Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGOXIAJT. THUTISDAT, AUGUST 1, 1907
INVARIABLY IN ADVANCE. '
Dally. Sunday Included, on year.....
Dally. Sunday include''. lx months...
Dally, Sunday Include, three month.
. Daiiy, Sunday Included, one month.
Daily, without Sunday, one year......
Dally, without Sunday. sin months...
. 8 25
Dally, without Sunday, three month.
uauy, without Sunday, one month...
fcunday. one year
Weekly, on year (Issued Thursday)...
Sunday and Weekly, one year.......
Dally, Sunday included, one year 00
Dally. Sunday included, one month 73
MOW TO REMIT Send postofflce money
order, express order or personal oheck on
your local bank. Stamps, coin or currency
are at the sender's risk. Give postofflce ad
dress In full. Including county and state.
Entered at Portland. Oregon, Fostoffla
as becond-Cass Matter.
10 to 14 Pag.'s 1 eBt
19 to 2S Pages 2 cent
80 to Pages , S cents
etl to 60 Pages .... cents
Foreign postage, double rates.
IMPORTANT The postal law ar etrlot.
Newspapers tn which postal Is not fully
, prepaid are not forwarded to destination.
EASTERN BUSINESS OFFICE.
The S. C. BecKwith, Special Agency New
York, room 48-5U Tribune balldlng. Chi
cago, room .110-812 Tribune building.
KEPT ON SALE.
Chicago Auditorium Annex. Postofflce
News Co., 178 Dearborn St.
St. Paul, Minn. N. St. Marl. Commercial
Denver Hamilton & Kendrlck. 806-K12
Seventeenth street; Pratt Book Store, 121
Fifteenth street; H. P. Hansen, S- Rice.
Kansas City, Mo. Rlckaecker Cigar Co.,
Ninth and Walnut; Sosland New Co.
Minnenpoli M. J. Cavanaugh, 60 South
Third; Eagle New Co., corner Tenth and
Eleventh; Yoma News Co.
Cleveland, O. James Fushaw, 807 Su
Washington, D. C. Ebbltt House, Penn
Philadelphia, Pa. Ryan's Theater Ticket
offire; Penn News Co.
New York City Dv Jones ft 'Co., Astor
House; Broadway Theater News Stand; Ar
thur Hoiallng Wagons
Atlantic City, N. J. Eli Taylor.
Ogden D. L. Boyle, W. G. Kind. ' 114
Omnha Barkalow Bros., Union Station;
Mageath Stationery Co.
lies Moines, la. Mose Jacob.
Sacramento, Oil. Sacramento News Co..
439 K street; Amos News Co. '
Salt Lake Moon Book A Stationary Co.;
Ropeiifeld A Hansen.
Lo Angolas B. E. Amos, manager seven
street wagons. ...
San Diego B. E. Amos.
Long Beurh. Cai. B. E. Amos.
Snnta Barbara, Cal. John Prechel.
San Jose, Cal. St. James Hotel New
El Paso, Tex. Plaza Book and New
Fort Worth, Tex. F. Robinson.
Amarillo. Tex. Bennett News Co.
rian Francisco Foster & VTrear: Ferry
News Stand; Hotel St. Francis New Stand;
L. Parent; N. Wheatley; Falrmount Hotel
News Stand; Amos News Co.; United News
Agents. 11 y, Eddy street.
Oakland. Cal. W. H. Johnson. Fourteenth
end Franklin streets; N. Wheatley. Oak
land News Stand; Hale News Co.
(.oldflfld, Nev. Louie Pollln.
Eureka. Cal. Call-Chronicle Agency.
Norfolk, Vs. Potts Boeder; American
News Co. .
Pin Beach, Ya W. A. Co? grove.
PORTLAND, THURSDAY, AUG. 1.
THE TWO KINDS.
Socialism, so-called, professes benev
olence wd philanthropy, rivaling in
this particular the claims of our pred
atory plutocracy. But in each de
scription or kind there is an anarchistic
tendency; as in San Francisco, where
Ruef, Schmitz and Glass are under
prosecution directed by Heney; and
throughout the Northwest, where men,
who call themselves Socialists, de
nounce with bitter malignity all who
desire discovery of the persons who
aided, abetted or stood behind Orchard,
in the conspiracy that resulted in the
murder of Steunenberg. That such
conspiracy existed no one doubts.
Of course The Oregonian, with ail
others who desire these disclosures,
comes in for attack by the anarchistic
element, masquerading under the name
of Socialism. But why don't these
groups of persons who denounce so
fiercely the inquiry into the murder of
Steunenberg and use of the confes
sion of Orchard in the effort to make
the discovery, speak their minds
If they should, they would say that
Orchard's offense was not the murdeE
of Steunenberg, but his- confession of
the murder, together with his account
of the relations of Haywood and oth
ers with himself. All of them say, as
plainly as language and acts can carry
the Inference, that they have no regrets
for the murder of Steunenberg, who
got his deserts In a "class war," in
which he "took the side of the oppres
sors" against those who had blown up
mines and killed "scabs" In Idaho. On
this subject the difference between
these so-called Socialists and The Ore
gonian is this: The Oregonian knows
and everybody knows that Orchard
was not "operating" alone. He, was a
tool, instrument or agent of a con
spiracy of murder, some indications of
which appeared in the trial of Hay
wood. The Oregonian would like to see
that conspiracy explored and revealed
throughout though that probably is
On the other hand, these Socialists,
as they call themselves, satisfied with
the "removal" of Steunenberg and
wishing the principals, whoever they
may be, to escape, desire no further
It is mere folly to assert- that Or
chard was acting alone. Resources for
travel and support were provided him,
during a long period, from some quar
ter. Enough came out at the trial to
afford some indication; but from what-
. ever quarter the support came, the
main evidence of it the written evi
dence would certainly be destroyed by
Orchard immediately, as a precaution
for (hls own protection. In case of his
arrest, at all times probable, it would
not do for him to have papers or evi
dence of any kind that would betray
him or his associates.
With criminal plutocracy and crim
inal anarchy The Oregonian Is equally
- at war. It approves, therefore, the
effort of Heney at San Francisco to
punish public robbers, and the effort of
the constituted authorities of Idaho to
. discover the conspiracy that caused the
murder of Governor Steunenberg.
An English religious writer, quoted
In the Literary Digest, declares, among
other things, that "the glory of the
Puritan was that he brought every
thing -to the touchstone of his con
science." This is alBO the glory of a
good many other people. It is one of
the singularly radiant glories of United
When a Puritan desired to fine his
neighbor for smiling on Sunday, or to
hang an old woman for witchcraft, he
always consulted his conscience and It
Invariably told him to go ahead. When
a United States Senator is disposed to
make a little deal with Standard Oil or
he tobacco trust, he never forgets to
consult his conscience. The most !
tricky members of the Senate while the
rate bill was under debate reiterated
every day that their consciences were
guiding and comforting them, and
doubtless they told the truth.
No asset Is so valuable te a male-,
factor as a conspicuous and well-disciplined
conscience. It not only fortifies
his courage, but It also saves him from
the critic. Who can condemn a man
for doing what his conscience ap
proves? Once get conscience to set Its
seal of approbation on a -deed and you
are as safe as the beef trust with the
government stamp on a tuberculous
The Oregonian still has some old
fashioned notions; out of date and not
good now for anything, of course. Now
there's that old gag, "Whatsoever a
man soweth, that also shall he reap."
The modern Idea is to reap where you
have not sown. It is the principle on
which the franchise-grabber does his
work. He gets rich, enormously rich;
and then he essays compromise with
conscience and the role of a public
benefactor by contributions to educa
tional and religious institutions, by es
tablishment of libraries and men's re
sorts. And it is a question whether all
these so-called benevolences are not
productive of more harm than good.
Again, that old gag, "Whatsoever a
man soweth, that also shall he reap."
The socialist and anarchist, taking ex
ample from the great plutocratic mo
nopolist, rebels. Why should he be
lieve it true? He sees the franchise
grabbers, the engrossers 'of trade, the
multi-millionaires, everywhere, reap
ing where they have not sown. Why
shouldn't he? Why should he toil -in
the harvest field. In the lumber camp,
in the mine, when others are making
immense money by preying on the pub
lic? It goes against the grain; It Is
contrary to human nature. (He prefer)
to live how he can, by sharping, by
avoiding labor, by spending his Sum
mer days In the parks and his Winter
days In quarters provided for him by
a pretended philanthropy, ld by great
plunderers, whose pricks of conscience
seek ease through such benefactions.
A great many of the men of our
cities, who lead lives of idleness about
the public parks and free reading
rooms, are men of active minds. But
they will not work. They have seen
others make enormous money by appro
priation of public utilities, and by mo
nopoly of general necessaries, without
it. They get into the libraries and
men's resorts established by overgrown
wealth In the effort to compromise with
conscience, and there they feed fat
their discontent, on one side of their
natures, and, on the other Bide, find
through books and reading the Intel
lectual gratification they require. . But
these places are In large degree merely
nurseries of Indolence and lounglng
places of discontent.
Every socialist agitator is an omniv
orous reader, and he gets his reading
matter free. It Is furnished chiefly by
those who have plundered the public
and are trying to make a truce with
conscience and to appear as philan
thropists and benefactors. But excess
of reading is an evil; It Is a form of
dissipation; It Is easily perverted to
abuse, or to meanest use. The books
that one feels he must have and the
books he works for are the books that
do him good. The others, In' too many
cases, minister to his Idleness and de
The public judgment Is the arbiter of
all things, and in the finality1 the pub
lic Judgment will declare whether the
one class of these people or the other
is the greater pest of society.
RECEIVERS FOR TRUSTS.
The proposal of the Government to
appoint receivers for the trusts should
astonish nobody. It is neither novel
nor radical. The regular common law
method of dealing with a corporation
which exceeded Its granted powers was
to dissolve it and dispose of Its belong
ings under a receivership. It is hardly
disputable that a company, which
breaks the law, exceeds its granted
powers. Its action is "ultra vires," to
borrow the elegant Ciceronlanlsm of
Were we living under normal condi
tions, we should expect such lawless
combinations as the tobacco and pow
der trusts to bj punished by dissolution
and receiverships. It Is the natural,
conclusive way to humble them. As
things are, we are so awe-stricken by
their wealth and power that any ef
fective measures against them appear
to us like a species of sacrilege.
It is argued against the receivership
method that stockholders In ,the trusts
would suffer by losing their dividends.
The reply Is obvious that dividends
earned by lawbreaking ought to be lost.
There can be no .vested right in the
proceeds of crime. ' Suppose a gang of
counterfeiters should give their busi
ness some alluring name, and, issuing
shares of stock, should persuade inno
cent people to buy them toy false rep
resentations. Would the Government
hesitate to break up the gang lest the
Innocent stockholders lose their divi
dends? But, before the law, the trusts
stand precisely in the case of our Imag
inary gang of counterfeiters. Their
shares of stock have been Issued by
Illegal combinations for unlawful pur
poses. The very existence of such
tniBts Is a breach of the law. Its every
action Is a crime. The holders of their
stock, however innocent they may be,
derive theft- dividends from a traffic
no whit more defensible than that of
But the holders of trust stock cer
tificates are by no means as Innocent
as the angels. They know the risks
of their Investment when they make it,
and one of these risks. Is that the law
may annihilate the forbidden combi
nation. Implicitly, at least, the stock
holders are consenting to the guilty
acts of the trust, and participative In
the crimes whose profits they share.
The Government might, properly, fine
a trust the full value of the belongings
it employs In lawbreaking. This is
done to other criminals, gamblers and
counterfeiters, and nobody protests.
But the . proposal of receiverships con
templates no such harsh procedure.
The original firms united In the trust
are to be made Independent again, and
for the trust stock shares in these
firms are to be substituted. In this
there is no wrong, scarcely even a
hardship. The shares In the Independ
ent firms may not be worth quite so
much as trust shares. But, since the
added value of the latter was gained
by lawbreaking, who can complain if
he loses it?
Since when has It been admitted that
the proceeds of crime and fraud were
sacred? We revere the institution of
property i we respect vested rights; but
do this reverence and 'this respect re
quire us to permit theft to flourish lest
the receiver of stolen goods lose" his
Income? There are certain kinds "of
property rights which society cannot
protect without' destruction to Itself.
The title to property gained by law
breaking is one of them.
The receivership scheme must not be
confused with Government ownership
of the trusts. When the trust has been
dissolved and its holdings restored to
the original, and equitable, owners, the
receivership is to cease. The Govern
ment will acquire no property rights
whatever. Neither will It retain the
permanent management of the concern.
Its interference will cease as soon as
obedience to the law has been assured.
The only danger in this plan is created
by the excited Imaginations of those
lawbreakers who fear that at last the
hand of Justice Is about to reach them.
If the plan fails, imprisonment Is cer
tain to be tried next; for the country
is determined 'not to be controlled and
exploited by the trusts. Which punish
ment would the magnates prefer?
EACH THINKS THERE 18 ONE SON TOO
When a state has two favorite sons,
each son is pretty sure to think there
is one son too many. Such is the situ
ation in Ohio, as to Taft and Foraker.
Taft Is "indorsed" for the Presidency
by the Republican State Committee of
Ohio, and Foraker isn't. Moreover,
Taft get3 the approval over the protest
of Foraker, and in spite of It. Yet
Foraker had a good bit of support,
which means that Taft encountered a
good bit of opposition. It means that
Taft will not have the full support of
Ohio In the National 'convention; for
the delegates are elected by districts,
and a good bunch of them, under the
Influence of Foraker, will be against
This portends a "scrap" In the Ohio
delegation, which will be the leading
sideshow of the National convention.
Taft will have a majority of the dele
gates, but the Foraker men will be
there, with their predictions that Ohio
will be lost should Taft be nominated.
This not unfamiliar argument may
turn the convention away from these
contestants and cause concentration on
some, other man possibly Hughes, of
New York, who, by the way, would be
a mighty proper candidate and mighty
This Is said under the supposition
that Theodore Roosevelt will not be
"drafted" for another term though the
able Junior Senator from Oregon is sure
he will be.
HOT WEATHER CHEER.
The man who grumbles because it is
hot does not appreciate his blessings.
He should remember that' this world
Is but a preparation for the next one.
Hence, the hotter the weather Is, the
better he will be seasoned for his fu
ture residence. Such days as we are
now enjoying tend to acclimatize us.
Thanks to their scorching influence, we
shall not enter the future world with
out a fairly adequate idea of Its cli
Let us not forget, either, that, how
ever hot the weather Is, it might be
hotter. The temperature inside a blast
furnace Is several degrees above that
of Portland. Let the grumbler ask
himself how he would feel with Shad
rach, Mesheck and Abednego, passing
through a furnace seven times ehotter
than It ever was before. Or how would
he like to be boiled in a kettle of lard,
as grumblers were boiled in the good
old days of yore?
It Is vastly comforting. In weather
like this, to compare our state with
that of the man who fell Into the cra
ter of Vesuvius. It Is balmily refresh
ing to think of the sentinel at the gate
of Pompeii, who stood at his post and
let the lava envelop him. Reflections
like these show us how much we have
to be thankful for and how ungrateful
we are to complain. The hottest day
that ever sizzled on Portland's green.
umbrageous streets Is cool as ice to be
ing sizzled where most of us are bound
STEEI, TRUST EARNINGS.
The steel trust again has broken all
existing, records for net earnings. For
the three months ending June 30, that
Colossus of all corporations returned
net earnings of $45,603,705.- Out of this
vast sum, after paying all charges, in
cluding dividends, there was set aside
for new plants, additional property
and cbnstruction the sum of $18,500,000.
This corporation, the greatest the world
ever saw, is said to have made a thou
sand millionaires, and it has turned
loose a flood of money In which .honor,
tlecency and personal integrity have
been hopelessly engulfed. ' It stands
today as an example of the awfully
pernicious effect of our existing tariff
laws, and in the coming Presidential
campaign will not fail to supply most
effective ammunition for those who are
seeking tariff revision.
These figures. In spite of their Im
mensity, do not represent all of the
fruits of this extortion, practiced on
the American people under the guise of
protection. There are princely salaries
for the men at the head of the various
departments of the big trust, and all
of the fixed charges, which are deduced
from the gross earnings, are based on a
scale of inflation In keeping with those
enormous salaries. It Is easy to un
derstand, in the face of these figures,
how Carnegie can sow his libraries
broadcast, when his pet trust every
twenty-four hours Is returning profits
sufficient to buy from ten to fifty of the
libraries with which be has been so
Then there is the Corey element in
the steel trust. Small wonder, indeed,
that these men are enabled to shower
on their footlight favorites "barbaric
pearls and gold." And -the worst phase
of the whole monstrously unjust con
dition of affairs Is that the money
wrung from the people is not coming
back to them in the shape where it can
do them any good.
Instead of having a fraction of this
money coming back in the shape of
libraries, which are' too badly tainted
with wealth to be desirable, we should
have It where it could do some good.
The steel trust profits for 1907 would be
sufficient to dig the Panama Canal. For
the last three months the amount that
has been wrung from the people In ex
orbitant profits would be ample to con
struct a fifteen-foot channel In the Mis
sissippi River all the way from St.
Paul to New Orleans, thus releasing
millions of producers from the bond
age in which they are now held by the
railroad companies. The net earnings
of this trust for & fortnight are enough
to pay "or the opening of the Columbia
River to navigation from Lewlston to
the sea, a work which would benefit
millions of producers. If the protective
tariff policy which is responsible for
such financial Showings as Is made by
tills Infant inniitvw im otKa
1 announce their desire to accomplish re
vision, would do well to hasten the
work or they will find. In a very short
time, others relieving them of the task.
Egyptologists have discovered that
Rameses II has no right to be termed
"great." Recent "advices - from the
tombs and the catacombs are said to
show that this long-celebrated Egyp
tian monarch was what modern science
of the street would term a "four
flusher." In other" words, he lived a life
of bluff, and Instead of building ail of
the costly temples, monuments, etc.,
which bear his name, he simply came
along a few thousand or a few hun
dred years after the builders and
placed his brand on the structures.
Having made this discovery, that
Rameses was a bluffer, it will now be
up to the exposing committee to de
termine which of the temples belong to
preceding Pharaohs. A Great many
Americans are pursuing the same
course as Rameses II, by placing their
brand on monuments of others. We in
America can understand old Rameses.
The MHwaukle gambling hall, Just
over the county line, of course receives
all of its patronage from Portland and
Multnomah County. It has been de
bauching the morals of hundreds of
young wage-earners In this city ever
since gambling was stamped out In
Portland. For that reason any plan
for abolishing the nuisance will re
ceive pretty general support In this
city. The parasites who conduct the
games have already made fortunes out
of the illegal calling, and their satel
lites should have a chance to try their
hands at some legitimate calling. They
are needed in a hundred different
branches of honest Industry, and should
be forced to abandon the role of drones
The Plaza blocks are overcrowded
these warm days and farmers are cry
ing for help which can earn from $3
to $5 per day. It Is quite clear that
no serious effort is being made here to
prevent 1 per cent of the population
owning 90 per cent of the wealth of the
country. "The man who lives off the"
profits of your labor Is a robber," stat
ed one of the speakers at the Haywood
mass meeting Monday night. All day
long yesterday there were hundreds of
able-bodied men using their best en
deavors to prevent any man's having
their assistance in becoming a rob
ber. The London Chronicle, in comment
ing on the Haywood verdict, says:
"The state of society revealed by the
trial Is more terrible than any civil
war, because it is more treacherous
and is likely to be more lasting." This
is erroneous, for success in the murder
ing line emboldens the murderers, and
eventually some of them will be caught
red-handed and the "lasting" nature
of this particular kind of freedom will
undergo a radical change. The Amer
ican people are long-suffering, but the
most of them are still Americans and
they will yet-vindicate their national
ity. Inland Empire farmers are - up In
arms over the increase in warehouse
rates on wheat. The new schedule of
the warehousemen Is 50 cents per ton
until January 1, and 10 cents per month
thereafter. This is the same rate as was
in effect ten years ago, and met with
no particular objection at the time.
Then warehouse managers received $60
per month and grain handlers $1.50
and $2. per day. Now the managers
receive $100 per month and the grain
and $2 per day. Now the managers
to bring with It penalties as well as
pleasures and profits.
If It is true, as reported, that Mr.
and Mrs. Roosevelt' will visit, Mr. and
Mrs. Vanderbilt this month, the dis
pute over social leadership in Greater
New York Is settled. Mrs. Astor will
not easily be able to recover from this
shock, coming after the entertainment
of Prince Henry a few years ago. In
her , belt the grand-daughter of the
Long Island ferryman wears the scalp
of the furrier's descendant.
The wheat market is still following
the downward path, which it wandered
into almost simultaneously with the
announcement of the American Society
of Equity that the minimum price was
to be $1.25 per bushel. Reasoning from
past experience, It might help some if
the Society qf Equity would place the
minimum figure at 50 cents per bushel.
The slight decline in the temperature
caused no corresponding decrease -In
the plaza block census yesterday.
Neither has there been any decline In
wages or cessation in the demand for
all kinds- of labor, except professional
Jawsmiths, of which there is an over-
They who feel Inclined to pooh-pooh
the wide movement to hold wheat for
$1 a bushel should remember that the
farmers of the Nation, man for man,
are strong enough financially to under
take it, whether they succeed or not.
Which wasn't the case ten years ago.
American women. Irrespective of
class distinction, will approve the
Government movement against the
powder combine. It is an outrage to
be compelled to pay -two bits for a
package of cosmetic that costs less
than a nickel to manufacture.
Japanese are coming Into British
Columbia at the rate of about 1000 per
week. At this rate there will soon be t
cessation of complaints about insuffi
cierit labor for handling the fruit crop
of the Northwest. .
Just to put variety into discussion of
a timely topic, suppose we talk about
a season's weather that enabled the
Inland Empire to produce & $42,000,000
According to the official report for the
last quarter, the steel trust's net prof
its are half a million dollars a day.
Thus does this rich Nation foster an
In the present lull It may prove
profitable for some one to launch a
Vice-Presidential boom. On one side
Governor Chamberlain Is not barred.
Maude Fealy, actress of genuine
merit, has reversed the adage by re
penting a matrimonial alliance with the
same haste that she entered into it.
The voice of the waves laving the
western shore of Oregon are louder
than they were a week ago.
Some way or other this week seems
an inappropriate time, to talk, about , a
fuel famine. '
VIEWS OF HAYWOOD VERDICT.
Orchard Was Not Alone.
There is an almost universal feeling
that the execution of Orchard will not
have reached the backbone of a con
certed agreement to assassinate Steu
nenberg for his manly part in suppress
ing riot in his state when he was us
chief executive officer.
Haywood In Touch With Orchard)
Orchard With Haywood.
The Jury pronounces Haywood not
srullty. The jurors refused to believe
Orchard, who asserts that Haywood is
guilty. He declares that Haywood Knew
that Steunenbera- was to be Killed, ana
conspired for that purpose. What aim,
what motive, what reward, would impel
Orchard to connect Haywood, Innocent,
with the crime? If Orchard is not to be
believed as to Haywood's complicity, is
he to be believed when he says he him
self placed the bomb at Steunenberg's
What the Jury has declared is one
thins-: what most peonle will believe may
be another. The fact remains that Or
chard is a vile, self-confessed murderer.
and that he was in touch with Haywood,
with Pettlbone; that he killed 18 or 20
persons during the time that he was communicating-
with both men, as shown by
documentary evidence, and by the admis
sion of witnesses for the defense; ana
that when he went into Idaho to kill
Steunenberg. Haywood was helping to
keep his whereabouts secret from Or
chard's own wife.
By men unaccustomed to have rela
tions with the likes of Orchard, Haywood,
though declared not guilty, will always
be believed to have kept very bad com
pany. "Doe Not Acquit Federation."
, Spokane Spokesman-Review.
But Haywood's acquittal does not ac
quit the Western Federation of Miners.
That organisation has been on trial if
not technically, at all events in the eyes
of the people. Its record of crimes,
known to all familiar with the story of
outrages in the mining regions in the
Coeur d'Alenes and elsewhere In the
West, has received fresh exposure in the
evidence introduced at the trial of Hay
wood. The story told by Harry Orchard did
not convince the Jury that Haywood was
directly implicated in the Steunenberg
tragedy, but it and the other evidence
produced by the state has strengthened
in the public mind the conviction that the
Western Federation of Miners is an or
ganization which hesitates at no crime,
however atrocious, to attain its ends or
to take vengeance upon those who stand
in its way. .
It can not be believed that the whole
sale commission of crime by the Federa
tion has been without the knowledge and
approval, if riot by the direct instigation.
of some of its leaders. The blowing
up of mines, the murderous assaults
upon nonunion men, the assassination
and attempted assassination of prominent
citizens who lawfully participated in ef
forts to check crime and bring the crlmi-
nals to justice have not been the deeds of
a few Irresponsible Individuals. They
have bees done by the concerted action
of the Western Federation of Miners, and
though Haywood, the secretary and one
of the most active heads of that organiza
tion, goes free, the whole body stands
The trial of . the last 80 days has
wrought a great, change on the public
mind throughout the country where there
had previously been an absence of infor
mation , as to the real conditions during
the troublous times in the Coeur d'Alene
regions. It has served to open the eyes
of thousands to the lawless character of
the Western Federation of Miners.
"Anarchy Not Indorsed."
The jury in the jaaywood trial has
brought in a verdict of "not guilty" and
that verdict must be accepted; 'but in
bringing in such a. verdict the jury did
not set its seal of approval upon lawless
ness and crime of which Haywood was
The most deplorable result of the ver
dict is the interpretation which is being
placed upon it by the anarchists and ex
treme so-called Socialists Of the country
who interpret it as a victory over estab
lished law and order. An evidence of
this may be found in the Insulting tele
gram .sent to President Roosevelt signed
by Emma Goldman (who should have
been Jailed or driven from the country
long ago), Alexander Berkman and Hip-
poly te Haven, air of whom are known
as anarchists and haters of government.
Alexander Jones, Socialist leader, also
goes on record as calling the President an
"undesirable citizen," and comparing him
unfavorably with Haywood.
Throughout the entire Haywood trial,
anarchists, socialists and many agitators
openly declared that the fight was one
against the Government, and some are
said to have expressed the belief that if
Haywood was guilty of all that was
charged against him, he should be ac
quitted. The fact that the Jury has
found 'not enough evidence to connect
Haywood with the crimes of Orchard
does not mean that the Jury approves of
lawlessness and crime, and sane people
will not put this Interpretation upon the
"Not ProTea," Rather Than
Polk County Observer.
Haywood goes forth a free man, a Jury
or Idaho citizens having cleared him of all
complicity in the cowardly murder of
Governor Steunenberg. While the hon
esty and Integrity of the jurors will not
be questioned, the verdict of the people
who have followed most closely the pub-
usnea proceedings of the trial will be
Tiot proven" rather than "not guilty."
Row the Indians Did It.
Des Moines (Iowa) Register and Leader.
Parkman records that the Iroquois In
dians had a law of inheritance by which
the power and property of the chief de
scended through the children of his
brothers and sisters, never in the line of
his own progeny. By this means the
Indians believed they were protected
against greed and monopoly. Someone
with a speculative turn of mind might
find it Interesting during the heated
season to figure out just what such a law
of inheritance would do in this country.
- What such law of Inheritance would do
In this country is clear enough. It would
put a stop to industry and to accumula
tion of property,- and in a few years lead
the country back to the conditions that
existed among the Iroquois Indians.
Whenever we so order it that parents
cannot work for their posterity there will
be nothing for posterity to scramble over
or scrap about except scalps.
Mane Henry's Spavined Horse.
There is a suspicion that Colonel Wat
terson's dark horse Is a victim of spavin.
A Serious Jj&tg Spell.
A young- lady sits In our choir.
Whose hair is the color of foir,
- But her charm is unique.
She has such a fair chlque,
' It la really a Joy to be nholr.
Whenever she looks aown the aisle
She gives me a beautiful smalsle;
And of all of her beaux
- I am certain she sheaux
That she likes me the best of the whalsle.
Iast Sunday she wore a new aacque.
Low cut at the front and the bacque;
And a lovely bouquet.
Worn in such a cute wuet
- As only few slrls have the knacque.
Some day, ere she grows too antique.
In marriage her hand I shall slque.
If she'a not a coquette
Which I'd greatly regruette
She shall share all my ten per wlque.
NO BOLD. BILLBOARDS IN BERLIN.
Eyesore Prohibited and City Requires
Billboards as known in the -United
States are absolutely prohibited in Berlin.
Outdoor advertising is confined to a sys
tem of neat pillars or columns on the
edges of the sidewalk at the principal
street corners or intersections. These
round, hollow columns, called Litfass
Saulen, after their originator, are sub
stantially built of iron and wood, about
12 feet high and three feet in diameter,
the exterior having an advertising sur
face of from 11 to 12 square meters. The
pillars, -like those In Paris, are used
chiefly for theaters and other places of
amusement, for the announcements ' of
newspapers and periodicals, and for offi
cial municipal and state "notices. They
are a conspicuous feature of Berlin street
life, and are consulted regularly by thea
tergoers and others. Considerable artis
tic cleverness is displayed in the arrange
ment of the different colored posters,
which are mostly In the form of reading
matter and not pictures, unlike Paris.
where the poster girl takes such a promi
In April. 1901. the city advertised for
bids for the privilege of erecting and us
ing these advertising columns within the
municipal limits for the term of 10 years.
and the successful bidders are paying to
the city an annual rental of 400,000 marks.
or $92,500, payable quarterly. According
to the terms of the lease, the city coven
anted not to grant a similar license to
anyone else, making the privilege a mon
opoly. The contractors built the columns
at their own expense, but both aa to their
design and location the approval of the
police authorities had to be obtained, and
they immediately become the property of
the city, all repairs and proper mainte
nance, however, being the duty of the
The city has the right to use the inte
rior of the pillars for municipal purposes.
such as storing utensils for street clean
ing and sand for use in the streets, for
switch apparatus, for public electric
lights, for meters for electric street rail
ways and for other purposes. These col
umns, therefore, are provided with doors
and locks, and the contractors have to
keep the Interiors properly ventilated and
free from moisture. Each column must
also have distinctly marked on its upper
portion the number of the city district
and of the police station, the nearest post
and telegraph office, the nearest fire
alarm station, the nearest sanitary
station, the nearest accident station and
the nearest relief station. Delay in pay
ment or violation or neglect of anv con
dition by the contractors renders them
liable to a fine of up to 1000 marks, or
$238, and my even cancel the lease. A
bond for 50,000 marks, or $11,900. was ex
acted for the fulfillment of the terms of
the contract. The contractors have the
exclusive rights to use these pillars for
advertising purposes, subject, however, to
The charges for advertising, which are
regulated by the Berlin authorities, are
according to the space occupied, the
maximum varying from nine to 59 cents
a day, the latter being for a space of
19 by 29 Inches. For placards larger
tn an this the charges are in proportion.
All placards must be approved by the city
autnorities betore being posted. The con-
tractors must keep a record of applicants
lor advertising space, and. with the ex
ception of cases of great urgency, the ap
plicants must De served in their proper
order. The city authorities have the
right at any time to post such official
notices as may be required, and for this
purpose a special shade of red paper is
used, and no private advertisers may,
therefore, use this shade.
Onions Are Peeled by Lightning;.
The greatest freak of the lightning in
the storm of a recent Sunday, in Han
cock County, Is reported from West
Brooksville. where onions which were in
a bag were neatly peeled. Such accom
modating lightning as this would be more
welcome than the usual variety. "The
Incident suggests," says the Ellsworth
American, "the possibilities of that future
day when man has succeeded in taming
lightning to his own uses. Then we may
expect to find each well-appointed home
equipped with its own lightning apparatus
which would not only furnish light and
heat, but would peel the onions and pota
toes, sweep the floors, make the beds,
wash the dishes, hunt buffalo bugs, kill
the flies; in fact, do all the drudgery of
housework. Including the semi-annual
housecleaning. And the servant-girl
problem would at last be solved."
Ineffffeetlveness of the Director.
A lone director Is about as ineffectual
a creature as the minority stockholder.
Where, as is customary in large corpora
tions, the management of affairB is In
trusted to an executive committee, a di
rector who is not a member of it counts
for little. He counts for even less when,
as In one notable Instance, plenary power
Is granted to the president. If Bourke
Cockran's programme were carried out.
the President, the Governors and the
Mayors woulld have an opportunity to
appoint men to pocket the fees paid di
rectors who attend board - meetings.
Whether they would do much more than
that is problematical.
From the Denver Republican.
IF THE PARACHUTE WORKS ALL RIGHT HE MAY GET BACK TO EARTH
THE JURY'S RESPONSIBILITY.
Its Powerful Influence When Human
Life Is at Stake.
To say that the verdict of the jury
declaring William D. Haywood not
guilty was a general surprise to the
public hot biased by ultra-unionism ,
sympathies, is practically equivalent to
saying that the public opinion, founded
upon the published proceedings of tne
trial, believed in the guilt of the ac
cused. To what, then, is to be at3
tributed the findings of the Jury a
Jury selected with the greatest delib
eration and utmost care, and declared
to be entirely acceptable to both sides?
We believe it lies in no personal In
tention to thwart justice or of undue
influence of bias, but rather from that
certain sense of - conservatism that
comes with grave responsibility.
The public, free from immediate re
sponsibility in such a matter. Is rather
quick to reach a decision and to stand
by it. The public believed Orchard s
terrible story and his implication of
Haywood and other Federation offi
cials in the conspiracy of murder. In
all probability these same jurymen,
were they not the impanelled arbiters
of the defendant's fate, and were they
in possession of the same evidence,
would hold the popular belief of guilt.
The difference, as shown by the ver
dict, is Just that of conservatism that
comes with responsibility, never so
strongly felt as when holding luman
life in the balance. -
The insurmountable obstacle to the
verdict of "guilty. In this case, was
the requirement of corroborative evi
dence, and that strict injunction of the
court, "beyond a reasonable doubt."
Added to the nightmare of. this "rea
sonable doubt" was the sense of the
hue and cry that went up from the very
first from sympathizers of the Indicted
Federation officials, that they would
not be able to secure a fair trial. The
proceedings had been fair, exceedingly
so. So should be the Jury's attitude
and deliberation; and, as not unusual
in such Instances, so straight were they
that they "leaned backward." That
Orchard's story must have made as
strong an Impression upon the Jury
men as upon the public mind, cannot
be doubted. But the state's laws re
quire strong corroborative evidence for
conviction on the testimony of impli
cated witnesses, and the Judge's charge
bore strongly upon this point and the
"reasonable doubt." It was a human
life that lay In their hands. And alone
with their own conscience and this
greatest of responsibilities, and with
the Judge's injunction ringing in their
ears, this "reasonable doubt" grew to
forbidding proportions, until even the
two obdurate Jurors were brought to,
see it and to "lean backwards" In
straightness, and the aeoused was
Probably most of us would have done
just the same, and yet, not having had
this human life balanced across the
"reasonable doubt" in our hands, most
of us will maintain the same opinion
held before the verdict.
Mrs. Dashaway Tes, while we were In
Egypt we visited the Pyramids. They were
literally covered with hieroglyphics.
Mrs. Newrlch Ugh! Wasn't you afraid some
of -em would git on you? Three Corners Ga
zette. Blobbs Gluizer's wife has presented hira
Slobbs How do you know?
Blobbs Guzzler told me ao himself.
Slobbe Well, I wouldn't place too much de
pendence on it. Tou know Guxzler generally
sees double. The Rake.
He So you persist in breaking off the en
gagement? She Most decidedly. 'What do you take me
He Oh, about 40. Better think It over; It
may be your last chance. Harper's Weekly.
"It's true," said the moralist, "that one
must go forward or backward in the world.
There la no standing still."
"Yes." replied the temperance shouter, "and
If there were no still standing in this world
Salesman Do you want a speedy car,
Mrs. Gowltt As fast as yflu've got.
Salesman Here's one that hita up such a
a pace you can't talk.
Mrs. Gowltt Well, show me something Just
a trifle slower. Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Knlcker Tour wife said she wanted to be
close to nature.
Bocker Well, she spent over a hundred a
week on it. New York Sun.
"Of course you understand." said the af
fable chap, "that the worst thing about the
weather is not the heat, but the humidity."
"You are wrong," answered the man who
expresses himself bluntly; "the worst thing
about the weather is the person who insists
on talking about It." Washington Star.
"Pop," said the Inquisjtlve boy, "what did
it mean when they decimated people In the
"Killed one In every ten, my son." replied
"Then." mused the boy, with a slightly
puzzled expression, "I suppose that waa the
original ten-strike" Baltimore American.
"Upon what grounds do you seek a di
vorce?" asked the lawyer whom she had Just
retained. "Nonsupport, cruelty or "
"Both." ehe cried, tearfully, "he would not
support my passionate longing for a diamond
necklace and if that isn't cruelty, I'd like to
know," Philadelphia Press.
Doesn't this weather take you back to the
good old days when mother used to bake?
fct. Louis Globe-Democrat.