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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORXIXG OREGOXIAX., - WEDNESDAY,. MAT, 3, 1911,
thirraj tha month of April. 1511. tti avar.
as clrcuiatloa ( Toe Oresoslaa waa:
Imn 8nlay ClrraUtloa.
AinH lall ClmlatWa..
Tha iall-I atatarnant tr aarr dr dT
ls( taa month o( April. 1W1. la aa followa:
April IT .Bet
April IS .M.oe
April 1 6M
April SO .
April 21 B1.1S
April 22 1.4C
April 24 l.3t
. April 25 M.404
April 2.... .!.
April 2T al.ze4
April 2 l.4
Total Circulatloa 1,57a..
C"ia?y of iluURAraah. Stata of P"I
Taia U to corttfr that tho actum! circula
tion of Tfca urioais for iba znonin or
April vma a -t forth.
H. P. HOPWOOp. circulation Xanagar.
tahacTt4 and iwori to botora mo thla
trat !ar of Hmj. 1111
ISEAil W. E'HARTVrS.
TT abora circulation waa dlatrlbotad aa
... 41.41 oJ.I
Ail otaar ataces.
Vorb of tha Wah!n"B circulation l
d!rilr trlbuiarr to Portland it inr.ud
mtrn lowr diroc:W a-roa uia livar aa Van
couvar. WaaooucaL Carraa. ate.
POBTXAVD. WtOXWWV, MAY 1.
HUX.RIJ'i Or ARBITRATION.
Tho arbitration treaty with Great
Britain which vu concluded ln 1907
failed of ratification In the Senate.
The ground riven for its rejection was
reelect of the Senate's constitutional
authority over treaties. It provided
that all differences between this coun
try and England should be submitted
to arbitration, but it failed to arrange
for consulting the Senate. It was
therefore objectionable in some quar
ters and was not ratified.
Perhaps the delay was all for the
best. The treaty was not nearly so
complete as the new one. which has
been negotiated under President Taft's
management. It excluded from arbi
tration cases which Involved the Na
tional honor and Independence. When
one of these arose no attempt was to
be made to arbitrate, but both coun
tries were expected to rush to arms
In the good old barbarian fashion.
Since any difference whatever be
tween two countries may be construed
to affect the "National honor and In
dependence." of course the arbitration
treaty of 1907 was a mere form of
words expressing a pious aspiration,
but not likely to be of much practical
effect. There was a good deal of
mourning over Its rejection by the
Senate, but we dare say the regret was
wasted. We are now likely to have a
much better treaty.
Word cornea from London that the
new agreement for arbitration between
the United States and Great Britain
will probably be finished and signed
within two weeks, it maras a long
step forward inasmuch as it excludes
nothing whatever from Its terms.
Cases affecting the National honor
are to be arbitrated as well as thos
affecting the National pocket. This Is
well. Honor, after all. is what other
people think of us. A man loses his
honor when other people deride or
In the career of individuals we long
aco reached the point where it became
disgraceful for a person to defend his
reputation with a horsewhip or a
pitchfork. Civilised opinion requires
him to leave It to the decision of the
established tribunals. Honor Is safe
guarded by submission to law. Rebel
lion against the courts Is disgraceful.
yo doubt the same stage will be
reached In the career of nations before
a great while, though it Is still some
distance ahead of us. Arbitration la
an experiment as yet. Tears will be
required to Interweave it with our Na
tional habits of thought and make us
perfectly ready to turn to It In all dif
ficulties as we turn to the courts when
wa are at odJs with a neighbor.
Even in Individuals the right of prl.
Tate war died hard. Its last respect
able disguise was the duel. Time was
when It waa cowardly to decline to
fight a duel. It Is cowardly still In
Prance, though the contest has lost
most of its danger and all of its dig
nity In that country. England was
the first of the European nations to
outlaw the duel, just as It is foremost
now in promoting International arbi
tration. Our hotheaded Southern com
patriots practiced dueling long after
It had been abandoncS In England and
the Northern states, but even In that
section it la now seldom heard of ex
cept in the form of street fights, which
are admittedly criminal.
One of the last conspicuous duels in
this country was that between Alex
ander Hamilton and Aaron Burr.
wnicn oeomea us oi n. Knai iiuicb
man and checked the career of an
unprincipled demagogue. Two or three
bullies from the slavehoidlng states
challenged the friends of Charles Sum
ner who spoke their minds about the
attack on him by Preston Brooke In
the Senate chamber, but no fights fol
lowed. Christian sentiment had by
that time definitely triumphed over
the duel In this country.
Rationally regarded, war is nothing
but a duel between nations. It la de
fended by the same arguments pre
cisely as were formerly used to prove
that private duels were Indispensable.
It was said that honor would decay if
gentlemen were forbidden to kill one
another with polite etiquette. Man
ners would - deteriorate, everybody
would act and talk like a ruffianly
boor. Nobody would be safe from as
sault. All this was bosh. Manly honor
Is much more sensitive now than it
ever was in the days of the duel,
though It is not so foolishly touchy.
Manners never were so gracious or
kindly as In our time, and lit and
property are incomparably more se
cure than they were when every man
defended his own with his sword. So
ciety does the duty better for each of
.us than anyone could do It for himself.
The abolishment of the internation
al duel win lead to the same happy
consequence. A court of unprejudiced
arbitrators will look out for our honor
vastly better than we could for our
selves, and It will be done more cheap
ly. Relieved of the ever-present ne
coesity for fighting, we can turn more
of our energies to the arts of peace,
and as other nations discern the bene
ficial results f our agreement with
j-oj'.nd no doubt Ui pracUca of. ar
April T 4.:T
April 1. ....WJM
April II 4.;m
April 12 S.l
AprU IS 45 -Vi
April 14 M.4JJ
Ai.rU 13 M ail
bitration will extend until it has in
cluded the whole civilised world.
Ultimately there will be a general
disarmament Just as respectable in
dividuals no longer carry gnns and
swords. This happy consummation
will not arrive at once, but It is cer
tainly on the way. Is there anybody
who will fail to welcome it?
DESTROYING OCR RESOCKCES
The landing of a 1000-pound stur
geon more than ten feet in length by
a Vancouver fishermen recalls the
time when sturgeon of this size were
far from uncommon. It also reminds
us of the manner In which this really
excellent food fish was almost exter
minated without providing any reward
of consequence to the exterminators.
The people of Portland, or at any of
the Columbia River cities, do not have
to look back more than twenty-five
years In memory to the time when
thousands of big sturgeon were used
for fertilizer or thrown away because
there was no market for them. It was
not an uncommon occurrence for the
Astoria boats to bring to Portland
from 5000 to 10.000 pounds of these
f ijh and have them rejected after they
were landed on the dock for no other
reason than that the supply exceeded
the demand. No attempt had yet been
made to pack the fish for future use.
With such an uncertain market it
might be supposed that there would,
have been no Incentive . to catch
the lubberly sturgeon, some of
which were of great age. The
fishermen. however, with abso
lutely no restriction on their op
erations, continued to catch ten stur
geon where there was a market for
less than one. As the work and skill
Involved was Inconsequential, the loss
of the other nine gave no concern at
that time. The prodigality of nature
was shown In the abundant supply of
these big fish and the wastefulness of
man was even more strikingly shown
in. their practical extinction In less
than two decades. An occasional big
specimen like that taken at Vancouver
is still found and there are a few
smaller ones captured, but sturgeon is
no longer found In the fish markets
except on rare occasions.
This criminal waste of what might
have been a good source of revenue
for years does not differ materially
from the policy of destruction that
exterminated the passenger pigeons,
which In the memory of some of the
present generation darkened the sky
in numberless millions or from that
which swept out. of existence the vast
herds of buffalo on the great plains.
In the case of the pigeons there would
In time have come a natural decrease
In their number as the wilderness on
which they found sustenance was
cleared away and domestic fowls and
birds took their place. The same
economic conditions would also have
reduced the herds of buffalo, but
nothing except criminal wastefulness
could have caused the complete ex
termination of the passenger pigeon
or the wholesale butchery of the buf
the sturtreon there
were absolutely no compensating con
ditions. Nothing nas taxen us piaco
and nothing ever will take its place.
We simply withheld protection from
it until it was too late, and have ac
cordingly lost a resource which, if
properly guarded, would have contrib
uted annually large sums to the work
ing capital of the Pacific Northwest-
fHIXA MOVTNO FORWARD.
According to the accounts which
have been received from China, the
present revolutionary outbreak is di
rected against the ruling Tartar dy
nasty and not against all foreigners.
The royal family which reigns in Pekin
Is as completely foreign to the country
as Germans and Americans are. It
is of a totally different blood and
originated In another land. The Tar
tars of the north have been In the
habit of making Inroads Into China
from very ancient times. In 1111.
under the great conqueror Jenghla
Khan, they gained complete control
of the empire, but they were after
ward driven out by the natives.
It was only In 1644 that the foreign
dynasty was firmly established over
the country. Upon the whole it has
ruled intelligently, but it has not pro
moted progress a great deal. The na
tive Chinese have constantly cherished
more or less disloyalty to their Tartar
sovereigns. Rebellions In the various
provinces have been numerous and
sometimes they have almost attained
the dignity of revolutions. But thus
far the Tartars have held their own.
The disturbance which Is now In
progress may perhaps be connected
with the general outburst of national
feting which has eben observed In all
parts of Asia since the war between
Japan and Russia. The sentiment has
gained ground that an Oriental Is as
good in war or peace as a European
and furthermore that each nationality
has the right to control Its own des
tinies. At the same time China has
made remarkable progress In what we
call civilized arts. The army has-been
disciplined by modern methods, engi
neering projects have been developed
and science has made its appearance
In the schools.
What the final result will be la of
course a problem, but It is well to re
member that the native Chinese are
by no means an inferior people. They
are highly gifted Intellectually and as
courageous in war as Europeans.
What they have lacekd Is discipline
and effective armament and this they
have now attained, unless the accounts
err. Their unfortunate quietlstlc re
ligion has also helped to check the
growth of the national spirit, but per
haps this, too, will be corrected by
modern influences. Some observers
expect to see China among the fore
most nations in a few more years.
THE WORLD'S WHEAT.
Russian wheat shipments last week
were 4,344.000 bushels and another
million bushels poured out of the
Danublan ports. When It is remem
bered that the movement of the Rus
sian crop is almost simultaneous with
that of our own country It Is apparent
that these enormous shipments are
coming out on what should be the fag
end of the season. The phenomenal
output of Russia for the' past two
years has more than offset the decline
in shipments from the United States,
and since the opening of the current
season, last July, the Russian and
Danublan shipments have reached the
total or 258. 000.000 bushels or more
than one-half the total shipped from
all countries. -
The United States and Canada,
which a dozen years ago far outranked
Russia, for the first ten months of the
present season have shipped but 100,
000.000 bushels, compared with 122.
000.000 bushels for the same period in
the preceding season. All other ex
porting countries show an increase.
Tko total from ail of tbe principal ex
porting countries of the world for the
ten months ending May 1 is 613,856.
000 bushels, compared with 428,627,
000 bushels for the same period last
Supplementing these bearish statis
tics is an array of good crop reports
from nearly all parts of the world, and
tn the face of such conditions the con
tinued strength of the wheat markets
is difficult to understand. In the
United States the consumption of the
cereal Is overtaking the production at
such a rapid rate that the markets
of this country will undoubtedly hold
much afos-riipr than those of Europe.
I If the 1911 crop in the United States
should be an exceptionally large one,
however, there will be considerable for
export and the price should recede to
a parity with the foreign markets.
We are not yet on an exclusively do
mestic basis, and until we reach that
point our markets will be governed by
conditions abroad as well as at home.
AX IRREVERENT REFORM.
The progress of the triumphant car
of reform occasionally takes It into
unexpected quarters. It is all very
well to cut down the salaries of Con
gressional scrubwomen, discharge ob
solete committee clerks and dismiss
useless Capitol .policemen, but when it
comes to abolishing eulogies on de
funct statesmen one feels disposed to
shudder a little. It Is too much like
Invading a cemetery with a sledge
hammer. Of course everybody knows that the
customary eulogies on departed Con
gressmen are frauds, more or less
pious, of course, but still frauds. When
Torn Reed traa asked what ought to
be said about a departed colleague he
hastened to reply, "Oh, anything but
the truth." His advice Is often fol
lowed on those solemn occasions when
the tearful House assembles to cele
brate the obsequies of a statesman
gone before. His memory Is bedecked
with sanctimonious mendacity. Flat
tering falsehoods are wreathed above
his grave with that elaborate profu
sion which always attends the expen
diture of time and money belonging
to other people.
And now comes a proposal to abol
ish all this. What la the world headed
for? We should as soon think of
abolishing the hearae and the string
of weeping carriages at a funeral.
They have always been thus and there
fore thus they must always be. It is
some comfort to notice that this sac
rilegious project of reform does not
originate in the House. It was born
in the irreverent brain of a newspaper
writer, but where it was born makes
but little difference. The important
question is. who will adopt and father
It? Who will make the ill-born urchin
his own child?
We suspect that Victor Murdock Is
quite capable of the enormity. He hap
already Invaded the sacred privilege
of printing fake oratory In the Con
gressional Record. If he has his de
structive way no speech can be print
ed at the public cost unless it has been
actually .delivered in the House,, That
reform ought to satisfy the most om
nivorous soul, but Mr. Murdock Is
hard to satisfy. Like grim death he
forever wants more.
We ehudderingly await his attack
on the eulogies of defunct heroes.
AN OPPORTUNITY INDICATED.
United States Consul P. Merrill
Griffith, of pernambuco. Brazil, Joins
the official commercial representatives
of other cities of Latin America in
urging manufacturers and large whole
sale Interests of the United States gen
erally to pay more attention than they
now do to supplying the market of
that city with products of American
mills, canneries and other, great in
dustrial plants. He cites the fact that
such sale as there Is of American
canned goods In Pernambuco, a city
of 225,000 Inhabitants, Is very remu
nerative. A Urge quantity of the
canned meats and butter sold In this
m.rii) la nf domestic manufacture.
coming chiefly from Rio de Janeiro,
but practically all or tne remainder or
these articles, as well as food stuffs,
sea food and confections. Is imported
These conditions, says Consul Grif
fith, can and should be changed. Of
course the most efficient and effective
way to do this is by sending out thor
oughly competent representatives who
speak Portuguese (the grocery trade
In Brazilian cities being entirely con
trolled by Portuguese merchants) and
who are familiar with the social and
business customs of the people. If
this is at present not practical, owing
to lack of specific training, the use of
catalogues and descriptive circulars,
all of which should be printed In Por
tuguese, together with the weights,
measures, etc.. stated according to the
system employed there, will answer a
This suggests a new field for the
entrance of Pacific Coast products
when the Panama Canal is completed.
The tens of thousands of orchard
trees, that have been planted in recent
years: the enormous possible produc
tion of loganberries, strawberries and
other small fruits and vegetables, sug
gest boundless possibilities for a mar
ket for canned goods grown In the
Willamette Valley and the fruitful
valleys of Southern Oregon and . put
Into merchantable shape In canneries
of sufficient capacity to handle them.
Inquiry has shown that the demand
for articles of this character in this
soon to be near market depends almost
wholly on the price, quantity and qual
ity of the goods, to which prime essen
tials may be added In attractive labels
and the guarantee of purity under our
National pure food laws. Here, It
seems. Is an opening for business and
trade that ambitious young Americans
may enter when the time comes, with
every promise of success.
There Is time between the present
and the opening of the Panasna Canal
for any ordinarily bright young man
to qualify himself to work successfully
In this market. The conditions, as
herein stated, are a thorough work
ing knowledge of the Portuguese lan
guage, and of the system of weights,
measures, etc.. there employed. To
this may be added a good, sound body
and an enterprising spirit. The Latin
states of South America of the Atlan
tic seaboard are at present far away
countries when considered In connec
tion with the markets of the Pacific
Northwest. The completion of the
Panama Canal a few years hence will
bring them to our doors, commercial
ly speaking. Toung men who possess
the qualifications above Indicated, will,
when the time comes, find here a won
derful chance to succeed In commer
A working knowledge of the Portu
guese and Spanish languages, and in
telligent study of trade conditions In
the countries of the Atlantic seaboard
of South American countries, especial
ly of the citiea of Brazil, tnroufh, the
means provided by the trade literature
Issued from time to time by the Bu
reau of Manufactures at Washington
can be acquired In the meantime. Our
horticultural and agricultural prod
ucts will Increase enormously by that
time and the growth of the cannery
business may reasonably be expected
to keep pace with this Increase. The
door of opportunity In this direction
is already ajar. It will awing wide in
1916. Those who are prepared to
enter it will find grand commercial
possibilities awaiting them.
' PROTECTING WITNESSES.
Some of the Maryland courts have
set a good example by adopting a rule
for the protection of witnesses against
lawyers. The attorney who takes de
light In bullying a witness Is familiar
to everybody who has had business in
court. Sometimes a lawyer thinks that
It helps his case with the Jury to cast
slurs upon the good name of opposing
witnesses. Occasionally he fancies
that the strength of his own evidence
will be Increased by hinting that those
who testify on the other aide are liars.
Now and then a lawyer is found who
has a native relish for cruelty and
gratifies it by making witnesses suffer
on the stand.
The danger of falling Into the hands
of an attorney of this sort makes it a
fearful ordeal for many persons to
testify In a lawsuit. They go to court
with extreme reluctance and when
they are on the stand they are so
frightened that they do not know half
what they say. Of course this gives
a cannibalistic lawyer all the better
chance to devour them alive.
More truth can be drawn from a
witness by treating him politely than
by browbeating him. Good lawyers
know this and act accordingly. It is
only Inferior members of the profes
sion who try to eke out mediocre abili
ties by outraging witnesses, but they
are numerous enough to make testi
fying in court a nightmare to timid
Usually -a witness has nothing to
gain by testifying. He goes to court
upon a business which is not his own,
often at serious loss to himself. The
law requires him to make the sacrifice
and it seems no more than right that
the law should protect him from wan
ton insult while he Is performing his
unwelcome task. The notion that out
rage and Invective are the best means
of extracting the truth from a witness
belongs to the time of torture. In this
century there Is no place for it. Wit
nesses ought to be protected as scru
pulously aa . the lawyers themselves.
Often they deserve protection far
A 6000-ton steamship is loading
lumber at South Bend for Australia
Several vessels of similar 6lze and even
larger have recently loaded at Grays
Harbor and also at Coos Bay. Eureka,
Cal., which a few years ago -was
deemed unsafe for large carriers has
also recently been visited by a number
of these big freighters. The appear
ance of these big steamers at these
ports reveals a great change in ship
ping conditions along the coast. It
shows, first, that shipowners can no
longer discriminate against any port
that is safe to enter, and that they
will send their vessels wherever cargo
can be secured. It also shows that
there are several very good harbors
along the coast whieJh a few years ago
were obliged to depend exclusively on
small vessels that of course demanded
and received much higher freights
than the big carriers. A few years
hence Tillamook will be added to the
list of harbors which can handle big
ships and there will be an opportunity
to market the great timber holdings
of that region to much better advan
tage than is possible under present
Astoria has a postal bank and it
opened with a good business, the de
posits offered on the first day amount
ing to $600. Astoria, compared with
other cities, has been singularly free
from bank failures and the financial
institutions already established In that
city have always received very liberal
support from the people. For that
reason the demand for a postal bank
In that city might be less pronounced
than In cities which have been less
fortunate with their banks. But there
is a large foreign population in and
around Astoria which has such explicit
faith in the Government that deposits
might be given a postal 'bank that
would be withheld irom other institu
tions. Further operations of the As
toria postal savings bank will un
doubtedly show substantial deposits In
the Government Institution without
any apparent effect on the deposits in
the banks previously in operation.
The Portland Woman's Union, the
first organization in the Pacific North
west that took cognizance of the home
needs of self-supporting young women,
has started upon the twenty-fifth year
of Its work under very favorable aus
pices. If the plans carefully laid are
not thwarted by conditions which
fealty, courage and endeavor cannot
surmount, substantial progress will be
made toward building a new home for
self-supporting women during the year
which the organization entered upon
the first of May.
The man who is thrown off a street
car deserves big damages, about a mil
lion dollars, for he is the object of
much ridicule, as well as contempt, for
not putting up a successful fight.
. Seattle is getting ten carloads of
potatoes from Maine. They will come
high, after crossing the continent, but
If they are from Aroostook they will
be worth the money.
There is plenty or good orchard land
v.i nnH houiht in Oretron and
there should be no "shady" deals to ,
reflect discredit on tne general oou
of real estate men.
The dairyman who lost his money
In a bunco game became accessory to
the crime when he dropped into the
saloon below the line and met the
Injury by frost to fruit in the Middle
West means a good demand for the
North Pacific product and consequent
scarcity of fruit in our own market.
Some of the revolting Chinese may
have their queues cut off a few Inches
below th,e ears.
The Widow Leeds has her hooks out
for a Duke, with big money bait.
flop contracts at 18 cent presage
more than 25 cents later.
Acting Chief Moore is big enough
to told down, the lid.
MRS. TJUNIWAY TO THE CLERGY
She Tells of Dr. Brougher's Stand oa
Equal Su ft" raise (tneatlom.
PORTLAND. May 2. (To the Editor.)
For the benefit of my friends of the
clergy who may not have read The Sun
day Oregonian I respectfully solicit
space in a daily issue to call their at
tention to the stand on the equal suf
frage question so firmly held by Rev. J.
Whltcomb , Brougher, formerly pastor
of the Portland White Temple, who is
now winning added laurels In Los An
geles. The ministerial association of that
city, numbering 250 members, met re
cently in the Young Men's Christian
Association building. In presence of a
packed audience, to hold a conference
In reference to their action relative to
the pending amendment to the constitu
tion of California to enfranchise women.
The speeches were all in favor of equal
suffrage and the applause of the large
audience seemed universal, when at the
conclusion of the programme Mrs.
George A. Connell, leader of the "antis,"
was granted the courtesy of a hearing
a courtesy never granted the suffragists
at a meeting of "antis" anywhere. 'The
lady's address was merely an appeal to
the ministers to refuse to preach on the
Dr. Brougher immediately took the
floor and said that he felt compelled to
discuss this question from his pulpit
very soon. "I would not," said he,
"force any women to vote, but I would
permit all women to vote who desire to
This Is the only fair and honorable
course for anybody to pursue In adjudi
cating this question, and Dr. Brougher
has stated concisely and clearly. Be
lievers in equal rights for all the peo
ple and special privileges for none, are
always glad when some would-be ob
structionist makes the same heroic
endeavor that influenced Dame Parting
ton when she attacked the Atlantic
ocean with a broom.
Although Oregon's loss of Dr. Brough
er Is California's gain, the more than
40.000 women of Oregon who are on
record as suffragists can afford to wait
till 1912 for famous advocates of their
cause, like Bev. Mr. Brougher and Rabbi
Stephen S. Wise, to return to our state,
since California's suffrage campaign is
scheduled for 1911.
ABIGAIL SCOTT DITNIWAY.
One View of Vice Problem.
PORTLAND, May 2. (To the Editor.)
In answer to a physician's letter,
which appeared in your issue of May 1,
I would stata that the social evil is
unprofitable hence ' impossible on a
large scale when not given official sanc
tion. Where the law recognizes a certain
I Bevuvu VI mo w.ijf ny cis ..
; the municipal market place for souls, a
class 01 oeings spring up wuu
ize this franchise, as it were, and ex
haust every resource to bring new wares
to their market. They employ a staff
of lieutenants to scour the city for freh
stock, incessantly striving to seduce the
poorer and less fortunate of the girls,
and even import from foreign cities and
countries. To quote the words of the
Chicago Society of Social Hygiene the
members of which organization have
made a study of this question, and who
ara recoenized as grood authority on this
j subject. "Society ... is always for
getting to turn on tne iautci
stream of men's gold which alone makes
prostitution possible." Destroy the
segregated- district and you destroy
nine-tenths of the social evil by turning
away the stream of gold from the filthy
coffers of the unspeakable wretches
who thrive only in segregated districts.
And if the physician still insists on
segregation as a cure, why not have the
segregated district, its saloons and its
gambling dives next to his home where
be can see to it that it is "regulated
with an Iron hand?" Why have It
thrust upon the poor of the dty to whom
the temptation is the strongest and
whose resistance can be but of the weak
estT We say that if you must have a
segregated district. Nob Hill is the
place for it. Our women folk, in the
poorer quarter are as sacred to us as
your wife and daughters are to you.
ONE OF THE POOR.
Hudson "3 3" Latest on Market.
American automobile manufacturers
present to the buying public this sea
son 1027 models to select from. There
has been very little change in them
over last year, alterations in body de
sign being the chief difference. The trend
has been strongly toward torpedo
bodies. The foredoor tye has made a
tremendous hit. and demands for that
Btyle of body have been correspond
One model offered this year is not
onlv different In body design, but shows
i a vast change.
The Hudson IS new iniernmij
as well as In outward appearance.
Howard E. Coffin, who has been called
the master builder of cars, has been
responsible for the Hudson "83." It
has Inclosed valves like the European
cars; its fan Is combined with the fly
wheel, making the motor a more
sightly and accessible Job.
At the' automobile shows held
throughout the country since the New
York show opened, January 7, the "33"
has been minulely inspected by motor
ists. Never since the "33" was put out
has the Hudson factory been caught
up on its orders.
Gngelte la 'New Mineral.
Springfield (Mass.) Republican.
A new mineral has been discovered
by Professor Alexander H. Phillips, of
Princeton University, which has been
named "gageite." in honor of R. B.
Gage, of Trenton, through whose ef
forts sufficient material was collected
to perform the necessary analysis. All
specimens thus far secured "have been
obtained from the Parker shaft, near
Franklin. N. J. The mineral is found
in a transparent, colorless crystal for
mation and possesses a high vitreous
luster. The crystals are ordinarily
lodged In the walls of small cavities
and occur In fan-shaped groups. When
observed under the microscope the
prism angles are seen to be well de
fined The new mineral Is supposed
to be closely related to the family of
crystalline zlncite and calcite, while
the same combination of agencies which
produce leucophenicite will also, under
certain circumstances, produce gageite.
Gransre Organised at McCoy.
M'COY Or, May 1. To the Editor.)
Last Saturday, State Deputy Cyrus H.
Walker organized McCoy Grange with
a splendid charter list. The officers
are: Master, George L. Richards;
overseer, S. L. Stewart; lecturer, Hettie
Shields; steward, John Romig; assist
ant steward. A. H. Wyatt; chaplain, F.
T Romlg; treasurer, George A. Shields;
secretary. H. C. Patty; gatekeeper,
August Rhoda; ceres, Grace Stewart;
Pomona, Mary Romig; Flora, Marian
Patty; lady assistant steward, Hattie
Lynch. For some time Polk County
has been the weakest Grange county
In the Willamette Valley, with but two
Harem Skirt Innplrea a Dancer.
M. Lefort, president of the Academy
of Dancing Masters, is one of those
who believe In the future of the harem
skirt and he has taken it for the In
spiration of a dance which Is called
La Cherouelle," the name of the
puffed trousers worn by women of the
East. " .
Naval Recruiting; Office.
EUGENE, Or., April 30. (To the
Editor.) Is there a naval recruiting
office In Portland and what is Its loca
tion. -A- VETERAN.
. An office for enlistment of marines
Is located in the Breedln building. Third
and Washington, Portland. .
ROMPT appreciation of American
scholarship is noted in the prep
aration of the new edition of the
Encyclopaedia Britannica, and the' edi
tor, Hugh Chisholm. is to be congratu
lated on the good Judgment . he has
shown in making his selection of con
tributing writers. For climatology,
Professor R. de Jourcy Ward, of Har
vard, was chosen; for meteorology. Pro
fessor Cleveland Abbe, of Washington,
D. C; for Christianity, Professor
George W. Knox, of Union Theological
Seminary; for paleontology. Professor
Henry Fairfield; Osborn. of Columbia
University; for Mohammedan Institu
tions, Professor D. B. Macdonald. As an
expert adviser on astronomy, the late
Professor Simon Newcomb was select
ed; and American writers were also
chosen for articles an mining and Ori
ental antiquities. Mr. Chisholm Is quot
ed as saying: "What it means is that
here In America you have caught up
with the Old World, and are supplying
your share of original mind-stuff for
the rest of the globe to digest and
Eliza Calvert Hall has. in her new
novel, "To Love and to Cherish," told
the story of love and sacrifice with a
characteristic Kentucky setting. The
story deals with the same genuine, big
hearted Kentucky men and women that
the author has so faithfully portrayed
in "Aunt Jane of Kentucky" and "The
Land of Long Ago."
Bimetallism and kindred plans for
currency reform are dismissed as un
sound by Professor Fisher ,of Yale, in
his new book on "The Purchasing
Power of Money." As a relief, he
pleads for a gold exchange standard
combined with a tabular standard, and
affirms that the purchasing power of
money depends on these five factors
the volume in circulation, velocity, the
volume of bank deposits subject to
check, the velocity of that volume and
finally the volume of trade. He also
furnishes a statistical verification of
the reconstructed quality theory.
Owen Wister, the novelist, was talk
ing in Philadelphia about a poet whose
works sold poorly.
"Poets are usually without honor,"
he said "Remember Wordsworth's case.
"The great Wordsworth was in the
habit of spouting his poetry alond as
he took his lonely walks. Thus he
polished and elaborated his lines.
Thus, too, he got the reputation among
the Rydal Lake folks of being a bit
" 'Well. John, what's the news?" Hart
ley Coleridge once asked an old stone
breaker by the lake shore.
" 'Why, nowt varra partickler.' . the
stone-breaker replied; 'only old Words
worth's broken loose again.' "
Robert W. Chamber's Civil War
novel, "Ailsa Paige," is third on the
list of best selling books In Great Bri
Robert Davis, who is editor of Mun
sey's Magazine and the author of sev
eral plays, in discussing a man who
had achieved some distinction as a kill
"That fellow is a great athlete. He
can throw a wet blanket 200 yards in
The new novel by Susan Glaspell,
author of "The Glory of the Conquered"
(now In its 12th edition), is announced
under the title of "The Vlsloning." Like
"The Glory of the Conquered," it con
tains a love story; but it is. perhaps,
of much larger significance. It shows
vividly the growth of the soul of an
army girl, first seen as absorbed in
the circumscribed though gay life of an
army post, but coming into terribly
close contact with the realities of life
through rescuing an unfortunate girl
from deep trouble. The social life of
officers at an arsenal of today is pre
sented with charm and color, while the
hero, first known to the army girl as
"the man who mends boats," is an un
usual, almost mysterious, figure.
Miss Edna Ferber who. In her new
novel, "Dawn O'Hara," describes the
fascination of the girl reporter's life,
is herself a newspaper woman of expe
rience. She was called "the youngest
real reporter in the United States,"
when, at 17, she began work on a paper
in the town of Appleton, Wis. Here she
covered a multitude of details. Miss
Ferber Is enthusiastic over the excel
lent training acquired on a small news
paper, where one cannot specialize too
"Memories of a Manager," by Daniel
Frohman, discusses the early career
of E. H. Sothern, Margaret Anglin,
Mary Mannerlng, James K. Hackett,
Maude Adams, William Faversham,
Harry Woodruff, Julie Opp, John Ma
son and many others who were under
the management of Daniel Frohman at
the old Lyceum Theater. At the time
referred to, Mr. Frohman had profes
sional relations with several play
wrights of great ability and wide rep
utation, such as Sir. Arthur Pinero,
Henry Arthur Jones, Anthony Hope and
Bernard Shaw. One of the most inter
esting parts of Mr. Frohman's book is
his account of the rehabilitation of
plays which had been wobbling on the
edge of failure; the methods of the
stage manager and his experience with
stars like Mr. and Mrs. Kendall, and
Madame Modjeska in the dramatic and
musical field, and Mr. Frohman's ex
perience in all the phases of the dra
E. Phillips Oppenheim has returned
to his country home In England, after
spending the Winter in the South of
France. Mr. Oppenheim is planning to
sail in a few days for his trip to
America, about the time of the publica
tion of his next novel. "The Moving
Notable Imported religious works
Just brought out in this country are:
"The Athanasian Creed in the 20th
Century," by R. O. P. Taylor, M. A,
(Cantab.); "The Kingdom and the Mes
siah," by E. F. Scott, D. D-, professor
of New Testament Literature in Queen's
University, Kingston, Canada, and au
thor of "The Fourth Gospel; Iits Pur
pose and Theology"; "The Moabite
Stone," by M.'H. Bennett. D. D., Litt.
D., professor of Old Testament Exege
sis, Hackney College and New College,
For months people- speculated on the
authorship of "John, the Unafraid," a
book considered to be a real lamp along
the path of the gospel of human broth
erhood. . Its sale was, and is, large. It
has Just been announced that the au
thor Is William E. Mason, of Chicago,
lately United States Senator from Illi
nois. "Good Men and True" is a lively tale
of our Mexican border by Eugene Man
love Rhodes, who began life as a cow
boy. a a . a
Second editions are announced of Mrs.
Helen B- Albee's "Hardy Plants for
Cottage Gardens" and Professor Rennie
W. Doane's "Insects and' Disease."
Captain B. Granville Baker's "The
Danbue With Pen and Pencil," has 99
illustrations, and vividly recalls the
military, religious and romantic annals
of one of the most famous rivers of the
By William C. Freeman.
The Mutual Coffee Co., of Montgom
ery, Ala., printed in the Montgomery
Advertiser on March 26 an advertise
ment that told of remarkable reaults
secured from an announcement of theirs
printed a few days before.
This company sells coffees. It an
nounced in the advertisement referred
to that it would sell special brands,
packed in Mason's Jars, and they ex
pected that the advertisement would
sell about 10.000 Jars for them.
As a matter of fact, during the week
they sold a carload of Maaou's fruit
Jara, filled with their different brands
of coffee, representing, all told, 21,0
They announced that the following
week they expected to eell 43,200 Jars,
or two carloads.
Now, Montgomery is not a large city,
but the people there have formed the
habit of reading tbe advertisements
printed In the newspapers and the
habit has grown because the local
stores take the people into their con
fidence and tell them straight truth
about the merchandise they have to
That Is why the advertising of the
Mutual Coffee Co. brought such splen
In the smaller cities the practice
among advertisers Is to address them
selves to the public just as though
they were talking to personal friends
because they know nearly everybody
in the community and they would not
be doing the fair thing by their friends
if they were not as accurate in their
printed words as they were in their
Advertising has a treniendoua power
when it is a truthful, friendly mesaage
from a store to the people, and such
advertising always brings results.
(To be continued.)
Country Towa Sayinjs by Ed Howe
(Copyright, 1911, by George Matthew
Very few real singers are willing to
sing for nothing in a church choir.
In a town of less than 20,000 people
It is hard to make use of the third
story of a building.
It's hard for a lecturer to get the
people out, and hard to entertain them
after he does get them out.
If you discover that you made a mis
take, don't stubbornly insist upon keep
ing it up; let go and run.
The men who gain distinction are the
men who blaze the trail in the world's
When a man tells a solicitor he will
"think about It," the solicitor knows
he has lost.
Fortunately, an amateur singer fin
ally realizes the truth.
Lots of people think that owning a
piano gives them social standing.
After a girl passes 30 she is old
enough to marry a widower.
Nearly everyone thinks, "Everybody
knows me," and is mistaken.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian, May 3, 1861.
SALEM, April 30, 1861. The news
that Fort Sumter has fallen was re
ceived here this morning with much ex,
cltement, and whatever opinions have
been entertained before, the almost
universal feeling now is, that the Gov
ernment must be sustained. There are
those who sympathize with secession
even here, but thank God they are few.
It is grateful to the heart of an Amer
ican to see that in this hour of trial,
the people of Oregon are for the Union,
and for the enforcement of the laws.
Look around our streets straw,
chips, wood, broken planks, barrels,
boxes and filth of various kinds, fill up
the gutters; all kinds of rubbish can
be seen in a spot within a stone's
throw;, holes in the sidewalks where
persons in the night can easily cripple
themselves for life. Whose business Is
it to remove these nuisances from the
streets and to repair the sidewalks?
A meeting to give expression to the
sentiments of the unconditional Union
men. is in contemplation. We hope that
it will take place at no distant day.
The subject has been talked over until
a good understanding prevails among
the Unionists, and it now remains for
them to act. Let it be done speedily.
How Chewing Gum la Gathered.
In Yucatan the gathering of the chi
cle chewing gum Is an industry that
employs the services of considerable
bands of natives known as "chicleros."
They go into the deep forests, under ex
perienced leaders, armed with ueavy
.knives of special make and pails and
ladles for the sap, and each one Is
provided with a strong rope, more than
80 feet long, to be used in climbing
the lofty sapota trees from which the
gum is procured. The sap flows from
gashes cut in the bark. A camp of
chicleros, where the sap is boiled, re
sembles In some respects an American
maple sugar camp. After months of
work the chicleros return from the -forests
laden with bricklike blocks of
aromatic gum. The finest gum is col
lected from the fruit or the sapota,
mostly by the native women, and It is
said that it is seldom exported, because
it is too well liked at. home.
OIJ Asre Pensions In Germany.
Old age pensions, accident and sick
ness pensions and other provisions for
wageearners grow apace in Germany.
In 1909, out of a population al about
64,000,000, nearly 10.000.000 of men and
nearly 3,500,000 women were insured
against sickness; nearly 15,000,000 men
and 9,000,000 women against accident.
Disability insurance embraced about
15,400,000 persons. Employers paid
about $98,000,000 in premiums, em
ployes about 581,000,000, and state con
tributions were more than $12,000,000.
It is expected that premiums for this
year will reach $250,000,000, with an
other $100,000,000 on top of it, for the
insurance of public and private serv
ants. Engraved Letters a Boston Fad.
Xew York Press.
Acknowledging and answering cor
respondence with engraved letters is a
novelty introduced by a Boston woman.
Recently a Xew York woman sent a
picture to this woman, and was greatly
surprised to receive an engraved letter
expressing the recipient's pleasure and
extending an invitation to a week-end.
party. This Boston woman answers all
her correspondence in this way writ
ing, then having the letter engraved.
An' engraved memorandum keeps her
posted as to engagaments and tells of
the arrival of friends in town.
Heaviest Weight at 40 Years.
A man generally reaches his heaviest
weight at 40 years.