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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 14, 1908)
TIIE 3I0RXIXG OKEGOXIAN, MONDAY, DECE3IBER 14, 190S.
ntrd at Portland. Orejon. FoatoSlca a
ibaerlptioa Katra Invariably ' Airnac.
!It, Sunday IrxMuded. ona year.
rallv. hundar Included, at a monini.... -
' I'any. tiuntMy Included, tlirea ninntna. . --
Isaliy. tundav included, una m"Hin
liiy. without Sunday. ' '"J, --' i -s i quantities, but their advantages are, of
J.,!!,- Zl . course, less noticeable when we are
vekiy, ona year J obliged to maintain these prices with
Funday. n year - own money and find a market ex-
Pally. Sunday In.lud-d. ona year....
Sunday Included, ona month..
ii , - u.mt K,n1 rototrice money
order, exprera order or peraonal check on
your local bank. s:imn coin or currency
re at the a-nder'a rik. Give poatofllre aa
drea In full. Including- county and atate.
7 v . . u .. ... in in la oaaaa. 1 cent: 1Q
, i. -l rnti: So to 44 pair. 3 centi
; 4 to 6" rmeea. a centa Fortijn poalaga
; double ratea.
Faalrrn Bu.iue-a Office The 3. C. Keck
. a N'ew York, room" 4H-
Sv Tribune building. Chicago, rooma ilO-ili
rORTLAXI.. MONDAV, I)KC. 14.
FIT NAMES FOR GEOGRAPHY.
The Plan to save the Oregon map
' and unmeaning names
should be welcomed with g.neral op
: plause. The nomenclature of this
'state's geography is full of ugly
Bounds, worthless words and misplaced
; titles. In "Murderers Creek." "Squaw
Creek." "Malheur," "Horsefly Lake.'
" "Rakeoven." "Crooked River" and
; many others, the syllables are both
undlstinctive and uncouth..
To guide the selection of new names
in euphonious and signilicant chan
nels, a geographic board, composed of
Will G. Steel and George H. 1 limes, of
. Portland. Joseph Schaefer. of Eugene,
and J. B. Horner, of Corvallis. has
taken up the subject. This board can
render valuable service. If its func-
' tions could be extended to banishing
manv of the misfit names that already
mar Jhe map. they would be even
more valuable. Changing of geo
graphical names is always very diffi-
. cult, however, and that effort would
probably fail. Several years ago the
' honored name of Mclaughlin was be
stowed on Mount Pitt in . Southern
Oregon, and practically everybody ap-
proved. Hut such is the tenacity of
the old name that "Mount McLnugh-
lin" has made little progress.
With the growth of the country,
new names are needed constantly for
hitherto unmarked locations. Up, to
this time they have been selected by
chance or out of some trilling Incident.
Every county can bear witness to this
in many places. A glance at the map
brings up the following:
l 'amp Creek. Rattlesnake Creek,
Cottonwood Creek. Pine Creek, Hutte
Creek. Desolation Creek, Deep Creek,
; Hay Creek, Dry Creek. Rock Creek,
' Beaver Creek, Bear Creek, Wolf Creek.
Trail Creek. Pistol River, Crooked
. River. Lost River, North Fork, Mid
dle Fork, South Fork. Powder River,
Snake-River. Grizzly, Highland, Mun
taindaJe, C'rabtree, Fairview, Mist,
Fishhawk, Coyote, Muddy, Needy,
Fern. , Fossil. Sulphur Springs, Soda
Springs, Rock Point, Crooked Lake,
Sucker Lake. Goose Lake. Diamond
Peak. Bald Mountain.
None of these names is distinctively
characteristic of the place or object
to which it Is applied. Some of them
are reproduced several times through
out the state and many times in other
Mates. If the persons who applied
them had felt a desire for good
sound or 'good fit. they would
have chosen words of some permanent
meaning and character. Many In
dian sounds have been lost that would
have suited finely. -Others are still ex
tant that can be well used hereafter.
In Oregon history are numerous
characters whose names can be ap
plied In conspicuous places for new
counties and .wns and streets. Among
. them are: Jonathifh Carver, Ledyard,
Gray, Jason Lee. Spalding, McLough
- lin. Hunt, Wyeth, Kelley, Bryant,
i Drake. Abernethy. Whitaker. Whlt
; man, Blanchet, Floyd. Fremont, Meek,
' Villard, Kearney, Nesmith. Foreign
) tongues can be resorted to frequently.
The geographic board can supply a
', need In Oregon. Name-seekers should
' enlist its aid and profit by Its sugges
GOLD GOING ABROAD.
There was a decrease of 2,300,000
bushels in American wheat exports
last week' as compared with the pre
ceding week. During the same period
there was an increase of more than
6. 000.000 in the amount of gold
shipped to Europe. This is a condi
tion of trade which cannot long exist
without working serious injury to our
commercial and finanical interests. It
is, of course, natural that there should
come a falling off in wheat exports aa
the season progresses, but there is
nothing to indicate that the heavy de
crease in shipments last week was
caused by a shortage in supplies. It
was due instead to the fact that the
Chicago price of wheat was so far
above a parity with Liverpool and
London prices that it is no longer
profitable to ship American wheat
abroad. It is undoubtedly being held
in. this country in great quantities to
be delivered, when the emergency
comes, to the far-sighted gentlemen
who have forced prices far above the
figures warranted by the demand from
the consuming markets of the Old
A similar' cause," working from a
slightly different base, is- responsible
for heavy exports of gold last week.
Our import duty prevents the Euro
peans from shipping wheat to the
United States, where they could take
advantage of the fanciful figures to
which speculation has forced the cer
eal: but we levy no duty on stock
certificates, and the crafty Europeans
are taking advantage of the high
prices to which stocks have been
forced, and are unloading on this
country the remaining shares which
were not frightened out of their pos
session by the drastic anti-railroad
movement of a year ago. The gentle
men who have been so steadily and
consistently, "bulling" the New York
stock market are, of course, obliged
to support It, for a time at least, until
they can get in position to stand from
under. It is accordingly necessary for
them to take all of the stocks that the
thrifty foreigners are disposed to send
this way. It is also incumbent on them '
to pay for the stocks In good red gold,
until such time as the artificial wheat
prices in Chicago give way and admit
of a resumption of wheat exportB on a
Ecale commensurate with the stocks
supposed to remain on hand.
The necessity of sending gold in lieu
of wheat, or any other commodities
which we might have to offer, if the
Tirices are right, has resulted in wip
ing out nearly all of the surplus re
serves held by the New York clearing-house
banks, the statement for the
'"ak closing Saturday showing a sur-
plus reserve of but J16.S99.625, th
west figure reached since January 11
908. and nearly $50,000,000 less than
e high-water mark reached In June,
Despite this epidemic of speculation
Jn wheat and stocks, there does not
seem to be much of a hardening in
the money market, and rates for call
monev remain abnormally low. The
situation is somewhat puzzling, and
one which sagacious investors will ap
proach. with considerable caution
High-priced wheat and high-priced
stocks are fine things to have In large
clusively at home. Thua far the out
ward movement of gold has not
reached alarming proportions, but, un
less there Is a change In conditions
that caused it, we may yet have trou
hie from that source. There is no oc
casion for alarm, but there '.i occasion
A CIVIL SFKVH K INCVBl S.
Portland's charter committee has
adopted an employment system for
taxpayers to pay for which would
wreck any firm or corporation, jn a
legitimate business. This system en
grafts on the city's payroll Incompe
tent and lazy employes, who cannot be
lopped off as is done by an employer
In private business. It is called civil
The committee has practically ap
proved the plan of the present charter.
It has put up barriers against dismis
sal of Inefficient hands and continued
a method which had uselessly in
creased the number of stalls at the
public crib and added heavily to taxa
tion. The biggest public utility cor
poration in Portland could not last six
months under that system, and every
business house in town would go to the
wall under it; but taxpayers must
maintain it in the city government.
This civil service is at fault not so
much in its manner of testing and hir
ing men as In that of retaining them,
The old spoils system was an extreme
to which the city will not return. But
this civil service scheme is an extreme
in the opposite direction. There ought
to be a mean between the two ex
tremes. ItLA.MK FOR l'OOR DOCTORS.
Summed up, the contentions of Dr,
Joseph!, dean of the medical depart
ment of the University of Oregon, are
that his school has steadily raised its
graduation standards and will continue
to raise them; and that the graduates,
most of them, are successful practi
tioners. The opposing contentions of
Dr. A. C. Panton, member of the State
Board of Medical Examiners, are that
the local medical school is not ade
quately supplied with instructors and
clinical facilities to afford its students
the medical training that the needs of
the public and the honesty of the pro
fession and the State Board's standard
We take it that each disputant is
more or less correct in his assertions.
It will not be gainsaid that too many
doctors are practicing medicine, and a
considerable number of them would
better bo cutting cordwood or hoeing
cabbage. But that this lamentable
condition is due either to Dr. Josephi's
school or to Dr. Panton's Board of
Examiners, or that the board will suc
ceed in barring out fraud doctors, are
claims that can hardly be established.
Persons who hold degrees from the
best medical institutions of .Europe, or
of the United States, doubtless are
better fitted to serve the public than
those who hold diplomas only from
the local school that Is, If otherwise
possessing the same measure of Intel-"
llgence. It would be natural to ex
pect the graduates of the higher insti
tutions to go through a severe test of
the State Board with a higher average.
The local college can, however, give
its students -Instruction substantial
enough to put .the deserving ones
through the board's examinations.
But that this determines a physi
cian's merit as a practitioner can
hardly be believed; at best it only
weeds out the most unpromising can
didates. .The examinations of would
be lawyers do not bar out the men who
should not practice law, nor do the
examinations of dentists nor veterinar
ians nor plumbers accomplish this in
their respective professions. It is un
fortunate that this Is the fact and that
the people must grope along as well
as they can In picking out the worthy
lawyers, dentists and physicians. It
seems there must always be practition
ers lacking in honesty and in freedom
from vanity and from vain pretensions
as In skill. These will be with us al
ways, like the poor.
Although the local college cannot
compete with Johns Hopkins or the
University of Pennsylvania or Rush
Medical College, it can serve as a very
useful auxiliary. There are numerous
skillful physicians who have "finished"
at those institutions after studying in
Portland. The results have been sat
isfactory and the students have been
able to gain their medical, education at
much less cost. There are others who
have done just as well with their home
training as more pretentious rivals
have done with their imported vari
ety. If anybody indulges the notion
that an examination in .a medical col
lege or In a State Board test deter
mines a practitioner's fitness, he is mis
taken. The best colleges turn out
frauds and failures. So do the best
Therefore both Dr. Panton and Dr.
Josephl have asserted a measure of
truth. Both are raising the medical
standards in their respective spheres.
That is well. Neither, however, is
eliminating the 'doctors of vain show,
excessive vanity and quack pretense,
although both are doing what they can
in that direction. The long-suffering
public is happy to behold the compe
tition between the two in its behalf.
WHITE. PLAGUE AND RED MEN.
Three years ago, it will be remem
bered, the Commissioner of Indian Af
fairs, through the annual report issued
from his office, declared that the
number of aborigines had not been
perceptibly diminished after four cen
turies of white occupation of North
America; that the "passing of the
Indian," a favorite theme of writers
of the Cooper school ever since the
Revolution, is, and has all along been.
a myth. This statement naturally cre
ated great surprise, and though based
upon tabulated data on file in the of
fice of the Commissioner, many were
prone to doubt its truth.
Perhaps greater surprise was occa
sioned by the leading statement in this
year's report of Mr. Leupp; viz., that
tuberculosis is now rapidly decimating
the numbers of reservation Indians.
This- statement Is. however, received
without the shadow of a doubt. Civili
zation thus far has proved, not a friend
but a foe, against which Indians are
less able to contend than they were,
with their bows and arrows, against
the powder and bullets of the whites
In the days of Miles Standish.
The Indians !n the first place are
prone to huddle together in filth.
Cleanliness has no more attractions
for them than It has for the keepers of
an uninspected dairy. Where for
merly they lived and slept out of
doors and followed the chase, they
now huddle together, eschew physi
cal exercise in Industrial occupations,
into which the. Government has vainly
striven to induct them, and "die off'
as the result of disease contracted
through pent-up air ttnd slothful
Cognizant of these facts, the anti
tuberculosis crusaders have invaded
the Indian country with the cry.
"back to nature," as their slogan
Through their efforts, "bird-cage
schoolhouses," as they are known in
the South, are being -introduced, to
give the Indian pupils an airing that
is impossible in their - unsanitary
homes. Regarding these school
houses Commissioner Leupp says:
"Our Indian children are particu
larly prone to pulmonary complaints.
Ever since we have begun clothing the
Indians and thereby making them
physically more tender, the lungs have
been the great seat of trouble; and
when one child has begun to show
pretty plain symptoms of tuberculosis,
it is not only cruelty to that child to
shut it up where if shall breathe the
inclosed atmosphere, but it is a men
ace to the other children with whom
it is brought thus into close and un
wholesome contact. It is too soon yet
to predict the success or failure of this
experiment, but the cost of giving it a
wire echoolhouse Is too Insignificant
for consideration in comparison with
the great gain to be achieved if it does
The Indian problem seems to be still
far from solution, if indeed it is not
becoming each year more complex. It
has to deal with a body of red men
on reservations (if the figures of the
Indian Bureau of a few years ago are
correct), the numerical strength of
which is little or no less than was that
of the bands that roamed .the forests
and plains of the continent when the
white man first lifted up his eyes and
beheld its shores. Vanquished by
force of arms; pushed on further and
further by the advance guards of civil
ization; restricted to reservations upon
a continent that he formerly roamed
at will, the North American Indian
has displayed virility unequaled in the
history of any conquered race of the
Old World, if after four centuries of
conflict he still maintains his numeri
Yet this virility, attacked from with
in, is likely to yield to the force of the
onset. TubercuIosisfltjds In the In
dian goSd ground for development.
and it rages with the fury of a pesti
lence and a fatality all its own among
those of his race.
PROSPERITY IX THE SEWS.
In building permits, real estate
transfers, bank clearings and all other
branches of business Portland contin
ues to break records. The work is ef
fected not without protest from that
gradually disappearing army of
knockers" who have never been able
to convince themselves that Portland
was not growing too fast. But there
is no secret about Portland's growth,
nor is there any mystery attached to
reasons responsible for that growth,
Portland is going ahead at a pace
never before equaled, because the trib
utary country is growing. The Sun
day Oregonian, on account of the de
mands of Its readers for a more elab
orate presentation of literary, social.
sporting and other news, does not
make a specialty of industrial topics.
However, Sunday's paper, like all the
others, contains dispatches received in
he regular order of news, and last
Sunday there was the usual number
which told of events having a direct
bearing not only on the city and im
mediate territory, from which the
news came, but also on Portland's
The news that Marshfield had last
year spent $70,000 on street improve
ments and that during the coming
year there would be expended $50,000
for paving, $45,000 for excavation
work and plank streets and $55,000
for sewers, reflects a degree of pros
perity at the Coos Bay metropolis that
cannot fail to be felt to a certain ex
tent in Portland, which enjoys most
pleasant business relations with
Marshfield. The building of a $50,000
scouring mill at Echo will give .em
ployment to a large number of peo
ple, and will increase the profits of the
woolgrowers; and, as Echo prospers by"
the new enterprise, Portland will share
in that prosperity. The increase in
the capitalization of the First National
Bank of Hood River to $100,000 is a
tribute to the growth of the premier
fruit city of the .tate; and the organi
zation of a new Irrigating company at
White Salmon for the purpose of add
ing another 2500 acres of that won
derful fruit land to the already large
orchard acreage all means that our
friends up the river are increasing
their business primarily for their own
profit, but Incidentally for the benefit
The Salem dispatch telling of the
addition of a number of new cars to
the electric lijie to Portland of course
means that the business between the
two cities is increasing so rapidly that
more facilities are imperatively need
ed. Costly new theaters are not built
in interior towns except in periods of
prosperity. For that reason the news
of the completion of a $25,000 theater
at Colfax and a $14,000 theater at
Kelso is pretty conclusive evidence
that the people In those thriving com
munities are enjoying a prosperity to
which they are entitled by their re
sources and their efforts in. develop
ing them. The news items mentioned,
all of which appeared in Sunday's Ore
gonian. are but average samples of
what may be found in the news col-
mns of practically every issue of The
Oregonian. While Portland announces
the construction of a ten-storv busi
es block, a paving contract for sev
eral miles of streets and -the invest
ment of millions in timber lands, an
nouncements of similar importance,
when the relative sizes of the cities is
considered, will be found in local.
ewspapers throughout the Pacific
Northwest. This city has certain ad
vantages of location that give it a pres
tige peculiarly its own, but this pres
tige is insufficient to bring with it
prosperity unless the entire tributary
territory is prospering in keeping with
that of Portland.
The Astoria Chamber of Commerce
is making another effort to have the
dredge Chinook placed In service on
the bar, and should have the assist
ance of every one interested in a good
channel to the sea. The exact results
that might be expected from the Jetty
have always been difficult to forecast.
The theory is good and the merits of
the plan have been demonstrated by
actual performances; but the swirling
currents that sweep out of the river
have not always taken exactly the
course that they were expected to fol
low when the jetty was under con
struction. With the dredge there is
no uncertainty. If the craft is put to
work digging on a certain course and
earning the sand to a point well be
yond the bar, there is no question
about good results being obtained. The
dredging plan has never had a fair
trial on the Columbia bar, but, so far
as it was followed, 'the results were
An Aberdeen dispatch says that Mr.
Harriman has temporarily abandoned
his efforts to get into Aberdeen, and
will endeavor to secure right of way
at more reasonable prices on the op
poslte side of the river. This, of
course, may be only a bluff on the part
of Mr. Harriman for the purpose of
securing his right of way at more ad
vantageous prices than now seem pos
sible. It may also be a bluff on the
part of the Aberdeen property-owners,
who, if they really believed they were
about to lose the railroad, would make
some very good concessions in order to
keep it on the Aberdeen side of the
river. It is an excellent plan first to
secure your railroad before you begin
"cinching" it. This applies not only
to Aberdeen, but to other localities in
the Pacific Northwest, where right of
way and other concessions are much
more plentiful and much less valuable
The Umatilla County plan of con
ducting a thirty-day war upon coyotes
during January is a good one. At that
time of the year farmers are not busy
and can spare the time to engage in
the hunt. If all understand that traps
are to be set and poison put out dur
ing that period, care can be taken to
keep dogs out of danger. If all farm
ers Join in the campaign against the
common enemy, the slaughter will be
great and the results will be benefi
cial in no small degree. It is doubt
ful whether the Legislature will again
enact a scalp bounty law; so if the
Eastern Oregon farmers want to be
protected against the varmints they
will be most certain of success if they
rely upon their own efforts.
The St. Helens quarrymen who have
been getting out Belgian blocks for
Portland streets are making a serious
protest against replacing their prod
uct with brick made near Seattle.
This is quite natural, but if any one Is
desirous of witnessing a vigorous pro
test in the real sense of the term, let
him frame up a little scheme by which
it may be proposed to pavo a Seattle
street with brick, stone or any other
commodity to be supplied from Port
land. The Seattle spirit has its limi
tations, and they are not half as elas
tic as those which encircle the Port
After Dr. Robertson was shot by a
hold-up man at Salem recently, the
officers, without any clew, ran down
and captured his assailant within two
hours. Last Thursday an ex-convict
prepared a quantity of nitro-glycerin
with which to blow up the Peniten
tiary and the officers caught him be
fore he had a chance to use the ex
plosive. While no one wishes Salem
trouble, it might be better for the
public peace, health and safety if bank
robbers would try their game up in
President Roosevelt's commission on
country life has not met a warm wel
come at the hands of the agricultural
press. An obvious source of complaint
seems to have been the class of testi
mony and suggestion, or. rather, the
men who offered it, although there
can be nothing to say on that score
the commission's Oregon hearing.
Perhaps the mistake of the visitors
was in not calling on the women folks
for their side.
Young Mr. Johnson, the dutiful son
who raced home to procure the re
volver with which his father commit
ted murder, knowing at the time the
purpose to which the weapon was to
be put, has been freed by the courts
and will receive no punishment for his
complicity in the murder. The ver
dict, so far as the younger of the pair
of murderers was concerned, was
probably a reward for filial obedience.
The American people will think no
less of Taft even if his course should
prove that the letters of his name sig
nify "Take advice from Teddy." There
are a number of other recently emi
nent men who would be in much bet
ter standing before the public if either
their names or their conduct indicated
disposition to follow so good a
The "near-beer" captured by officers
in Albany was apparently a little too
near. The owners are evidently in the
predicament of the small boy who
tried to see how near he could skate to
an lcehole without falling in. Tried
often enough, that sort of a trick is
sure to end in disaster.
Marriages among the "social ele
ment" in New York, Chicago, Pitts
burg and other large cities are on the
decline. Divorces may be expected to
decline in the same ratio, while there
will be no appreciable difference in the
After a bridge has been completed is
a good time to find fault with con
struction, but a poor time to criticise
the specifications. The specifications
should be made right before construc
The fear is expressed that the news
papers will try Finch and condemn
him without a hearing. There are a
dozen murderers in the County Jail
who ought to be tried by somebody.
John D. Rockefeller tipped a waiter
with a nickel, the other day. A man
with many less millions would fear to
offer less than a dime. John is rich,
which makes all the difference.
There are half a dozen or more
patriotic citizens who wish the legis
lative session were over, so that they
could arouse public interest in their
Editor Hofer's campaign expenses
for Salem Councilman aggregate a $.2
box of cigars. Now guess how many
cigars were In Hofer's box.
The members .of Congress have ap
parently forgotten all of the Presi
dent's message except one paragraph.
Wonder If the President is going to
tell something on Congress himself or
get Hearst to read a few letters?
Competition is bringing better rail
way service, whether it produces lower
rates or not
LIFE IX THE3 OREGON COUNTRY.,
This Editor Hu CT '; Cents.
Cathlamet (Wash.) Sun.
Paul Nicoud caught the first smelt
of the season at this point last Friday,
one-half dozen, but they are worth 75
cents per pound. One-half pound for
Skookum Walliliee, who has a good
ranch and apple orchard on the Big
Klickitat, was a Goldendale visitor this
week. Skookum is one of the few In
dians who like to work.
Go-aa-Yoii-PIenae Mail Route.
A semi-occasional mail route has
been given the people of Clarno pre
cinct in lieu of the tri-weekly service
they formerly enjoyed. Under the new
system whenever the Clarno Postmas
ter cancels enough stamps to justify
the expense he hunts up a man and
sends him to Antelope with the mai
It is estimated that a round trip will
be made by special carrier every three
months or so.
One more Kind of Color Line.
Pilot Rock Record.
According to a story from the Mc
Kay creek school district, parents have
permitted their children to absent
themselves because tne teacher allowed
a young man by the name of Charles
Buckner to accompany her to a neigh
bor's house. Mr. Buckner Is a quarter
breed and belongs to a well-known and
highly-respected family in this part of
the county. The Buckners are thrifty,
well-behaved and have the respect of
all who know them. The power of
prejudice is almost beyond human cal
culation"and happy are they who have
least of It.
No Chaike for Renuy In Portland r
A Medford lady who advertised for
a woman to do general housework re
ceived the following letter from Miss
Lamson, of Portland:
"Dear Madam: I have seen your ad
vertisement In this week's paper. I
want a place, to work in a small family
where there are no young men. I am
a good cook, and neat and handy and
pleasant to get along with, and am
only 23 years old, going on 24. Every
man thinks I am extra good lookin
and I have been bothered to death at
nearly every place I have worked by
the men running after me, and I want
to get a place away from a village,
where the men won't chase after me.
I worked for two ladies at Portland
and lost my job .because their bus
bands took me out driving nights. If
your husband is an old man, I can get
along with, you, and you will like me,
and would like to stay with you for
The Medford lady will not even give
Miss I.arason a trial. Her husband is
GUN-TOTERS SHOULD BE FIXKD
No Justification for Habitual Carrying
of Concealed Weapons.
The time will undoubtedly come when
it will be so unpopular and unlawful to
carry weapons that a man caught with a
Bun or an open knife in his pockeus will
be considered a criminal per se with the
goods on him. A man is more or lc:ss
coward who habitually carries a gun. Of
course there are occasions when it is gue
tillable, especially when a man is com
pelled to be out late at night.
A law should be framed restricting the
sale of firearms of all sorts, and requir
ing dealers to record all such sales. These
records should be placed In the hands of
the police for their inspection and care.
Men known to own guns should be kept
in view and questioned, and if found car.
rying them without permission, should
be arrested and fined.
The mere habitual carrying of a gim is
notice to all that the man Is heeled and
prepared for whatever trouble comes
along may be said to be irivitinir trouble.
In some places when men have differences
and it is known that one or the other
carries a gun, it is. considered Justifiable
if hoth take a gun and shoot on sight,
holding that the other fellow had a gun
and had threatened to do bodilv harm.
Cut it out
Future of the Trust.
Kansas City Journal.
Nothing was developed in the testi
mony of Mr. Rockefeller that was not
already known, beyond the mere me
chanical means by which the opera
tions or uie big corporation of which
he is the nominal head were carried
on. Mr. Rockefeller denied none of the
general indictments against him and
he left the impression that he was just
as good as the great mass of big busi
ness men of today. The history of the
Standard Oil Company has been written
and rewritten. Its operations have been
viewed from every conceivable angle,
and comment and criticism have filled
the pages of newspapers and magazines
for several years.
The most interesting development of
the examination of Mr. Rockefeller was
gaining the expression from him
that the trust movement in this country
had only Just begun, and that in the
future there will be a practical ex
tinction of individual competition. But
the oil magnate sees no calamity in
this-. On the other hand, he believes
that the trust will prove the solution
of most of bur industrial evils. He
says this will result without injury to
others and without special favors or
nduigences.. This is Mr. Rockefeller's
ast word to his critics, and it will be
pondered earnestly by millions ot
When Sheep Came to Oregon.
PORTLAND, Dec. 13. (To the Editor.)
In a dispatch from San Jose. Cal.. on
the second page of The Oregonian of yes-
terdav morning, in a notice of the death
I of "Daniel McLeod, a pioneer sheep-
raiser of the Pacific Coast," who died at
Santa Clara, Cal., on December 7, it is
stated that he brought the first sheep
across the plains to Oregon in 1S51. In
the interest of accuracy permit me to
say that this statement is incorrect, and
that the first flock of sheep brought
across the plains to Oregon was in 1S44,
by Joshua Shaw and his son, Alva C.
R. Shaw: the second flock by a man
named Fields in 1S47, driven by H.
Vaughan, and the third in ISIS, number
ing 300, by Joseph and Ahlo 9. Watt.
GEORGE H. HIME3.
Houndine Him to His Grave.
Walla Walla Union.
The Oregonian yesterday had a particu
larly striking cartoon representing a job
hunter standing at the sick-room door of
Governor-elect Cosgrove at Paso Robles.
The Job-hunter is made to say, "He's got
to see me if the country's to be saved."
It is indeed a disgraceful spectacle to
see place-hunters Journeying from Wash
ington to California in order to Inject
their craven images through the door of
a man sick unto death to worry and dis
tress not only the patient but his good
wifo. .' '
The people of the State of Washington
have been forced to witness this disgrace
ful presumption of a pack of hungry
coyote job-hunters until the whole Nation
has taken cognizance of the scene.
If Lord Roberts wants a helper,
son belongs to the union.
Peach Rarity In Bleak New England.
Peach trees are in bud at North Wll
CONVENTIONS IN SEATTLE.
Many Bodies Will Hold Seaaiona There
Following is a list of th conventions
to be held In Seattle next year, which
have already been procured-:
Alumni Association of the University
of Washington, June, 1909.
American Association of Park Super
intendents. Aucust 1-15, 1S0P
American Association of Title Men,
American Institute of Banking, Sum
American Institute of Electrical En
gineers (Seattle section), June, 1909.
Ancient Order of United Workmen,
grand lodge of Washington, July 21-23,
California Promotion Committee, June
Catholic Order of Foresters of State of
Washinston, June, 1909.
Christian Missionary Convention of
Western Washington, June, 1909.
Degree of Honor (Auxiliary to A. O.
V. W.), July 21-23, 1909.
Delta Sigma Delta, Summer, 1909.
Dramatic Older of Knights of Khoras
san, August, 1909.
Constitutional Convention of Washing
ton,. July 4, 1S09.
Epwurth Leaguo convention. National,
Fraternal Brotherhood, uniform rank,
July 22-24, 1909.
Grand Chapter Royal Arch Masons ot
Washington, June 33-24, 19u9.
Grand Commandry Knights Templar of
Washington. June 16, 1909.
Grand LmlRre Free and Accepted Ma
sons of Washington, June 15-17, 1909.
Idajio Slate Medical Association, Sum
mer. 1909. '
Independent Order of Buffaloes, Sum
Independent Order of Oddfellows, eov
erign grand lodge, National, Summer,
Knights of Pythias (crand lodga of
Washington), August, 1909.
National American Woman Suffrage
Association, Summer, 1909.
National Editorial Association, Sum
mer. 1909. ,
National Lumber Manufacturers' Asso
ciation, June. 1909.
North Pacific International Lawn Ten
nis Association, August, 1909.
Northwest. Music Teachers' Association,
Northwestern Branch J of American
Mining Congress, Summer, 1909.
Northwest- Electric Light and Power
Association, September 8, 1909.
Norwegian Saenfferfest, Summer. 1909.
Order of Eastern Star (grand chapter
of Washington), June 17, 1909.
Oregon State Medical Society, Summer,
Pacific Coast Advertising Men's Asso
ciation, June 15-17, 1909.
Pacific Coast Association of Fire Chiefs,
about October, 1909.
Pacific Coast Association . of Nursery
men. July 14, 1909.
raciiic Northwest Society of Engineers,
Fhotographers' Association of the Pa
cific Northwest (not decided).
Pioneer Association of the State of
Washington, June 8, 1909.
Seattle Hebrew Benevolent Association,
October 3, 1909.
Seattle "Volunteer Firemen's Associa
tion, June 6, 1909.
Swedish-Finnish Temperance Associa
tion of America, July, 1909.
United Commercial Travelers (juris
diction of Oregon, Washington and Brit
ish Columbia), June 11-12, 1909.
United Swedish Singers of the Pacific
Coast. July 25-31,
Washington Association for the Pre
vention and Relief of Tuberculosis (not
Washington Bankers' Association, June,
United Amateur Press Association, July,
Washington Children's Home- Society,
Washington Forestry Association, July,
Washington Society Sons of the Revo
lution, February 22, !!. . . .
Washington State Association of Post
masters (not decided).
Washington State Dental Society, June
or July, 1909.
Washington State Elks Reunion Asso
ciation, July, 1909.
Washington State Federation of Wo
men's Clubs (not decided).
Washington State Game and Fish Pro
tective Association, October 5, 1909.
Washington State Library Association
State Medical Association,
State Nurses' Association,
State Press Association,
July 25, 19H9.
Young Women s Christian Association,
A Sludy in Pumpkins.
New York Tribune.
'Yankees think they know all about
pumpkins because they Invented the-
pumpkin pie. but to see the real thing
as a commercial article you must come
to the Hoosier State," writes a commer
cial traveler from Indiana. He speak.'
of a packing concern in Indianapolis
where pumpkins are at present of great
importance. They are received in large
quantities there from all parts of the
state for shipment to the market and for
canning, and 40 carloads a day are not
an extraordinary quantity. You can't
quite realize what a carload of pump
kins is till you reduce it to pies, and onu
is struck with awe when informed that
40 carloads will make about 2.000,000,"
writes the drummer. "A carload, they
tell me, weighs about 25 tons. Of course,
that would be too much for one day's
baking, so the pumpkins are canned, and
each ton fills 650 cans, and three regula
tion-sized pies can be made out of tho
contents of one can. I saw a 40-car con
signment that had been dumped into the
packing concern's yard 2.000,000 Incipient
pies, as it were and when a man who
stood neck deep among the yellow giants
said. 'Quite some pumpkins," I echoed
'Quite some.' "
A $1000 .Return on 10 Cents.
Utica (N. Y.) Press.
John Roberts, of Watkins, Schuyler
County, a well driller, recently pur
chased of Angelo Dupree, a Junk dealer,
an old pump for 10 cents. It was appar
ently of no value, but he thought there
might be some parts that he could use
In ids business. When Mr. Roberts and
his assistant took the pump to one of
tho wells they were drilling and started
breaking it up, they were greatly sur
prised to see gold coins drop out of the
holes the' made. They at once finished
the job, and found $4000. nearly all in $20
gold pieces. To whom the pump be
longed at the time the money was hid
den or how Iouk it had been there is a
mystery. The latest date of one of the
coins is 1SS8. Mr. Roberts at once de
posited his find in bank. He is willing
to surrender the find to any one who can
prove ownership, but no claimant has
yet appeared. The Junk man will make
a memorandum to examine the inside of
every old pump before disposing of it
at any price.
Paris Women In Trousers.
"Trouser dresses" are among the
freak fashions reported from Paris, the
new style being also labeled "Andro
gyne." It Is like "a bicycle trouser
skirt under a tunic of lace or satin,"
says the Paris correspondent of the
"The trouser skirt was of pretty
bronze green color, the tunic of thick
guipure lace, reaching to the knees,
of similar bronze green hue. The up
per portion was of finely tucked net,
the sleeves of similar filmy material
lightly veiled with black tulle. A very
largc black plumed hat completed an
ensemble of wliiii every woman tried
bard to aret a sllmDse."
THE DAIRYMEN'S CONVENTION.
Review of the Late Important Sraalon
The annual session of the Stata Dairy
Association at Salem last Thursday and
Friday was apparently productive of
beneficial results In several respects,
though it will take time tn prove the
extent of the good that was dime. To
begin with, the dairymen themselves hav
been enlisted in the cumpaign for pure
milk, and, if the sentiment of the con
vention is fairly representative of dairy
men generally, inspectors of dairies will
have little trouble in the future. Certain
it is that the authorities charged with
the duty of enforcing the law will have
the support of the better class of milk
producers, and this will go far toward
making their work effective against thofe
dairymen who are wilfully careless. Tho
war is on against unsanitary conditions
in the daries throughout the state, and
it will be aided by such legislation as iln
leading spirits among the dairymen nia
The need for regulation of dairies !.i
felt most near the large cities, where ih-i
milk is brough-. to the consumer by thu
producer day by day; but there also ex
ists as great a need for regulation of tns
dairy in the farthermost corner of tho
state, where the cream is sent to a cream
ery, to be mde into butter. The resident
of the Cliy of Portland is no more, en
titled to clean feed than is the Inhabitant
Of tho smallest village. That the demand
for regulation Is urgent no one could
doubt after hearing or reading th sta:o
ments made by Mrs. S. A. Yoakum,
Dairy Inspector in Coos County, who ol 1
about separators standing in tho barns
where chickens roosUd upon tliem and
milk cans lying in the yard where pigs
used them as hiding-places. These, of
course, were rare and extremo cases, but
they illustrate a spirit of carelessness
which is frequently manifested in a leys
shocking though not much lefs serUvis
manner. Comparatively few dairymen
permit such conditions to exist; a very
large number fall to keep their cows
At first thought there seems to b foivo
to the argument that creamery men
should be held responsible If they sccept
cream that is not fit for use; but further
consideration will show that this will
not be a satisfactory solution of tho
problem of securing cleanliness. It ii
reasonable to expect that a dairyman
will reject cream that is plainly unfit
for use, and yet, liko many other reason
ablo expectations, this is not likely to be,
fulfilled. In the present state ot tho
dairy industry, when the product does
not meet the demand, tliere is such keen
competition among dairymen that, if ona
will not tako a farmer's cream, he can
sell it to another. As stated by one of
the speakers at the convention, if on
dairyman should begin rejecting ell the
unsatisfactory cream, he would soon have
to shut up his factory- Joint agreement
among crcamerymcn is' of course prac
ticable, but, as was also remarked,
whenever tho creamerymen get together
on an agreement as to the rejection of
cream, they will also get together fir
purposes which the dairymen will regrety
Free competition is necessary for the uc
cess of dairying. The dairymen them-
selves should enforce cleanliness and en-'
courage the creamerymen to stay as far
apart as possible in the buying coin
petition. The session of the Dairy Association
should prove of soma benefit in persuad
ing dairy farmers to raise more of their
heirer calves and not to sell their cows
to outside buyers. Every owner of dairy
cows should breed to a first-class side of
the dairy type. Then the heifer calves
would be worth raising, and none of
them should find their way to the meat
block. If that policy were pursued, tho
dairy herds in the- state would be in
creased very rapidly and the dairy prod
uct would grow In magnitude and value.
Undoubtedly, the feed problem has caused
many dairymen to sacrifice their heifer
calves. They find ttiat they have scarce
ly feed enough for their cows, and many
of them are compelled to buy feed. The.
calf problem therefore depends for its
solution upon the feed problem.
It is very probably true, as said by one
of the dairymen, that the day of cheap
mlllfeed in Western Oregon is past As
remarked by this paper a year or two
ago, the grain farms have been trans
formed into orchards and dairies and
hopyards, until the production of grain
Is not sufficient for local needs and Im
portation Is sometimes necessary. This
makes bran and shorts high. Trans
Pacific trade will tend to make feed
scarcer and more expensive. The dairy
man is therefore confronted with the ne
cessity of depending upon his own fields
for his feed supply. That ho can do this
is proven by the experience of many
dairymen who raise vetch hay, kale, corn
and tho various root crops necessary to
supply the cows with succulent food tho
year through. Dairying will replenish
the impoverished soil of the former grain
fields, so that the dairyman can soon pro
duce large crops of grain to supply his
needs in that respect. The first problem
for every dairyman, as well as every
farmer, is that of producing plenty of
feed, and when this has been done there
will be no need to slaughter heifer calves.
And yet it is hot to be assumed that
the killing of possible milk-producers is
always an evil. It is only for the heifer
calf that promises to make a good cow
that the plea is made. Undoubtedly then
are hundreds of cows on Oregon farms
that do not pay for their fed and care,
and never will, because they are not
dairy cows. Such animals cannot be sent
to the block too soon. A very large
number of them probably will be dis
posed of in that manner If the Dairy As
sociation snail make a success of Its
effort to fcrm cow-testing associations, by
means of which the actual milk-producing
value of -ows will be determined. Only
a small proportion of the dairymen real
ly know .-hicli of their cows are paying
and which are not. They have no accur
ate means of ascertaining this impor
tant fart. The members of the Asso
ciation took this matter up In earnest,
and, if they continue in their plans, every
farmer will have an opportunity to find
out which of his cows should be fattened
As a consequence of the recent session
of the Dairy Association several desir
able results should be attained: Tho
elimination of the unfit dairy row, the
saving of well-bred heifer calves, li. -production
of cheaper food for dairy
cows, the building up of dairy herds, the
cleaning of all Oregon dniri's.
Will Need Careful Editing.
Anything that Kaiser Wilhe.lm sayi
hereafter will be carefully scrutinized
by expert copyreaders before being put
Deserves First Mention.
When it comes to awards of the. Nobel
prize do not let the claim of John P.
aj? the friend of the brotherhood of
man H a.Itorether forsrotten.