Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 21, 1913, Image 1

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VOL. LII-NO. 16,274.
Commerce Board
Will Take Charge
Official Says Need of Regula
. tion May Be Found.
Attorney-General Declares That on
Books It Has Invested Capital
Stock Valued at Almost
Six Hundred Million.
WASHINGTON'. Jan. 20. Regulation
by the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion of the American Telephone &
Telegraph Company, and not the com
pulsory competitive provisions of the
Sherman anti-trust law, wl'.l he the
means of solving in large measure the
so-called "telephone trust" problem,
according to Attorney-General Wicker
sham, who announced today that he
had referred the whole question to
the commission for Investigation and
This move terminates the Investiga
tion by the Department of Justice of
the alleged $600,000,000 telephone trust
against which Independent telephone
companies have made charges of un
fair treatment, and of the employment
of methods destructive of competition,
laaalry to Be Thorough.
The commission's investigation will
be far-reaching in effect, and out of It
is expected to grow the outline of a
Governmental policy with respect to
the telephone aud telegraph. It must
be determined, according to officials,
whether. In the interest and conveni
ence of the public, a telephone or tele
graph monopoly under rigid regulation,
should be tolerated by the Federal
Government: or whether the Govern
ment should take over utilities; or
finally whether competition should be
enforced under the Sherman anti-trust
law and monopoly prohibited.
Chairman I-ane. of the Interstate
Commerce Commission, formally an
nounced tonight that "in response to
Information submitted to it today by
the Attorney-General." the Interstate
Commerce Commission would make an
Investigation Into the operations, rates
and practices of the various telephone
Ceunplalats Are Dlsrassed.
Pointing to the complaints which
have been lodged with the Govern
ment against the American Telephone
& Telegraph Company. generally
known as the Bell telephone system,
the Attorney-General says In his com
munication to the commission:
"Many of these questions, it seems
to nie. cannot be dealt with appropri
ately by the law department of the
Government, but should be made the
sublect of regulation after a careful
Investigation of the whole subject by
your honorable body.
"Stste regulation cannot be a satis
factory method of ultimate solution of
the question arising out of telephone
operation. The value of a telephone
service depends largely upon the facil
ity of connecting every Individual tele
phone i:sor with any point upon any
telephone line In the United States,
but tins should be attained under con
ditlons wbich secure to the public the
maximum of convenience upon the most
reasonable terms consistent with a fall-
return upon the investment and under
suitable supervision and control by
your honorable body."
Iwer Safflrleat la Belief.
Mr. Wlckersham holds that the com
mission has ample power of Investiga
tion on Its own Initiative and lie points
to the section of the law specifically
authorizing the commission to fix just
and reasonable rates and to prohibit
unjust and discriminatory practices by
telephone and telegraph companies.
Continuing. the Attorney-General
"No comprehensive investigation Into
the organization, management and con
duct of telephone companies, so far as
I am aware, ever has been had by Gov
ernmental agency. The investigation of
this department has dealt only with
certain suggested violations of the
Sherman anti-trust act. but the whole
problem of the relation of Govern
ment to the transmission of Intelligence
by telephone and telegraph Is one of
such far-reaching Importance and so
affects the welfare of the entire com
munity, that It appears to me to be
a subject which should be thoroughly
studied from the standpoint of the
public, in order that a governmental
policy with respect to the telephone and
telegraph business intelligently may
be formulated and adopted."
Bnaiaeaa la Large.
Calling tho commission's attention to
the Immensity of the subject. Mr. Wlck
ersham said:
"There are said to be some J0,00i
; Independent telephone companies, rep-
resenting Investments aggregating
i many millions of dollars which to
i gether operate somewhat more than 4,
uv.0v telephones. No one of these
companies represents capital or busi
ness comparable In siae with that of
(Concluded oa !' t.)
Committee Compiles With Wlslies of
Wood row Wilson, Who Wants
Ceremony Aboll.-hed.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20. The time
honored Inaugural ball, the climax of
the ceremonies incident to the inaugu
ration of Presidents of the United
States, will not be given this year. In
compliance with President-elect Wil
son's wishes, the inaugural committee.
at a special meeting today, unanimous
ly decided to eliminate It.
The committee also decided that a
public reception at the Capitol or else
where, suggested by Governor Wilson
as a substitute for the ball, was not
within Its Jurisdiction, and. if one Is
held. Congress must appropriate money
and make the necessary arrangements
for U. The committee took the posi
tion that the proposed reception would
be a governmental function, under the
control of the joint Congressional In
augural committee.
The members of the joint Congres
sional committee on the inauguration
are Senators Crane of Massachusetts,
Bacon of Georgia, and Overman of
North Carolina, and Representatives
McKinley of Illinois, liucker of Mis
souri, and Garrett of Tennessee. Sen
ator Crane declined today to express
an opinion regarding the proposed re
ception, saying that the matter had not
been placed officially before the com
mittee. Governor Wilson's wish, in the event
of there being a public reception on
March 4, is that Mrs. Wilson and the
Misses Wilson should not be expected
to attend. This Information was con
veyed today to the Inaugural commit
Order for 18 Engines Placed, of
Which 40 for O.-W. K. & X.
Nearly two-score new locomotives
will be received by the O-W. R. & K.
Company for distribution over the sys
tem before June 1, in accordance with
a general order for 1S9 engines recent
ly placed by the Hsrrlman officials.
This is one of the heaviest orders of
the kind ever- placed by the Harriman
lines and calls for an expenditure of
approximately 13,500,000. The order
includes S3 of the latest type passenger
locomotives, 55 Mikado freight engines
and five of, the high-power Mallet con
solidation type, designed for heavy
freight service. Most of them will be
oil burners.
These orders were placed with the
builders before the recent Union Pacific-Southern
Pacific "unmerging" de
cision was rendered by the Supreme
Court and Includes motive power for
the Southern Pacific as well as for the
Harriman lines proper.
The passenger engines will be placed
in servico on the main lines, while the
freight engines will be "broken in" at
the beginning .of next season's fruit
and grain harvest.
Portland Firm Makes Iow Bid of
914.23 In Government Contract.
SEATTLE. Wash.. Jan. SO. (Special.)
Only three firms submitted bids to
day to the Quartermaster's department
of the United States Army, to fur.'ish
3.000,000 feet of lumber to be sent to
the Philippines. The figures were from
$2 to 94 higher than those submitted
a year ago.
The bidders were the Tacoma Mill
Companyat J16.50 for each 1000 feet:
the Douglas Fir Sales Company, of
Portland, lowest oiuoer, at si4.2s, ana
the Balfour-Guthris Trust Company,
of Tortland, at $14.25.
The specific contract calls for 2,
317.737 feet rough merchantable lum
ber with, a small amount of ceiling,
to be delivered at Seattle. Tacoma or
Portland in March or April. The bids
opened today will be forwarded to
Washington and awards will be made
by telegraph.
Several of the leading manufacturers
of Puget Sound, Grays Harbor and
Tortland. who heretofore have sub
nutted bids, made no effort to secure
the contract.
South Carolina Governor Says State
Troops Shall Not Attend Inaugural.
COLUMBIA. S. C, Jan. 20. After all
arrangements had been made for a
batallion of South Carolina troops to
attend the Inauguration of President
elect Wilson, Governor Blease issued
a statement today saying he would not
permit them to leave the state.
He assigned several "easons. one of
them that he as commander-in-chief,
had not received an invitation and that
lie would not let troops go unless an
invitation was extended.
As no formal invitations have been
given, it is not likely that the South
Carolina troops will participate in the
ceremonies. The militiamen had paid
in advance for quarters they had In
tended to occupy In Washington.
Joseph Tuffree Succumbs Within
Month of 103d Birthday.
MARSH.MA.TOWN, la.. Jan. 20.
Joseph Tuffree, who would have been
103 years old In less than a month.
died In his home here today.
Tuffree la said to have been the old
est member of the order of Elks In
the world, having Joined the organisa
tion on his 100th birthday anniversary.
Senators Bean, Calk
ins, Day in Limelight
At Least Lane County Solons
k Would Appeal! 910 Law.
Multnomah Lawmaker Would Slake
Full Naturalization Necessary to
Casting Ballot In Oregon As
sembly May See War.
STATE CAPITOL Salem. Or., Jan. 20,
(Special.) Two proposed constitu
tional amendments, one Introduced In
the shape of a resolution today and the
other coming tomorrow, also In the
shape of a resolution, both lor refer
ence to the people, promise to be of
ar-reachlng Imprtance and one, at
least, probably will develop a heavy
fight in the Legislature and surely
prior to the general election. If adopt
ed by the Legislative Assembly.
One of these Is a resolution to be in
troduced tomorrow by Senators Bean
and Calkins, of Lane, to repeal the
home rule amendment, passsed by the
people in 1910.
The other is a resolution introduced
today by Senator Day. of Multnomah
County, changing the constitution pro
vision as to the eligibility of voters.
Day's resolution proposes that no one
shall be qualified to vote unless he or
she Is a citizen of the United States,
the gist of the amendment being to
deprive the right of suffrage to those
aliens who have received only their
first papers.
Full Naturalisation cessary.
The amendment eliminates the con
stitutional provision which-allows any
one ""Who has declared his irjt'',V
of becoming a citizen of the Vilced
States" to vote. Under the pri-sed
amendment only those who have their
full naturalization papers may vote.
The proposed repeal of the home rule
amendment emanated from Bean and
Calkins, but probably will receive the
approval of the Governor, at least those
Senators are desirous of securing the
approval of the executive.
The amendment called the home rule
amendment was adopted in 1910 after
a bitter struggle before the general
election. It extends to Incorporated
cities and towns the right to control
(Concluded on Page 10.)
bhv4 fx . t i r aJr a b-sw i . m 1 r
I ' : ;
Presidential Ballot Due in National
Capital by January 2 7 or Bearer
Faces Fine of 91000.
MARSHFIELD. Or., Jan. 20. (Spe
clal.) Racing against time with the
returns of the Presidential election of
Oregon which he must deliver in Wash
ington by January 27 or be BUbject to
a fine of $1000. Hugh McLatn left here
at midnight Monday.
Mr. McLaln when at Salem last week
understood that he had until February
13 to deliver the returns In Washing
ton, but today he discovered that the
United States laws required him to
deliver the votes there not later than
the last Monday in January. Inv
mediately upon finding out that he had
been misinformed, Mr. McLaln made ar
rangements to start on his Journey and
left at midnight on the race after
having made arrangements for relays
of teams to carry him out to the rail
road, where he will embark for the
With the present state of the roads
the chances are against him making
the trip on time, as it is a long and
hard run to the railroad and with bllz
zards and snowslides to hold up the
trains Mr. McLaln realizes that he has
hard and exceedingly doubtful trip
Virginia Product or Inangural
Gown Is Compliment to Parent.
NORFOLK, Va Jan. 20. (Special.)
When President-elect Ilson- is in
augurated "his daughter. Miss Eleanor,
will wear a dress made from slk man
ufactured in Norfolk. This announce
ment was made today after rhe annual
meeting of the stockholders of the An
dreas Silk Company, of this city.
J. P. Andre Mottu. secretary of the
company, said that Miss Wilson-was
offered the silk dress in November,
when her father was elected President
of the United States, and she was asked
to designate the shade desired. She
chose the outside petal of an American
Beauty rose and the dress Is now being
made in New York. It will cost $650
and will be delivered early ln Febru
ary. The dress will be placed on exhi
bition in a department store In this
city before it is sent to Miss Wilson. .
The company has decided to name the
shade of silk "Melrose" in honor of
Miss, Wilson, who Is said to .have "ac
cepted the dress from the local con
cern because she wanted to pay a com
pliment to her father's native state.
Bank Clerk Who Wrote of Motoring
With Edith Taliaferro Retracts.
NEW YORK. Jan. SO. (Special.) A
suit for $100,000 for libel brought by
Edith Taliaferro, the actress, against
Dean Larrabee Weaver, a clerk In the
banking house of Spencer Trask & Co.,
son of a Presbyterian clergyman, was
settled out of court today.
Washington HouseJun.
, ket Approved.
Cost of Week's Journey Would
Total $8500 Party 'Dry.'
"Reckless Expenditure Which People
Would Never Excuse" "Chance
of Getting Marooned by Snow"
Heard Against Scheme.
STATE CAPITOti, Salem. Or., Jan.
20. Special. ) Memorializin s Con
gress that $1,400,000 become lmmedl-'
ately available for the completion of
the Celllo Canal and the opening to
free navigation of the Columbia and
6nake rivers that they might be open
during the -year 1915, Senator Joseph
Introduced a joint memorial In the
Senate today. Similar action was -,
taken today also in the Washington
OLYMPIA, Wash., Jan. 20. (Spe
cial.) The House of Representatives
today-adopted a resolution providing
for a state-wide junket of the entire
Washington Legislature to inspect all
state Institutions which are asking for
state money. The resolution provides
for a week's trip by special train be
ginning next Friday.
From Olympia the plan Is to proceed
via the Northern Pacific directly to
Vancouver, Wash., where. In addition
to inspecting the institution for the
deaf and blind, 'the legislators will in
spect the proposed Interstate- bridge
project to ascertain its need and prac
ticability. From Vancouver the plan is
to route the train through to Spokane.
The action of the House on the reso
lution came as a surprise, inasmuch as
the proposition was not taken seri
ously by many members and persons
who have been keeping tab on the do
ings of the session. The vote was 54
to 41 in favor of the resolution.
It Is predicted that the Senate will
throttle the resolution tomorrow. While
the vote has not been checked up It Is
declared that there Is little chance of
it being adopted unless there is a
change of sentiment The action of the
f Concluded on Page 2.)
. I
Executive Will Return to New Haven
Early in April and Take TJp
Professorship Duties. .
NEW HAVEN. Conn, Jan. 20. At the
regular meeting of the Yale Corpora
tion President Taf t formally accepted
today the appointment as Kent pro
fessor of law at Yale. The President
announced his intention of withdraw
ing from the corporation when he takes
up the regular duties of his professor
ship. He plans to come to New Haven early
in AprlL He also will give some in
struction in the law school, but his
exact courses there have not been de
The Kent professorship was estab
llshed in 1S01, being named In honor of
Chancellor James Kent, of the class of
178L There have been four covenants
of the chair Chief Justice David D.
Daggett, of Connecticut; Clark Bissell
and Henry Dutton, both Governors of
Connecticut, and Edward J. Phelps,
-Once American Minister to England.
The Rev. Joseph H. Twlchell, of
Hartford, of the class of 1859, senior
fellow ol the Yale Corporation, an
nounced his resignation at the meeting
today, after 38 years of service.
Theasurer Day announced that gifts
amounting to more than), 170.000 had
been made to the university since the
November meeting.
Immediately after the corporation
meeting President Taft left for Wash
ington. :
Despite Injury to Eyes in Air Miss
Benetta A. Miller Lands Safely.
NEW YORK, Jan. 20. (Special.)
Though blinded by an oil cup explosion
while in the clouds over Hempstead
Plains today. Miss Benetta A. Miller
retained her nerve, guided her aero
plane to the ground, 1800 feet below,
and alighted without injuring herself
or the machine.
Miss Miller, who will guide an aero
plane in the Inauguration parade, was
trying for an altitude record. Sud
denly a cup which held oil for the cyl
inders of the irfotor exploded .and oil
and glass flew into Miss Miller's eyes,
blinding her. For a few seconds she
lost control of the aeroplane and it
worked as if about to drop plummet
like to earth. Miss Miller tried to
wipe the oil from her eyes with her
gloves, but only further obstructed
her sight.
Realizing that unless she got instant
control of the machine she would be
killed. Miss Miller volplaned, although
having no idea in which direction she
was going.
Soon she heard a shout from the
spectators. After maneuvering slowly
and aided by shouts from persons on
the field, she managed to land safely.
City Jail, Over-Taxed, Has More Men
. Than Bonks at Present.
Prisoners at the City Jail will have
to take turns sleeping, until further
notice. Only by this expedient, says
Chief of Police Slover, can the aver
age number of men now held at the
jail be taken care of. Beginning last
night, a night shift of janitors was or
ganized, and spent the hours of dark
ness in cleaning up the various apart
ments of the police building. Today,
while the sleepers of last night are at
the same work, they will take their
turns at the bunks.
Confronted by the fact that he had
eight more prisoners than there were
bunks, Chief Slover hit upon this as
the only solution of the difficulty. On
inquiry he learned that the accom
modations were fully taxed at the
County Jail, at Kelley Butte and at the
Linnton rockpile.
The rule will go in force also at
L-tnnton, as conditions may require,
and a. night crew will do such work
as can be done, and will get their sleep
In the daytime.
Washington May Spend $130,000 on
Exhibit at Big I'air. .
OLYMPIA, Wash., Jan. 20. (Special.)
A tepee 150 feet high, SO feet in
diameter at the base and 16 feet at
the top, built of logs, will be the exhibit
of Washington at the Panama-Pacific
Exposition if a plan of Senator Bethel,
of Lincoln County, Is adopted. The Idea
is outlined In a bill which will be In
troduced in the Sena'.e here tomorrow.
Mr. Bethel proposes to secure an ap
propriation of $130,000 for the structure,
which he declares will be the most
unique and wonderful ever erected. He
plans to have the logs from which it
Is made all from the forests of this
state. Inside the tepee will bs a number
of floors with elevator service.
An observatory will be fitted at the
Stress of Campaign Causes Xervous
Prostration and Fatal Illness.
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah.. Jan. 20.
Mrs. Edyth EllerbecK Keaa, member
of the lower bouse of tho Utah Legis
lature, died today from nervous pros
tration, fhe was elected on the Re
publican ticket at the last election and
her condition became critical follow
ing an exciting campaign. j
Mrs. Read graduated from Leland j
Stanford, Jr., University.
Creation Larger Than
Supposed, He Says.
Sun, Still Young, Shifts North
ward, Is His Declaration.
Pole Star Found! by Director at
Lick's Observatory to Be Three
Suns Others Are Said to Be
Double and Triple Bodies,
BAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 20. (Special.)
That the universe In which human
ity dwells is halt again as large in
scale as the world has supposed; that
the sun is still youthful, and keeps
traveling northerly at the compara
tively leisurely pace of 20 miles a sec
ond, or only two-thirds the average
speed of stars of Its own class;
that the north star is not really
a single star, but consists of throe
suns revolving about a common center
are some of the latest scientific dis
coveries announced by Director W. W.
Campbell, of Lick Observatory, of the
University of California.
The announcement of the discovery,
made yesterday by the state univers
ity, is regarded as an Important addi
tion to the world's Bclntlflc knowl
edge. Speed of Stars Increases.
What is considered one of the great
est contributions to cosmology the
Lick Observatory has mad,e is Direc
tor Campbell's proof, by spectrograph
observations, that stars in the earlier
stages of their existence are traveling
slowly through space and that their
speed Increases with their development.
This had not been suspected and is
considered highly important in inter
preting the life of the universe.
Only 15,000 nebulae have been ob
served, but the astronomers at i.lcK
Observatory have proved that several
hundred thousand nebulae visible to
the telescope or the camera, await dis
covery when opportunity can be found
to undertake the work. Most nebulae
have a spiral form. Thta discovery
was unexpected and Is taken as posi
tive proof of their rotation.
Double and Triple Stars Found.
Observations made ai Lick Observa
tory have proved that vast numbers of
stars which even to the most power
ful telescope look like one, are either
double, triple or quadruple. Worn
with the spectroscope showed that at
least one star in every four Is double.'
The first magnitude star, Capella, for
Instance, consists of two stars nearly
equal In brightness, which revolve
around their common center every 104
When Dr. Campbell first went to
Lick Observatory comparatively few
double stars were known. He turned
the great 36-inch telescope, then the
largest In the world, upon this prob
lem and in the years since Lick ob
servers have discovered over 4000 stars.
Discoveries at Lick Observatory have
made the graduate astronomical de
partment of the University of. Cali
fornia famous throughout the country.
Three extra moons were found for Ju
piter by the local astronomers, the
planet's sixth, seventh and eighth sat
ellites having been discovered In 19'J,
1904 and 1905.
' Ideas of Universal Chasce,
Among other discoveries of the uni
versity astronomers are more than 30
comets. . It has also been shown that
the principal 'new stars" which now
and then blaze In the heavens, only to
fade away, havo been converted in
nebulae and the nebulae stage passes
later, in the course of many years, to
the ordinary ste;iar conditions.
The newly-achieved knowledge of the
Lick Observatory as to how heavenly
bodies are born and live and die will
do much toward causing students of
astronomy to change many of their
ideas of the universe. Nowhere In the
world Is more being done to expand
man's knowledge of the stellar uni
verse than at the Lick Observatory of
the University of California on Mount
Hamilton. '
Exclusion Held to Be for Crimes
. Abroad Wilhout Conviction.
NEW YORK, Jan. 20. Secretary
N's.gel. of the Department of Commerce
and Labor, will bo askod to reverse the
action of the board of special Inquiry
excluding Cipriano Castro from the
United States on .the ground that the
board exceeded Its power. The brief
sent to Washington today in Castro's
appeal asserts that the immigration
authorities practically tried the ex
President of Venezuela for alleged
crimes committed In foreign countries,
of which he had not been convicted and
which he denied.
The brief finds fault particularly
with questions askod Castro res&i-dinit
the management of the Internal af
fairs of Venezuela and asks what would
have occurred If ex-President Roose
velt had been interrogated thus in Europe.