Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
TIIE MORNING OKEGOMAy, WEDNESDAY. KOVK3IBEK 11, I9QS.
Entered at Portlnd, Orison. FoMoflle
ubeeriptlea Kale .laraxlably U AdrmrxMS
Tally, Sunday Included, one year. . .
Eal.y. Sunday Included, all month ?
Lally. Sunday Included, three month.. f
I'ally. Sunday Included, oue month.... "
lally, without Punday. one year -w
XaJly, without Sunday, ala montha. .... J
Pally, without Sunday, three montha.. -i-
Ijelly. without bunday. one month
Weekly, one year J-j
Bunday. one year J
Sunday and Weekly, one year Sao
rt!y. Sunday Included, on year a.00
Li:y. Sunday Included, on month
Hew ta Bemlt 6end potoic money
order, expreea order or personal ehck on
yeur local bank. Stamp, coin or currency
are at the Bender rlek- Give poetofflee aa
drea m ruli. Including county and mat.
rmtaxe Kate 10 to 14 pagea. 1 cent; 1
-if. . 2 rent: 30 to 44 cent.
46 to CO pace. 4 cent Foreign poiiat
Eartrra Baalnea OHt-Th B. C. Bck-
. . amnt,w V w Tork. room 49-
60 Trlbun bulldln-. Chlcaao. room S1U-&13
Tribune bulldinx. r
ruRTUVD. WEOJiEDAT. SOT. 11. W.
mi acts, ob six?
Admirable for Ingenuity, and at tha
same time for simplicity and effi
ciency, are the various steps by which
' we have arrived at "the will of the
people" of Oregon. If the "will" Is at
cross purposes with Itself so that a
state having but "a small population
gives 23.000 majority for Tart for
President, yet In the result Is
"pledged" to Chamberlain for Sena
tor why, then It shows how admir
able, and at the same time how In
genious and how efficient, this method
of arriving at the will of the people Is.
Oregon has thrown in the election
Just held about one-fifteenth part of
the vote of .New York about one vote
in fifteen. In Oregon Taft has 23.000
majoritv which is the same as If he
had 375.000 in New York. Now If
New York, with this vast majority for
Taft. should have to elect Murphy to
the Senate, by the overwhelming Re
publican majority of the Legislature,
we should have the same situation In
New York as In Oregon, and in Ore
gon as In New York.
It would be "the will of the people."
Tet there la an opinion that the will
of the people may be Juggled with,
just as figures may be Juggled with,
or the declarations of political plat
forms. In Oregon the first step was State
ment One. The second step was reg
istration of Democrats as Republic
ans. The third step was encourage
ment of Republicans to run for the
Legislature, on Statement One, prom
ising them the Democratic vote: and
encouragement of a Republican candl
date for the Senate to declare him
elf, upon . the promise of Demo
cratic support. The fourth step was
the primary election, wherein the
Democratic brethren, who had regis-
tered as Republicans for the purpose,
threw their votes In for Cake for the
nomination for Senator (Chamberlain
was not on the primary ticket at all)
and for Statement One Republican
candidates for the Legislature. The
fifth step was the election Itself, when
thousands of Democrats who had reg
istered as Republicans and had voted
for Cake In the primary, appeared as
partisans of Chamberlain: and, having
got the "pledge" from Republican
candidates for the Legislature yet
; having no candidates of their own
knowing they couldn't elect them
'. voted for Statement One Republicans,
and then triumphantly exclaimed,
"Now we've got you! Behold the will
of the people!" t
It Is a five-act drama. It suffices,
says Horace, that the drama be not
continued beyond the fifth act. Yet
the management of the theater has a
programme which Includes a sixth
act. It wants a Legislature, five
, sixths of whose members are Repub
licans, to elect Chamberlain In the
face of 23,000 plurality for Taft over
Bryan, In a vote of 100.000 between
. them. Thus we are to arrive at the
.' will of the people.
Political science, under democracy,
. has for its object the will of the peo
ple. Here you have It!
Success for It now will carry this
method triumphantly Into future elec
.' tlons. One party and then the other
' will use It. We can get Mr. Gearln
for Senator next time, or some other
' able Democrat, Just as well and as
smoothly as we get Mr. Chamberlain
now. The method for ascertaining
the will of the people and for. arriv
ing at It Is now established. There
has been a lot of folly heretofore In
experiments for ascertainment of the
will of the people. Oregon has solved
MR." HILL TOO PESSIMISTIC.
Mr. James J. Hill, always an inter
esting talker, and a remarkably well
informed man on most topics, not In
frequently overshoots the mark when
talking on large subjects and In gen
eralities. An incident of this nature
' was noticeable at Tacoma. Monday
night, when he made the somewhat
startling prediction that six years
would witness the end of wheat ex
portation from this country. Accord
ing to Mr. Hill, the consumption of
wheat in the I'nited States will In
crease so rapidly that, in the brief
period mentioned. It will have over
taken the production. The annual
production of wheat in this country
' for the past five years has averaged
very close to 700.000.000 bushels, the
crop of 1906 exceeding that figure by
85, 000. 000 bushels. Comparing the
ten years' average ending with 1908
with that ending in 1898. there Is a
material increase shown in the yield.
This Increase has been so noticeable
that, in spite of a rapidly growing pop
ulation, we have still been in a posi
tion to 'supply the rest of the world
with an exportable surplus of from
ISO. 000. 000 to 200.000.000 bushels, the
only exceptions being the two lean
years 1904 and 1905. when the exports
fell below 100.000.000 bushels. Based
on a per capita consumption of five
bushels, which Is a fraction higher
than the Government figures, there
would be about 450.000.000 bushels re
quired for food for our own people.
Another 75.000.000 bushels would be
required for seeding purposes, leaving
a surplus of about 175.000.000 bush
els, for export. In order to absorb all
of this surplus in six years, we would
have to consume approximately 30,
000.000 bushels per year more than
are now eaten by the American people.
This, at the usual per capita allow
ance, would require about 8.000.000
per year added to our population, a
growth which will hardly be reached.
Even were there no change In other
conditions bearing on the subject, it
will require more than twice twelve
years for the population to increase to
a point where all of the wheat would
be needed at home. But there Is an
other phase of the matter which Mr.
HVJ strangely overlooked in making
his prediction. The average yield of
wheat in the United States at the pres
ent time is less than fifteen bushels
per acre. In Great Britain it Is thirty
two bushels per acre. Long before
this country ceases to be an exporter
of wheat improved methods of soil
cultivation will materially Increase the
yield of the cereal.
If this improvement should reach
the degree of perfecton ; attained In
Great-Britain, instead of a yield of
700.000.000 bushels per annum, the
same acreage as Is now in crop here
would turn off nearly 1.500.000.000
bushels, an amount sufficient to feed a
population more than twice as great
as that which now dwells In the United
States. The day is coming when the
consumption of wheat will overtake
the production, but it will not be
within the next six years, nor within a
MORE or GOMPERS.
' Mr. Gompers continues to have a
great deal to say about the laws and
the court decisions on the subject of
injunctions: yefhe says little, because
he carefully avoids all precise state
ment of his own position and conten
tion. He launches into indignant
speech about alleged denial of free
dom of speech and freedom of -the
press, which he asserts are denied to
him and to his associates; but he stu
diously refrains from saying that what
he really wants Is unrestrained free
dom for the boycott, both by speech
and press, that he may Injure or de
stroy. If possible, any business that he
cannot bring to acceptance of his
terms. He wants besides no restric
tion upon "picketing," or upon intru
sion on the premises where a boycott
has been declared, and holds that the
right to do business in a particular
place or In any place is not a property
right, nor entitled to protection as
such. It is his action In accord with
these purposes that has brought him
Into conflict with the courts, upon
which he rails at great length because,
as he asserts, they have taken away
from himself and from those whom he
assumes to represent the rights of free
speech and free press and liberty of
personal and associated action.
It Is to be settled as a principle, we
believe, by the laws, and the courts.
If it Is not so settled already, that the
right to do business in peace, and
without molestation, is a law of the
land. Also that the right of free
speech and of free press cannot in
clude the right to employ them for
Injury or destruction of any lawful
business. But the Gompers claim goes
further. It not only contends for the
right of the direct boycott, but for
boycott of those who do not join in
the boycott. That Is, when any man
or establishment is boycotted, others
shall not deal with that man or es
tablishment upon pain of being boy
cotted themselves. So that the right
to speak and to print against a man
and his business, and the right to
surround the place with pickets and
take a course that will call a mob to
gether, perhaps will raise a disturb
ance, certainly will obstruct the man's
business and probably break It up
(for this is the Intent), together with
the right to call unfair and declare a
boycott on others who do not Join In
the primary boycott, are the rights for
whk-h Mr. Gompers contends, and for
deniaj of which by the laws end courts
of the land he denounces the laws
and courts and all who do not Join
him In denouncing them.
This Is kept up In full stream end
flow ever since the election, and the
telegraphic reports continue to be bur
dened with It; which Is the reason
why this further statement Is made
at the present time about a matter
that was thrashed over and over dur
ing a campaign of five months, but
Just now ended.
A NEW EDITOR.
The story that the Outlook has en
gaged Mr. Roosevelt for one of its edi
tors recalls the fable of the six robins
who Invited an eagle to join them in a
picnic. It was a lovely picnic for the
eagle. So far as acquaintance with
literature goes. Mr. Mabie, of the Out
look staff, knows incomparably more
than Mr. Roosevelt, and his writings
possess a limpid meekness which the
President cannot hope to compete
with. As for Dr. Lyman Abbott, his
somewhat accommodating religious
and political creeds seem to harmon
ize pretty well with the Rooseveltlan
doctrines, but then they would har
monize with anything. Dr. Abbott's
courage sometimes marches at even
pace with his Intellect, but not often.
Usually discretion keeps his leaping
thoughts strictly hoppled.
Of course Mr. Roosevelt will domi
nate the Outlook, as he would domi
nate any other periodical he was con
nected with. It will become more or
less completely a reflection of his opin
ions. How those opinions will stand
the test of repetition and restatement
month after month for. a series of
years it Is Interesting to Inquire. There
Is reason to believe that the policy of
the Outlook, as supported by Mr.
Roosevelt, will b to transform the
present wage system of Industry Into
what Dr. Abbott calls "Industrial de
mocracy." Under the new arrange
ment Industry would be conducted
perhaps by the suffrages of the work
ers. The Idea seems absurd, but no
more absurd, perhaps, than the Idea
of conducting government by popular
vote once did.
MR. CANNON IN ERROR.
Speaker Cannon Is reported to have
expressed strong opposition to the
Panama Canal. At a banquet given
by the Chicago Bankers' Club a few
days ago he is quoted as saying that
'this is not a time for the expendi
ture of a large sum of money for com
pletion of the Panama Canal." If Mr.
Cannon had made a close study of the
economic problems Involved in canal
construction, he would be forced to
admit that this was exactly the proper
time for the "expenditure of a large
sum of money" on that most impor
tant work. Laying aside all question
as to the prospect for Immediate re
munerative returns when the canal is
completed. It Is certainly most neces
sary that the enormous Investment al
ready made be not placed in Jeopardy
by cessation of work at this most crit
The Government has spent many
millions In preparatory work on the
canal. It has made of that fever
stricken, plague-haunted region a
healthy place where men can work as
well as In lands more distant from the
tropics. After making the place hab
itable and healthy, the Government
continued the good work by expend
ing many millions In preliminary sur
veys and excavations. Not only would
all of this work be' thrown away If
the work were to be halted, but the
millions spent In making sanitary Im
provements would all be wasted, for
in such a climate there would be a
rapid return to original conditions.
The climate Is such that deterioration
In the plant would make It practically
worthless If It were permitted to re
main Idle for even a few years.
Of less Importance, but hi degree
almost as unpopular. Is Mr. Cannon's
reported objection to reforestation. He
is said to question the right- of the
Nation to "exercise police power to
prevent the destruction of forests,"
and as with the Panama Canal, to de
sire that the work of repairing the loss
through vandalism be passed on to
posterity, although by so doing it Is
apparent to all that It will be a bald
and treeless country on which poster
ity will be obliged to begin opera
tions. Mr. Cannon's speech was made
before the Eankers' Club, which is
composed principally of millionaires.
The doctrine of permitting posterity to
work out all of these problems Is now
too narrow for the Amertcan people,
and It will be rejected.
To the observer of current affairs
the Democratic party presents a curi
ous phenomenon. It Is neither fish
nor flesh, neither radical nor reac
tionary. It contains a radical wing
which is ready to go far in the direc
tion of revolutionary reform; but with
it is a reactionary wing which dreads
reform, even the mildest, worse than
Mr. Cannon himself, if that Is possible.
Between these two wings reigns bitter
and apparently unappeasable hatred.
This Fall an outward reconciliation
was patched up between them, but it
was atrociously deceptive. The friends
of Judge Parker in the East must
have cast thousands of votes for Tart
Nobody would be surprised to learn
through Mr. Hearst, or some other
revelator of esoteric mysteries, that
Mr. Parker himself so far forgot party
allegiance as to vote for the hated
foe. Add to this state of facts the
undeniable truth that Tammany must
have betrayed Bryan outrageously,
and we have a picture of political dis
loyalty which seems to have become
chronic In the Democratic party. In
1904 the same tactics were played
against Judge Parker by the Western
Democrats. In two preceding elec
tions Bryan had suffered from them
In the East as he has again this Fall.
Can the discordant factions of the
Democratic party ever be united? If
they held any principles in common
there would be some hope that they
might, but It Is exceedingly question
able whether there is a single politi
cal doctrine which all the members of
the party believe In. The old dogma
of state rights which used to be their
common shibboleth, has come to mean
less than nothing. The great New
York organs of so-called "Democracy"
are found shrieking loudly for state
rights today, and more loudly against
them tomorrow. When the rate bill
was before Congress, the New York
Times was consumed with gnawing
apprehension lest the holy preroga
tives of the states might be Infringed
by it; but when a little later two or
three Inferior Federal Judges swept
away a whole body of state legislation
with a stroke of their Judicial pens,
no newspaper In the country looked
on with such placid contentment as
did the Times. The old slogan of
"state rights" has become nothing
more than a pawn In the great game
of corporation politics. When the
states attack the special privileges of
the corporations, then the reactionary
wing of the Democrats suddenly be
comes Imperialist. When the Federal
Government attempts to regulate the
freebooting monopolies, then these
mobile followers of Jefferson are
again transformed Into state rights
men. Their facility Is wonderful, even
If It is not admirable.
But the other wing of the Demo
crats Is consistently radical. It in
cludes the old-time Populists, with nu
merous new .converts to the doctrine
of government by the referendum,
strict regulation of the corporations,
popular election of Senators and Fed
eral Judges, and the like. It is the
fundamental doctrine of this wing
that all power should be directly exer
cised by the people. They put the
so-called rights of man far above the
rights of capital, and are ready at all
times to sacrifice the business Interests
of the country if thereby they believe
human welfare can be promoted.
What hope of genuine reconciliation
between two wings so utterly at odds
can be expected? If one Is satisfied,
the other Is necessarily offended. A
candidate who Inspires the reaction
aries with confidence excites the dis
trust of the radicals. It seems, there
fore, to follow that, as long as these
two antagonistic factions continue
both to call themselves Democrats,
the party Is doomed to Impotence. Its
only hope of future success lies in get
ting rid of one-or the other of its hos
There Is a natural law reigning in
the political world which In its own
good time settles difficulties of this na
ture. Men are attracted In spite ot
themselves to religious and political
parties which represent their real feel
ings and beliefs. The conservative
Democrats have vastly mor in com
mon with the Republicans than they
have with the Bryanltes. It is nat
ural to expect, then, that they will
gravitate toward the Republican party
before a great while, and merge with
it. The only obstacle of any import
ance to this union Is the tariff, and
that Is not very, serious one. The
reactionary Democrats and the stand
pat Republicans agree pretty well
about protection. Their economic In
terest la the matter being the same,
their opinions are the. same. - The
barrier between them Is therefore
largely Imaginary, merely a thing of
names and empty formulas, and we
may expect to see it swept away be
fore many years. This will leave the
radical wing too small ever to hope for
power unless It finds allies. Where
will It look for them? Naturally
among the minor parties,' and It will
coalesce with that one which holds
essentially the same principles as its
own. This Is the party of the Social
ists. They believe all that the radical
Democrats believe, and a great deal
more of the same kind. But excess
of faith Is no bar to harmony. The
Important fact Is that such principles
as the radical Democrats possess are
all held by the Socialists: and such
new ones as they are likely to acquire
will probably come from the Social
ists. Hence It Is between these polit
ical elements that the union is apt to
occur which will provide a worthy nu
merical antagonist for the Republic
ans. Very likely this new party will
keep the name "Democratic." The
hand will be Esau's, but the voice will
be Jacob's It will be called the party
of JefTerson, but It will be In reality
the party of Socialism.
The New York Evening Post says
that "Mr. Bryan has played an Im
portant part in the effort to separate
business from politics." This state
ment Is one of those generalizations
with which political discussions al
ways abound, and which often mis
lead. Politics and business touch each
other at all points and cannot be sep
arated; yet politics never should ba
made an instrument for schemes of
private gain. This much Is agreed.
But the notion that politics oan be
separated from business Is as unten
able as the' notion that government
should be separated from property,
or have no care for property. Politics
must be concerned with business, and
business must take an Interest In pol
itics. Their separation Is Impossible.
Burke said that the idea- of govern
ment divorced from the duty of con
servation of property was a monstrous
Norwegian Consul Cederbergh, who
is aiding in establishment of op
position to the sailor boarding-house
keepers, is quoted as saying that "the
good citizens of Portland ought to
take hold of this matter at once. If
the commercial bodies and exporters
i of the city will not the churches ought
to do so." The "commercial bodies
and exporters" of Portland have wres
tled long and often with the
sailor problem. and under the
present system of a state license
and a good commission to en
force Its provisions, there have been
less trouble and less expense to the
ships than ever before. That Is un
doubtedly the reason why the men
most familiar with the business are
not encouraging any opposition which
In the end might disturb the present
very satisfactory conditions.
"Beaten to a frazzle," used by Pres
ident Roosevelt, Is no hard term, to
understand. Yet perhaps It has not
been used hitherto by any author
great enough to give it authority. But
It has been used a long time. At
Appomattox General Gordon, one of
Lee's corps commanders, said, "I have
fought my corps to a frazzle. I can
do no more." A flag In the wind is
often whipped to a frazzle. By Pres
ident Roosevelt the word now prob
ably will be given a vogue. Who
started it evidently from the word
"fray" or "frayed," to ravel out or
wear out or whip Into strings may
never be known.
The Chicago wheat market was
booming yesterday, the May option
scoring an advance of more than 2
cents per bushel. This advance was
made In the face of an Increase of
nearly 2,000,000 bushels in the Amer
ican visible. The season is now drift
ing around so close to the turn of the
year that 1f there were any Inherent
weakness in the situation It - should
show signs of developing. The Argen
tine crop is almost upon us, and If It
were excessively large, its effect would
soon be felt. Cheap wheat now seems
farther in the future than ever before.
The battleship North Dakota, first
of the American Dreadnaughts, was
launched at Qulncy, Mass., yesterday,
and the United States Government is,
or is about to be, In possession of a
battleship that Is the equal of any
afloat. The North Dakota has a dis
placement of 20,000 tons and will
cost about $7,000,000. If she keeps
out of the way of the cheap torpedo
boats which are so numerous In war
times, the new fighting machine may
be of great value to our Government.
Some men make even a Jest and
farce of their use of the election fran
chise. In the Second ward of Cor-
vallis one man voted. for two Repub
lican electors, one Democrat and one
Socialist. . Another voted for the four
Democratic electors, then crossed the
names out and wrote "Bryan and
Kern" at the bottom of the ticket.
The English demand for hops Is
raising the- price of that commodity,
and there Is consequent great rejoic
ing In our prohibition counties, which
hope the English won't drink them
selves to death; but. If they do, hope
also they will not overlook the ex
cellent qualities of our hops for beer-
It appears that this time Bryan has
run behind his vote of 1896. Free
coinage of silver was the most attract
ive fallacy ever presented to the
American people, and the most diffi
cult to beat. Even yet great multi
tudes can't see through the fallacy,
and want It for "an Issue" again.
The public has a mild Interest now
In learning whether Mr. Hearst has
any more letters to give out for pub
lication by his esteemed contempora
ries; or, being now Indifferent as to
whether they are read or not. will he
save them for his own papers?
Mr. Gompers tells them at Denver
that he speaks for unorganized as well
organized labor. That's very
kind. But somehow unorganized
labor prefers to speak for Itself. See
Yes, It's the same Gompers down at
Denver trying to persuade the Ameri
can Federation of Labor that It wasn't
a real cyclone, only a temporary
zephyr, that struck him.
Will the members from Oregon vote
for 'Cannon for Speaker? You may
depend they will if for no other rea
son but to "show" their political op
ponents in Oregon.
In view of Chairman Thomas' de
nunciation of non-partisans, as being
a scabby breed of alleged J5emocrats,
we rise to askthe old question: What
Is a Democrat?
The persons who later will complain
of wet weather are th fellows who
just now are not making busy use of
the weather they've got.
We suppose that "straight" Demo
crats hereafter will refrain from nam
ing their progeny In honor of our non
Some Democrats claim victory in
Oregon after all Bryan failed to
carry the state, not by 25,000, but by
Leap year or no leap year, the
Elklns flrl ought to take a hint and
stay away , from where, she Is not
The unsuccessful fight on Cannon
has made him worse than ever. His
enemies should have let well enough
That "slump after election" and that
"slump after the fair" will go thun
dering down the ages together.
It Is easy for bank wreckers In Ore
gon to stay out of Jail, since there is
no guarantee of law enforcement.
All perfcet ladles are very much
concerned by the liquor fight In their
behalf in the City Council.
Bryan and Sir Thomas Llpton
should get together and form a. Try
NINE QUERIES FOR SOLID NINE
Dr. Foulkes Wants to Kiew Some
Things From Conacllmen.
PORTLAND, Nov. 10. (To the Ed
itor.) May I be permitted space In The
Oregonian to address an open letter
containing nine questions to the nine
members of our City Council who sup
ported the Rushlight ordinance? Of
these nine gentlemen may I have the
privilege of Inquiring:
1. If you can see no difference be
tween a "restaurant." as legally defined
in the statutes of the City of Portland,
and an "eating-house." subject to every
possible legal definition, do you Imag
ine that the general public Is equally
2. If you are so strenuously opposed
to "class legislation." why did you not
try to repeal the Cellars ordinance out
right. Instead of beating about the
bush with this eatlng-nouse ordinance?
3. Is it not true that while you are
anxious to see that the "little fellows"
are not discriminated against, you are
really (perhaps all unconsciously on
your part) serving one of the biggest
and most selfish fellows of all the
4. How can people understand your
purposes when you say "We are deadly
opposed to women In ail saloons, ana
than support an ordinance making It
legally possible for her to De present
In practically every saloon In the city?
6. Do you Imagine that the real
Issue can be clouded by the misquoting
and maligning of those who openly op
pose you, and thus public sentiment
be turned off your trail, after somebody
. In your earnest desire that no
branch of the liquor traffic should sur
fer, have you given sufficient or even
equal thought to the welfare of the
women of this city, which welfare, in
the words of the Mayor, vetoing
your ordinance, "outweighs any and all
distinctions and fine discriminations be
tween the rights of those engaged in
making profit from the sale of such
7. Is your lachrymose concern for
the farmer who comes to town with his
wife and only two bits in his pocket,
and who, therefore, cannot afford to
eat a full meal with his beer, true
either to fact or common sense? How
many farmers of the splendid German
race you have named as your stock
illustration have you complimented by
your poverty argument? Furthermore,
If all your contentions on this point
De true. Is it not "class legislation" of
the clearest sort to put the appetite
and custom of one class against the
welfare of the whole?
8. In your conviction that ministers
and churches ought not to mix In poll
tics, how much of your concern comes
because you believe in the church, and
how much because you do not believe
9. If you succeed In passing your
ordinance over the Mayor's veto, do
you think you will have settled this
WILLIAM HIRAM FOULKES.
LONG ON AUTOS SHORT OX BOOKS
Intellectual Destitution of the So
Called "Smart Set" In America.
New York Evening Post.
That books are commonly regarded
as luxuries rather than necessities is
indisputable; and publishers and book
sellers assure us that In a pinch of
hard times books are one of the first
luxuries that even wealthy people
forego. The matter was touched on at
the recent dinner in London of the
Publishers' Circle Book Trade. Sir
George Trevelyan. who responded to
the toast, "Literature," regretted the
halcyon days in the third quarter of
the eighteenth century, when peers
and landowners kept their libraries as
well supplied as their cellars. Were Bir
George accused of being a praiser of
the past, he would probably be unable
to find exact statistics to support his
thesis; but any one who has seen in
the London bookshops the astonishing
number of well-printed and handsomely-bound
books, often with book-plates,
dating from the last half of the
eighteenth century, will agree that In
that happy age many gentlemen made
It a point of 'honor to maintain fins
libraries. This, It must be remembered,
was a generation later than Squire
Western. But Sir George Trevelyan
was certainly speaking well within the
facts when he added: "In our time
smart people and people who want to
be thought smart buy not books, but
motors." Yet on this topic also we
should like to see some definite fig
ures to sustain our general impression.
Were our gentlemen who drive about
in motor cars to make a clean breast
of It, we should probably find that
most of those people who are willing
to pay from (2000 to $7000 for a car
and from $500 to $2000-a year for
maintenance and running expenses
would regard the expenditure of such a
sum for books as a reckless extrava
gance. And yet we are surprised at
the Intellectual destitution of the so
called "smart set"!
Why Rockefeller Did It.
James P. Hornaday, In Indianapolis
Very careful investigations reveal
that Rockefeller acted on his own In
itiative. A leading New York banker,
whose relations with the Standard Oil
group of financiers are Intimate, says:
"I have taken some pains to get at
the facts surrounding the statement
Mr. Rockefeller gave out, and I am
confident that just one thing led the
oil king to give the country the state
menthis vanity. He read In the news
papers the day before the Carnegie
statement favoring the election of Mr.
Taft, and he told some of his associates
in the office at. 26 Broadway that he
felt it his duty to let his friends
throughout the country know where he
"An effort was made to dissuade him
from Issuing the statement, but he said
he owed It to bis friends, and he gave
It out, not realising what an uproar he
would create. His best friends tell me
there is no other explanation of how
the statement came to be issued sim
ply an old man's vanity.
Raising Goats for Cougar.
Cottage Grove Western Oregon.
H. S. Webber, who has a place on
Cedar Creek, tells us that last week a big
cougar killed a large wether, which was
too large for It to carry away, so leaving
Its victim, the cougar killed another and
bore It away. This was within 30 yards
of his barn, and they are becoming more
and more audacious. Something of an
idea of their danger can be obtained when
the cougar, which killed the wether,
broke its shoulder and broke its neck.
They are liable to attack a child at any
time, and the bounty for them should be
made high enough to make It an object
to exterminate them.
Jack Powell has six varmint dogs with
which he has killed five cougars since
last March. The animals seem to be
coming closer to civilization, down from
the mountains. Out of a bunch of 150
goats. Mr. Webber has less than 50 left.
Raising goats for the varmints is poor
business, and be is going to quit trying
to raise them.
Bob Teague shot the largest bear of
this season yesterday morning, near the
Dimmlck sawmill, two miles north of
town. His dogs treed Mr. Bruin Wed
nesday . night, and they, together with
several bonfires, encouraged the big brute
to stay In the tree until Bob went home
and got his rifle. As soon as daylight
came he sent the big fellow to bear
heaven by means of five or six Win
chester bullets. It measured eight feet
from tip to tip and weighed 500 pounds.
NEIGHBORHOOD ELECTION COM
MENT. Pertinent Remarks oa the Result by
Oregon, Washington. Idaho Papers.
It Is our prediction that Mr. Taft
will be one of the greatest Presidents
this country has ever had.
To the Wrong Address.
Hello, Sammy Gompers! Did you
not make a mistake and "deliver" that
labor, vote at the wrong address?
Consider "George Now.
Pilot Rock News.
Poor, dear, neglected, nonpartisan
George of Statement Number One
fame, will now be given due consider
ation. How Long?
Grants Pass Pacific Outlook.
Query: If It took Bryan 12 years to
win over his own precinct, county and
state, how long will it take to win
over the entire country?
Oregon 25,000 for Taft! And yet the
Democratic state committee had the
effrontery to claim the state for Bryan
the day before the election.
Follow Taft'a Record,
Follow his record as Judge. Secre
tary of War and statesman, and then
tell us whether or not Taft Is the
right man In the right place.
Bryan Caught Under the Slide.
It was a landslide, all right, as pre
dicted by the Democratic chairman,
with the trifling difference that Bryan
Instead of Taft was under the slide.
Decided by the Farmers' Vote.
Oregon City Enterprise.
The farming vote did the business.
There has never been a time in the
history of this Republic when the
farmer has been in' such a prosperous
condition as now.
Pilot Rock Record.
Well, those who do not like the way
Oregon voted will find consolation in
the fact that there is still room for a
few more in Alberta.
PnnfM.jii'n la iantotoH Tannines
resumes its natural tenor and will ba
continued under the same prosperity
that has been enjoyed during the past
ten years or more.
Business Activity Win Be Stimulated.
It is apparent that business aotlvlty
will be greatly stimulated by pros
pective conditions. Already thou
sands of people are assured of im
proved labor conditions.
Didn't Run Little Bit.
That a large majority of the people
of the United States are in favor of
Republican rule was emphatically dem
onstrated Tuesday. Bryan didn't run a
- -A Republican Landslide.
A great deal of credit is due The
Oregonian and the country Republican
press for the big Republican vote in
Oregon on Tuesday. It was a Repub
Three Gratifying; Results.
. Pendleton Tribune.
Three things happened as a result of
the election Tuesday which are espe
cially gratifying to the people of the
country at large the success of Taft,
Hughes and Cannon.
Time to Repair Guessalna Apparatus.
Walla Walla Union.
The depositors who have been talk
ing and furnishing us with analogies
which were certain to carry Bryan to
the White House, have four years in
which to get their guessing apparatus
in working order again.
Employment for Honest Work.
Baker City Herald.
Taft's election does not mean that
the laggard and loafer shall have an
easy time. That is a mistake. It
means that the man who is willing to
give honest work for honest money
will have no trouble in getting em.
Capital Will Now Take Hold.
Now that matters have been settled
for the next four years,-and all uncer
tainty as to the policy of the adminis
tration, capital will now take hold
and in a few months all the great In
dustries of the country that have been
running shorthanded will be working
a full force.
President of the Whole People.
Hillsboro ' Argus.
It is hoped that Taft will be the
President of the whole people, stand
ing for the right, and against the per
nieidus doctrine of special privileges
to the few, who are represented by the
Brran Ran Twice Too Often.
Fear, Republican organization
through patronage, Hearst and Tam
many were the great forces that de
feated Bryan. It was not that the
public really wanted Mr. Taft, but
that great forces were arrayed against
Mr. Bryan, a candidate at least twice
Can Be Depended On to Do the Right
The American people can always be
depended upon to do the right tiling,
in the right place, at and exactly the
right time. This spirit has been mani
fest in all the marked events of the
Nation's history, and at no time has It
been more evident than in the election
Oregon's Acting Republican Chairman.
"Pat" McArthur, graduate of the
State University, and legislator from
Multnomah County, was appointed sec
retary and practically the entire re
sponsibility for conduct of the state
campaign fell upon his shoulders, but
he proved equal to the emergency, the
accuracy with which he framed up the
result In the state tabulation by coun
ties showing that he was master of the
Fine Obituary Notice.
Again the mind turns to that lonely
figure, whose hopes have been pitched
so high and brought so low. With the
setting of his son his name goes to
Join those of Calhoun. Clay, Webster,
Blaine, Tilden and Thurman, to whom
It was given that they should serve
their country and their day well, and
make deep imprints in the dust of
time, vet should be fated for supreme
and irrevocable ' disappointment and
failure of their burn and laudable aspirations.
BY XRTHl'R A. GREENE.
Duty is the only magistrate whose
decrees are never reversed. They may
be delayed in execution, but soon or
late Bailiff Retribution appears to ex
act the penalty.
The school of experience never holds
Men declare their love many times,
women confess their's but once.
The XIV of St. John:
Lot not your heart be troubled: y ba
llevs In God. believe also In me.
Therefore, because thou dost believe
free thy fond heart from trouble.
In the Father's house are mansions
To give thee refuge 'gainst the days
When grief and woe beset thy ways;
When cares that mock and sore assail
Thy soul, which wavers 'tween the vale.
Shall over doubts and fears prevail
To speed thy winged spirit's sail
Toward that far bourne whence none
No questioning shall then deny
The boon thy strivings are to earn
Safe progress from the hence to thence;
For In the eid thy faith in him
Shall find a worthy recompense.
Tha Habltback letters.
(No. l.of the Series.)
Written by a elf-utainlng young man
to hi iter. Flossla Habitback. a product
of the flnUhlng chool. With apologia to
all who hav aver written letter.
Hot Springs. Sunday, the 8th. Dear
Floss: You speak of having dated
yourself to come across on the "Yes"
or "No" proposition with a young slob
who wears a colored hatband. This is
very fine for an ingenue of 29 who
has been sitting on the substitutes'
bench for ten seasons. It proves that
there is a chance in our own. our na
tive land, for a girl of abstemlnous
habits and industry, even though she
does occasionally lead from a sneak;
but don't let this offer of a future
chance at the alimony window go to
your head. A girl of your experience
should be sufficiently wised up not to
believe the prospectus the average custom-made
young man hands out. It Is
part of his game to boost and then hs
may be a broker of suburban real es
tate. You never can tell, as Barney
Shaw says. In these days of free
schools and open-work newspapers the
advantages of an "education are at the
disposal of every youth, and most of
our young men are. well braced for
the love-making aria- from watching
Henry Miller and Jimmy Hackett You
lay yourself liable to an awful bump
by acting, hastily in a matter like this,
for you might find after the paid an
nouncement and your graduating pic
ture had appeared on the society page
that Four-flush Claude smokes Pitts
burg cheroots and picks his teeth on
the street. In that event It would
clearly be up to you to go Into rose
pink hysterics, make the eau de co
logne sign and recall the souvenir
postal cards. I hate to say it because
the Ladles' Home Jollier doesn't ap
prove, but I must advise you. Chickens,
that under these circumstances there
Is' always the devil to pay and no
coal-tar thawed out.
Now, little tyke, take the advice of
a tolerable fat parlor entertainer who
has gavotted up and down the claret-cup-and-cellulold-favor
many years, don't get your signals
mixed. Don't buy any almost-clolssno.
Engagements are like Invitations to
drink. If you don't drink you may
always take seltzer, but it requires
moral courage to do it, and you're no
female Hughes. Matrimony Is even
harder. It Is a sort of personally eon
ducted excursion, where the best you
get Is an upper berth, a trading
stamp cuisine and a "seeing things"
trip on the yap-carrlages. At that you
ran'i verv well back out because the
faithful pathfinder has your baggage
checks and transportation.
Don't be in a hurry about this, and
before- the kickoff I'd advise you to
call up some good guy and get a line
on his dope. Most any experienced
hand-holder will do, and they're al
ways glad and willing to tout a de
serving girl right In matters of this
kind, provided "Central" doesn't shut
vim e hfnrA hit finishes. Don't be
afraid of getting a bum steer. He'll
give a complete record or an tne as
nipnr vminsTRt era' nast oerf oroiances.
Including draws and welched matches.
As I say, any strong and healthy Patsy
Bolivar will do that mucn tor you.
tciw takA mv advice. Lovelocks, and
do a little Bradstreetlng before you
let this neverwuzzer put his bet down
on vnur number. Don't feel - badly
about cancelling his option, either, for
there are Keeley Institutes in almost
every large town. t
So no more at present.
The onlr secret it is safe to tell a
woman Is a new complexion recipe.
Marriage is frequently only a gen
teel name for a long domestio scrap.
At 21 we are all patriots.
Most of us fear to compromise a good
reputation more from vanity than fidel
ity to virtue.
Solitude Is the best cloister for a
Revolution Is the leaven in the loaf
of organized society.
Our old friend Coal Famine Is loom
ing up on the horizon, hand in hand
with his side partner. Car Shortage.
The Boys and Girls Have It Blast.
O. A. C. Barometer.
Whatever your position In life or
whatever your calling, your personality
and your personal appearance have a
great deal to do with your success or
failure. It is useless to mention here
the number of repulsive men and wom
en, with unclean bodies, unkempt
clothes and unkept hair, who have
achieved fame, glory and greatness In
the circumstances of this world. These,
however, -are only cases of transcen
dental geniuses and people possessed of
great hypnotic power. Very plain,
often ugly people, may posses an at
tractive personality. But they aro
well-dressed. It Is not physical beauty
of a classical type that is a necessary
factor to success. It is a well-kept
body, attired in decent clothes, tact
Sneering at the Truth.
The railroads will now be swamped
carrying goods to be delivered when Taft