Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 09, 1908, Page 8, Image 8

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Entered at Portland. Oregon. Postortce as
Second-Class slatler.
Subscription Kates Invariably la Advance.
(Br Mall)
Dally. Sunday Included, one year 5'S
iJallr. Sunday Included, six montha. ... 4 -o
Dally. Sunday Included, three months. X.J
Lai.y. Sunday included, ona month...
iJally without Sunday, ona year Buu
Dally, without Sunday, six montha tr
T'ally. without Sunday, ona month
Weekly, ona year ...
Sunday, ona year
Sunday and Weekly, ona year...
1 50
2 50
a so
(By Carrier.!
Dairy. Sunday Included, oe year t.00
Dally. Sunday Included, ona month '
How la Remit Send postofflc money
order, ezpreas order or personal check on
ycur local bank. Stamps, coin or currency
are at the sender's risk. Give poatofnee ad
dress In full. Including- county and slate.
Poataca Rates 10 to 24 page.. 1 cent; 14
to 23 paces. 2 centa: 30 to 44 pa fee. 1
centa: 40 to 00 pagea. 4 centa. Foreign post
ace double ratea
Eastern Itu.lnrM Office The S. C. Peck
wttii Special Agency New York, rooms 48
tO Tribune building. Chicago, rooma 510-512
Tribune building
The effort to "capture the labor vote
of the country," put forth by various,
divers and sundry politicians, is
scarcely less than an insult to the elec
tors included In the designation the
labor vote. They who have knowl
edge, by contact, association and ex
perience, with the working people of
the country know that we have no
more Independent body of citizens. No
other body of citizens votes more
surely on Independent Judgment.
Under our system, balanced as It is
by and through the experience of time.
neither one side nor the other. In thei
conflict of Interest between employers
and employed between wage-workers
and wage-payers can have Its own
way wholly, or go very far In that di
rection. Justice lies always in the
balance of interests and craims of each
and of both. None know it better
than the wage-workers of the country.
Therefore all their ' instructions tell
them to keep clear of party politics.
In their advocacy of the interests of
labor. Every man, therefore, votes on
his own Judgment. Therefore It is
that the special appeals of Mr. Bryan
or of Mr. Taft, or for Jlr. Bryan or
Mr. Taft as a special "friend of labor,"
will be estimated at their value.
Greater part of the work of this
kind Is done by Mr. Bryan, or for him.
There are large bodies of workingmen
whom It does not please. Among
them Is the general brotherhood of
railroad workers, employed In opera
tion of the railroads of the country:
and here Is the official organ of the
brotherhood of painters, decorators
and paper-hangers of America, in an
editorial article written presumably
by its editor, J. C. Skemp, saying:
Moat of n differ with Mr. Bryan In many
things, consider him as .unsound as he la un
certain, but ueually credit him with being
eincere In previous campaigns he clung to
theories which killed hta chancre for auc apparently preferring to be right than
President. This time he has fallen short of
what his beet friends and greatest admirers
expected. Mr. Bryan haa done brave thlnga
for principle, done them regardleaa of con
sequences. It la disappointing to aee him
asaoclste with professional politicians of
shadr reputations and worse records. It
makes one fear that a desire to win has
overcome the conscientious scrupulousness
which hitherto dtetlngulshed him from
many men In public life.
This Idea Is illustrated further by
the remark that a. man is known by
the company he keeps, and "the only
excuse that the all-powerful Mr.
Bryan can offer for permitting Mur
phy, Mack. Connors, Sullivan. Stone.
Francis and Taggart to remain In con
trol of the Democratic machine In
their respective states is a fear to
arouse their enmity and a desire to
profit by the influence which they are
supposed to possess." Read further:
The Republl. ans win have a -majority In
the Senate and be In a position to kill any
measure of advantage to the common peo
ple which a remocratlc House might enact.
But there la little probability of their being
called upon to kill radical legislation. The
Democratic leadera In the North will aee to
it that "safe" men are nominated, a few
radicals may creep In, but the majority will
be trained to eat out of the hands of their
mart era
It Is a forecast absolutely correct,
and the working people of the coun
try know it as well as others. But
the editorial doesn't end here. It re
marks that the great strength of Mr.
Bryan's party is in the South, and
that the South will do nothing what
ever to help labor reforms. 'Let us
study this passage, to wit:
Progresaive legislation through the Demo
cratic party la Impossible aa long aa Its
enactment depends upon the representatives
from the South. In no aectlon of the United
State and few parts of Europe, outside of
Russia Is there aa little liberty and prog
ress Child labor Is universally exploited,
tradea onions practically outlawed. Ala
bama, the atate from which Mr. Bryan
choee the permanent chairman of hla con
vention, repealed a law regulating child
labor and enacted a leas atrlngent one In
order to Induce Northern capital to invest In
the misery and the Uvea of the children of
Its working people. On its statute booka la
the most drastic antlboycott law ever en
acted. The atate leaaea Its convlcta to work
In the Iron mines of the steel trust. From
this system, resulting In untold cruelty, cor
ruption and rrime. Alabama profits to the
extent of $750,000 a year. Its chief city,
Birmingham, with a Democratic Govern
ment, is furnishing prisoner atrlke-breakera
to the mlneowners, who are engaged In a
desperate etruggle with the United Mlne
workers of America. For each ablebodled
criminal the city receives !0 a month. Sim
ilar conditions exist In nearly every state of
the South, which la still dominated by the
men who In bygone days, too proud and too
laxy to work, coined ths lives and the lib
erty of chattel alavea Into luxury and ease.
These are points that serve or
should serve for enlightenment. In
states that are strongly and surely for
Bryan and his party, the demands of
labor .get no consideration. Only In
the Northern States are they heard.
Observe that Mr. Bryan and Mr. Gom
. pers never go Into the South to con
tend for "the rights of labor." Per
haps It is because they think labor fit
only for "niggers." Yet no doubt the
real reason is that the Southern States,
the strength of the Bryan party, are
resolved not to have any such doc
trines on this subject as Bryan advo
cates In the North. What, then, can
be expected for labor by a Bryan ad
ministration? Bn great a factor are the working
people of the country In the activity
and progress and welfare of the coun
try that the only hope and safety of
the country are In' the working-people
who can't be beguiled or misled by
Why Is there a need for speciajly
organized "Taft Republican Clubs"?
Every town In the state has its Re
publican Club, or more than one, al
ready. These clubs have their mem
bership, their constitutions and their
officers. Why should not meetings of
these clubs be called an the work of
this campaign be taken up by them
without the organization of new
clubs? Towns that have no Repub
lican clubs already should organize,
but not merely for the election of Taft.
A Republican club needs no limitation
to Its field of effort short of election
of every Republican candidate.
The dissensions in the family of Jo
seph Meyers, of Salem, as presented to
the public in more or less sensational
installments during the past month,
are but variations of the same old
slobbered tale that has been rehearsed
all too often at the instigation of in
discreet heirs of uxorious and aged
men of fortune throughout the gener
ations. The folly of such dissension
is only equaled by its futility. When
an old man the father of a family of
adult sons and daughters having
been bereft by death of the wife 'of
his youth and the mother of his chil
dren, becomes possessed of the desire
to marry, his children are apt to rise
In a revolt that is at least quite as
natural as is the father's desire. This
revolt is Intensified in bitterness when
the old man Is wealthy and the woman
whom he proposes to marry Is rela
tively young young enough, perhaps,
to give promise of other heirs to the
family estates. Expostulation in such
a case has ever proved futile; attempts
to spirit the aged lover away or to
subject him to a chaperonage the of
fice of which Is to protect alike unso
phisticated youth and doddering age
from the wiles and snares of the
tempter, are easily foiled by conniv
ance of the astute party of the second
part and aspersions against the sanity
of the old man have invariably been
almost universally disallowed by an
unsympathetic court or matter-of-fact
lunacy commission. The old man has
his way, -and eventually the relatively
young wife has hers, leaving to the
disgruntled heirs their labor for their
Such marriages, and the family
rumpus that they have raised, are
incidents in the life of every commu
nity. Their history follows parallel
lines- without deviation except In
minor details. Nine times out of ten
the old man comes off victorious,
though not Infrequently the triumph
Is In the end a bitter one to him,
since, having first estranged his chil
dren, it is likely to cloud his closing
years by dependence upon the grudged
bounty of his beneficiary.
The wonder In all of this Is, not that
the old man makes a fool of himself,
since he: Is approached on his most
defenseless and "easy" side, with flat
tery and caressing, but that his sons
and daughters hope and strive by co
ercive means to counteract the spell
under which he has fallen, and that,
throwing family pride to the winds,
they make the public the theater upon
which they stage this ages-old domes
tic play.
It is the part of wisdom In such a
case to acknowledge the power of "the
whip hand" and smilingly stand aside,
since by such means alone will the
heirs be able to compete for their
property rights against one whom they
choose to consider an Invader.
For who ever heard of a marriage deterred
Or even deferred
By any contrivance no very absurd
As acoldlng the "boy" and
"Fighting his bird."
Such an attempt, with its manifold
variations, is both useless and humili
ating. Aggravating as the case may
be and often Is from the standpoint of
the heirs, seeming acquiescence to the
marriage is at once politic and decent.
The opinion expressed by Mr. H. F.
Davidson, of Hood River, that dealers
In fruit lost money last year Is -undoubtedly
correct, and It may be ex
pected that their experience will make
them a little cautious this year In
loading up with supplies, though there
Is nothing in the industrial situation
that warrants extra caution. The
financial flurry came last year, Just af
ter fruit dealers had made their pur
chases, and they were compelled to
unload at a loss. The reduced value
of fruit was not due to any change In
the supply of fruit, but was due to
diminution of demand occasioned by
Inability of consumers to buy. The
situation was an unusual one, affecting
all markets, though the market for
perishable goods, such as fruit, was
probably affected more than that for
most commodities.
Whether with good reason or not, a
man who has lost on an Investment
will be slow to make the same kind of
an Investment again. Men who laid
In a large supply of apples last year
will buy this year only what they can
see a certain market for. And yet, at
somewhat reduced prices, there should
be as active a demand for apples for
consumption as ever before. While
growers will probably not agree to
such a statement. It is quite possible
that the price of apples, like that of
many other commodities, was exces
sive last year. Values in all lines
were high. Though It would be grat
ifying if apple-growers could get as
high prices every year as they did last
season, such good fortune is not to be
expected. On the contrary, it seems
that prices will be lower than actual
conditions Justify a misfortune which
the producers must suffer unless they
can find a way to stimulate demand.
The shallowness of the demagogue
Is seen in the fervid announcement by
Mr. Bryan that, if he is elected. It will
be by the. 'unpurchased and unpur
chasable vote of the country. Exactly
the same thing will be true of Mr.
Taft. Whoever shall be elected, his
election will be by the unpurchased
and unpurchasable vote of the coun
try. But Mr. Bryan Insinuates a thing
that he dare not declare openly and
manfully, that Republican leaders will
buy votes. By indirection he tries to
cast a reflection upon Mr. Taft to
create the impression that Taft is a
corruptlonist, yet not in all the history
of Mr. Taft's public career has there
been one word uttered against his In
tegrity. That Taft is a high-minded
man is indicated by the fact that he
does not go about the country appeal
ing to that class of people who can be
caught y such sophistry as the cry
"If I shall be elected it will be by the
unpurchased and,. unpurchasable vote
of the country."
Neither party will have a campaign
fund large enough to make corruption
possible, nor would there be vote-buying
on either side in the National cam
paign if the money were available.
Both times he ran for the Rresidency
Mr. Bryan was-defeated by the unpur
chased and unpurchasable voters of
the country. Just as he will be either
elected or defeated . in the . coming
election. There is no election, either
in America or In any other country on
earth, in which the honest opin
ion of the people is so fairly ex
pressed as In the Presidential elec
tions. The people of this country do
not thank any man for voicing insinu
ations which convey to the people of
other countries the Impression that
our National elections are bought and
The special agents who have been
sent into the Siletz country to investi
gate the troubles of claim-owners,
squatters and Jumpers, are on a deli
cate mission. The bona fide settler
who goes Into the forest primeval aa It
lies along the coast country, with the
determination of winning a home from
the wilderness. Is entitled to all pro-,
tectlon possible In retaining possession
of his land. This protection might
reasonably be extended to cover an
occasional absence from the land, pro
vided always that the settler tempo
rarily abandons it for the purpose of
securing funds with which to continue
his improvements. Throughout the
Lower Columbia counties, on both
sides of the river, are hundreds of
thrifty homes that were originally
taken up by settlers In a manner not
dissimilar from that followed by the
Siletz settlers.
These original settlers, after devot
ing several months each year to clear
ing up their land and getting them
under cultivation, would spend all or
a portion of the fishing season on the
river, earning money with which to
continue Improving the land on which
they had settled. Others spent much
time away from their claims working
In logging camps and on farms, but at
no time having any Intention other
than ultimately to make a permanent
home on the farm they were gradu
ally hewing out of the forest. These
hard-working squatters or settlers in
nearly all cases have proved gcod citi
zens, .and their work in the aggregate
has been of the highest importance in
development of the lower river coun
try. This class of workers has al
ways had their claims In a certain de
gree of Jeopardy fro'm claim-Jumpers,
who would watch their chances, and,
taking advantage of the temporary ab
sence of the claim-owner, would
"Jump" the claim, and then endeavor
to enlist assistance of the Government
In preventing the original settler from
regaining possession.
These claim-Jumpers have been em
boldened and encouraged by the pres
ence In some localities of a number of
bogus settlers who have filed on claims
without the slightest intention of be
coming actual settlers and have In
tended, by fraudulent methods, to se
cure title to the land for speculative
purposes only. This class of settlers
is no better than the claim-Jumpers
who endeavor to steal the claims of
those who are acting in good faith,
and It Is regrettable that so many of
them escape the penitentiary.
It will require careful investigation
on the part of the special agents to
enable them to separate the sheep
from the goats In the remote districts
which, in the past few years, have
been overrun with land hunters.
Wherever the good faith of the settler
Is shown, there will undoubtedly be a
disposition to waive technicalities and
perfect the title to the land, but small
consideration should be given the
sneaking claim-Jumpers who attempt
to deprive honest settlers of the land
on which they are attempting to estab
lish a home.
Mr. Harrlman Is reported to have
purchased the Spreckels steamers Si
erra, : Sonoma and Ventura for the
purpose of re-establishing a regular
service to South American ports. These
steamers are about the nearest to fail
ures of any vessels that ever came into
the Pacific. The original cost was far
out of proportion to the value of the
vessels, and they were so expensive to
operate that they contributed largely
to the final collapse and retirement of
the Spreckels line to Australia. News
dispatches say that Mr. Harrlman
drove a hard bargain in securing the
vessels from Spreckels, but. If he paid
anything above the Junk value of
white elephants he got far the worst
of the bargain.
In his attempts to maintain a steam
ship service on the Pacific, in opposi
tion to British, German, French, Jap
anese and other lines, Mr. Harriman is
entitled to much credit, regardless of
the opinion that may be held of the
business Judgment that might prompt
such a course. No matter how small
the price paid for the Spreckels steam
ers which he Is reported to have
bought, he Is under a handicap so long
as he operates them on either the
South American or the Oriental or any
other foreign route. The modern
steamships built by foreign nations,
for economy of operation and large
carrying capacity, have an advantage
over the Spreckels steamers that will
run against the latter as long as the
ships last. So long as our present Idi
otic navigation laws remain in force
there Is no relief for Mr. Harrlman or
any other man who might wish to buy
good, economically operated ships at
as low a price as they are available to
The American transportation lines
are nearly all in need of ships, and
there has never been a previous period
In the history of the country, when
foreign shipowners could secure ton
nage at as low rates as are quoted by
the foreign shipyards. If our naviga
tion laws had been framed for the
purpose of encouraging Instead of
stifling trade, this would prove a gol
den opportunity for securing an Amer
ican merchant marine that would en
able our people to compete on even
terms with the ships of other more en
lightened nations.
Mr. Harrlman displays considerable
patriotism In keeping the American
flag floating over the finest steamships
on the Pacific, and, if the report of his
purchase of the Spreckels "misfits"
is true, he will have the largest Amer
ican steamship fleet afloat, but they
will be under a heavy handicap as
dividend earners, so long as they must
compete with ships that are built for
about-one-half the cast, and that can
be operated much more economically.
The annual famine In China is al
ready getting under way, and a vast
region in which the rice crop was de
stroyed by the floods Is expected to
yield up its thousands of victims who
will perish of starvation. It is a long
range view that Americans get of
these annual tragedies, and for that
reason they appear less distressing
than they would If we were nearer the
scene. It Is somewhat paradoxical
that thousands of these Chinese perish
every year by reason of too much
water, while in India, where the gaunt
specter of famine is always stalking,
the starvation death rate reaches high
figures by reason of drought that de
stroys the crop. Equalization of these
climatic conditions would save mil
lions of lives, but possibly the one
credited with full control of the mat
ter does not regard the lives which ara
lost . as of sufficient value to warrant
the change that might save them.
The Increase of 2,611,000 bushels In
the American visible wheat supply yes
terday was not only the largest in
crease reported this season, but the
largest for any corresponding week
In the past ten years. This, however,
should not be taken as an excessively
bearish feature, for the visible supply
still falls short of that of last year at
a corresponding date by nearly 30,
000,000 bushels, and, is, with Dut two
exceptions, the smallest recorded at
this date In ten years. That Europe
has been a pretty free purchaser of
early offerings ' is shown in world's
shipments 8,500,000 bushels greater
than for the first week In September
last year, while quantities on passage
are 4,0.00,000 bushels greater than a
year ago at a corresponding date. The
statistical position of the cereal . is
strong, but the coming Argentine crop
is already "casting Its shadow before."
Mr. Gompers would be In much bet
ter position to make a fight upon Mr.
Cannon or any other particular candi
date personally opposed by labor If
he had not .-tried to deliver the whole
labor vote to the Democratic party.
Mr. Gompers wishes It understood that
he is striving merely to promote the
Interests of labor, but It Is noticeable
that all his efforts are against Re
publican candidates. Surely there are
places, particularly In the South,
where Democratic candidates are an
tagonistic to the demands of labor.
Why is not Mr. Gompers active there?
The Portland Councilman who re
cently went on a Junketing trip to
Puget Sound and confided to a Seattle
reporter that he had not been outside
the city limits of Portland for thirty
years, by His confession offers some
explanation for some of the shortcom
ings which are noticeable in municipal
legislation. It Is, of course, barely
possible that Portland Is the nearest
to perfection of any city on the Pa
cific Coast, tout even at that an occa
sional study of some of the other cities
and of their methods of civic improve
ment might be of value.
Neither the upper nor the lower
river fishermen are satisfied with the
new laws regulating fishing. Nobody
expected them to be. The laws were
not enacted to satisfy them, but to
protect salmon. The fishermen have
demonstrated for years that they do
not intend to be satisfied with any law
that prevents them frtm exterminat
ing salmon. There is no use trying to
satisfy them,' therefore, unless we are
ready to abandon, the fishing industry
to destruction.
Use of a shotgun is a rather extreme
measure for the protection of orchards
and vineyards against petty thieves,
and it can hardly fee commended for
general adoption. But It must be ad
mitted that a woman who thus de
fends her property from destruction
has considerable provocation. This
much is certain, that those who do not
wish to take chances with a gun can
keep out of other people's vineyards.
Perhaps It might be well, from one
point of view, for enlightenment of a
class of Republicans in Oregon, who
are continually voting for Democrats
for highest offices, on the plea of non
partisanship. If Bryan should be
elected. Then they would find out
what Democratic non-partisanship
means. And The Oregonian would
have more reason than many to re
joice. .
According to a story that comes
from Reno, the seniors at a local
school of mines have forbidden Jun
iors and sophomores to appear upon
the campus In company with co-eds
except at purely social functions. . If
the Juniors and sophomores have -any
gumption they will thump the heads
of the first seniors who interfere with
their affairs.
Inthe future those "who apply for
teachers' certificates, will be required
to pass a more extensive examination
in English classics. This is a wise
change In the standard of qualification
for , teaching. English composition
and English literature have never re
ceived attention commensurate with
their importance.1
A rhymester says that the reason
people leave the farm is that they do
not want to stay. That may be the
true reason now, but a few years ago,
after a Democratic administration
came Into power, many people who
wanted to stay on the farms left be
cause the mortgage holders didn't
want them to stay. "
It has been ascertained by statisti
cians that .Fourth of July celebrations
this year cost 163 lives and resulted
in 662 Injuries. That Is not quite as
bad a record as a battle with an In
vading army, but It Is enough to show
the sincerity of American patriotism.
Mr. Bryan protests against the In-
rvnaua In rViA number of nubliC Officers
and employes. All those communities
wishing to give up their rural mall de
livery service will please notify Mr.
Bryan at once of their hearty support
of his protest. "
It was reported yesterday from
what seems to be an authoritative
source that Columbia River salmon
are planning a celebration In honor of
Fish Warden McAllister, and that they
will burn the Washington fishery laws
in effigy.
There Is said to be an unwritten law
which Justifies the shooting of Mon
golian pheasants at any time of the
year in self-defea. No man Is re
quired to stand still and let a pheasant
bite him, in season or out of season..
Five per cent municipal bonds are
so attractive In San Francisco that an
issue of $3,200,000 was heavily over
subscribed. This would Indicate that
the money market was again on easy
street on the Pacific Coast.
List of I'lde Sana's Beneficiaries Now
Smallest la IS Year.
Washington (D. C) Cor. Brooklyn
There are fewer persons on the Unit
ed States pension roll today .than at
any time for, the past 15 years. The
army of beneficiaries from the Govern
ment's bounty at last seems to be on
the downward grade, in point of num
bers. There are now only 951.687 left,
and at the rate at which death is cut
ting into the ranks the total will have
shrunk to 800,000 before another year.
The high-water mark In pensions
was reached in 1804. when for a brief
period there were more than 1,000,000
persons on the roll. The spectacle of
this enormous number ot persons draw
ing monthly checks from the Govern
ment frightened the Republican lead
ers for a while. So long as the army
was kept within six figures it was
found comparatively easy to defend the
liberal pension policy. No mention will
be found in the report of the Commis
sioner of Pensions of the fact that at
one time more than 1,000.000 pensioners
were on the roll. The figures are given
for fiscal years only, and the high
water mark was touched in August.
Before June 30 came around again the
figures had gone back into the hun
dreds of thousands, so that so far as
the official reports go, the highest
point reached was 998,446.
The pension roll, prior to the present
year, had been growing larger and
larger with a regularity that attested
the eagerness for business of the pen
sion attorney. It assumed visible sie
after the Civil War. for In 1868 it num
bered 126,000. From that time on Its
expansion was as steady and regular as
J. Plerpont Morgan's income. In 1880
there were 250,000 pensioners;' in 1890
there were 350,000; In 1900 there, were
' a '
The following table, shows the up
ward climb of the list:
No. ofl No. of
.pensioners. pensioners.
12K.7241SS8 452.557
153,474!l9 489.725
169.643.1890 537.044
1869 187.B3jl89l
. . .67.lf0
.198, 6S6 189a
. . .876.068
1871 207,495
18M3 966,012
1894 969,544
.v. . .232,229
1 905 970,524
1874 21)6,241
1899 970,678
1897- 976,014
1875 234.821
1876 232,137
1877 282.104
1878 223.998
1879 242.755
1898 993,714
1899 991,519
1900 993.529
1901 997.735
1880 250,80211902
1881 268,83019"8
1882 285,697,1904 994,763
1S8S 803.6581905 998 -141
1884 322.7561906 985.VT1
1885 345.1251907 867,371
1888 305.7S31908 951,637
1887 406.0071
Uncle Sam's generosity toward the
maimed soldiers and sailors and their
widows and dependents 'has cost the
country a pretty penny. Since 1868
13,609,000,000 have been paid out for
pensions. This is nearly four times
the amount of the Interest-bearing
public debt. In recent years the annual
disbursements for pensions have been In
the neighborhood of $140,000,000. This
is more than the annual cost of the
Navy, and Is enough to build a fleet of
15 Dreadnought battleships.
Thousands of persons who draw pen
sions from this Government never
spend a penny of .It here. They live
abroad. Congress has never attempted
to require pensioners to pa-sa their re
maining days at home, although the
amount paid to those residing In for
eign lands aggregates nearly $1,000,000
a year. The following list shows bow
widely distributed are Uncle Sam's pen
sioners: N.
. 10
t . 7T
. 85
. : 4
. 20
. 18
. 57
. 37
. 888
. 65
. 593
. 482
. 48
. 21
. 11
'. 164
$ 85.47
11. 088.83
B. 304. 70
216 00
69.376 30
14, 272. OS
Austria-Hungary . . .
A sores
Bahama ...........
Barbados . ........
Belgium . ..........
Bermuda .........
Brazil .
Cape Verde Islands .
Comoro Islands .....
Costa Rica'
Danish West Indes .
Dominican Republlo
Dutch West Indies .
Egypt . ..
Germany . .
Greece . ........
Isle of Man
Isle of Pines
Japan . ............
Mexico .
New Zealand
St. Helena
St. Martin
, 31
...... e
, 11
, 1
, 18
, 1
, 1
Scotland BS
feychelles Island 1
Slanl 1
South Africa 5
Spain 1
Sweden 83
Switzerland RS
Turkey 13
United States of Colombia 1
Uruguay 3
Wales 24
Total 6.090
There are now only two persons on
the rolls as pensioners of the Revolu
tionary War. They are daughters of
soldiers who fought with Washington
and Lafayette, and were pensioned by
special acts of Congress. They are
Sarah C. Hurlbutt, aged 90, the daugh
ter of Elijah Weeks, who served with
the Massachusetts troops, and Phoebe
M. Fal meter, aged 87, the daughter of
Jonathan Wooley, of the New Hamp
shire troops. Mrs. Palmeter resides In
Brookfleld, N. T.
The last surviving widow pensioner
of the War of the Revolution was
Esther S. Damon.Nof Plymouth Union,
Vt., who died In November, 1906, aged
92. "The last survivor of the War of
the Revolution was Daniel F. Bakeman,
who died in Freedom, Cattaraugus
County, New York, on April 6. 1869, at
th ripe old age of 109 years. There
are. more than 600 widows of the War
of 1812 remaining on the pension roll.
Stands for Constitutional Salaries.
MARSHFIELD, Or., Sept. 5. (To the
Editor.) "Wonderful Is logic," are the
concluding words of an editorial bear
ing the caption, "A Dip Into Exact
Science," ia last Wednesday's Oregon
Ian. These concluding worda are, It
seems to me, apropos of the conclu
sions of "W. M. R.," whose communica
tion In the same Issue Is headed, "A
Call for Flat Salaries."
After clearly showing that our state
officials have been drawing unconsti
tutional salaries for a matter of 30
years. The Oregonlan's correspondent
says the people righteously voted down
an amendment at the late election pro
viding for fiat salaries, because these
same officials have been violating the
constitution. The people will and
should continue to defeat any proposed
amendment until these officials cease
to drawn down these unconstitutional
Truly, "wonderful is logic."
Call for aa Investigation Into a Recent
Flurry la Storks.
Baltimore News.
The apparent Intention of the New
York. Stock Exchange to investigate
the wild activity and fevarlsh fluctu
ations which characterised a recent
two-hour session of the market, when
transactions exceeded the million
mark in fewer than a dozen stocks,
should be so thorough that when the
verdict is rendered there will be no
suspicion that the committee charged
with getting at the bottom of the huge
gamble was moved by motives other
than to protect the reputation of the
Stock Exchange for square dealing
and to punish those who have brought
the Wall-street market into disrepute.
The New York Stock Exchange is
now face to face with one of the worst
scandals in Its history, and if it per
mits this sand-bagging game to pass
without protest It will be 'accepted by
a large part of the public as a confes
sion that the stories of gigantic
swindles perpetrated in the . financial
center of the world have not been idle
dreams or the Imaginations of hare
brains. It is almost inconceivable that
men wearing the mantle of respecta
ble citizens should so far forget them
selves in their greed for money as to
endanger confidence at home and
abroad, especially at a time when the
stability of soma of our Institutions Is
According to reports current, one of
the leaders In the wild speculation re
ferred to, finding himself short half
a million shares of various stocks,
threatened to throw Into the hands of
receivers a great railroad system
which he controlled, and was pre
vented from doing so only by big in
terests turnng over to him. sufficient
stock with which to make deliveries
without severe loss. The fact that
such a move on his part would en
danger the fortunes of Innocent In
vestors or that it might delay the re
turn of prosperous times, thus work
ing hardships upon hundreds of
thousands of toilers, probably never
once appealed to the finer Instincts of
this man, if he really was possessed
of Instincts higher than those of the
midnight marauder.
It will be a long time before Wall
street recovers from the effects of
this latest revelation, and it Is the duty
of every member of the Stock Ex
change to aid the Investigating com
mittee in getting at the facts, that the
guilty may be punished
German Review of Forest Resources
and Importations by Countries.
United States Consular Report.
The following facts were taken by
Vice-Consul James I A. Burrell of
Magdeburg, from a brochure by Dr.
Ernst Friedrich, of the German Com
mercial High School at Leipzig:
' The world's lumber trade amounts to
$285,600,030 annually, of which the
United States furnishes about 20 per
cent, Austria-Hungary 19 per cent, Rus
sia 16 per cent, Canada 13 "per cent,
Sweden IS per cent,. Finland 10 per
cent, Norway 4 per cent, and Roumania
also a small quantity.
The countries importing wood are
those on the highest economical plane,
which were themselves In earlier times
densely wooded,, but whose forests have
been denuded to' a greater or less ex
tent to make room, for agriculture. In
dustry, etc. Only 4 per cent of tne
territory of Great Britain la covered
with forests, and during the year 1906
that country imported lumber to the
value of $135,561,750. Germany has
still 26 per cent of Its territory cov
ered by forests, but Imported In 1908
lumber valued at $61,285,000. Belgium
and the Netherlands, that have but 8
per cent forest lands; Denmark, that
has 7 per cent; France and Switzerland,
with a small percentage of forest land,
are compelled to import lumber.
Besides these countries, those lands
lying -on the dry western side of the
subtropical zone lacking forests are
forced to Import wood. Egypt Imports
wood and coal to the value of about
$16,660,000 annually; Algeria, Tunis,
Spain, Portugal (3 per cent forest land),
Italy, Greece (with 9 per cent forest
land), the eastern part of Asia, British
South Africa, the vwestern parts of
Chile and Peru, the Argentine Republic,
and Australia, all poor in wood, are de
pendent upon import.
Three Heavyweight Republicans.
SELLWOOD, Or., Sept. 7. (To the
Editor.) In this morning's Onegonian
you say: "If Senator Bourne and Can
didate Cake can be Induced to stump
all Oregon for Taft," etc. That Is not
the combination.' It should be: Young,
the brains; Bourne, the head; and Uh
ren or U'Ren, or whatever it la, the
tall. That would be novel, unique 'and
startling, a "Combination- and a form
Indeed, that would appal the guilty
and make mad the free," I don't know
that I am quoting quite correctly, but
for that bunch It's near enough. The
unique and novel part would be that
the tall would have to do the talking,
but It would make no difference with
the result. Suppose you suggest it to
the National and state Taft committee,
Diamond and Gold la Hla Hoof.
Altoona (Pa.) Dispatch to New York
This little mountain town comes to
the front with a horse story which
ranks in the first flight. He Is -a big
roadster owned by George Coleman, a
liveryman, and has a record hitched to
a wagon. Several days ago the horse
went lame, and Coleman called a vet
erinarian, who found that there was a
large diamond stickpin fastened In the
animal's foot above the hoof. There
was a carat diamond in the pin. Two
days afterward Coleman, while cleaning
the dirt from the shoes of his diamond
studded horse, found a $6 gold piece
firmly imbedded In a crack In the hoof.
Coleman is a church member, fnd be
sides he has several witnesses to each
remarkable find.
iMtt of Famous Coterie.
Kansas City Detpatch.
Judge Thomas H. Bacon, boyhood as
sociate of Samuel L. Clemens, is dead
in Hannibal, Mo., as a result of a bullet
wound received when he was a soldier
In the Confederate Army. He was per
sonally acquainted with every member
of the coterie of youths immortalized
by Mark Twain In "Tom Sawyer" and
"Hucklaberry Finn."
Ostriches Trot to Sulkies.
Baltimore News.
Two ostriches, broken to sulkies and
taught to trot, will be raced at the
coming Mineola Fair, on Long. Island.
The ostriches have trotted a mile in
little less than 2:30. They are called.
F.leetfoot and Fleetwlng. and are driv
en to light sulkies built for them.
Turtle Eggs Hatched Per Mall.
Philadelphia Dispatch.
When a package containing turtle
eggs, that had been sent by mail from
tha South, was opened at Morristown,
Pa., it was found the eggs had hatched,
and there were two little kicking
turtles. "
Traveler Samples Hotel Doorkeys.
Trenton (N. J.) Despatch.
William S. Harker. of Mulllca Hill.
N. J., has a large and unique collection
of doorkeys. There are at least 600,
nearly all from hotels where Mr. Har
ker has been stopping In hla extensive
travels over the world.
Writer Ridicules a Recent Utterance of
Dr. David Starr Jordan.
LAKEWOOD, O., Sept. 5. (To the Ed
itorsBeing deeply interested in ' the
business of the lake .fisheries, especlally
so on Lake Erie, and well known here
as suoh, a friend sends me from Portland
a recent clipping from The Oregonian
setting forth the views of Dr. D. S.
Jordan, who is quoted as being "one of
two members of an International com
mittee to Investigate the fishing waters
of America."
This Dr. Jordan has previously been
accused of "vaporing" to the publio over
a variety of subjects, ranging all the
way from fur seals down to football eth
ics. In this clipping referred to he has
been vaporing again.'. He says that his
associate, the Canadian Commissioner,
Dr. S. T. Bastudo, and himself are going
to "formulate a new code of laws for
Federal regulation of the fishing which
we visited" that is. for all the fisheries
in the waters on the boundary (Cana
dian) line between the Atlantic and the
The utter nonsense of such a statement
made in this distinct manner may not be
at first sight clear, but, to us here, fac-:
Ing the conditions which we understand a j
thousand times better than Dr. Jordan
does, or any man like him can, with his
brief survey of "the last three months, "
Dr. Jordan Is simply "vaporing" again.
Just as his critics say ho habitually does.
He says he is giong to "frame a now ;
code of laws," and if that code of laws
pleases the Secretary of State, then they
(the laws) will be made public, and pass ;
into effect! This Idea of such an idle
statement as to what his mission means,
and its result, passing unchallenged, :
prompts me to say:
First No code of laws changing exist
ing laws for fishing in Ohio, on the lnko,
or elsewhere within Its civil dominion,;
can be framed by Dr. Jordan, unless the;
fish and game wardens of Ohio first
consider It. Then, If they agree upon
such a code. It must get the approval
of the Governor of Ohio, and be. In
turn, ratified by the State Legislature.
Second This procedure In Ohio must
be followed in exact order by similar
action in Maine,' New Hampshire, Ver
mont, New York, Pennsylvania, Michi
gan, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Min
nesota and Washington. Think, for a
moment, of the time and labor, Intelli
gent, profound and patient understand
ing which must be employed to get up
such an agreement on our side alone,
and before we can even hint at this
"code of laws" which we are to offer to
the consideration of Canada!
Third Then, when we have so sub
mitted this "new code of laws" to ths
Dominion authorities, if they make tha
least change in them, we must go all
over this same long road again with
out game and fish wardens. Governors
and Legislatures.
Therefore, in order that The Ore
gonian may not take up this statement:
of Dr. Jordan seriously, and that the;
real and serious difficulties In the path;
of any sensible readjustment of our in-1
ternational fishing laws and regula-j
tlons may be undorstood, as we under
stand them so well over here, I ad
dress this to the readers of The Ore
gonian. Twelve years ago a similar commis
sion. Joint Anglo-American, was put to
work on this same question above cited.
It was headed by Dr. Richard Rathbun,
of the United States Fish Commission,
and Captain Walker, for the Dominion.
These gentlemen labored two long
years. They gathered statements, com
piled statistics, and presumably trav
ersed the entire field. What became of
their efforts? Nothing, absolutely
nothing. The reports made by thesr men
were all quietly buried In the pigeon
holes of the State Department at Wash
ington, D. C. Why? Because they were
utterly valueless unless passed upon by
the state game and fish wardens, Gov
ernors and Legislatures before submis
sion to the Secretary of State.
No man of Dr. Jordan's caliber can
perform this task. Nothing will ever
be heard more from him of the least
sense In the premises, and until he dws
something In this way, and succeeds,
will he submit that "new code of Fed
eral laws" to govern the subjects at
issue in International waters on this
continent to the Secretary of State.
Loud Call for Deputy Warden to En
force the Law Near Seaside, Or.
SEASIDE, Or., Sept. 7. (To tha Ed
itor.) A storm of Indignation has been
sweeping over this section of the state
during the past alx weeks, caused by
the wanton destruction of game and
The Necanlcum River has been fre
quently dynamited, and thousands of
troot killed. In the Elk Creek coun
try ths carcasses of three elk, from
which not one pound -of meat was
taken, lie rotting today. These elk
were killed for their teeth, killed out
of season, by some vandal who needed
the price of the teeth, and who cared
nothing for the law a dead letter In
this vicinity, there being no officer to
enforce it.
Last week a man from Gearhart
killed a fine bull elk In the vicinity of
Union Peak. He "kicked" at having to
give a quarter of a dollar to have the
carcaBs hauled to town. A Deputy
Game Warden, it is alleged, told this
hunter to be careful or he would get
Into trouble In killing elk out of sea
son. The .nearest Game Warden Is located
In Astoria. For the good he can do in
this section he might Just as well be In
h 1. By the time he reaches tha scene
of slaughter the trail is cold.
An appeal was made to Governor
Chamberlain to have a special deputy
appointed to patrol these mountains
and enforce the law. The matter was
turned over to Warden McAllister, who
regretted his inability to do anything.
the state being too poor to pay a man
for such services. Mr. McAllister, I am
told, offered to appoint a man Water
Bailiff, without pay, such man being
allowed one-third of all -fines he was
instrumental In securing? When it
was learned that the Bailiff must serve
his one-third of all Jail sentences, there
was not a candidate In sight.
During the past year 16 elk In the
Nehalem, Necanicum and Elk Creek
mountains, have been killed out of sea
son. This will continue so long as
Oregon is too poor to appoint fearless.
trusty men to enforce tne laws. A
man holding that position has no sine
cure. He is liable to get "humped" at
any time, and must be- constantly on
the move. No poor man ran afford to
accept one of these offices. No rich
an will accept so tne siaugnier goes
merrily on, everybody's business being
nobody's business.
Last Chief of Pottawattomlra.
Detroit (Mich.) Despatch. t
T-,n.,t IT-ntth asraA 00 VAnrct t.hA lat
lj n , n, . . . . , - c j , - -' - -
chief of the Pottawattomle Indians. Is
dead at the Indian settlement, Menom
inee, Mich. He was the son of No-Sah-Maquant,
and signed the treaty
with the United States Government ced
ing the tribal lands near the southern
shores of Lake Michigan to the white
settlers after the Black Hawk War in
Fined for Looking: at Gambling;.
New York Dispatch.
Five well-dressed young men were
arraigned In New York charged with
playing "craps", on the street. Tliey all
claimed to have been looking at the
game. "You are fined 25 rents each."
said the Magistrate. "If you use the
city's streets you must pay for the