union League
Club, at Fifth avenue and Thirty-ninth
street; the Knickerbocker, the Lotus
Club, all having large buildings on
Fifth avenue. To enumerate all the
clubs of the city would require pages.
There Is not a club In New York of any
consequence that has not a large wait
ing list. In such clubs as the Knicker
bocker, the Union, the Metropolitan and
the University the waiting list is so
long that the boys born today are
placed on the list by their fathers, the
idea being that by the time they reach
their majority they will have an oppor
tunity to Join. .
PARCEL POST CAINS IN ENGLAND.
California Mis Writes From London of
LONDON, Aug. 6. (To the Editor.)
This afternoon I had a pleasant parcel
post gossip over the teacups on the ter
race of the House of Commons with the
He set at rest forever some of the
oft-reiterated, but quite unfounded, as
sertions as to the British flat-rate par
cel post not paying expenses. Both the
domestio and foreign parcel posts are
conducted at a profit. It may be re
membered that the rate for the former
Is 6 cents for the first pound and 2c ad
ded for every additional pound, up to
an 11-pound maximum. Although there
are many parcels delivery companies,
which carry vast numbers of short-distance
packages, and although 63 per
cent of the gross receipts for those
bandied by railroads in conjunction
with the postofflce is paid to the rail
roads, the business still yields a profit.
He also told me that notwithstanding
the very low rates, three pounds. 24
cents, seven pounds. 48 cents and 11
pounds, 72 cents, for carrying foreign
and colonial parcels aa far aa from
Britain to Burma. Indo-China. etc. even
this class of mall showed a gain for the
treasury, which, including the whole
mail transactions of the postoffce for
the last fiscal year, amounted to near
No doubt so wide awake a business
man as Mr. Burleson will soon find him
self able, as I am sure he is willing,
to put the parcel post In the United
States on a satisfactory basis, dispens
ing with the cumbrous, obsolete and
odious zone system, which is a constant
source of relation -and annoyance.
president Postal Progress League of
Stars and Starmakers
BT LEON CASS BAEB.
Eleanor Baber, socially and profes
sionally a favorite on the Pajlflc Coast,
has signed to play the lead in "The
Country Boy." which goes on tour next
month from New York.
The title of the next Helllg play,
"Ready Money," is affording every lit
tle punster an . opportunlty to have
a repartee all his own. The one
heard oftenest Is that everybody
wants to see ready mo.ney. Well,
it's going to be ' at the Helllg all
next week, with a picked east of
17 folk. There Is an unusual feature
in the long Jump made by the company
after Its eight months' run in New
York, In that it leaves our neighbor
ing City of Seattle out of Its routing.
On its closing night, Friday, August
29. "Ready Money" goes directly to
San Francisco for a three weeks', stay
at the Cort. Frank Mills, who used to
play leads with Olga Nethersole. Rlch-
Ober, a oneTtlme Baker leading man.
and Nena Blake, a former musical com
edy star, remembered of the "Ginger
bread Man" days, are three of the prin
In a roundabout way Mayor Albee
figures in one of the surprises offered
by Mrs. Battling Nelson (Fay King) In
her monologue and cartooning at the
Empress. In the finale of her enter
talnment. Fay draws a doghouse, and.
to the complete surprise of even body.
she thrusts her fist through the door
of the make-believe kennel and pulls
out a puppy. Mayor Albee, through
W. H. Warren, his secretary, provided
the dog for the vaudeville act. To the
last Fay relied upon friends to lend
her a puppy for her debut In vaude
ville. When Monday came there was
no dog in sight and it was up to Mra.
Battling Nelson to rush to the city
pound to get a puppy for her vaude
ville masterpiece. Secretary Warren
authorized the poundmaster over the
telephone to provide Mrs. Nelson with a
puppy and she obtained the critter Just
In time for her act.
"What kind of a dog Is it?" Fay
asked the poundmaster.
"Just dog," was the reply.
Mrs. Nelson has become greatly at
tached to the puppy, and at the close
of her Empress engagement Sunday she
Intends to ask Mayor Albee to allow
her to keep the dog that helped her
make her first hit in vaudeville.
Sydney Isaacs,' who deserted the
office force of the Baker Theater last
Spring to take up business connection
with the Avenue Stock in Vancouver.
B. C Is back in Portland for a visit
with the home folk a He had a yard of
goasip to retail some of it bound to
be of Interest locally. William Bernard
and his wife. Nan Ramsey, are leaving
in about ten days for New York City.
Ned Lynch, the leading man, closes In
a month and is to be replaced by Wil
liam DowIIng, an actor who played in
Portland part of one season for Keat
ing and Flood. There has been two
stock houses in Vancouver all season
and a new one, the. Imperial, opens this
week. Jimmy Gleason, of the Baker
Playern, a few seasons back and lately
from Ye Liberty Stock in Oakland, is a
new member of the Imperial company.
His wife, Lucille Webster, is of the
company, also. Marie Baker, who
played character roles last Summer
with the Baker Players, Is to be with
the Imperial Stock. Isabella Fletcher
and Charles Ayers no relation to
Sidney who spells his Ayres play the
leads. The other company is at the
Empress, where Maude Leone, slim as a
fairy and a great favorite with the
Britishers, la co-star with the com
pany owner, Del Lawrence, Howard
Russell plays with the Empress Stock
and so does Margaret Marriott, who
played a brief engagement at the
Baker in Summer stock a year ago.
One pretty little feature of the com
petition between the three stocks Is
that since they pay no royalties any
one of them can put on any play it
"wishes to care for," and each watches
the other with the sweet friendliness
of alley cats. For Instance the Avenue
Stock rehearsed two days on the grand
old "Count of Monte Cristo," only to
discover that one of Its rivals- was
going to play It also for the same
week. So the Avenue folk had to grab
a quick substitute.
Walter Gilbert, always popular in
local stock' is to open In a fortnight In
Salt Lake with Wlllard Mack In his
stock company of which Marjorie Ram
beau will play lead a
Ida Adair, who Is Mra Walter Gilbert
in private life, Is convalescing after a
serious throat affection, at her mother's
home in Los Angelea. When she has
recovered Miss Adair will appear with
a Los Angeles motion-picture company.
t ' '
William Farnum, brother to Dnstln,
and himself a well-known thespian,
has for two weeks been playing leads
with the Selig motion picture company
in Los Angeles In their production of
"The Spoilers." The pictures sow being
finished William has returned to New
"I love Portland," warmly declares
Charlotte Ravenscroft, singing violin
ist at the Orpbeum, "for It Is the home
of Madame Carrie Bridewell, that
glorious contralto of the Manhattan
Grand Opera Company, and she did
more for me than all my other teachers
put together. At the time I met her
socially in Xew York I was soloist in
a couple of churches. She heard me
sing and saw possibilities that I did
not suspect. She at once began to
coach me and offered to take me abruao
with her when she went sometime
afterward, but It was a case of op
portunity coming and I not wise
enough to see it Instead I turned from
church soloist to singing violinist In
vaudeville and have been at It ever
since." Miss Ravenscroft brought mes
sages of greeting from Madame Bride
well to the members of her family in
Portland. In private life Miss Raven
scroft is Mra Edward Flanagan, wife
of the tall, slender member of the
Flanagan and Edwards team present
ing "Off and On."
Henry Hall Is leading man at Ye
Liberty Theater in Oakland, Cai.
Ralph Hers, comedian, last ieason
here as ' a vaudeville headllner, is
booked for a limited starring season
at the Alcazar in San Francisco, com
mencing Monday afternoon, September
L during which he will appear In the
vehicles with which his name and fame
are most closely identified. First of
these is the three-act musical comedy,
Madame Sherry, in which be will be as
sisted by a carefully selected company.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonlan of August 21. 1S&3.
Extension of the Milwaukie Road
As the convenience and Importance of
this admirable avenue begin to be ap
preciated, there is an anxious and fast-
increasing desire on the part of those
residing beyond its southern terminus
that Its benefits should be extended.
Citizens residing on this side ot the
river, on the line of the Tualatin bridge,
have caused a survey to be made to the
bridge. The distance is only eight and
The Walla Walla Statesman says
that the minera in great numbers are
returning to the settlements on their
way to the valleys and towns of Ore
gon and Washington to spend the Win
ter. Washington, Aug. 15. The number
of colored troops in the Army is be
tween 22,000 and 22,000. Thirty addi
tional negro regiments are partly or
ganized and rapidly approaching com
pletion. New York. Aug. 15. The rebels are
securing Immense supplies by way of
Wilmington. N. C, in spite of the
- Council Meeting. Counselor Monaa
tes presented an ordinance requiring
the grading and laying of sidewalks
and cross-walks in Jefferson street,
between First and Park, which was
read a first time.
The City Council on Wednesday
evening . ordered the City Marshal to
deposit all the street lamps in the city
Jail. The Gaa Company seems to think
it will never do to give up, and, though
the lanterns were gone last evening
the gaa was lighted about the streets
at the usual hour.
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonlan of August 21. 1SSS.
Washington. Aug. 20. The Chinese
exclusion bill passed the House today
without a division.
Pasco. W. T Aug. 20. M. C Sulli
van, chief detective of Portland, with
his assistant. Colonel D. D. Anthony,
and 65 detectives left here today on a
special train with 100 colored minora
for Roslyn. An Importation of 450
Italians from the East Is expected
tomorrow, bound for Roslyn to take
the place of the miners now employed
there. The miners are determined that
the Italians shall not displace them and
Annexation to Portland or no annex
ation is the topic of discussion in Al
bina at present. In Portland and East
Portland the majority opinion seems to
favor consolidation, while in Alblna it
is Just the opposite. At two mass meet
ings the vote showed that the people
did not want to be Joined to Portland.
Chairman Louis T. Barln. of the Re
publican state central committee, ar
rived yesterday from his home in Ore
gon City and reopened the headquar
ters in the Portland Savings Bank
Jerome C Bonaparte and party will
arrive here today from the Sound.
M, M. Ktlllngsworth and family and
also Mr. William Simpson's family are
camped at Salmon River.
Governor Moody has returned from
Joe Waterman, well known aa the
crack second baseman of the old F-ed
Stocking Pioneers, sent as fine a box
of trout as have been seen this Sum
mer to The Oregonlan office the other
Mr. and Mrs. C H. Prescott arrived
last evening direct from Boston.
Joseph E. Smith's piled river, em
ployed In driving piles tor the O. R. &
N. Company's depot in Couch Lake, -tumbled
into the lake Saturday.
Captain R. H. Lamson. clerk of the
United States Court, Is at Bartlett
Springs, Lake County.
Quotations on Stocks.
PRINEVILLE. Or, Aug. 16. (To the
Editor.) In the Saturday Evening
Post of August there is an article
under heading, "The Forehanded Man."
in which the statement is made that in
1909 among other things, Pennsylvania
Railroad stock sold at $48 'above the
market value. Will you kindly explain
this? I understand that par value of
this stock Is $50, but the dally quota-,
tlona cover two shares.
Will you kindly explain this? Also
state what is meant by market value,
and what constitutes a point In the
quotations. E. J. WILSON.
The par value of common stock of
the Pacific Railroad Is $50 and the arti
cle quoted distinctly says that $4S a
share was added to the value of Penn
sylvania stook between 1907 and 1909,
though it is customary in quoting this
stock to name the price of two shares
in order to make It correspond with
the great majority of stocks, of which
the par value is $100.
Market value is the price at which
actual sales are made on the Stock
Exchange. A point is $L
How It Feels to Freeae.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
Freezing to death Is preceded by a
drowsiness which makes the end pain
less, the body actually feeling warm
and going comfortably to sleep. Ex
periments have been made with animals
to show Just how freezing to death
proceeds. In one of these experiments.
In which the animal was placed In a
temperature of from 125 to 150 below
zero, the breathing and heart beats
were at first quickened, the organic
heat of the body rising above normal,
which la 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. This
showed a sudden and Intense effort oa
the part of the functions to preserve
the body's temperature. Then violent
heart action gave out suddenly, and
death came when the temperature of
the body dropped to 71 degrees Fahren
heit. Thrifty Readers
of The Oregonian
In the olden days of our grand
parents, thrift was a much hon
Such thrift as this was the
backbone of our national life
durinsr the earl V days of
these present days, how-
affairs Ily upon emitter
and we are an proa to
ana careless ex-
In this connection we shall
feel that we have done our read
ers a service If we can persuade
them to a saner and more sens
ible method of spending their In
comes, great or amalL One of
the best methods of practicing
thrift is to buy things of known
Quality and reputation and to
deal with business-men in whom
you have confidence.
A careful study of The Ore
gonlan advertisements is the
first step In the right direction.