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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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VOL. XI. VI. XO. 14,712.
PORTLAND, OKEGON,; SATURDAY, FEBRUARY
Answers Critics and
TRUSTS NEED CONTROL
V, Criminal Rich Are Banded To
w gether for Reaction,
CARE FOR LABOR'S INTERESTS
Employers' Liability Laws and
Restriction on Injunctions.
EVEN JUSTICE TO ALL MEN
Apologias of Lawbreakers. Mere
Puppets or Powerful Rich Will
Continue l'lglit for Honesty
In Business and Polities.
! 1VHAT ROOSEVELT RECOMMEXDS
Re-mart employers' liability law
so is to apply only- to corporations
! engaged In Interstate commerce and.
strengthen Its provisions.
4 Pass law giving Government em-
Sployes compensation for injuries.
Pass law giving employes of Pans
x ma Canal compensation for injuries.
Nc- law against blacklisting will
be recommended later.
Give Interstate Commerce. Commis
sion power to pass upon changes in
rates before they become effective.
Provide for valuation of railroads
and supervision of their financial op-
I eratlons by Interstate Commission.
I Let Government supervise inter-
.? change of cars and schedulea of
trains carrying perishable products. "
I Amend Sherman anti-trust law to
I legalize reasonable combinations, but
f provide thorough supervision over all
f Interstate corporations.
T Pass laws to prevent grosser forms
I of gambling In securities and com-
WASHINGTON, Jan. 31. President
Roosevelt today sent to Congress a
special message which is devoted
mainly to a vigorous defense of his
policy, as regards railroads and trusts
from the assaults of his critics and an
even more vigorous denunciation of
those critics and those whom they
Beginning with the recommendation
of new employers' liability bills, both
binding the Government and Interstate
corporations, and of laws restricting
the Issue of injunctions, the message
proceeds to renew the President's
former recommendations for legisla
tion dealing with railroads and mon.
opollcs. Then it enters upon a reply
to the criticisms of the President's
policy, not mincing words in its char
acterization of his antagonists as law
breakers. It shows their inconsistency
in criticising Judges Land is and
YVellbon after having condemned the
President's much milder criticism of
other judges. It advocates measures
to prevent stock gambling, attributes
the panic to speculation and- high
finance, and declares that, even if the
President's policy did contribute to the
panic. It is better than to allow dis
honest business to thrive. lie declares
his purpose of continuing the same
policy without flinching.
Senators Pay Slight Attention.
"While the message was being read
in the Senate, many Senators simply
scanned their printed copies at first
and before it was half finished they
generally took up other matters. When
the striking passages were reached,
many of the Senators looked around
the chamber and exchanged smiles
Tillman seemed especially pleased with
the document. La Follette paid very
careful attention. Beveridge, McCum
ber, Knox, Galllnger, Nelson, Elkins,
I lemon way and Burrows, on the
Republican side, and Culberson, Teller,
lavls, Bnnkhead and Overman, among
the Democrats, were especially atten
tive to the document.
On the conclusion of the reading of the
mesfuge. Senator Davis, of Arkansas,
promptly moved that 10.000 copies of the
message be printed as a public document.
"It Is the best Democratic doctrine that
I have ever heard emanating from a Re
publican source," said Davis.
The motion was agreed to, and with
, out further comment the message was1
referred to the committee on Interstate
The reading of tho message In the
House was listened to with Intense in-
terest by the members, of whom there
was an unusually large number in at
tendance. As the reading of the message pro
gressed In the House, numerous members
were heard audibly to exclaim. "Most
unusual," "This is red-hot," etc.
The President's vigorous denunciation
of wrongdoers was greeted with loud ap
plause, as was his' defense of Federal
judges who punish offenders for viola
tions of the law.
The frequency of the applause increased
as the reading proceeded. The hum of
conversation over the message subsided
and the members followed every word.
But the climax came when the reading
Cheered by Both Parties.
Without regard to party, the members
loudly applauded, cheered, thumped their
desks and gave other evidences of their
approval of the document. After a mo
ment's silence, the applause broke out
h . -. , V , 1
L jjuUi iKn Mmk I'lWf il tM T 1T11 Muf i-ifi T isssft iMfnrTi ffli r I
C'harlrft E. Hiijrhtw, Who Opened HJs
Campaign for President lmt
again, several members, Including many
Democrats, arising from their seats and
flapping their hands.
The message then, on -motion of
Payne, New York, was referred to the
committee on the state Of the Union.
Ollie James (Kentucky) produced
laughter and Democratic applause when
he tauntingly inquired of Payne:
"How many additional thousand copies
do you desire for circulation?"
Payne replied laughingly:
"Oh, the usual number."
FtXI. TEXT OF THE MESSAGE
Bills to Relieve X.a.xr and Control
- Trusts Reaction Js Scored. V" "
"WASHINGTON, Jan. 31. Following i
the full text of President Roosevelt's so
cial message, sent to Congress today:
To the Senate and House of Representa
tives: The reoent decision of the Supremo
Court In regard to the employers' liability
act, the experience of the Interstate Com
merce Commission and of the Department of
Justice in enforcing: the interstate com
merce and anti-trust laws, and the gravely
significant attitude toward the law and its
administration recently adopted by certain
heads of great corporations render It de
sirable that there t ould be additional leg
islation as regards certain of the relations
between labor and capital and between the
great corporations and the public.
The Supreme Court has decided the em
ployers' liability law to be 'unconstitutional,
because its terms apply to employes en
gaged wholly In intrastate commerce as
well as to employes engaged in - interstate
commerce. By a substantial majority the
court holds that the Congress has power
to deal w ith the . question insofar as in
terstate commerce is concerned. As re
gards the employers liability law, I advo
cate its Immediate re-enactment, limiting
its scope so that it shall apply only to the
class of cases to which the court says It
can constitutionally apply, but strengthen
ing its provisions within this scope. Inter
state employment being thus covered by an
adequate law, the field of Intrastate em
ployment will be left to the action of the
several states. With this clear definition of
responsibility, the states will undoubtedly
give the performance of their duty within
their field the consideration the importance
of the subject demands.
I also very urgently ' advise that a com
prehensive act be passed providing for com
pensation by the Government to all employes
Injured in the Government service. Under
the present law an injured workman in
the employe of the Government has no
remedy and the entire burden of the acci
dent falls on the helpless man, "his wife
and his young children. This is an out
rage. This- is a matter of humiliation to
the Nation that there should not be on our
statute books provisions to meet and par
tially to atone for cruel misfortune, when
It comes upon a man through no fault of
his own while faithfully serving the public.
Make Government Ijable Also.
In no other prominent industrial country
in the world could such gross injustice occur,'
for almost all civilized nations have en
acted legislation embodying the complete
recognition of the principle which places the
entire trade risk for industrial accidents
(excluding, of course, accidents due to wil
ful misconduct by the employe on the in
dustry as represented by the employer,
which In this case is the Government. In
all these countries these principles ap
ply to the government as much as to the
private employer. T'nder no circumstances
should the Injured employe or his surviving
dependents be required to bring suit against
the Government nor should there be the re
quirement that in order to insure recovery,
negllsen-ce in some form on the part of the
Government should be shown. Our propo
sition is not . to confer a right upon the
Government employe, but to secure him suit
able provision asainst injuries received in
the course of his employment. The burden
of the trad risk should be placed upon
the Government. Exactly as the working
man is entitled to his wages, so he should
be entitled to indemnity for the Injuries
sustained in the natural course of his labor.
The rates of compensation and the regu
lations for its payment should be specified
In the law and the machinery for determin
ing the amount to be paid should in each
case be provided - In such manner that the
employe is properly represented without ex
pense to him. Tn dther words, the com
pensation should be paid automatically,
while the application of the law in the
first instance should be vested in the 'De
partment of Commerce and Labor. The
law should apply to all laborers, -mechanics
and other civilian employes of the Gov
ernment of the United States, including
those In the service of the Panama Canal
Cc-nmisalon and Insular governments.
The Fame broad principle which should
apply to the Government should ulti
mately be made applicable to all private
employers. "Where the Nation has the pr.w
er. it should enact laws to this effect.
"Where the states alone have the power,
they should enact the laws.
No New Burden to Employer
It U to be observed that an employer's
liability law does not really mean mulcting
tho employers In damages. It merely throws
upoh the employ or the burden of accident
insurance against injuries which are sure
to occur. It rofu;rs htm cither to bear or
to distribute through insurance the loss
which can readily be borne when distributed,
"continued on 1'age 4.) -
THAW JURY FAILS
TO FIND VERDICT
Locked Up for Night
EIGHT TO FOUR THE RUMOR
Disagreement Feared and a
Third Trial Considered.
GLOOM IN PRISONER'S CELL
Iiittlcton Believes Majority "Favors a
Verdict Based on Insanity, but
Xo Definite Conclusion Is Ex
pected by Others Interested.
NEW TORK, Jan. 31. After waiting:
for nearly 12 hours for the jury In the
Thaw case to report. Justice Dowling,
shortly after 1 o'clock tdnight, ordered
the doors of the juryroom locked for the
night and adjourned court until 10:30 A.
M., when he will hear any report they
have to make.
A rumor persisted throughout the eve
ning that the Jurors were hopelessly
divided, eight to four. Mr. IJttleton, of
the defense, expressed the belief that the
majority favored a verdict of not guilty
on the ground of Insanity, and when he
left for his home was' still hopeful that a
decision eventually would be reached.
Thaw Is Disconsolate.
District Attorney Jerome said:
"Nobody can tell what a Jury will do,
so what is the use of speculating."
Thaw retired disconsolately to his cell
in the Tombs. He expressed the fear that
a third trial would be necessary. This
was the general opinion held by the court
attaches. The attorneys in 'the case were
deeply disappointed by the trend of af
fairs, as every one hoped that some defi
nite conclusion might this time be
reached. Mr. Jerome would not discuss
the probability . of a third trial but said
if there was one It might be In some other
Jurisdiction of the Btate than New Tork
Dowling Charges Jury.
The 12 jurors retired at 11:30 A. M.,
after listening to a charge from Justice
Dowling, who sought to impress upon
them that the burden to prove the sanity
of the defendant rested upon the prosecu
tion throughout the trial and declared
that if. from all the evidence in the case
the jurors entertained a reasonable doubt
as to his sanity, the defendant was en
titled to the benefit of that doubt. At
the same time he pointed out the pro
visions of the statute which provides that
the only persons excused from crimlnar
responsibility are those -who suffer from
such a defect of reason as either not to
know the nature or quality of their act
or not know that the act is wrong.
"Some may hold that this is too hard
a test," commented the court, "but It is
the law. It is clear, explicit and reason
able. Mark you that the law says a 'de
fect of reason,' and I must instruct you
that a defect of reason is not an opinion
THE CANDIDATE "NOW
a man holds as. to the Justice or cor
rectness of his own acts, or an opinion
that -the laws of the land are wrong.
Hatred and revenge are not insanity.
Most crimes are committed from just
such motives as these. -
Doors to Court Docked.
Mrs. William Tluiw, her son, Joaiah,
and her daughter, Mrs. George I Car
negie and Evelyn Nesblt Thaw were in
court while Justice Dowling read his
charge. From the moment the first
words came from the bench until . the
Jury had filed out to begin 1U delibera
tions, the courtroom doors were locked
and no one was. allowed to pass m or
out. , i -
The following verdicts are possible in
the case: '
Murder in the first degree, penalty
Murder in the second degree, penalty
Manslaughter in the first degree, pen
alty not to exceed 20 years' imprisonment.
Not guilty on the ground of insanity at
the time the crime was committed, prob
ably commitment to Matteawan Asylum.
As the Jury was about to leave the box.
Justice Dowling asked if they desired any
of the exhibits in the case. Foreman
Gremmels replied that the jury would
like to have them all. Thaw was com
pelled to stand and nod his formal assent
to this action.
Exhibits Taken by Jury.
The defendant listened intently to the
judge's charge, the reading of which oc
cupied Just 40 minutes. The fact that
the Jury desired to examine the exhibits
was taken to indicate that they would be
some time at their deliberations.
While on the subject of reasonable
doubt. Justice Dowling said the doctrine
applied to the grade of crime as well as
to the question of Innocence of responsi
bility. Knowledge of the nature or quality of
a defandant's action' included the issue
as to whether or not he knew he was
firing a loaded pistol. The defendant
had a right to expect the benefit' of the
doubt as to this, as- well as to other ma
terial issues. ,
The trace of insanity, in, collateral
branches of the .prisoner's family. Justice
Dowling eaid, had a proper place in the
testimony and was worthy of considera
tion. Justice Dowling defined the various
degrees of murder and manslaughter rec
ognized under the laws, and then added
that the Jury in its deliberations was not
bound by the terms of the indictment.
What Jury Will Speciry.
"If your verdict should be 'not guilty.'
he said, "under the specification of the
defendant's plea as to insanity, you will
add the clause, 'on the ground of the
defendant's insanity at the time of the
commission of the acts charged in the
Indictment." In any other verdict you
render, you will specify the degree."
Justice Dowling and the opposing at
torneys congratulated each other upon
the expedition of the trial. Justice
Dowling said his decision to throw all
sessions open to the public had been
Justified by the way the case had been
handled by the press.
' In his charge. Justice Dowling defined
the various degrees of homicide, and
devoted much time to elucidating the
legal meaning of the words "delibera
t tion" and "premeditation." These words,
' he said, "imply the capacity at the time
of the crime to think and reflect and
by the use of these powers to refrain
from doing a wrongful act.- He said that
in the consideration of deliberation and
premlditation the Jury might take into
account the acts of the defendant im
mediately preceding the shooting, his
acts on the roof garden and the in
cidents attending the shooting itself.
State Must Prove Sanity.
Judge Dowling cautioned the jury
against being prejudiced by testimony
reflecting on the character of White. In
the eyes of the law the murder of the
most vile la as great a crime as to mur
der the greatest benefactor of the hu
man race, he said.
Where the defense is insanity, the gen
eral question is whether the crime was
committed by a person responsible for
his acts, the judge continued. The bur
den of establishing sanity is on the
prosecution, and the defendant is entitled
to the benefit of any doubt. The only
question to decide is whether the
defendant was or . was not lnsaie
when the shooting occurred. Facta that
may bear on his condition at that time
were received for the light they cast.
The Jurors should decide what weight
the testimony of experts should bear.
I WONDER WHICH WAY I'O BE GOING
THREAT MADE ON
Meet Fate of Brown
MUST PARDON JOHN BRANTON
Gets Letter on Behalf of Man
Who Attempted Murder.
GOVERNOR NOT DISTURBED
Says He Often Gets Such Letters.
Branton Conies of Family With a
Bad Record Scnlenccd for Try
ing to Kill Man Tor Insurance.
HOOD RIVER, Or., Jan. 31. (Staff
Correspondence.) Governor Chamber
lain is In receipt of an anonymous let
ter demanding the pardon of John
Branton, under threat that unless the
convict is released by Feh .;.y 20, the
Governor will -fiieet tne fate dealt out
to Steunenberg and Brown.
The letter was addressed to Dr.
Charles Chamberlain, the Governor's
son, and was handed by the doctor
to, his father at the union depot in
Portland tonight, just as the Governor
was boarding the train for the Com
mercial Club banquet at Hood River.
Although headed as if written from
Portland, the letter bears the postmark
"Cottage Grove, January 29, 2:30 P.
The address on the envelope is- in
a, woman's handwriting, but the body
of the letter is printed in pencil. The
spelling evidences a labored attempt
to make it appear that the writer Is
illiterate. Vew words are misspelled,
but periods appear after almost every
word. The letter is signed "Comity on
Justice." The text is as follows: .
Text of the Letter.
" PORTLAND, Or. Dr.- Charles Chamber
lain, sir: You ar hereby .notified to have
your father to pardon John Branton out of
the pen-ltentary and you keep this secret be
twen yourself and father and dont let Bran
ton no anything of this. He la & good man
and la ino3ent of any crime. He waa con
victed on perjured evidence and in a nredudlc
court. And we demand his pardon by the
201th of February this year. If this la not
granted you ar.d your father will both of
you be dealth with the aame aa Steunburg and
Brown were. We dont want to kill any one
but it la no worse to kill a man' than It la
keep a lncwsent man in prison. Anyway from
his helpleaa little children. So you take warn
ing and save yourselves and let Branton go
to his children. We mean Juat what we eay.
COMITY ON JUSTICE).
Governor Not Alarmed.
"What are you going to do about it."'
the Governor was asked.
"Oh, nothing," he replied, in an off-hand
way, as if the threat on his life gave him
no worry whatever. "I frequently get
such letters. A man in my official posi
tion has to put up with this sort of thing
very often. I'm something of a fatalist,
anyhow. ' If I am doomed to be blown up
by a dynamite bomb, I suppose I will be.
IF I TRIED TO RIDE?"
and there is nothing that can prevent it.
If anyone had designs on my life, there
'would be plenty of opportunities to 'get
me.' for 1 go about the streets like any
other man, and a crank would have
plenty of opportunity to carry out -is
threat of death. But I don't expect it."
Family Has Bad Record.
John 'Branton, the convict whose pardon
Is demanded, belongs to a family several
members of whom have a bad record.
Claude Branton, a brother, was hanged in
Eugene about nine 'cars ago for nie
murder of "old man" Iinn, a Morrow
County sheepowner. Unn was killed in
the Cascade Mountains and his body
burned by Branton in his campftre. A
brother, Clarence, lives in Crook County.
A sister is said to live in Cottage Grove.
John Branton attempted to kill a man In
Cottage Grove about three years ago
with the Idea of getting some life In
surance money. Branton was given a j-
Harry K. Thaw. Whose Fnto Is Noer
In the HandH of the Jury. This
Hhttni Him ns He Now Appears.
year sentence for his attempted murder.
The father of the Branton boys myster
iously disappeared three years ago in.
E. N. B.
EVIDEXCB IS VERY STROXG
Conviction of John Branton Easily
Secured by Intended Victim.
COTTAGE GROVE, Or.. Jan. 31. (Spe
cial.) John Branton. who attempted to
duplicate the actions of his brother
Claude by shooting' John Fletcher in the
head, for the purpose of getting a J-VIOO
policy in the Woodmen of the World in
Branton's favor, about three years ago,
was tried, convicted and sent to the peni
tentiary for a term of 10 years from
Fletcher recovered, and with his own
and other evidence' formed a chain that
resulted ' In conviction, regardless of
Branton's firm stand that he was Inno
cent. Branton's second wife died with con
vulsions prior to the attempt on Fletch
FORMER TKIAIi FOR PARDON
Prisoner's Mother Circulates Peti
tion, but Few Will Sign.
EUGENE. Or.. Jan. 31. Claud Bran
ton, brother of John Branton, was
hanged here in the County Jail yard,
by Sheriff Withers, about nine yearn
ago" after having been convicted of
the murder of a man named Linn.
The trial brought out the fact that
Linn was shot while asleep after sup
per and his body was burned in the
camp fire. Nearly every trace of the
murder was covered. Branton sitting
by the fire playing a French harp while
the flames were doing their work.
The disappearance of Linn remained
(Concluded on Page 2.)
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
TBSTERDAY'S Maximum ' temperature, 84
degrees; minimum, 28 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair and not so cold; easterly
President advocates labor and antl-trust
laws and denounces reactionary cam
paign. Page 1.
Banta Pe officials say letter quoted In mes
sage waa stolen. Pare 2.
Ripley denies president's charge of rebat
ing. Page 2.
Chancellor Day furiously denounces mes
sage. Page 2.
Bryan praises Roosevelt's message. Page T.
King Carlos to sign repressive decree
against Portuguese rebels. Page 5.
Attempted graft in Government Printing
Office. Page 11.
Banker denounces Aldrlch bill. Page 3.
Tillman moves to hasten forfeiture of
Southern Pacific land grant. Page 8.
Evans' fleet arrives In Magellan Straits.
Page 2- .
Tornado lays waste wide strip in Mississippi.
Steel men decide not to reduce price.
Hawaii fears flood of Japanese. Page 13.
Thaw jury out since 11:43 A. M. Page 1.
Wheat bulls give up fight and Armour wins
tl.00O.000. Page 5.
Sanderson paid $3,000,000 before he gave
bills for Capitol furniture. Page 13.
Hughes declares his policy as candidate for
Presidency. Page 1.
Attell wins fight with Neill, who throws up
sponge. Page 7-
Ruef pleads not guilty. Page 3.
Governor Chamberlain receives letter threat
ening fate of Steunenberg unless he par
' dons criminal. Pace 1.
Hood River Commercial Club's third annual
banquet great success. Pa$e 13.
Canadian laborers clamoring for Oriental ex
clusion. Page 6.
Commercial and Marine.
Washington .liopgrowere propose a new
union. Page 17.
Three-cent drop In wheat .at Chicago.
Xew York stock market sluggish. Page 13.
General trade conditions slow to imprlve.
Exports for the month of January exceed
2.000.000 bushels of wheat. Lumber ex
ports heavy. Page 10.
- Portland and Vicinity.
Heney shows up Hall's tactics in prosecu
tion of land fencing cases. Page 10.
Mothejr refuses to Day son's fine and anks
Judsre to imprison him. Page 16.
High winds accompany coldest weather of
Winter. Page 11.
Court grants eight divorces. Page 10.
Statement No. 1 finds few friends in present
campaign. Page 11.
HUGHES IN FIGHT
Falls in Line With
WOULD IMPRISON TRUST KINGS
Amend Sherman Law, Con
tinue Rate Regulation.
REVISE TARIFF SCHEDULES
Governor Tells Supporters Position
on Public (jiie&tlons and la Given
Ovation Praises ' Kooscvelfs
Fight on Privilege.
NB:V YORK. Jan. 31. Governor
Charles E. Hughes, tvIiokc nomination
for the Presidency by the Republican
National Convention Is belna; ursrd by
tha Now York County committee and
other Republican county rommlttecg in
New York State, today made open
declaration of his views on National'
Issues and principles. Mr. Hughes told
his hearers tonight that he did not
come before them In any spirit of
rivalry or self-seeking, and that there
are "many Republicans who, by virtue
of their character and distinguished
services, are worthy of t lie highest
honor the party can bcsiow."
The Governor was given an ovation
when he concluded his speech.
Declaring the Republican party was
a party of progress and stnblilty, Mr.
Hughes, In his speech, commended the
administration of President Roosevelt
ns one "which to degree almost un
precedented has impressed the popular
imagination and won the confidence of
the people." The country, he said, was
under lasting obligation to Mr. Roose
velt for his vigorous opposition to
abuses and for the strong impulse he
has given to movements for their cor
rection. ' ' ,
Opposes Government Ownership.
Mr. Hughes asserted his unqualified
opposition to Government ownership of
railroads, but said that regulation of
interstate transportation is essential to
protect the people from unjust dis
crimination. As a means of railroad
supervision, the' Governor suggested an
administrative board. The Governor
declared that the Sherman anti-trust,
act should be clarified and be made
more explicit; that the law may be
made stronger and more effective by
being mude more definite.
"I am not in favor of punishment in
the shape of fines upon corporations,
except for minor offenses. The burden
of fines imposed upon such corpora
tions is either transferred to the pub
lic or is bornp by the stockholders," de
clared Mr. Hughes.
Would Revise Tariff.
Revision of the tariff was advised by
Mr. Hughes, who suggested that the
readjustment of schedules be effected
by an expert commission, so that the
facts be ascertained without delay and
that Congress may dispose of the mat
ter In-the fairest possible manner.
Mr. Hughes declared he did not be
lieve in arbitrary action, and that the
rulo of the peo'ple must be a rule of
reason and every effort must be domin
ated by a sense of justice. His pre
pared speech, from which he departed
In some particulars, follows: .
Decide lnrtlJD on Merita.
Since I took office I have sought to maka
It clear ' that I would not become Involved
in factional strife or use the powciw of offica
to further any personal intfnst. I am and
have been constantly solicitous that the ad
ministration of alTalrs of this state should
not be embarrassed by collateral considera
tions, and that every question e)hall be pre
sented and decided upon its merits, unaf
fected by aug-gestlon of ulterior motives. Kor
this reason I have avoided gratuitous dtacus
cussion of question foreign ' fo my official
duty, but when. In Jtietice to those who nava
honored me with their confidence and to the
party, which, as . we all desire, should act
freely and with full information, it becomes
a duty to speak, I have no desire to remain
silent. Nor should I In any event care to
preserve availability at the expense of can
dor. High Praise for Roosevelt.
We are contemplating a. new administra
tion at the cloee of one wihlch to a degree
almost unparalleled has appealed to the
popular Imagination and won the confidence
of the people. The country Is under lasting
obligation to President Roosevelt for vigor
ous opposition to abuses and for the strong
Impulse he has given to movement for their
correction. Differencea of opinion now, as
always, exiet with regard to the best means
of solving some of the extremely difficult
problema that are presented. But those who
earnestly desire progress and the establish
ment of our security on its necessary founda
tions of fair dealing and recognition of equal
rig-hus appreciate the great service he has
rendered and the fundamental importance of
the purposes he had in view. We shall have
in the next campaign a notable vanta&a
ground, gained through the general admira
tion of his strong personality and the popu
lar appreciation of the intensity of his de
sire to promote the righteous conduct of af
fairs and the welfare of bia fellowmen.
Approved Rate legislation.
The battle for free institutions has been a
struggle against epecial privileges. It is not
won merely by the creation of new . forms of
government. AgalnM every attempt to make
government the instrument of selfish purposes
a free people must constantly b on the alert.
Every franchise granted by the people Is a
privilege Justified only by consideration of
the public welfare and the conditions of its
exercise should be such as to Insure the per
formance of public obligations. There must
be no encroachment on the common right for
the purftpse of serving the interests of the
(Concluded, on Face S )