Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, July 12, 1912, Page 8, Image 8

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POBTLAJi D. Olliuua.
Entered at Portland. Oregon. Poetoftica
Eacocd-Claaa Matter.
Subacrlbtlon Rate Invariably In Advene
Dally. Sunday included, ene year. -2S
Daily. Sunday Included, "mix montha..... -
gaily. Sunday Included, thrae montha...
ally. Sunday Included, ona monla. .
Sally, without Sunday, ona year.. "
Dally, without Sunday, alx months.....
Dally, without 6unday. three montha... -
Dally, without Sunday, ona montn -JJ
Weekly, one year . --
Sanday. one year ' V-a
Sunday and Weekly, ona year
Dally. Sunday Included, ona year.......
Daily. Sunday Included, ona mon
How to Remit Send Po.tof lice money OT
er. eipress order or personal check on your
local tank. Stamps, coin or endl"
at the sender's risk. Give poatoftlca addrea.
ia full, including county and state.
Poatace Katee 10 to 1 pagea. 1
to iio pagea. J conta; 0 to 40 pagea.
eO u V pagea. a centa. Foreign poatage.
40irAtBa,ln Ofnrea-y.rr. Conk
Bn Ke York. Branswlc building. c"
caga. steger building. c.
baa FrmacUco Office B. J. Bldwell to
142 Market street.
European Olllce No. S Regent atreet. B.
W Lobdao. -
The early days of a beautiful Spring
saw Oregon In the midst of a stirring
primary campaign. There was no
great novelty about it, for Oregon Is
used to elections and the -ways and
wiles of . candidates at all times of
year; except that for the first time In
history the people of the state were to
express their preference for candidates
t for President ana vice-r-resiueii..
Democratic and RepuDUcan. xne
Democrats named Dr. Wilson and had
votes to spare lots of them to help
out the Republicans. They were aided
and abetted in this more or less laud
able enterprise by the Democratic
newspapers of the state, all of which
were violently against Mr. Taft. and
for Mr. Roosevelt, or Mr. La Follette,
or both.
But where, oh. where are the Roose
velt Democratic newspapers now?
Where is the noble pose of disinterest
?d independence they assumed? It
has yielded, of course, to the Intense
partisanship they always had. Where
once we had a touching display of im
partial Interest in the general welfare,
we now have a genuine manifestation
of party loyalty that purposes to
achieve a Democratic President. These
papers are for Wilson because he is
the Democratic nomlneer they would
have been for any other if he had been
chosen at Baltimore. They never were
for Roosevelt or La Follette: they al
ways were for that policy or 'that can
didate that made most trouble for Re
publicans. Now the mask Is off.
These remarks are for the benefit
r it, iA r.a n.r. hva the Pendleton
IU l tll'lJ " , . -
Blast Oregonian and the Medford Mail-
wlTrlbune.- and some - others. " They
"fjmed and frothed . and ' foamed be
cause Taft did not indorse the Oregon
i.'ciam The Democratic clatform Ig-
r-nores the Oregon system, initiative.
I ' - J if. nJa n-lll U'l T ann In
, recall auu an. cwiu "... - - ---
his letter of acceptance. But that will
maae no uiiiernii.o w jv, n.w-
tlc camel-swallowers. - .
Mr. Lafferty. describing Mr. Roose
velt as the greatest man. since Glad
stone, will tender hia powerful support
to the third-term-third-party candi
date for President.. Mr.. LafXerty. we
believe, was once loud for La Follette:
but that Is immaterial. Nor do we
suppose that the public, or the Re
publican party, which has Just given
Lafferty a renomination, had a right
to expect him to take a different
Or did the Republican party give
Lafferty a renomination? If it did
not. he owes the party nothing: if it
did, he owes the party a fealty- and a
duty he has never pretended to pay.
lafferty got 10,000 votes in the re
cent Republican primary, and his vari
ous opponents about twice as many:
but, due to the misguided- activities of
the serviceable Shepherd in dividing
the opposition, he became the plural
ity nominee.
Lafferty knows that many, or most,
of the votes given . for him at the
primary were by men who have little
or nothing in common with the Re
publican party: and he defies with im
punity and challenges with contempt
any demand that he preserve the form
of Republican regularity or render any
service for the party which has signal
l;r. though mistakenly, honored him.
No one cares much nowadays, of
course, for party; and we make no
appeal in Its name. But Lafferty does.
He asks election to Congress as a Re
publican. Yet he will support Roose
velt. A man of sensibility and manli
ness who desired to support Roosevelt
ought to run for Congress, or for any
other office, if at all, on the Roosevelt
ticket. Lafferty will do nothing of the
The plans of Roosevelt to secure the
choice of Presidential electors favor
able to himself, regardless of whether
tiey march under the Republican or
tae third-party, banner, threaten to
bring confusion slnto the Republican
party. He refuses to stay wholly in
tiie party or to get wholly out. He
proposes to stay in where his adher
ents control the party organization and
where the candidates for electors sup
port him. He proposes to pull out and
form a new party where the organiza
tion and the electors stand by the ac
tion of the Chicago convention. The
rlepublican party is thus to be split
Into fragments, the name meaning one
thing in one state, another thing in
another state.'
Roosevelt's course shows to what
lengths a pretended moral issue will
carry a man. Starting with the dec
laration that fraudulent delegates were
ated at and legally elected delegates
excluded from the Chicago convention,
he maintains that the entire action of
the convention was vitiated by fraud
and is, therefore, rot binding on the
members of the party.. He therefore
holds that the candidates for Presi
dential elector are absolved from any
obligation to vote for Taft and Sher
rian: that the direct primaries have
shown him to be the choice of the
ir.iajority. of Republican voter and
-that the electors are. therefore, mor
" ally bound to cast the votes oi their
states for him. Jn states wher the
men on the elctiral ticket take his
view, he proposes, apparently, to or
ganize no third party, but to content
himself with the cnp'tre of the Re
publican organ-'jcuioc'. Whf-re the
electoral ticket adheres to Taft, he
proposes to place a ticket .in the field
under the third party designation.
- Thus in Pennsylvania. Kansas, Cali
fornia, Iowa and any other states
where he controls the party organi
zation, the men named for Presiden
tial elector will be sailing under the
Republican banner, seeking the votes
- f men who regard Taft and Jihjrman
as the Republican ticket, but with a
declared purpose to vote lor nmwe
velt, if they should be elected. His
adherents who are running for Sena
tor, Representative or State officers
will retain the advantage of being the
regular. Republican candidates, but
will be working for the defeat of the
Republican National ticket. ' In some
states, such as Maryland, the Repub
lican ticket will be headed with the
names of Taft and Sherman and the
voter, naturally assuming that - the
men on that ticket will follow cus
tom and vote, for Taft, will be apt to
vote it. Yet the men on that ticket
are held by Mr. Bonaparte to be free
to vote for Roosevelt. Some of them
at least are disposed to do so. This
condition of affairs has led to a de
mand that the Maryland state con
vention reassemble and . name a new
electoral ticket loyal to the Chicago
nominees, in order that Roosevelt may
not get Taft votes under false pre
tenses. The legality of such a course
is disputed and we need not be sur
prised to see it fought out in court.
In South Dakota the Republican
ticket Is made up of avowed Roose
velt men. A fight is to. be made in
the Kansas primaries on August 6 to
prevent the nomination of Roosevelt
men. In Iowa the state convention
has declared the electors free to vote
for either Taft or Roosevelt, as. their
consciences dictate, and the Taft men
are preparing to name an electoral
ticket which will stand by Taft. In
Oregon we have men on the Repub
lican ticket who avow their intention,
if elected, to vote for Roosevelt. .
The straightforward course for
Roosevelt and his followers to pursue,
If they do not wish to abide by the ac
tion of the Republican convention. Is
to go bodily out of the Republican
party and organize a third party. But
they are so devoted to their high moral
Idea that they use it to cover a course
of duplicity and double dealing which
Is anything but moral and which can
result only in that chaos In which they
appear to delight. .
. Many a year will elapse before Port,
land will see the like of the parade of
the Elka Other cities may have seen
Its equal, but the Portlander needs the
evidence. Expectation that had grown
keen as the time drew near Is satisfied,
and the promise of the men who
brought here the session of the grand
lodge is fulfilled.
There was Inimitable charm In the
rhythm of marching feet. There was
music in overlapping quantity. Origi
nality, in uniform ran riof from tho
stately black adorning solemn mien to
the startling lack of it on the impas
sive red man, from simple purple and
white to the grotesque leavened by the
color of the fraternity. Detailed ref
erence to the composition of the pa
rade is Impossible, for each unit of
the formation merited mention.
From beginning to end, it was a har
monious whole, and the half-million
people who saw it lost all sense of
physical weariness as division followed
division in kaleidoscopic rapidity.
The master mind who evolved the
parade soon after the beginning of
time was moved by desire to give his
people a holiday. He was not an Elk,
of course, but thousands of his de
scendants in the famyies of the tribe
are cf his blood and to them hath
passed the spirit and the knowledge.
Portland, is tired but happy in the
pleasures given it by these people and
wishes that they may come again.
The multitudinous admirers of Ber
nard Shaw will be gratified to learn
that he has achieved something of a
dramatic triumph In Paris. Two of
his plays have recently been . acted
there "Arms and the Man" and "Mrs.
Warren's Profession." The former was
not particularly well received, but the
latter, the shocking one, ran for eighty
nights at the Theater des Arts, the
mast literary playhouse in the French
capital. .
- These curious facts we gather from
the July Literary Digest, which adds a
good deal of information, about
Shaw's fortunes In France. "Mrs.
Warren's Profession" did not scandal
ize the Parisians as it once did the
British and Americans. It may be a
merit or a demerit In the French, but
they are more ready to recognize the
facts of life than we are. They had
known for a long time that there was
a profession of the kind followed by
Mrs. Warren and they had a noun for
It. In England and the United States
people made a fair pretense of not
knowing anything about it, and In our
dictionaries it was destitute of a name.
So Shaw's play stirred up quite a little
tempest in New York and London,
while In Paris it was received with
approving equanimity. . ,
Inasmuch as tha French were not
shocked at it, they were-able to judge
Shaw's production on Its merits, and
their verdict was decidedly favorable.
One distinguished Parisian critic says
that the author wishes to teach the
thesis that in order to be moral a per
son must be rich, while in order to get
rich he must at least begin by being
immoral, so that our virtue necessar
ily has its roots in the mire.
We do not believe that this criyc,
famous as' he is,' has quite caught
Shaw's idea. The Irish genius was
probably aiming at the old maxim that
virtue always leads to happiness. With
out denying that a virtuous person
may sometimes be. happy, he takes a
specific instance which proves pretty
clearly that the rule does not' always
work. Had Mrs. Warren remained
chaste, she would have remained mis
erable. By parting with, her virtue
she attained comfort and some degree
of worldly happiness. However we
choose to 'interpret the play, it is an
unanswerable Indictment of some of
our social arrangements. .
. How easily a failure of any modern
convenience throws our affairs and
habits out of adjustment! The wide
awake city of Baker, accustomed to
the glare of electric light till a late
hour of the night, suddenly Is forced
by the breaking of a wire to return to
the use of candles and coal oil lamps.
Not being able to reconcile itself to
such dim light. It goes to roost In dis
gust at the unseemly hour of 10. When
a fire or a wind storm prostrates tele
phone and telegraph wires.- men are
compelled to go in person or to ssml
messengers tc transact business which
could be settled in a minlue by tele
phone. A silver thaw renders streets
impassable fo wheeled vehicles and
the whole population is forced to make
its ioilsome way over treacherous ice
on foot. A flood washes out a railroad
and Journeys which might have been
made In a day cor.ajme a week tr
Such incidents as that at Baker t
eall to mind how mit'h -m re rapHly
the worll moves by menr.K of moli'i
Invention. A volume of business Is
now done in a day which formerly
would have occupied many days. It Is
done with no greater expenditure of
energy r for modern facilities have en
abled us to accomplish Infinitely more
with the same amount of effort. To
this fact Is largely due the more rapid
accumulation of wealth- and the huge
size to which Individual fortunes have
The same fact explains in part the
high cost of living. ' Modern invention
has brought physically within reach ot
all of us comforts, conveniences and
luxuries which were beyond the reach
of our fathers. When we find these
things financially beyond our reach, we
Complain of the high cost of living,
having learned to regard them as nec
essaries. Were we content to live as
our fathers lived, our living would
probably cost us little, if any. more
than theirs cost them. But we ar aot
ontent, and it is as well that we
should not be. Discontent is the mo
tive power of progress. To it are due
the first beginnings of civilization. Dis
content which drives each of us to ex
ert himself to better his condition Is a
virtue. Only when it spends itself in
the effort to take from others without
giving an equivalent does it become a
vice. - '
We are just as much better off than
our fathers as the electric light is bet
ter than the candje, the telegraph and
telephone than the messenger afoot,
the steam and electric car and the au
tomobile than the stagecoach. This Is
not to say that better and Juster laws
would not make us still better off, but
we must also remember that our fath
ers had to contend with laws even
more unjust In many respects than
those against which we complain.
On another page of The Oregonian
today will be found an article relating
to Independence, Polk County, Or.,
and the country thereabouts, and there
Is one subject dealt with that seems
of Importance sufficient to have spe
cial attention called to It.
A reading of the letter will show
that the Independence Creamery, lo
cated in the town of Independence,
has for several years been loaning
money to Its customers for the pur
chase of dairy cows and that the
creamery has now outstanding on
such loans about SIS.OOO. This sum
means that from the loans now In
force something like 300 cows have
been brought into that section through
the instrumentality of the creamery.
But that means only from the present
active accounts, while for several years
this policy has ' been pursued, during
which time upwards of 1000 cows
have been thus purchased.
The Independence Creamery Is a
very successful concern, and it might
bet .worth while for one to go to the
root of the matter and see if this cow.
buying teature has not had much to
do with this success. If It has, and
we are told that Is true, then would
it not be well for cthe- Institutions of
the same-sort to follow the example?
It is said that in any community where
the milk can be secured from 500 cows
a creamery can be successfully operat
ed; the reason we have not more
creameries Is that ' neighborhoods
where that many cows can bo
reached are not always to be found.
The Independence concern was con
fronted with the same difficulty
there were not cows enough in the vi
cinity to make the business profitable;
so It overcame the obstacle' by pur
chasing cows for those who would be
come producers of milk.
The managers of the concern say
that they have never lost a penny
from the loans they have made for
this purpose. . They have received 8
per cent Interest on all they have
loaned, so as a money-making scheme
the capital thus invested has paid well.
But look what It has done for the
dairymen who have received the loans
and for the community where the cows
have been placed. These results are
almost beyond calculation.
It might be well for capitalists and
bankers to look Into this matter very
carefully. It would seem from a su
perficial examination that the Inde
pendence Creamery has shown t,he
way for the upbuilding of many sec
tions of Oregon by the installation of
a business which is the greatest community-builder
knowndairying. Ore
gon Is very far short in the production
of dairy products, and yet we have
many favored localities where the
dairy cow will thrive as in but few
other sections of the country. A help
ing hand from those who have money
to Invest would put many more cream
eries in successful operation, and,
above all. would increase our popula
tion where most we need such increase
on the land.
If the present trial of Thaw's san
ity should be decided against him,
there Is nothing to hinder his obtain
ing another and after that another.
The process may go on as long as he
lives, or until by sheer force, of perse
verance he secures his release from
the Matteawan asylum. The expert
alienists, as usual, are divided in opin
ion. Each set testifies for the side
from which its pay comes. The scien
tists hired by the state are confident
that Thaw is still Insane. Those ' in
his employ are fully as much persuad
ed that he is perfectly sane, though of
course they contend that he was rav
ing mad when he shot White.
What strikes the discerning reader
in a trial of this sort is the conven
ience made of insanity by the skillful
modern advocate. When his client is
on trial for murder he marshals an
array of evidence which proves that
the prisoner was out of his head at the
instant when he committed the crime,
but the same evidence serves Just as
well to prove that he was perfectly
sane ten minutes later. The theory of
Insanity is the most Ingenious and ef
fective device ever contrived for
thwarting Justice.
Dr. MacDonald, one of the alienists
In the latest Thaw performance, tes
tifies that In his opinion the prisoner
Is afflicted with incurable paranoia and
that his release would be dangerous to
the public. This at least raises a doubt
of Thaw's restoration to mental health,
and. as we see It, any doubt of that
kind ought .to be resolved in favor of
the public. He was suffering from
paranoia, according to his own plea,
when he shot White. If he. is still
suffering from It, he is liable to shoot
somebody else. The safety of the pub
lic Is more important than Thaw's en
joyment of -life, and as long as there
Is the slightest ground for' believing
him to be Insane, he ought to be con
fined. Certainly Dr. MacDonald's ex
pert opinion constitutes such ground.
It is better to impose some little in
convenience upon Thaw than to expose
the public to the danger of his mis
directed will. The presumption Is that
what he did once he would do again
under similar temptation, or even with
less provocation, ft is' usually easier
to do an unlawful act the second time
than the flrst.' " His insanity Is proba
bly of that recurrent variety' which
comes upon every man when he loses
his temper or bears a grudge.
There ought to be some process of
law by which any person who shows
a disposition to make himself danger
ous can be shut up and kept confined
until his character changes for the bet
ter. Preventive discipline is a subject
which has never received serious at
tention from statesmen, but it is far
more important than punitive meas
ures and some time it will be made
the principal feature of criminal juris
prudence. When It Is known that a
man has made threats, or bears ay old
grudge, or has been pronounced dan
gerously Insane by physicians, he ought
to be confined and undergo treatment
for the reformation of his mind. What
the treatment should be we are not
prepared to specify, but It would be
easy enough for scientific students of
criminology to map out a suitable
course". Such a procedure would be
preferable to waiting until a crime has
been committed and then resorting to
punitory measures, which are seldom
entirely satisfactory and often futile.
The science of preventing violence
by education, confinement and other
means Is in Its Infancy. Most of our
so-called reformatory institutions are
nurseries of vice and crime, while to
put an insane man . under bonds to
keep the peace is absurd. What he
needs is medical treatment, with re
straint, and even that may not be of
any avail. But when, through the neg
ligence of society, an Insane man has
actually committed a murder, what
ought to be done? If he Is really in
sane, humanity revolts at the thought
of punishing him. On the other hand,
if he Is set free, he is a continuing
menace to others. In many Instances
be will seem to recover his sanity, but
what assurance have we that a recur
rence of the conditions which led to
his former crime will not lead to Its
repetition? A mind which has once
been subject to mental disease must
be more liable to new trouble than, one
whose sanity has never been disturbed.
It would seem as If a person who has
committed an act of violence in a fit
of insanity ought to be kept under sur
veillance all the rest of his life, sim
ply for the protection of his fellow
men. But there Is another reason why
an Individual like Thaw should be
made a ward of society and kept for
ever in some kind of restraint or tute
lage. He has done an irrevocabledeed.
Nothing can restore the life which he
has taken. Altogether apart from any
question of responsibility or punish
ment, it is of the first importance to
society to insist upon the immense
value of human life. Any man who
has slain another, whether from insane
impulse or for any other cause, except
self-defense, ought to bear, if he is to
live, something like the mark of Cain
for the rest of his existence, not so
much to punish him as to signify the
irretrievable calamity of which he has
been the occasion. Even If he is free
from" guilt, still the stigma of a deed
which cannot be undone Is upon him
and the world ought not to forget it.
As long as numerous men who have
killed their one, two or three victims
are permitted to stalk brazenly abroad
it is impossible to take seriously the
pretense that we attach such import
ance to human life or regard a murder
as anything worse than an unpleasant
Incident which may be passed over and
forgotten with a few apologetic cere
monies. The Springfield Repablican (Ind.)
quotes -a Boston speaker, Arthur D.
Hill, at a Roosevelt meeting as saying:
Apart from the metita of the particular
controversy (of the contested delegates), the
split In the party waa bound to come. Par
ties are not ends In themselves, but means
to accomplish results. As long as there Is
any substantial agreement between the dif
ferent members, some leeway must be al
lowed for smaller differences of opinion, but
when a party gets Into a condition where
It contains men of radically opposite points
of view, so that they can no longer work
together vlthout falsifying their, real opin
ions, the sooner it separates the belter.
8uch waa the condition In the Republican
party. Wa progressives have ceased to have
anything In common with the standpat ele
ment of the party. ' We differ from them
not only In every subject of National Im
portance, but In our whole way of viewing
every important political problem: and for
either faction to try to work with the other
It can mean simply a suppression of real
opinion In order to use an organization as
a means of getting Into office. It la bet
ter that a situation which amounts to noth
ing but a series of dishonest compromises
should be put to an end, and that each fac
tion of the party should fight fairly and In
the open for those things in which it be
lieves. There Is the whole case, well put
and truthfully.
In line with the plank in the Re
publican platform favoring the estab
lishment of agricultural credit associ
ations are the appointment by the
American Bankers' Association of a
committee on agricultural development
and the organization at Joliet, 111., of a
trust company which Is designed to be
a land bank after the pattern of the
Credit Fonder, of France. The trust
company at Joliet is Intended to make
loans on farms, at rates of interest
much lower than are now paid, the
principal being payable in half-yearly
Installments and no commission being
charged for renewal of loans. The
company will sell collateral mortgage
bonds. ;
Perhaps it la not the bravest speci
mens of Chicago's manhood who fre
quent the saloons. At any rate, we do
not think much of the courage of the
thirty men, all lined up at a certain
bar, who were compelled to stand and
deliver by a lone holdup man. They
were finally saved from pillage by a
bold policeman who came to their res
cue, attracted, we suppose, by their
shrieks of fear. Ten to one that po
liceman was born in -Ireland.
One would think that Mayor Lach
mund, of Salem, had lights enough on
hand without getting into a scrimmage
with' the suffragists. If he once really
arouses them, he will look back upon
his wars with the saloons and the elec
tric railroad as sham battles. Perhaps
he made up his mind that discretion
was the better part of valor. Certain
ly his. departure for Portland after the
opening skirmish with Mrs. Enright
was amazingly well timed.
Dismissal of the charges of fraud in
the election of Mrs. Ella Flagg Young
as president of the National Education
Association is a new reminder on what
slight pretexts such charges are often
made. To charge fraud without strong
evidence is the act of a "squealer," a
"poor loser."
Roosevelt's platform is to recom
mend the reduction of those tariff
schedules which he considers too high,
but will he include the steel schedule
among the number? . If he should, his
friendu, Perkins and Hanna, will have
something to say.
There seems to be an inevitable con
nection between rubber and cruelty,
whether on the Congo or the Amazon.
A -living is so easy to make near the
tropics that perhaps brute force alone
will make the natives work.
It was a long time between drinks.
It was Portland's Biggest Day.
Panacea Providers ! Government
Scored aa Monntebanlta.
PORTLAND, July 4. (To the Editor.)
On this, the 136th birthday of our
American Republic. It seems fitting
that we should stop, for at least a mo
ment, and. review the past, consider the
future, and learn, if possible, whither
are we drifting politically.
Political demagogues are in the sad
dle and in the leadership. Are they go
ing to be allowed to continue the lead
ership, even temporarily? And there
after are we to revert to "pure democ
racy," which Interpreted literally, in
the light of history, means "pure mob"?
If history is to be believed, "mob
rule" leads downward, not upward.
Selfish leadership leads to "mob rule."
Demagogic leaders do not appeal or
attempt to appeal to the reason in
mankind. Tney appeal to the lower
Instincts, prejudices and all that slow
est in men.
Can any thinking man successfully
deceive himself into the belief that the
"Oregon system" leads to anything save
the destruction of organization? This
government of ours was founded on the
theory of a representative form. Will
anyone deny that such a form of gov
ernment can be perpetuated by any
thing save organization? And can any
one on this earth devise a form of or
ganization without leadership? There
must be a head to every organization
of whatever nature, or else there Is no
organization. The "Oregon system" up
holds organization in everything save
politics. Business, churches.: religions
and societies of every nature must be
organized, or there is no progress; but
the ill-advised portion of the people ot
Oregon seem to think that politics and
political Institutions will go by dec
lamation. In other words, the people
of this great state have substituted a
great noise for organization.
There are political v mo.untebanks In
Oregon and elsewhere who have been
a failure at everything, until now. Un
der the guise of reformers and pro
gressives, they are parading up and
down the country preaching unrest,
discontent and "something for noth
ing." They arouse the passions
of the unthinking by offering them
something from Switzerland or Aus
tralia, or the farther away the better.
These demagogues neglect and refuse
to tell the whole truth. In expatiating
on the poetic beauties of the initiative
and referendum in Switzerland. They
refuse to tell their auditors that
the initiative law is rarely ever in
voked In the foreign country, and then
only on most urgent demands. Perhaps
Switzerland In all its history has nev
er made use of either the Initiative
or referendum as many times as has
Oregon in two elections. These blather
skites and office-seekers don't tell their
hearers that a law or custom, valuable
in the family circle. Is totally dlffer
rent In Its application to a great state
or a nation. These deceivers (for a
consideration) refuse to tell deluded
hearers that Switzerland with its grand
(?) institutions Is but the aggregate
size of one Oregon county.
These panacea providers, who often
find it difficult to provide for their
own families, forget to tell their audi
tors that within the past 10 years,
right here In Oregon (not in Switzer
land), men have come up from very
humble beginnings to positions of
prominence, of honor and of wealth.
These parasites on the body politic
neglect and refuse to say to their
audiences . that nowhere, no time, in
all history, have a people been so well
served In the mind as well as body as
they have in this 136-year-old Repub
lic. Regardless of any preconceived
theory of why or wherefore, this is a
statement of fact and cannot be dis
puted. Then why should men real
men listen to these demagogues? I
have no quarrel with the Ignorant and
illiterate. But why should men of
standing In this community stop and
listen for a moment to the harangue
of one of these self-seeking cheap
Be you merchant " or manufacturer,
after years of success, would you
change your plan of doing business In
your . establishment simply because
some poet should come along and of
fer you a new and untried policy of
handling ' your property or business?
You would not accept advice from any
one unless It had been tried and
proven successful. Is your government
any less important than your business?
Why will you continue to try these
new political fads when the results
are proving disastrous? Are the city,
county or state offices filled with a
better quality of men than they were
20 or 10 years ago? Is Governor West
a better man or officer than was Gov
ernor Pennoyer, or Governor Moody?
Are your taxes lower? Are you get
ting any more for your taxes than you
were 10 or 20 years ago?
Then why all these experiments? Is
tTRen's proposed form of state govern
ment going any better than the
one he gave us six years ago and told
us that our political Ills would all be
cured? Do you realize that his new
proposal is an acknowledgment of the
failure of his former proposals? Do
you not understand that he and his
kind know that the present conditions
in Oregon brought about by his poetic
and borrowed ideas are a failure and
that he now wants to experiment still
further? Don't you know that the so
called single tax law was foisted on a
credulous people through lraud and
chicanery? Don't you know that such
a law could never have been passed If
the people had been told the whole
truth? Are Mr. U'Ren and his cohorts
any more honest or more truthful of
more Intelligent than they were two
years ago? Then why trust them
Is Mr. tTRen, with his present soap
man's salary, any more to be relied
upon than the year he was a popu
listic member of the Oregon Legislature
and refused to take his oath of office,
thereby helping to consummate the
"holdup" so apparently desired by the
Right Honorable Jonathan Bourne, Jr.,
present member of the United States
Senate from Oregon residence Rhode
You business men, how much
longer are you going to countenance
this mountebank game? Don't you
know that the "Oregon system"
prompts and invites perjury at the be
ginning In the registration law? Don't
you know that the "system" is making
cowards of us all? Don't you know
that It is becoming more difficult each
election to induce the best men to stand
for office? .
Aren't you ashamed to iearn of the
cheapness of some of the present can
didates for office? Don't you know
that an unknown man for delegate to
the National Republican Convention re
ceived five times as many votes as some
of our best-known and highest re
spected citizens?
One fairly intelligent man in the
April primaries told me he believed in
voting for the man. He didn't care
what political principles the candidate
held, so long as he was a good- man.
Poetic? Beautiful. We voted In the
same tent, side by side. After we came
away from the polling place I asked
him who he voted for on the Represen
tative ticket. He said. "I only voted for
three. I didn't know any of the others."
Fifty per cent of the voters did not
know and never will know one-half the
candidates under the "Oregon system."
' Definition of a Subsidy.
"I see so much In the newspapers
about subsidies. What does a subsidy
mean, Frank?"
"A subsidy, Grace. Is where I give
you $25 for going to see your mother
Instead of having her come to. see you."
Manly Woman Ia Satisfied.
London Opinion.
Woman with dog Whatever ' made
you give that tramp half a crown?
Manly looking female He called me
Equal Suffragist Dlaeoaaes Present Day
Coddling of Her Sex.
ANTELOPE, Or., July 8. (To the Ed
itor.) There is one phase of the suf
frage question that I have not seen
commented on lately. That is Its effect
on woman herself. ' The paramount
question of the Issue is not, it seems
to me, what women will do with the
ballot, but what the ballot will do for
I should like to know if the -voters
of Oregon are satisfied with the status
in general of the womanhood of our
state or of the country, the French
heeled, hobbled, beratted followers of
fads and fashions. Could anyone Im
agine one of them the mother of a
Lincoln or a Franklin? They have been
petted and coddled till they have be
come weaklings, till their natural affec
tion is becoming the whim of an hour.
Witness the divorce suits, the wrecked
homes, deserted children.
How was It with her at the Titanic
disaster? Did she stand the test at
that "time that tried men's souls?" How
few of those half-filled boats returned
to save husbands, sons and brother
calling for help on that fearful night:
Her love was "weighed In the balance
and found wanting." 'Don't you think
some pretty strong medicine is needed
to check this decadence of our woman
hood? It is urged that women do not want
the ballot. Does ever a sick child cry
for Its medicine? It would be no argu
ment against votes for women If no
woman over 25 should ever cast a bal
lot. Let them alone, they are wedded
to their Idols. Your hope la In the
youth, in that army of young women
which pours out each year from our
schools and colleges.
The ballot will mean much to them.
No danger of their making it a fad.
It will be right in line with the work
we have mapped out for them in the
schoolroom They have been reading
our history and the lives of our great
men, have studied the Constitution and
laws of this Government, have followed
the flag through our great wars, have
been debating the social and econom
ical questions of the day.
Why not say to them, as we give
them their diplomas: "Young women,
we have been educating you for a pur
pose to become citizens of a great
country. In a few years, when you
reach your majority.-we shall need your
help. We are approaching a great in
dustrial crisis; the battles of the fu
ture are to be fought with the ballot;
you must prepare yourselves to wield
it with honesty and intelligence if we
are to keep Old Glory floating over a
free people."
What is said to them In effect Is this:
"Young ladies, you have done well in
your work. From now on we shall re
lieve you from all responsibility In
public affairs. We do not think you
are strong enough mentally or physic
ally for such a burden, and, too, we
do not wish you to be contaminated by
contact with the vulgar crowd that in
fests the places where we choose our
law makers and Judges; we are import
ing a great many citizens of Southern
Europe to take your places. True, they
do not seem to feel the real significance
of the Stars and Stripes seem rather
attached to the red flag but we have
great hopes for their future.
"Your future achievements will be In
the line of social success and personal
adornment Study well the fashion
plates and If you chance to win one of
the prizes In the matrimonial lottery
your future will be assured."
Now, if we were simply dolls, butter
flies, ornaments for your homes, this
course would not be so criminal, but
when it is considered these young wo
men are to be the mothers and guides
of those who In the near future will
hold the destiny of this great country
in their hands, and know that It can
be but a step from a nation of weak
women to a nation of weak men, the
voter should do a lot of thinking be
fore he consigns these young students
to a life of littleness and frivolity.
Give them something large to think
of. a mission, a share In the responsi
bility for the welfare of our common
country and they will rise to the occa
sion and In a few years the friends of
clean, honest politics will have an army
of allies by no means to be despised,
and the twentieth century woman will
be nearer what nature Intended her to
be a strong, reliable helpmeet to man
In all his Interests.
I see not the waters that gently lie,,
Nor flag that peacefully meets the
I look, but this eager, humble eye
Beholds a greater thing than these.
Across the deck a murky cloud
Hangs low and the scene Is black as
night: . .
It is the heavy battle shroud
That sweeps the ocean In Its might.
And comes an echo o'er and o'er,
Tho' years have lapsed since first It
It is her gun's triumphant roar
That round the world a message
A message that rebuked the don
In his bold work of massacre;
Ah, I behold the Oregon
In that first hour of victory.
I see the fiendish billows sweep
Upon her decks incessantly;
I hear the demons of the deep
Cry out in savage mockery.
But all their dire attempts were vain
And so the waters spent and prone
Dropped gently back to sleep again;
They could not claim her for their
. own.
This heart brats madly as I view
Our ship, the pride of every sea.
Flying the old red, white and blue,
The sign of our supremacy.
So let me have my humble word.
Poor offering to our brightest star,
'Tis caused by echoes I have heard
Of byegone mutterlngs of war.
gnddea Rise la Loves' Stock.
Brooklyn (N. Y.)tLife.
Madge I thought yon liked Charlie
better than Jack.
Mariorle But Jack has proposed.
Pictures of the Herd Whole pages of live photos that tell of the
greatest of grand lodge conventions in Portland during the past week.
Apron-String Secrets of Edward VII In the biography of the
late King, just issued, it is revealed that he was the victim of a
"sheltered life." A page of wide interest; illustrated.
Weeding Our Real Estate Crooks An account of the most note
worthy crusade ever undertaken by the United States Government.
Woman's Tribute to Brave Men A great memorial arch is being
prepared by the women of the country to the brave men of the
Titanic. The story of the movement is told in a striking, illustrated
article by W, A. Du Pny.
J. Kufus Wallingford Outdone Swindler of high connections re-'
duces exploits of famous crooks of fiction to mere child's play. . -
Is Hydrophobia a Myth? This much-discussed question is taken
up by a trained investigator and sifted to the bottom.
Social Leaders Go to Work An account of the activity among
England's elect who would escape ennui.
The Top Price in Baseball Another article by an expert. Marty
0 'Toole gives the inside story of a $22,000 deaL
Two live Short Stories, Complete.
The Jump-Ups visit Newport. Sambo goes to a powder factory
and all the color comic people put on new acts.
Many Other Features.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian of July 1. 18SS.
New York. July 3. The Herald has
detailed reports of the battle of Thurs
day, Friday and Saturday, from which
it appears that the right wing of our
Army, consisting 20.000 men. was at
tacked on Friday by a rebel force of
not less than 60,000 men, and after
a severe fight our troops crossed the
Chlckahomlny in good order. . On Sat
urday night and Sunday our. whole
force under Heintzelman., Keys and
Sumner fell back along the line of the
railroad and the Williamsburg road and
marched to James River. The rebels
crossed the Chlckahomlny in great
force on Sunday, reaching the railroad,
but made no pursuit, remaining half an
hour In possession of the ground oc
cupied by our troops both sides of the
Chlckahomlny, Including the bridges
and earthworks we had erected against
their approach. Our total loss during
the whole six days of fighting was
about 12.000, 7500 of whom were lost
In the battle of Friday. Generals Mc
Call and Reynolds are taken prisoners.
The rebel General Stonewall Jackson is
Washington, July 4 The President
has decided to call Into service an
additional force of 300,000 men.
Chicago, July 2. Letters from Fort
Benton, 8th of June, say the expedi
tion under Lieutenant Mullan reached
there that day from Oregon, having
been engaged four years In opening an
immigration and military road from
the Columbia River to the Missouri.
There are now as many seamen em
ployed In the Navy of the United States
as there are in that of England.
Smallpox There are several cases of
this loathsome disease within our city
limits at this time, and our city offl
cals should see that the ordinance rela
tive thereto Is strictly complied with.
A Belief That It Haa Purposely Bees
Denuded of Paat Knowledge.
CORVALLIS. Or., July 9. (To the
Editor.) It is refreshing to read in
The Oregonian of last Monday such
sound and trenchant condemnation of
spontaneous generation as opposed to
My present object is principally to
approach the' question of created and
propagated life, from an eternal and
Immaterial standpoint, for the tempor
ary must Inevitably proceed from the
permanent. In the production of all
organic life three factors are essential
matter, life and spirit. Now, matter
is merely energy In an inert form; It
Is spirit In a temporary mould with
the active principle of spirit already
operative In a certain Invisible but
clearly- recognizable direction. Conse
quently, matter Is totally unable to
organize Itself, Life Is but the im
perishable property of vitality. Life,
not being a power in the strict eternal
sense, cannot and does not act directly
upon matter. Spirit Is the one and
only power In the universe competent
to organize matter. Spirit and matter
are thus one and the same power, but
in different forms, and in the produc
tion of organic life spirit imparts to
matter some of - the potentiality of
which it was deprived on being meta
morphosed. "It Is the spirit that
qulckeneth; the flesh (matter) proflteth
Spirit cannot organize matter except
at the command of knowledge. Hence,
all created existence is the product ot
the lnter-operation of the three at
tributes of deity omniscience or all
knowledge; omnipotence or all power,
and omnipresence or all life. Such be
ing the case, there must have been an
infinite reason for the creation of each
temporary living form. This reason
must have antedated such creation,
and, likewise, must; ultimately- reveal
Itself, for there is necessarily a limit
to the temporary. . .
In The Oregonlan's " editorial in
question employment is made of
the following quotation: "That
which hath been shall be again,
and that which Is now hath been
before." Exactly so. But this expres
sion does not In any sense refer to In
ferior soulless organisms. It is appli
cable to the human soul alone. As a
matter of fact, the foregoing extract
is an Incomplete adaptation from Ec
cleslastes 111:15: "That which hath
been Is now; and that which is to be
hath already been: and God requireth
that which is past." Thus, the last
clause Is clearly the key to the mean
ing of the whole. "And God requireth
that which Is past." From whom?
None other creation save man answers
to this demand. Man possesses an im
mortal, undying soul. An - existence
that has no end cannot possibly have
a beginning, hence the soul, having
neither end nor beginning, is eternal.
Furthermore, that which Is eternal Is
unchangeable, and so Is revealed the
true meaning of this text Thus, the
soul being eternal and unchangeable,
as it was during tho past eternity, so
Is It now upon earth and so will it be
during the future of eternity. Con
versely, also, as the soul is now, so It
was during the past eternity; and the
one and only reason . why the soul Is
upon earth la, that it-shall of Its own
free agency manifest the exact nature
of Its eternal, unchangeable properties,
being for the present purposely de
nuded of all knowledge of Its past
eternal existence. "And God requireth
that which 1. past" wTWILSON
Aalatle Flora anal Fauna.
London Tit Bits.
A Norwegian expedition headed by
Brian Ulsen, a scholar of Christlanla
University, intends starting soon to
study the flora and fauna and the na
tives inhabiting Northern and Middle
Asia. The route to be followed is from
Omsk, Siberia, by the River Irtish to
Semlpalatlnsk, and from the mouth of
the Irtish back to the Mongolian fron
tier. In 1813 this expedition Intends to
visit Krasnoyarsk. Irkutsk, go north
along the banks of the Yenisee River
to Cape Tolstoi, and return to Nor
way via the Arctic i