Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, July 05, 1913, Page 6, Image 6

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The most astounding feature of the
confessions of Martin Mulhall is not
that they are the truth if they are
hut that they should have been made.
Mulhall was for about ten years a
"field agent" of the National Associa
tion of Manufacturers. It would ap
pear that his principal duty was to
approach Congressmen, harass the
labor unions, and make himself useful
in various more or less creditable ca
pacities. If the National Association
of Manufacturers sought in Mulhall a
creature who would keep no man's
confidence it made undoubtedly a suit
able choice. The insidious lobby had a
shining armament in Mulhall.
But the week's events have brought
forth a peer to Mulhall in David La
mar, or whatever his name is. Lamar's
testimony before the Congressional
committee was a most remarkable in
cident. It Is conceivable that a man with
out conscience and with a shrewd de
tective insttnct might have done the
bold things Lamar did impersonating
Congressmen, soliciting favors from
the great moneyed interests for his
friend Lauterbach, employing intimi
dation and blackmail, and using vari
ous daring and original expedients to
pluck timorous capitalists but it is
all but inconceivable that he would
consent to tell about It publicly, ex
cept under duress.
Lamar appears to have been a will
ing and even an anxious witness. The
spirit of vainglory was there. "Very
likely he enjoyed his distinction as the
most dangerous and ingenious sneak
in all the world.
Mulhall and Lamar are a pair to
gether. Mulhall boldly betrayed the
men who trusted him, for reasons riot
yet divulged, by exposing his own in
famy. Lamar has immeasurably com
promised one man Lauterbach who
trusted him, without any apparent
gain, except ah immense and unenvi
able notoriety. It is hard to explain
such, creatures. Mulhall seems to have
had some purpose of revenge and re
taliation upon his former employers:
but Lamar apparently had no such
motive.- A colossal egotism, covered
by an elephantine epidermis, seems to
be his most conspicuous trait.
How much of truth and how much
of falsehood there is in the respective
tales of these two unblushing tattlers
it is not our purpose now to inquire.
There is more than enough of fact,
undoubtedly. But what a precious
twain they are.
NOT I.IKE 1856.
A long time ago, when the Repub
licans had deserted the Whigs, mainly
over the question of slavery and its
extension to the territories, and after
both had been beaten in a Presiden
tial campaign, the old party tried in
vain to get the new party back. But
the Republicans stood pat and never
did go back. Abraham Lincoln said
about the proposed reunion:
Rational men can only entertain It in
the strange belief that Republicans are not
In earnest for their principles. This mis
take must be dispelled. For the sake of
their principles, forming their party, they
broke and sacrificed the strongest mere
party ties and advantages which can exist.
There can be no letting down. "Ha who
is not for us Is against us, and he who
gathereth not with us scattereth."
Ex-Senator Beveridge thinks that
history will repeat itself and that the
Progressives will not go back. But
they are going back. They are going
back because they expect to have a
potent voice in the counsels of the old
party. They will not stay if they do
not. The nther ilnv Y-Cnvorn.-ir I T H
ley in' a speech showed that in St.
Louis the Progressive ' vote last Fall
was 25,000; Republican, 45,000. In
April the Republican vote was 55,000;
Progressive. 3000. The reason given
by Mr. Hadley for the change was:
The vote of 1912 was one of protest
against the methods used by the men in
rontrol of. the party, but was not cast with
.the Idea of breaking up the party.
What vital issue, like the abolition
of slavery, do the Progressives repre
sent that the Republicans do not rep
Exemption of household effects
which was approved by the voters in
the 1912 election was thought by Mr.
U'Ren to be a bill not worth voting
for. The exclusion from tax burdens
was too small to suit one who believes
all personal property and improve
ments should be exempt. He there
fore urged Jhe voters to defeat the
household bili and adopt single tax.
But a majority of the voters considered
the measure well worth while, and
judging from the number of inquiries
concerning the effect of the law on
taxes collectable in 1913 and' the vol
ume or protests directed against re
cent attempts to tax household effects
the people are still of the same mind.
We are now informed by Mr, U'Ren
what part of the single tax loaf, in his
view, is better than none. He has
asked the Secretary of State so reads
a Salem dispatch to approve the pe
tition form for an initiative measure
exempting personal property to the
value of $1600. Moreover, we suppose
it may safely be inferred that, after
a distinct loss in favor during four
years' campaigning, single tax in Ore
gon is admitted by the ever sanguine
U'Ren to be at present hopeless. So
we are to consider a J1500 exemption.
But as usual Mr. TPRen cannot or
will not put out a simple, straightfor
ward measure. According to the
Salem report it is proposed that one
petition on a measure shall serve the
purpose of three. The amendment
will provide that it shall be resub
mitted in 1916 and also in 1918. The
people thus are given the oppor
tunity to adopt a law and without fur
ther activity by opponents are to say
whether they like it or not after two
years' trial, "and again express ' an
opinion after four years' trial.
We can hazard several guesses as to
the purpose of this peculiar provision.
One is that Mr. U'Ren has small faith
in its merit himself and wishes to make
repeal easy; another is that he hopes
a reluctant public will be willing to
make an experiment for two years in
a matter they would not care to adopt
permanently; another is that in the
event he deems it worth while to sub
mit single tax again in 1916 or 1918
the presence of another tax measure on
the ballot will enable the single tax
forces to work in an extra affirmative
argument in the official- pamphlet in
the same way that the law in this re
spect was' evaded by them and over
ridden in 1912; and another is that
Mr. U'Ren is seeking to demonstrate
how flexible is the Oregon .system and
bring discredit on his own production.
A measure that is coupled with some
insidious or plausible inducement to
gain the favor of the voters will start
out with a bad name.
A Fourth of July may not only be
safe and sane, but it may be made
beautiful and impressive, patriotic and
Inspiring, joyous and interesting. The
remarkable Sunday school parade in
Portland yesterday proved that a new
and altogether desirable method of
celebrating the Day of Independence
had been found. There were no loud
noise-makers, nor disorderly boys, nor
maimed children in that splendid pro
cession. There were sober and happy
men, good and happy, women, and
bright and happy children, all keeping
step to the martial swing of patriotic
music or raising their voices in unison
with the stirring strains of "Onward,
Christian Soldier," and all proudly
waving the American flag.
For they were all patriots, old and
young. If the country should be in
danger from the onward rush of the
forces of Immorality, or indecency or
irreligion, they would be the main
bulwark of opposition and defense; if
perchance the alarums of war should
resound throughout the land, they
would be the foremost to take up arms
and march to the front.
A significant aspect of the Sunday
school parade is that it was made up
largely almost wholly of people who
are not often seen in public, or even
on the streets. They were the plain
citizens of Portland, the home-lovers,
the family-conservators, the church
goers, the daily workers. They were
and are the bone and sinew of the
city's manhood and womanhood, its
moral fiber, its sterling worth, its
homely virtue. Its Christian character.
They are all right. The city would
not be all right without them. May
their tribe their several tribes in
Referring to the trend of immi
grants to the mining and manufac
turing communities instead of to the
farms, though most of whom have been
tillers of the soil, the Chicago Trib
une says:
Immense areas of undeveloped land in the
United States are waiting for pioneers.
These aliens have the hardihood and
strength to become such pioneers. But they
Know notning oi tne opportunities lor farm
ing in this country. No one has come to
them with the story of the vastness of
our natural resources. The private labor
agent, who is the high priest, as it were.
in tnene mill ana mine communities, finds
the Ignorance of the immigrant his chief
asset. The State Department could do a
great economic service to the country if
it undertook to direct this great army of
labor, - which is now tha prey of all sorts
of unscrupulous agents, to the land which
needs them and for which they crave.
Tes, we are spoiling good farmers
to make poor miners and millhands.
We let immigrants crowd into un
familiar surroundings in cities, where
they breed discontent and fall an easy
prey to Socialist and I. W. W. agi
tators, when we might scatter them
over the farm land to become pros
perous and contented citizens.
The biggest part of the immigration
problem is not restriction, but direc
tion of the immigrant to the place
where he is needed, where he can best
use his energies and where he would
most wish to go, if he only knew. But
we don't even tell him.
As England and Russia have grown
more intimate politically, their com
mercial intimacy has also grown. This
explains the issue by the London
Times of two special Russian supple
ments, the second of which was pub
lished on June 16, and which have
had so large a circulation in Russia
that the first was quickly sold out.
English capital see Its investment in
Russia in increasing volume and Is
welcomed. The English people are,
eager for knowledge of the internal
affairs ,of the r f M.isovit0 EmDire
and the superficial impression that it
Is a land of Cossacks, anarchists and
dumb peasants is wearing away.
Since the war with Japan and the
subsequent revolutionary disturbances.
Russia has been - ..-o-v. of
social and economic reorganization.
While persistent agitation has been
going on in the United States for pub
lic ownership of land under the guise
of the single tax, Russia has been
Increasing the area held by individ
uals, and the people have readily
seized the opportunity to become abso.
lute owners of the soil. Communal
ownership Is being rapidly abolished
by the allotment of a separate farm to
each member of the commune. The
land of the state and the nobles is
being sold to the peasants, who now
own . three-fourths of the arable land
under cultivation. Those who had no
taste or aptitude for farming have
been enabled to sell their interest in
communal holdings and to move to the
Industrial centers. The Peasants Land
Bund is the means through which
peasants purchase land and the de
mand of the peasants for land of their
own is so great that the surveying
staff, though enormously Increased,
has been able to satisfy only 40 per
cent of the applicants, who number
What the country west of the Mis
souri River is to the United States,
Siberia is to Russia. In the five years
1907 to 1911, Inclusive, with govern
ment aid 417,000 families composed
of about 2,000,000 persona have mi
grated to free land in Siberia and
Central Asia, They have built roads,
schools, churches and medical sta
tions. They took with them about
$33,000,000. realized from the sale of
their holdings in Russia, and the gov.
ernment has spent $57,000,000 on
emigration. This influx of capital has
stimulated development in Siberia.
Production of grain trebled between
1900 and 1909 and the dairying in
dustry Is rapidly increasing exports
of butter. Siberia may yet become the
world's bread basket. '
Agricultural progress Is helped along
throughout the Empire by co-operation
in banking, production . and dis
tribution. There are. in the villages
about 20.000 co-operative banks with
a capital of about $250,000,000, of
which"the state contributes over J90,
000,000. These banks make loans to
aid production and marketing of crops
and to build granaries and eleyators.
Co-operative societies have been or
ganized for gardening, bee-keeping,
fish culture and dairying, for breed
ing of live stock and for use of agri
cultural Implements, both in Russia
and Siberia. The butter producers of
the latter country have a co-operative
society which has an agency in Lon
don. This agency In 1908 exported
$25,000,000 worth of butter. The co
operative societies have combined in
the organization of a People's Bank in
Moscow to aid their work. There are
6730 societies of consumers for distri
bution, the largest of which, in Mos
cow, did a business of $2,500,000 in
1912. These societies are combining
in federations and the tendency is to
affiliate the banks, agricultural socie
ties and consumers' societies together,
with the People's Bank as the bank
for all.
We must dismiss from our minds the
old impression that rural Russia is a
sodden mass of ignorance and pov
erty. The progressive movement has
reached ltand inspired it with ambi
tion and the instinct of self-help and
mutual help, which is the beginning
of progress.
Judging from a letter written to the
Topeka Capital, J. R. Koontz, general
freight agent of the Santa Fe Railroad,
Imagines that it is proposed to elim
inate the middleman by inducing each
denizen of the city to go out Into the
country and circulate among the farm
ers to buy; his butter, eggs, poultry,
vegetables and fruit. He says there
would be no saving in this method.
Of course there would not. It is pro
posed that the farmers of each dis
trict combine to sell and the consum
ers of each city combine to buy farm
products without the intervention of
middlemen and that the combinations
of farmers sell to the combinations of
consumers. The place of the middle
men would be taken by the managers
of these combinations, who would
work for the interests of their em
ployers instead of striving to depress
the price paid to the farmers and to
boost the price paid by the consumers,
as the middlemen do.
Each Individual middleman may riot
make a large fortune, but the mischief
is that there is a string of middlemen
all along the road between producer
and consumer. Each must add his
expenses and his profit to the price of
the goods until they cost the consum"
sevefal times what the producer re
ceived, with due allowance for freight.
This is a wasteful system of distribu
tion. Were the middlemen eliminated as
such and transformed into producers,
farmers would get more and consum
ers would pay less for food, and those
who are now middlemen would be in
creasing the volume of production in
stead of decreasing the volume of con
sumption by enhancing cost of living.
At least two Eastern newspapers at
tempt to minimize the importance of
the Caminettl. Incident by asserting
that the Attorney-General in ordering
a postponement of the trial was mere
ly doing in a routine way what Is often
done and that the order was not im
proper In Itself. Yet the ease -with
which continuances are obtained in
criminal and in civil trials as well Is
one of the recognized weaknesses of
American court procedure. Along with
trivial motions, technical obstruction
and other lawyers' devices for defeat
ing Justice, it plays its important part
in arousing public outcry against the
law's delay.
If it be customary and mere routine
procedure for public prosecutors to
defer criminal trials that relatives of
the defendant who are not witnesses in
the case may attend, the Attorney
General of the United States ought to
be among the first to break the prece
dent. But we do not believe it is cus
tomary to apply for continuances on
such grounds, though it may be
said that in no public or private en
deavor does personal convenience of
the .principals play so important a part
in retarding the transaction of busi
ness as in court procedure.
It is true that orders of postpone
ment are not unusual, but we trust
and believe they are unusual on such
grounds as the order in the Caminettl
case was based on. Lack of warning
from, his California subordinate as to
attempts to suborn or sequester wit
nesses, if true, does not relieve the bad
position of Attorney-General Mc
Reynolds. It does not excuse him to
say or imply that he ordered the post
ponement without making inquiry into
the urgency of the proceedings. Mr.
McReynolds has been rebuked in deed,
though upheld in words, by the Presi
dent. Let us hope that one good may
have been accomplished by the inci
dent that such routine and customs
as defeat the course of Justice may be
departed from by the Attorney-General's
One most significant outcome of the
recent negotiations for the settlement
of the Balkan war has been the evi
dent drawlnar toeether of England nni
Germany. The two countries worked
nana in nana in tnat arrair, and Ger
many has been exerting herself to-convince
England of her. pacific disposi
tion and that, in being allied with Rus
sia and France, England is allowing
herself to be used for their selfish
Practical evidence of this better un
derstanding is the Anglo-German
agreement in relation to the Bagdad
Railroad. This road, for which the
late Marschall von Bieberstein induced
Turkey to grant a concession to Ger
man capitalists, was designed to ex
tend from the shores of the Bosphorus
and the Mediterranean to Bagdad and
Koslma, It was even proposed to ex
tend it to Hamadan, a Persian city in
the Russian sphere of influence. By
the new arrangement tho twrnlnno nr
the Persian Gulf Is to be Kowelt, a
Turkish town over which Turkey has
recognized a British protectorate.
England Is to take over that part of
the road which will be within the Brit
ish sphere of Persia along the gulf,
from Basra eastward, while Germany
will complete it to that point. Two
English directors are added to the rail-,
road's board.
This agreement removes the last
serious misunderstanding between the
two countries. It secures for Eng
land German recognition of her pro
tectorate over the gulf. It fortifies
Germany in her denial of Russian su
premacy over the Black Sea.. England
has never felt comfortable in joint
control over Persia with Russia, and
cannot view with equanimity the pros
pect that, as Turkey breaks up, all of
Western Asia would fall under Rus
sian dominion.1 That would give the
Muscovites an outlet both to the Med
iterranean and, through the Persian
Gulf, to -the Indian Ocean. By
the new agreement German in
fluence in Asia Minor will create a
barrier to the Russian advance south
ward and England affords a field for
German capital and enterprise. The
two nations, which have long been
foes, now become, partners in at least
one great undertaking. Does this pre
sage a new alignment of the European
powers ?
Canada is now discussing a new
Issue the naval bill and discusses
it with the heat which always char
acterizes Canadian politics. The Sen
ate having rejected Premier Borden's
bill for construction of three dread
noughts as a contribution to the Brit
ish navy to meet an emergency In im
perial affairs. Conservatives point to
the British government's hastening of
construction on the same number of
ships to compensate for the failure of
Canada to contribute, as proof that
the emergency was real, not imagin
ary. Liberals reply that Mr. Borden
can build the ships under present law
and leave the voters to decide by ref
erendum whether they shall be
manned by Canadians for Canada's
defense or by British seamen as a
contribution to the imperial navy; or
that, after such a vote, Canada can
assume the cost of the ships the moth
er country is building. Sir Wilfrid
Laurier is accused of disloyalty and
of wishing to create a Canadian re
public. His supporters reply that,
but for party politics, Mr. Borden
could have aided the empire with lib
eral support. Meanwhile the mother
country is building and paying for the
It was a hundred years ago last
month that the first successful loco
motive steam engine, "Puffing Billy,"
was operated on the colliery railroad
of Wylan,. near Newcastle-on-Tyne,
England. It was built by William Hed
ley, chief engineer of the colliery with
the aid of Timothy Hackworth and is
still preserved in the South Kensing
ton Museum, London. Robert Ste
phenson perfected and developed the
Invention which Hedley had made. Al
ready we .-hear predictions that the
steam locomotive will pass out of date.
The aviator already considers the trav
eler on land as much of a mossback
even as the automobilist-regards the
farmer in his wagon. The nineteenth
century was the wonder age of inven
tion, tout the twentieth promises to ex
cel it. v
Martin M. Mulhall, author of the
charge of lobbying against the Na
tional Association of Manufacturers, is
said to have received $10,000 from
the newspapers to which he sold his
story. Report has it that Richard
Barry, who collaborated with him. has
sued him for a share of the money.
James A. Emery, counsel for the asso
ciation, denounces his story as "a tis
sue of lies on a slight foundation of
truth" and explains its publication by
saying: "Failing in blackmail, he re
sorted to slander." Whatever be the
truth, the lobbying inquiry has dragged
into the light some most unlovely
specimens of humanity.
The completion of arrangements for the
sale of Washington and Oregon applea In
China. India and the Malay Peninsula calls
attention to the great possibilities of an
exchange of fruits between the temperate
zones of the two hemispheres. In the re
gion where agencies are now being estab
lished for the sale of American apples ship,
ments have long been made from Australia
in the early months of the year; the fruit
from the Pacific Coast will arrive in the
Fall and Winter, when the Australian applea
are out of season, with modern steamship
service for perishables there is no reason why
the world should not be kept well supplied
with fruit the year round Springfield Re
publican. Why, certainly. Oregon will readily
exchange apples with Australia.
The Springfield Republican proposes
that we taboo the term "white slave"
and the Chicago Evening Post seconds
the motion. Shall we return to use
of the old term "scarlet woman" ? The
other term seems to describe the class
referred to with fairly rough accuracy,
so why be pedantic about it?
The parade yesterday was most ap
propriate, for the streets had what
might be called a Sunday look. Sala
ried men and wageworkers took early
trains and boats for the country, and
the unwonted relaxation will unfit
most of them for work today.
The parade of Sunday-school chil
dren yesterday should be inspiration
to Mayor Albee, well toward the head
of the column with his class, to make
this a" clean city, and it will.
The experiment of using camels for
transportation in the Arizona desert
is to be repeated, but we had been led
to suppose that irrigation would ex
terminate the desert.
Still, the man who. provides in his
will that his wife must not marry
again should not be Judged too hastily.
Who. knows but that his motives might
be humanitarian?
"David Lamar" must be George
Randolph Chester in disguise. Only
the creator of J. Rufus Wallingford
could Invent such a story.
Penal servitude for militants con
victed of arson will cause a few to de
slst, 'but not many. There Is glory
in being a near-martyr.
The American flag was torn down In
Mexico yesterday. But one day It will
be nailed to the mainmast of that Ill
starred ship of state.
Those who wanted an old-fashioned
Fourth got it at Vancouver, for there
are the troops and the equipment for
proper observance.
Spokane will restrain unnecessary
noise. Blatant street oratory should
be put in the list.
But in the light of recent fistic his
tory, will all Vancouver continue eat
ing regularly?
The country's per capita wealth is
10 cents higher. Have you got your
extra dime?
Is Burleson big enough to throw
.j'isk out of the San Francisco post
office? Umatilla keeps to her record with a
5,000,000-bushel crop of wheat.
- Tes, it was a little quiet, but never
theless a glorious Fourth.
It might also be said that Mr. An
derson was Crossed.
Now that the Fourth is over, may
we expect the sun?
It would seem that Bud was nipped
in the bud.
Mr. Lehman Defend Frlcdmasa'i Claims
as Moderate.
PORTLAND, July 3. (To the Editor.)
Your article, "Facts About .Fried
mann," shows an evident desire on
your part to be fair, since my letter of
June 15 Induced you to write to your
correspondent in Rhode Island.
The reply of your correspondent,
when analyzed, does not to my mind
justify the inference contained in the
first sentence of your article that my
remarks fell wide from the truth.
In the first place, your correspond
ent admits that the Governor of Rhode
Island gave Friedmann permission to
practice. In my judgment, the Gover
nor knows his power under the law
better than your newspaper corre
spondent, who may be ever so good a
newspaperman and still not know the
law better than the Governor of the
state, who has at his command - the
legal department of the state to guide
him in his official acts.
As a matter of fact. I repeat that In
Rhode Island, after a thorough inves
tigation conducted by the Governor
and after- Friedmann had treated nu
merous cases at the hospitals In Provi
dence, the Friedmann Institute of
Rhode Island was formally opened,
with the sanction of the Governor and
the State Board of Health.
Your correspondent refers to cases
treated In the state sanitarium for con
sumptives, and says the superintend
ent was bitterly antagonistic to Fried
mann. but permitted patients who so
wished to take the treatment. This he
was compelled to do through Instruc
tions received from his superiors, but
does It not seem significant that he
does not say any of them were the
worse for it. I can understand, con
sidering his antagonism, that he would
not confess to any improvement.
The paragraph referring- to Fried
mann taking: away suitcases full of
bills and checks is certainly a human
Interest touch to your correspondent's
story. No reasoning man can believe
such rot. If a man Is leaving a city,
does it sound reasonable to believe that
he will take local checks away with
him? No. He would deposit them in
the local banks, likewise the cash, and
take exchange for them.
As a matter of absolute truth, and I
can prove It, Friedmann never charged
more than $100 a treatment, very often
$50 or $25, and when the patient was
unable to pay, charged nothing. And
this will be the policy In all of the
Friedmann Institutes to be established.
As to the patients who died, your cor
respondent charitably admits that some
of them would have died anyway.
Friedmann never claimed to cure
tuberculosis where the lung tissue was
so far gone as to make the case hope
less, even if all the tubercles were de
stroyed. Most advanced cases of tuber-culosis-are
complicated with other dis
eases, and even if the patient were
cured of his tuberculosis, the other ail
ments would kill him.
The grreat hue and cry that the treat
ment Is dangerous is not raised by
your correspondent. He Is good enougn
to say that while none are better for
it, "none are worse." We defy anyone
to produce any patient who ever was
compelled to give his last money to
Friedmann and his assistants. This la
but talk, aad talk of the most idle
kind, without a scintilla of proof. 1
have In my possession the original
hospital records of over 400 cases
treated by Friedmann while In America
which I am pleased to submit to any
I reeat that Friedmann and his dis
covery have not and are not receiving
a square deal. The treatment and
method has undoubted merit, which is
admitted by most eminent physicians
who are personally opposed to Fried
mann's buslnes transactions, if it is
the means of saving only part of those
who succumb to the great white plague,
why not welcome it.
The Friedmann treatment shows its
greatest efficacy in moderate cases of
tuberculosis, and as a preventive it
will ultimately be adopted as Jenner's
vaccine for smallpox has been. The ad
vance and progress In the science of
healing is often opposed by well mean
ing but self-opiniated members of the
profession who later come to hall and
acclaim where now they assail and
seek to, drown through the disapproba.
Each day brings forth new proof,
new demonstrations of the true value
of Friedmann's wonderful discovery,
and the world will benefit from the
great and searching tests to which the
remedy has been and will be put, and
for its ultimate adoption by all who
treat tuoercuiosis.
The Friedmann institutes will not
and do not advertise. Thev n o u
strictly ethical as any doctor practicing
in Portland today, and they will con
tinue in a dignified manner to cure
and prevent tuberculosis, as they are
now aoing according to Dr. Fried
mann's method
Poets and Inspiration.
PORTLAND, July 4. (To the Ed
itor.) Your . excellent editorial June
29 on J'The Poetry of the Future"
aroused much interest. Optimism is
always better than rieanalr nnr
art have free inspiration never want
ing to observing students of life. But
there is a poetry of sadness that is
Instructive, if not popular, and often
beautiful because it haimr,r,lo
drawn from the kingdom of "unquiet
nearts- striving upwards. Like Mas
senet's "Meditations of Thais," it thrills
with noble riprifltlnn t-a , . i. . i
Milton was not born "too late" for the
service of humanity, yet his saying so
yonns a moral.
The poets of today will be better ap
preciated by our descendants than con
temporary critics, if we are to judge
the future by the past. Yet it Is dif
ficult to draw Inspiration from "steam
electricity and gasoline." A songbird
is never an owl. and a musician is not
necessarily a scientist in any age
"Symbolic subtlety" Is noble in the
mouth of a Wordsworth or a Kipling,
and there are evenings In eternity, not
without hope of succeeding mornings
when the "truth is wrapped in dark
ness," by no less geniuses than Homer
Jeremiah, Coleridge and Longfellow. A
darkness penetrable to minds with a
telescope, so to speak.
Homesteadlng Speculator's Lands.
EUGENE. Or.. July 3. (To the Edi-tor-
If the people of this state really
want to stop real estate speculation,
"land sharks" and "grafters," why not
put the homestead laws in force on
privately-owned land, other than home
steads, at taxable values? .
The taxes would eat up the Increase
in case the speculator -advanced his
value above the productive value of the
land, and if not the settler would home
stead It and make it produce. Every
farm would be a homestead.
The Petard.
PORTLAND, July 3. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly state the origin and lit
eral meaning of "Hoist with his own
petard." h. A. D.
The expression is from Hamlet and
means caught in his own trap. The
petard was an explosive contrivance set
off by a fuse and used in warfare to
create a breach In walls or other de
fenses. Women and Divorce Salts.
BEND. Or., July 2. (To the Editor.)
I am interested to know whether the
court awards of Portland show more
divorces in favor of women than men
for the year 1912. . . R. M. G.
Women outnumber men as plaintiffs
about 10 to 1.
A Cherry Colored Eye
By Addison Bennett.
As I entered the cafeteria In rather
an unpleasant frame of mind, with
thoughts of a late accident haunting
me, I was met almost at the door by the
little blonde. She gave me, as usual, a
cheery (not cherry) good morning, and
at once remarked, "How In the world
did you acquire such a picturesque
black eye." This, although given in an
interrogatory manner, did not seem to
be In the way of a question, so I side
stepped it by remarking that It was a
pleasant day after the rain, and there
would more than likely be a large
crowd at the ball game, as the Beavers
were playing wonderful ball, pennant
winning ball, and everybody ought to
"I think," continued the little blonde,
"that you are wearing the most pic
turesque black eye I ever saw; tell me,
did you fall out of bed. or were you
kicked by a nightmare?"
"My dear girl," I replied in my every
day voice, "some people inherit black
eyes, some people achieve black eyes
and others, like myself, have black
eyes thrust upon them. As you seem
to be honestly seeking information I
will explain to you how I had this
black eye thrust upon me. Last night
I was going up Eleventh street towards
my domicile when suddenly there ap
peared before me on the sidewalk a
large group of citizens, men, women
and children. I marveled greatly, for
the hour was rather late and Eleventh
street Is not usually crowded at that
hour of the night.
"Looking across the street, back
down the street and up the street as
far as I could see, I discovered other
crowds, and approaching me were 17
policemen. Then I suddenly remember
ed reading In The Oregonlan that a
cousin of the wife's brother of one of
the new Commissioners resides on
Eleventh street and Just then I dis
covered that the sidewalk was Jump
ing up in a most unsatisfactory and
unaccountable way. The higher It
jumped the higher I stepped and the
more warily I dodged, but in spite of
all I could do it smote me on the cheek
bone; hence this discolored eye."
"Did you look In your vest pocket
this morning to see how many tooth
picks you had cashed away the night
before?" queried the little blonde. I
knew she referred to another sad oc
casion, so I sidestepped again by ask
ing her If she had noticed an article In
The Oregonlan wherein Miss Brown
Eyes was accused of giving "cherry"
words of thanks to the customers. She
admitted she had and went on to say
that I seemed to have cherries on the
brain. "Well," said I. "this is not real
ly a black eye. Black eyes are pleblan,
common, unartlstlc this eye I am
toting around with me for the amuse
ment of my friends and others is a
genuine .cherry-colored eye.
"When P. T. Barnum was at the ze
nith of his greatness as a museum mag
nate in New York City there appeared
at the box office One day a tattered In
dividual who wished to Bee the great
showman. As that gentleman was near
at hand and easy of approach he
gained speech with Mr. Barnum and
" 'I have, Mr. Barnum, a wonderful
curiosity which would be a great at
traction for your museum I have a
genuine cherry-colored cat'.'
'"Where is this cat?' asked the show
man. " 'I have it around at the hotel.'
" 'AH right,' replied Mr. Barnum,
"Bring It around.'
" 'But how about the price for such
a wonderful curiosity?" asked the cat
"It was agreed that If the caf came
up to specifications and was In reality
a genuine cherry-colored feline the
showman would pay $250 for It, so the
stranger departed, and., going over to
the Bowery, he gathered in a stray bar
room cat. and, putting It in a sack,
went back to the museum. Mr. Bar
num appeared, took the stranger with
his bag into the private office, where
upon the stranger unloosed the sack
and out hopped a bob-tailed, one-eyed.
ornery-looking black cat. 'There's the
cat, Where's my $250?" 'Look here,'
said Barnum, 'you can't bunco me with
an ordinary black cat.' 'Well,' replied
the stranger 'isn't that cat the exact
color of a black cherry?' Mr. Barnum
saw the joke, coughed up the $250 and
thousands and tens of thousands of
people flocked to the museum to s
the cherry-colored $260 cat."
"What has that to do with that black
eye? asked the little blonde. .
aiy aear, - x went on, --you must no
longer accuse me of wearing- a black
eye that is a cherry-colored eye, a
real, genuine, cherry-colored eye, the
only one now on exhibition."
"You seem to be quite proud of It.'
continued the little blonde, "and quite
gay . about it.
"But see how artistic It is," I went
on, "how very artistic. But few men
could acquire so beautiful a black eve.
Why, I was so proud of it last night
that I Immediately went home, or got
home anyhow I was at home pretty
soon after the accident and in the way
of a celebration I ate up all three of
the gold fish from my aquarium."
"And this morning," remarked the
little blonde, "I suppose you found at
least two dozen toothpicks in your vest
pocket, each toothpick representing a
cherry and each cherry a cocktail and
then you drank all the water from that
flshless aquarium!"
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonlan of July 5, 1888.
Mount Hood ablaze. The great illu
mination plainly seen in Portland. The
ascending party caught in a storm of
snow and sleet. In the tower of the
big Kamm building there assembled a
very interested party, chief of whom
was Signal Observer E. J. Glass, who
sent heliograph messages to Mount
Hood. At 11:07 a light was seen through
the telescope to burn brightly about
the center of the mountain's western
Portland's celebration of the 112th
anniversary of the Nation's independ
ence yesterday was a complete success
in every particular. Better weather
could not have been made to order
neither warm nor cool, part clouds and
part sunshine, no rain and no dust.
Every able-bodied person participated
in the celebration and there was free
dom from accident or fire. The parade
ended at the Plaza, where Judge George
H. Williams delivered the oration. Rev.
T. E. Clapp offered prayer and C. M.
Idleman read the Declaration of Inde
pendence. A fireworks display was
given In the evening in Corbett's field,
on the hillside above the corner of
Eleventh and Montgomery streets.
A dinnnr and birthday party was
given to Mrs. Mary Royal yesterday
at the residence of her son, James
Royal, near Mdunt Tabor. "Grandma"
Royal was born in 1800.
Over 3Cp0 people witnessed a rather
unspirlted game of baseball between
the Portlands and Willamettes at Clin
ton and McCoy's grounds yesterday.
the latter winning hands down by a
score of 9 to 4.
First Day of Week.
PORTLAND, July 3. (To the Edi
tor.) Is Saturday or Sunday the last
day of the week? I know Saturday is
the last business day in the week. Is
not Sunday known over the world as
the seventh day of the week?
Sunday is commonly known as the
first day of the week.
Terse Tales
Pointed Storlea Told by Well-Known
Degrees of Reform.
Mayor Gaynor. talking of cltv gov
ernmbnt in New York recently, had
this to say:
"V e must not have one reform for
the rich and another for the poor. It
is as bad for the millionaire to gamble
in his club as for the laborer to gamble
in a stuss joint. It is as bad to be
come intoxicated on champagne as on
mixed ale.
"Too many reformers, so-called, think
that when a man is drunk on Fifth
avenue he is ill, and when a man is ill
on Third avenue he Is drunk."
A Hairline Balance.
Representative Pujo was speaking of
the currency in Washington recently.
"It must balance automatically and
delicately, it must resemble the Christ,
mas husband," he said.
" Oh, John, dear," said this chap's
wife, "I'm so sorry you've got all those
heavy parcels to carry!'
" 'Well, you see,' John panted, re
assuringly, -my pocket is very much
lighter now." '
Origin of Bull Moose.
Senator Finn, of Iowa, in a speech
at Pomona, was discussing Theodore
Roosevelt's sudden change of attitude
toward the Republican party. He gave
this very pertinent Illustration:
"A man, who had lived all his life
In a rural community in up-state New
York and had only seen the antiquated
little railway which served his small
hamlet, stood beside the New York
Central tracks shortly after the system
had been four-tracked.
"There passed by him interorban
trains carrying the workmen to and
from their work; Pullman trains carry
ing the more fortunate in life; the fast
mail holding- in its bosom papers of
state, letters on business and missives
of joy1 or sadness.
"He stood there lost In admiration;
and he thanked God that he lived In
a country that could produce such
marvelous system.
"Just then a slow freight went by
and he' got a cinder in his eye. And
what he said of that system thereafter
would not be fit for print."
When the noisy demonstration had
ceased, Mr. Finn drew his parallel on
the third-term, third-party candidate.
"Now the whole trouble with Teddy
I3 that the wire screening which cov
ered the smokestack of the steam
roller that he had taught Mr. Taft how
to use had become somewhat worn,
and Theodore got a cinder In his eye
at the Chicago convention.
"If I had the naming of this new
party, I would call it the Cinder party.
You would then be relieved of the em-,
barrassment of how to address the Cali
fornia women of the Bull Moose party.
You can't call them Cow Mooses; that
would not be polite. But If it were,
called the Cinder party, you could call
the men Cinderettes and the women
Love and the Neighbors.
Apropos of a scandal that had roused
Palm Beach during the Spring season,
Frederick Townsend Martin said whim
sically at a dinner in New York:
"Busybodies abound everywhere.
Love may be blind, you know, but the
neighbors always have their eyes
First State In the Vnlon.
The late Frank S. Black, ex-Governor
of New York, was noted for his humor,
as well as for his eloquence, illustrated
in "The Man on the Barrel Head'' and
other speeches.
During the Roland B. Mollineaux
case Black one day had occasion to
deprecate the praiso of a certain wit
ness.. . , ' ....
"Oh, we can all." he said, "find some
viewpoint or other wheretrom to lav
ish superlatives. I was once examin
ing a young man who had applied to
me for the place of stenographer.
"'What state are you from?' I asked.
"'I'm from this first state in the
Union, sir',' he replied.
"'New York State, eh?'
" 'No, sir; Alabama, sir.'
" 'But, said I, 'Alabama isn't the first
state in the Union."
" 'Alphabetically speaking, sir; al
phabetically speaking,' said the young
man." Chicago Record-Herald.
American Girl la Calm.
"The American girl," said Mayor.
Ainslie, at a bachelor dinner in Rich
mond, "is noted for her beauty and In
telligence, and she is also noted for her
adroitness. Circumstance can never,
confound her.
"A typical American girl, young and
beautiful, sat with her clear eyes fixed
ardently on the orbs of a young man
who, seated at her side, poured forth
his soul in a declaration of love.
"Suddenly the girl's brow darkened.
A look of pain overspread her face.
With a queenly gesture she silenced tha
love-stricken youth.
" 'Walt, wait!" she cried.
"The next moment the sneeze came,
and at once the ardent and tender glow
stole back into her eyes,, and. laying;
her hand on the young man's sleeve,
she murmured:
"'As you were., say-in;?. Alfred?'"
Sunday Features
Keeping Cool A page in colors
on how to beat the sun when it
finally makes its appearance
for a hot spell.
Trial Engagements A test is
far better than taking a head
long leap, says Rita Reese, who
has a lot of information and ad
vice to give young people with
matrimonial inclinations.
The Western Spirit The best
VELT'S Chapters of a Possible
Autobiography. It deals with
thrilling adventures in early
days out VTest.
Your Wife's Money She should
never have to ask for cash, says
a writer who claims to be some
thing of an authority on the
Acting Under Difficulties An
account of how. many "slaves
of the public" have appeared
on the stage under grave draw
backs. Paternal Government An inter
esting article from a Berlin cor
respondent on the turn towards
regulation by the state of every
action of the individual.
Is Your Milkman Sanitary?
This is a subject which you
should look into, as your health
is very much at stake.
Home Life of British Royal
Family An Englishwoman
gives a few close-range glimpses
into the domestic realm of King
George's household.
The Mollycoddles A snappy
short tale by Frederick V.
Order today of your Newsdealer.
The weather added to the sanity.
. 4