Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 17, 1908)
VOL. XLVIII. XO. 14,733.
PORTLAND, OREGON, - MONDAY, FEBRUARY 17, 1908.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
. NATIONAL TICKET
FOR HEARST MEN
VERY LIKELY TO DROP BRYAN
Strength of Third Party In
sures Republican Success.
LEAGUE'S GROWTH RAPID
Fusion Suggested In New York With
Independents Dictating to Dem
ocrats Yellow Editor Flans
for Presidency in 1012.
NEW YORK. Feb. 16. (Special.) The
National committee of the Independence
league will meet In Chicago on Wash
ington's Birthday. At that time a call
will be Issued for a National convention,
which will select candidates for Presi
dent and Vice-President. In many of the
Northern states, full state and local
tickets will be placed in the field.
Republican politicians. who have
watched recent developments with, inter
est, declare this means that thoy will
have a walkover in practically every
Northern state that might by any possi
bility be considered doubtful. Up to a
few days ago it looked as if the League
would do nothing: except indorse the
nomination of Bryan by the Democratic
League's Strength Growing.
Within the past few days, however,
there has been renewed activity all along
the line by the League men, and the
boast is made that the new party will
have a platform and a ticket peculiarly
There are two explanations for this:
one Is that Hearst has definitely broken
with Bryan; the other is that the League
leader regards Bryan's defeat as a cer
tainty, and wants to be in a position to
make trouble for a "conservative" can
didate. At the present writing, the position of
the League is as follows:
In New York State, it is entitled to a
place on the official ballot, owing to the
fact that It polled over 10.000 votes for
Hearst in Its column in November, 1906.
In Massachusetts, not only are tne
league men on the ballot, but they are
fighting in the courts to establish their
claim to second place, which would give
them one-halt of the election patronage,
a very valuable asset.
In California and Illinois, there are In
dependence league organizations of more
than a year's standing.
Hearst Is T'ndecided.
Organizers who have been at work re
cently claim to have established an or
ganization of Independents in these
Indiana (where a state committee was
formed), Iowa, New Jersey., Rhode
Inland, Wisconsin, Connecticut, Pennsyl
vania, Vermont, Delaware, Tennessee,
Georgia, Colorado and Texas.
Outside of" Indiana, where & largely
advertised meeting was held in Indian
apolis, the work of the League organ
izers has attracted but little newspaper
notice. - A number of men are on the
road now, however, and the claim is
made that by the time the "National
committee" meets, moat of the states
will be represented by men of standing
in their community.
Whether William Randolph Hearst will
head his party's ticket or not, is a prob
lem that has not yet been solved, except
perhaps in the Inner circle of the
Leaguers. The general Impression is
that he will run as usual, although some
of his advisors toll him that it would be
better to let some one else be defeated
this year and then get into the lime
light in 1912.
Demoeruts Are Apprehensive.
Local Democratic leaders recognize
that the advent of the League Into Na
tional politics means personal disaster,
and they are doing the best they can to
In 1907. an off year, the Leaguers polled
1I5.000 votes for two practically unknown
candidates for Judges of the Court of
Appeals. If they can hold even 50 per
cent of this for a third party ticket. It
means that the Democratic nomination
for Governor will be an empty honor.
Realizing this fact, an effort has been
mado of late to induce Hearst to arrange
a fusion with the Democrats, he to have
one-half of the state offices and patron
age. At the coming election the voters of
New York Slate will select a Governor,
IJeutenant-Governor, Secretary of State,
Attorney-General. Controller, State
Treasurer, a State Knginecr and Sur
veyor. 51 Senators and 150 Assembly
men, besides a number of Judges In New
York and Kings County, and minor of
ficials throughout the state.
Si-heme to Divide Spoils.
The original proposition was that
the ticket should be headed by a Demo
crat, and the other offices divided
equally, Hearst to have first choice of
A second suggestion was that Hearst
should name four of the candidates, the
Democratic convention to first select
tho three offices it desired.
Another proposition was that Hearst
'Tould pii'k the Gubernatorial candl-
us, with the proviso that he be lim
ited in his choice to the state officials
now in power, who were elected by the
Democratic-Independence League fu
sion of 1908.
Some of the Hearst men propose a
fusion on the basis of two years ago.
At that time the Independence League
named the aspirants for Governor,
Lieutenant-Governor and Secretary of
State, without any suggestion on the
part of their Democratic allies.
It is an Interesting fact that since
that time Hearst has been deserted by
both Lieutenant-Governor Chanler and
Secretary of State Whalen. In fact, his
only ardent supporter in the state ad
ministration today is Attorney-General
Jackson, nominated as a "sterling Dem
ocrat" by State Chairman "Fingy" Con
ners, of Buffalo.
Jackson Slaking Demands.
Jackson naturally thinks that Hearst
should support him for Governor, and
he has not neglected to say so. His
friends point out that his office is
filled with Independence League men.
William Deaa Unwell, American
Novelist, 111 With Slight Attack of
Influenza Id Rome.
and that in naming receivers for the
Brooklyn banks which went up a few
months ago he provided comfortable
berths for a number of friends of
Lieutenant-Governor Chanler Is now
anxious to be promoted and to stay at
Albany. His Presidential boom has
"busted," and he is willing- to have the
support of Hearst. So is Secretary of
State John Whalen, the only eimon
pure labor man elected on the pe
culiar, combination ticket, which adds
particular luster to the administration
of Governor Hughfs. " "
Whalen has recently been working up
a Gubernatorial boom. Up to date he
has not met with great success. It is
a certainty that Hearst is not anxious
to see Whalen exalted.
Able to Dictate Terms.
A League man who stands high in the
councils of his party, declares that the
Independents are not anxious for a
fusion, and will not consent to it unless
the terms are distinctly favorable.
"We have hurt ourselves badly by
flitting around from the Democrats to
the Republicans," he said. "In my
opinion, it would be advisable for us to
steer clear of an? alliances.
"It is a certainty that the Democrats
cannot win without us. Therefore, why
should we help them unless we receive
"I believe we should be accorded the
privilege of naming the Governor, Attorney-General,
Controller and one
other officer, preferably the State En
gineer and Surveyor. In addition to
that we should be given the Senate and
Assembly nominations In one-half of
the sure Democratic districts, and an
equal division in the others.
"These terms majr seem excessive,
but really they are no more than fair.
fusion Spells Success.
"Wit a our ticket in the field, backed
by over 200,000 votes, mostly Demo
cratic, the election will be decided be
fore the polls are opened.
"I would not be surprised to see our
party second in the race. Personally,
I am against fusion; but I would be
willing to accept it, if we got the
best of it." i
This explains why there is such a
deep feeling of sorrow in local Demo
cratic circles nowadays.
EXPLOSION OF FOUNTAIN
MAX LIGHTS MATCH DRINKING
STRUCTURE BLOWS UP.
Concussion Is Terrific and Three Are
Injured Caused by Gas Leak
ing From the Main.
DENVER, Colo., Feb. 18. (Specials
While passing along Sixteenth street. In
the heart of the city this afternoon, Dr
Samuel Rothschilds stopped beside a
public drinking fountain and struck a
match to light a cigar. A terrific explo
sion followed and fragments of the heavy
iron fountain flew in every direction. Dr.
Rothschilds' right leg was horribly man
gled and he was otherwise several in
jured. A woman who was near him had nearly
all her clothing torn off and was thrown
to the sidewalk with great force. A bi
cycle rider was upset and his wheel
wrecked. Several other persons were
Gas from a street main had leaked into
the base of the fountain and was pouring
out of the faucet when the doctor struck
Novelist Howells III.
ROME, Feb. 16.-William Dean Howells,
the American novelist, is suffering from a
slight attack of influenza.
Y FLEET WILL
GO TD THE ORIENT
Uncle Sam to Protect
Entity of China.
ULTERIOR MOVE BEHIND CRUISE
United States Will Take Hand
in Far Eastern Question.
WARNING TO THE JAPANESE
America Will Object to Gobbling of
Munchnria by Mikado Hay's Note
to Powers Basis of Diplomatic
Concern in This Country.-
WASHINGTON, Feb. 16. (Special.)
The - question of preserving "Chinese
territorial and administrative entity" has
suddenly assumed new. importance in
the eyes of the diplomatic world In con
nection with the cruise of the American
battle fleet to the Pacific especially since
it became an assured fact that the fleet
is to proceed to the Orient soon after
reaching San Francisco.
Several months ago it was stated that
certain Interests closely in touch with
commercial affairs In China professed to
be informed that the real significance of
the fleet's movement to the Pacific had
to do with affairs affecting the Flowery
Kingdom, and that In "time heir state
ment of the case would be Justified. Al
ways the well-informed have been aware
that there was something if nothing
more than a remote contingency aside
from the practice features of the cruise
involved. A popular impression has been
that the Immigration question was be-
rhind it all. The immigration question
now is practically settled, but there is to
be no change in the programme of send
ing the fleet under Admiral Evans to the
Manchurian Problem Looms.
But there are other affairs of , far
reaching importance which are likely to
engage the diplomats in the near future.
The Manchurian question will supply
work for Baron Takahira, the new Jap
anese Ambassador, before he has been
established long at his new post, and so
far as this country Is concerned the pres
ence of a big fleet In Asiatic waters may
strengthen the hands of our Government
in the diplomatic negotiations that are
The foundations of the potential diplo
matic conflict that is indicated by cer
tain developments as far as the United
States Is concerned were laid by the late
Secretary of State John Hay nearly
eight years ago, during the Boxer out
break in North China. As far as Japan
Is concerned, the foundations were laid
ages ago. When Secretary Hay addressed
his famous note of July 3. 1900, to the
different powers diplomatically repre
sented in the beseiged legations at
Pekin, he secured from all, including
Japan, a substantial agreement with the
policy he outlined In these words:
Hay's Terse Demands.
The policy of the Government of the
United States is to seek a solution which
may bring about permanent safety and
peace to China, preserve Chinese territorial
and administrative entity, protect all rights
guaranteed to friendly powers by treaty and
international law, and safeguard for the
world's people equal and impartial trade
with all parte of the Chinese empire.
To this declaration, Berlin, London,
Paris, Rome, St. Petersburg and Tokio
adhered. The weakness of the United
States' position is that the agreement
thus made was never put In the form
of solemnly ratified treaties. But the
fact Is that that agreement is now seri
ously and openly menaced by one of Jts
principal signatories, Japan, and the
question now faclDg this Government is,
what shall be done about It? - For Japan
has determined to make Manchuria her
own. She will do It peacefully, If she
can. But, when the peaceful efforts fall,
she will, it is declared, resort to force,
unless she Is met at tho threshold by an
overwhelming show of force In opposi
tion. OFFICER FELLED BY THUG
Robber Answers Order to Halt With
Shower of Bullets.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 16.-Policema
Edward Mills was shot and' severely
wounded at 10 o'clock tonight by a high
way robber who had Just left a victim
lying unconscious on the street. While
standing at the corner of Golden Gate
avenue and Taylor street, a young man
approached the officer and told him that
a hold -up had just taken place near by.
The officer saw a man running and com
manded him to halt. Instead, the fugi
tive turned and fired two shots, one of
which struck Officer Mills In the right
shoulder. The officer fired two shots at
the fleeing man in return, but failed to
The highwayman had held up F. C.
Thompson, a bartender, within four
blocks of the central police station, and,
after rendering him unconscious with a
blow on the head with a blunt instru
ment, had rifled his pockets.
A young man giving the name of
James Johnson was captured shortly
after the shooting on Turk street. He
disclaimed all knowledge of the old-up,
but admitted he shot Policeman Mills.
Robbed or $380 in Cash.
LOS ANGELES, Feb. 16.-E. J. Rost, of
Missoula, Mont., one of the members of
EVENTS OF COMING WEEK
Biuy Week AhwuL
Developments in. th Macedonian
question; the arrival of the American
battleship fleet At Callao, Peru; the re
assembling on Thuisday of the Portu
guese Chamber of Deputies at Lis
bon, when King Manuel will take
oath; political conventions and speech
fnaklns by Secretary Taft, Governor
Hughe and others, are among the
events which will engage public at
m tention during the week.
Congress will give Ha time this week
to bills already before it. The Sen
ate will continue Its consideration of t
the financial bill, while the House will
proceed with the appropriation bills.
Senator Aldrlch Is hopeful of secur
ing a, ballot on his bill by the close of
the present month.
Pollt Icians Are Active.
Two state conventions will be held
for the selection of delegates to the
Democratic National Convention at
Denver. Kansas Democrats will meet
at Hutchinson on Friday and on the
day following those of Oklahoma will
gather at Kuskogee.
Secretary Taft will address the
Young Men's Republican Club at Nsw
Haven, Conn., on Monday. Tuesday
he expect to speak in Concord and
Manchester, N. H. Wednesday even
ing he will speak at I .owe 11, Mass. On
Sunday he speaks at Buffalo. Gov
ernor Hughes' engagements for the
week include an address at the annual
dinner of the Albany Republican Club
and a speech at the annual banquet at
the Union league Club at Chicago on
Fleet at Callao, February 29.
' The American battleship fleet Is
due at Callao, Peru, the next port
of call, on Thursday, and will remain
there until February 29.
A decision In tha suit Instituted
by Stuyvesant Fish to restrain the
- voting of 231,631 shares of stock In the
Illinois Central Railroad Company at
the annual meeting of that corpora
tion is expected to be announced In
Chicago on Thursday.
the Inland Empire Excursionists, has re
ported to the police that shortly after
his arrival here he was robbed by pick
pockets of $380 in cash and drafts.
PLIGHT OF 19 SHIPWRECKED
Fishing-Boat Goes Ashore Near Ya
kutat Ship Jeanie Attempts Res
cue, but Sea Runs Too High.
. SEATTLK, Waahr-V IVb.' W.-Cast
ashore on Malaspina Glacier near Yaku
tat, Alaska. November 6, after a severe
sale last 72 hours. 19 members of the
Japanese fishing schooner Satsuma Mam
lived in a camp at the foot of the glacier
for three months. Then nine of them es
caped in their sampan to Yakutat, where
the ship Jeanie was hailed.
The Jeanie went to the glacier that
afternoon. With seven sailors the Jap
anese sampan, wjilch was towed to the
glacier by the Jeanie, put off towards
the beach to rescue their comrades. The
Jeanie's big lifeboat followed in the wake
of the sampan, but did not approach the
The sampan had hardly entered the
surf when it was rolled over repeatedly
Four of the men were picked up uncon
scious by the lifeboat and taken back
to the ship a mile away. The officers of
the Jeanie saw the oastastrophe and the
shipwrecked men on shore rushed into
the sea and took out the bodies of the
Other three sailors. Whether they are
alive or dead Is not known. The Jeanie
stood off for two hours, but the sea was
running so high that no boat could live
to pass the surf. A revenue cutter has
sailed to the glacier to rescue the other
Captain Fujil, of the Satsuma Maru,
reports his vessel is high and dry on
the beach at the foot of the glacier and
Is undamaged except loss of rudder and
anchors. It will be practically impossi
ble to salvage the vessel. Two of the
sailors lost their lives during the storm.
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TESTERJOATS Maximum temperature. 80
degrees; minimum. 45 deicrees.
TOD AT 8 Occasional ralff. with possibly a
few mow flurries; westerly winds.
New line-up of powers threatened by Europ
ean situation. Pace 1.
American fleet will go to Orient to protect
entity of China. Page 1.
Admiral Convene refutes criticism on
American flghting ships. Page 8.
Independence league planning for National
campaign. Page 1.
Senatorial deadlock In Kentucky unbroken.
Milwaukle road extends train service to
Terry, Mont. Page 12
Flood subsides at Pittsburg; suffering among
. the poor. Page 2.
Baron. Takahira scouts idea of war with
United States. Page 1.
Banker Morse arrested on arrival In New
York. Page 3.
California organising to fight the Southern
Pacific control of politics. Page 2.
John A. Mears, ex-policeman of Portland,
sued by wife for divorce. Page 8.
Anti-gambling element at Wardner, Idaho,
tries to mob editor of a newspaper.
President Jordan of Stanford University
makes elaborate defense of Rugby foot
ball. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity. -District
Grand Lodge B'nal B'rlth holds
opening session. Page 4.
Bishop Moore makes light of Rumors of
possible Japanese Insurrection In Hawaii.
Rev. E. S. Bollinger called to pulpit of High
land Congregational Church. Page 8.
Friends of Statement No. 1 organize for
defensive campaign. Page 14.
Officers of Municipal . Association speak of
need for reform' work at Hassalo-Street
Church. Page 4.
ALL TALK OF
"Too Hellish" to Think
of, He Says.
NATION FRIENDLY TO AMERICA
Mercenary Newspapers Have
Started the Agitation.
BARON GLAD TO GET BACK
Anxious to Greet His Friend Roose
velt Movement of the Fleet 19
America's Business Sure It
Is for a Very Good Cause.
NEW YORK, Feb. 16. Declaring that
war betwen the United States' and Japan
would be the most "Inhuman event in the
world's history," and was "too hellish" to
be thought of. Baron Kogoro Takahira,
the new Japanese ambassador to Wash
ington, said today, upon landing in New
Tork from the steamer Etrurla, that the
Japanese know absolutely .nothing of a
break in the cordial relations which have
been historic between the two nations.
Talk of war, Baron Takahira declared,
with much emphasis, was utterly unin
telligible to him, unless, as some one had
suggested, it was spread broadcast to
serve the commercial ends of some news
The new ambassador said there might
be some matters pending in Washington
which would require his attention, but
they were not serious. As to the- cruise
of the American fleet to the Pacific
Ocean, he regarded it purely as a naval
maneuver on a grand scale designed to
show to the world at large that Amer
ica has a wonderful naval power which
can be dispatched anywhere at a
moment's notice "in support of a legiti
mate cause which always is at the bottom
of American diplomacy."
. Barqn Friend of. Roosevelt. .-
Baron Takahira will leave for Wash
ington tomorrow morning at 11 o'clock to
present his credentials to President
Roosevelt. He Is a warm personal friend
of Mr. Roosevelt, and is looking forward
to his meeting with the Chief Executive
with a great deal of pleasure. The Baron
is returning to the American Capital after
an absence of two years spent in Rome as
ambassador to Italy. The Baron left
Washington as minister and was subse
quently elevated to the rank of ambassa
dor. He was one of the Japanese envoys
at the Portsmouth peace conference.
"I am pleased to come back to this
.country In my present capacity," said
Baron Takahira to a representative of
the Associated Press. "I started my
diplomatic career as an attache at our
legation in Washington, some 30 years
ago, and I always have ' regarded that
city as my cradle. Now I am going back
there as the personal representative of
the Japanese Emperor, accredited to the
President of the United States and I
think I can consider it as the triumphal
entry into that city. I naturally recall
to mind at this moment the pleasant ex
periences I had through the most trying
of my last stay In Washington. It was
at the crucial time of my career, working
day and night for nearly two years, and
the friendship I received from America
did much to diminish the anxiety which
otherwise would have been immense. No
one knows better than I how sincere and
true were the expresslono of your senti
ments. No one appreciates more than I
do the high value of such sympathy. Ail
that I thought of you then I freely ex
pressed at the time, and my words must
be remembered by those who cared to
take an interest in me. So there Is no
need to repeat them. They simply tell
you now that I am the same man that
I was, and that I am of the same mind as
when I left your country in December,
Fleet's Voyage America's Affair.
"I know there were some questions aris
ing after I left about the segregations of
Japanese children In some of the schools
of the Pacific Coast and of Japanese im
migration. I cannot, of course, tell you
at this moment how I will have to deal
with what remains to require my atten
tion at Washington.
"As to the voyage of the American fleet
to the Pacific, so much talked of recently,
I consider it purely an American affair. I
hear there has been ail sorts of specula
tion as to the motives of such a voyage.
But I always thought that the most rea
sonable one we can attribute Is a naval
maneuver on a grand scale. The United
States is a country of the most pacific
intentions, as has been well proved by
history. As we say in our proverb: "Don't
forget war In time of peace It must be
necessary even for such a great country
as this to ascertain" now and then the
working capacity of its ships and the
good discipline of its men. You will cer
tainly learn a great deal from such a
long cruise by such a large force. The
ships have not only gone to the Pacific
Coast, but have passed through th South
American waters, and If there Is any
thing In their movements that constitutes
a demonstration, it must be a demonstra
tion to the world at large. In order to
show that the United States has such a
naval power as can be sent out at any
moment in support of a legitimate cause,
which always is at the foundation of
"We have, therefore, no mason to be
suspicious about tha visit of the ahips to
the Pacific. You may have noticed that
the Japanese newspapers have ibeen pub
lishing lately their decree or decision to
welcome your fleet if it should come tp
Japan. This shows how our people re
gard tfrie cruise.
War More Hellish Than of Old.
"War talk, which I hear has been pub
lished frequently in connection with the
cruise, is utterly unintelligible to me. On
the other side of the Atlantic, where I
have been until a few days ago, I saw
many prominent men who smiled at the
news as smoke without fire, and dismissed
it as commercial news; that is to say", the
news was spread out with the object of
conserving some speclRl interest of some
newspapers. I am telling you only what
I heard from others, without any inten
tion of criticising your newspapers. At
all events, it is a pity that such an im
pression should be allowed to be created
against even a small portion of the
"You know it was said by your famous
? . V!
Baron Takahira, Who Declares War
With America '-Too Hellish" to Be
Thought of. '
general that "war is hell.' It is now a
concurrent opinion among the best mili
tary experts of all the great powers that
war Is more hellish than it used to be,
owing to the great scientific improve
ments which are constantly toeing applied
to manslaughterlng machines. It is im
poosslble, in my opinion, for any man of
ordinary sanity to think of a war be
tween two powers like ours, In view of
the sincere friendship which so long has
actually existed between them. To think
of it is a crime against humanity, against
civilization, against the well-being of the
whole of mankind. Such a war. If ever
fought, would be the most inhuman event
in Che World's history.' Our people, at
least,, do not think of the possibility of
such an unfortunate event.
FOUND GUILTY OP FBI
VEKIHCT IN CASE OF FAIR MAT
RIMONIAL AGENT. .
Jury Decides tho Wife of William
Grable Was Not Up to Spec
ifications. CHICAGO, Feb. 16. Marlon Goodo
nough, who as Marion Grey conducted a
matrimonial bureau In Elgin; 111., was
found guilty today of having used the
mails in perpetrating a fraud upon Will
iam Grable, of Dearborn, Mo., by failing
to secure for him as a wife "a wealthy
and good-looking widow," as promised
in advertising matter sent out by her.
The verdict was returned before Judge
Landls in the United States District
Court after the Jury had deliberated
nearly 24 hours.
The penalty to which Miss Goodenough
is subject under the finding is 18 months'
Imprisonment In a reformatory or a fine
of faOO. or both, although the court may
make the punishment less in his discre
tion. Motions for a new trial will be
heard on March 12. In the meantime
Miss Goodenough will remain at liberty
unddr the bond given after her indict
ment. The Jury decided that the Government
prosecutors had not proven fraud In any
of the counts of the indictments, Grable
having been the only one of her "cli
ents" who was shown to have secured
a wife through the bureau of which Miss
Goodenough was the head. Grable paid
to for a membership in the "Searchlight
Club," as the bureau was styled, and
through this medium met and married
a woman from Texas.
Miss Gooodenough showed little con
cern when the verdict was announced,
Joining In laughter indulged in by those
in the courtroom over the nature of the
circumstances upon which it was based.
TIPS FROM THEIR ELDERS
Jndfre Burnett Points Moral From
Tillamook Boys' Escapade.
SALEM, Or.,' Feb. 16. (Special.)
That the four Tillamook boys who
were recently convicted of stealing
goods from a store learned their les
son In crime from the men who violate
the liquor law was one of the asser
tions made by Circuit Judge George
H. Burnett this afternoon at tho Young
Men's Christian Association. Judge
Burnett's subject was "Law Observ
ance." The trend of his address was
that not eo much depends upon the
laws that are written In the statute
books as upon the spirit of obedience
manifested by the citizens. Judge
Burnett referred to the Tillamook
cases by way of Illustration, saying
that men had been doing an extensive
business In smuggling liquor into the
"dry" county of Tillamook and selling
it in direct violation of the local op
tion law. The boys, he said, went their
elders one better by engaging in theft.
E-UP OF THE
POWERS IS LIKELY
Fight for Railroads Jars
RUSSIA ACCUSES AUSTRIA
Breaks Faith Seeking Favors
From Sultan of Turkey.
PRESS ANGRY AT GERMANY
Charges That Berlin Government Is
Aiding Austria New Line-up of
Alliances Threatened With Sul
tan Coming Out First Best,
SITCATIOX AS VIEWED tN
St. Petersburg. Russian press
making faces at Germany becausa
of friendly at-tltudn toward Austria.
Paris. France fears retaliatory
measures by Porte toward Mace
donia; perhaps rupture of European
Berlin. Situation believed to b
exaggerated; Germany taking no
active l.art in seeking railroad con
cessions. Vienna. Government aroused by
press comments in France and Rus
sia. Rome. Sultan seen rubbing his
London. Cabinet not prepared to
announce plans; reformers making
demands for Macedonia.
ST. PETERSBURG. Feb. 16. Baron
von Aerthral's reiteration of the deter
mination of Austria to build a railroad
through Novlbazar as a connecting link
for the Austrian lino through Bosnia
with the Turkish line to Salonika, and tha
announcement by the German foreign of
fice of financial support to this plan,
have left no Illusions here regarding the
fate of tho agreement looking to Joint
action in the Balkans negotiated by Em
peror Nicholas and Emperor Francis Jo
sef at Murzzuschlag in tho Autumn of
1903, which was the ground-work of the
subsequent programme of reform in Mace
donia. The attitude of the Russian foreign of
fice, as learned through an Inspired press,
is that the agreement, which Is re
garded as already violated in spirit by the
Austrian foreign minister's efforts to ex
tend and consolidate the Austrian sphere
of influence by a private bargain with the
Sultan for the construction of the rail
road, should be abrogated.
Russia's Hands Cntied.
Russia is now left with a free hand
to work out her own policy In the near
East. Negotiations are still being con
ducted to the end of inducing Austria
to withdraw her railroad scheme, but no
hope of their success is held out on
either the Austrian or the Russian side.
The principal efforts at present are being
devoted to arranging a new grouping of
the powers. It being thought here that
Russia and Great Britain might enter into
an agreement for Joint action In Mace
donia and that these two powers would
be supported by France and perhaps
The defection of such an Important
power as Austria which, owing to her
geographical position, shared with Rus
sia the leading role In the efforts to set
tle the Macedonian problem, renders tho
outlook dark. Since the seriousness of
the Russian opposition to Austria's plan
has become evident, hints have been
thrown out from Vienna that Russia and
Italy, as the powers most directly in
terested, would be allowed in the way of
compensation to construct railroad lines,
Italy one through Albania, and Russia
a line from the Ianube to the Adriatic
Sea. Both powers, however, decline to
accept this proposal.
Press Angered at Germany.
The Russian ambassador to Turkey, iL
Zinovioff, at a lengthy audience with tha
Sultan on Friday, submitted Russia's ob
jections to the construction of the pro
posed railroad which, it is confidently
expected here, will result in the post
ponement of the Austrian project.
The impression that Austria Is acting
with the full cognizance and support of
Germany, which had been confirmed by;
formal statements given out by German
government officials, has resulted In an
outburst of anger against that country
affecting all circles of the Russian press
and public. This antagonism is felt with
especial force In the army, where it Is
felt that Teutonic influences are back of
Turkish activity on the Perso-Russlan
frontier, which has assumed a menacing
STATES GERMANY'S POSITION
Baron Sternberg Corrects Reports
Sent From Europe.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 16. Cablegrams
from London and St. Fetersburg recent
ly published in American newspapers on
the Balkan situation and the North Sea
treaty questioning Germany's sincerity
with regard to her announced policies
regarding those matters were called to
the attention of Baron Sternberg, the
German Ambassador at Washington to
day. The Ambassador declared the pub
lished statements made It appear as If
Germany is creating trouble in Europe
by refusing to adhere to the rules of
(Concluded on Page 2.)