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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORXING OREGOXIAX. FRIDAY. JTTVE 6. 1913.
Kr.tercd at Portland, Oregon, Postofflce as
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Portland, nun ay, jtjxe 6, 1913.
ABUSING A FRIVII.KGK.
The referending of the workmen's
compensation law has one feature In
common with several other measures
that have been taken to the people by
Initiative or referendum. The Influ
ence or Interest that Is promoting a
vote on the Issue is working under
cover. It was so with the referendlng
of the publio utilities bill. It was so
with the Initiating of the Heusner
franchise. It is so with the referend
lng at those less Important measures
the county attorney act and the ster
ilization law. It is so to an extent
with the hold-up of the university ap
propriations. Men actuated by poll
tics, spite or personal interest have
teamed how to overcome the will of
the majority, at least for a time, with
out bringing down upon themselves an
avalanche of adverse public senti
ment. A procurable lawyer, a few
paid petition hawkers and several
days' work by them in the slums and
among voters who know little and
care less about laws passed for the
public weal will do the trick.
It 1b to this disgraceful end that the
direct legislative power is not occa
sionally but frequently prostituted.
The well-meaning portion of the pub
lic Is continually combated by skulk
ing enemies who call to their aid innu
endo, class prejudice, willful misrep
resentation and other powers of evil.
Our corrupt practices act is so elabor
ate that It Is trifling in some particu
lars, yet It does not reach or attempt
to reach the dishonest petition circu
lator. Signatures are solicited and ob
tained by grossest misrepresentation.
The law requires the filing of state
ments of campaign expenditures, but
the statement is not demanded until
after the issue has been settled at the
polls, and even then ways of avoiding
disclosure as to origin of funds are
numerous and frequently followed.
The corrupt practices act needs tight
ening. The solution of the problem of
petition abuses presents serious com
plications, but that of attack from am
bush is comparatively simple. It
would be easy to draft a measure that
would compel a revealing of the iden
tity of those who invoke the system.
The referendlng of the workmen's
compensation act Is typical In its dis
closure of the needs of reform in direct
legislative procedure. The act In
volves a principle the merit of which
Is established. Opponents of the prin
ciple are inconsequential In number.
They are rare Indeed outside the ranks
of the few beneficiaries of existing lia
bility laws, and those beneficiaries are
almost exclusively the casualty compa
nies and the lawyers who make a spe
cialty of personal injury cases. The
representatives of the casualty com
panies have subscribed to a statement
denying responsibility for the hold-up
of the measure. The so-called ambulance-chasers
have not spoken. Dis
satisfaction with the details of the act
as adopted might have Impelled a
group of employers or employes to at
tack the act through the referendum,
though the possibility is remote. If
either of the latter are backing the
referendum, their procedure is due
either to misconstruction of the pro
vision of the law or a misguided idea
of the way to improve it
The employer need not fear the
compensation law. It is elective, and
If he chooses not to be bound by it he
need not be. If he declines to accept
the act, it is true that the common law
defenses are denied him, but they are
practically denied him now by the lia
bility law, which will prevail if the
workmen's compensation law be de
feated. The compensation act Is elec
tive, too, as It concerns the employe.
Th workman, simply by giving notice,
can remain on exactly the same foot
ing In regard to his right to recover
for Injury as he would possess If the
voters reject the law. If either em
ployer or employe believes a better law
can be drafted, the initiative Is as
readily at hand as the referendum.
The latter need not be Invoked, but if
both initiative and referendum are
applied, two competing acts go before
the people at the same election, and,
as history has proved, one will defeat
the other regardless of majority sen
timent favorable to the principle In
volved. The case resolves itself into this:
The workmen's compensation law has
been referred to the people by inter
ests pecuniarily benefited by the old
law. else the movement is the product
f ignorance. The subterranean char
acter of the opposition indicates that
the flrst-named interest Is responsible.
As It is obviously hiding out of respect
to public sentiment, public sentiment
in demanding that it come to the sur
face will not prevail. The case em
phasizes the need for a lefral club to
drive such pernicious workers from
ambush. But the weapon's true value
would be as a deterrent. The motive
that now Impels concealment would be
trong enough in many Instances, were
concealment Impossible, to deter a per
nicious minority from activity at all.
1 iaiMsi:i F1UIRES.
The accidental transposition of a
column of election figures, throwing
other figures out of their place, in
the election tables of The Oregonlan
yesterday caused The Oregonlan to re
verse the relative positions of Mr.
Dieck and Mr. Brewster as Commissioners-elect,
and It has likewise led
our benumbed contemporary, the
Journal, to suggest that it is The Ore
gonlan, not the Journal, which Is "be
wildered." We meekly accept the re
buke and admit that the mistake was
particularly unpardonable In its lia
bility to mislead the Journal, which
never knows who is elected In Oregon
until The Oregonlan appears.
The Oregonlan gathers election re
turns with thoroughness and at very
considerable expense. It Is a task
that taxes the resources of any news
paper. Few Journals Indeed under
take to do the work on their own ac
count, but rely upon the easy method
of waiting ( for the returns to be
brought in. The Oregonlan sends meg.
sengers to all the precincts on the
night of election, and on succeeding
nights, and makes its own compila
tions. It is not surprising that in the
great hurry with which the labor Is
done, an error should here and there
be made; it is astonishing. Indeed, that
so few errors are made.
It may be recalled that The Orego
nlan on. Tuesday the day following
the election made the estimate that
Albee's plurality would be about 5500
votes. The actual plurality is 6412.
On Wednesday morning The Orego
nian was able to make the first an
nouncement of the election of Daly,
Dieck, Bigelow and Brewster, and to
give, besides, full and authentic in
formation as to all other candidates
and the initiative measures. It was
a very important news service ren
dered by The Oregonian In a matter
of real moment; but that is the busi
ness of The Oregonlan, and it does
whatever is to be done in the publi
cation 'of news with completeness and
without needless flourish.
Mr. Heusner submitted to the people
a franchise in terms prescribed by
himself, and it was heavily defeated.
The Oregon-Washington Railway &
Navigation Company and the Southern
Pacific made an open and frank appeal
to the public to sustain their fran
chise rights on the East Side, and a
verdict was promptly returned in their
favor. It was in each instance a con
spicuous illustration of the public's
acute understanding of the equities
and of fair dealing in their relations
with large business.
Mr. Heusner took the public into his
confidence only to the extent of declar
ing in outline what his unknown prin
cipals proposed to do. The city wants
new capital and It wants street rail
road competition; but it is not ready
to turn over to a promoter large and
Important franchise rights on his per
sonal assurance that the men to whom
he intends to assign his privileges are
Who are they? The public is enti
tled to know. When it learns, it will
grant a franchise on favorable terms.
In the meantime it will not permit Mr.
Heusner or anybody to blindfold its
eyes as a condition precedent to the
grant of a franchise.
HOW TO WIN AN ELECTION.
The eighteen leading candidates for
Commissioner, in the order of rank as
determined by the vote cast for them
in the recent city election, were the
In the eighteen are the entire twelve
indorsed by the Committee of One
Hundred, and six others who, by rea
son of personal popularity or political
strength, or support by special inter
ests, or otherwise, were formidable
candidates. Not one of the six was
successful, though a powerful effort
was made to elect several of them.
The first six of the eighteen were all
indorsed by the Committee of One
Below the lowest candidate of the
eighteen a candidate indorsed by the
Committee of One Hundred comes
the highest of the miscellaneous can
didates; but the drop is twenty-five
hundred votes. There are more than
fifty candidates who had less than 6000
votes on the three choices.
Clearly, the effort by the Committee
of One Hundred to bring about con
cert of action, so as to rescue the city
from the peril of undesirable candida
cies, was a remarkable success.
DEMOCRATS YIELD TO LOGIC.
The Democratic tariff framers in
the House turned aside from their
straight path toward free trade in
opposite directions and at times they
found themselves trying to travel in
both directions at the same time. They
angled for the farmer's vote with
duties on agricultural products, for
the consumer's vote with free food
products. In so doing they got them
selves into a boggle. They thought
to win the farmer by taxing foreign
wheat and admitting flour free, oblivi
ous of the fact that this would injure
both the farmer and the miller. The
Canadians would grind their wheat and
ship it across the border free as flour.
The English would import Canadian
and Argentina wheat, grind it at sea
ports and ship it to us as flour. Oats
and oatmeal, cattle and dressed beef
were treated in the same manner and
like results would have followed. Re
plenishment of our depleted herds was
to be obstructed by duties on cattle,
but cattle-growing and beef-packing
were to be stimulated in Argentina,
Canada and Australia by free admis
sion of meat. In their anxiety to pro
tect the farmer and to put the manu
facturer on a free trade basis, they
actually offered protection to the
foreign against the American manufac.
turer and took away from the farmer
with the one hand the protection
which they had given with the other.
The provisions of the Underwood
bill as originally drawn would not
only have built up the milling indus
try of Canada, England and Germany
at the expense of both the American
farmer and the American miller, but
would have stimulated the same in
dustry in China and Japan. Mills
have been built In those countries, but
the industry has languished for lack
or market for bran and screenings,
which compose one-third of the prod
uct of wheat. The Underwood bill
proposed to admit these by-products
free, without the proviso attached to
free flour, for free admission of the
American article to the country of
origin. With the American market
thrown open, not only to their flour
but to their bran and screenings, the
Japanese and Chinese could have shut
the Paciflc'Coast mills out of the Ori
ental market and have invaded the
American market, both on the Pacific
and Atlantic Coasts. The proposed
duty of 10 cents a bushel on wheat
would have been a direct aid to them
against the Americans.
The millers were in a peculiarly
strong position to attack these In
equitable provisions, for. unlike other
classes of manufacturers, they asked
no protection. They only asked Con
gress to do as other nations do im
pose a duty on flour and by-products
equivalent to the duty on wheat, or to
admit both wheat and Its products
free. They are ready to face compe
tition with the world, unaided by pro.
tectlon. They protest only against
being subjected to discrimination by
their own government. Their position
was unassailable and the action of
the Democratic members of the Senate
committee in putting both wheat and
flour on the free list is an admission
of the fact.
A DESIRABLE REVOLT.
A person fond of epigrams might
speak of the new spirit in the colleges
as "the revolt of the grinds." For
many years the miserable grind has
lain contentedly at the bottom of the
college community. The swell society
man has lorded It over him. The
glorious athlete has despised him.
However arduously he might toil, he
won no renown. The professors might
pretend to admire him in the lecture
room, but outside they joined in con
temning him and gave their genuine
suffrages to the beau and the football
champion. The grind, who excelled in
nothing but mere study, was the par
iah of the institutions of learning. In
tellect was ridiculed in its own home
and muscle exalted.
With muscle some other things not
quite so innocent were exalted. The
art of winning athletic victories be
came highly developed. It Involved
not only muscular prowess, but also,
and in a higher degree, that sort of
craft which distinguishes the political
manipulator. College athletics ac
quired more or less of the taint of
ward politics. It was also about as
mercenary as the mythical Big Busi
ness of which we hear so much.
With all this going on over their
humble heads, the grinds lay peace
fully In the mud of college life while
their betters walked upon them. Per
haps it is the world-wide spirit of de
mocracy which has roused them to as
sert themselves. Perhaps the college
communities as a whole are growing
ashamed of worshiping muscle and
craft instead of mind and wisdom. At
any rate, the grinds are lifting up their
heads and demanding a share in the
activities of their institutions. They
are asking for fame such as is show
ered upon the heads of the football
The two prize essays in the Harvard
Advocate's competition this year both
incite the grind to rebellion. Two
thirds of all the essays submitted for
competition took the same subject.
Revolt against the reign of the world,
the flesh and the devil in the form of
football and "society" is in the air. If
it thrives our colleges may again be
come seats of learning.
COPPER AND CANCER-
In moments of depression, when one
is disposed to complain that all the
world has gone money mad, a useful
corrective may be found by consider
ing how many scientists of first-rate
abilities are devoting their livs to the
investigation of cancer. Their re
searches are not likely to bring them
much wealth and they may be unpro
ductive even of fame, for the subject
is extremely difficult and discovery In
regard to it proceeds very slowly. Still,
the men of science persist and the pos
sibility that they may contribute even
in a small way to the good of mankind
is reward enough to hold them to their
task. Shut up in their laboratories,
away from the hum of the busy world,
they patiently try one experiment after
another, test new remedies and ex
plore new theories undiscouraged by
failure and made happy by the faintest
spark of success. Thus far it is ad
mitted that the cause of cancer is un
known. A number of more or less
plausible hypotheses have been ad
vanced to account for its appearance
and destructive growth, but none of
them has been found satisfactory In all
particulars. The problem of cancer
has yet to be solved.
Nor is there any "cure" for this most
frightful of diseases. Palliatives exist
which often give relief, and in some
cases seem to extirpate the tumor
completely, but they cannot be de
pended upon. The latest of these par
tial remedies is described in a nfeport
by Dr. Leo Loeb, who carries on his
researches in the Barnard Skin and
Cancer Hospital, at St. Louis. Dr.
Loeb makes a preparation of copper
with the aid of an electrical current
which has been found beneficial in a
great many instances, but he warns
the public that it Is liable to fail when
the tumors are unusually malignant.
That is, of course, exactly the time
when a true "cure" would not fail, and
Dr. Loeb very properly protests that
his preparation is not a cure. The
copper is divided into fine particles
and held in a sort of solution. It is
technically described as being in the
colloidal, or Jellified, state. Horticul
tural readers will recall that the fa
mous "Bordeaux mixture," which is
so effective against the fungoid ene
mies of fruit, is a colloidal preparation
of copper sulphate and lime. In the
view of some scientific men cancer Is
not unlike a fungus in its nature.
Hence it might be natural to expect
that some preparation of copper
should react favorably upon it.
Dr. Loeb has tested his remedy
upon human beings and obtained some
highly encouraging results. He finds
that his colloidal copper properly In
jected into the patient's system will
actually stop the growth of some ex
tremely dangerous tumors and com
pletely cure others. It Is not apt to be
effective when the patient is "run
down'" by the disease. The more ro
bust the general health is the better
for this as for other cancer remedies.
Hence the invariable warning is to be
gin in time, before the enemy is too
strongly fortified to be dislodged. Dr.
Loeb's preparation again fails, or is
pretty sure to fail, when the cancerous
cells have been transplanted to vari
ous parts of the body. This trans
planting process is characteristic of
cancer and forms one of its most ter
rible means of resisting medical effort.
The lethal cells migrate along the
channels of the system and establish
themselves in glands often far remote
from the original tumor. Thus the
whole body may become infested with
deadly seeds, and when one growth
has been destroyed others spring up
almost overnight. Such cases are
hopeless, in the present state of sci
ence. Again the precept is, "Begin in
time. Do not wait until the enemy is
Intrenched." Finally. Dr. Loeb's rem
edy fails, as we have said, when the
cancer is extraordinarily malignant.
But making all these concessions to
scientific conservatism, the blessed fact
remains that Dr. Loeb's copper prep
aration has checked the growth of
some cancers which were too deep
seated and too much entangled with
vital parts to admit of surgical opera,
tion, and In this way it has prolonged
life for many sufferers. But, not to
excite false hopes, it ought to be add
ed that, even after a cancer has been
checked by the copper preparation, it
is likely tq resume Its growth if
the doses are discontinued. Dr.
Loeb makes the discouraging state
ment that the copper tries the veins
severely and must sometimes be
stopped before it has completed Its
healing work. The patient then re
lapses. Still all Is not lost. There is a
preparation of casein which mv r..
Injected when the copper becomes
dangerous or in conjunction with it,
and the two remedies in co-operation
will often do what neither can do
alone. Dr. Loeb has another word of
hope. He Intimates that neither the
colloidal copper nor the casein may
prove to be the most powerful remedy
obtainable against cancer. The world
is full of substances which may possi
bly be more efficacious, and of course
physicians will go on trying them one
after another. Some bright morning
the right one will be hit upon and the
discoverer will be crowned with ever
lasting fame. In the meantime it can
not be too often -reiterated that the
safest of all remedies for cancer is the
surgeon's knife. It is always reliable
if the disease is taken in time.
Death from cancer usually results
from unpardonable delay. Any little
SOre Which Will not hpnl nrnmntlr
any insignificant growth which looks
uniamlliar, should be attended to in
stantly. Some physicians have the
bad habit of pooh-poohing such
lesions and telling their patients not
to worry about them. Their advice is
as bad as possible. This is a case
where worry is the only safe state of
mind until the beneficent knife has
done its perfect work.
The most unpopular man with
Democratic Senators and Representa
tives is Representative Britten, of Illi
nois, a Republican. He inserted in the
Congressional Record a list of Federal
offices not subject to the civil service
law and sent, out thousands of copies
with letters urging people to "pick out
the job you want and then see your
Democratic Congressman." This has
redoubled the clamor for jobs, which
was already loud enough, because
President Wilson is deliberately with
holding appointments until the tariff
bill is passed. The resentment of the
pestered Congressmen towards Mr.
Britten can only be equaled by that
against Mr. Wilson and Is doubtless
more openly expressed.
It is pleasant to read that the vari
ous state normal schools are graduat
ing big classes this season. The pub
lic schools need all the teachers who
have been trained for them, and a
great many more. It is a pitiful
thought that the rural schools, w here
competent Instruction is most sorely
needed, are often provided with un
trained teachers. The consolidation of
districts is one remedy for this, but
some way ought to be devised to raise
the general qualifications of the pro
fession. A larger attendance at the
Monmouth school would be encourag
ing. A woman student of the red man
told the Senate committee yesterday
that education of the Indian was a
failure, and the race would better
return to aboriginal ways and work
out its salvation. This is hardly fair.
An occasional Indian falls from grace
and his dereliction is heralded wide;
but seldom is a word said for the hum
ble hundreds who make good. ' Car
lisle has produced great baseball and
football players; now let her turn out
a champion of the ring and confound
The negro chauffeur of Governor
Blease of South Carolina has been
fined several times for speeding at
Columbia. The Governor gets even
each time by appointing an additional
liquor constable for the county In
which Columbia Is, and that city has
to pay half his salary of 90 a
month. The Governor has thus de
vised an Ingenious method of punish
ing a community for enforcing the
law. Blease must have a queer con
ception of the meaning of his oath
We shall soon see how much of a
"Czar" the Mayor Is to be under the
new charter. It is announced for one
thing that Mr. Albee proposes to dis
cuss his assignments with the other
four Commissioners. Czars do not dis
cuss. They decree arbitrarily. The
real question is not at -all what the
Mayor could do if he were a maniac
without a conscience, but what he will
wish to do as a man of sound sense
in view of his full responsibility to
While remembering the Maine, we
should not forget the states whose
names Congress refuses to honor with
battleships. Naval authorities say we
should have forty-eight dreadnoughts,
so there are Just enough names to go
Missouri factory girls refuse to go
to resorts where only soft drinks are
served their escorts. Probably feel that
soft drinks don't make the mn soft
enough to propose readily.
Another "lifer" doing his "bit" for
cold-blooded murder has been given
liberty. The man who does not swing
always Is sustained by hope if in the
Mexicans have nerve to protest
against the Arizona anti-alien law.
To be sure, they do it at long range,
showing proper respect for the Ari
zona code of ethics.
Heavy shipments of diamonds are
pouring into the country. That's
cheering news. We were afraid the
supply might run short.
Mistaking L. W. Hill for a farmer in
the sagebrush country was natural.
Farmers over there are prosperous,
and look it.
Jack Johnson may as well submit
and take his medicine. Decency is
bound to get him. despite technicali
ties. China will make a study of aerial
! navigation. What China needs most
1 is to get down to earth.
Now would be a great time to buy
Ross Island, the price to be based on
the acreage above water.
Meanwhile General Hearst's great
armies in the American-Japanese con
flict are marking time.
Rose has been elected Mayor of Los
Angeles. We'll repeat the perform
ance next week.
The building not decorated for the
Rose festival will be conspicuous in
Kansas is having heavy rains and
will need the 40.000 harvest hands af
Save a little energy for next week.
You'll need it.
Billions of roses are ready for the
AJIEBICAN HUSTLE SHOCKS JAP
i'renk CrirK-lsraa of Ilorltiasj-Cholrs,
("hcwliiK-tium, aud Chatter.
A Japanese who has spent consider
able time in the United States gives his
impressions as follows:
Some active minded women might ask
a Blow witted Japanese six different
questions before he could make up his
mind how to answer the first; and by
the time he opened his mouth the
charming questioner would as likely as
not be speaking to another guest. Just
as a Londoner once said of a New York
"It travels so fast that it takes one's
breath away, and by the time one re
covers his breath he finds he Is breath
ing somebody else's!"
The society people go to their Sum
mer resorts to rest, and there again
they entertain and are entertained ex
tensively, so that eventually they find
it necessary to seek other places, sani
taria even, for real rest. This condi
tion of things is but the result of the
extreme prosperity of the American
The abundance of saloons In the
large cities strikes casual observers as
totally irreconcilable with the simple
and austere life of the Pilgrim fathers.
out in ract it is a mere corollary of the
nobis principle, paradoxical as this may
sound. In older countries moderate
drinking In the company of wives and
children Is not considered wicked, but
In this country frail humanity has to
take a glass or two of strong waters
before public bars on Its way home
from the day's work so that when It
sits down to dinner with the family it
can drink water and yet be merry.
To me it seems that the American
Invention of chewing-gum, which, by
the way. Is now Invading prudish
England, Is also directly traceable to
the influence of Puritanism. Because
there are so many places and occasions
precluding the enjoyment of smoking
men began to use chewing-tobacco;
because women cannot smoke, at least
in public, chewing-gum was prepared
to place them on the footing of equal
ity with men.
Because they are paid for their work
servants are "help," and need not hu
miliate themselves by expecting or
thanking one for gratuities. Some of
them therefore simply say, "All right,"
when they take tips, as if to mean that
they allow you to do It. Because they
are equal they must all wear gold or
gilt watches, chains, rings and other
trinkets. Just as silver Is more in evi
dence where social or class distinctions
Because they are equal in opportu
nity and in spirit this Is, as far as I
know, the country with the least num
ber of beggars and petty thieves. So
far, so good; nay, admirable! But the
equal rights of all races and nationali
ties gave birth to that lamentable
lynch law, to the polite exclusion of
negroes, Jews and Chinese from cer
tain utilities or privileges.
I know a Christian countryman of
mine who married a Christian woman
born of an English father and a Japa
nese mother. She was well educated,
and had been a missionary In Japan
for some years. When she died she
expressed the wisn in her will that her
remains be burled in the cemetery of
a certain Christian city, but all the
efforts both of her bereaved husband
and her American pastor could not in
duce the management to sell a lot for
her Interment. The cemetery being a
business corporation, it could not well
afford to allow Its stock to fall In
price on account of a half Japanese
being burled there.
American hustling and restlessness
from which has tome many a labor
saving and time-saving mechanism,
command admiration, but an admira
tion that is ever tinged with pity. The
rocking-chair is characteristic of the
people who cannot keep quiet even
when they mean to rest.
WHAT TITLES COST HEIRESSES
Twenty-One Million Dollar Expended
by Three American Girla for Glory.
Kansas City Star.
Marriages between American heir
esses and titled foreigners have been
so frequent this year that newspapers
give them each only a paragraph, and
news of a divorce would command
scarcely more space. Perhaps the
price has decreased within the last few
years, but the following shows what
titles have cost some American girls:
"Anna Gould had to pay $11,500,000
for Count Boni de Castellane's lebts
and extravagances, and then married
the Prince De Sagan, who owed $4,
000.000. which she Is now helping to
The Earl of Yarmouth had his debts
of $2,000,000 paid by Alice Thaw and
had Jl.500.000 settled on him. A mil
lion of this was in real estate, and
was saved by the Thaw lawyers when
the couple separated. The earl soon
will wed a middle-aged and wealthy
English widow, and Miss Thaw recently
was married to an American.
Count Szechenyl had $5,000,000 settled
on him, of which he was to have the
Income for life, when he married
Gladys Vanderbllt. Three million more,
which she had as her share of the
Vanderhilt estate. Is gone, and four
years of the income with it. in the
count's efforts to be a financier.
Equalisation of Taxes.
McMINNVILLE. Or., June 3. (To the
Editor.) Does the State Board of Tax
Commissioners sit In judgment and ad
just the amount of taxation of the sev
eral counties in this state, and is the
Idea to have the assessment equal in
the different counties, or does the ad
justment of the assessment and taxa
tion of a county rest only with the
County Board of Equalization?
This county (Yamhill) assesses mort
gages at 60 per cent valuation, while
Polk County, adjoining, does not assess
them at all. and we here do not feel
as though this is equal taxation.
The intent of state equalization is
to adjust such differences in assess
ment as that mentioned in the forego
ing letter, to the end that each county
shall pay a share of taxes levied for
state purposes In proportion to the
value of taxable property located with
in such county's borders.
TROUGH, TOICH TROUGH.
(Thoughts of a fisherman on the
beauties of English spelling while
waiting for a bite at Columbia
Oh! Columbia Slough
Is a good place for yough
And me tough go tough.
Some fishing tough dough.
Besides there's a veough
Of a mountain or tough
Tough cheer us aneough
If our luck makes us biough
Through catching so feough
Of the 'fish for which yough
And I came tough the slough.
The magnificent veough
From this famous old slough
Should encourage both yough
And me tough renough
Our puraought of those fish
In Columbia Slough.
PORTLAND, June 4. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly publish the origin of
Mothers' day. the reason for observing
A-ay 11, and the significance of the car
nation in connection therewith ard
Mothers' day was founded by Anna
Jarvls. of Philadelphia. Its object Is
"to honor and uplift motherhood, and
to give happiness to 'the best mother
who ever lived.' ". The carnation is
the badge selected to signify that the
wearer is observing the day.
Half a Century Ago
Prom The Oregonlan of June 8. 1S83.
Primary elections for the choice of
delegates to the Union convention of
California have been held, and It Is
supposed that Stanford and Lowe, the
rival candidates for Governor, will be
about equally represented.
We are Informed by a friend. Just
returning from Victoria, where he hap
pened to be on the Queen's birthday,
that generally the American flag was
treated with becoming respect on that
anniversary, especially at the hotels
and by firemen, but that J. Nagle &
Co., shipping and commercial agents,
hoisted the rebel ensign and seemed
to glory in the base distinction of be
ing the only business house which so
disgraced Itself. Commodore Spencer,
of H. B. M. ship Topaze, also gave &
ball in honor of the same occasion on
board his vessel, where among other
flags recognized by his government as
having a nationality, he displayed the
miserable emblem of rebellion.
The Dalles City Council This enter
prising body has recently passed an
ordinance lunicting heavy taxes called
licenses upon the industrious popula
tion or tne Bandy city, and esDeciallv
upon the dealers In things to eat and
drink. This unprecedented outrage has
Justly aroused the Indignation of the
victims, and it Is proposed to test the
legality or tne ordinance.
We were shown yesterday a petition
with some 600 names attached, praying
the Governor to pardon a youth by the
name of William Hess, who has been
recently sentenced by the Circuit Judge
of Yamhill County to three years' im
prisonment in the penitentiary for
stealing a horse.
The committee of arrangements for
the celebration of the coming Fourth
want a skilled pyrotechnist to take
charge of and manage an exhibition of
fireworks on that occasion.
The steamer John H. Couch towed
up the bark Samuel Merrltt from the
mouth of the Columbia in the shortest
time yet made by any boat In bringing
up a vessel.
LOVE IS TOLD IN "PERSONALS.'
In Ensrland This Nempsper Depart
ment Is Called "Agony Column."
The agony columns in the newspapers
reveal many a story of blighted and
troubled love. Almost every day some
lovesick youth and maiden make the
newspaper the medium for the outpour
ings of their hearts, and their messages
often take the form of the most ex
"Why, oh, why, cannot we look Into
each other's eyes?" frantically implored
an advertiser In one of the London
dallies recently, addressing one "Fill."
"I suffer every moment we are parted.
Do break the silence and let us meet.
Your own Jackl."
Even this, however, was not quite so
extravagant in style as that of a
romantic "Romeo," who thus addressed
his divinity through the medium of a
prominent provincial paper.
"Last night I looked at your last let
ter. Thanks, thanks, my soul, my queen,
my star. I think of the future and
tremble with dread. My heart beats in
unison with yours. If we never meet
again, dear one no, that is unendur
able, and I only exist to behold again
your beauteous countenance. Until
then, desolation and misery Is mine."
Who was the lovelorn Frenchman
who thus addressed his London sweet
heart In a certain agony column:
"My own heart, thine Alfonso waits
for thee near the Marble Arch. The sun
is cold until I see thee. When thou
appear, thine eyes sparkle with the
love that springs from a tender heart.
And It was another sentimental
Frenchman who told the world his feel
ings in these words, printed in a Paris
"Thy feet make music in the stone
clad streets; thy voice Intoxicates the
gods; thy ears were made for whisper
ing loves, thy lips for passionate kisses.
Won't you write to me?"
Let us. hope she did. If only as a re
ward for such compliments.
PORTLAND, Juno 4. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly publish the date of the
Sioux massacre in Minnesota: also the
date of the execution of the Indians
at Mankato, Minn.
H. E. WEYMOUTH.
The great Sioux uprising In Minne
sota occurred in August, 1862. Sev
eral bands of Santee Sioux under their
chief. Little Crow, suddenly and with
out warning, attacked the settlers. In
the massacre that followed about
eight hundred settlers and one hundred
soldiers lost their lives. An expedition
under General Sibley fought several
desperate engagements with the In
dians and drove them westward to the
Missouri River. About three hundred
of the Indians were captured and of
these thirty-eight of the leaders were
hanged on one scaffold at Mankato De
cember 24 of the sams year. Little
Crow, while a fugitive, was shot by a
settler In July. 1863?
rblckens ill the City
PORTLAND, June 4. (To the Editor.)
Kindly allow me space for a few
words In reply to "Chicken Fancier,"
who fails to mention the chief cause of
complaint against chickens in the city,
viz. the noise they make when the
majority of people need to sleep.
Hold Chanticleer proclaims the mom.
No doubt he's very right:
But I wish he'd not begin the hour.
So near the dead of night.
Chickens seem to know that the early
bird catches the worm, but they fall
to follow the precept- "Let not the
right hand know what the left hand
doeth," and when Biddy has laid an
egg. she keeps bragging about It to the
rest of the flock.
As poultry cannot be muzzled they
certainly should be excluded from
closely-built city districts. p.
Statute of Limitations.
SEASIDE, Or., June 3. (To the Edi
tor.) Can a bill for merchandise goods
amounting to $30, bought In Chicago
nine years ago, be collected? Is there
not a law at the present time that
makes that bill outlawed?
C. W. KIRKWOOD.
A debt becomes outlawed under the
Minnesota law at the expiration of
five years. The Minnesota statute
would apply in attempts to collect the
money in Oregon.
PORTLAND. June 4. (To the Edi
tor.) A and B are located on property
adjoining. Part of their buildings, ma
chinery and fences are partnership, each
owning one-half interest. Can A trans
fer, sell, or remove any of said part
nership property without B's consent?
E. A. C.
Yes; except as to removal of a line
fence. Sale or removal of partnership
property would usually give B legal
standing in a suit for dissolution of
Coal Dust for Stump Burning.
PORTLAND, June 4. (To the Editor.)
Sometime ago I wrote to thd Scien
tific American asking if coal or peat
dust could not be burned in the same
manner as crude olL They answered
that It could be done, but the trouble
was It burned everything up. destroy
ing furnaces. If this Is so, why could
not coal dust ba used to burn out
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonlan of June 6. 1SSS.
Washington. June 5. The announce
ment of the Republican victory in
Oregon created profound rejoicing
among Republican members of Con
gress. This morning Representative
Hermann In the House extended to the
majority of the ways and means com
mittee the compliments of the people
of Oregon, adding. "With this message
Oregon has voted for protection bv a
majority of 3000 votes."
St. Louis. jUI1e 5. The Democratic
National Convention began this morn
ing. Stephen M. White, of California,
was elected temporary chairman.
Republicans have not yet fully
realized the extent of their great vic
tory. Hermann's total majority so far
Is amazing, yet cannot be muchreduced
and may be Increased. It is so far
Saturday Mrs. Mary F. Grlswald died
at her home. 328V? North street.
The regular monthly meeting of the
Tollce Commissioners was held lat
evening, President Bourne In the chair.
A communication was received from
Chief of Police Parrlsh notlfvlng the
Board of the death of Policeman
The Burton House property, 5.(1x95
feet, being lot 2 In block 24, Couch's
Addition, at the northeast corner of
Third and F streets, on .which Is a
three-story brick building, was sold
at executor's sale yesterday by A. B.
Richardson for $18,500. It was' bid oft
by R. Hcndrle, it is understood for S.
Junius Mayer, of Fleckensteln & Mayer.
The price paid Is considered low. The
property belonged to the estate of
James J. Burton, who came here from
England in 1842 and took up the land
on which Portland now stands as a
donation claim, but afterwards aban
doned it and located at North Yam
hill. Bids were opened yesterday at the,
office of H. J. Hefty, architect, for a
two and a half-story residence to bo
built at Eleventh and Jefferson streets
for J. Bulllvant. Lowest bids totaled
Robert J. Burdette, the famous
humorist, will lecture at the Mechanics
Pavilion Friday and Saturday evenings.
Rev. H. K. Hlnes has returned from
Boise City and will deliver the educa
tional address before the East Port
land public schools next Sunday.
Miss Cora Packard, principal of the
Holladay school, will leave for Astoria
The Republican ticket In Multnomah
County Is over 300o ahead.
Zoo Animals Need Better Care.
PORTLAND, June 4. (To the Edi
tor.) Having visited the City Park the
other day, and being a c lose observer of
animal and bird life. I would like to
say a few words regarding care of the
Zoo. I believe that it would be far
better to vote on an appropriation to
sustain and enlarge the collection of
animals at the City Park than to vote
on a franchise or for a bridge that Is
not needed. Portland Is too prosperous
and too beautiful a city to have so few
animals and such poor accommodations
for them. I know of no other city tho
size of Portland that has such condi
tions as exist in the City Park. I con
sider It cruelty. I suggest that as a
new Mayor has been elected, and as he
Is to take up ,the reins soon, he do
something to better the conditions. We
have a nice natural park, and some
thing to bo proud of, but the animals
and birds need attention.
Flag Day and Holidays.
TONO, Wash.. June 3. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly publish why June 14 was
made "Flag day." The Ignorance of
the public as to Its origin and purpose
is astonishing. Also name the days
that are National holidays.
June 14 is the anniversary of the
adoption of the flag. There are no
"National holidays." Public holidays
are named by state, not Congressional
BROWNSVILLE, Or., June 3. (To ths
Editor.) Does a verbal lease on a
building hold good under the Oregon
A Verbal lease can be enforced for
one year. It Is valid for a longer period
in event improvements such as indicate
expectation of occupancy and use are
made with the knowledge of and with
out objection from the lessor.
Pink Whiskers J. Hamilton
Lewis' brilliant hirsute luxuri
ance is commonly reputed to
have made him, but the Senator
gives an interview in which he
denies that all there is to him
is those pink whiskers.
Champion Office Holder He
has been holding down public
places for 55 years and is to re
tire only because he can't sit in
a judicial chair any longer.
Unknown Republic Found Rus
sian explorers, in the heart of
Siberia, come onto strange gov
ernment, peopled by descend
ants of early Russian convicts.
An unusual feature.
Are Men Chatterboxes? Laura
Jean Libbey asks this question
and proceeds to give a most in
The Messengers A love story
by RICHARD HARDING DA
VIS. Schools at Sea How (he United
States Navy will be utilized to
give finished educations to
thousands of young men.
Death and the Millionaire A
short story by Alt'onse Court
lander. Nature the First Inventor
Many great patents are in
fringements on Nature's plans.
Gibson Pictures The widow is
disturbed by a vision which ap
pears to be herself.
Theodore Roosevelt He writes
the eleventh installment in his
Don't Swat the Fly! That's
the newest health cry. The
thing to do is starve the fly.
Order today of your