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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 16, 1911)
TIIE MORXIXG OKEGOXTAX. THURSDAY, MARCH 1G, 1911.
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TTXXSXT AT COLUMBIA.
Dr. Butier. president of Columbia
University, finds himself In a predica
ment which is not entirely without
parallel both la America and abroad
Half the members of his faculty
threaten to strike, or resign, unless he
turns over a new leaf. It la said thnt
Dr. Butler la disposed to unit the
methods of the autocrat with those)
f the police Inspector to a disagree
able extent, lie U a sort of Dlonysius
of Syracuse, unless the reports are
misleading. In place of the famous
r which betrayed to that ancient
tyrant the secrets of bis foes. Dr. But
ler employs the ear of mercenary un
derlies. At least so It la said. The
consequence is an amount of Indigna
tion among the professors Vfhlch must
make times engagingly lively at
The story runs that Dr. Butler was
a trifle more eager than strict aca
demic propriety warranted In seising
cpon Harry Thurston Peek's vagaries
to oust him from his chair. That was
bad enough. If It was true, but a great
deal won was It for the autocrat to
make It a penal ffense for any of
Feck's colleagues to say a word la his
behalf at faculty meetings.
If the accounts do not deceive, there
has been nothing like free speech at
th Columbia faculty meetings for a
good while. Some heretical murmurs
have broken through the thick crust
of silence, but they have been prompt
ly punished with more than inquisi
torial relentlrssnesa Professor Gat
tell, a distinguished scientific man.
day be banished, for Instance, mere
ly because he spoke In favor of a com
mittee to look Into the erap'nymont
and dismissal of instructors. There Is
nothing your tyrant hate quite so bit
terly as an investigation. Thrust In
the gag. Is bla motto, aad never let K
It seems to be pretty clear that Dr.
Butler has made the grievous mistake
ef believing that he can govern a big
American university by the medieval
spy system. Not only la this method
bound to fall In academic circles, but
It will fall Just as completely every
where else. Espionage and gagrule
win never thrive permanently In the
United States, no matter where they
may be tried. The spirit of freedom
win not submit to them.
It la not very common for univer
sity faculties to go on strike, though
students do It fairly often. A famous
strike occurred at Prague soon after
the university was founded In that
city. A large faction of the German
students became dissatisfied with some
new regulations and seceded, taking
their beloved professors along with
them. Like a wandering swarm of
bees, they finally hived themselves at
Lelpslc and there founded a new uni
versity, which has ever since been one
ef the best In the world. Lelpaic Uni
versity la remarkable because It waa
founded almost without money. Noth
ing went Into It at the outset but a
few thousand student, some profes
sors and a little scholarship. Money
tries to make up for the lack of these
three essentials sometimes, but it does
tot Invariably succeed.
At Clark Unlversi'.y. In Worcester.
Massachusetts, there was a secession
of a majority of the faculty not long
after It opened. They struck. It was
said, not so much because of President
G. Stanley Hall's tyranny, as because
Ir. Harper at Chicago was Just then
offering the glittering bait of enor
mous salaries. However that may
have been, most of Dr. Hall's seceding
faculty finally landed In the classic
relghborhood of Mr. Rockefeller's new
institution. Where Dr. Butler's strik
ing professors will betake themselves
no deponent hath as yet Informed us.
THVTRXBCTtOJt OF C OLOXIST.
Twenty of the newly-arrived colon
ics departed yesterday for Tillamook,
another party of fifteen went on to
Southern Oregon, and various other
parties have scattered out to other
parts of the Northwest. Newcomers
of this class are the most desirable of
any that can be secured for Oregon
and for Portland. Their prompt move
toward portions rf the state with
which they are apparently at least
partially familiar enables them to get
settled In time for a season's work.
By another year they will be In the
Tanks of the producers. Ths present
rush, like all others that have preceded
It. naturally brlnrs with It a few
who have not fully prepared them
selves f ir ths change. Those who
come without sufficient funds to tide
them ever until they can And a sat
isfactory opening, or who have no def
inite location or occupation In view,
may In some cases experience difficul
ty In securing satisfactory employment
or opportunity for gaining a foothold.
The cautious, however, who have
taken the trouble to Inform them
selves as to conditions and opportuni
ties In ths sew country, are arriving
well equipped either for Immediately
taking up the work of building a new
borne or for continuing their investi
gation. There Is no lack of oppor
tunity. Soms of the moat prosperous
men and women rn the state were
jiewly-arrtved colonists tea years ago.
Many of them started with vary little
capital except energy and ths willing
ness for hard work. Ths opportunities
t-day are In most respects as good as
those of a do en years ago. Land lo
cated near the railroads and cities la
worth mors money than It was then,
but new railroads have opened up
great tracts of new territory In which
tie opportunities are as great as they
were near the older railroads. In the
city there is perhaps less opportunity
for ths man without money than there
waa a doxen years ago. but there Is a
correspondingly greater opportunity
for the newcomer with money.
So fax as Portland Is concerned.
this city will receive Its share of the
new arrivals automatically. Out of a
given number of colonists entering the
state to make their homes a certain
percentage will naturally drift to the
city and will aid In building it into
greater Portland. All that It Is neces
sary for Portland to do In this matter
Is to see that the great bulk of the
newcomers Is distributed through ths
state In localities where It can get the
speediest returns on Investments of
capital and labor. This city will re
ceive Its share In ths benefits as soon
as development begins In the new re
gions In which the newcomers settle
We need farmers and capitalists above
all others that can be attracted here.
If we get enough of them thers will
be further openings for an Immense
number of other tradesmen and pro
r.jrnsAxsnrr nc two views.
The OrevoBlu rasr succeed In convicting
Oovtraor wt of trm partisaaiMp: out
from l ho present outlook, the Governor
bas the poopio with him and Is likely to
bro hoio wlia him to the ml Anr pob
man may make a mistake. Oovernor
Weot may bo no xeptlon to the rxi'.a. Hot
If bo oa make mUlakea. thay "ill bo ot
the beea and aol ox ue an. - -
Can anyone, by the widest stretch
of the Imagination, fancy the rabid
stats press, of which the News is a fair
type, condoning the mistakes of public
men who belong, say. to the old order
In politics and public affairs T a hat
furies of Indignation and wrath the
News would have displayed if Mr.
West's opponent had been elected
Governor and had vetoed some sev
enty bills passed by the Legislature,
many of them because they cams
from his political opponents or no
cause he wanted to put the Legislature
"In a hole." or because he wanted to
grandstand around as the one and
only peoples friend!
Now here wo have extreme parti
sanship excused as a venial fault, if
not approved as a positive virtue, in
another, not of the same way of po
litical thinking and action. It would
have been a criminal transgression of
the proprieties, an outrageous perver
sion of the executive's plain duties, a
gross betrayal of the public confl
denes. So off. with his crooked head
and out with his foul heart!
TKTtCX AT DAXTTTXK.
In ths distribution of Justice at Dan
vllle there appears to be soma lack
of ths exact balance which soothes the
soul and stimulates reverence for ths
law and Its procedure. Ws read, for
example, that William C. Brown has
been Indicted for receiving money
from a candidate to Influence his vote.
Heading on down the column expect
antly, wo look for ths announcement
that the candidate has been Indicted
for giving money to William C Brown
to Influence his vote. But wo do not
find It. William Is a humble Indi
vidual of no particular account In ths
social and political circles of Danville,
no doubt. So It la safe and sana to
Ths candidate, whoever he may be,
belongs, we dare say. to a superior
circle. To disgrace him would stir up
a scandal ' therein. He may be a
banker upon whom widows and or
phans depend for their dally bread
Ho may stand high in the councils of
ths party. How can the law be ex
pected to handle such a man rudely?
The hard hands and rough garments
of William Brown offer no resistance
to the Impact of Justice, while the pur.
pis and fins linen of ths man who
bribed him Inspire a degree of awe
In the blind goddess which paralyzes
her sword hand.
We do not deplore the fate of Will
iam Brown. Very likely be Is a sordid
wretch with his horny paw forever
stretched out after tips of one sort
and another. Let us agree that he
got bis deserts and have done with
him. What wo bewail is the fact that
the man who tipped him will not get
This seems to be another of the too
numerous cases where crime armed In
rags is open to wounds from any
Dla-my's straw, while plated In gold the
strong lance of Justice hurtless breaks
upon It. Shakespeare never haa been
belauded as much or a propnet, we
rejoice to say. but It almost looks as
If he had foreseen our current bribery
Indictments when ho made poor old
Lear recite those tragic sentiments.
Tho plain Intent Is to chasten the rich
by making examples or the poor, it
may work In Danville and In Adams
County, Ohio, but it never -worked
SXB EDWARXVS erEECH.
Sir Edward Grey's speech on an ar
bitration treaty with ths United
States, which Tho Oregonlan referred
to yesterday, has stirred up any
amount of excitement In Europe. The
Continental newspapers see very clear
ly that if Great Britain and the United
States should ones agree to submit all
their difficulties to unprejudiced
Judges for decision tho end of militar
ism as a European system would not
be far off. Economic pressure would
simply compel Germany, Franco and
Hussia to follow tho beneficent exam
ple. They might stand out for a while,
but not for long. Is It conceivable
that tho French and Germans would
continue to bear the burden of war
taxes In time of pesos when they, bad
seen the English and Americans es
cape it by the easy expedient of arbi
tration? The German and French peo
ples are not fools. They know a good
thing when they see It. All that Is
necessary Is for tho two English
speaking nations to make the plunge
and show them the results.
Sir Edward's speech has met with
scarcely any hostile comment at home.
Of course the tory organs havs to
mingle their praise with growls, but
tho growls are not taken seriously.
Ths relief to Great Britain would be
incalculable If ths war specter could
be laid once for all, and the people
realize that the only way to lay It Is
by arbitration. With England, as
with Germany and France, arbitration
Is the only alternative to bankruptcy.
As Sir Edward declared, bankruptcy
confronts every first-class power In
ths world if ths mad race for arma
ments does not stop before long.
The United States has not yet gone
so far as other governments In the
Insane competition, but tho fury Is
growing upon us. Already ws spend
more annually upon our forces than
waa needed to maintain ths Spanish
War footing. This vast sum. together
with the burden Inherited from old
wars, forms an appreciable load aven
for rich America. Twenty years from
now. If ths rage continues, we shall
be groaning and swestlng under as
weary a lead as ths Germans them
selves. Military men are like gam
bler. They win never stop until tho
last dollar has been staked. Their
appetite grows by hat It feeds on.
If Mr. Taft puts his proposed arbitra
tion treaty through ho will be num
bered among the great benefactors of
CLEARING THB WAT FOR SINGLE TAX.
Wo confess that ws are not able to
grasp tho logic of Mr. tTRen's remarks
at ths meeting of tho Fels Commission.
Wo learn with Interest that he read
"Progress and Poverty" In 1882 and
went craxy over single tax. That
much of his statement Is clearly and
concisely expressed. It may bo accept
ed, too. as quite true.
It must bo Inferred from tho state
ments next following that Mr. U"Ren
spent ten years in a futile attempt to
convince tho people that the Henry
George Idea was a panacea for all tho
Inequalities of taxation. "I thought
I would got it (single tax) by agita
tion, and was often disgusted with a
world that refused to bo agitated for
what I wanted." ho says.
Then In 19S hs learned of the initi
ative and referendum and saw that it
provided a way for tho people to "get
what they want rather than take what
tho Legislature will let them have." So
be dropped single tax and agitated tho
initiative and referendum.
It is hero that wo fail to follow Mr.
tTRen's logic. He cou!dnt convince
the people we Infer that In the use of
the word "world" he means "people"
that they wanted single tax. so be de
cided that the way to single tax was to
give the people tho power to get for
themselves what they wanted. Clear,
isn't it 7
In tho light of Oregon history it is
certainly apparent that tho people
wanted tho Initiative and referendum.
But before they could have it. It was
necessary for a majority of tho Legis
lature to bo In favor of giving it to
them. It required an amendment of
the constitution to attain tho initiative
and referendum and It was necessary
for tho Legislature to propose the
amendment. Why should the Legisla
ture let the- people have tho Initiative
and referendum, if they wanted It, and
refuse to let them have single tax. If
they wanted It?
A clear answer Is found In tho vote
of UOS. Single tax was then present
ed through tho Initiative and the peo
ple by a majority of nearly 80.000 de
clared they did not want It.
So Mr. ITRen and his assocaltea
cleared tho way again in 110. "Wo
did not make a single-tax fight In
1$10." hs says. No. Ths wraith of
polltax was called from tho grave and
noisily assaulted to detract attention
from tho county option Joker which
"cleared tho way" for single tax only
in . far u it nermltted tho submis
sion of single tax by counties.
t - v, .irMiv irmm pni dpi ura
the Fels Commission to talk of "clear
ing the way" for single tax In Ore
gon. Contributors to tho fund no
doubt need encouragement. Four
.iti... novo ailnned bv In Oregon
since tho Initiative and referendum
first "cleared the way" ror single iaa.
and still there Is no singlo tax In Ore
gon. There win do no singio iu
Oregon. But wo shall prooaDiy con
tinue to "clear the way" for It so long
c-i funA holds out or the con
tributors do not demand transference
of agitation to a people more reauuy
A DISCONSOLATE COIXXVT.
If the cholera epidemic in Honolulu
proves to bo grave enough to enjoin
quarantine against that city, many
people v.ho gTew Impatient of the
damp embargo of Winter upon the Pa
,m. r-n..t .nil hied them thither
seeking sunshine out of season will
And themselves stranded. 111 content
with the climate tney so eageny
.n.,v. Tho heata of August on the
North Pacific Coast are said to pre
vail In Honolulu at present, broken
frequently by tropical thunder storms
a.iHrienness and fury, succeed
ed Immediately by a fervid run that
sends the precipitated moisture up In
low-lying mist that Invades to the skin
tho luckless seeker after an Improve
ment on tho climate or uregon. ui
course all of this Is trifling. If the
i w traveler can take the first
steamer out for San Francisco, with
Portland In tho immediate perspective.
-ith ail berth accommodations
engaged -for six weeks ahead and a
quarantine In prospect, me bh.uh.wvfu
becomes complicated wu even uu-
For the sake, thererore, not less oi
tho Winter colony from tho Pacific
Coast, now looking anxiously toward
home, than of the commercial inter
ests Involved, it is hoped that the prev--,
e .hniora. In Honolulu is not
serious enough to call for a suspension
of commerce. "A shipwrecked sanor,
tnr a anil " is scarcely a more
disconsolate object than Is the home
sick sojourner In a strange city under
HOME IXDl'bTRVS ADVANTAGES.
van tap-pa that result
A not -
. . i ..nnyM nf hnma Industries
irum Lit, uKu-
have never been questioned. For that
reason the occasional vo
gon" fairs, expositions and exhibits are
ill highly benenciai in co-mnit uu -
entlon of consumers to Oregon goods,
f wo have not yet reached a point in
.... n.n,if9cturlne nrocrress where wo
can produce all of tho commodities re
quired by Oregonians, It Is our duty to
purchase such commodities from our
nearest neighbor. This keeps the
money that Is paid for tho goods com
paratively near at horn, and In lnfl-
tely preferable to scnuuig u w
ie Rocky Mountains or to some for
The Oregonlan nas regrcnuuy kucu
Mention to the decadence of tho Cali
fornia grain business. Our nearest
neighbor on tho south has suffered
in train production
that for the past three years it has
been necessary for Oregon and Wash
ington to supply annually from $6,000.-
000 to IS.000.000 wortn or wnni nu
. T, la wnnA business and the Cali
fornia's pay their bills promptly, but
i. wn-iM ki an immense economic ad
vantage to the entire Coast If Califor-
a would still produce enougn wnesi
her own requirements ana mu en
- c.n mta Washington to bring
.- mtiilona from some of the con-
i... ,ntriM at the Old World.
where we market the surplus that
California does not requira.
The cement business as It Is now
handled on tho Pacific coast oners
v. . . , k - Heat examDle of the ad
vantages of keeping our money In cir
culation at homo or near home. Ore
gon has not yet undertaken the manu
facture of cement on a large scale, but
for the past two years wo have almost
m Kan Inn A f he European market, on
which o were formerly dependent.
id now secure pracucauy an cemeni
pplles from California, This traffic
the year 1910 reached a total .or
i ttnn ,nna anrf In the single Item of
freight charges from producer to con-
turner there was a saving, based on
former freight rates from Europe, of
nearly tl.OoO.OOO. Tho business was
of such magnitude that it gave em
ployment to a largo number of people
In California and the money thus
placed In circulation had a purchas
ing power many times greater than
the actual cost of producing tho ce
ment. Tho 10.000 tons which was used In
Portland and vicinity gave1 employment
to a big fleet of steam schooners. These
vessels, with cement cargoes north
bound to pay a part of the expense of
the trip, were enabled to make lower
rates on lumber for the return trip
than they could havs made had it not
been for the cement. In this way the
lumber trade participated In the sav
ing that was effected by the Coast in
shifting from European to California
Oregon possesses in unlimited quan
tities all of the materials used in the
manufacture of cement and will event
ually, by using her own products, keep
even the freight money at home.
Pending this change, it is hardly prob
able that we shall ever again be obliged
to buy cement any farther away from
homo than California. It is needless
to state that all of the advantages
mentioned in the case of cement will
bo found In degree In all other articles
of home production. The great Pa
cific Coast country will never attain its
maximum of prosperity until our in
dustries reach a stage of development
where they turn into marketable shape
all articles and commodities that can
bo produced in this territory.
News reports regarding tho fato of
the American soldiers of fortune who
aro participating in the Mexican
troubles aro somewhat conflicting. Wo
aro Informed one day that tho Ameri
cans will be shot whenever cap
tured. The next day assurance comes
that they will not suffer bodily harm.
War is a stern reality from which all
sentiment has been eliminated. Those
who engage in It as a rule are fully
aware of tho penalties that await tho
vanquished. It is distressing to learn
of tho shedding of American blood,
but the Mexican government Is clearly
within Its rights lh executing ejvery
American It can catch In active war
faro against it. We would hardly ex
pect to dismiss with a warning any
Mexican adventurer who came over the
border and took up arms against the
United States at a time when this
country was fighting an insurrection.
Tho effect of killing a few of these
Americans might in tho long run prove
beneficial. It would prevent other
Americans from "butting In" on family
rows In which wo aro not directly concerned.
Portland has gained such a long
lead over other American ports as a
wheat exporting point that its position
will bo retained until tho end of the
season. This prestige of being the
largest wheat shipping port In the
United States will be held by Portland
Indefinitely unless there should bo an
occasional phenomenal crop In tho.
Middle west or ssouinwesi. inn pres
tige Is duo to the fact that the In
creased consumption In tho more
thickly settled portions of tho United
States has cut down tho exportable
surplus which formerly mads New
York, New Orleans, Philadelphia and
Galveston great wheat shipping ports.
It will be many years before tho local
consumption of Oregon wheat In the
Pacific Northwest will more than keep
even with the Increased yield.' In the
near future Portland will undoubtedly
establish a new record by shipping
more wheat than has ever been sent
out of a North Pacific port In a single
There is little room for doubt or
argument against tho plea of Insanity
urged in defense of a woman on trial
for tho murder of her 4-year-old son
by forcing carbolic, acid down the
child's throat. The act Is that of a
demented woman; tho cause of her
mental unbalance lies remote or near
in her ancestry or environment. A
woman of Albany. New York, has been
for some days on trial for her life for
this act. She Is, to uss the words of
the lawyer who was defending her, a
poor mindless creature who should be
sent to an asylum for treatment and
care during the remainder of her days.
This is the sensible, humane and prac
tical view of the matter, while for her
own sake tho sentiment that stands
between her and the electrical chair
tho murderer's goal in New York
would fain that these days do not ex
tend Into years.
Fato must have smiled ironically
when the author of "How to Be
Happy" swallowed a dosa of arsenic.
How easy to preach, how difficult to
practice. Tho flood of books on op
timism has certainly given the world
more cheerfulness of late years, but,
Judging from Mr. L. R. Andrews case,
the authors have not received their
It is no wonder that foreign noble
men think American girls are all sim
pletons. There Is much evidence to
Justify the opinion. Still it Is errone
ous, as the Count do Pelogglo has
found out to his chagrin. His experi
ence mny possibly teach other needy
noblemen a wholesome lesson, but the
chances aro it will not. People of that
sort do not learn or forget very fast.
There should bo concerted move
ment of peace officers throughout tho
xrn,har tn arrest and disarm all ho
boes. Tho ordinary tramp Is harmless,
often a well-meaning man seeking
work: but tho vicious element must be
subdued, and there la dui one way to
China lags far In tho rear of civili
zation. How far we may estimate
'mm the fact that she is ravaged by
plague and famine together. Europe
waa ravaged In the same way 600 years
ago, but such things could not happen
there now. China is at least half a
millennium behind us.
v..,i air months after the occur
rence tho Coroner's Jury has decided
the Los Angeles Times affair was
ca.ised by a high explosive. At that
rate of progress tno guiuy parties um
bo dead before they can be caught.
TCatnrallv the woman In the case up
holds tho Roseburg slayer. Tho other
man Is dead-
Attention of Middle Westers Is called
to this weather and that "back home."
You can depend upon a dog to Iden
tify Its owner.
This is also Ideal towns! to weather.
with lots in It.
FIDDLING-JOURNALISM A POOR JOB
More Commeat a to Recent SOta Anni
versary of The Oregoniaa.
In the immense 50th anniversary num
ber of The Morning Oregonlan of Port
land. Or., is the personal story of its
venerable founder. H. L. PIttock. who
went West as a plain printer, slept in
a print shop for two years, and stllll
lives to see a great paper In a large and
thriving city realize the Inchoate
dreams of empire which In the early
days inspired the labor of the pioneer.
Western contrasts, as afforded by
present conditions with those of the
comparatively recent past, make for
a continuing and always vital romance.
When PIttock founded The Daily Ore
gonlan In Portland he drew upon a
population of only 3000 people and had
to face the vigorous competition of
three older papers. Now, In a city of Its
hundred thousands, his great presses
publish the paper of commanding influ
ence on the Coast. Surely, here is ac
complishment and visions made real
worth the mammoth edition which
marks the half-century milestone In its
Mr. Pittock's story, however, holds a
j flash or so which robs the newspaper
eplo of its startling character as a mere
I part of a great sectional development.
- He waa no Dlacer miner rewarded with
the easy wealth ot free gold. What he
got and made and created came as the
result of old-fashioned labor, mental
and physical. "By close work," he says,
"I drove out all competition. My policy
was to get all the news I possibly could.
From California I received the news
overland. The news went as far as
Yreka by telegraph, thence to Jackson
ville by pony express, and from there
to Portland by stage." Of his competi
tors one failed by reason of Southern
sympathy in a Union section; another
paid too little attention to Its news
service; "the Times people didn't at
tend closely to business. One of them
played the violin and the other the bass
viol at social functions. I played neither
the violin nor the bass viol, but I kept
In this homely confession is a peren
nial text. After learning what The
Oregonlan's competitors were doing In
the pioneer days. It is no wonder that
after E0 years It should be found so
youthfully ruling the journalistic roost
along the Paclflo littoral.
WOMAN'S SWEET TOOTH IS FIRST.
Fair Americans Now Spend Less Money
oa Their Jewelry.
Detroit Free Press.
The New York Times observes that
In 1910 the cost of so-called luxuries
Indulged in by Americans Included
these Items: Jewelry, $300,000,000;
confectionery, 8365,000,000; automo
biles, $498,000,000; tobacco, $460,000.
000; alcoholic drinks, $1,745,300,000;
"Waste, extravagance!" howl the
economists and the moralists. Yes,
there Is a percentage of waste due to
over-indulgence and to overcharges by
retailers, particularly In the matter of
liquid refreshments. But this waste
comparatively speaking, Is only inci
dental. Money spent for "creature
comforts" and luxuries Is not neces
sarily wasted. A life narrowed down
to the bare necessities Is a very color
less, burdensome sort of existence. It
Is a question whether over-indulgence
on the whole Is worse than under-ln-dulgence.
The figures quoted show some odd
thlnga Apparently they prove that
the American woman Is fonder of can
dy than she Is of Jewelry, which may,
as one pleases, either be considered an
Indication that she has an unusual love
for things that tickle the palate, or a
proof that she has begun to discount
barbarlo array. The figures for to
bacco are not relatively high when one
considers that both sexes now Indulge
In the weed to a considerable extent.
Except possibly In one Instance the fig
ures are encouraging rather than
otherwise, because they reveal an op
timistic spirit In the people. As a rule
pessimists are not openhanded.
Kept-Over Skin Used for Graf tins;.
Dr. Wayne Babcock of the Samaritan
hospital stall has demonstrated that
human skin can be preserved for an
indefinite period and used for graft
ing on other bodies. The discovery
will obviate many painful operations
undergone by healthy persons who are
willing to part with portions of their
own healthy skin for the relief of suf
fering relatives and friends.
Recently, thirty-two Inches of skin
was taken from the body of a patient
In course of an operation at the hospi
tal and five days later It was grafted
on the arm of another patient. Miss
Anna Wendt, 18 years old, of 3436
North Third street, whose left forearm
had been burned in an ironing mangle
In the American Lace Company's es
tablishment. The skin, after Its removal from the
first patient, was wrapped in antisep
tic cloth and hermetically sealed in a
Jar which was placed in ice water In a
Since the skin was grafted on the
arm of Miss Wendt it has grown into
the flesh and surgeons at the hospital
declare that the transplanting was en
TJ. S. 'Senator Depevr Has a Dooble,
New York Herald.
Chauncey M. Depew has a double
who looks so much like the New Tork
Senator that he once fooled the door
keepers of the Senate and walked into
the middle of a secret session. He ta
Colonel W. W. Smith, of Topeka, one
of the confidential men of Senator
Charles Curtis of Kansas. The other
morning Colonel Smith was stopped
three times by persons who mistook
him for Mr. Depew.
Colonel Smith's appointment gives to
him the privilege of going upon the
floor during the open sessions. Not
knowing that the Senate was In secret
session he walked. past the doorkeep
ers, who mistook him for Senator
Depew. An employe from Colonel
Smith's own state hurried up to him in
"Come Into the cloakroom, quick.
Smith," said the man.
There Colonel Smith learned of his
Innocent infraction of Senate rules.
There's Strength Ik a Whalea Tall.
Ask ten persons what Is the strongest
animal force In the world and nine will
reply that It Is the blow of a lion's paw.
The tenth man may express the belief,
based on experience, that It Is the kick
of a Missouri mule. As a matter of fact,
the blow of a whale's tail is incomparably
the strongest snimal force; a blow de
livered by a full-grown whale placed at
Just the right distance would smash In
the side of a wooden ship as though it
were an egg shelL The second strongest
force is the kick of a giraffe, and this
terrible kick is adequate protection to
these otherwise helpless animals. The
stroke of the lion's paw cornea third on
Native Heaths of Poller's Earth.
Consular and Trade Reports.
Fuller's earth Is found in the English
Jura, in the Belgian chalk formations,
In Roeswein and Slebelehm In Saxony
and along the Oder River in the province
of Silesia Fuller's earth Is extensively
exported, especially from Florida and
other parts of the United States. Its prin
cipal uses in Germany are to dissolve fats
and oils used In soap and other industries,
to ecour and cleanse cloth. In the manu
facture of colored paper and rugs. In the
production of ultramarine and also in the
manufacture of an article to clean out
T HOW THB SENATORS FILIBUSTER.
Effective Use ot Weapon Depends oa
New York Press.
The scene ' is a large room, contain
ing some 90-odd chairs, in more or less
of which are middle-aged and aged
men, some asleep, some half asleep, all
sleepy. One of them is on his feet, ap
parently trying to amuse his compan
ions by a little talk and a lot of read
ing aloud. Considering the hour, which
is later than midnight, his book seems
oddly chosen, for it is the Congres
sional Record. Now and . then a soli
tary man, sitting apart from the oth
ers, and on a raised platform, opens
his eyes, notices a sign of life In the
audience, and asks the talker if he
yields. The talker either yields or does
not yield. In either case he is at it
again before long, reading aloud much,
speaking a little. One of his hearers is
imprudent enough to question him. He
turns on the questioner and asks If the
gentleman remembers the evidence on
this point. The gentleman does not, and
the talker, who feared as much, reads
him enough Congressional Record to
paper a moderate-sized room. Day
breaks at last, and the talker, after
pleasantly inquiring when he is to
have an opportunity to end his re
marks, finally subsides. The sleepers
wake up and scatter. The room is
This, as the discerning reader has
long ago perceived, is not a fancy pic
ture. It- is a realistic sketch of "the
most august deliberative body in the
world" engaged In a filibuster. For
there is no Cannonlsm In the rules
which govern the proceedings of the
most august deliberative body. There
Is nothing but Nature to keep a Sena
tor from making a speech a week long.
If such be his pleasure. Wasn't It
Matthew Stanley Quay who spoke once
upon a time for almost two weeks?
Didn't Senator La Follette speak for
thrae days, not so nany years ago?
Neither the old style of statesman nor
the new disdains the filibuster when
he believes he can in no other way get
what he wants. It Is not scruple, not
a sense of the value of time, not a re
gard for the augustness of the most
august deliberative body, that makes,
filibusters so comparatively rare. They
would ccour oftener if their success
ful practice did not require exceptional
Some Americans are so opposed to
Canadian reciprocity that they would
be glad to have it talked to death.
Some are so eager for a tariff board
that they approve threats to kill all
other bills with talk unless a vote on
the tariff board bill is agreed to. Some,
are so earnest in preferring to have
Lorimer unseated by the next Senate
rather than to have" him confirmed by
this one that they applaud so much of
the filibuster as is anti-Lorimer. And
yet most of us. when our eyes are
clear and our minds open, admit that
the United States Senate does not ap
pear to advantage during a filibuster.
New Recording Bill,
WOODBURN, Or., March 15. (To the
Editor.) Will you please tell In your
columns the provisions of the law re
garding the recording of deeds and
wills. Must they be recorded as soon
as made to be lawful? I understand
the last Legislature passed such a bill.
Senator Malarkey's bill, removing
the five-day limit for recording deeds
and mortgages, was enacted at the last
session of the Legislature. Under the
former statute the person to whom a
deed was Issued or a mortgage executed
was allowed five days in which to have
the deed or mortgage recorded. Under
Its operation fraud frequently was
practiced. Subsequent sale or the exe
cution of another mortgage on' the
same property cost the Innocent in
vestor the amount of his Investment,
the instrument first executed being
recognized under the law providing It
was filed for record within five days
following the date on which it was exe
cuted. Under the Malarkey bill this lim
it is removed and the deed or mortgage
that Is filed first takes precedence over
all other deeds and mortgages regard
less of when they were executed. The
Malarkey bill does not apply to a will,
which Is filed only subsequent to the
death of its author. In such cases, the
Instrument last written takes prece
dence over all other wills that may
have been executed, even though the
conditions of former Instruments of the
same character are entirely annulled
by the provisions of the Instrument
Mexican Border Maneuvers.
HOOVER, Or., March 13. (To the
Editor.) If a war -should break out in
Brazil, the same as in Mexico, accord-
' lng to the Monroe Doctrine, would
President Taft have to send troops
down to protect J. P. Morgan's coffee
deal? MILTON MILLER.
The Monroe Doctrine was simply a
declaration that the United States
would not permit future European
colonization or aggrandizement on the
American continents. The doctrine has
nothing to do with the American Army
maneuvers on the Mexican border.
The United States, England, Ger
many' and other large powers main
tain by show of force if necessary pro
tection of the property of their citi
zens in foreign countries. If large
American interests were threatened
with confiscation or wanton destruc
tion in Brazil, President Taft would
undoubtedly order a naval demonstra
tion off the Brazilian coast.
Hair Cutting la Prisons.
PORTLAND, March 13. (To the Editor.)
Do penitentiaries compel convicts upon
their arrival at those institutions to have
their hair cut short and all beard shaven
from their faces? J. M. BAXTER.
. - At.. ... 1 ntwMm In TionitAntiaries
JLl 19 fcUO ' -
to clip the hair and shave the beard of
Lawyer Is Not Necessary.
PORTLAND, March 4. (To the Edi
tor.) May an Individual, other than an
attorney at law, make application for
United States patent without employ
ment of attorney granted of course
the Individual knows the procedure?
When Champ's In the Chair.
We''l show 'em a thin or two. Champ Clark.
When you. are in the chair;
We'll .bow 'em a man from the woolly West
Who's ttuly the peer of the very best
That ever ia in the Speakei-i placa
And day by day with grit and grace
Wielded the gavel there.
We'll ahow 'em a thing or two. Champ Clark,
Whan you axe In tn. chair: .
Wa'U ibow em- a man from tna "allow mer
Who's'k'nown from the Hub to the Golden
We-veHied him lonr In old Mir
But others hava learned to prlaa him too
And caps axa in tho air. .
We'll show 'em a thing or two. Champ a ark.
wJl? ahoV'am i man aVthT way from PIka
w" vaVuI. to. North and the loath alike.
Who-U favor the people and Bay the trusts
And "elt The tarnt .ome deadly thrusts
With brawny arm ajid bare.
We'll show 'em a thins or two. Champ Clark.
When you are in the chair;
We ll show 'em a man and mark my word
Sn .how 'em a man who'i fitted tor charge
Of tba land we love from maxge to marge.
And we're going to put him there.
Timely Tales of the Day
At the recent bar meeting a number
of lawyers were lounging In the court
room waiting for the session to be
called to order, when one of them be
gan discussing the coming city election
and the remarkable crop of candi
dates some of whom ,were present.
One of them told the story of the king
and the farmer.
"Good morning, farmer," said the
"Good morning, king," said the far
mer, "where are you going?"
"Hunting." said the king.
"Hunting." said the farmer, "you'll
all get wet"
"The court astrologer has assured us
that it will not rain," said the king,
and the hunting party proceeded. A
heavy rain drenched the king soon
after and the king had the astrologer
decapitated and sent for the farmer.
"Law's cakes," said the farmer when
he arrived, "it ain't me that knows
when it's going to rain, lfs my donkey.
When it's going to be fair weather he
always carries his ears forward, so.
When It's going to rain, he puts them
"Make the dpnkey court astrologer,"
shouted the king. It was done and the
king always declared that that selec
tion was the greatest mistake of his
Here the lawyer stopped his story
and one of the city candidates present
asked: "Why? Didn't the donkey do
"Yes," drawled out tho lawyer, "but
after that, every donkey in the coun
try wanted to hold office."
Mike H. Butler, of Portland, who was
athletic director of the Chicago Ath
letic Association when Rex Beach,
author, was "one of the boys," tells a ,
story on Beach which happened when
Butler was in New York a few weeks
Beach was traveling from Chicago to
Seattle and when several hours out he
got out to "stretch his legs." On the
station platform he saw a group of
drummers sizing him up and as he
passed them heard one remark: "It's
Going back into the car. Beach was
approached by one of the party with
the remark: "I 'made' you as soon as
I saw you."
"That so?" answered the novelist.
"Yes, you're Frank Gotoh."
Beach, who weighs about 240 and
stands 6 feet 1, admitted the charge,
went forward to the smoking compart
ment with the traveling men and re
counted tales of great wrestling
matches until he reached Chicago,
when he bade his hero worshippers
adieu, leaving them Ignorant of their
Rev. James D. Corby, pastor of the
First Universalist Church, boarded a
pay-as-you-enter Broadway car the oth
er night. He paid his fare and as he
entered the car, dropped on the floor a
nickel from the change which he held
in his hand.
He didn't notice his loss and pro
ceeded up the aisle, looking for a seat.
A stylishly-dressed woman arose,
picked up the coin, and followed the
clergyman up the aisle.
"You dropped a coin, sir," she said.
Dr. Corby politely thanked her.
The woman returned to her seat.
"Why didn't you keep it?" asked her
husband In a whisper audible throughout
"Ah, I would if H had been any one
else." answered his wife, also in a stage
whisper, "but he's a minister. Who'd
want to take money from a minister?
Besides it was only a nlckeL"
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonlan. March 16, 1S61.
While Senator Nesmith was In San
Francisco on his way to Washington he
was waited upon by a committee who
stated to him that there was an organ
ization of citizens in California who
had digested and matured a plan for es
tablishing a Pacific republic. Senator
Nesmith made this communication to
Gen. J. A. McDougal, who used It In a
publio speech In Sacramento. Gen.
McDougal Is a decided friend of ths
Union as it la
The pony express arrived at Carson
City at 9 A. M. March 5. bringing dis
patches to the 20th February.
Jeff Davis was Inaugurated president
of the Southern Confederacy on the 18th.
President Lincoln was prosecuting his
Journey toward the capital. Nothing im
portant had happened along the way.
The rumors are renewed that Fort
Sumpter will be attacked on the 4th
During the week past no vessel has
sailed from Portland out of the Columbia
l River. The Santa Cruz deferred her
time of sailing until toaay, ana wo
Mary Ellen has not completed ioaainB
lumber for Honolulu. She takes 75,000
feet of lumber from Collins' Mills.
Eng'and's Bravest Mam.
' At the annual meeting of the Royal
Humane Society of England the other
day, it was announced that the Stan
hope gold medal for 1910 had been
awarded to Frank Fraser, chief engi
neer of the steam trawler Donside cf
Aberdeen, who thus attains the distinc
tion of being recognized as the "bravest
man of the year." The deed of gallan
try performed by Mr. Fraser is thus de
scribed: Shortly after midnight August "
27 the Donside was on the Viking Bank,
some 225 miles northeast by east of Aber
deen, the night being pitch dark and the
weather rough. Although there was a
heavy sea running the captain decided
to shoot the trawl, and when he thought
all was clear shouted to let go, but, un
fortunately, John Fraser. a deck hand,
was carried over the side. Hearing the
cry "Man overboard!" the chief en
gineer, Frank Fraeer, rushed up from
below and, at once plunging after him.,
eiftceeded in reaching the man, who was
hie own brother, both men then drifting
astern. There being light in the after
rigging the men could be faintly seen
and a rope vras thrown, which Frank
Fraser managed to grasp, but, his hands
being greasy with oil from the engine,
he had the utmost difficulty In retaining
his hold, and it was only after 15 minutes'
strenuous exertion that they were got
No wolves, Bat Officer, to Kill Them.
London Westminster Gazette.
Wolves have long been extinct in
France, yet there are s hundred "lieu
tenants do la louveterle," whose nominal
duty it is to keep these animals under.
Among the holders of this office are aris
tocrats such as the Prince d'Arenberg
and the Marquis de Clermont-Tonnerre,
and millionaires like the Comte Greffulha
and M. Paul Lebaudy. They draw no
salary, but the state provides them with
a showy uniform, the buttons of which
are adorned with wolves' heads. The
distinction is keenly sought after, as the
"lieutenants de la louveterle" have shoot
ing rights in all the state domains and
thus enjoy some of the beet sport In
Tio Investment Advice.
PORTLAND, March 15. (To the Ed
itor ) Will you please state in The
Oregonlan what you think of Greenoe
Heights? Do you believe lota located
there are worth paying taxes on, and
ii - -.mniner through this
nas mo ti"" : - -
niaca ever been completed?
piace ' . ciiporipTnun
The Oregonlan will not give advice
-nnoernina- real estate Investments In