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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
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VOL. XIVI NO. 14,556.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST
KNOX THE CHOICE
Last Resort to Defeat
MANY TRIED AND ABANDONED
Boot Most Able but Could
Never Be Elected.
MUCH MONEY FOR KNOX
paring Finally Fixed on Him as
Most Available Candidate, Cor
porations Will Jfot Spare
Cash to Nominate Him.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Aug. 2. Apparently the corpora
tions have selected. Senator Philander
C. Knox, of Pennsylvania, as their candi
date to succeed President, Roosevelt,
after trying out various avallables with
Wore or less disastrous results. If this
fact becomes generally recognized, it
(rill make Mr. Knox's nomination abso
A year ago. when the corporations were
particularly bitter towards the Presi
dent, they agreed among themselves that
the next President should be a man very
different from Mr. Roosevelt, and from
that day to this they have never given
up the Idea of railroading some friend
into the White House. The first man
they took up was Vice-President Fair
banks, who was already doing the best
he could single-handed to build up a fol
lowing. But the corporations are now
satisfied that It would be folly to nomi
nate him, becouse he could not be elected.
Naturally, they do not want to put for
ward any candidate who Is foredoomed to
One After Another Dropped.
i Senator Foraker was tne next man
taken up. While not so puable as Mr.
alroankg -and nfd likely to be quite so
subservient. In general he was In sym
pathy with the corporations and he was
set down as a most acceptable man. The
Foraker boom was launched, but It did
not take: nobody wanted Mr. Foraker
except the corporations and the negroes,
and then when Mr. Foraker persisted In
combating the President, his popularity
began to wane and the "Interests" de-
cided that It would be futile to push
him, especially after the Taft boom ap
peared and made It doubtful whether Mr.
Foraker could carry his own state. When
the corporations forsook him, Mr. Fora
ker let It become known that he would
Ibe content if he could have another term
cut Senator; he did not Insist on the
Presidential nomination as the price of
"Uncle Joe" Cannon was then tried
But. Mr. Cannon would not be an Ideal
candidate from a corporation standpoint,
but he would be better than Mr. Taft or
Governor Hughes. He was certainly very
different from Mr. Roosevelt, and would
!e much less offensive to "the Interests."
SThe Cannon boom did not make a go of
t. Mr. Cannon proved to be too old;
fooreover. he was not close enough to the
people a fatal shdrtcomlng in these days
twhen the people rule.
No Hope Tor Shaw 'or Root,
The corporations would have been per
fectly happy if they could have forced
the nomination and election of Leslie M.
Chaw, ex-Secretary of the Treasury. Mr.
Bhaw was always good to Wall street,
end Wall street Is sometimes grateful,
especially when It can see still further
Savors ahead. But the Shaw boom was
es great a failure as the boom of Mr.
Fairbanks. It Is heard of no more. Mr.
Shaw could not have been elected, if
nominated, and that Is the reason he was
Elihu Root, Secretary of State, 1b not
tin ideal candidate from the corporation
Standpoint, but "the interests" would
prefer him to Mr. Roosevelt, Mr. Taft
or Mr. Hughes. Mr. Root does not en
tertain some of the vigorous anti-corporation
views that are held by the Presi
dent; that is to say, he is less radical.
He does not Indorse the popular view,
and therein lies the source of his weak
Bess, as a candidate. It is well under
stood that, If he should speak out In cab
inet meetings and say Just what he
-thinks, the policies of the Administration
would receive many severe scorings. Mr.
. Boot believes the public is often wrong,
and In such Instances he would not per
mit himself to be swayed by popular
clamor. He holds himself above the
masses. No one questions that he would
make a good President; Mr. Roosevelt
himself takes this view, but, like other
hrewd politicians, the President Is aware
hat Mr. Root would make a very poor
candidate he could not be elected. So
the corporations put Mr. Root aside, and
.for a time they were at sea.
Machine Springs Knox.
Then the Pennsylvania machine got
into motion, and Mr. Knox was brought
forward as the most available candidate
in the field. His boom was launched
early In the Summer and was enthus
iastically Indorsed by the Republican or
ganizations of his state. It was an
nounced that Mr. Knox was Mr. Roose-
velt's favorite candidate for 1908, though
this announcement has since been proven
a fake, pure and simple. It was declared
that Mr. Knox, as Attorney General, had
dona mora to prosecute, the. oppressive
corporations than any man connected
with the Administration. In view of this
fact. It was declared that Mr. Knox as
President would carry out the Roosevelt
corporation policies. It is true that At
torney General Knox carried out the in
structions of the Preslaent; he had no
other course open to him. But had Mr.
Knox been President, it is very seriously
to be doubted if the prosecution would
have been so vigorous.
Mr. Knox modestly stepped into the
limelight he would be a receptive candi
date, nothing more. If the people want
ed him he would serve them willingly,
but he would not take off his coat and go
to work. Since the launching of the
Knox boom, the Pennsylvania Senator
has been quite busy. He has conferred
with friendly politicians and with some of
the big money men of the East. After
looking over the situation, he has decided
to get in and make an active campaign.
He is" going to keep at it right up to the
time the convention meets. He will be
his own manager, with lieutenants to
work up sentiment in various sections
outside of Pennsylvania.
Is Corporation Candidate.
The very fact that Senator Murray
Crane, of Massachusetts, Is to be the
Knox lieutenant in New England Is
enough in itself to mark Mr. Knox as
the corporation candidate. - Mr. Crane
plays In with Senator Aldrich. who is the
Senate representative of the Standard Oil
and allied corporations. Mr. Knox, how
ever, has always been affiliated with cor
porations. He owes his seat in the Sen
ate to the. Steel Trust, the Pennsylvania
Railroad and the Standard Oil Company.
Naturally a man who would permit him
self to. be under obligations to these cor
porations in order to attain a senatorshlp
would be on equally friendly terms wtien
It came to a race for the Presidency.
Mr. Knox is most acceptable to the cor
porations, to those that have helped him
heretofore and to others. He is a stronger
candidate than Mr. Fairbanks or Mr.
'Root, Mr. Cannon or Mr. Slww or Mr.
Foraker. In point of ability, he is head
and shoulders above all of them save
Mr. Root, and, having been Mr. Roose
velt's agent for prosecuting corporations,
he can turn that fact to advantage In
Mr. Knox will not be an ideal candi
date for the corporations; he would not
be as pliable in the Presidential chair,
but he has a better chance of being elect
ed than those candidates who would be
more acceptable, so the corporations have
been obliged to turn to him as their most
available Presidential possibility. He
would, to their minds, be a great Im
provement on Mr. Roosevelt; he would be
far less drastic, and they would gladly
accept him on the theory that half a
loaf Is better than none.
Can Get Money, Not Votes.
The "interests" are evidently content
to stand by Mr. Knox, and the Knox
campaign fund will never be shy. He
will be the only candidate among all the
Republicans with an abundance of money
to back him, and If these were ordinary
times', when the corporation could buy
up or, by the indirect use of money, con
trol the next convention, Mr. Knox would
be a sure winner, so far as tbe nomina
tion is concerned. But the great diffl
culty Is that strong public sentiment tlWit
is so bitterly opposed to corporations and
men who bear the corporation taint. It
is such a sentiment as can not be
swayed by money, and Mr. Knox, not
withstanding the unlimited means that
will be behind him. will not be able to
carry the convention. If he could land
the nomination, all the money of the cor
porations would not elect him. He would
be a defeated candidate because he wears
the corporation brand.
ALABAMA REVOKES FRANCHISE
OF SOUTHERN LIKE.
Removal of Salt From State to Federal
Court Offense Against State.
. Judge Is Deled,
MONTGOMERY, Ala., Aug. 2. An
nouncement was made today by Secre
tary of State Frank N. Julian that he
had revoked the franchise of the South
ern Railway Company because it had
removed a case from the State Circuit
Court of Talledaga County to the
United States Circuit Court at Bir
mingham. This action of the Southern Is alleged
to be in violation of the two outlaw
acts passed by the State Legislature
last Winter, each of which provided
that such removal should be punish
able by a revocation of the charter of
the offending railroad. One of these
laws, the better known, was declared
unconstitutional by United States
Judge Thomas Jones, but the other has
never been enjoined by the Federal
courts. For this reason the action of
the state official was taken under the
provisions of the second of these "out
law" acts. '
The state insists that this second
outlaw act is still in force and It is
entirely proper to act under its provi
sions, while the adherents of the rail
way contend the act of revocation is in
contempt o.f the Federal court injunc
tion, at least in spirit.
Neither side would make an authori
tative statement of the probable course
to be pursued in the controversy to
day. FAILED TO SEE DANGER
Three Persons Killed by Electric Car
JACKSON. Mich., Aug. 2. A westbound
electric car struck an automobile contain
ing five Jackson residents about three
miles east of here tonight. Mrs. Levi
Palmer, Mrs. Emily Pulver and Bernlce
Oliver were killed. B. A. Oliver, who was
driving, was probably fatally injured,
while his wife escaped with less serious
From the fact that the brakes on the
touring car were not set, it is believed
JMx-r Oliver did not see the eleotrlo tar,
FOR STAFJDARD OIL
Figure Judge Landisls
Expected to Fix.
SUM MAYEXGEED $29,000,000
Penalty for Receiving Rebates
to Be Imposed.
OCTOPUS CAN STAND IT
Even Maximum Fixed try Lair Not
Crushing Indiana Corporation
Has Property Worth More
CHICAGO, Aug. 2. (Special.) There
Is much speculation over the size of
the fine to be announced against the
Standard Oil Company for receiving re
bates from the Chicago & Alton Rail
way, when Federal Court opens to
morrow. The general opinion seems to
be that Judge Landls will .assess the
company $10,000,000, although there Is
no ground for the belief. District At
torney Sims says he has made no recom
mendations, but believes Judge Landls
will do what is right In the matter.
It Is a matter of comment that none
of the chief cdupsel for the Standard
Oil Company will be present in court
tomorrow. Among attorneys this is
construed as an indication that the
Standard cares very little what the
If Judge Landls finds that the Stand
nittle Tommy, darling: of papa
and mamma, who think him cute'
racing the street.
Auto man thinks Mr. Public owe.
this little bill for not getting out
' of the way.
Hapless .peed fiend, who mistook
telegraph pole for i
ard Oil Company of New Jersey Is In
volved in the rebate matter, he can
assess a fine in excess of 129,000,300.
If he feels that the Standard Oil Com
pany of -Indiana Is alone Involved, he
can fine it ,10,100.000. Although the
Standard of Indiana is capitalized at
$1,000,000 only. It has property In Whit
ing alone worth considerably in ex
cess of $50,000,000 and in the state of
more than $100,000,000.
Inasmuch as it was shown in the
trial here that the earnings of the
Standard for the three years when the
rebates were being paid were $199,800,
000, it is felt that a fine of $10,000,003,
or even of the maximum, $29,240,000,
would not so crush the octopus that it
would never recover.
Xo Operation on Rockefeller.
CLEVELAND, O., Aug. 2. At Forest
Judge K. M. Landls, of the-TntMd'
States Court of Chicago, Whd Will
Announce Sentence on. Standard Oil
Company Today. .
Hill, the Summer home of John D. Rocke
feller, It was stated today that there was
absolutely no truth In the reports printed
this morning that Mr. Rockefeller would
shortly undergo a surgical operation. It
was also denied that he expected to leave
the city today or at any time in the near
Mr. Rockefeller, it was added, played
golf this morning with Dr. Blggcx, and
was enjoying the best of health.
AUTO MANIACS AND
Papa and mamma, Indignant that
anybody should want their darling
off the streets.
SOXG OF THE RECKLESS AUTO.
Turn on the juice and let grief loose
On that reckless crowd Just yon
der.. We'll deal 'era a jolt like a thun
derbolt Before they've time to wonder.
- With nver a squeak, with never a
We give no sign nor warning.
A dash, a flash, and then the
They're lucky to wake in the
And how they run Oh ho! what funl
You'd laugh to see their capers.
And then the glee to presently see
It all writ up in the papers.
We care not a cuss for fume or fuss
Of sore distraught relations.
A trifling fine to a wad like mine
Is the least of considerations.
So It's Hip hurrah! and darn the law;
We'll ride 'em down like cattle.
We'll fill our track with woe and
Twill shame a field of battle.
Hilarious individual, not contemt
with running: down the people all
day, so keeps them awake at night.
TO ADD NEW TRAIN
It Will Carry Only Mail
PLAN IS TO IMPROVE SERVICE
Change Will Permit Running
Passenger Trains on Time,
END TO ANNOYING DELAYS
Subject Under Consideration by
Railroad and Express Officials.
Decision Will Be Announced
In a Few Days.
Harrlman officials, both in Portland and
San Francisco, are seriously considering
placing a special mail and express train
on the Portland-San Francisco run. It is
expected that a decision will be reached
In a few days. Railroad officials are in
clined to think the additional service is
assured, although the train will have to
be officially ordered by General Manager
Calvin from tho San Francisco office.
The proposed new train will be reserved
exclusively for handling mall and express,
and is being considered asN an expedient
for relieving existing congested conditions,
which, it is said, are responsible largely
for the unsatisfactory passenger service
on this branch of the Southern Pacific.
This special will carry no passengers.
The express business on this line has
Increased to an extent that It Is impossi
ble to handle It with the facilities that
are now provided In the passenger trains
Oiraer of $5000 auto, fined $5 for
$50 worth of speed sport.
But Mr. Public think auto
owes this other bill.
Tndertaker, one man who doesn't
care how fast they drive.
and at the same time make schedule time
with those trains. By combining both the
express and mail business and handling
It with a special train, the railroad offi
cials figure that It will be possible to op
erate Its passenger trains on schedule
time, since it Is the discharging and re
ceiving of express that Invariably delays
trains at all of the important stations,
making It Impossible for them to be run
It cannot be learned when the additional
train will be started, if it should be de
cided to make this improvement in the
service. But when a decision has once been
reached by the officials who have the sub
ject under consideration, the demand is
such that it is believed the inauguration
of the special service will be a matter of
but a few days.
SVBJECT UNDER ADVISEMEXT
Southern Pacific Official to Give
Decision In a Few Days.
SAX FRANCISCO. Aug. 2. (Special.) It
Is unofficially reported here that a special
mail and express train will soon be placed
on the Portland-San Francisco run on the
Southern Pacific The subject of estab
lishing such a service is known to have
been taken up by the officials here and In
Portland, and a decision Is expected in a
few days. The purpose of the projected
train is to relieve the. passenger trains of
this business in the Interest of an im
proved passenger service. To handle the
increased express business, especially, has
made it practically Impossible for tho
company to operate its passenger trains
on schedule time.
MOURNS PROMISED WIFE
W. T. HUM E, FORMERLY OF
Victim of ' Columbia Wreck, Mrs.
Blanche Gordon, Wa Attorney's
Affianced Picked Vp, Lost.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 2. (Special.)
The Investigation Into the Columbia
disaster today revealed one of the sad
dest mysteries connected with the
wreck. W. T. Hume, an attorney of this
city, formerly of Portland, asked Cap
tain Hansen for news of his promised
wife, Mrs. Blanche Gordon. Of all the
persons picked up by the schooner San.
Pedro after -the collision Mrs. Gordon
was the only one not yet accounted for.
Mrs. Gordon became separated from
her 13-year-old daughter and was
taken on board the San Pedro. Mrs.
Gordon for more than three years had
been engaged to marry Mr. Hume. The
wedding wii postponed on account of
Illness of Mrs. Gordon's little daugh
ter, who claimed her mother's undivided
attention. - - -
After the death of the child a short
time ago Mrs. Gordon and the older
daughter went on a recreation trip to
the North. Mr. Hume was to have met
her at the dock upon her return, and
they were to have been married Im
mediately. He has suffered keenly from
the uncertainty and has been unwilling
to give up hope. Mrs. Gordon's daugh
ter was saved and is In this city.
Half-Mllllon Fire In Wisconsin.
TOMAHAWK, Wis.. Aug. 2. Fire
tonight destroyed the entire plant of
the Tomahawk branch of the United
States Leather Company. Loss,
CONTENTS TODAY'S PAPER
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 70
degrees; minimum, 81 degrees.
TODAY'S Generally fair; westerly winds.
France Invites Spain to Join in expedition
to Morocco. Pago 4.
John Burns proposes British pure food law
to fight American packers. Page 3.
Blrrell going to Belfast to pacify polios
strikers. Page 3.
Naval officers believe coming of fleet to
Pacific will cause war with Japan.
Standard Oir Company to be sentenced to
day; line probably 110.000.000. . Page 1.
Senator Knox final choice of plutocrats
for President. Page 1.
Vardaman ahead according to latest re
turns from Mississippi primaries. Page 8.
Governor Hanley declares Indiana solid for
Fairbanks. Page S.
Haywood given great reception at Salt Lake.
Union Pacific will encourage coal mining
by Independent companies. Page 2.
New York Chinese attack Boston Chinese
and kill three. Page 2.
Kirk Jones, Portland burglar, arrested In
Boston. ,Page 4.
Alabama declares Southern Railroad out
law for removing suit to Federal Court.
Corvallts A Eastern replies to Representa
tive Jones charges. Page 0.
Rain in Eastern Washington breaks hot
spell. Page 4.
Walter Scott of Jordan Valley kills wife,
her lover and himself. Page 6.
Plenty of gold "till left In Klondike. Page 4.
Garfield engages Heney to supervise all
Coast land fraud trials. Page 3.
Four Jurors sworn for Halsey trial. Page 4.
Telephone Trust supplants Glass and Zlm
mer for turning against It. Page 4.
W. T. Hume's Intended bride lost on Co
lumbia. Page 1.
San Francisco club expels man who ob
jected to entertainment of Calhoun, tiio
briber. Page 4.
Chinese sailors, starved and beaten at sea,
prefer Jail. Page 4.
Coast League teams to return to original
schedule. Page 4.
Commercial and Marine.
Encouraging news for Oregon onion-growers.
Firm wheat market at Chicago. Page 15.
Midsummer trade better than last year's.
Stock- market stagnant. Page' 15.
Ship Dalgon&r chartered for outward load
ing of new crop grain. Page 11.
Portland and Vicinity.
Southern Pacific may put on mall and ex
press train between Portland and San
. Francisco. Page 1.
State Board of Health and Railroad Com-
' mission to hold conference. Page 10.
Common law widow of William Ayera as
sails lawyers. Page 10.
yefftrmern bait JUUwaukla Tiger. Pas 18.,
NT W R
Movement of Fleet Will
Be the Cause.
WILL PROVOKE JAPAN TO ACTION
Stir Up San Francisco Hood
lums to Attack.
JOYOUS AT THE PROSPECT
Official Announcement Battleships
Will Come to Pacific Causes
Visions of Promotion to Dance
Before Seadogs' Eyes.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 2. (Special.)
There was much jubilation on the part of
naval officers today over the specific and
unqualified announcement at Oyster Bay
that the battleships of the Atlantic fleet
will be sent to the Pacific. Until this
statement was made by authority of
President Roosevelt there was a growing
feeling on the part of naval officers that
these vessels would not be sent around
Cape Horn. '
One of the most substantial officers of
the Navy believes that the sending of
these battleships to the California Coast
will cause so much irritation that war
between the United States and Japan
will be the result. They are already figur
ing on promotions, as history has shown
that advancement in the naval service Is
much more rapid during war than in
All naval officers are forbidden to dls
cuss international questions for publica
tion, but privately they do not hesitate
to declare that they believe that as soon
as the Atlantic fleet starts on Its long
voyage to the Pacific the Japanese gov
ernment will send one of Its fleets to the
Coast of California or to the Atlantic
They declare that the presence of the
battleships of Admiral Evans on the Pa
cific will cause the people in that part of
the country to become more bold In their
attacks on the Japanese. This, they say,
will cause irritation, which they fear will
lead to serious consequences.
MUST RENDER ACCOUNT
New Suit by Receiver Karl Against
TRENTON, X. J., Aug. 2. A bill In
equity which calls upon the American
Sugar Refining Company to give an ac
counting of its business for the past
four years was filed before Chancel
lor Magee today on behalf of George
H. Earl, Jr., receiver of the Pennsyl
vania Sugar Refining Company, of
Philadelphia. The suit. It Is said. Is
the only one of the kind ever filed In
this country, and the step taken by the
Pennsylvania Company may be the
means of opening an entire new field
for investigating trusts. The suit is
separate from that for. 130.000.000
damages whlcH Mr. Earl Instituted
against the American Sugar Refining
Company, of New Tork.
Mr. Earl holds that in procuring
the controlling interest In the Pennsyl
vania Company in 1903, the company
became a trustee for the concern and
is responsible to It for an accounting,
although the American Company never
operated the opposition company's
FOREST FIRE IN TIMBER
Incalculable Loss Near Bcllingham.
Crews Fighting Flames.
BELLINGHAM, Wash., Aug. 2. A for
est fire on the northeast shore of Lake
Whatcom, ten miles east of this city, has
destroyed a tract of timber six miles long
and 1V4 miles wide and is still spreading.
Near Belfast, this county, large tracts
of standing timber are threatened and
logging camps and mills have closed down
to permit crews to fight the flames.
No estimate of the loss can be secured,
but millmen declare It is almost Incalcula
ble. The fires which yesterday threatened
this city are now under control.
WANT THE 1903 AERIE
Seattle Eagles to Make Fight for
Meeting In That City.
SEATTLE, Wash., Aug. 2. (Special.)
The Eagles tonight decided to make a
fight for the 1908 meeting of the Grand
Aerie and pledged a fund of $25, OU) to de
fray all expenses. ' The Eagles claim
that they will be able to take care of a
crowd of 30.000, half of whom they expect
to come from the Pacific Slope. The 190S
meeting will be the tenth anniversary of
the foundation of tbe order, which origin
ated in Seattle.
CITY OF PANAMA IS COMING
Sails for Portland Sunday In Place
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 2. The steam
ship City of Panama is to take the place
of the Columbia. She has been chartered
from the Pacific Mail Steamship Company
by the San Francisoo Portland Steam
ship Company and will start Sunday. The
City of Panama will carry a full pas
senger list in tdjllUon la 100 tpius of cargo.