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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
Try, morxixg oregoxiax. Thursday, jile 4, 1908.
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PORTLAND, THURSDAY. JUNE 4, 1008.
THE SIMPLE ANALVSIS.
Mr. Chamberlain attributes his suc
cess over Mr. Cake to an assumption
that Mr. Cake was not considered
"sound" on Statement No. 1,- and con
sequently that large numbers of State
ment No. 1 Republicans refused to
vote for Mr. Cake and threw their
votes for Mr. Chamberlain instead. It
is Absurd. Mr. Cake's defeat was due
directly to the votes o Republicans
opposed to Statement No. 1, who voted
for Mr. Chamberlain expressly for the
purpose of "passing it up" to the Leg
islature, where they hoped to get a
result more satisfactory to them than
the election of either Cake or Cham
berlain. Mr. Cake received the votes of State
ment No. 1 Republicans in general;
excepting, of course, such as always
vote for Mr. Chamberlain for personal
reasons, of whom there are consider
able numbers throughout the state.
Ho (Mr. Cake) received, moreover, the
votes of thousands who do not accept
the shibboleth of the "Statement," but
nevertheless voted for him through
loyalty to their party.
Hut the great body of the Republic
ans who marked their ballots for Mr.
Chamberlain are opponents of State
ment No. 1, did not like the use that
Mr. Cake had made of it, wished to
give him and those who had directed
his campaign "their dose of it," and to
send the question to the Legislature
to be threshed out there.
All who have good "Inside" knowl
edge of politics in Oregon know these
things perfectly well. Mr. Chamber
lain .knows them well, too, of course.
He got the whole Democratic vote of
the state, and would have got it as
well against Statement No. 1 as for
it. But he was for the Statement be
cause it was dividing the Republican
party and he saw he could' profit by
the division. While most Republicans
who were for the Statement voted for
Cake and many who were not for it
also voted for him, the patent and ma
teria! Pact is that many thousands of
Republicans, distributer! in about equal
proportions all over the state among
them the most earnest and purposeful
men of the party voted against Cake
and for Chamberlain, under the be
lief that they were, delivering a blow
at this method of politics and at the
same time were "getting even" with
the opposing faction in their own
party. This is the whole explanation
of the result.
The Oregohian is not talking now of
the wisdom or unwisdom of the pro
ceeding, which it foresaw from the be
ginning of the campaign, as it believed
It foresaw the consequence. It is sim
ply stating a fact. In some of the
counties there were Republican "bolt
ers" running for legislative and other
offices who "embraced the Statement"
and supported Chamberlain as a
mean& of helping themselves to thb
Democratic vote; but the vast bulk of
the Republican votes that went to
Chamberlain was thrown by "anti
Statement" Republicans. It was known
by ail who had inside Information that
they would do it: The Oregonian well
knew they would do it, and believed
they were making a mistake as to con
sequences, even from their own. point
of view; yet It knew it was powerless,
and it never expected Mr. Cake to win.
It has had some experience in Its day
with these various Republican fac
tions, and some observation of the
consequences of their action; and this
was the reason having been thumped
no little by successive defeats when it
was contending for "the party" that
caused it to "stay out" of this scrim
mage. Returning for another word to the
Holy Statement, which has been used
but as an excuse, subterfuge or dis
guise, to mask or promote the real
1 nnrnnsps of fartinn:) nmhirinn in hnth
parties. It remains to te said that few
persons think seriously ol it as even
possibly a practical or practicable
thing. Thus far It is a factional
weapon merely, and after a while will
cease even to be that. Three candi
dates for the Legislature in Multno
mah were "anti-Statement" men.
Every possible appeal was made for
their defeat, but they ran right along
with the remainder of the Republican
ticket, and one of them (Farrell)
seems to have the highest vote of all.
"We know in part and we prophesy In
part" an expression which distin
guishes knowledge from prophecy.
We know that the Statement thus far
has been merely the new weapon of
faction; it Is not a hazardous predic
tion that after It has finished this work
or grown dull In it, and some other
weapon is needed, it will disappear.
THE ALASKA TRADE. 1
Seattle authorities estimate the
value of the Alaska gold output this
year at $26,000,000. Making the
usual allowance for the source of the
figures, it is reasonable to believe that
the actual value will easily reach
20,000,000. This is an amount of
money nearly equal to the value of the
grain crop tributary to Portland. Of
the value of the latter as a factor in
our trade, there is no question. It is
easily the most important among the
great, influences which give Portland
her prestige in the commercial world.
Thus understanding the value of the
Alaska trade, it seems strange that we
make so little effort to get into the
business. A number of energetic pro
moters and exploiters of publicity an
nually get out of the people nearly
enough 'money for carnivals, shows
and other attractions of a similar na
ture to maintain a regular steamship
line on the Alaska run, and with such
a line there would be no question
about some of the trade of that rich
country being diverted to this city.
There has always been a tendency
on the part of Portland people to
"drift" instead of indulging in the
more strenuous work of rowing when
they were headed for a commercial
goal. The "drifting" process has not
resulted in failure, for with it has
come more business than could be
handled with ease, and the incentive
to row for more has thus been de
stroyed. But Portland is in a position
where her business men could handle
more trade than Is now coming to
th6m without effort, and at present no
other trade field before them offers
such inducements an are to .be found
in Alaska. It is not alone the gold
output of Alaska that will in the near
future make that vast territory one of
the most prosperous of the American
possessions, but there are other re
sources of even greater value. The
extent of the copper deposits is so
great that, when developed, they will
by comparison dwarf those of the
Lake Superior and Montana mines,
and there are also In apparently un
limited quantities coal, oil, lead and
other mineral products beneath the
surface, with immense tracts of fine
timber above it.
Gold was the magnet which first
drew American settlers to the Pacific
Coast, and in the early days of the
discoveries in California it was, of
course, the one great factor in all
lines of business. But the develop
ment of other resources in later years
was so great that gold soon ceased to
hold its position of Importance, and
other resources came to the front.
Exactly the same kind of a change is
beginning to take place in Alaska, and
with it will come a greater. Alaska
trade than gold alone could ever pro
duce. Portland is In a position to get
some of this trade by going after it in
the proper manner. We produce and
have to sell practically everything of
which the Alaskans are in need, and
In return we could offer a market for
coal and oil of which there are im
mense quantities In Alaska.
THE GOSPEL OF ROSES.
The old superstition that there is
something singularly meritorious in a
long face and a sad demeanor is
passing away. Portland is perhaps
better rid of it than some Eastern
towns, but it is going everywhere. Here
one may say it is gone and we have
replaced it with the gladsome gospel
of happiness and health. Portland
and Oregon have accepted the faith
that it is a good thing to quit work
every once in a while and have a play.
We have learned that work, business,
money-making, are not by any means
the whole of life, but that there is an
other field where merry-making re
places care and jollity usurps the
throne of toll. Some time we may
carry the new belief to an excess, as
we did the old, dismal creed of unmit
igated drudgery, but at present there
is no danger of it. We may play a
good deal more than we do and still
have .time enough " left for serious
things. People who devote a goodly
part of their days to recreation actu
ally get more work done year, in and
year out than does the dull, incessant
The poor drudge is never at his best.
His faculties dwell in a perpetual
muddle because of - their unbroken
grind. . If he would forget his work,
his ambitions, his duty even, now and
then, and hie himself out upon the
street to gossip with the professional
idlers, well were it for him. If he
would buy an automobile and learn
how to wreath it in roses and bedeck
it with streamers for the next Rose
Festival, meanwhile cultivating the art
of steering it safely through the
streets. It would be good for his soul.
What we are in danger or as this new
gospel wins its way is not too much
gaiety, but forgetting that the joy of
living is not to be found so- much in
play for the sake of play as in work
which fills and delights the soul. Ib
sen's "Ghosts" is often spoken of as a
dreary play, but it teaches one lesson
which is altogether luminous. It Is
the lesson that the most genuine and
the deepest happiness comes from
work which captivates the whole man
and exercises all his powers.
Enviable is the man whose lot it Is
to do work of this kind. To him it is
more than play. It makes his life a
perpetual festival, not of roses alone,
but of all bright flowers and beauteous
things. Perhaps the time may some
time come when everybody will find
work which enlarges his soul, fulfills
his ambition and stimulates his pow
ers. But for most of us such work is
as much beyond hope as a million
aire's fortune. The majority must
earn their living, not by inspiring ef
fort, but by a daily grind; and 'unless
they can escaDe from It now and then
it transforms them from human be
ings into brutes. It deadens the in
tellect, it kills the soul. The over
wearied man cannot be virtuous. He
cannot be kindly until he is rested.
Rest and play to tne toiler are like
night to the world. Through them
the heart recovers its sympathies and
the mind solves its problems. No
body's brain Is idle at play, nor is the
People do not hatch rebellion dur
ing festivals. They do not conspire
against law and order when they are
pelting each other with roses. Dis
content germinates- in minds which
know neither rest nor joy. It flour
ishes in the hungry and grows strong
in those who toil Incessantly. Un
doubtedly the Creator made the world
to be a happy plate, our mistakes
and ,unkindness to one another have
gone far to enthrone misery in place
of joy, but we are doing our best in
these times of light to remedy matters.
It is better to Invent a Rose Festival
than to preach a sermon. It will do
more good, though sermons are well
enough in their place. We insist,
however, that It is useless to tell men
to be good so long aa they are un
happy. Make them joyful and they
will turn to righteousness as the hart
pants for the water brooks. Roses
are better than bayonets to cause citi
zens to love their rulers. Make men
happy and you make them patriotic
as well as righteous.
The new sect of the Bahalsts have a
belief that all our economic problems
can be solved by first making men
nure in heart. We think they put the
art before the horse. Their method
has been tried ever since time began
and the economic problems are still
with us and still unsolved. The better
gospel teaches us first to solve the eco
nomic problems and thereby we shall
give men a chance to become pure in
heart. Give them enough to eat, time
for play, leisure to love their wives
and father their families and you will
make good men and upright citizens
out of them. Make man joyous and
healthy and you will make him
righteous. Very likely our Rose Fes
tival managers are evangelists in a
new and better way than some who
make more pretensions. Their frolic
some gospel inculcates ideals of rest,
beauty and gay activity, which are
just the medicine this sick world
stands in need of. A ton of roses is
worth a whole planet of gloomy pre
cepts. One full, complete holiday is
better than a year of gloomy asceti
cism. Let us therefore repeat the
Rose Festival every Spring and make
each one merrier than the last.
EXIT THE GHOST.
The subject of spiritualism may per
haps be important enough to merit a
few words of comment. For this pur
pose we shall take as a text Mr.
Thomas N. Wagner's letter, which is
published today in another column of
The Oregonian. Mr. Wagner justly
infers that the reports of the Society
for Psychical Research will not supply
the kind, of evidence for which The
Oregonian has asked; that Is, evidence
of spirit communications. The soci
ety has published a great deal of mat
ter which proves that wonderful co
incidences are more common than
most of us have imagined; that at the
moment of death there is oftentimes a
rather startling transmission of Intel
ligence from dying men to their rela
tives or friends; and finally that
telepathy, or thought transference
without speech, is not a rare thing.
All this the Society for Psychical
Research seems to have established by
credible testimony, but not one iota
of evidence has it ever obtained which
goes to show that the spirit of the
dead communicate with the living, nor
does it make any such pretensions.
Indiscreet disciples of spiritualism
claim a great deal more for the results
of the society than It thinks of claim
ing for itself. In spite of the nature
of its work, the Society for Psychica'l
Research seems to be a sane body of
men which seeks only to discover the
truth. As for the medium whose
"demonstrations" in the Women of
Woodcraft Hall excite our friend's ad
miration, we have seen him and his
works and we have not been convert
ed. This may convince Mr. Wagner
that our skepticism is not honest, but
if it does we must make the best of the
calamity. The medium in question
pretends to" read sealed letters and
answer questions which they contain.
To test his veracity one person wrote
the following question In a sealed note:
"What was the name of my sister who
The medium picked up the note,
fingered it in his usual style, and with
out opening It gave the answer: "Very
fair." He then opened the note, saw
what a blunder he had made, and
hastily tore it up without further com
ment. The fact is that this question
was of exactly the kind which always
traps these deceivers, because It admit
ted of but a single definite, precise and
unequivocal answer. Most of the
questions they receive ask for some
sort of prophecy, or information about
lost articles, or vague advice. To
these the medium returns' first a hazy
response, without reading the note.
Then he befuddles the audience with
a flood of speech while he opens the
envelope and reads the question. Then
he revises his answer. If it is a pro
phecy, of course, nobody knows at the
time whether it is right or wrong.
The same may be said of information
about lost articles. If advice is want
ed, why advice is the easiest thing in
the world to give.
The medium in question had a num
ber of rather interesting tricks by
which he diverted attention and mud
dled his hearers while he fooled them,
but an attentive observer could see
through them easily enough. In one
case when the medium was being
watched a little more closely than he
liked he opened upon the annoying
critic with a tirade of abuse. Just as
such people always do when they are
likely to be caught. A critical, vigi
lant observer is the one sort of listener
whom they dislike and dread. But,
when all Is said, It must be admitted
that the medium to whom Mr. Wagner
refers does undoubtedly possess cer
tain telepathic powers. The use he
makes of them, however, is enough to
put self-respecting spiritualists to
Cheap- money is not very much in
evidence anywhere in the world today.
A few years ago the foreigners re
garded 3 per cent as a very satisfac
tory rate of interest, but the figure has
been steadily rising, and now it Is an
nounced that the new $100,000,000
loan which Russia is asking will bear
5 per cent. As It will hardly be float
ed at par, it will, of course cost the
Russians more than 5 per cent annu
ally to take care of it. That the
somewhat strained financial condition
of Russia is not responsible far the
trouble is apparent when it is remem
bered that Germany has been asked
to pay 5 per cent for her' recent flo
tations. In this country the over-subscriptions
to the Pennsylvania bonds
would Indicate that the situation is
fully as easy as It is with our neigh
bors across the water.
William L. Higgins is dead. In the
Spring of 1843 he first saw the site on
which the City of Portland is built.
He came to Oregon in the brig Che
namus. Captain John H. Couch, which
sailed from Newburyport, Mass., Sep
tember 1, 1S42, and arrived in the Co
lumbia in the earlv SDrintr of 1843.
Mr. Higgins came on the Chenamus
as carpenter of the vessel; from which
on her return he landed at Boston
coming back in 1849 to Oregon. He
was a contractor in Portland for many
years, and superintended the construe
tion of the present postofflce building
in 1SIJ-I4, and later, the construction
of the First Presbyterian Church, at
Twelfth and Alder streets. No one
now living saw the site of Portland as
early as Mr. Higgins saw it' William
Johnson, an Englishman, who had an
Indian wife, was the only resident here
at that day. He had a cabin at a spot
in South Portland, about whose exact
site there is some disDute. It Is
known, however, that It was in the vi
cinity of Caruthers street.
It Is said there will be an effort
throughout the West to present the
name of John Hays Hammond to the
Republican convention for the Vice-
Presidency. Mr. Hammond is a na
tive of California, is well known in Ore
gon, where he has been a frequent
visitor, and now is a resident of Glou
cester, Mass. He has a world-wide
reputation as a mining and architec
tural engineer, and possesses extensive
knowledge of commercial and eco
nomic problems. He has been a great
traveler, and knows the world as well
as any man living. The nomination
of such a man would be a novelty
that is to say, a departure from the
ordinary course of politics, and for
that reason, not less than from the
worth of the man, would be worth
There are still a few small bar iron
manufacturers who escaped the drag
net of the steel trust, and some of
these have had the audacity actually
to cut prices to harmonize with the
changed conditions in other 'lines of
business. The steel trust also deals in
bar iron, and has been obliged to fol
low the cut, because some of the trust
concerns were being affected. Judge
Gary, of the steel trust, however, ex
plains that "it will not affect prices
generally, noV Interfere with the move
ment in favor of the stability of busl
ness conditions." The "business con
ditions" he refers to are undoubtedly
those of steel rails and other products
in which the small bar Iron men can
not interfere. - If in doubt as to the
"stability of business conditions," ask
the steel trust.
Nearly 1,000,000 pounds of wool
were sold by the growers at Shaniko,
Tuesday, at prices ranging from 9
cents to 14 cents per pound. These
figures show a decline of about 3" per
cent compared with last year's re
turns, but the woolgrowers philosoph
ically accepted them in preference to
holding for higher prices. They may
have profited by the experience of the
hopmen, who would not sell when the
hops were ready for market last Fall
and wo afterwards were obliged to
accept lower figures. Or it is possible
that the woolmen have less gambling
blood than Is found In the hopmen,
who plunged on the long side of the
market by holding their entire crop
for a figure that was not reached.
The Albany Democrat nowadays
finds a great deal of fault with The
Oregonian, which is nothing new," and
not especially disconcerting to The
Oregonian. But just consider the un
happy plight of the Democrat. The
Oregonian arrives at Albany before 6
A. M., and the Democrat appears on
the streets ten hours later, as a rule,
though the hour varies with the hu
mor of the lone Democrat printer and
the Industry of the office devil. Be
fore noon, however, everybody has
read The Oregonian and nobody need
hunt up the Democrat to read the
news reprinted from The Oregonian.
No wonder the Democrat is troubled
We have long been waiting for a
definition, and now we have it.
"Life," says a new work on "The Ori
gin of Life," "In its simplest sense con
sists of metabolic processes and cata
lytic actions, such as. those that occur
not merely In radioactive bodies, but
in phosphorescent and luminous bod
ies generally." This looks all right,
but we should feel more sure and bet
ter satisfied about it if we had the
Judgment of the people on it through
the referendum. Will not Mr. ITRen
draw up the papers?
"The Democrats," say the Iowa
dispatches, "voted in large numbers at
the Republican primaries." Shame on
them! Who ever heard of such a
thing except in Oregon?
Everybody will wish Senator Bourne
a pleasant journey to Europe, and a
long stay. But why not vary the mo
notony of Senatorial existence by an
excursion to Portland?
"Of course," says Congressman Lan
dis, a friend of Fairbanks, "if the Chi
cago convention should nominate the
President and then adjourn, he would
have to take it." Why?
John Hays Hammond, who wants to
be Vice-President, has, it is said, an
annual income of $800,000. He's eli
gible to run on any ticket.
The returns on the recall amend
ment make interesting reading, no
doubt, in the office of the State Treas
urer. "Silent" Smith, the New York mil
lionaire, left aver $21,000,000 to his
heirs. He let his money do the talk
ing. Marion County is wet, the Legisla
ture -will meet in January, and House
bill No. 104 still lives.
After all, Portland has contrived to
show a rose or two.
IS THIS GOOD EVIDENCE?
Experience One Man Has Had With
PORTLAND. Or.. June 3. (To the Ed
itor.) Your editorial pertaining to a
letter which you call Bcurrilous calls for
the writer of the letter to "trot out the
evidence," I am not a spiritualist,
neither am I the writer of. the letter;
therefore you are not bound to print this
otherwise than as a matter of favor. I
have heard what to me seems to be first
class "evidence," and herewith will write
one or two Instances. By the way, the
records of the London Society for Psy
chical Research have many sworn in
stances of spirit . communication. The
last "Quarterly Review" of the Theo
sophieal Society also gives one or two
caFes, merely to show the evils of such
practice. These cases are attested to by
"competent observers," but that sort is
evidently not what you are after.
You could have saved yourself much
vehemence by visitins, free of charge, a
certain mediums' demonstrations at the
Women of Woodcraft Hall. Tenth and
Taylor, during the past month. To watch
him at his work an hour, will convert
any honest skeptic Into an honest Inves
tigator. He did not stand in collusion
with the audience. I know he does not
secretly hire each person in the hall to
He. because he never offered to hire me
nor the acquaintance who was with me.
I cannot see where his method of answer
ing sealed questions is identical with
Hermann's, because Hermann will not
stand down among the auditors, while
reading, and will not hand back the en
velope to the person who wrote it, un
opened, after he has read it. The me
dium of whom I speak picks up the en
velope, marked so that the writer recog
nizes it does not claim to read it word
for word, but says he gets the meaning
of it and answers it to the satisfaction
of the questioner. In every instance he
named relatives, both living and dead,
of the questioner, and these names were
never included in the written question.
As a rule, the questions were handed
back either unopened, or opened only
after having been answered. This me
dium, to prove that there Is no secret
agreement between him" and his audi
tors, offers at every meeting to give
$5000 to anyone who can prove to a fair
Jury that he produces his phenomena by
fraudulent methods. He has Just de
parted for Europe, but if he ever comes
back, try to find time to see him at his
work. There will be a sufficient num
ber of persons present to witness a con
tract between you and the medium, to
the end that he will pay you J5000 if
you will demonstrate where he employs
trickery. You could use the money In
founding a society for the disproval of
spirit phenomena. Slater does no "ma
terializing." I have never seen a genuine
materialized spirit, and believe with you
that those who claim to produce any In
variably do their work by fraud.
The. first time I went to see this man
at work, he told me In front of -a crowd
of 800 that I was acquainted In a pecu
liar business way with a man named
Goodnough. Jee Double Oh Dee Enn Oh
You Jee Altch. Without any intimation
that I would be paid for saying yes, he
asked me If this .was so. Goodnough was
my music teacher at the time, so I said
yes, anyway. Two weeks before the
Mystic Shrlners held their convention last
year, at Los Angeles, he told a lady
present at the same meeting with me
that she had in mind to attend the con
vention. He asked her if he was right,
and she answered in the affirmative.
Then he told her that she might go,
but that on the same day her train
passed through Southern California there
would be a wreck of a trainload of Mys
tic Shriners from the East. Approxi
mately 35 would be killed, and he said
It would happen in Southern California.
Your Oregonian file for May. 1907. can
stand for proof as to the truth of his
prophecy. The lady to whom he told
these things about two weeks before the
Honda wreck is now back in Portland,
and, I am sure, will affirm, if you wish,
what I have said. She says that there
was a short article in one of the papers
here, pertaining to the prophecy, shortly
after the wreck.
In spite of what I say, I side with you
In this, that the business of "clairvoy
ance" is, as a whole, a vicious humbug.
There are but a half dozen or so of
really good clairvoyants In the world.
And even they have a hard time to make
a living when they wish , to work with
out trickery. That condition Is owing
to the colossal frauds which are imposed
every day on the. people, in the name of
spiritualism and clairvoyance.
Having written thus far, I feel dissatis
fied, as there is nothing in this letter
which can be explained only by saying
that the spirits of the dead knew the
things spoken of. and communicated
them fo the medium. He. the medium,
producing phenomena daily which hun
dreds of people will witness to be genu
ine, decidedly places all responsibility ror
the things he says on the spirits of deaff
people. Others there are. among tnem
many "scientists" who affirm the genu
ineness of this sort of phenomena, but
place the responsibility on obscure men
tal and nervous functions of living
people, which latter hypothesis is too
ambiguous for- the dyed-ln-the-wool
A very small percentage of intellectual
people have written books which among
other things support spirit communica
tion as possible. These books say that,
considered per se. spirit communication
is demoralizing. They would give us to
understand that there is a class of souls
far in advance of the masses, who are
using the spiritualists and spiritualism
as a means to an end. And only in this
light do they consider it Justifiable. Their
end" seems to be, that mankind come
to their level by studying and under
standing the laws by which these abnor
mal results- are produced. From their
standpoint, the spiritualists are, without
knowing it, a department held together
for their service.
THOS. N. WAGNER.
Woe of Widowhood In India.
The Indian papers record a curious
case arising out of the terrible custom
of infant marriage in that country. The
daughter of Justice Mookerjee, a learned
Hindu, was married when she was under
10 years of age. and she became a widow
two months after the ceremony. Though
he could not resist the 'early marriage
custom sanctioned by his creed, the
Judge stood out against that other cus
tom which condemns tne child-widow
to lifelong misery in her dead husband's
family, and he determined to have her
married again. Tne husband's relatives
claimed and obtained a power of guard
ianship over the child, but beiore it could
be exercised the second marriage had
taken place, nnd there is to be a legal
struggle to determine precisely how the
claims of the dead husband's family can
be reconciled with the living husband s
rights. The Judge's action will have the
support of many Hindus who are eager
to break down a custom tnat condemns
thousands of young girls to a life that
is almost worse than slavery. But the
nower of the older schools of thought is
great, and British lawmakers and ad
ministrators, though deploring the -evils
of infant marriage, must shrink from
interference wtih customs which claim to
have religious sanction.
Like the surjre of the sea round Sulu's lslee.
When the morning sun on Melon smiles.
Was the throng: that came, by lure and
To the un-keyed city of the wonder West;
To the city where wealth and culture meet
In e&la dress on Commerce street.
The crush was great, the crowd was gay.
Till the sun went down at the close of day.
Put ere the sun went'down was heard
The thunder feet and the vocal word ,
Of twelve-score hundred come to greet
The "Spirit of the West" on Portland's
DARWIN H. HAWK1.NS.
Unprecedented Demonstration in London by 50,000 Hopgrowers From
Various Parts of the Kingdom.
Cablegrams from London, May IS, con
tained a brief account of the great meeting
In Trafalgar Square, called to show public
sentiment in favor of national protection for
the hop industry. Following Is the report
of the IXiijy Express, which declares tiuit
It was the most Impressive sight London
has witnessed In many years:
"This is not a demonstration against
the Government. It Is a demonstration
to the Government that our industry is
sore pressed, and that something must be
done to pull it out of the mire."
London has never before seen such a
Trafalgar Square demonstration as that
from Hopland on Saturday.
Fifty thousand pien and women whose
livelihood depends wholly or partly on
the growth of English hops assembled In
the presence of 50.000 spectators, and
passed, with great enthusiasm, a resolu
tinon demanding a duty of 40s a hundred
weight on imported foreign hors.
It was the most impressive sight that
London has witnessed for many years an
army of men and' women nearly three
miles long marching in defense of their
industry, and solemnVy protesting against
the continuance of a system of "dump
ing," which has already resulted in a
loss of millions of money to the English
hop industry. In the "grubbing" of thou
sands of acres of hop fields, in the loss
of employment to thousands of farm
workers and many more thousands of
hop pickers and which threatens to com
plete the ruin of the whole industry with
in a few years.
It was unprecedented, for the demon
strators, who came from Kent. Sussex,
Hampshire, Worcestershire, Herfordshire,
Staffordshire and London, were actuated
by no party motive; there were Liberals
and Unionists marchig side by side, seek
ing to make no political profit, but united
in their demand that the Government of
the day shall protect their trade against
cheap foreign Imports.
(ireat Object Lesson.
Its numbers, its sincerity. Its immense
enthusiasm utterly astonished the enor
mous concourse of people who watched
the progression of the army of delegates
from Southwark to Trafalgar Square.
"London is on our side," said Mr. Albert
Banister, the organizer and chairman of
the London and Provincial Hop Growers'
and Pickers' Defense League, as he drove
at the head of the great procession along
the Embankment. The cheers of the
crowds who lined the Embankment justi
fied the claim. From Blackfriars Bridge
to Northumberland avenue the procession
passed between countless thousands of
people, and everywhere the demonstrators
were greeted with encouraging cries.
Not the least significant fact of the
day was that the balcony of the National
Liberal Club was lined with members,
presumably supporters of the G.ern
ment, who waved their hats and cheered
the procession' as it passed. They evi
dently recognized that free dumping of
hops is not the last word in politics.
But if London was astonished, the or
ganizers of the demonstration were them
selves surprised at the wonderful way in
which Hopland answered to their call.
They estimated that 30,000 people .would
take part in the demonstration. It is safe
to say that 50.000 Is a moderate estimate
of the actual number who either took
part in the march or joined the demon
stration In the square. The contingents
from the various counties were lurger
'than was expected, and thousands of
London hopplckers fell In along the route,
or helped to swell the enormous multitude
in the square.
It was the most picturesque demon
stration that London has ever seen. This
is how the procession was made up:
Kent and Sussex J2 ooo
Worcester and Hereford 2fc()
London hop trade . . . l.noo
South Ixindon pickers i.Ho
Bast London pickers , :l.ooi)
other Ixmdon pickers 2.'o
Allied trades . . . :
Wusom of women and children..."..' Ui0
No such army of sturdy, sun-tanned
countrymen has ever marched through
London before. They came in their
tweeds and their broadcloth farmers
leading the men of the spade and the
plough, old men with grey beards and
broad-brimmed soft felt hats, with thick
sticks to help them along, young men
swinging along with their country gait,
unused to the smooth pavements of the
There were hundreds of country women,
too, as much amazed at the extraordinary
crowds they saw as the crowds wore to
see their round and smiling country faces.
Thousands of tha demonstrators' had
never been in London before, but all
seemed to realize the importance of the
march they were making to the future
of the industry In which their lives have
been spent in the fields of Kent and Sus
sex and the Midland shires.
It was a procession decked with the
emblem of its trade. Every one of the
thousands of marchers wore a buttonhole
of green hop blossom and leaves. Hun
dreds bore aloft bunches of hops, green
or golden, tied to the ends of poles. Hun
dreds more carried on poles bunches of
hop vine roots, "grubbed up" In conse
quence of the dumping of hops from the
Continent and tha United States. These
were pieces of evidence which told the
whole story to the crowds of onlookers
without need, of words.
But there were hundreds of banners
which, by their reiteration, drove home
Into every mind the purpose of the dem
onstration. Their common motto was:
"We demand a 40s duty on imported
No procession was ever better organ
ized. The main body, consisting of the .
.Kent and Sussex men, and the Borough
hop trade contingent, were marshalled in
Southward street. They formed ud six
abreast and stretched from the Hop Ex
change to Blackfriars Bridge, with a mile
of detachments in other streets waiting
to fall In behind.
Captain Simpson, the grand marshal,
his ten chief marshals and 100 sub
marshals, did their work so admirably
that not a single hitch occurred, and
about three o'clock the head of the
great procession moved over Black
By this time the whole of the route'
through the borough and along the
Embankment was crowded with on
lookers, and thousands of people were
already gathered in Trafalgar square.
With bands playing and banners fly
ing the great procession advanced
slowly along the Embankment, hedged
in by thousands of sympathetic Lon
doners. Crowds of working men on
their way home stood to cheer the
So many banners have rarely been
seen in a march through London be
fore. Each division of a county had
its own chief banner at its head, and
each district or village carried its own
sign, with its name and motto em
blazoned for all to see. Thus there
was no question where the demonstra
tors came from.
Kent led the way, and Sussex fol
lowed next. Paddock Wood came first,
with a large two-handled banner hav
ing a painted picture of a hop garden
in one part and a grisly skull and
cross-bones in the other. In a black
hordered square were the words: "In
loving memory of the hop gardens of
old England." On a white banner was
the phrase: "We want employment,
not charity." The local humorists had
provided still another banner with a
large picture of the old White Horse
of Kent sitting decrepit on a chair
with a bottle of medicine labeled "40s.
duty" held out to him.
Then came the Minister and Monk
ton men, from the Isle of Thanet. with
the device: "We ask the Government
for a 40s. duty on foreign hops."
At Trafalgar Square.
It was nearly 5 o'clock before it was
FOR DUTY ON HOPS
possible to begin the speaking from
the platforms on the plinth of Nelson's
column, anil even then the marchers
had not all reached the square. .
The square hy this time presented
an extraordinary spectacle. Not only
was tiie great space around the col
umn and the statues and fountains full
of people, but the roadways all uround
were packed. At least lOn.iino people
were within sight of the Nelson col
umn. Scores of the leading men in tho hop
industry stood on the lodges of the
plinth of Nelson's column. A large
banner, with the motto. "England ex
pects that foreign hops will have to
pay a duty." was hoisted above their
heads against the base of the column.
Scores of banners floated over tho
heads of the multitude in front. In
the center was one with the words:
"And shall hops picked by Chinamen
Make England's hop trale die?
Here's ne.ooo Kentish men
Will know the reason why."'
By this time the great demonstra
tion had all but fulfilled its purpose,
and It only remained for the. chosen
speakers to explain in a few words tho
demand which a hundred banners pro
claimed. From three sides of the plinth
speeches were made. Four men spoke
from each side for five minutes each.
Mr. Willidm Winch, a hop-farmer,
from the Weald of Kent, moved this
"That this great meeting of dele
gates and representatives of all classes
connected with the English hop indus
try views with consternation tha
continuous and alarming reduction
of the English hop acreage and tho
ruin of an industry of great national
importance. It calls upon the govern
ment, without delay, to take step3 not
only to prevent any further reduction
but to help to reinstate the acreage,
which has already been grxibbed, by
adopting the remedy of an import dutv
of 40s. per hundred weight upon all
imported foreign hops, which is so
unanimously demanded by the indus
try. "This meeting wishes to impress
upon the government the fact that the
hop Industry maintains the greatest
proportionate amount of labor on tho
land. and urges that sympathetic
treatment he given to those, workers
from London and other large towns
who annually obtain remunerative
employment and a most healthful
change for themselves and their chil
dren In tho hop gardens of England.
Further, that this resolution shall bo
forwarded to the Select Committee, tha
members of the government, and the
leaders of the oppositon In both houses
At the sound of a bugle the resolu
tion was then put to the multitude and
carried with thundering cheers.
Thousands of hats were waved in the
air, and people on tho steps of the Na
tional gallery and St. Martin's church
waved their handkerchiefs. Such a
spectacle lias probably never been seen
in the' square before.
Then "Rule, Britannia" was sung by
the whole multitude, followed by "God
Save the King," the music being
played by the Southwark Prize Band,
which was stationed on the plinth.
Finally the thousands of demonstra
tors sang "Auld Lang Sync."
Thus ended the most remarkable
demonstration held n Trafalgar Square
for many years. The demonstrators
from the country returned by special
trains during the evening. '
A Crtrl .Mentally Reversed.
A girl of 14, who lives in the North
of England, has a peculiarity of men
tal development which is puzzling; doc
tors. She cannot learn as other chil
Though quick In conversation nnd at
games, she hardly knows t.he letters of
the alphabet properly, though she has
been at school for many years. When
asked to write she takes a pencil in
her left hand, and, starting from tho
right-hand side of the paper, goes la
boriously across it, writing each letter
the wrong way about. She declares
she cannot write any other way. Also
she can pick out the letters of tho
alphabet easily when they are written
the wrong way around, hut with the
greatest difficulty when they ara
rightly formed. As with letters, so
with figures. She puts them down from
right to left, gravely draws a line and
proceeds to a desperate and quito
hopeless attempt to add. She is not
left-hand in the ordinary sense of tho
term. If she passes anything or any
thing is offered to her she uses her
right hand. Yet when In the school
room she was asked where" a certain
villager lived she immediately pointed
with her right hand in the oppo.iito di
rection, though she knew well where
the house was located. Externally this
young person is like any other 14-year-old
girl, except thnt her eyes are
slightly crossed. She is quiet and
obedient and seems anxious to learn.
French Chemical Scarecrow.
According to recent experiments by
Stanislas Tetard, a widely-known
French agriculturist, wheat and other,
cereals can be protected against tho
ra.vages of crows, which are particu
larly fond of the grain when is
sprouts are Just pushing above tho
ground, by treating the seeds before
they are sown with a mixture of coal
tar, petroleum and phenlc acid. This
treatment, which delays the growth of
the seed for a day or two. but causes
no damage. Imparts an odor which is
insufferable to the crows, but which
disappears after tho sprouts have at
tained a larger growth, when they are
no longer subject to attack.
Village Scarecrow, 30 Cents Dally,
London Dally Mail.
As he stands out there in the middle
of that Suffolk field, there is little to
show that he is not the ordinary Inani
mate scarecrow. He stands motionless
for five minutes at a time, and only
when a bird is tempted by the fresh
corn just appearing above the ground
does he show any sign of life. But then
It is that the scarecrow moves; he hits
an old tin can with the rusty handle of
a shovel and frightens the birds and
makes them fly quickly out of sight.
So he spends ills day, this old. bent
man, and at the end he is paid IS
pence (.16 cents). Ho is the village
Portland! Dost thou know the favors,
Naturo hath bestowed on thee?
Dost thou see the seentn Rrandeur
With which she's surrounded thee?
Whlte-rohed mountains, ijreen-clad hills,
Fertile valleys, limpid rills.
And within thy spacious borders
What a wealth of beauty's there,
Fracrant flowerB and brilliant rotes
With their incense charge the air
Home of rosea, roses rare,
Portland's roses, none so fair.
Bright, green foliage shades thy homes,
Feather'd sonicsters charm the ear;
Gentle zephyrs through thee roam
Fanning cheeks divinely fair.
Rosy mornings, waking, greet.
Rosy evninKS, soothe to sleep.
And thy river, mighty art'ry.
Nature's highway to the sea,
Bourne upon its deep, wide water.
World-wide commerce co:nes to thee;
iShlps and schooners, sail and steam,
Crowd thy port with busy scenes.
Portland, June 1.